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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036889/single-administration-of-melatonin-modulates-the-nitroxidergic-system-at-the-peripheral-level-and-reduces-thermal-nociceptive-hypersensitivity-in-neuropathic-rats
#1
Elisa Borsani, Barbara Buffoli, Veronica Bonazza, Russel J Reiter, Rita Rezzani, Luigi F Rodella
Neuropathic pain is a severe condition with unsatisfactory treatments. Melatonin, an indolamine, seems to be a promising molecule suitable for this purpose due to its well-known anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antioxidant effects, as well as its modulation of the nitroxidergic system. Nevertheless, the data on its mechanism of action and potentialities are currently insufficient in this pathology, especially at the peripheral level. Thus, this work evaluated the effect of a single administration of melatonin in an established mononeuropathy pain model that monitors the behaviour and the changes in the nitroxidergic system in dorsal root ganglia and skin, which are affected by nervous impairment...
October 14, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036213/the-value-of-real-time-continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-premature-infants-of-diabetic-mothers
#2
Hean-Pat Saw, Nai-Wei Yao, Cheng-Di Chiu, Jia-Yuh Chen
To determine the feasibility of using a real-time continuous glucose monitoring system (RTGMS) in intensive care units, our study focus on preterm infants with diabetic mothers owing to their high risk of blood sugar abnormalities. Thirty preterm babies (M = 15 and F = 15; ≤ 36 week gestation age) were studied from within 72 hours of delivery. These babies were admitted to the newborn intensive care and were further categorized into groups based on whether their mothers with or without diabetic mellitus. Blood sugar levels were monitored by both RTGMS and the traditional intermittent arterial line (A-Line) glucose method...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035857/humoral-response-of-mice-infected-with-toxocara-canis-following-different-infection-schemes
#3
Jan Novák, Lucie Panská, Tomáš Macháček, Libuše Kolářová, Petr Horák
The study was focused on the dynamics of humoral response to Toxocara canis excretory-secretory antigens (TES antigens) in mice experimentally infected by T. canis L3 larvae in different ways. In particular, we compared the effect of infection with two doses of 1000 larvae vs. repeated infections with a low number of larvae (daily infection with 10 larvae and weekly infection with 100 larvae in the course of 22 weeks). In ELISA, all infections, including both schemes with lower larval doses, elicited significant antibody response...
December 20, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029997/correlation-of-general-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-malocclusion-patients-treated-with-a-combined-orthodontic-and-maxillofacial-surgical-approach
#4
Johannes Alexander Tamme, Michael Rohnen, Volker Gaßling, Robert Ciesielski, Helge Fischer-Brandies, Jörg Wiltfang, Bernd Koos
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to collect information about the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) after combined orthodontic and maxillofacial surgical treatment as well as its influence on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study includes data from a total of 130 subjects, 65 of whom (21 male, 44 female, mean age at baseline: 24 years, mean age at the time of surgery: 26 years) were compared with control subjects matched on the basis of gender and age...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028758/mr-neurography-of-lumbosacral-plexus-in-failed-back-surgery-syndrome
#5
Riham Dessouky, Mohammed Khaleel, Dalia N Khalifa, Hazim I Tantawy, Avneesh Chhabra
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical case series. OBJECTIVE: To study the role of MRN of lumbosacral plexus in management of patients with FBSS. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) is one of the major problems in health care, affecting up to 40% of patients following spine surgery. To date, no imaging modality has been used to effectively classify nerve compression, since nerve injuries are challenging to detect on conventional lumbar spine MRI...
October 12, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026610/selective-blood-sampling-for-fgf-23-in-tumor-induced-osteomalacia
#6
Hans-Christof Schober, Christian Kneitz, Franziska Fieber, Kathrin Hesse, Henry Schroeder
Tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO) is caused by the hormone fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23). It is mainly produced in the tissue of mesenchymal tumors. Patients with TIO frequently suffer from a chronic decompensated pain syndrome and/or muscle weakness with postural deformity. Despite the severity of the disease, the diagnosis is frequently established late. In some cases, it takes several years to establish the condition. This case report concerning a 68-year old woman demonstrates the selective blood sampling for FGF-23 as path-breaking diagnostics to confirm the diagnosis of a neuroendocrine tumor...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020396/perception-and-use-of-pap-smear-screening-among-rural-and-urban-women-in-romania
#7
Mihaela Grigore, Razvan Popovici, Anda Pristavu, Ana Maria Grigore, Mioara Matei, Dumitru Gafitanu
Background: In 2012 the National Screening Program for all women between 25 and 64 years of age was launched in Romania. Public awareness is an important factor in the success of a screening program. For this reason, we intended to assess the perception and the level of awareness of Romanian women regarding the Pap test in the prevention of cervical cancer. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 454 women from rural and urban areas. For our study, we used a questionnaire covering general characteristics, awareness, knowledge and practices regarding cervical cancer and Pap smear...
