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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197263/effects-of-using-mobile-device-based-academic-electronic-medical-records-for-clinical-practicum-by-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-quasi-experimental-study
#1
Mona Choi, HyeongSuk Lee, Joon Ho Park
INTRODUCTION: The academic electronic medical record (AEMR) system is applied with the expectation that nursing students will be able to attain competence in healthcare decision-making and nursing informatics competencies. However, there is insufficient evidence regarding the advantage of applying mobile devices to clinical practicum. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the effect of an experiment that introduced a mobile AEMR application for undergraduate nursing students in their practicum...
November 21, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191560/msbis-a-multi-step-biomedical-informatics-screening-approach-for-identifying-medications-that-mitigate-the-risks-of-metoclopramide-induced-tardive-dyskinesia
#2
Dong Xu, Alexandrea G Ham, Rickey D Tivis, Matthew L Caylor, Aoxiang Tao, Steve T Flynn, Peter J Economen, Hung K Dang, Royal W Johnson, Vaughn L Culbertson
In 2009 the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) placed a black box warning on metoclopramide (MCP) due to the increased risks and prevalence of tardive dyskinesia (TD). In this study, we developed a multi-step biomedical informatics screening (MSBIS) approach leveraging publicly available bioactivity and drug safety data to identify concomitant drugs that mitigate the risks of MCP-induced TD. MSBIS includes (1) TargetSearch (http://dxulab.org/software) bioinformatics scoring for drug anticholinergic activity using CHEMBL bioactivity data; (2) unadjusted odds ratio (UOR) scoring for indications of TD-mitigating effects using the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS); (3) adjusted odds ratio (AOR) re-scoring by removing the effect of cofounding factors (age, gender, reporting year); (4) logistic regression (LR) coefficient scoring for confirming the best TD-mitigating drug candidates...
November 22, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185142/initial-and-long-term-impact-of-a-multi-disciplinary-task-force-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-heparin-induced-thrombocytopenia
#3
Ming Y Lim, Joyce Foster, Angela Rourk, Charles S Greenberg
Many medical centers are faced with a major challenge in making an accurate diagnosis of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) and ensuring appropriate changes in management strategy in line with guideline recommendations. We report the initial and long-term impact and challenges of institution-wide changes in the diagnosis and management of HIT in the inpatient setting at an academic medical center. We established a HIT Task Force, consisting of a multidisciplinary team of non-malignant hematologists, nursing, pharmacist, pathology, blood bank and clinical lab informatics...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181520/predictors-of-osteopathic-medical-students-readiness-to-use-health-information-technology
#4
Robin J Jacobs, Hassan Iqbal, Arif M Rana, Zaid Rana, Michael N Kane
Context: The advent of health information technology (HIT) tools can affect the practice of modern medicine in many ways, ideally by improving quality of care and efficiency and reducing medical errors. Future physicians will play a key role in the successful implementation of HIT. However, osteopathic medical students' willingness to learn, adopt, and use technology in a health care setting is not well understood. Objective: To understand osteopathic medical students' knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding HIT and to identify factors that may be related to their readiness to use HIT...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177118/development-of-medical-informatics-in-china-over-the-past-30-years-from-a-conference-perspective-and-a-sino-american-comparison
#5
Jun Liang, Kunyan Wei, Qun Meng, Zhenying Chen, Jiajie Zhang, Jianbo Lei
Background: As the world's second-largest economy, China has launched health reforms for the second time and invested significant funding in medical informatics (MI) since 2010; however, few studies have been conducted on the outcomes of this ambitious cause. Objective: This study analyzed the features of major MI meetings held in China and compared them with similar MI conferences in the United States, aiming at informing researchers on the outcomes of MI in China and the US from the professional conference perspective and encouraging greater international cooperation for the advancement of the field of medical informatics in China and, ultimately, the promotion of China's health reform...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171014/the-influence-of-big-clinical-data-and-genomics-on-precision-medicine-and-drug-development
#6
Joshua C Denny, Sara L Van Driest, Wei-Qi Wei, Dan M Roden
Drug development continues to be costly and slow, with medications failing due to lack of efficacy or presence of toxicity. The promise of pharmacogenomic discovery includes tailoring therapeutics based on an individual's genetic makeup, rational drug development, and repurposing medications. Rapid growth of large research cohorts, linked to electronic health record (EHR) data, fuels discovery of new genetic variants predicting drug action, supports Mendelian randomization experiments to show drug efficacy, and suggests new indications for existing medications...
