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ventricular parasystole

Lennart J de Vries, Mihran Martirosyan, Ron T van Domburg, Sip A Wijchers, Tamas Géczy, Tamas Szili-Torok
PURPOSE: Coupling interval (CI) variability of premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) is influenced by the underlying arrhythmia mechanism. The aim of this study was to compare CI variability of PVCs in different myocardial disease entities, in order to gain insight into their arrhythmia mechanism. METHODS: Sixty-four patients with four underlying pathologies were included: idiopathic (n = 16), non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM) (n = 16), familial cardiomyopathy (PLN/LMNA) (n = 16), and post-MI (n = 16)-associated PVCs...
January 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
Dalis E Collins, Brandy L Dozier, Jeffrey J Stanton, Lois Ma Colgin, Rhonda MacAllister
A 6-d-old Indian-origin female rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) presented with bradycardia shortly after sedation with ketamine. No other cardiac abnormalities were apparent. Approximately 2 wk after the initial presentation, the macaque was again bradycardic and exhibited a regularly irregular arrhythmia on a prestudy examination. ECG, echocardiography, blood pressure measurement, SpO2 assessment, and a CBC analysis were performed. The echocardiogram and bloodwork were normal, but the infant was hypotensive at the time of echocardiogram...
December 1, 2016: Comparative Medicine
Roopa Tekkatte, Ahmed Hamoud, Claire Warren, James Barry
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy's (HCM) association with sudden cardiac death is well recognised. The risk of sudden cardiac death is known to increase when there is a history of unexplained syncope, abnormal blood pressure response during exercise, severe left ventricular hypertrophy or a family history of unexplained death. Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) implantation has been widely used for primary and secondary prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in people with HCM. Subcutaneous ICD (S-ICD) therapy has been developed to overcome some of the problems associated with the transvenous leads used in conventional ICDs...
July 2014: Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
Randeep Thiara, Nicholas Nacca, Tamas Szombathy
Ventricular parasystole has been known to be a benign rhythm. We present a case of a 53-year-old man with chest pain and ventricular parasystole on electrocardiogram upon initial presentation. He was admitted and found to have normal serial cardiac enzymes and nuclear stress testing. He was discharged home with primary care follow-up. We highlight this case, as ventricular parasystole has been shown to be associated with cardiovascular disease and is a rhythm that should not be ignored. Our review of the literature shows that a thorough cardiovascular investigation should take place when this rhythm is identified...
April 2014: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Li Wei, Yong-Yi Lu, Li-Na Qiao, Yi-Min Hua, Yi-Bin Wang, Xiao Wang, Xin-Hui Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the significance of Tp-Te interval for risk stratification of ventricular premature contractions (VPC) in children. METHODS: A total of 120 children with VPC were divided into benign VPC (n=40), organic disease (n=40) and ventricular parasystole groups (n=40) according to the etiology of VPC; another 40 children who underwent physical examination were selected as the normal control group. The four groups were compared in terms of Tp-Te intervals and Tp-Te/QT ratios in leads V3, V4 and V5...
November 2013: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
José Jalife
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2013: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
Kan Takayanagi, Shiro Nakahara, Noritaka Toratani, Ryuji Chida, Sayuki Kobayashi, Yoshihiko Sakai, Akihiro Takeuchi, Noriaki Ikeda
BACKGROUND: Repetitive interpolated ventricular bigeminy (RIVB) can introduce a doubling of the ventricular rate. OBJECTIVE: To clarify the mechanism of RIVB, we hypothesized that it was introduced by a strong modulation of the ventricular automatic focus. METHODS: RIVB, defined as more than 7 bigeminy events, was detected by instantaneous heart rate and bigeminy interval (BI) tachograms in 1450 successive patients with frequent ventricular premature contractions (≥3000 per day)...
October 2013: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
Piotr Podziemski, Jan J Zebrowski
Existing atrial models with detailed anatomical structure and multi-variable cardiac transmembrane current models are too complex to allow to combine an investigation of long time dycal properties of the heart rhythm with the ability to effectively simulate cardiac electrical activity during arrhythmia. Other ways of modeling need to be investigated. Moreover, many state-of-the-art models of the right atrium do not include an atrioventricular node (AVN) and only rarely--the sinoatrial node (SAN). A model of the heart tissue within the right atrium including the SAN and AVN nodes was developed...
August 2013: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Reiner Buchhorn, Willaschek Christian
OBJECTIVES: Potential side effects of stimulants for attention deficit disorder are in the focus of scientific discussions, intensified by the higher number of prescriptions. Children with known arrhythmias or other severe cardiac problems should not receive stimulants because of their sympathomimetic effects. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of 24-hour Holter electrocardiograms from 100 consecutive children with attention deficit disorder from January, 2006 to April, 2012...
February 2014: Cardiology in the Young
William Finlay McIntyre, Adrian Baranchuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2011: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Li Jia, Li Yue-Chun, Ji Kang-Ting, Zhou Na-Dan, Lin Jia-Xuan, Zhang Wen-Wu, Yang Peng-Lin, Tang Ji-Fei, Lin Jia-Feng
BACKGROUND: RFCA has been established as an effective and curative therapy for severely symptomatic PVC from the outflow tract in structurally normal hearts. However, it is unknown whether PVCs originating from the left ventricular septum, are effectively eliminated by RFCA. This study aimed to investigate electrophysiologic characteristics and effects of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) for patients with symptomatic premature ventricular contraction (PVC) originating from the left ventricular septum without including fascicular PVCs...
