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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051918/effects-of-ensemble-and-summary-displays-on-interpretations-of-geospatial-uncertainty-data
#1
Lace M Padilla, Ian T Ruginski, Sarah H Creem-Regehr
Ensemble and summary displays are two widely used methods to represent visual-spatial uncertainty; however, there is disagreement about which is the most effective technique to communicate uncertainty to the general public. Visualization scientists create ensemble displays by plotting multiple data points on the same Cartesian coordinate plane. Despite their use in scientific practice, it is more common in public presentations to use visualizations of summary displays, which scientists create by plotting statistical parameters of the ensemble members...
2017: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048923/protocol-design-for-large-scale-cross-sectional-studies-of-surveillance-of-risk-factors-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-iran-steps-2016
#2
Shirin Djalalinia, Mitra Modirian, Ali Sheidaei, Moein Yoosefi, Hossein Zokaiee, Bahman Damirchilu, Zohreh Mahmoudi, Negar Mahmoudi, Mohammad Javad Hajipour, Niloofar Peykari, Nazila Rezaei, Rosa Haghshenas, Mohammad Hossein Mohammadi, Alireza Delavari, Mohammad Mehdi Gouya, Shohreh Naderimagham, Ahmad Kousha, Alireza Moghisi, Alireza Mahdavihezaveh, Kambiz Abachizadeh, Reza Majdzadeh, Ali Akbar Sayyari, Reza Malekzadeh, Bagher Larijani, Farshad Farzadfar
INTRODUCTION: The rise in non-communicable diseases (NCDs) has gained increasing attention. There is a great need for reliable data to address such problems. Here, we describe the development of a comprehensive set of executive and scientific protocols and instructions of STEPs 2016. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a large-scale cross-sectional study of Surveillance of Risk Factors of NCDs in Iran. Through systematic proportional to size cluster random sampling, 31,050 participants enrolled in three sequential processes, of completing questionnaires; physical measurements, and lab assessment...
September 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048259/tracings-of-the-north-of-europe-robert-chambers-in-search-of-the-ice-age
#3
Geir Hestmark
Scottish publisher and naturalist Robert Chambers pursued an amateur interest in geology through much of his life. His early measurements of raised beaches in Scotland earned him membership in the Geological Society of London in 1844, a recognition much appreciated by the anonymous author of the 'scandalous' Vestiges published the same year. Although familiar with emerging ice age theories, Chambers remained with most British geologists a sceptic through the 1840s, even after a trip to the glaciers of the Alps in 1848, which nevertheless prepared him for the turning point, which came in 1849 during an extensive field trip in Norway and Sweden...
October 19, 2017: Annals of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045589/standardization-of-adult-transthoracic-echocardiography-reporting-in-agreement-with-recent-chamber-quantification-diastolic-function-and-heart-valve-disease-recommendations-an-expert-consensus-document-of-the-european-association-of-cardiovascular-imaging
#4
Maurizio Galderisi, Bernard Cosyns, Thor Edvardsen, Nuno Cardim, Victoria Delgado, Giovanni Di Salvo, Erwan Donal, Leyla Elif Sade, Laura Ernande, Madalina Garbi, Julia Grapsa, Andreas Hagendorff, Otto Kamp, Julien Magne, Ciro Santoro, Alexandros Stefanidis, Patrizio Lancellotti, Bogdan Popescu, Gilbert Habib
Aims: This European Association Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) Expert Consensus document aims at defining the main quantitative information on cardiac structure and function that needs to be included in standard echocardiographic report following recent ASE/EACVI chamber quantification, diastolic function, and heart valve disease recommendations. The document focuses on general reporting and specific pathological conditions such as heart failure, coronary artery and valvular heart disease, cardiomyopathies, and systemic diseases...
October 17, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043776/art-advancing-science-filmmaking-leads-to-molecular-insights-at-the-nanoscale
#5
Charles Reilly, Donald E Ingber
Many have recognized the potential value of facilitating activities that span the art-science interface for the benefit of society; however, there are few examples that demonstrate how pursuit of an artistic agenda can lead to scientific insights. Here, we describe how we set out to produce an entertaining short film depicting the fertilization of the egg by sperm as a parody of a preview for another Star Wars movie to excite the public about science, but ended up developing a simulation tool for multiscale modeling...
