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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213340/demographic-and-indication-specific-characteristics-have-limited-association-with-social-network-engagement-evidence-from-24-954-members-of-four-health-care-support-groups
#1
Trevor van Mierlo, Xinlong Li, Douglas Hyatt, Andrew T Ching
BACKGROUND: Digital health social networks (DHSNs) are widespread, and the consensus is that they contribute to wellness by offering social support and knowledge sharing. The success of a DHSN is based on the number of participants and their consistent creation of externalities through the generation of new content. To promote network growth, it would be helpful to identify characteristics of superusers or actors who create value by generating positive network externalities. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the feasibility of developing predictive models that identify potential superusers in real time...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213134/speech-in-noise-perception-in-musicians-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Emily B J Coffey, Nicolette Mogilever, Robert J Zatorre
The ability to understand speech in the presence of competing sound sources is an important neuroscience question in terms of how the nervous system solves this computational problem. It is also a critical clinical problem that disproportionally affects the elderly, children with language-related learning disorders, and those with hearing loss. Recent evidence that musicians have an advantage on this multifaceted skill has led to the suggestion that musical training might be used to improve or delay the decline of speech-in-noise (SIN) function...
February 14, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209607/parenting-for-autism-language-and-communication-evaluation-study-palaces-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Margiad Elen Williams, Richard Hastings, Joanna Mary Charles, Sue Evans, Judy Hutchings
INTRODUCTION: Children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) often have associated behavioural difficulties that can present a challenge for parents and parenting. There are several effective social learning theory-based parenting programmes for dealing with behavioural difficulties, including the Incredible Years (IY) parent programmes. However, these programmes typically do not specifically target parents of children with ASD. Recently, a new addition to the IY suite of programmes known as the IY Autistic Spectrum and Language Delays (IY-ASLD) parent programme was developed...
February 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208086/measuring-of-quality-of-life-in-autoimmune-blistering-disorders-in-poland-validation-of-disease-specific-autoimmune-bullous-disease-quality-of-life-abqol-and-the-treatment-autoimmune-bullous-disease-quality-of-life-tabqol-questionnaires
#4
Agnieszka Kalinska-Bienias, Beata Jakubowska, Cezary Kowalewski, Dedee F Murrell, Katarzyna Wozniak
PURPOSE: Autoimmune bullous dermatoses (AIBD) are rare, severe diseases resulting from some antibodies activity against the different adhesion structures within the skin and/or mucosa. Few studies investigated quality of life (QOL) in AIBD by generic and dermatology-specific instruments, all reporting strong impact on QOL. Recently, disease-specific measurement tools have been developed: Autoimmune Bullous Disease Quality of Life (ABQOL) and Treatment of Autoimmune Bullous Disease Quality of Life (TABQOL) questionnaires...
February 13, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188914/connectivity-based-parcellation-reveals-distinct-cortico-striatal-connectivity-fingerprints-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Joshua H Balsters, Dante Mantini, Nicole Wenderoth
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has been associated with abnormal synaptic development causing a breakdown in functional connectivity. However, when measured at the macro scale using resting state fMRI, these alterations are subtle and often difficult to detect due to the large heterogeneity of the pathology. Recently, we outlined a novel approach for generating robust biomarkers of resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (RS-fMRI) using connectivity based parcellation of gross morphological structures to improve single-subject reproducibility and generate more robust connectivity fingerprints...
February 7, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178977/diagnostic-performance-and-optimal-cut-off-scores-of-the-massachusetts-youth-screening-instrument-second-version-in-a-sample-of-swiss-youths-in-welfare-and-juvenile-justice-institutions
#6
Claudia Dölitzsch, Laura E W Leenarts, Klaus Schmeck, Jorg M Fegert, Thomas Grisso, Marc Schmid
BACKGROUND: There is a growing consensus about the importance of mental health screening of youths in welfare and juvenile justice institutions. The Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-second version (MAYSI-2) was specifically designed, normed and validated to assist juvenile justice facilities in the United States of America (USA), in identifying youths with potential emotional or behavioral problems. However, it is not known if the USA norm-based cut-off scores can be used in Switzerland...
February 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174606/lateralization-of-erps-to-speech-and-handedness-in-the-early-development-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Kayla H Finch, Anne M Seery, Meagan R Talbott, Charles A Nelson, Helen Tager-Flusberg
BACKGROUND: Language is a highly lateralized function, with typically developing individuals showing left hemispheric specialization. Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often show reduced or reversed hemispheric lateralization in response to language. However, it is unclear when this difference emerges and whether or not it can serve as an early ASD biomarker. Additionally, atypical language lateralization is not specific to ASD as it is also seen more frequently in individuals with mixed- and left-handedness...
