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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640889/contrasting-academic-and-lay-press-print-coverage-of-the-2013-2016-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak
#1
Mark D Kieh, Elim M Cho, Ian A Myles
Under a traditional paradigm, only those with the expected background knowledge consume academic literature. The lay press, as well as government and non-government agencies, play a complementary role of extracting findings of high interest or importance and translating them for general viewing. The need for accurate reporting and public advising is paramount when attempting to tackle epidemic outbreaks through behavior change. Yet, public trust in media outlets is at a historic low. The Crisis and Emergency Risk Communication (CERC) model for media reporting on public health emergencies was established in 2005 and has subsequently been used to analyze media reporting on outbreaks of influenza and measles as well as smoking habits and medication compliance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636619/what-do-computer-scientists-tweet-analyzing-the-link-sharing-practice-on-twitter
#2
Marco Schmitt, Robert Jäschke
Twitter communication has permeated every sphere of society. To highlight and share small pieces of information with possibly vast audiences or small circles of the interested has some value in almost any aspect of social life. But what is the value exactly for a scientific field? We perform a comprehensive study of computer scientists using Twitter and their tweeting behavior concerning the sharing of web links. Discerning the domains, hosts and individual web pages being tweeted and the differences between computer scientists and a Twitter sample enables us to look in depth at the Twitter-based information sharing practices of a scientific community...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636419/poison-or-prevention-understanding-the-linkages-between-vaccine-negative-individuals-knowledge-deficiency-motivations-and-active-communication-behaviors
#3
Arunima Krishna
The last few decades have seen growing concerns among parents regarding the safety of childhood vaccines, arguably leading to the rise of the anti-vaccine movement. This study is an effort to understand situational and cross-situational factors that influence individuals' negative attitudes toward vaccines, referred to as vaccine negativity. In doing so, this study elucidated how situational and cross-situational factors influence vaccine negativity. Specifically, this study tested how knowledge deficiency, or acceptance of scientifically inaccurate data about vaccines, and institutional trust influenced negative attitudes toward vaccines...
June 21, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635122/sketching-the-invisible-to-predict-the-visible-from-drawing-to-modeling-in-chemistry
#4
Melanie M Cooper, Mike Stieff, Dane DeSutter
Sketching as a scientific practice goes beyond the simple act of inscribing diagrams onto paper. Scientists produce a wide range of representations through sketching, as it is tightly coupled to model-based reasoning. Chemists in particular make extensive use of sketches to reason about chemical phenomena and to communicate their ideas. However, the chemical sciences have a unique problem in that chemists deal with the unseen world of the atomic-molecular level. Using sketches, chemists strive to develop causal mechanisms that emerge from the structure and behavior of molecular-level entities, to explain observations of the macroscopic visible world...
June 21, 2017: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634259/effectiveness-of-an-online-support-programme-supr-for-older-hearing-aid-users-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Janine Fj Meijerink, Marieke Pronk, Bernadette Paulissen, Birgit I Witte, Bregje van der Wouden, Vera Jansen, Sophia E Kramer
BACKGROUND: An educational SUpport PRogramme called SUPR has been developed for hearing aid users (HAUs) and their communication partners (CPs) offering care beyond hearing aid fitting. SUPR teaches its users communication strategies, hearing aid handling skills and personal adjustment to hearing impairment. METHODS/DESIGN: Using a cluster randomised controlled trial design, 70 Dutch hearing aid dispenser practices were randomised into hearing aid fitting (care as usual, 34 practices) and hearing aid fitting including SUPR (36 practices)...
June 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632445/critique-and-contribute-a-practice-based-framework-for-improving-critical-data-studies-and-data-science
#6
Gina Neff, Anissa Tanweer, Brittany Fiore-Gartland, Laura Osburn
What would data science look like if its key critics were engaged to help improve it, and how might critiques of data science improve with an approach that considers the day-to-day practices of data science? This article argues for scholars to bridge the conversations that seek to critique data science and those that seek to advance data science practice to identify and create the social and organizational arrangements necessary for a more ethical data science. We summarize four critiques that are commonly made in critical data studies: data are inherently interpretive, data are inextricable from context, data are mediated through the sociomaterial arrangements that produce them, and data serve as a medium for the negotiation and communication of values...
