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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786828/oral-contraceptives-for-pain-associated-with-endometriosis
#1
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Tineke J Crawford, Shree Datta, Andrew Prentice
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a common gynaecological condition which affects many women of reproductive age worldwide and is a major cause of pain and infertility. The combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP) is widely used to treat pain occurring as a result of endometriosis, although the evidence for its efficacy is limited. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness of oral contraceptive preparations in the treatment of painful symptoms ascribed to the diagnosis of laparoscopically proven endometriosis...
May 22, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786041/fixation-versus-excision-of-osteochondral-fractures-after-patellar-dislocations-in-adolescent-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Hui Kang, Jian Li, Xu-Xu Chen, Tao Wang, Shi-Chang Liu, Hong-Chuan Li
Background: Patellar dislocation is one of the most common knee injuries in the adolescent population. It is often combined with osteochondral fracture. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes between fixation and excision of osteochondral fractures not involving the bearing surface in adolescent patients with patellar dislocations. Methods: Patients who underwent surgery for osteochondral fracture following patellar dislocation in our institution from 2007 to 2014 were retrospectively evaluated...
June 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785548/operative-vaginal-delivery-in-case-of-persistent-occiput-posterior-position-after-manual-rotation-failure-a-6-month-follow-up-on-pelvic-floor-function
#3
Paul Guerby, Olivier Parant, Elodie Chantalat, Christophe Vayssiere, Fabien Vidal
PURPOSE: To compare the short- and long-term perineal consequences (at 6 months postpartum) and short-term neonatal consequences of instrumental rotation (IR) to those induced by assisted delivery (AD) in the occiput posterior (OP) position, in case of manual rotation failure. METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study; tertiary referral hospital including all women presenting with persistent OP position who delivered vaginally after manual rotation failure with attempted IR or AD in OP position from September 2015 to October 2016...
May 21, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785195/combined-therapies-of-modified-taiyi-miraculous-moxa-roll-and-cupping-for-patients-with-lumbar-intervertebral-disc-herniation
#4
Chunyue Cai, Yuefeng Gong, Dayong Dong, Jinbiao Xue, Xiaoting Zheng, Zhangfeng Zhong, Jialong Shao, Daguo Mi
Lumbar intervertebral disc herniation is a kind of syndrome caused by stimulation or pressure of nerve root and cauda equina due to intervertebral disc disorder, fibrous ring rupture, and pulpiform nucleus protrusion. Application of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) including acupuncture therapy and cupping therapy is unique and effective treatment for lumbar intervertebral disc herniation in China. Hence, we try to investigate the combined clinical efficacy of modified Taiyi miraculous moxa roll and cupping therapy on patients with lumbar intervertebral disc herniation...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785136/psychological-factors-as-predictors-of-early-postoperative-pain-after-open-nephrectomy
#5
Ana Mimic, Carsten Bantel, Jelena Jovicic, Branko Mimic, Darija Kisic-Tepavcevic, Otas Durutovic, Nebojsa Ladjevic
Purpose: There is an increasing interest in the identification of predictors for individual responses to analgesics and surgical pain. In this study, we aimed to determine psychological factors that might contribute to this response. We hence investigated patients undergoing a standardized surgical intervention (open nephrectomy). Patients and methods: Between May 2014 and April 2015, we conducted a prospective observational cohort study. The following psychological tests were administered preoperatively: Mini-Mental State Examination, Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale (APAIS), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, and Pain Catastrophizing Scale...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784556/the-effect-of-classical-turkish-music-on-pain-severity-and-anxiety-levels-in-patients-undergoing-bone-marrow-aspiration-and-biopsy
#6
Ülkü Özdemir, Sultan Taşcı, Esra Yıldızhan, Süheyla Aslan, Bülent Eser
Bone marrow aspiration is a painful procedure. In addition, the anxiety experienced during the procedure can affect the pain felt during the procedure. This study was conducted as a randomized controlled study to determine the effect of classical Turkish music on pain severity and anxiety levels in patients undergoing bone marrow aspiration and biopsy. The study was performed in an oncology hospital with a total of 30 patients, of whom 14 were in the intervention group and 16 were in the control group. All underwent bone marrow aspiration and biopsy for the first time...
May 18, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784260/severe-obesity-and-sleep-disordered-breathing-as-risk-factors-for-emergence-agitation-in-pediatric-ambulatory-surgery
#7
Timothy Reynolds, Sumanna Sankaran, Wilson T Chimbira, Thuy Phan, Olubukola O Nafiu
PURPOSE: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) may be a critical risk factor for emergence agitation (EA). We hypothesized that SDB diagnosis is a predictor of EA in children after general anesthesia for ambulatory surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, observational, cohort study. METHODS: Children aged 4 to 17 years were assessed for the occurrence of EA. Differences in probability of EA were assessed using multivariable logistic regression analyses...