November 24, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168211/factors-associated-with-medication-administration-errors-and-why-nurses-fail-to-report-them
#7
Baraa M Hammoudi, Samantha Ismaile, Omar Abu Yahya
BACKGROUND: Patient safety is a significant challenge facing healthcare systems. The administration of medication is pivotal to patient safety, and errors in drug administration are associated with mortality and morbidity. In this study, we assessed the factors contributing to the occurrence and reporting of medication errors from the nurse's perspective. METHODS: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, we distributed a validated questionnaire to 367 nurses at a large public hospital and obtained a response rate of 73...
November 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164541/-the-application-of-information-and-communication-technology-ict-in-nursing-education
#8
Shwu-Fen Chiou, Hsiu-Chuan Su, Ean-Wen Huang
With the rapid development of information and communication technologies (ICT) in the 21st century, all walks of life have experienced disruptive changes, including the healthcare profession. Although nurses represent the largest number of professionals in medical institutions, it is doubtful whether nurses possess sufficient capabilities to face challenges in this era of rapid medical informatization. Currently, the courses necessary to cultivate information literacy in nursing students are insufficient in Taiwan, and traditional instruction methods are largely adopted as nursing teaching strategies...
December 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157568/providing-primary-care-using-an-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-model-what-clinicians-have-learned
#9
Cynthia S Selleck, Matthew Fifolt, Heidi Burkart, Jennifer Sandson Frank, William A Curry, Lisle S Hites
This article details a nurse-led, interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) model that was developed to provide primary care to a medically indigent population in Birmingham, Alabama. Funding to develop and implement this project came from a federal Nurse Education, Practice, Quality and Retention award to the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) School of Nursing, with additional support coming from the UAB Hospital and Health System. The clinic is housed within a local community-based, non-profit organization and all services, including supplies and pharmaceuticals, are provided free of charge to this vulnerable population...
November 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154853/standards-and-guidelines-for-validating-next-generation-sequencing-bioinformatics-pipelines-a-joint-recommendation-of-the-association-for-molecular-pathology-and-the-college-of-american-pathologists
#10
REVIEW
Somak Roy, Christopher Coldren, Arivarasan Karunamurthy, Nefize S Kip, Eric W Klee, Stephen E Lincoln, Annette Leon, Mrudula Pullambhatla, Robyn L Temple-Smolkin, Karl V Voelkerding, Chen Wang, Alexis B Carter
Bioinformatics pipelines are an integral component of next-generation sequencing (NGS). Processing raw sequence data to detect genomic alterations has significant impact on disease management and patient care. Because of the lack of published guidance, there is currently a high degree of variability in how members of the global molecular genetics and pathology community establish and validate bioinformatics pipelines. Improperly developed, validated, and/or monitored pipelines may generate inaccurate results that may have negative consequences for patient care...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics: JMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143395/a-novel-classification-scheme-to-decline-the-mortality-rate-among-women-due-to-breast-tumor
#11
Bushra Mughal, Muhammad Sharif, Nazeer Muhammad, Tanzila Saba
Early screening of skeptical masses or breast carcinomas in mammograms is supposed to decline the mortality rate among women. This amount can be decreased more on development of the computer-aided diagnosis with reduction of false suppositions in medical informatics. Our aim is to provide a robust tumor detection system for accurate classification of breast masses using normal, abnormal, benign, or malignant classes. The breast carcinomas are classified on the basis of observed classes. This is highly dependent on feature extraction process...
November 16, 2017: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132622/know-thy-ehealth-user-development-of-biopsychosocial-personas-from-a-study-of-older-adults-with-heart-failure
#12
Richard J Holden, Anand Kulanthaivel, Saptarshi Purkayastha, Kathryn M Goggins, Sunil Kripalani
BACKGROUND: Personas are a canonical user-centered design method increasingly used in health informatics research. Personas-empirically-derived user archetypes-can be used by eHealth designers to gain a robust understanding of their target end users such as patients. OBJECTIVE: To develop biopsychosocial personas of older patients with heart failure using quantitative analysis of survey data. METHOD: Data were collected using standardized surveys and medical record abstraction from 32 older adults with heart failure recently hospitalized for acute heart failure exacerbation...
