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Scientific communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722692/eczema-atopic-dermatitis-or-atopic-eczema-analysis-of-global-search-engine-trends
#1
Shuai Xu, Jacob P Thyssen, Amy S Paller, Jonathan I Silverberg
BACKGROUND: The lack of standardized nomenclature for atopic dermatitis (AD) creates challenges for scientific communication, patient education, and advocacy. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the relative popularity of the terms eczema, AD, and atopic eczema (AE) using global search engine volumes. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of average monthly search volumes from 2014 to 2016 of Google, Bing/Yahoo, and Baidu was performed for eczema, AD, and AE in English and 37 other languages...
July 2017: Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719247/telehealth-in-schools-using-a-systematic-educational-model-based-on-fiction-screenplays-interactive-documentaries-and-three-dimensional-computer-graphics
#2
Diogo Julien Miranda, Chao Lung Wen
BACKGROUND: Preliminary studies suggest the need of a global vision in academic reform, leading to education re-invention. This would include problem-based education using transversal topics, developing of thinking skills, social interaction, and information-processing skills. We aimed to develop a new educational model in health with modular components to be broadcast and applied as a tele-education course. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We developed a systematic model based on a "Skills and Goals Matrix" to adapt scientific contents on fictional screenplays, three-dimensional (3D) computer graphics of the human body, and interactive documentaries...
July 18, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716971/2015-revised-utstein-style-recommended-guidelines-for-uniform-reporting-of-data-from-drowning-related-resuscitation-an-ilcor-advisory-statement
#3
REVIEW
Ahamed H Idris, Joost J L M Bierens, Gavin D Perkins, Volker Wenzel, Vinay Nadkarni, Peter Morley, David S Warner, Alexis Topjian, Allart M Venema, Christine M Branche, David Szpilman, Luiz Morizot-Leite, Masahiko Nitta, Bo Løfgren, Jonathon Webber, Jan-Thorsten Gräsner, Stephen B Beerman, Chun Song Youn, Ulrich Jost, Linda Quan, Cameron Dezfulian, Anthony J Handley, Mary Fran Hazinski
BACKGROUND: Utstein-style guidelines use an established consensus process, endorsed by the international resuscitation community, to facilitate and structure resuscitation research and publication. The first "Guidelines for Uniform Reporting of Data From Drowning" were published over a decade ago. During the intervening years, resuscitation science has advanced considerably, thus making revision of the guidelines timely. In particular, measurement of cardiopulmonary resuscitation elements and neurological outcomes reporting have advanced substantially...
July 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716821/abnormalities-in-alternative-splicing-in-diabetes-therapeutic-targets
#4
REVIEW
Zodwa Dlamini, Fortunate Mokoena, Rodney Hull
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a non-communicable, metabolic disorder that affects 416 million individuals worldwide. Type 2 diabetes contributes to a vast 85-90% of the diabetes incidences while 10-15% of patients suffer from type 1 diabetes. These two predominant forms of DM cause a significant loss of functional pancreatic β-cell mass causing different degrees of insulin deficiency, most likely, due to increased β-cell apoptosis. Treatment options involve the use of insulin sensitisers, α-glucosidase inhibitors, and β-cell secretagogues which are often expensive, limited in efficacy and carry detrimental adverse effects...
August 2017: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716637/update-on-the-management-of-abnormal-uterine-bleeding
#5
Yael Levy-Zauberman, Anne-Gaëlle Pourcelot, Perrine Capmas, Hervé Fernandez
Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is a common complaint that affects large numbers of women from puberty to menopause. It negatively affects health by causing anemia, and impacts the quality of life of women affected. AUB also has an economic impact for both women and society. Therefore, it should not be under- or overestimate and diagnosis, investigations and treatment should be proposed, taking into account the scientific data available in the current state of medical knowledge. Using the new terminology and etiologic classification of AUB is essential to communicate properly around the subject...