June 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783025/immunogenicity-and-reactogenicity-of-high-versus-standard-dose-trivalent-inactivated-influenza-vaccine-in-healthcare-workers-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
C Volling, B L Coleman, K Katz, A E Simor, M Muller, J Powis, J McElhaney, A McGeer
OBJECTIVES: To compare immunogenicity, reactogenicity and acceptability of high- and standard-dose trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (HDTIV, SDTIV) in 18-64 year olds. METHODS: We randomized 18-64-year-olds to HDTIV or SDTIV in two consecutive years. We collected serum on Days 0 and 21, measured hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) titers, and compared seroconversion, Day 21 titers, seroprotection, reactogenicity, acceptability. RESULTS: Immunogenicity was evaluable in 42 of 47 2014 participants, all 33 both year participants, and 87 of 90 2015-only participants...
May 18, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783010/translaminar-approach-for-treatment-of-hidden-zone-foraminal-lumbar-disc-herniations-considerations-on-the-surgical-technique-and-pre-operative-selection-of-patients-with-a-long-term-follow-up
#9
Christian Cossandi, Andrea Fanti, Andrea Gerosa, Andrea Bianco, Riccardo Fornaro, Emanuela Crobeddu, Sara Forgnone, Gabriele Panzarasa, Andrea Di Cristofori
BACKGROUND: Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is a common degenerative disease of the lumbar spine with a prevalence of 1-3% in population studies according to some authors. In 10% of patients there is a fragment migrated cranially in the Macnab's "hidden zone". In selected cases, this fragment can be removed with a translaminar approach that has been described in 1998. Aim of our work is to provide a detailed description of the technical advantages and pitfalls of such approach reviewing a consecutive series of patients...
May 18, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782887/endoscopic-injection-of-low-dose-triamcinolone-a-simple-minimally-invasive-and-effective-therapy-for-interstitial-cystitis-with-hunner-lesions
#10
Michael G Funaro, Alexandra N King, Joel N H Stern, Robert M Moldwin, Sonia Bahlani
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy of low dose triamcinolone injection for effectiveness and durability in interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) patients with Hunner Lesions (HL). MATERIALS & METHODS: Clinical data from patients with HL who underwent endoscopic submucosal injection of triamcinolone were reviewed: Demographics, pre/post operative pain and nocturia scores, and long-term clinical outcomes were assessed. Duration of response was estimated by time to repeat procedure...
May 18, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782812/what-variables-are-associated-with-the-outcome-of-arthroscopic-lysis-and-lavage-surgery-for-internal-derangement-of-the-temporomandibular-joint
#11
Tyler H Haeffs, Lindsay N D'Amato, Shehryar N Khawaja, David A Keith, Steven J Scrivani
PURPOSE: Arthroscopic lysis and lavage surgery (AS) is an effective modality that can decrease pain and increase maximum interincisal opening (MIO) in patients with internal derangement (ID) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). However, some patients remain in pain or have limited mandibular range of motion despite AS. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness, prevalence of adverse effects, and predictors of response to TMJ AS in patients with TMJ arthralgia and ID...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782196/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-topical-diclofenac-fluorometholone-and-dexamethasone-for-control-of-inflammation-after-strabismus-surgery
#12
Jinsoo Kim, Dong Chul Choi, Seokhyun Bae, Dong Gyu Choi, Joo Yeon Lee
PURPOSE: To evaluate the comparative effects and safety of topical diclofenac sodium, fluorometholone, and dexamethasone for controlling inflammation after routine strabismus surgery. METHODS: This was a randomized clinical trial. Ninety-nine patients admitted for surgery to treat intermittent exotropia were randomly assigned to receive 1 of 3 postoperative eye drops between January 2015 and February 2016. The primary efficacy outcomes were pain and conjunctival injection...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781932/postoperative-analgesic-effect-of-ultrasound-guided-intermediate-cervical-plexus-block-on-unipolar-sternocleidomastoid-release-with-myectomy-in-pediatric-patients-with-congenital-muscular-torticollis-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Jin-Soo Kim, Han Bum Joe, Myong Chul Park, Hyoeun Ahn, Sook Young Lee, Yun Jeong Chae
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Unipolar sternocleidomastoid release with myectomy (USRM) for correction of congenital muscular torticollis in pediatric patients produces moderate to severe postoperative pain. The objective of this trial was to examine the effect of ultrasound-guided intermediate cervical plexus block on postoperative pain after USRM. METHODS: Thirty-two patients (1-7 years old) were enrolled in this parallel-group, patient- and observer-blinded, randomized controlled trial...
