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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815115/discovering-adverse-drug-events-combining-spontaneous-reports-with-electronic-medical-records-a-case-study-of-conventional-dmards-and-biologics-for-rheumatoid-arthritis
#1
Liwei Wang, Majid Rastegar-Mojarad, Sijia Liu, Huaji Zhang, Hongfang Liu
The use of multiple data sources has been preferred in the surveillance of adverse drug events due to shortcomings of using only a single source. In this study, we proposed a framework where the ADEs associated with interested drugs are systematically discovered from the FDA's Adverse Event Reporting System (AERS), and then validated through mining unstructured clinical notes from Electronic Medical Records (EMRs). This framework has two features. First, a higher priority was given to clinical practice during signal detection and validation...
2017: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815104/electronic-phenotyping-with-aphrodite-and-the-observational-health-sciences-and-informatics-ohdsi-data-network
#2
Juan M Banda, Yoni Halpern, David Sontag, Nigam H Shah
The widespread usage of electronic health records (EHRs) for clinical research has produced multiple electronic phenotyping approaches. Methods for electronic phenotyping range from those needing extensive specialized medical expert supervision to those based on semi-supervised learning techniques. We present Automated PHenotype Routine for Observational Definition, Identification, Training and Evaluation (APHRODITE), an R- package phenotyping framework that combines noisy labeling and anchor learning. APHRODITE makes these cutting-edge phenotyping approaches available for use with the Observational Health Data Sciences and Informatics (OHDSI) data model for standardized and scalable deployment...
2017: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813461/epidemiology-of-clostridium-difficile-in-infants-in-oxfordshire-uk-risk-factors-for-colonization-and-carriage-and-genetic-overlap-with-regional-c-difficile-infection-strains
#3
Nicole Stoesser, David W Eyre, T Phuong Quan, Heather Godwin, Gemma Pill, Emily Mbuvi, Alison Vaughan, David Griffiths, Jessica Martin, Warren Fawley, Kate E Dingle, Sarah Oakley, Kazimierz Wanelik, John M Finney, Melina Kachrimanidou, Catrin E Moore, Sherwood Gorbach, Thomas V Riley, Derrick W Crook, Tim E A Peto, Mark H Wilcox, A Sarah Walker
BACKGROUND: Approximately 30-40% of children <1 year of age are Clostridium difficile colonized, and may represent a reservoir for adult C. difficile infections (CDI). Risk factors for colonization with toxigenic versus non-toxigenic C. difficile strains and longitudinal acquisition dynamics in infants remain incompletely characterized. METHODS: Predominantly healthy infants (≤2 years) were recruited in Oxfordshire, UK, and provided ≥1 fecal samples. Independent risk factors for toxigenic/non-toxigenic C...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807893/optimizing-the-use-of-electronic-health-records-to-identify-high-risk-psychosocial-determinants-of-health
#4
Nicolas Michel Oreskovic, Jennifer Maniates, Jeffrey Weilburg, Garry Choy
BACKGROUND: Care coordination programs have traditionally focused on medically complex patients, identifying patients that qualify by analyzing formatted clinical data and claims data. However, not all clinically relevant data reside in claims and formatted data. Recently, there has been increasing interest in including patients with complex psychosocial determinants of health in care coordination programs. Psychosocial risk factors, including social determinants of health, mental health disorders, and substance abuse disorders, are less amenable to rapid and systematic data analyses, as these data are often not collected or stored as formatted data, and due to US Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) regulations are often not available as claims data...
August 14, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802333/solving-the-adoption-bottleneck-to-streamline-application-of-medical-informatics
#5
EDITORIAL
Ming-Chin Lin, Usman Iqbal, Yu-Chuan Jack Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797293/health-care-providers-perceptions-of-use-and-influence-of-clinical-decision-support-reminders-qualitative-study-following-a-randomized-trial-to-improve-hpv-vaccination-rates
#6
Brian E Dixon, Monica L Kasting, Shannon Wilson, Amit Kulkarni, Gregory D Zimet, Stephen M Downs
BACKGROUND: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) leads to serious health issues and remains the most common sexually transmitted infection. Despite availability of effective vaccines, HPV vaccination rates are suboptimal. Furthermore, providers recommend the HPV vaccine less than half the time for eligible patients. Prior informatics research has demonstrated the effectiveness of computer-based clinical decision support (CDS) in changing provider behavior, especially in the area of preventative services...
