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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936692/the-therapeutic-relationship-as-predictor-of-change-in-music-therapy-with-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Karin Mössler, Christian Gold, Jörg Aßmus, Karin Schumacher, Claudine Calvet, Silke Reimer, Gun Iversen, Wolfgang Schmid
This study examined whether the therapeutic relationship in music therapy with children with Autism Spectrum Disorder predicts generalized changes in social skills. Participants (4-7 years, N = 48) were assessed at baseline, 5 and 12 months. The therapeutic relationship, as observed from session videos, and the generalized change in social skills, as judged by independent blinded assessors and parents, were evaluated using standardized tools (Assessment of the Quality of Relationship; ADOS; SRS). Linear mixed effect models showed significant interaction effects between the therapeutic relationship and several outcomes at 5 and 12 months...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932767/patient-specific-workup-of-adrenal-incidentalomas
#2
REVIEW
Romy R de Haan, Johannes B R Visser, Ewoud Pons, Richard A Feelders, Uzay Kaymak, M G Myriam Hunink, Jacob J Visser
PURPOSE: : To develop a clinical prediction model to predict a clinically relevant adrenal disorder for patients with adrenal incidentaloma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: : This retrospective study is approved by the institutional review board, with waiver of informed consent. Natural language processing is used for filtering of adrenal incidentaloma cases in all thoracic and abdominal CT reports from 2010 till 2012. A total of 635 patients are identified. Stepwise logistic regression is used to construct the prediction model...
2017: European Journal of Radiology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928701/teaching-literacy-skills-to-french-minimally-verbal-school-aged-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-with-the-serious-game-sema-tic-an-exploratory-study
#3
Sylvie Serret, Stéphanie Hun, Susanne Thümmler, Prescillia Pierron, Andreia Santos, Jérémy Bourgeois, Florence Askenazy
Learning to read is very challenging for children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), but also very important, as it can give them access to new knowledge. This is even more challenging in minimally verbal children, who do not have the verbal abilities to learn through usual methods. To address the learning of literacy skills in French minimally verbal school-aged children with ASD, we designed the serious game SEMA-TIC, which relies on non-verbal cognitive skills and uses specific learning strategies adapted to the features of autistic individuals...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923113/chinese-version-of-the-constant-murley-questionnaire-for-shoulder-pain-and-disability-a-reliability-and-validation-study
#4
Min Yao, Long Yang, Zuo-Yuan Cao, Shao-Dan Cheng, Shuang-Lin Tian, Yue-Li Sun, Jing Wang, Bao-Ping Xu, Xiao-Chun Hu, Yong-Jun Wang, Ying Zhang, Xue-Jun Cui
BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain is a common musculoskeletal disorder in Chinese population, which affects more than 1,3 billion individuals. To the best of our knowledge, there has been no available Chinese-language version of measurements of shoulder pain and disability so far. Moreover, the Constant-Murley score (CMS) questionnaire is a universally recognized patient-reported questionnaire for clinical practice and research. The present study was designed to evaluate a Chinese translational version of CMS and subsequently assess its reliability and validity...
September 18, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922545/neural-responses-to-linguistic-stimuli-in-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Kayla H Finch, Helen Tager-Flusberg, Charles A Nelson
Atypical neural responses to language have been found in toddlers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and in their unaffected siblings. However, given that language difficulties are often seen in these children, it is difficult to interpret whether these neural differences are a result of the diagnosis of ASD or impairments in their language abilities. In this current study, we recorded event-related potentials (ERPs) from four groups of 36-month-olds: low-risk control (LRC), high-risk for ASD defined as having an older sibling with ASD (HRA) but who do not have ASD or milder autism-like symptoms (HRA-Typ), HRA children who do not have ASD but exhibit milder autism-like symptoms (HRA-Atyp), and HRA children diagnosed with ASD (ASD)...
September 18, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921545/editorial-new-frontiers-in-the-scientific-study-of-developmental-language-disorders
#6
EDITORIAL
Courtenay Frazier Norbury, Edmund Sonuga-Barke
Developmental language disorders (DLD) are common and have far-reaching developmental consequences. Nevertheless, public awareness of DLD is poor, and one goal of this special issue is to showcase a set of papers that provide a clear and coherent message about the nature and impact of DLD, and the potential of intervention to mitigate these impacts. In this editorial, we highlight seminal papers JCPP has published on language disorders over the last 40 years. Many of the issues raised then are still relevant now; however, the papers that comprise this special issue exemplify how far the field has come in achieving consensus on terminology and diagnostic criteria, and producing highly consistent findings on the stability and impact of DLD, and the potential for language change in response to targeted interventions...