May 17, 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781846/preperitoneal-or-subcutaneous-wound-catheters-as-alternative-for-epidural-analgesia-in-abdominal-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Timothy H Mungroop, Marinde J Bond, Philipp Lirk, Olivier R Busch, Markus W Hollmann, Denise P Veelo, Marc G Besselink
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the location of wound catheters (ie, preperitoneal vs. subcutaneous) impacts outcomes, when compared with alternatives such as epidural analgesia. BACKGROUND: Continuous wound infiltration is an alternative for epidural analgesia in abdominal surgery but studies have shown conflicting results. This difference could be explained by different efficacy of preperitoneal versus subcutaneous placement of the infiltrative catheters. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses guidelines until April 3, 2017...
May 17, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781824/symptom-experience-and-self-rated-physical-functioning-in-patients-with-ovarian-cancer-receiving-chemotherapy-a-longitudinal-study
#15
Ingvild Vistad, Milada Cvancarova, Guro Lindviksmoen Astrup, Tone Rustøen, Astrid H Liavaag
OBJECTIVES: In this longitudinal study, we investigated occurrence of multiple symptoms during chemotherapy in patients with ovarian cancer. We also evaluated whether self-rated physical functioning, selected demographic, and clinical variables were associated with symptom burden over time. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In total, 82 patients provided longitudinal data (4 time points) by completing questionnaires including the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale, the Karnofsky Performance Status Scale, and the Self-Administered Comorbidity Questionnaire...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781769/the-laparoscopic-management-of-median-arcuate-ligament-syndrome-and-its-long-term-outcomes
#16
Henry D De'Ath, Simon Wong, Karoly Szentpali, Shaw Somers, Tom Peck, Christian H Wakefield
BACKGROUND: Case reports and small series of the surgical and radiological management of median arcuate ligament syndrome (MALS) have been described, however, long-term outcome data are lacking. The purpose of this study was to review our experience of the laparoscopic management of MALS, and describe the long-term outcomes after surgical intervention. METHODS: Data were collected between 2005 and 2016 in a single U.K. institution. All patients with MALS who underwent laparoscopic decompression of the celiac artery were included...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781596/conservative-treatment-of-rotator-cuff-tear-in-older-patients-a-role-for-the-cycloergometer-a-randomized-study
#17
Bernardo Gialanella, Laura Comini, Marta Gaiani, Adriana Olivares, Simonetta Scalvini
BACKGROUND: To date, there are no published data on the use of devices in the management of rotator cuff tear (RCT). AIM: To evaluate the effect of supervised arm cycloergometer training on pain during activities and shoulder functionality in patients with symptomatic full-thickness RCT. DESIGN: This is a prospective randomized controlled pilot study. SETTING: Outpatients of our Rehabilitation Unit. POPULATION: In this pilot study, 40 elderly outpatients (>70 years) with RCT were randomized to two groups: Cycloergometer (CYC) vs...
May 18, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781550/walking-gait-asymmetries-six-months-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-predict-twelve-month-patient-reported-outcomes
#18
Brian Pietrosimone, J Troy Blackburn, Darin A Padua, Steven J Pfeiffer, Hope C Davis, Brittney A Luc-Harkey, Matthew S Harkey, Laura E Stanley, Barnett S Frank, R Alexander Creighton, Ganesh M Kamath, Jeffery T Spang
The study sought to determine the association between gait biomechanics (vertical ground reaction force [vGRF], vGRF loading rate [vGRF-LR]) collected six months following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) with patient-reported outcomes at twelve months following ACLR. Walking gait mechanics and all subsections of the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcomes Score (KOOS) were collected at six and twelve months following ACLR, respectively, in 25 individuals with a unilateral ACLR. Peak vGRF and peak instantaneous vGRF-LR were extracted from the first 50% of the stance phase...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781530/a-comparison-between-methadone-and-buprenorphine-for-perioperative-analgesia-in-dogs-undergoing-ovariohysterectomy
#19
M D Shah, D Yates, J Hunt, J C Murrell
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether preoperative methadone provides superior perioperative analgesia compared to buprenorphine in dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy. METHODS: Eighty female dogs were recruited to an assessor-blinded, randomised, clinical trial. Dogs received a premedication dose of 0·05 mg/kg acepromazine or 10 μg/kg medetomidine combined with either 0·3 mg/kg methadone or 20 μg/kg buprenorphine intramuscularly. Anaesthesia was induced with propofol and maintained with isoflurane...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781504/epidural-versus-non-epidural-or-no-analgesia-for-pain-management-in-labour
#20
REVIEW
Millicent Anim-Somuah, Rebecca Md Smyth, Allan M Cyna, Anna Cuthbert
BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia is a central nerve block technique achieved by injection of a local anaesthetic close to the nerves that transmit pain, and is widely used as a form of pain relief in labour. However, there are concerns about unintended adverse effects on the mother and infant. This is an update of an existing Cochrane Review (Epidural versus non-epidural or no analgesia in labour), last published in 2011. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of all types of epidural analgesia, including combined-spinal-epidural (CSE) on the mother and the baby, when compared with non-epidural or no pain relief during labour...
May 21, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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