August 10, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790076/implementation-of-a-formulary-management-process
#7
Lauren I Karel, Dennis R Delisle, Ellena A Anagnostis, Cindy J Wordell
PURPOSE: The application of lean methodology in an initiative to redesign the formulary maintenance process at an academic medical center is described. SUMMARY: Maintaining a hospital formulary requires clear communication and coordination among multiple members of the pharmacy department. Using principles of lean methodology, pharmacy department personnel within a multihospital health system launched a multifaceted initiative to optimize formulary management systemwide...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776047/an-interoperable-similarity-based-cohort-identification-method-using-the-omop-common-data-model-version-5-0
#8
Shreya Chakrabarti, Anando Sen, Vojtech Huser, Gregory W Hruby, Alexander Rusanov, David J Albers, Chunhua Weng
Cohort identification for clinical studies tends to be laborious, time-consuming, and expensive. Developing automated or semi-automated methods for cohort identification is one of the "holy grails" in the field of biomedical informatics. We propose a high-throughput similarity-based cohort identification algorithm by applying numerical abstractions on Electronic Health Records (EHR) data. We implement this algorithm using the Observational Medical Outcomes Partnership (OMOP) Common Data Model (CDM), which enables sites using this standardized EHR data representation to avail this algorithm with minimum effort for local implementation...
June 2017: J Healthc Inform Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762219/-the-role-and-function-of-informatics-nurses-in-information-technology-decision-making
#9
Tso-Ying Lee
The medical environment has changed greatly with the coming of the information age, and, increasingly, the operating procedures for medical services have been altered in keeping with the trend toward mobile, paperless services. Informatization has the potential to improve the working efficiency of medical personnel, enhance patient care safety, and give medical organizations a positive image. Informatics nurses play an important role in the decision-making processes that accompany informatization. As one of the decision-making links in the information technology lifecycle, this role affects the success of the development and operation of information systems...
August 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754523/development-and-classification-of-a-robust-inventory-of-near-real-time-outcome-measurements-for-assessing-information-technology-interventions-in-health-care
#10
Tiago K Colicchio, Guilherme Del Fiol, Debra L Scammon, Watson A Bowes, Julio C Facelli, Scott P Narus
OBJECTIVE: To develop and classify an inventory of near real-time outcome measures for assessing information technology (IT) interventions in health care and assess their relevance as perceived by experts in the field. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To verify the robustness and coverage of a previously published inventory of measures and taxonomy, we conducted semi-structured interviews with clinical and administrative leaders from a large care delivery system to collect suggestions of outcome measures that can be calculated with data available in electronic format for near real-time monitoring of EHR implementations...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749317/understanding-the-use-of-geographical-information-systems-gis-in-health-informatics-research-a-review
#11
Nicola Shaw, Suzanne McGuire
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this literature review is to understand geographical information systems (GIS) and how they can be applied to public health informatics, medical informatics, and epidemiology. METHOD: Relevant papers that reflected the use of geographical information systems (GIS) in health research were identified from four academic databases: Academic Search Complete, BioMed Central, PubMed Central, and Scholars Portal, as well as Google Scholar. The search strategy used was to identify articles with "geographic information systems", "GIS", "public health", "medical informatics", "epidemiology", and "health geography" as main subject headings or text words in titles and abstracts...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734783/dementia-prevalence-and-incidence-in-a-federation-of-european-electronic-health-record-databases-the-european-medical-informatics-framework-resource
#12
Gayan Perera, Lars Pedersen, David Ansel, Myriam Alexander, H Michael Arrighi, Paul Avillach, Nadia Foskett, Rosa Gini, Mark F Gordon, Usha Gungabissoon, Miguel-Angel Mayer, Gerald Novak, Peter Rijnbeek, Gianluca Trifirò, Johan van der Lei, Pieter J Visser, Robert Stewart
INTRODUCTION: The European Medical Information Framework consortium has assembled electronic health record (EHR) databases for dementia research. We calculated dementia prevalence and incidence in 25 million persons from 2004 to 2012. METHODS: Six EHR databases (three primary care and three secondary care) from five countries were interrogated. Dementia was ascertained by consensus harmonization of clinical/diagnostic codes. Annual period prevalences and incidences by age and gender were calculated and meta-analyzed...
July 21, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724368/utilizing-patient-data-from-the-veterans-administration-electronic-health-record-to-support-web-based-clinical-decision-support-informatics-challenges-and-issues-from-three-clinical-domains
#13
Nallakkandi Rajeevan, Kristina M Niehoff, Peter Charpentier, Forrest L Levin, Amy Justice, Cynthia A Brandt, Terri R Fried, Perry L Miller
BACKGROUND: The US Veterans Administration (VA) has developed a robust and mature computational infrastructure in support of its electronic health record (EHR). Web technology offers a powerful set of tools for structuring clinical decision support (CDS) around clinical care. This paper describes informatics challenges and design issues that were confronted in the process of building three Web-based CDS systems in the context of the VA EHR. METHODS: Over the course of several years, we implemented three Web-based CDS systems that extract patient data from the VA EHR environment to provide patient-specific CDS...