August 4, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020040/validity-and-reliability-of-the-dutch-version-of-the-copenhagen-hip-and-groin-outcome-score-hagos-nl-in-patients-with-hip-pathology
#8
Hilde Giezen, Martin Stevens, Inge van den Akker-Scheek, Inge H F Reininga
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Copenhagen Hip And Groin Outcome Score (HAGOS) was developed to assess disease-specific consequences in young to middle-aged, physically active hip and/or groin patients. The study aimed to determine validity and reliability of the Dutch version of the HAGOS (HAGOS-NL) for middle-aged patients with hip complaints. DESIGN AND METHODS: To assess validity, 117 participants completed five questionnaires: HAGOS-NL, international Hip Outcome Tool (iHOT-12NL), Hip disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS), RAND-36 Health Survey and Tegner activity scale...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017982/clinical-presentation-diagnosis-and-surgical-treatment-of-spontaneous-cervical-intradural-disc-herniations-a-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Arunprasad Gunasekaran, Nova Kristine M de Los Reyes, Jerry Walters, Noojan Kazemi
OBJECTIVE: Spontaneous cervical intradural disc herniation (IDH) is a rare occurrence with limited and disparate information available regarding its presentation, diagnosis, and treatment. However, its accurate detection is vital for planning surgical treatment. In this review of the literature, we collected data from all cervical intradural disc herniations described to date. Particular attention is paid to diagnostic findings, surgical approach and causation for cervical IDH, especially at the cervicothoracic junction...
October 7, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017382/which-factors-are-associated-with-the-recurrence-of-endometrioma-after-cystectomy
#10
Mehmet Küçükbaş, Meryem Kurek Eken, Gülşah İlhan, Taylan Şenol, Dilşad Herkiloğlu, Bilge Kapudere
Endometrioma is the most common form of endometriosis and is a sign of wide-spread disease in symptomatic patients. Medical treatment options can be successful in endometrioma smaller than 1 cm, but ineffective for growing and symptomatic endometriomas. Conservative surgical interventions that preserve fertility, such as laparoscopic removal or destruction of endometriotic tissue or aspiration of cystic content are typically used to treat the condition. One of the most frustrating aspects of endometrioma treatment is disease recurrence...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016185/clinical-outcomes-of-knee-osteoarthritis-treated-with-an-autologous-protein-solution-injection-a-1-year-pilot-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Elizaveta Kon, Lars Engebretsen, Peter Verdonk, Stefan Nehrer, Giuseppe Filardo
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a debilitating disease resulting in substantial pain and functional limitations. A novel blood derivative has been developed to concentrate both growth factors and antagonists of inflammatory cytokines, with promising preliminary findings in terms of safety profile and clinical improvement. PURPOSE: To investigate if one intra-articular injection of autologous protein solution (APS) can reduce pain and improve function in patients affected by knee OA in a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, saline-controlled study...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993894/the-association-of-lumbar-intervertebral-disc-calcification-on-plain-radiographs-with-the-ute-disc-sign-on-mri
#12
Uruj Zehra, Cora Bow, Jason Pui Yin Cheung, Henry Pang, William Lu, Dino Samartzis
PURPOSE: The pathogenesis and the clinical impact of disc calcification are not well known. Utilizing ultra-short time-to-echo (UTE) magnetic resonance imaging, the UTE Disc Sign (UDS) (i.e., hypo/hyper-intense disc band) was developed and found to be more significantly related to pain and disability than the conventional T2-weighted (T2W) MRI. It has been hypothesized that the UDS may represent mineralized deposits in the disc. The following study addressed the relationship between disc calcification on plain radiographs to that of the UDS on MRI...
October 9, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986538/circulating-micrornas-a-novel-potential-biomarker-for-diagnosing-acute-aortic-dissection
#13
Jian Dong, Junmin Bao, Rui Feng, Zhiqing Zhao, Qingsheng Lu, Guokun Wang, Haiyan Li, Dingfeng Su, Jian Zhou, Qing Jing, Zaiping Jing
Acute aortic dissection (AAD) is a catastrophic emergency with high mortality and misdiagnosis rate. We aimed to determine whether circulating microRNAs allow to distinguish AAD from healthy controls and chest pain patients without AAD (CP). Plasma microRNAs expression were determined in 103 participants, including 37 AAD patients, 26 chronic aortic dissection patients, 17 healthy volunteers, 23 patients without AAD. We selected 16 microRNAs from microarray screening as candidates for further testing via qRT-PCR...
October 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983607/iguratimod-prevents-ovariectomy%C3%A2-induced-bone-loss-and-suppresses-osteoclastogenesis-via-inhibition-of-peroxisome-proliferator%C3%A2-activated-receptor%C3%A2-%C3%AE
#14
Ying-Xing Wu, Yue Sun, Ya-Ping Ye, Peng Zhang, Jia-Chao Guo, Jun-Ming Huang, Xing-Zhi Jing, Wei Xiang, Shi-Ying Yu, Feng-Jing Guo
Iguratimod is known for its anti‑inflammatory activities and therapeutic effects in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. It has previously been demonstrated that iguratimod attenuates bone destruction and osteoclast formation in the Walker 256 rat mammary gland carcinoma cell‑induced bone cancer pain model. Therefore, it was hypothesized that iguratimod may additionally exhibit therapeutic effects on benign osteoclast‑associated diseases including postmenopausal osteoporosis. In the present study, ovariectomized mice were used to investigate the effects of iguratimod in vivo...