2017: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174518/assessing-music-perception-in-young-children-evidence-for-and-psychometric-features-of-the-m-factor
#8
Caio G Barros, Walter Swardfager, Sylvain Moreno, Graziela Bortz, Beatriz Ilari, Andrea P Jackowski, George Ploubidis, Todd D Little, Alexandra Lamont, Hugo Cogo-Moreira
Given the relationship between language acquisition and music processing, musical perception (MP) skills have been proposed as a tool for early diagnosis of speech and language difficulties; therefore, a psychometric instrument is needed to assess music perception in children under 10 years of age, a crucial period in neurodevelopment. We created a set of 80 musical stimuli encompassing seven domains of music perception to inform perception of tonal, atonal, and modal stimuli, in a random sample of 1006 children, 6-13 years of age, equally distributed from first to fifth grades, from 14 schools (38% private schools) in So Paulo State...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171741/effectiveness-of-technologies-in-the-treatment-of-post-stroke-anomia-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Monica Lavoie, Joël Macoir, Nathalie Bier
BACKGROUND: Technologies are becoming increasingly popular in the treatment of language disorders and offer numerous possibilities, but little is known about their effectiveness and limitations. AIM: The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the effectiveness of treatments delivered by technology in the management of post-stroke anomia. METHODS: As a guideline for conducting this review, we used the PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses of studies that evaluate health care interventions...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168003/cognitive-and-adaptive-correlates-of-an-ados-derived-joint-attention-composite
#10
Ashley Johnson Harrison, Zhenqiu Laura Lu, Rebecca L McLean, Stephen J Sheinkopf
Joint attention skills have been shown to predict language outcomes in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Less is known about the relationship between joint attention (JA) abilities in children with ASD and cognitive and adaptive abilities. In the current study, a subset of items from the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS), designed to quantify JA abilities, were used to investigate social attention among an unusually large cross-sectional sample of children with ASD (n = 1061). An examination of the association between JA and a range of functional correlates (cognitive and adaptive) revealed JA was significantly related to verbal (VIQ) and non-verbal (NVIQ) cognitive ability as well as all domains of adaptive functioning (socialization, communication, and daily living skills)...
September 2016: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163690/mentalizing-makes-parenting-work-a-review-about-parental-reflective-functioning-and-clinical-interventions-to-improve-it
#11
REVIEW
Andrea Camoirano
In the last decade several studies have investigated the role of parental reflective functioning (RF), defined as the parental ability to understand his/her child's mental states, on the child's development. Herein, a narrative review on parental RF is presented aimed at (1) presenting an overview of the existing empirical studies, (2) pinpointing unrequited questions, and (3) identifying future research directions. Specifically, the current review focused on (a) the impact of parental RF on the quality of caregiving and the child's attachment security, (b) the effect of parental RF on the child's emotion regulation and the child's RF, (c) maternal RF in women with a history of neglect and abuse, (d) the efficacy of mentalization-based clinical interventions, and (e) the recently developed Parental Reflective Questionnaire...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162768/response-to-name-in-infants-developing-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-prospective-study
#12
Meghan Miller, Ana-Maria Iosif, Monique Hill, Gregory S Young, A J Schwichtenberg, Sally Ozonoff
OBJECTIVE: To examine longitudinal patterns of response to name from 6-24 months of age in infants at high and low risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). STUDY DESIGN: A response to name task was tested at 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, and 24 months of age in 156 infant siblings of children with ASD (high-risk) or typical development (low-risk). At 36 months of age, participants were classified into 1 of 3 outcome groups: group with ASD (n = 20), high-risk group without ASD (n = 76), or low-risk group without ASD (n = 60)...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153426/factors-affecting-gastrointestinal-absorption-of-levothyroxine-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Marko Skelin, Tomo Lucijanić, Daniela Amidžić Klarić, Arnes Rešić, Miro Bakula, Ana-Marija Liberati-Čizmek, Hossein Gharib, Dario Rahelić
PURPOSE: Levothyroxine (LT4) is a drug with a narrow therapeutic index, applied in small amounts (micrograms), which makes interactions in the absorption phase clinically significant. The main aim of this article was to review and present the latest information on factors that affect the gastrointestinal absorption of this drug. METHODS: Relevant data were collected by using the MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Science Direct, and Scopus databases with the key words levothyroxine and absorption...