June 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629430/bangladesh-policy-on-prevention-and-control-of-non-communicable-diseases-a-policy-analysis
#7
Tuhin Biswas, Sonia Pervin, Md Imtiaz Alam Tanim, Louis Niessen, Anwar Islam
BACKGROUND: This paper is aimed at critically assessing the extent to which Non-Communicable Disease NCD-related policies introduced in Bangladesh align with the World Health Organization's (WHO) 2013-2020 Action Plan for the Global Strategy for the Prevention and Control of NCDs. METHODS: The authors reviewed all relevant policy documents introduced by the Government of Bangladesh since its independence in 1971. The literature review targeted scientific and grey literature documents involving internet-based search, and expert consultation and snowballing to identify relevant policy documents...
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627731/cell-migration-analysis-a-low-cost-laboratory-experiment-for-cell-and-developmental-biology-courses-using-keratocytes-from-fish-scales
#8
Daniel Prieto, Gonzalo Aparicio, Jose R Sotelo-Silveira
Cell and developmental processes are complex, and profoundly dependent on spatial relationships that change over time. Innovative educational or teaching strategies are always needed to foster deep comprehension of these processes and their dynamic features. However, laboratory exercises in cell and developmental biology at the undergraduate level do not often take into account the time dimension. In this article, we provide a laboratory exercise focused in cell migration, aiming to stimulate thinking in time and space dimensions through a simplification of more complex processes occurring in cell or developmental biology...
June 19, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627383/science-communication-at-scientific-societies
#9
REVIEW
Jeanne Braha
Scientific societies can play a key role in bridging the research and practice of scientists' engagement of public audiences. Societies are beginning to support translation of science communication research, connections between scientists and audiences, and the creation of opportunities for scientists to engage publics without extensive customization. This article suggests roles, strategies, and mechanisms for scientific societies to promote and enhance their member's engagement of public audiences.
June 13, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623477/use-of-the-boadicea-web-application-in-clinical-practice-appraisals-by-clinicians-from-various-countries
#10
Anne Brédart, Jean-Luc Kop, Antonis C Antoniou, Alex P Cunningham, Antoine De Pauw, Marc Tischkowitz, Hans Ehrencrona, Sylvie Dolbeault, Léonore Robieux, Kerstin Rhiem, Douglas F Easton, Peter Devilee, Dominique Stoppa-Lyonnet, Rita Schmutlzer
The 'BOADICEA' Web Application (BWA) used to assess breast cancer risk, is currently being further developed, to integrate additional genetic and non-genetic factors. We surveyed clinicians' perceived acceptability of the existing BWA v3. An online survey was conducted through the BOADICEA website, and the British, Dutch, French and Swedish genetics societies. Cross-sectional data from 443 participants who provided at least 50% responses were analysed. Respondents varied in age and, clinical seniority, but mainly comprised women (77%) and genetics professionals (82%)...
June 16, 2017: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619270/what-is-symptom-meaning-a-framework-analysis-of-communication-in-palliative-care-consultations
#11
Celina F Estacio, Phyllis N Butow, Melanie R Lovell, Skye T Dong, Josephine M Clayton
OBJECTIVE: There is a limited understanding of symptom meaning and its significance to clinical practice within symptom experience literature. This study aims to qualitatively explore the ways in which symptom meanings are discussed by patients and responded to by palliative care physicians during consultations. METHODS: Framework analysis was conducted with 40 palliative care consultation transcripts. RESULTS: 55% of consultations discussed symptom meaning...
May 5, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619010/did-online-publishers-get-it-right-using-a-naturalistic-search-strategy-to-review-cognitive-health-promotion-content-on-internet-webpages
#12
P V Hunter, M Delbaere, M E O'Connell, A Cammer, J X Seaton, T Friedrich, F Fick
BACKGROUND: One of the most common uses of the Internet is to search for health-related information. Although scientific evidence pertaining to cognitive health promotion has expanded rapidly in recent years, it is unclear how much of this information has been made available to Internet users. Thus, the purpose of our study was to assess the reliability and quality of information about cognitive health promotion encountered by typical Internet users. METHODS: To generate a list of relevant search terms employed by Internet users, we entered seed search terms in Google Trends and recorded any terms consistently used in the prior 2 years...
June 15, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617487/organ-on-a-chip-devices-advance-to-market
#13
Boyang Zhang, Milica Radisic
To curb the high cost of drug development, there is an urgent need to develop more predictive tissue models using human cells to determine drug efficacy and safety in advance of clinical testing. Recent insights gained through fundamental biological studies have validated the importance of dynamic cell environments and cellular communication to the expression of high fidelity organ function. Building on this knowledge, emerging organ-on-a-chip technology is poised to fill the gaps in drug screening by offering predictive human tissue models with methods of sophisticated tissue assembly...