October 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912422/children-and-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-cannot-move-to-the-beat
#7
Frédéric Puyjarinet, Valentin Bégel, Régis Lopez, Delphine Dellacherie, Simone Dalla Bella
Children and adults with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) fail in simple tasks like telling whether two sounds have different durations, or in reproducing single durations. The deficit is linked to poor reading, attention, and language skills. Here we demonstrate that these timing distortions emerge also when tracking the beat of rhythmic sounds in perceptual and sensorimotor tasks. This contrasts with the common observation that durations are better perceived and produced when embedded in rhythmic stimuli...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911819/non-neurogenic-language-disorders-a-preliminary-classification
#8
REVIEW
Mario F Mendez
BACKGROUND: Few publications deal with non-neurogenic language disorders (NNLDs), distinct from psychogenic speech disorders such as psychogenic dysphonia or stuttering. NNLDs are alterations in language owing to psychosomatic preoccupations, conversion disorder, psychiatric disorders, or other psychological reasons. OBJECTIVE: To identify and classify the range of NNLDs and their characteristics. METHODS: This review summarizes the literature on disturbances in language, broadly defined as the use of symbols for communication, which may have a psychogenic or psychiatric etiology...
August 10, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906246/the-relationship-between-central-auditory-processing-language-and-cognition-in-children-being-evaluated-for-central-auditory-processing-disorder
#9
Lauren Brenneman, Elizabeth Cash, Gail D Chermak, Linda Guenette, Gay Masters, Frank E Musiek, Mallory Brown, Julianne Ceruti, Krista Fitzegerald, Kristin Geissler, Jennifer Gonzalez, Jeffrey Weihing
BACKGROUND: Pediatric central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) is frequently comorbid with other childhood disorders. However, few studies have examined the relationship between commonly used CAPD, language, and cognition tests within the same sample. PURPOSE: The present study examined the relationship between diagnostic CAPD tests and "gold standard" measures of language and cognitive ability, the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals (CELF) and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC)...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904561/understanding-mind-body-interaction-from-the-perspective-of-east-asian-medicine
#10
Ye-Seul Lee, Yeonhee Ryu, Won-Mo Jung, Jungjoo Kim, Taehyung Lee, Younbyoung Chae
OBJECTIVE: Attempts to understand the emotion have evolved from the perspective of an independent cognitive system of the mind to that of an interactive response involving the body. This study aimed to quantify and visualize relationships between different emotions and bodily organ systems from the perspective of East Asian medicine. METHODS: Term frequency-inverse document frequency (tf-idf) method was used to quantify the significance of Five Viscera and the gallbladder relative to seven different emotions through the classical medical text of DongUiBoGam...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903722/eeg-power-at-3%C3%A2-months-in-infants-at-high-familial-risk-for-autism
#11
April R Levin, Kandice J Varcin, Heather M O'Leary, Helen Tager-Flusberg, Charles A Nelson
BACKGROUND: Alterations in brain development during infancy may precede the behavioral manifestation of developmental disorders. Infants at increased risk for autism are also at increased risk for other developmental disorders, including, quite commonly, language disorders. Here we assess the extent to which electroencephalographic (EEG) differences in infants at high versus low familial risk for autism are present by 3 months of age, and elucidate the functional significance of EEG power at 3 months in predicting later development...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886424/emotional-and-behavioural-needs-in-children-with-specific-language-impairment-and-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-the-importance-of-pragmatic-language-impairment
#12
Wenche Andersen Helland, Turid Helland
BACKGROUND: Language problems may negatively affect children's behaviour and have detrimental effects on the development of peer-relations. AIMS: We investigated and compared emotional and behavioural profiles in children with SLI and in children with ASD aged 6-15 years and explored to what extent pragmatic language problems contributed to the emotional and behavioural needs (EBN) in these clinical groups. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: The ASD group consisted of 23 children (19 boys; 4 girls) and the SLI group consisted of 20 children (18 boys; 2 girls)...
September 4, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879191/patient-reported-outcomes-in-onychomycosis-a-review-of-psychometrically-evaluated-instruments-in-assessing-treatment-effectiveness
#13
REVIEW
Jenny Wang, Lauren E Wiznia, Evan A Rieder
PURPOSE: Onychomycosis is the most common nail disorder and causes morbidity and impaired quality of life (QOL). Patient-reported outcomes (PRO) are patients' assessment of their health status or treatment response. PROs help assess what is most bothersome to patients to identify targets for intervention. We sought to review the PRO instruments currently used to assess QOL and treatment response in onychomycosis patients. PROCEDURES: A systematic review was performed by searching PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and PsycINFO databases through December 31, 2016, to identify all English language literature on onychomycosis, PRO, and QOL...