2011: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Alessandro Lauro, Giuseppe Cosentino, Alessio Currò
Ventricular arrhythmias are common in patients with mitral valve prolapse. Conversely, parasystolic ventricular tachycardia is an uncommon arrhythmia that can be observed independent of preexisting heart disease. We report the case of an otherwise healthy 42-year-old woman with both mitral valve prolapse and parasystolic ventricular tachycardia.
April 2010: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Rashid Massumi, Michael Shehata
In a study of seven cases of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, it was noted that the fast rate was not caused by the mechanism of rapid firing, reentry, or dual atrioventricular nodal conduction but by an abrupt doubling of the rate by interpolation of junctional extrasystoles between adjacent sinus beats while the sinus mechanism remained undisturbed. Dual ventricular response to a single atrial depolarization was seriously considered in each case. The intervals separating the junctional extrasystoles tended to be quite fixed, thus conforming to the pattern of junctional parasystole with an intrinsic rate very close to the rate of the dominant sinus rhythm...
August 2010: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
Poul Erik Bloch Thomsen, Arne Johannessen, Christian Jons, Thomas Fritz Hansen, Jørgen Kim Kanters, Jens Haarbo, Jim Hansen, Liselotte Klint Christiansen, Peter Sogaard, Knud Saermark, Charles Antzelevitch
AIMS: Discrete, fragmented, local voltage potentials (LVPs) have been observed in electrograms recorded at the ablation site in patients undergoing radiofrequency ablation for arrhythmias originating in both the right and left ventricular outflow tract; however, the incidence and the significance of the LVP with respect to arrhythmogenesis is uncertain. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 25 patients with outflow tract arrhythmias referred for radiofrequency catheter ablation and recorded high-amplified intracardiac electrograms close to the site of origin of the arrhythmia...
June 2010: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Shinji Kinoshita, Takakazu Katoh, Hiroshi Yoshida
BACKGROUND: In 1974, Kinoshita reported a case of 'irregular parasystole' due to type I second-degree entrance block. Since then, many cases of such 'irregular' parasystole have been reported by us. To explain the mechanism of 'irregular' parasystole, two theories have been suggested, namely, 'electrotonic modulation' by Jalife and Moe, and 'type I second-degree entrance block' by us. On the contrary, in 1960, Kinoshita et al. reported a case of concealed bigeminy for the first time. The electrocardiographic findings in concealed bigeminy have suggested that there are dual re-entrant pathways with markedly long effective refractory periods in the re-entrant pathway...
May 2010: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Farid Aliyev, Cengizhan Türkoglu, Cengiz Celiker
Mad honey poisoning syndrome has been reported in the Eastern Black Sea region and Southeastern regions of Turkey. Herein we report a case of 70-y-old man presented with syncope and severe hemodynamic instability following ingestion of one teaspoon of honey and his unusual electrocardiographic manifestations: nodal rhythm alternating with sinus bradycardia and intermittant ventricular parasystole. In this report, we also tried to explain the possible mechanism responsible for these electrocardiographic findings...
November 2009: Clinical Cardiology
Steven Kalbfleisch, David Hart, Raul Weiss
This case describes a patient with two separate foci of idiopathic ventricular tachycardia in the right ventricle. Both of the tachycardias manifested cycle length and QRS alternans. Both were successfully ablated and information from the electrophysiologic study and ablation procedure indicated that both tachycardias were focal, secondary to triggered activity, and that the best model to explain the cycle length and QRS alternans during tachycardia was that of "self-entraining modulated parasystole."
December 2009: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
Cesare de Gregorio, Gianluca Di Bella, Lorenzo Curtò, Salvatore Cannavò, Sebastiano Coglitore
Isolated left ventricular noncompaction is a recently recognized age-independent cardiac genetic disorder caused by heterogeneous defects in endo-myocardial morphogenesis. Transthoracic echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance are the most reliable techniques to make a diagnosis of the disease, noninvasively. Arrhythmic atrial and ventricular disorders have been reported in 20-50% of these patients. The morphological and functional findings are described in a young woman in whom the exclusive clinical sign of isolated ventricular noncompaction was an atrial parasystole...
March 2008: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Shinji Kinoshita, Takakazu Katoh, Yoshinori Tsujimura, Yoshihiko Sasaki
Electrocardiograms were taken from a 44-year-old man with irregular ventricular parasystole in whom pure parasystolic cycles without any intervening nonectopic QRS complexes were found. When a sinus impulse fell late in the parasystolic cycle, it hastened occurrence of the next parasystolic discharge. This suggested that type I second degree entrance block occurred in the re-entrant pathway containing the parasystolic focus. When a sinus impulse fell early in the parasystolic cycle, it delayed occurrence of the next parasystolic discharge...
March 2007: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Chikako Ono, Terunao Ashida, Takao Sugiyama, Jun Fujii, Kan Takayanagi
At the time of the first visit to our clinic, an electrocardiographic examination of a 73-year-old female patient revealed ventricular premature contractions (VPCs) with variable coupling intervals that were diagnosed as parasystole. Characteristically many of the parasystoles had no sinus contractions between two consecutive VPCs, which we referred to as pure parasystole. We first repeatedly examined variations in the length of the parasystolic cycles between January 6, 1997 and March 2, 2003 using electrocardiography...
January 2006: International Heart Journal
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