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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197420/the-challenges-of-electronic-health-records-and-diabetes-electronic-prescribing-implications-for-safety-net-care-for-diverse-populations
#1
REVIEW
Neda Ratanawongsa, Lenny L S Chan, Michelle M Fouts, Elizabeth J Murphy
Widespread electronic health record (EHR) implementation creates new challenges in the diabetes care of complex and diverse populations, including safe medication prescribing for patients with limited health literacy and limited English proficiency. This review highlights how the EHR electronic prescribing transformation has affected diabetes care for vulnerable patients and offers recommendations for improving patient safety through EHR electronic prescribing design, implementation, policy, and research. Specifically, we present evidence for (1) the adoption of RxNorm; (2) standardized naming and picklist options for high alert medications such as insulin; (3) the widespread implementation of universal medication schedule and language-concordant labels, with the expansion of electronic prescription 140-character limit; (4) enhanced bidirectional communication with pharmacy partners; and (5) informatics and implementation research in safety net healthcare systems to examine how EHR tools and practices affect diverse vulnerable populations...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186022/using-medical-informatics-to-improve-clinical-trial-operations
#2
Eric L Eisenstein, Amy Harris Nordo, Meredith Nahm Zozus
The continued escalation of clinical trial costs is becoming a public health concern. During the past decade, medical research funding peaked and there is growing concern that there may be insufficient resources to test many promising medical products. Recent changes in the regulatory environment create opportunities for the use of medical informatics to improve clinical trial operations and reduce costs. We report on a Medical Informatics Europe 2016 workshop conducted during the Health - Exploring Complexity (HEC) 2016 conference...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183244/personalised-healthcare-the-dima-clinical-model
#3
Marina Borro, Giovanna Gentile, Vittorio Fineschi, Zeno Földes-Papp, Paola Frati, Alessandro Santurro, Luana Lionetto, Maurizio Simmaco
Large-scale application of Personalized Medicine requires a multi-disciplinal environment allowing synergic cooperation among different competences. Strict collaboration between medical and medical sciences, as informatics, ethics, politics, are needed to face the challenges of one-sized healthcare. In spite of the increasing interest, how this system can be globally realized remains tentative. Yet, a relatively small, Personalised Healthcare Service is providing a proof-of principle organizational model to guide implementation into clinical practice...
February 8, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157143/the-american-medical-informatics-2016-annual-symposium-nurses-lead-discover-educate-and-collaborate
#4
Rebecca R Kitzmiller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152857/the-radiation-oncology-emr-as-a-quality-and-outcomes-based-informatics-platform-a-multicenter-pilot-study
#5
Tammy Wotring, Andrew S Kennedy
: 168 Background: Radiation oncology specific oncology information systems (OIS) are highly specialized and capture large amounts of rich data related to patient care. There is great potential to expand the utility of these systems from data collection and point-of-care documentation to platforms for radiation oncology informatics. To this end, we have begun an effort to consolidate and standardize the OIS within a large network of radiation oncology clinics. We report initial findings from a multi-center OIS standardization pilot involving five clinics...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144682/representation-of-people-s-decisions-in-health-information-systems-a-complementary-approach-for-understanding-health-care-systems-and-population-health
#6
Fernan Gonzalez Bernaldo de Quiros, Adriana R Dawidowski, Silvana Figar
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed: 1) to conceptualize the theoretical challenges facing health information systems (HIS) to represent patients' decisions about health and medical treatments in everyday life; 2) to suggest approaches for modeling these processes. METHODS: The conceptualization of the theoretical and methodological challenges was discussed in 2015 during a series of interdisciplinary meetings attended by health informatics staff, epidemiologists and health professionals working in quality management and primary and secondary prevention of chronic diseases of the Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, together with sociologists, anthropologists and e-health stakeholders...
February 1, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134555/development-and-applications-of-the-veterans-health-administration-s-stratification-tool-for-opioid-risk-mitigation-storm-to-improve-opioid-safety-and-prevent-overdose-and-suicide
#7
Elizabeth M Oliva, Thomas Bowe, Sara Tavakoli, Susana Martins, Eleanor T Lewis, Meenah Paik, Ilse Wiechers, Patricia Henderson, Michael Harvey, Tigran Avoundjian, Amanuel Medhanie, Jodie A Trafton
Concerns about opioid-related adverse events, including overdose, prompted the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) to launch an Opioid Safety Initiative and Overdose Education and Naloxone Distribution program. To mitigate risks associated with opioid prescribing, a holistic approach that takes into consideration both risk factors (e.g., dose, substance use disorders) and risk mitigation interventions (e.g., urine drug screening, psychosocial treatment) is needed. This article describes the Stratification Tool for Opioid Risk Mitigation (STORM), a tool developed in VHA that reflects this holistic approach and facilitates patient identification and monitoring...