January 30, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148286/fifteen-year-follow-up-of-italian-families-affected-by-arginine-glycine-amidinotransferase-deficiency
#14
Roberta Battini, M Grazia Alessandrì, Claudia Casalini, Manuela Casarano, Michela Tosetti, Giovanni Cioni
BACKGROUND: Arginine:glycine amidinotransferase deficiency (AGAT-d) is a very rare inborn error of creatine synthesis mainly characterized by absence of brain Creatine (Cr) peak, intellectual disability, severe language impairment and behavioural disorder and susceptible to supplementary Cr treatment per os. Serial examinations by magnetic resonance spectroscopy are required to evaluate Cr recovery in brain during treatment of high doses of Cr per os, which have been proved beneficial and effective in treating main clinical symptoms...
February 2, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146614/tardive-dyskinesia-prevalence-in-the-period-of-second-generation-antipsychotic-use-a-meta-analysis
#15
Maren Carbon, Cheng-Hsi Hsieh, John M Kane, Christoph U Correll
OBJECTIVE: Comparison of tardive dyskinesia (TD) prevalence during contemporaneous treatment with first-generation antipsychotics (FGAs) and/or second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs). DATA SOURCES: PubMed/MEDLINE/Google Scholar search (January 1, 2000-September 30, 2015) without language restriction using (tardive dyskinesia OR tardive) AND (antipsychotic*) plus specific names of SGAs. STUDY SELECTION: Of 8,895 hits, we screened 203 full-text articles for cross-sectional, rating scale-based TD rates during SGA, FGA, or FGA+SGA treatment...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138110/predicting-autism-spectrum-disorder-using-blood-based-gene-expression-signatures-and-machine-learning
#16
Dong Hoon Oh, Il Bin Kim, Seok Hyeon Kim, Dong Hyun Ahn
Objective: The aim of this study was to identify a transcriptomic signature that could be used to classify subjects with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared to controls on the basis of blood gene expression profiles. The gene expression profiles could ultimately be used as diagnostic biomarkers for ASD. Methods: We used the published microarray data (GSE26415) from the Gene Expression Omnibus database, which included 21 young adults with ASD and 21 age- and sex-matched unaffected controls...
February 28, 2017: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135275/validity-and-acceptability-of-kimberley-mum-s-mood-scale-to-screen-for-perinatal-anxiety-and-depression-in-remote-aboriginal-health-care-settings
#17
Julia V Marley, Jayne Kotz, Catherine Engelke, Melissa Williams, Donna Stephen, Sudha Coutinho, Stephanie K Trust
BACKGROUND: The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) is widely recommended for perinatal anxiety and depression screening. However, many Aboriginal women find EPDS language complex and confusing, and providers find using it with Aboriginal women challenging. The two part Kimberley Mum's Mood Scale (KMMS) was developed to improve screening: Part 1 is a Kimberley version of EPDS; Part 2 is a psychosocial tool that enables contextualisation of Part 1 scores. We aimed to determine if KMMS is a valid and acceptable method of identifying Kimberley Aboriginal perinatal women at risk of anxiety or depressive disorders compared to a semi-structured clinical interview...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135114/videogame-related-illness-and-injury-a-review-of-the-literature-and-predictions-for-pok%C3%A3-mon-go
#18
Ali Pourmand, Kevin Lombardi, Evan Kuhl, Francis O'Connell
OBJECTIVE: Reports of videogame-related illness and injury soon emerged in the literature with the inception of videogame systems and subsequent development of novel gaming platforms and technologies. In an effort to better detail the impacts of these phenomena and provide recommendations for injury prevention as it relates to Pokémon Go and the larger world of augmented reality games, we conducted an extensive systems-based review of past trends in videogame-related illness and injury from the literature...
February 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119842/the-comparison-of-m-b-cdi-k-short-form-and-k-asq-as-screening-test-for-language-development
#19
Seong Woo Kim, Ji Yong Kim, Sang Yoon Lee, Ha Ra Jeon
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the usefulness of the communication domain in the Korean version of Ages and Stages Questionnaire (K-ASQ), and short form of the Korean version of MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories (M-B CDI-K), as screening tests for language developmental delay. METHODS: Data was collected between April 2010 and December 2013, from children who visited either the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation or the Developmental Delay Clinic, presenting with language development delay as their chief complaint...
December 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114681/assessment-with-children-who-need-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-aac-clinical-decisions-of-aac-specialists
#20
Shelley K Lund, Wendy Quach, Kristy Weissling, Miechelle McKelvey, Aimee Dietz
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore how speech-language pathologists (SLPs) who are augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) specialists approach the assessment process for 2 case studies, 1 child with cerebral palsy and 1 with autism spectrum disorder. The aim of the study was to answer the following questions: (a) How do clinicians with expertise approach the AAC assessment process for children with developmental disabilities? (b) Can any initial hypothesis be drawn about how SLPs approach the assessment of children with motor versus social interactive deficits? Method: This study used a phenomenological qualitative design...
January 1, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
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