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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440634/m-carboranylphosphinate-as-versatile-building-blocks-to-design-all-inorganic-coordination-polymers
#1
Elena Oleshkevich, Clara Viñas, Isabel Romero, Duane Choquesillo-Lazarte, Matti Haukka, Francesc Teixidor
The first examples of coordination polymers of manganese(II) and a nickel(II) complex with a purely inorganic carboranylphosphinate ligand are reported, together with its exhaustive characterization. X-ray analysis revealed 1D polymeric chains with carboranylphosphinate ligands bridging two manganese(II) centers. The reactivity of polymer 1 with water and Lewis bases has also been studied.
April 25, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440320/a-review-of-pomegranate-in-prostate-cancer
#2
REVIEW
C J Paller, A Pantuck, M A Carducci
BACKGROUND: Preclinical studies showing that pomegranate juice and its components inhibit prostate cancer led to multiple clinical trials to determine whether pomegranate products could slow the growth of prostate cancer. This review summarizes the preclinical data and discusses the results of the clinical trials. METHODS: Trials targeted patients on active surveillance, neoadjuvant patients, patients with biochemical recurrence (BCR) following local therapy for prostate cancer, and patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC)...
April 25, 2017: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439296/oxidation-of-a-non-phenolic-lignin-model-compound-by-two-irpex-lacteus-manganese-peroxidases-evidence-for-implication-of-carboxylate-and-radicals
#3
Xing Qin, Xianhua Sun, Huoqing Huang, Yingguo Bai, Yuan Wang, Huiying Luo, Bin Yao, Xiaoyu Zhang, Xiaoyun Su
BACKGROUND: Manganese peroxidase is one of the Class II fungal peroxidases that are able to oxidize the low redox potential phenolic lignin compounds. For high redox potential non-phenolic lignin degradation, mediators such as GSH and unsaturated fatty acids are required in the reaction. However, it is not known whether carboxylic acids are a mediator for non-phenolic lignin degradation. RESULTS: The white rot fungus Irpex lacteus is one of the most potent fungi in degradation of lignocellulose and xenobiotics...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438148/maternal-blood-cadmium-lead-and-arsenic-levels-nutrient-combinations-and-offspring-birthweight
#4
Yiwen Luo, Lauren E McCullough, Jung-Ying Tzeng, Thomas Darrah, Avner Vengosh, Rachel L Maguire, Arnab Maity, Carmen Samuel-Hodge, Susan K Murphy, Michelle A Mendez, Cathrine Hoyo
BACKGROUND: Cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and arsenic (As) are common environmental contaminants that have been associated with lower birthweight. Although some essential metals may mitigate exposure, data are inconsistent. This study sought to evaluate the relationship between toxic metals, nutrient combinations and birthweight among 275 mother-child pairs. METHODS: Non-essential metals, Cd, Pb, As, and essential metals, iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), selenium (Se), copper (Cu), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), and manganese (Mn) were measured in maternal whole blood obtained during the first trimester using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry...
April 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437863/sirt3-acts-as-a-negative-regulator-of-autophagy-dictating-hepatocyte-susceptibility-to-lipotoxicity
#5
Songtao Li, Xiaobing Dou, Hua Ning, Qing Song, Wei Wei, Ximei Zhang, Chen Shen, Jiaxin Li, Changhao Sun, Zhenyuan Song
Lipotoxicity induced by saturated fatty acids (SFAs) plays a central role in the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD); however, the exact mechanism(s) remain to be fully elucidated. SIRT3 is an NAD(+) -dependent deacetylase primarily located inside mitochondria. In this study, we demonstrated that a SFAs-rich high-fat diet (HFD) was more detrimental to the liver than an isocaloric unsaturated FAs-rich HFD. Unexpectedly, SIRT3 expression/activity were significantly elevated in the livers of mice exposed to the SFAs-rich HFD...
