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Scientific communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238542/broadening-the-voice-of-science-promoting-scientific-communication-in-the-undergraduate-classroom
#1
Lauren A Cirino, Zachary Emberts, Paul N Joseph, Pablo E Allen, David Lopatto, Christine W Miller
Effective and accurate communication of scientific findings is essential. Unfortunately, scientists are not always well trained in how to best communicate their results with other scientists nor do all appreciate the importance of speaking with the public. Here, we provide an example of how the development of oral communication skills can be integrated with research experiences at the undergraduate level. We describe our experiences developing, running, and evaluating a course for undergraduates that complemented their existing undergraduate research experiences with instruction on the nature of science and intensive training on the development of science communication skills...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231445/-development-and-inheritance-of-zheng-s-acupuncture-school
#2
Runjie Sun, Liang Tian, Xiaoli Fang, Xiaoguang Qin, Qiaoyan Wu, Yingxue He, Fengxian Ji, Xitong Zhang, Xiaozheng Du
ZHENG's acupuncture school in Gansu,represented by ZHENG Yulin and ZHENG Kuishan,is of great influence in China. ZHENG's acupuncture school originated from Huangdi Neijing(Inner Canon of Yellow Emperor) and Nanjing(Classic of Questioning),and shaped around Yuan Dynasty and Ming Dynasty. Professor ZHENG Kuishan has formed a unique "ZHENG's acupuncture" diagnosis and treatment system by inheritance and innovation. He clinically paid attention to basic training,obtaining qi and keeping spirit,as well as syndrome differentiation,reinforcing and reducing...
March 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231439/-professor-lai-xinsheng-s-clinical-experience-in-the-treatment-of-premature-ovarian-failure-with-tongyuan-acupuncture-technique-and-chinese-herbal-medicine
#3
Xiaozhe Li, Sujuan Zhang
In the treatment of premature ovarian failure (POF), professor LAI Xinsheng focuses on the determination of syndrome to seek for etiology, associating with the differentiation of meridian and collateral and that of zangfu organs. Professor LAI believes that POF is mainly manifested as amenorrhea and infertility, localized in the kidney, with the dysfunction of liver, spleen and heart. It is impacted by many pathological factors, such as cold blockage, qi stagnation, blood stagnation, blood deficiency, yin deficiency, etc...
March 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226437/on-effective-graphic-communication-of-health-inequality-considerations-for-health-policy-researchers
#4
Yukiko Asada, Hannah Abel, Chris Skedgel, Grace Warner
Policy Points: Effective graphs can be a powerful tool in communicating health inequality. The choice of graphs is often based on preferences and familiarity rather than science. According to the literature on graph perception, effective graphs allow human brains to decode visual cues easily. Dot charts are easier to decode than bar charts, and thus they are more effective. Dot charts are a flexible and versatile way to display information about health inequality. Consistent with the health risk communication literature, the captions accompanying health inequality graphs should provide a numerical, explicitly calculated description of health inequality, expressed in absolute and relative terms, from carefully thought-out perspectives...
December 2017: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226230/new-paths-in-post-graduate-medical-training-in-general-practice-8-years-of-experience-with-the-pilot-project-verbundweiterbildungplus-baden-w%C3%A3-rttemberg
#5
Simon Schwill, Julia Magez, Stefanie Joos, Jost Steinhäuser, Thomas Ledig, Aline Rubik, Wilhelm Niebling, Joachim Szecsenyi, Elisabeth Flum
Background: In face of the looming shortage of general practitioners, primary healthcare providers and post-graduate training in general practice are increasingly becoming part of the political agenda in Germany. In 2009 the program "Verbundweiterbildung plus Baden-Württemberg" (VWB plus BW) was developed by the Competence Center for General Practice in Baden-Wuerttemberg to ensure primary healthcare in the future by enhancing the attractiveness of general medicine. This paper describes the experiences that have been gathered in developing a post-graduate training-program for physicians undergoing specialist training in general practice...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225112/fisetin-a-bioactive-phytochemical-with-potential-for-cancer-prevention-and-pharmacotherapy
#6
REVIEW
Dharambir Kashyap, Ajay Sharma, Katrin Sak, Hardeep Singh Tuli, Harpal Singh Buttar, Anupam Bishayee
A wide variety of chronic diseases, such as neurodegenerative and cardiovascular disorders, diabetes mellitus, osteoarthtitis, obesity and various cancers, are now being treated with cost effective phytomedicines. Since synthetic medicines are very expensive, concerted efforts are being made in developing and poor countries to discover cost effective medicines for the treatment of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Understanding the underlying mechanisms of bioactive medicines from natural sources would not only open incipient avenues for the scientific community and pharmaceutical industry to discover new drug molecules for the therapy of NCDs, but also help to garner knowledge for alternative therapeutic approaches for the management of chronic diseases...
