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Scientific communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679206/injury-prevention-and-return-to-play-strategies-in-elite-football-no-consent-between-players-and-team-coaches
#1
Oliver Loose, Leonard Achenbach, Birgit Fellner, Jennifer Lehmann, Petra Jansen, Michael Nerlich, Peter Angele, Werner Krutsch
INTRODUCTION: Injuries are a common problem in football. To improve prevention strategies, the players' (p) and coaches' (c) views need to be disclosed as they have a strong impact on return to play decisions. The aim of this study is to reveal current opinions with regard to injury prevention and return to play strategies to introduce new strategies in elite football. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective data analysis of elite salaried football players (n = 486) and team coaches (n = 88), a detailed investigation by means of a standardized questionnaire was carried out...
April 20, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678617/uncertain-times-a-survey-of-canadian-women-s-perspectives-toward-mammography-screening
#2
Julia Abelson, Laura Tripp, Melissa C Brouwers, Gregory Pond, Jonathan Sussman
Evolving scientific evidence about mammography has raised new questions about the net benefits of organized screening, yet gaps remain about women's current screening practices, knowledge, attitudes and values toward screening to support informed decision making in this area. We addressed this gap through an online survey of 2000 screen-eligible women from Ontario, Canada in January 2016. Likert-scaled and categorical questions were used to collect information about screening practices, knowledge of benefits and risks of screening and underlying attitudes and values toward screening...
April 17, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677919/from-data-extraction-to-analysis-proposal-of-a-methodology-to-optimize-hospital-data-reuse-process
#3
Antoine Lamer, Grégoire Ficheur, Louis Rousselet, Marine van Berleere, Emmanuel Chazard, Alexandre Caron
In the Lille University Hospital (North of France), data from the Anesthesia Information Management System (Diane® are linked to the Hospital Information System and stored in a dedicated data warehouse since 2010. These electronic medical records need to be reused and analyzed for observational studies. The aim of this paper is to describe the framework developed to structure the operation of that anesthesia data warehouse for research purposes. The presented framework is structured around three meetings between clinicians, computer scientists, and statisticians...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676609/generation-of-life-in-a-test-tube-albert-szent-gyorgyi-bruno-straub-and-the-discovery-of-actin
#4
Jack A Rall
This is a story about a great scientist, luck, great discovery that changed the future direction of muscle research, war, a clandestine war mission, postwar politics, and an attempt to rewrite scientific history. Albert Szent-Gyorgyi, at 44 yr of age, won the Nobel Prize in 1937 for his work on vitamin C and the establishment of the groundwork of the citric acid cycle. He now wanted to investigate one of the fundamental aspects of life and settled on the study of muscle contraction. The Szent-Gyorgyi laboratory in Hungary during World War II demonstrated that contraction could be reproduced in vitro by threads consisting of just two proteins, myosin and the newly discovered protein by Bruno Straub that they called actin...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675498/new-frontiers-for-information-and-communication-technologies-in-scientific-publishing
#5
EDITORIAL
Filippo Boniforti, Giuseppe Milano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675411/cyberbiosecurity-an-emerging-new-discipline-to-help-safeguard-the-bioeconomy
#6
Randall S Murch, William K So, Wallace G Buchholz, Sanjay Raman, Jean Peccoud
Cyberbiosecurity is being proposed as a formal new enterprise which encompasses cybersecurity, cyber-physical security and biosecurity as applied to biological and biomedical-based systems. In recent years, an array of important meetings and public discussions, commentaries and publications have occurred that highlight numerous vulnerabilities. While necessary first steps, they do not provide a systematized structure for effectively promoting communication, education and training, elucidation and prioritization for analysis, research, development, test and evaluation and implementation of scientific, technological, standards of practice, policy, or even regulatory or legal considerations for protecting the bioeconomy...
2018: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669396/discordance-between-population-impact-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-and-scientific-interest-a-bibliometric-study
#7
Anthony V Perruccio, Calvin Yip, J Denise Power, Mayilee Canizares, Elizabeth M Badley
OBJECTIVE: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are a leading cause of healthy years lost due to premature mortality and disability. Our objective was to investigate whether MSDs were commensurably represented within the published health literature. METHODS: MEDLINE bibliometric data were retrieved for 2016 and 2011. The 25 disease branches, including MSDs, were ranked according to published paper counts, proportion of all publications, and increase in publications from 2011 to 2016...