April 24, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436326/evaluation-and-characterization-of-nutritive-properties-of-the-jelly-ear-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-auricularia-auricula-judae-agaricomycetes-from-nigeria
#6
Reginald Chibueze Ohiri, Essien Eka Bassey
This study investigated the nutritive properties of the culinary-medicinal mushroom Auricularia auricula- judae. From the analysis, among the major minerals, potassium was found in the highest concentration, with a value of 172.03 ± 8.62 mg/kg, whereas manganese had the highest concentration among trace elements, with a value of 1.66 ± 0.11 mg/kg. Glutamic acid was the amino acid detected in the largest amounts in this study, with a value of 10.09 ± 1.86 mg/kg. Although glutamine and asparagine were not detected in this mushroom, cysteine and methionine had the lowest concentrations, with values of 0...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436027/production-and-characterization-of-active-recombinant-human-factor-ii-with-consistent-sialylation
#7
Jeong H Lee, Jason Reier, Kelley M Heffner, Christopher Barton, David Spencer, Albert E Schmelzer, Raghavan Venkat
Coagulation factor II (prothrombin; FII) is the pre-proteolyzed precursor to thrombin in the coagulation cascade. It has ten sites of gamma-carboxylation, which are required for its bioactivity, and is N-glycosylated at three of four putative sites. Production of recombinant human FII (rhFII) using a platform fed-batch process designed for monoclonal antibody production resulted in low levels of gamma-carboxylation and sialylation. There have not been any prior reports of successful process development and clinical manufacture of rhFII with optimal, consistent gamma-carboxylation and sialylation...
April 24, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435734/crystal-structure-of-tetra-aqua-bis-pyrimidin-1-ium-4-6-diolato-%C3%AE%C2%BAo-4-manganese-ii
#8
Khaled A Shennara, Ray J Butcher, Frederick T Greenaway
The Mn(II) ion in the structure of the mononuclear title compound, [Mn(C4H3N2O2)2(H2O)4], is situated on an inversion center and is coordinated by two O atoms from two deprotonated 4,6-di-hydroxy-pyrimidine ligands and by four O atoms from water mol-ecules giving rise to a slightly distorted octa-hedral coordination sphere. The complex includes an intra-molecular hydrogen bond between an aqua ligand and the non-protonated N ring atom. The extended structure is stabilized by inter-molecular hydrogen bonds between aqua ligands, by hydrogen bonds between N and O atoms of the ligands of adjacent mol-ecules, and by hydrogen bonds between aqua ligands and the non-coordinating O atom of an adjacent mol-ecule...
April 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435356/screening-and-production-of-manganese-peroxidase-from-fusarium-sp-on-residue-materials
#9
Nguyen Duc Huy, Nguyen Thi Thanh Tien, Le Thi Huyen, Hoang Tan Quang, Truong Quy Tung, Nguyen Ngoc Luong, Seung-Moon Park
In this study, we report the manganese peroxidase production ability from a Fusarium sp. strain using an inexpensive medium of agriculture residues of either rice straw or wood chips as carbon source. The highest manganese peroxidase activity on rice straw medium and on wood chips was 1.76 U/mL by day 9 and 1.91 U/mL by day 12, respectively.
March 2017: Mycobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434067/sediment-metal-contamination-in-the-kafue-river-of-zambia-and-ecological-risk-assessment
#10
Ethel M'kandawire, Kennedy Choongo, John Yabe, Maxwell Mwase, Ngonda Saasa, Shouta M M Nakayama, Nesta Bortey-Sam, Claudia A Blindauer
Zambia's Kafue River receives wastes from various sources, resulting in metal pollution. This study determined the degree of contamination of 13 metals (Al, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Se, Cd, Hg and Pb) in Kafue River sediment and the associated ecological risks at six sites in three different seasons. The level of contamination for most metals showed significant site and seasonal differences. The contamination factor and pollution load index indicated that concentrations of most metals particularly copper (Cu), cobalt (Co), manganese (Mn) and arsenic (As) were very high at sites within the Copperbelt mining area...