December 7, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217965/guidance-for-the-clinical-management-of-thirdhand-smoke-exposure-in-the-child-health-care-setting
#7
Jeremy E Drehmer, Bethany Hipple Walters, Emara Nabi-Burza, Jonathan P Winickoff
Objective: To explain the concept of thirdhand smoke and how it can be used to protect the health of children and improve delivery of tobacco control interventions for parents in the child health care setting. Methods: Review of the literature and descriptive report. Results: The thirdhand smoke concept has been used in the CEASE intervention to improve the delivery of tobacco control counseling and services to parents. Materials and techniques have been developed for the child health care setting that use the concept of thirdhand smoke...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Outcomes Management: JCOM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214932/-students-having-parents-with-mental-health-issues-and-teachers-mental-health-literacy
#8
Dirk Bruland, Katharina Kornblum, Stefanie Harsch, Janine Bröder, Orkan Okan, Ullrich Bauer
Students Having Parents with Mental Health Issues and Teachers' Mental Health Literacy Mental health issues of parents of school children often negatively affects the children as well, including their school performance and social behavior in the school setting. Teachers are then required to take actions with regards to supporting children in their coping with and mastering of their home situation and their responds to educational demands. As such, schools' and teachers' actions can either support affected children and fulfill a protective function or respond inappropriately, with negative impact on the affected children...
December 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213519/language-and-communication-non-pharmacological-interventions-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-a-systematic-review-communication-intervention-in-alzheimer
#9
Aline Nunes da Cruz Morello, Tatiane Machado Lima, Lenisa Brandão
Alzheimer's disease considerably compromises communication skills. Language changes become more prominent as the disease progresses. Deterioration of language and cognition reduces the ability of holding conversations, which has a negative impact on social interaction. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of the literature for articles reporting interventions focused on the language and communication of people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) without use of medication. METHODS: We performed a search using the keywords Alzheimer's disease, language, communication, cognition, cognitive intervention, rehabilitation and therapy, and their corresponding Portuguese and Spanish terms, on the SciELO, LILACS, PubMed and PsychINFO databases...
July 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212555/study-partners-should-be-required-in-preclinical-alzheimer-s-disease-trials
#10
REVIEW
Joshua D Grill, Jason Karlawish
BACKGROUND: In an effort to intervene earlier in Alzheimer's disease (AD), clinical trials are testing promising candidate therapies in preclinical disease. Preclinical AD trial participants are cognitively normal, functionally independent, and autonomous decision-makers. Yet, like AD dementia trials, preclinical trials require dual enrollment of a participant and a knowledgeable informant, or study partner. MAIN TEXT: The requirement of dyadic enrollment is a barrier to recruitment and may present unique ethical challenges...
December 6, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211171/nursing-team-family-and-hospitalized-child-interaction-an-integrative-review
#11
Adriano Valério Dos Santos Azevêdo, Antônio Carlos Lançoni, Maria Aparecida Crepaldi
This study aims to present an integrative review of national and international scientific papers on nursing team, family, and hospitalized child interaction. Searches have been made to Bireme, Lilacs, Medline, IBECS, Psyc Info, Science Direct and Web of Science (2008-2013) databases, which allowed us to identify 31 papers represented by the following themes: Interpersonal relationship, Communication and Care. The establishment of interpersonal relationships in a technical and formal way causes difficulty in communication and in the actions aimed at providing care...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208508/scientific-evidence-on-the-links-between-periodontal-diseases-and-diabetes-consensus-report-and-guidelines-of-the-joint-workshop-on-periodontal-diseases-and-by-the-international-diabetes-federation-and-the-european-federation-of-periodontology
#12
Mariano Sanz, Antonio Ceriello, Martin Buysschaert, Iain Chapple, Ryan T Demmer, Filippo Graziani, David Herrera, Søren Jepsen, Luca Lione, Phoebus Madianos, Manu Mathur, Eduard Montanya, Lior Shapira, Maurizio Tonetti, Daniel Vegh
BACKGROUND: Diabetes and periodontitis are chronic non-communicable diseases independently associated with mortality and have a bidirectional relationship. AIMS: To update the evidence for their epidemiological and mechanistic associations and re-examine the impact of effective periodontal therapy upon metabolic control (glycated haemoglobin, HbA1C). EPIDEMIOLOGY: There is strong evidence that people with periodontitis have elevated risk for dysglycaemia and insulin resistance...
December 2, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204714/comprehensive-profiling-of-functional-attributes-virulence-potential-and-evolutionary-dynamics-in-mycobacterial-secretomes
#13
Ayan Roy, Arnab Sen, Sourav Chakrobarty, Indrani Sarkar
Mycobacterium is an interesting genus which not only includes intimidating pathogens, associated with severe devastations globally, but also comprises of non-pathogenic eco-friendly members that detoxify environmental pollutants. Secretory proteins of the mycobacterial communities are essential components which are firmly believed to facilitate proper cross-talk and apt communication with host cellular surroundings and environmental niche. Secretory elements also play vital roles in mycobacterial pathogenesis...