July 14, 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711646/rural-rotations-at-core-rarefied-exposure-or-real-experience
#6
Christopher Brown, Tarig Abdelrahman, Neil Patel, Awen Iorwerth, John Pollitt, Mark Holt, Wyn G Lewis
OBJECTIVE: Surgical rotations involving rural General Hospitals (rGH) are frequently associated with recruitment challenges, partly because of adverse perceptions regarding distances from social support networks and training opportunities. The aim of this study was to determine the outcomes of core surgical training rotations involving rGHs when compared with urban hospitals in a single UK Deanery. DESIGN: Online Intercollegiate Surgical Curriculum Programme portfolios from 163 core surgical trainees (CST) were examined related to postlocation, operative experience, workplace-based assessments, and academic achievement...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710141/perspective-improving-nutritional-guidelines-for-sustainable-health-policies-current-status-and-perspectives
#7
Paolo Magni, Dennis M Bier, Sergio Pecorelli, Carlo Agostoni, Arne Astrup, Furio Brighenti, Robert Cook, Emanuela Folco, Luigi Fontana, Robert A Gibson, Ranieri Guerra, Gordon H Guyatt, John Pa Ioannidis, Ann S Jackson, David M Klurfeld, Maria Makrides, Basil Mathioudakis, Alessandro Monaco, Chirag J Patel, Giorgio Racagni, Holger J Schünemann, Raanan Shamir, Niv Zmora, Andrea Peracino
A large body of evidence supports the notion that incorrect or insufficient nutrition contributes to disease development. A pivotal goal is thus to understand what exactly is appropriate and what is inappropriate in food ingestion and the consequent nutritional status and health. The effective application of these concepts requires the translation of scientific information into practical approaches that have a tangible and measurable impact at both individual and population levels. The agenda for the future is expected to support available methodology in nutrition research to personalize guideline recommendations, properly grading the quality of the available evidence, promoting adherence to the well-established evidence hierarchy in nutrition, and enhancing strategies for appropriate vetting and transparent reporting that will solidify the recommendations for health promotion...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707853/the-east-india-company-the-company%C3%A2-s-museum-and-the-political-economy-of-natural-history-in-the-early-nineteenth-century
#8
Jessica Ratcliff
At the turn of the nineteenth century, at its headquarters in the City of London, the Honourable East India Company established a new museum and library. By midcentury this museum would contain one of Europe’s most extensive collections of the natural history, arts, and sciences of Asia. This essay uses the early history of the company’s museum, focusing in particular on its natural history collections, to explore the material relationship between scientific practice and the imperial political economy. Much of the collections had been gathered in the wake of military campaigns, trade missions, or administrative surveys...
September 2016: Isis; An International Review Devoted to the History of Science and its Cultural Influences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707846/palliative-sedation-ethical-aspects
#9
Guido Miccinesi, Augusto Caraceni, Marco Maltoni
Palliative sedation (PS), the medical act of decreasing a patient's awareness to relieve otherwise intractable suffering, is considered by some commentators to be controversial because of its consequences on residual survival and/or quality of life, and to be inappropriate for treating pure existential suffering. We will argue that PS must be always proportional, i.e. controlling refractory symptoms while keeping the loss of personal values (communication, affective relationships, care relationship) as low as possible, and that imminence of death is necessary too, from an ethical point of view, if a deep and continuous sedation (DCS) is proposed...
July 12, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706308/introduction-to-nematode-genome-and-transcriptome-announcements-in-the-journal-of-nematology
#10
Dee R Denver, Erik J Ragsdale, W Kelley Thomas, Inga A Zasada
The Journal of Nematology now offers publication of Nematode Genome Announcements (NGA) and Nematode Transcriptome Announcements (NTA). These brief reports announce the sequencing and assembly of a nematode genome or transcriptome resource, along with basic technical information on DNA sequencing and bioinformatic methods used. This publishing initiative offers a new avenue to openly and concisely communicate the availability and relevance of genome and transcriptome sequence resources to the broader scientific community...