April 18, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666750/tweet-success-scientific-communication-correlates-with-increased-citations-in-ecology-and-conservation
#8
Clayton T Lamb, Sophie L Gilbert, Adam T Ford
Science communication is seen as critical for the disciplines of ecology and conservation, where research products are often used to shape policy and decision making. Scientists are increasing their online media communication, via social media and news. Such media engagement has been thought to influence or predict traditional metrics of scholarship, such as citation rates. Here, we measure the association between citation rates and the Altmetric Attention Score-an indicator of the amount and reach of the attention an article has received-along with other forms of bibliometric performance (year published, journal impact factor, and article type)...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666141/examining-the-effectiveness-of-consuming-flour-made-from-agronomically-biofortified-wheat-zincol-2016-nr-421-for-improving-zn-status-in-women-in-a-low-resource-setting-in-pakistan-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-double-blind-controlled-cross-over-trial-bizifed
#9
Nicola M Lowe, Muhammad Jaffar Khan, Martin R Broadley, Munir H Zia, Harry J McArdle, Edward J M Joy, Heather Ohly, Babar Shahzad, Ubaid Ullah, Gul Kabana, Rashid Medhi, Mukhtiar Zaman Afridi
INTRODUCTION: Dietary zinc (Zn) deficiency is a global problem, particularly in low-income and middle-income countries where access to rich, animal-source foods of Zn is limited due to poverty. In Pakistan, Zn deficiency affects over 40% of the adult female population, resulting in suboptimal immune status and increased likelihood of complications during pregnancy. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We are conducting a double-blind, randomised controlled feeding study with cross-over design in a low-resource setting in Pakistan...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665713/a-clockwork-wikipedia-from-a-broad-perspective-to-a-case-study
#10
Omer Benjakob, Rona Aviram
While research has shown that scientists use Wikipedia and that scientific content on Wikipedia ramifies back into scientific literature, many questions remain on how the two sides interact and through what paradigm this dynamic may be best understood. Using the circadian clock field as a case study, we discuss this scientific field's representation on Wikipedia. We traced the changes made to the articles for "Circadian clock" and "Circadian rhythm" and reviewed the debates that informed them over a span of a decade, using Wikipedia's native and third-party tools...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659689/perspective-total-added-or-free-what-kind-of-sugars-should-we-be-talking-about
#11
David J Mela, Elizabeth M Woolner
There is consistent public guidance to limit sugars intakes. However, WHO recommendations are for "free" sugars, whereas some other guidance documents and public discussion focus on "added" sugars, and globally most food labeling states "total" sugars. Total sugars comprise all mono- and disaccharides, regardless of source, whereas both added and free sugars exclude the sugars that naturally occur in dairy products and intact fruit and vegetables. Definitions of added and free sugars differ mainly in their respective exclusion or inclusion of sugars in juiced or pureed fruit and vegetables...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651421/when-the-nose-doesn-t-know-canine-olfactory-function-associated-with-health-management-and-potential-links-to-microbiota
#12
REVIEW
Eileen K Jenkins, Mallory T DeChant, Erin B Perry
The impact of health, management, and microbiota on olfactory function in canines has not been examined in review. The most important characteristic of the detection canine is its sense of smell. Olfactory receptors are primarily located on the ethmoturbinates of the nasal cavity. The vomeronasal organ is an additional site of odor detection that detects chemical signals that stimulate behavioral and/or physiological changes. Recent advances in the genetics of olfaction suggest that genetic changes, along with the unique anatomy and airflow of the canine nose, are responsible for the macrosmia of the species...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650539/a-call-for-more-science-in-forensic-science
#13
Suzanne Bell, Sunita Sah, Thomas D Albright, S James Gates, M Bonner Denton, Arturo Casadevall
Forensic science is critical to the administration of justice. The discipline of forensic science is remarkably complex and includes methodologies ranging from DNA analysis to chemical composition to pattern recognition. Many forensic practices developed under the auspices of law enforcement and were vetted primarily by the legal system rather than being subjected to scientific scrutiny and empirical testing. Beginning in the 1990s, exonerations based on DNA-related methods revealed problems with some forensic disciplines, leading to calls for major reforms...