December 4, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202313/comparing-interprofessional-and-interorganizational-collaboration-in-healthcare-a-systematic-review-of-the-qualitative-research
#14
REVIEW
Marlène Karam, Isabelle Brault, Thérèse Van Durme, Jean Macq
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional and interorganizational collaboration have become important components of a well-functioning healthcare system, all the more so given limited financial resources, aging populations, and comorbid chronic diseases. The nursing role in working alongside other healthcare professionals is critical. By their leadership, nurses can create a culture that encourages values and role models that favour collaborative work within a team context. OBJECTIVES: To clarify the specific features of conceptual frameworks of interprofessional and interorganizational collaboration in the healthcare field...
November 11, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196427/development-of-a-biological-science-quantitative-reasoning-exam-biosquare
#15
Liz Stanhope, Laura Ziegler, Tabassum Haque, Laura Le, Marcelo Vinces, Gregory K Davis, Andrew Zieffler, Peter Brodfuehrer, Marion Preest, Jason M Belitsky, Charles Umbanhowar, Paul J Overvoorde
Multiple reports highlight the increasingly quantitative nature of biological research and the need to innovate means to ensure that students acquire quantitative skills. We present a tool to support such innovation. The Biological Science Quantitative Reasoning Exam (BioSQuaRE) is an assessment instrument designed to measure the quantitative skills of undergraduate students within a biological context. The instrument was developed by an interdisciplinary team of educators and aligns with skills included in national reports such as BIO2010, Scientific Foundations for Future Physicians, and Vision and Change Undergraduate biology educators also confirmed the importance of items included in the instrument...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196278/discrepancies-between-classic-and-digital-epidemiology-in-searching-for-the-mayaro-virus-preliminary-qualitative-and-quantitative-analysis-of-google-trends
#16
Mohammad Adawi, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Abdulla Watad, Kassem Sharif, Howard Amital, Naim Mahroum
BACKGROUND: Mayaro virus (MAYV), first discovered in Trinidad in 1954, is spread by the Haemagogus mosquito. Small outbreaks have been described in the past in the Amazon jungles of Brazil and other parts of South America. Recently, a case was reported in rural Haiti. OBJECTIVE: Given the emerging importance of MAYV, we aimed to explore the feasibility of exploiting a Web-based tool for monitoring and tracking MAYV cases. METHODS: Google Trends is an online tracking system...
December 1, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195312/introduction-to-focus-issue-time-delay-dynamics
#17
Thomas Erneux, Julien Javaloyes, Matthias Wolfrum, Serhiy Yanchuk
The field of dynamical systems with time delay is an active research area that connects practically all scientific disciplines including mathematics, physics, engineering, biology, neuroscience, physiology, economics, and many others. This Focus Issue brings together contributions from both experimental and theoretical groups and emphasizes a large variety of applications. In particular, lasers and optoelectronic oscillators subject to time-delayed feedbacks have been explored by several authors for their specific dynamical output, but also because they are ideal test-beds for experimental studies of delay induced phenomena...
November 2017: Chaos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193521/assembly-of-insect-hormone-enthusiasts-at-nasu-highland-japan-report-of-the-3rd-international-insect-hormone-21st-ecdysone-workshop
#18
Ryusuke Niwa, Takashi Nishimura
The 3rd International Insect Hormone (21st Ecdysone) Workshop (IIHW2017) was held in July 2017 at Nasu Highland, Japan. In the 40 years of the workshop's history, this was the first to be held in an Asian country. A total of 109 insect hormone researchers from 18 countries (62 overseas and 47 domestic participants) attended IIHW2017. During the workshop, all participants stayed on-site at the venue's hotel; this was ideal for fostering communication between participants, in particular, interactions between principal investigators and young scientists...
November 29, 2017: Genes to Cells: Devoted to Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191647/defining-and-identifying-concepts-of-medication-literacy-an-international-perspective
#19
Annie Pouliot, Régis Vaillancourt, Danielle Stacey, Philippe Suter
BACKGROUND: Multiple concepts to define health literacy in the context of medication use exist, such as medication literacy, pharmacotherapy literacy, pharmacy health literacy; however, no studies have looked at consensus among experts internationally. METHOD: A Delphi process was used to achieve consensus on the statements about medication literacy. Experts for the Delphi were selected from a review of the literature and suggestions from an international survey conducted with members of the International Pharmaceutical Federation on medication literacy...
November 8, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191125/the-2017-aans-presidential-address-a-world-of-innovation
#20
Frederick A Boop
The 2016 scientific meeting of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) focused on the theme "A World of Innovation." In his presidential address, 2016 AANS President Frederick Boop compared the historical development of the specialty of neurological surgery with that of the development of global communications. In the early years, general surgeons training in the United States would spend post-residency time abroad learning from surgical masters in Europe and other places. Since Harvey Cushing's day, neurosurgeons from around the world continue to travel abroad, with many now coming to America for training at centers of excellence...
December 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
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