April 22, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432891/modification-of-an-existing-in%C3%A2-vitro-method-to-predict-relative-bioavailable-arsenic-in-soils
#11
Shane Whitacre, Nicholas Basta, Brooke Stevens, Valerie Hanley, Richard Anderson, Kirk Scheckel
The soil matrix can sequester arsenic (As) and reduces its exposure by soil ingestion. In vivo dosing studies and in vitro gastrointestinal (IVG) methods have been used to predict relative bioavailable (RBA) As. Originally, the Ohio State University (OSU-IVG) method predicted RBA As for soils exclusively from mining and smelting sites with a median of 5,636 mg As kg(-1). The objectives of the current study were to (i) evaluate the ability of the OSU-IVG method to predict RBA As for As contaminated soils with a wider range of As content and As contaminant sources, and (ii) evaluate a modified extraction procedure's ability to improve prediction of RBA As...
April 3, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432298/endogenous-two-photon-excited-fluorescence-imaging-characterizes-neuron-and-astrocyte-metabolic-responses-to-manganese-toxicity
#12
Emily Stuntz, Yusi Gong, Disha Sood, Volha Liaudanskaya, Dimitra Pouli, Kyle P Quinn, Carlo Alonzo, Zhiyi Liu, David L Kaplan, Irene Georgakoudi
As neurodegenerative conditions are increasingly linked to mitochondrial dysfunction, methods for studying brain cell metabolism at high spatial resolution are needed to elucidate neurodegeneration mechanisms. Two-photon excited fluorescence (TPEF) imaging is a non-destructive, high-resolution technique for studying cell metabolism via endogenous fluorescence of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate) (NAD(P)H) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD). We employed TPEF to study the metabolism of primary rat astrocyte and neuronal cultures under normal growth conditions and in response to manganese (Mn) treatment...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431941/bio-catalytic-performance-and-dye-based-industrial-pollutants-degradation-potential-of-agarose-immobilized-mnp-using-a-packed-bed-reactor-system
#13
Muhammad Bilal, Muhammad Asgher, Hafiz M N Iqbal, Hongbo Hu, Wei Wang, Xuehong Zhang
In this study, the matrix-entrapment technique was adopted to immobilize a novel manganese peroxidase (MnP). Agarose beads developed from 3.0% agarose concentration furnished the preeminent immobilization yield (92.76%). The immobilized MnP exhibited better resistance to changes in the pH and temperature as compared to the free counterpart, with optimal conditions being pH 6.0 and 45°C. Thermal and storage stability characteristics were significantly improved after immobilization, and the immobilized-MnP displayed higher tolerance against different temperatures than free MnP state...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431786/-ligninolytic-enzyme-production-by-white-rot-fungi-during-paraquat-herbicide-degradation
#14
Reyna L Camacho-Morales, José Luis Gerardo-Gerardo, Karina Guillén Navarro, José E Sánchez
Paraquat is a widely used herbicide in agriculture. Its inappropriate use and wide distribution represents a serious pollution problem for soil and water. White rot fungi are capable of degrading pollutants having a similar structure to that of lignin, such as paraquat. This study evaluated the degradation effect of paraquat on the production of ligninolytic enzymes by white rot fungi isolated from the South of Mexico. Six fungal strains showed tolerance to the herbicide in solid culture. Three of the six evaluated strains showed levels of degradation of 32, 26 and 47% (Polyporus tricholoma, Cilindrobasidium laeve and Deconica citrispora, respectively) after twelve days of cultivation in the presence of the xenobiotic...