August 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867997/autism-spectrum-disorder-related-functional-connectivity-changes-in-the-language-network-in-children-adolescents-and-adults
#14
Yubu Lee, Bo-Yong Park, Oliver James, Seong-Gi Kim, Hyunjin Park
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disability with global implication. Altered brain connectivity in the language network has frequently been reported in ASD patients using task-based functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) compared to typically developing (TD) participants. Most of these studies have focused on a specific age group or mixed age groups with ASD. In the current study, we investigated age-related changes in functional connectivity related measure, degree centrality (DC), in the language network across three age groups with ASD (113 children, 113 adolescents and 103 adults) using resting-state fMRI data collected from the autism brain imaging data exchange repository...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865943/argentinian-chilean-validation-of-the-spanish-language-version-of-addenbrooke-s-cognitive-examination-iii-for-diagnosing-dementia
#15
D Bruno, A Slachevsky, N Fiorentino, D S Rueda, G Bruno, A R Tagle, L Olavarria, P Flores, P Lillo, M Roca, T Torralva
BACKGROUND: The Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination III (ACE-III), an adaptation of the ACE cognitive screening test, has been demonstrated to have high sensitivity and specificity in detecting cognitive impairment in patients with dementia and other neurological and psychiatric disorders. Although the Spanish-language version of the ACE-III has already been validated in Spain, it is yet to be validated in Latin America. The aim of this study was to validate the ACE-III test in an Argentinean and Chilean population...
August 30, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863035/same-or-different-the-overlap-between-children-with-auditory-processing-disorders-and-children-with-other-developmental-disorders-a-systematic-review
#16
Ellen de Wit, Pim van Dijk, Sandra Hanekamp, Margot I Visser-Bochane, Bert Steenbergen, Cees P van der Schans, Margreet R Luinge
OBJECTIVES: Children diagnosed with auditory processing disorders (APD) experience difficulties in auditory functioning and with memory, attention, language, and reading tasks. However, it is not clear whether the behavioral characteristics of these children are distinctive from the behavioral characteristics of children diagnosed with a different developmental disorder, such as specific language impairment (SLI), dyslexia, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), learning disorder (LD), or autism spectrum disorder...
August 31, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857799/age-at-exposure-to-surgery-and-anesthesia-in-children-and-association-with-mental-disorder-diagnosis
#17
Caleb Ing, Ming Sun, Mark Olfson, Charles J DiMaggio, Lena S Sun, Melanie M Wall, Guohua Li
BACKGROUND: Animals exposed to anesthetics during specific age periods of brain development experience neurotoxicity, with neurodevelopmental changes subsequently observed during adulthood. The corresponding vulnerable age in children, however, is unknown. METHODS: An observational cohort study was performed using a longitudinal dataset constructed by linking individual-level Medicaid claims from Texas and New York from 1999 to 2010. This dataset was evaluated to determine whether the timing of exposure to anesthesia ≤5 years of age for a single common procedure (pyloromyotomy, inguinal hernia, circumcision outside the perinatal period, or tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy) is associated with increased subsequent risk of diagnoses for any mental disorder, or specifically developmental delay (DD) such as reading and language disorders, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
August 29, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856093/from-word-reading-to-multisentence-comprehension-improvements-in-brain-activity-in-children-with-autism-after-reading-intervention
#18
Donna L Murdaugh, Jose O Maximo, Claire E Cordes, Sarah E O'Kelley, Rajesh K Kana
BACKGROUND: Children with ASD show a unique reading profile characterized by decoding abilities equivalent to verbal abilities, but with lower comprehension skills. Neuroimaging studies have found recruitment of regions primarily associated with visual processing (e.g., fusiform gyrus and medial parietal cortex), but reduced activation in frontal and temporal regions, when reading in adults with ASD. The purpose of this study was to assess neural changes associated with an intense reading intervention program in children with ASD using three fMRI tasks of reading...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846054/severe-clinical-events-in-100-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-retrospective-clinical-description-using-a-system-specific-psychopathological-approach
#19
Moritz E Wigand, Fabian U Lang, Lea Reichhardt, Thomas G Schulze, Sebastian Walther, Thomas Becker, Markus Jäger
Catatonic states and numerous other severe clinical events can complicate the course of schizophrenia. Whether these severe courses are associated with particular system-specific symptom dimensions remain unclear. Aim is to assess the frequency of severe clinical events in a clinical population and to investigate the association of these events with sociodemographic data and system-specific psychopathology, combining qualitative and quantitative data. We performed a comprehensive retrospective description of a well-described and geographically stable sample of 100 patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder and linked severe clinical events with sociodemographic data at inclusion into the study (as indicators of social functioning) and symptoms at first admission, classified with the Bern Psychopathology Scale (BPS)...
August 28, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838790/impact-of-spontaneous-intracerebral-hemorrhage-on-cognitive-functioning-an-update
#20
REVIEW
M Planton, N Raposo, L Danet, J-F Albucher, P Péran, J Pariente
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) accounts for 15% of all strokes and approximately 50% of stroke-related mortality and disability worldwide. Patients who have experienced ICH are at high risk of negative outcome, including stroke and cognitive disorders. Vascular cognitive impairment are frequently seen after brain hemorrhage, yet little is known about them, as most studies have focused on neuropsychological outcome in ischemic stroke survivors, using well-documented acute and chronic cognitive scores. However, recent evidence supports the notion that ICH and dementia are closely related and each increases the risk of the other...
August 21, 2017: Revue Neurologique
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