September 28, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975365/effects-of-urine-alkalinization-with-sodium-bicarbonate-orally-on-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-female-patients-a-pilot-study
#15
Mehmet Giray Sönmez, Yunus Emre Göğer, Gökhan Ecer, Ahmet Atıcı, Mehmet Serkan Özkent, Ahmet Öztürk
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: In this study, we planned to explore the effects of sodium bicarbonate orally (NaHCO3) treatment on female patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) who have acidic urine pH values (<6). METHODS: NaHCO3 was given orally to 33 female patients for 4 weeks at a dose of 2 × 4 g/day. Laboratory values, bladder diary, the Patient Perception of Bladder Condition Score (PPBC), Patient Perception of Intensity of Urgency Scale (PPIUS), Overactive Bladder-Validated 8-question Awareness tool (OAB-V8), Pelvic Pain and Urgency & Frequency Patient Symptom Scale tests (PUFSS), and the King's Health Questionnaire (KHQ) scores before and after treatment were compared...
October 3, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974888/moxibustion-eases-chronic-inflammatory-visceral-pain-through-regulating-mek-erk-and-creb-in-rats
#16
Zhi-Yuan Li, Yan Huang, Yan-Ting Yang, Dan Zhang, Yan Zhao, Jue Hong, Jie Liu, Li-Jie Wu, Cui-Hong Zhang, Huan-Gan Wu, Ji Zhang, Xiao-Peng Ma
AIM: To investigate the effects of herb-partitioned moxibustion (HPM) on phosphorylation of mitogen-activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (MEK)1, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 and cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) in spinal cord of rats with chronic inflammatory visceral pain (CIVP), and to explore the central mechanism of HPM in treating CIVP. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into normal, model, HPM, sham-HPM, MEK-inhibitor and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) groups...
September 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969405/etiological-factors-and-management-in-priapism-patients-and-attitude-of-emergency-physicians
#17
Mehmet Giray Sönmez, Leyla Öztürk Sönmez, Hakkı Hakan Taşkapu, Cengiz Kara, Zerrin Defne Dündar, Yunus Emre Göğer, Togay Evrin, Ahmet Öztürk
OBJECTIVE: To present the underlying etiological factors in patients referring with priapism, sharing how they are managed according to etiology and priapism type together with our experiences, creating awareness so that urologists and emergency physicians may play a more active role together in priapism management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients referring to emergency service with priapism were examined. Penile Doppler ultrasonography (PDU) and/or corporeal aspiration and blood gas analysis were made in order to determine priapism type after anamnesis and physical examination...
October 3, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969201/crossed-fused-ectopic-kidney-a-case-report
#18
Rohit Bhattar, Anuradha Maheshwari, Vinay Tomar, Sher Singh Yadav
Crossed fused ectopic kidney is an unusual congenital malformation of the urinary tract. This condition is usually identified in the autopsy specimen rather than in general clinical scenario. In this condition, both kidneys are located on one side of the midline and are fused with each other. This condition is generally asymptomatic and usually diagnosed as incidental finding. We came across a case of crossed fused left to right ectopia with inferior infusion with nephroptosis. Generally, in cases of crossed fused renal ectopia, one kidney is lower than the other one but in our report, both kidneys were present at the same level...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969059/association-of-myelinated-primary-afferents-impairment-with-mechanical-allodynia-in-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-an-experimental-study-in-rats
#19
Chenlong Liao, Min Yang, Wenxiang Zhong, Pengfei Liu, Wenchuan Zhang
To investigate the mechanisms underlying the efficacy of surgical treatment for painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Rats were initially divided into 3 groups (I, control rats, II, streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats, III, streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats with latex tube encircling the sciatic nerve without compression). When mechanical allodynia (MA) became stable in the third week, one third of group III rats were sacrificed and the remainder were further divided into subgroups depending on whether the latex tube was removed...
September 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969013/low-dose-of-dexmedetomidine-as-an-adjuvant-to-bupivacaine-in-cesarean-surgery-provides-better-intraoperative-somato-visceral-sensory-block-characteristics-and-postoperative-analgesia
#20
Yong-Hong Bi, Xiao-Guang Cui, Rui-Qin Zhang, Chun-Yu Song, Yan-Zhuo Zhang
OBJECT: In this study, we aimed to investigate the beneficial effects of dexmedetomidine on somato-visceral sensory block characteristcs, postoperative analgesia and stress response of intrathecal bupivacaine administration in women undergoing cesarean section, and to find out which dose is better. METHODS: Sixty parturients with the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I or II were anesthetized with intrathecal bupivacaine(10mg) alone or in combination with dexmedetomidine (3 μg and 5 μg) to undergo cesarean section...
September 8, 2017: Oncotarget
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