April 12, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650499/evaluation-of-research-in-india-are-we-doing-it-right
#14
Muthu Madhan, Subbiah Gunasekaran, Subbiah Arunachalam
The evaluation of performance in scientific research at any level - whether at the individual, institutional, research council or country level - is not easy. Traditionally, research evaluation at the individual and institutional levels has depended largely on peer opinion, but with the rapid growth of science over the last century and the availability of databases and scientometric techniques, quantitative indicators have gained importance. Both peer review and metrics are subject to flaws, more so in India because of the way they are used...
March 23, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648962/communication-of-scientific-uncertainty-about-a-novel-pandemic-health-threat-ambiguity-aversion-and-its-mechanisms
#15
Paul K J Han, Brian J Zikmund-Fisher, Christine W Duarte, Megan Knaus, Adam Black, Aaron M Scherer, Angela Fagerlin
Communicating scientific uncertainty about public health threats is ethically desirable but challenging due to its tendency to promote avoidance of choice options with unknown probabilities-a phenomenon known as "ambiguity aversion." This study examined this phenomenon's potential magnitude, its responses to different communication strategies, and its mechanisms. In a factorial experiment, 2701 adult laypersons in Spain read one of three versions of a hypothetical newspaper article describing a pandemic vaccine-preventable disease (VPD), but varying in scientific uncertainty about VPD risk and vaccine effectiveness: No-Uncertainty, Uncertainty, and Normalized-Uncertainty (emphasizing its expected nature)...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648696/how-to-design-an-outstanding-poster
#16
Rita Gemayel
Poster sessions are an important forum for getting feedback on your results and engaging with the scientific community. In this instalment of the Words of Advice series, we provide you with a guide to designing an outstanding poster and offer tips on how to effectively communicate your results using your poster.
April 2018: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648605/lexical-analysis-suggests-differences-between-subgroups-in-anxieties-over-radiation-exposure-in-fukushima
#17
Arifumi Hasegawa, Manami Takahashi, Mami Nemoto, Takashi Ohba, Chieri Yamada, Shiro Matsui, Mitsuko Fujino, Kenichi Satoh
Although many experts have attempted communication about radiation risk, fears about radiation exposure stemming from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident remain deeply rooted. The characteristics of the anxiety vary with social background, which makes it difficult to alleviate with one approach. Our ultimate goal is therefore to create risk-communication materials tailored to various groups with differing social backgrounds. Towards that end, the purpose of the present study was to clarify potential factors associated with radiation-related anxieties within these groups...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642712/methodological-advances-opportunities-and-challenges-in-aac-research
#18
Jennifer Kent-Walsh, Cathy Binger
Since its inception in 1985, the AAC journal has been publishing scientific articles related to the field of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) that (a) report research concerning assessment, treatment, rehabilitation, and education of people who use or have the potential to use AAC systems and (b) cover theory, technology, and systems development relevant to AAC. The journal has maintained a consistent focus on the science and practice of AAC while also advancing in varied and impressive ways...
April 12, 2018: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628000/preprints-what-role-do-these-have-in-communicating-scientific-results
#19
Susan A Elmore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Toxicologic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627160/tackling-socioeconomic-inequalities-and-non-communicable-diseases-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-under-the-sustainable-development-agenda
#20
REVIEW
Louis W Niessen, Diwakar Mohan, Jonathan K Akuoku, Andrew J Mirelman, Sayem Ahmed, Tracey P Koehlmoos, Antonio Trujillo, Jahangir Khan, David H Peters
Five Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set targets that relate to the reduction of health inequalities nationally and worldwide. These targets are poverty reduction, health and wellbeing for all, equitable education, gender equality, and reduction of inequalities within and between countries. The interaction between inequalities and health is complex: better economic and educational outcomes for households enhance health, low socioeconomic status leads to chronic ill health, and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) reduce income status of households...
April 4, 2018: Lancet
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