June 15, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616726/how-to-write-an-original-radiological-research-manuscript
#14
Peter Bannas, Scott B Reeder
Many scientific manuscripts submitted for publication are limited by fundamental mistakes in their preparation, leading to rejection. We describe how to write a well-organized radiological research manuscript containing all of the important ingredients for effective communication of a hypothesis-driven scientific study in the context of medical imaging. KEY POINTS: • Mistakes in the preparation of scientific manuscripts lead to rejection. • Scientific writing, like any important skill, can be learned...
June 14, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616413/the-condition-of-interdisciplinary-communication-among-various-educational-and-research-departments-of-isfahan-university-of-medical-sciences
#15
Elaheh Mazaheri, Ehsan Geraei, Firoozeh Zare-Farashbandi, Ahmad Papi
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to assess interdisciplinary communication among various Educational and Research Departments of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences (IUMS) in clinical medical sciences using social network analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out using scientometrics method and interdisciplinary communication network analysis. Interdisciplinary network of 1298 articles in medical sciences published in Journal of Isfahan Medical School was evaluated using macro- and micro-level criteria of network analysis...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614525/-the-articulator-of-primary-health-care-program-an-innovative-proposal-for-qualification-of-primary-health-care
#16
Giovanna Cabral Doricci, Carla Guanaes-Lorenzi, Maria José Bistafa Pereira
In 2009, the Secretary of State for Health of Sao Paulo created a Program with a view to qualify the primary care in the state. This proposal includes a new job function, namely the articulator of primary care. Due to the scarcity of information about the practice of these new professionals in the scientific literature, this article seeks to analyze how articulators interpret their function and how they describe their daily routines. Thirteen articulators were interviewed. The interviews were duly analyzed by qualitative delineation...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610824/safety-and-perception-what-are-the-greatest-enemies-of-hpv-vaccination-programmes
#17
Paolo Bonanni, Beatrice Zanella, Francesca Santomauro, Chiara Lorini, Angela Bechini, Sara Boccalini
Vaccines stimulate a person's immune system to produce an adequate reaction against a specific infectious agent; i.e. the person is protected from that disease without having to get it first. As vaccines are administrated to healthy subjects, they are held to the highest standards of safety. Regarding human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines, at present three prophylactic vaccines are licensed (bivalent HPV 16/18, quadrivalent HPV 6/11/16/18 and the nonovalent HPV 6/11/16/18/31/33/45/52/58 vaccine). Pre- and post-licensure studies (i...
June 10, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606611/bioinfra-prot-a-comprehensive-proteomics-workflow-including-data-standardization-protein-inference-expression-analysis-and-data-publication
#18
Michael Turewicz, Michael Kohl, Maike Ahrens, Gerhard Mayer, Julian Uszkoreit, Wael Naboulsi, Thilo Bracht, Dominik A Megger, Barbara Sitek, Katrin Marcus, Martin Eisenacher
The analysis of high-throughput mass spectrometry-based proteomics data must address the specific challenges of this technology. To this end, the comprehensive proteomics workflow offered by the de.NBI service center BioInfra.Prot provides indispensable components for the computational and statistical analysis of this kind of data. These components include tools and methods for spectrum identification and protein inference, protein quantification, expression analysis as well as data standardization and data publication...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603700/the-type-ix-secretion-system-t9ss-highlights-and-recent-insights-into-its-structure-and-function
#19
REVIEW
Anna M Lasica, Miroslaw Ksiazek, Mariusz Madej, Jan Potempa
Protein secretion systems are vital for prokaryotic life, as they enable bacteria to acquire nutrients, communicate with other species, defend against biological and chemical agents, and facilitate disease through the delivery of virulence factors. In this review, we will focus on the recently discovered type IX secretion system (T9SS), a complex translocon found only in some species of the Bacteroidetes phylum. T9SS plays two roles, depending on the lifestyle of the bacteria. It provides either a means of movement (called gliding motility) for peace-loving environmental bacteria or a weapon for pathogens...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603585/international-scientific-communications-in-the-field-of-colorectal-tumour-markers
#20
Krasimir Ivanov, Ivan Donev
AIM: To analyze scientometrically the dynamic science internationalization on colorectal tumour markers as reflected in five information portals and to outline the significant journals, scientists and institutions. METHODS: A retrospective problem-oriented search was performed in Web of Science Core Collection (WoS), MEDLINE, BIOSIS Citation Index (BIOSIS) and Scopus for 1986-2015 as well as in Dervent Innovations Index (Derwent) for 1995-2015. Several specific scientometric parameters of the publication output and citation activity were comparatively analyzed...
May 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
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