December 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132619/a-statistical-analysis-based-recommender-model-for-heart-disease-patients
#13
Anam Mustaqeem, Syed Muhammad Anwar, Abdul Rashid Khan, Muhammad Majid
OBJECTIVES: An intelligent information technology based system could have a positive impact on the life-style of patients suffering from chronic diseases by providing useful health recommendations. In this paper, we have proposed a hybrid model that provides disease prediction and medical recommendations to cardiac patients. The first part aims at implementing a prediction model, that can identify the disease of a patient and classify it into one of the four output classes i.e., non-cardiac chest pain, silent ischemia, angina, and myocardial infarction...
December 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114117/the-most-influential-scientists-in-the-development-of-medical-informatics-18-isaacs-sedick
#14
REVIEW
Izet Masic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114115/data-requirements-and-the-basis-for-designing-health-information-kiosks
#15
REVIEW
Mina Afzali, Maryam Ahmadi, Zahra Mahmoudvand
Introduction: Health kiosks are an innovative and cost-effective solution that organizations can easily implement to help educate people. Aim: To determine the data requirements and basis for designing health information kiosks as a new technology to maintain the health of society. Methods: By reviewing the literature, a list of information requirements was provided in 4 sections (demographic information, general information, diagnostic information and medical history), and questions related to the objectives, data elements, stakeholders, requirements, infrastructures and the applications of health information kiosks were provided...
September 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089287/scaling-up-research-on-drug-abuse-and-addiction-through-social-media-big-data
#16
Sunny Jung Kim, Lisa A Marsch, Jeffrey T Hancock, Amarendra K Das
BACKGROUND: Substance use-related communication for drug use promotion and its prevention is widely prevalent on social media. Social media big data involve naturally occurring communication phenomena that are observable through social media platforms, which can be used in computational or scalable solutions to generate data-driven inferences. Despite the promising potential to utilize social media big data to monitor and treat substance use problems, the characteristics, mechanisms, and outcomes of substance use-related communications on social media are largely unknown...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084368/electronic-health-record-phenotypes-for-precision-medicine-perspectives-and-caveats-from-treatment-of-breast-cancer-at-a-single-institution
#17
Matthew K Breitenstein, Hongfang Liu, Kara N Maxwell, Jyotishman Pathak, Rui Zhang
Precision medicine is at the forefront of biomedical research. Cancer registries provide rich perspectives and electronic health record(EHR)s are commonly utilized to gather additional clinical data elements needed for translational research. However, manual annotation is resource-intense and not readily scalable. Informatics-based phenotyping presents an ideal solution, but perspectives obtained can be impacted by both data source and algorithm selection. We derived breast cancer(BC) receptor status phenotypes from structured and unstructured EHR data using rule-based algorithms, including natural language processing(NLP)...
October 30, 2017: Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063581/contributors-to-the-2017-imia-yearbook-of-medical-informatics
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063572/public-health-population-health-and-epidemiology-informatics-recent-research-and-trends-in-the-united-states
#19
B L Massoudi, K G Chester
Objectives: To survey advances in public and population health and epidemiology informatics over the past 18 months. Methods: We conducted a review of English-language research works conducted in the domain of public and population health informatics and published in MEDLINE or Web of Science between January 2015 and June 2016 where information technology or informatics was a primary subject or main component of the study methodology. Selected articles were presented using a thematic analysis based on the 2011 American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA) Public Health Informatics Agenda tracks as a typology...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063566/clinical-research-informatics-contributions-from-2016
#20
C Daniel, R Choquet
Objectives: To summarize key contributions to current research in the field of Clinical Research Informatics (CRI) and to select the best papers published in 2016. Methods: A bibliographic search using a combination of MeSH and free terms on CRI was performed using PubMed, followed by a double-blind review in order to select a list of candidate best papers to be then peer-reviewed by external reviewers. A consensus meeting between the two section editors and the editorial team was organized to finally conclude on the selection of best papers...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
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