October 18, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043072/expanding-the-chemical-information-science-gateway
#6
EDITORIAL
Jürgen Bajorath
Broadly defined, chemical information science (CIS) covers chemical structure and data analysis including biological activity data as well as processing, organization, and retrieval of any form of chemical information. The CIS Gateway (CISG) of F1000Research was created to communicate research involving the entire spectrum of chemical information, including chem(o)informatics. CISG provides a forum for high-quality publications and a meaningful alternative to conventional journals. This gateway is supported by leading experts in the field recognizing the need for open science and a flexible publication platform enabling off-the-beaten path contributions...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040493/releasing-the-geni-integrating-authentic-microbial-genomics-research-into-the-classroom-through-geni-act
#7
Karobi Moitra
The integration of genomics research into the undergraduate biology curriculum provides students with the opportunity to become familiar with bioinformatics tools and answer original research questions. Our purpose with this research project was to upscale the research experience through integration with classroom experience giving students access to authentic research projects. Students annotated 60 predicted ABC genes of Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus and Methanobacterium sp. SWAN-1 and they were required to present a research poster to demonstrate their understanding of the project...
October 11, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035960/web-based-therapeutic-interventions-for-assessing-managing-and-treating-health-conditions-in-indigenous-people-a-scoping-review-protocol
#8
Odette Gibson, Rachel Reilly, Stephen Harfield, Catalin Tufanaru, James Ward
The objective of the scoping review is to map the international scientific literature on web-based therapeutic interventions (WBTI) used by Indigenous people for assessing, managing and treating health conditions. The focus of this review is WBTIs for a broad range of health conditions, including but not limited to, communicable and non-communicable diseases, mental health conditions (including the broader concept of social and emotional wellbeing), use of harmful substances and gambling.The questions for the scoping review are...
October 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031468/gunslingers-poker-players-and-chickens-1-decision-making-under-physical-performance-pressure-in-elite-athletes
#9
Beth L Parkin, Katie Warriner, Vincent Walsh
BACKGROUND: The cognitive skills required during sport are highly demanding; accurate decisions based on the processing of dynamic environments are made in a fraction of a second (Walsh, 2014). Optimal decision-making abilities are crucial for success in sporting competition (Bar-Eli et al., 2011; Kaya, 2014). Moreover, for the elite athlete, decision making is required under conditions of intense mental and physical pressure (Anshel and Wells, 2000), yet much of the work in this area has largely ignored the highly stressful context in which athletes operate...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030423/graphics-and-statistics-for-cardiology-designing-effective-tables-for-presentation-and-publication
#10
REVIEW
Maarten Boers
Research is of little use if its results are not effectively communicated. Data visualised in tables (and graphs) are key components in any scientific report, but their design leaves much to be desired. This article focuses on table design, following two general principles: clear vision and clear understanding. Clear vision is achieved by maximising the signal to noise ratio. In a table, the signal is the data in the form of numbers, and the noise is the support structure necessary to interpret the numbers...
October 13, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021938/are-brazilian-behavior-analysts-publishing-outside-the-box-a-survey-of-general-science-media
#11
Rodrigo Dal Ben, Fernanda Castanho Calixto, André Luiz Ferreira
Recent studies have stressed the importance of disseminating behavior analysis to a more diverse audience and have provided ways to do so effectively. General science publications offer an attractive venue for communicating with a scientifically educated public. The present study examines behavior analysis research published in Science Today and Research Fapesp, monthly general science publications published by the Brazilian Society for the Advancement of Science and São Paulo Research Foundation, respectively...
September 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020642/cbit-a-transcriptomics-database-for-innovative-biomaterial-engineering
#12
Dennie G A J Hebels, Aurélie Carlier, Maarten L J Coonen, Daniël H Theunissen, Jan de Boer
Creating biomaterials that are suited for clinical application is still hampered by a lack of understanding of the interaction between a cell and the biomaterial surface it grows on. This surface communication can strongly impact cellular behavior, which in turn affects the chances of a successful interaction between a material and the host tissue. Transcriptomics data have previously been linked to measurements of biomaterial properties in order to explain the biological mechanisms underlying these cell-biomaterial interactions...
October 3, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018547/a-devil-s-dictionary-for-mental-health
#13
EDITORIAL
Philip Timms
Clinical psychiatry, for all its emphasis on scientific rigour, is mediated mainly by words rather than by numbers. As with other professional areas, it has developed its own set of jargon words and phrases. Many of these are not the technical terms traditionally seen as jargon, but standard English words and phrases used in an idiosyncratic way. They therefore go unnoticed as jargon, while enfeebling our communications. I have used the template of Ambrose Bierce's The Devil's Dictionary to highlight some examples, with the aim of helping us all to talk, write and, perhaps, think more clearly...