June 2017: Journal of Nematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704943/constancy-and-change-key-issues-in-housing-and-health-research-1987-2017
#11
Roderick J Lawrence
The low impact of scientific research on the relations between housing and health during the last 30 years can be attributed to a number of reasons. First, statistical analyses have meant to improve understanding of the relations between what are interpreted and measured as causal factors. However, any single statistical approach fails to account for the dynamic non-linear relations between multiple factors and therefore cannot analyze systemic complexity. Second, there has been too little accumulation and validation of knowledge from scientific research owing to the dominance of cross-sectional studies, and the lack of coordinated research agendas using these approaches in order to confirm empirical findings...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699837/scientists-and-religious-leaders-compete-for-cultural-authority-of-science
#12
Christopher P Scheitle, David R Johnson, Elaine Howard Ecklund
Measurement of public trust in sources of information about science primarily examines whether the public turns to the "science communication industry" for information about science. Research posits, however, that scientists are not the singular cultural authority on science. Here, we examine the extent to which people turn to religion and religious individuals for information about science. Drawing on a nationally representative survey of US adults, we examine what factors-when individuals have a question about science-shape respondent's likelihood of turning to science-based versus religion-based sources...
July 1, 2017: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699393/mental-health-promotion-competencies-in-the-health-sector-in-finland-a-qualitative-study-of-the-views-of-professionals
#13
Nina Tamminen, Pia Solin, Eija Stengård, Lasse Kannas, Tarja Kettunen
AIMS: In this study, we aimed to investigate what competencies are needed for mental health promotion in health sector practice in Finland. METHODS: A qualitative study was carried out to seek the views of mental health professionals regarding mental health promotion-related competencies. The data were collected via two focus groups and a questionnaire survey of professionals working in the health sector in Finland. The focus groups consisted of a total of 13 professionals...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698349/a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-periodised-resistance-training-and-protein-supplementation-intervention-in-prostate-cancer-survivors-on-androgen-deprivation-therapy
#14
Jacqueline L Kiwata, Tanya B Dorff, E Todd Schroeder, George J Salem, Christianne J Lane, Judd C Rice, Mitchell E Gross, Christina M Dieli-Conwright
INTRODUCTION: Prostate cancer survivors (PCS) receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) experience deleterious side effects such as unfavourable changes in cardiometabolic factors that lead to sarcopenic obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS). While loss of lean body mass (LBM) compromises muscular strength and quality of life, MetS increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and may influence cancer recurrence. Exercise can improve LBM and strength, and may serve as an alternative to the pharmacological management of MetS in PCS on ADT...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698319/the-supporting-patient-activation-in-transition-to-home-spath-intervention-a-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-using-motivational-interviewing-to-decrease-re-hospitalisation-for-patients-with-copd-or-heart-failure
#15
Maria Flink, Marléne Lindblad, Oscar Frykholm, Åsa Kneck, Per Nilsen, Kristofer Årestedt, Mirjam Ekstedt
INTRODUCTION: Deficient hospital discharging and patients struggling to handle postdischarge self-management have been identified as potential causes of re-hospitalisation rates. Despite an increased interest in interventions aiming to reduce re-hospitalisation rates, there is yet no best evidence on how to support patients in being active participants in their self-management postdischarge. The aim of this paper is to describe the study protocol for an upcoming randomised controlled trial (RCT) of the Supporting Patient in Activation to Home (sPATH) intervention...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686224/a-balanced-risk-benefit-analysis-to-determine-human-risks-associated-with-pyrrolizidine-alkaloids-pa-the-case-of-tea-and-herbal-infusions
#16
REVIEW
Michael Habs, Karin Binder, Stefan Krauss, Karolina Müller, Brigitte Ernst, Luzia Valentini, Michael Koller
Humans are exposed to pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PA) through different sources, mainly from contaminated foodstuff. Teas and herbal infusions (T&HI) can be contaminated by PA producing weed. PA can possess toxic, mutagenic, genotoxic, and carcinogenic properties. Thus, possible health risks for the general population are under debate. There is a strong safety record for T&HI and additionally epidemiological evidence for the preventive effects of regular tea consumption on cardiovascular events and certain types of cancer...