April 18, 2017: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431216/synthesis-and-loading-dependent-characteristics-of-nitrogen-doped-graphene-foam-carbon-nanotube-manganese-oxide-ternary-composite-electrodes-for-high-performance-supercapacitors
#15
Tao Cheng, Baozhi Yu, Linli Cao, Huiyun Tan, Xinghua Li, Xinliang Zheng, Weilong Li, Zhaoyu Ren, Jinbo Bai
The ternary composite electrodes, nitrogen-doped graphene foam/carbon nanotube/manganese dioxide (NGF/CNT/MnO2), have been successfully fabricated via chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and facile hydrothermal method. The morphologies of the MnO2 nanoflakes presented the loading-dependent characteristics and the nanoflake thickness could also be tuned by MnO2 mass loading in the fabrication process. The correlation between their morphology and electrochemical performance was systematically investigated by controlling MnO2 mass loading in the ternary composite electrodes...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430017/two-nramp6-isoforms-function-as-iron-and-manganese-transporters-and-contribute-to-disease-resistance-in-rice
#16
Cristina Peris-Peris, Albert Serra-Cardona, Ferrán Sánchez-Sanuy, Sonia Campo, Joaquin Ariño, Blanca San Segundo
Metal ions are essential elements for all living organisms. However, metals can be toxic when present in excess. In plants, metal homeostasis is partly achieved through the function of metal transporters, including the diverse natural resistance-associated macrophage proteins (NRAMP). Among them, the OsNramp6 gene encodes a previously uncharacterized member of the rice NRAMP family that undergoes alternative splicing to produce different NRAMP6 proteins. In this work, we determined the metal transport activity and biological role of the full-length and the shortest NRAMP6 proteins (l-NRAMP6 and s-NRAMP6, respectively)...
April 21, 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429449/non-pincer-type-manganese-complexes-as-efficient-catalysts-for-the-hydrogenation-of-esters
#17
Robbert van Putten, Evgeny A Uslamin, Marcel Garbe, Chong Liu, Angela Gonzalez-de-Castro, Martin Lutz, Kathrin Junge, Emiel J M Hensen, Matthias Beller, Laurent Lefort, Evgeny A Pidko
Catalytic hydrogenation of carboxylic acid esters is essential for the green production of pharmaceuticals, fragrances, and fine chemicals. Herein, we report the efficient hydrogenation of esters with manganese catalysts based on simple bidentate aminophosphine ligands. Monoligated Mn PN complexes are particularly active for the conversion of esters into the corresponding alcohols at Mn concentrations as low as 0.2 mol % in the presence of sub-stoichiometric amounts of KO(t) Bu base.
April 21, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427675/use-of-pva-%C3%AE-mno2-stearic-acid-nanocomposite-films-prepared-by-sonochemical-method-as-a-potential-sorbent-for-adsorption-of-cd-ii-ion-from-aqueous-solution
#18
Shadpour Mallakpour, Forough Motirasoul
Alpha manganese dioxide (α-MnO2) nanorods have been covalently functionalized with stearic acid by solvothermal method. The α-MnO2-stearic acid nanorods were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The amount of stearic acid grafted onto α-MnO2 surface was determined about 41wt% by thermogravimetric analysis. The α-MnO2-stearic acid nanorods was used as nanofiller for the preparation of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) nanocomposites (NCs)...
July 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426686/reactive-oxygen-species-are-required-for-driving-efficient-and-sustained-aerobic-glycolysis-during-cd4-t-cell-activation
#19
Dana M Previte, Erin C O'Connor, Elizabeth A Novak, Christina P Martins, Kevin P Mollen, Jon D Piganelli
The immune system is necessary for protecting against various pathogens. However, under certain circumstances, self-reactive immune cells can drive autoimmunity, like that exhibited in type 1 diabetes (T1D). CD4+ T cells are major contributors to the immunopathology in T1D, and in order to drive optimal T cell activation, third signal reactive oxygen species (ROS) must be present. However, the role ROS play in mediating this process remains to be further understood. Recently, cellular metabolic programs have been shown to dictate the function and fate of immune cells, including CD4+ T cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425169/a-highly-active-manganese-catalyst-for-enantioselective-ketone-and-ester-hydrogenation
#20
Magnus B Widegren, Gavin J Harkness, Alexandra M Z Slawin, David B Cordes, Matthew L Clarke
A new hydrogenation catalyst based on a manganese complex of a chiral P,N,N ligand has been found to be especially active for the hydrogenation of esters down to 0.1 mol % catalyst loading, and gives up to 97 % ee in the hydrogenation of pro-chiral deactivated ketones at 30-50 °C.
April 20, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
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