July 19, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701226/the-application-of-geographic-information-systems-gis-in-identifying-the-priority-areas-for-maternal-care-and-services
#14
Fatemeh Salehi, Leila Ahmadian
BACKGROUND: Improving maternal health is globally introduced as an important health priority. The purpose of this study is to identify the high priority areas which require more maternal health services in Kerman, Iran. METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study, performed in 2015. The literatures were first explored in order to extract geographic indicators and sub indicators relevant to the maternal health. Data were collected by the use of a questionnaire designed on the basis of AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process) method...
July 12, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699553/introduction-the-international-conference-on-intelligent-biology-and-medicine-icibm-2016-special-focus-on-medical-informatics-and-big-data
#15
Cui Tao, Yang Gong, Hua Xu, Zhongming Zhao
In this editorial, we first summarize the 2016 International Conference on Intelligent Biology and Medicine (ICIBM 2016) held on December 8-10, 2016 in Houston, Texas, USA, and then briefly introduce the ten research articles included in this supplement issue. At ICIBM 2016, a special theme, "Medical Informatics and Big Data," was dedicated to the recent advances of data science in the medical domain. After peer review, ten articles were selected for this special issue, covering topics such as Knowledge and Data Personalization, Social Media Applications to Healthcare, Clinical Natural Language Processing, Patient Safety Analyses, and Data Mining Using Electronic Health Records...
July 5, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688028/novel-assessment-of-interstitial-lung-disease-using-the-computer-aided-lung-informatics-for-pathology-evaluation-and-rating-caliper-software-system-in-idiopathic-inflammatory-myopathies
#16
Patompong Ungprasert, Katelynn M Wilton, Floranne C Ernste, Sanjay Kalra, Cynthia S Crowson, Srinivasan Rajagopalan, Brian J Bartholmai
PURPOSE: To evaluate the correlation between measurements from quantitative thoracic high-resolution CT (HRCT) analysis with "Computer-Aided Lung Informatics for Pathology Evaluation and Rating" (CALIPER) software and measurements from pulmonary function tests (PFTs) in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM)-associated interstitial lung disease (ILD). METHODS: A cohort of patients with IIM-associated ILD seen at Mayo Clinic was identified from medical record review...
July 7, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679943/an-overview-of-the-biomed-project
#17
John Mantas, Mohamed A Wageih
The purpose is to: 1) foster the national BioMedical Informatics (BMI) foundation aligning with the international medical informatics association (IMIA) in order to remodel the national strategies; 2) structure the BMHI strategic plans in Egypt and Jordan as models for other Arab States; 3) define the requirements for new joint EU-Mediterranean BMHI projects and initiatives; and 4) encourage and support the BMHI centres of excellence in Egypt and Jordan. BIOMed will synergistically apply up-to-date European and International methodologies & standards...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679921/accounting-information-systems-in-healthcare-a-review-of-the-literature
#18
Hadal Hammour, Mowafa Househ, Hira Abdul Razzak
As information technology progresses in Saudi Arabia, the manual accounting systems have become graduallyinadequate for decision needs. Subsequently, private and public healthcare divisions in Saudi Arabia perceive Computerized accounting information system (CAIS) as a vehicle to safeguard efficient and effective flow of information during the analysis, processes, and recording of financial data. Efficient and effective flow of information improvesthe decision making of staff, thereby improving the capability of health care sectors to reduce cost of the medical services...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679905/medical-informatics-idle-youtube-potential
#19
Anežka Hucíková, Ankica Babic
YouTube as an online video-sharing service in the context of Web 2.0 goes beyond the bounds of pure fun, for which the platform was primarily established. Nowadays, commonly to other social media, it serves also educational, informational and last but not least, marketing purposes. The importance of video sharing is supported by several predictions about video reaching over 90% of global internet traffic by 2020. Using qualitative content analysis over selected YouTube videos, paper examines the current situation of the platform's marketing potential usage by medical informatics organizations, researches and other healthcare professionals...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679873/on-informatics-diagnostics-and-informatics-therapeutics-good-medical-informatics-research-is-needed-here
#20
Reinhold Haux
In the era of digitization some new procedures play an increasing role for diagnosis as well as for therapy: informatics diagnostics and informatics therapeutics. Challenges for such procedures are described. It is discussed, when research on such diagnostics and therapeutics can be regarded as good research. Examples are mentioned for informatics diagnostics and informatics therapeutics, which are based on health-enabling technologies.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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