July 7, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685853/developing-an-interdisciplinary-and-cross-sectoral-community-of-practice-in-the-domain-of-forests-and-livelihoods
#17
Cristy Watkins, Jennifer Zavaleta, Sarah Wilson, Scott Francisco
Although significant resources are being spent researching and fostering the relationship between forests and livelihoods to promote mutually beneficial outcomes, critical gaps in our understanding persist. A core reason for such gaps is that researchers, practitioners, and policy-makers lack the structured space to interact and collaborate, which is essential for effective, interdisciplinary research, practice, and evaluation. Thus, scientific findings, policy recommendations, and measured outcomes have not always been synthesized into deep, systemic understanding; learning from practice and implementation does not easily find its way into scientific analyses--; and science often fails to influence policy...
July 7, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684603/taking-stock-of-the-drosophila-research-ecosystem
#18
David Bilder, Kenneth D Irvine
With a century-old history of fundamental discoveries, the fruit fly has long been a favored experimental organism for a wide range of scientific inquiries. But Drosophila is not a "legacy" model organism; technical and intellectual innovations continue to revitalize fly research and drive advances in our understanding of conserved mechanisms of animal biology. Here, we provide an overview of this "ecosystem" and discuss how to address emerging challenges to ensure its continued productivity. Drosophila researchers are fortunate to have a sophisticated and ever-growing toolkit for the analysis of gene function...
July 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676231/oral-immunotherapy-for-food-allergy-a-spanish-guideline-egg-and-milk-immunotherapy-spanish-guide-items-guide-part-2-maintenance-phase-of-cow-milk-cm-and-egg-oral-immunotherapy-oit-special-treatment-dosing-schedules-models-of-dosing-schedules-of-oit-with-cm
#19
REVIEW
A Martorell, E Alonso, L Echeverría, C Escudero, R García-Rodríguez, C Blasco, J Bone, J Borja-Segade, T Bracamonte, A Claver, J L Corzo, B De la Hoz, R Del Olmo, O Dominguez, V Fuentes-Aparicio, I Guallar, H Larramona, F Martín-Muñoz, V Matheu, A Michavila, I Ojeda, P Ojeda, M Piquer, P Poza, M Reche, P Rodríguez Del Río, M Rodríguez, F Ruano, S Sánchez-García, S Terrados, L Valdesoiro, M Vazquez-Ortiz
INTRODUCTION: Cow's milk and egg are the most frequent causes of food allergy in the first years of life. Treatments such as oral immunotherapy (OIT) have been investigated as an alternative to avoidance diets. No clinical practice guides on the management of OIT with milk and egg are currently available. OBJECTIVES: To develop a clinical guide on OIT based on the available scientific evidence and the opinions of experts. METHODS: A review was made of studies published in the period between 1984 and June 2016, Doctoral Theses published in Spain, and summaries of communications at congresses (SEAIC, SEICAP, EAACI, AAAAI), with evaluation of the opinion consensus established by a group of experts pertaining to the scientific societies SEICAP and SEAIC...
July 1, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675879/three-methods-for-integration-of-environmental-risk-into-the-benefit-risk-assessment-of-veterinary-medicinal-products
#20
Jennifer L Chapman, Lucas Porsch, Rodrigo Vidaurre, Thomas Backhaus, Chris Sinclair, Glyn Jones, Alistair B A Boxall
Veterinary medicinal products (VMPs) require, as part of the European Union (EU) authorization process, consideration of both risks and benefits. Uses of VMPs have multiple risks (e.g., risks to the animal being treated, to the person administering the VMP) including risks to the environment. Environmental risks are not directly comparable to therapeutic benefits; there is no standardized approach to compare both environmental risks and therapeutic benefits. We have developed three methods for communicating and comparing therapeutic benefits and environmental risks for the benefit-risk assessment that supports the EU authorization process...
July 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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