February 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130063/effects-of-control-interventions-on-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-england-an-observational-study
#8
Kate E Dingle, Xavier Didelot, T Phuong Quan, David W Eyre, Nicole Stoesser, Tanya Golubchik, Rosalind M Harding, Daniel J Wilson, David Griffiths, Alison Vaughan, John M Finney, David H Wyllie, Sarah J Oakley, Warren N Fawley, Jane Freeman, Kirsti Morris, Jessica Martin, Philip Howard, Sherwood Gorbach, Ellie J C Goldstein, Diane M Citron, Susan Hopkins, Russell Hope, Alan P Johnson, Mark H Wilcox, Timothy E A Peto, A Sarah Walker, Derrick W Crook
BACKGROUND: The control of Clostridium difficile infections is an international clinical challenge. The incidence of C difficile in England declined by roughly 80% after 2006, following the implementation of national control policies; we tested two hypotheses to investigate their role in this decline. First, if C difficile infection declines in England were driven by reductions in use of particular antibiotics, then incidence of C difficile infections caused by resistant isolates should decline faster than that caused by susceptible isolates across multiple genotypes...
January 24, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126242/artificial-intelligence-in-medicine
#9
Pavel Hamet, Johanne Tremblay
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a general term that implies the use of a computer to model intelligent behavior with minimal human intervention. AI is generally accepted as having started with the invention of robots. The term derives from the Czech word robota, meaning biosynthetic machines used as forced labor. In this field, Leonardo Da Vinci's lasting heritage is today's burgeoning use of robotic-assisted surgery, named after him, for complex urologic and gynecologic procedures. Da Vinci's sketchbooks of robots helped set the stage for this innovation...
January 11, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119991/research-strategies-for-biomedical-and-health-informatics-some-thought-provoking-and-critical-proposals-to-encourage-scientific-debate-on-the-nature-of-good-research-in-medical-informatics
#10
Reinhold Haux, Casimir A Kulikowski, Suzanne Bakken, Simon de Lusignan, Michio Kimura, Sabine Koch, John Mantas, Victor Maojo, Michael Marschollek, Fernando Martin-Sanchez, Anne Moen, Hyeoun-Ae Park, Indra N Sarkar, Tze Yun Leong, Alexa T McCray
BACKGROUND: Medical informatics, or biomedical and health informatics (BMHI), has become an established scientific discipline. In all such disciplines there is a certain inertia to persist in focusing on well-established research areas and to hold on to well-known research methodologies rather than adopting new ones, which may be more appropriate. OBJECTIVES: To search for answers to the following questions: What are research fields in informatics, which are not being currently adequately addressed, and which methodological approaches might be insufficiently used? Do we know about reasons? What could be consequences of change for research and for education? METHODS: Outstanding informatics scientists were invited to three panel sessions on this topic in leading international conferences (MIE 2015, Medinfo 2015, HEC 2016) in order to get their answers to these questions...
January 25, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115427/the-ucla-health-resident-informaticist-program-a-novel-clinical-informatics-training-program
#11
Jennifer S Singer, Eric M Cheng, Kevin Baldwin, Michael A Pfeffer
Few opportunities exist for physician trainees to gain exposure to, and training in, the field of clinical informatics, an Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-accredited, recently board-certified specialty. Currently, 21 approved programs exist nationwide for the formal training of fellows interested in pursuing careers in this discipline. Residents and fellows training in medical and surgical fields, however, have few avenues available to gain experience in clinical informatics. An early introduction to clinical informatics brings an opportunity to generate interest for future career trajectories...