October 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018516/is-there-a-future-for-remote-cardiac-implantable-electronic-device-management
#14
Haran Burri
In the era of communication technology, remote monitoring has been a paradigm shift in the way patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices are managed. It has been endorsed by scientific societies and is being increasingly adopted in the clinical setting. Despite the various advantages associated with this strategy, data on improved clinical outcome are still sparse. The recently published study on the remote management of heart failure using implanted devices and formalised follow-up procedures, which turned out to be negative, has cast doubt on whether remote monitoring should still be used...
August 2017: Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017856/planning-an-innovation-marathon-at-an-infectious-disease-conference-with-results-from-the-imed-2016-hackathon
#15
John W Ramatowski, Christopher Xiang Lee, Aikaterini Mantzavino, João Ribas, Winter Guerra, Nicholas D Preston, Eva Schernhammer, Lawrence C Madoff, Britta Lassmann
A hackathon is best described as an "innovation marathon." Derived from the words "hacking" and "marathon," it brings together multi-disciplinary teams to collaborate intensely over a short period of time to define a problem, devise a solution, and design a working prototype. International scientific meetings are conducive to successful hackathons, providing an audience of expert professionals who describe challenges and ensure the proposed solutions address end-user needs. Collaborations with local organizations and academic centers are crucial to attracting complementary specialties such as IT advisors, engineers, and entrepreneurs to develop sustainable projects...
October 7, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017361/haptic-assistive-technologies-for-audition-and-vision-sensory-disabilities
#16
Francesca Sorgini, Renato Caliò, Maria Chiara Carrozza, Calogero Maria Oddo
PURPOSE: The aim of this review is to analyze haptic sensory substitution technologies for deaf, blind and deaf-blind individuals. METHOD: The literature search has been performed in Scopus, PubMed and Google Scholar databases using selected keywords, analyzing studies from 1960s to present. Search on databases for scientific publications has been accompanied by web search for commercial devices. Results have been classified by sensory disability and functionality, and analyzed by assistive technology...
October 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016678/can-editors-save-peer-review-from-peer-reviewers
#17
Rafael D'Andrea, James P O'Dwyer
Peer review is the gold standard for scientific communication, but its ability to guarantee the quality of published research remains difficult to verify. Recent modeling studies suggest that peer review is sensitive to reviewer misbehavior, and it has been claimed that referees who sabotage work they perceive as competition may severely undermine the quality of publications. Here we examine which aspects of suboptimal reviewing practices most strongly impact quality, and test different mitigating strategies that editors may employ to counter them...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994604/national-awareness-campaign-to-prevent-medication-overuse-headache-in-denmark
#18
Louise Ninett Carlsen, Maria Lurenda Westergaard, Mette Bisgaard, Julie Brogaard Schytz, Rigmor Højland Jensen
Background Medication-overuse headache is prevalent, but in principle preventable. Objective To describe the Danish national awareness campaign for medication-overuse headache. Methods The Danish Headache Center, the Association of Danish Pharmacies, and headache patient organizations implemented a four-month medication-overuse headache awareness campaign in 2016. Target groups were the general public, general practitioners, and pharmacists. Key messages were: Overuse of pain-medication can worsen headaches; pain-medication should be used rationally; and medication-overuse headache is treatable...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986822/global-spread-of-hemorrhagic-fever-viruses-predicting-pandemics
#19
Jean-Paul Gonzalez, Marc Souris, Willy Valdivia-Granda
As successive epidemics have swept the world, the scientific community has quickly learned from them about the emergence and transmission of communicable diseases. Epidemics usually occur when health systems are unprepared. During an unexpected epidemic, health authorities engage in damage control, fear drives action, and the desire to understand the threat is greatest. As humanity recovers, policy-makers seek scientific expertise to improve their "preparedness" to face future events.Global spread of disease is exemplified by the spread of yellow fever from Africa to the Americas, by the spread of dengue fever through transcontinental migration of mosquitos, by the relentless influenza virus pandemics, and, most recently, by the unexpected emergence of Ebola virus, spread by motorbike and long haul carriers...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983285/microbiota-of-chronic-diabetic-wounds-ecology-impact-and-potential-for-innovative-treatment-strategies
#20
REVIEW
Sónia G Pereira, João Moura, Eugénia Carvalho, Nuno Empadinhas
World Health Organization considered diabetes as one of the 20th century epidemics, estimating that over 10% of the world population is diabetic or at high risk. Self-assessment studies indicate that diabetic patients consider chronic wounds to affect their quality of life more dramatically than vision loss or renal failure. In addition to being the main reason for diabetic patients' hospitalization, the economic burden of diabetic chronic wounds is close to 1% of United Kingdom and United States health systems budgets, which exceeds the funds allocated to the treatment of some types of cancer in both countries...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
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