January 23, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106582/nursing-informatics-competencies-for-entry-to-practice-the-perspective-of-six-countries
#12
Michelle L L Honey, Diane J Skiba, Paula Procter, Joanne Foster, Pirkko Kouri, Lynn M Nagle
Internationally, countries are challenged to prepare nurses for a future that has ever increasing use of technology and where information management is a central part of professional nursing practice. There has been a growing trend to move nursing to competency-based education, especially for those students undertaking their first nursing qualification. This first nursing qualification may be linked to pre-registration, pre-licensure or undergraduate education; the term used depending on the country. The authors are drawn from the International Medical Informatics Association special interest group, Nursing Informatics (IMIA-NI) Education Working Group and represent New Zealand, the United States of America, England, Australia, Finland and Canada...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106579/the-shifting-sands-of-nursing-informatics-education-from-content-to-connectivity
#13
Michelle Honey, Paula Procter
This chapter considers the development of nurse education over the past 50 years and ventures a view towards 2020. A link will be made to the introduction of informatics to nursing curricula. It is clear when looking over the recent history of nurse education that it has moved from a medical model and content driven apprentice mode to that of a reflective agile professional mode where autonomous practice allows for collaboration in care and connectivity between health professionals. Parallel to these pedagogical changes are the introduction of informatics across healthcare, starting with computer skills and moving through information management to decision support...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106333/translating-precision
#14
EDITORIAL
Michael A Pacanowski
Precision medicine is based on a simple precept that deep information about an individual patient can be used to guide his or her health care. In the not-too-distant future, clinicians may have point-of-care access to an individual's entire genome, dense data captured from wearable devices, and informatics tools that aggregate data from clinical experience to allow for real-time decision support. The innovative technologies being developed in pursuit of precision medicine afford researchers and clinicians the opportunity to generate and consume information at an unprecedented scale...
January 20, 2017: Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104579/internet-health-information-seeking-and-the-patient-physician-relationship-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Sharon Swee-Lin Tan, Nadee Goonawardene
BACKGROUND: With online health information becoming increasingly popular among patients, concerns have been raised about the impact of patients' Internet health information-seeking behavior on their relationship with physicians. Therefore, it is pertinent to understand the influence of online health information on the patient-physician relationship. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to systematically review existing research on patients' Internet health information seeking and its influence on the patient-physician relationship...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100277/stress-echo-2020-the-international-stress-echo-study-in-ischemic-and-non-ischemic-heart-disease
#16
Eugenio Picano, Quirino Ciampi, Rodolfo Citro, Antonello D'Andrea, Maria Chiara Scali, Lauro Cortigiani, Iacopo Olivotto, Fabio Mori, Maurizio Galderisi, Marco Fabio Costantino, Lorenza Pratali, Giovanni Di Salvo, Eduardo Bossone, Francesco Ferrara, Luna Gargani, Fausto Rigo, Nicola Gaibazzi, Giuseppe Limongelli, Giuseppe Pacileo, Maria Grazia Andreassi, Bruno Pinamonti, Laura Massa, Marco A R Torres, Marcelo H Miglioranza, Clarissa Borguezan Daros, José Luis de Castro E Silva Pretto, Branko Beleslin, Ana Djordjevic-Dikic, Albert Varga, Attila Palinkas, Gergely Agoston, Dario Gregori, Paolo Trambaiolo, Sergio Severino, Ayana Arystan, Marco Paterni, Clara Carpeggiani, Paolo Colonna
BACKGROUND: Stress echocardiography (SE) has an established role in evidence-based guidelines, but recently its breadth and variety of applications have extended well beyond coronary artery disease (CAD). We lack a prospective research study of SE applications, in and beyond CAD, also considering a variety of signs in addition to regional wall motion abnormalities. METHODS: In a prospective, multicenter, international, observational study design, > 100 certified high-volume SE labs (initially from Italy, Brazil, Hungary, and Serbia) will be networked with an organized system of clinical, laboratory and imaging data collection at the time of physical or pharmacological SE, with structured follow-up information...
January 18, 2017: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077909/the-most-influential-scientists-in-the-development-of-medical-informatics-15
#17
REVIEW
Izet Masic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077897/the-most-influential-scientist-in-the-development-of-medical-informatics-14-branko-cesnik
#18
Izet Masic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077885/designing-and-implementation-of-retina-image-drawing-system-and-automatic-report-generation-from-retina-examinations
#19
Reza Safdari, Mehrshad Mokhtaran, Shahram Tahmasebian
INTRODUCTION: Electronic medical records as one of major parts of electronic health records is an important application of Medical Informatics. EMR includes different types of data, Graphical items being one of these data types. To this end, a standard structure for storing and recovering and finally exchanging this data type is required. In order to standardize information items in this research, UMLS standard is used. In this research, graphical information from fondues designing in retina surgery forms is used for the task of implementation...
October 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077402/elemental-metabolomics
#20
Ping Zhang, Constantinos A Georgiou, Vladimir Brusic
Elemental metabolomics is quantification and characterization of total concentration of chemical elements in biological samples and monitoring of their changes. Recent advances in inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry have enabled simultaneous measurement of concentrations of > 70 elements in biological samples. In living organisms, elements interact and compete with each other for absorption and molecular interactions. They also interact with proteins and nucleotide sequences. These interactions modulate enzymatic activities and are critical for many molecular and cellular functions...
January 10, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
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