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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145589/the-abcds-of-pain-management-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial-examining-the-impact-of-a-brief-educational-video-on-infants-and-toddlers-pain-scores-and-parent-soothing-behavior
#1
Rebecca Pillai Riddell, Monica C O'Neill, Lauren Campbell, Anna Taddio, Saul Greenberg, Hartley Garfield
Objectives: To test the efficacy of a brief behavioral pain management strategy (The ABCDs of Needle Pain Management), delivered via video, on infants' and toddlers' pain scores and on parental soothing behavior. Methods: This was a double-blind, parallel trial design. Parent-child dyads (N = 128) were recruited before their child's 6-month (infant) or 18-month (toddler) vaccination in a pediatric clinic and randomly assigned to watch a 5-min treatment video or a placebo video...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145523/cross-cultural-validation-of-the-brazilian-portuguese-version-of-the-pain-vigilance-and-awareness-questionnaire
#2
Fernanda Salloume Sampaio Bonafé, João Marôco, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos
AIMS: To cross-culturally adapt the Pain Vigilance and Awareness Questionnaire (PVAQ) to the Brazilian Portuguese language, to evaluate its psychometric properties when applied to Brazilian pain-free adults and to adults with different pain profiles, and to compare the PVAQ factor scores of different groups using a new method for calculating the overall scores for vigilance, attention to pain, and awareness of changes in pain. METHODS: A total of 1,143 adults (79% women; mean ± standard deviation [SD] age of 38...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145330/pathologic-femoral-fracture-due-to-tenofovir-induced-fanconi-syndrome-in-patient-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-a-case-report
#3
You-Sung Suh, Dong-Il Chun, Sung-Woo Choi, Hwan-Woong Lee, Jae-Hwi Nho, Soon-Hyo Kwon, Jae-Ho Cho, Sung Hun Won
RATIONALE: We report a case of a hepatitis B virus (HBV)-positive patient with preexisting bone disease who developed tenofovir-induced Fanconi syndrome and subsequently sustained pathologic fracture. To our best knowledge, this is the first report in the English literature about pathologic femoral fracture due to tenofovir-induced Fanconi syndrome in patient with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). The present report describes detailed our experience with the diagnosis of pathologic femoral fracture due to tenofovir-induced Fanconi syndrome and treatment...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145288/efficacy-of-cold-application-on-pain-during-chest-tube-removal-a-randomized-controlled-trial-a-consort-compliant-article
#4
Ling-Yu Hsieh, Yi-Rong Chen, Mei-Chun Lu
BACKGROUND: Use of analgesics is the most common method to alleviate the pain induced by chest tube removal (CTR), but patient response to medication can vary and may not be achieved complete relaxation. This study was to determine the effectiveness of cold application in combination with standard analgesic administration before CTR on CTR-induced pain. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, single-blind, sham-controlled study was conducted. In addition to the same routine care, subjects in the experimental group (n = 30) received cold application of 600-g ice packs 15 minutes before CTR, whereas subjects in the sham group (n = 30) received tap water packs...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145272/the-efficiency-of-intravenous-acetaminophen-for-pain-control-following-total-knee-and-hip-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Limin Liang, Ying Cai, Aixiang Li, Chuangen Ma
BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the efficiency and safety of intravenous acetaminophen as an adjunct to multimodal analgesia for pain control after total joint arthroplasty (TJA). METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of science, Medline, and Cochrane library databases were systematically searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-RCTs were included. Fixed/random effect model was used according to the heterogeneity tested by I statistic. Meta-analysis was performed using Stata 11...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144771/bursal-sided-rotator-cuff-tears-simple-versus-everted-type
#6
Hwan Jin Kim, Jung Youn Kim, Young Moon Kee, Yong Girl Rhee
BACKGROUND: No studies have focused on the everted type of bursal-sided partial-thickness rotator cuff tears (PTRCTs). PURPOSE: To evaluate the radiological characteristics, arthroscopic findings, and clinical and structural outcomes after arthroscopic repair of the everted type of bursal-sided PTRCTs. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Two groups of patients with bursal-sided PTRCTs (simple type, 25 shoulders; everted type, 25 shoulders) were enrolled...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144558/association-of-oxidative-stress-with-clinical-characteristics-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#7
Sinan Kardeş, Mine Karagülle, İlker Durak, Aslıhan Avcı, Müfit Zeki Karagülle
BACKGROUND: Few studies examining the association between oxidative stress and clinical parameters or disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients are available. Therefore, the objective of this study was to test whether oxidative stress has any association with clinical parameters and disease activity in patients with RA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this post hoc cross-sectional study, 45 RA patients treated with traditional disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) ± low-dose glucocorticoids ± non-steroidal analgesics for at least 3 months were analyzed...
November 16, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144240/trial-of-music-sucrose-and-combination-therapy-for-pain-relief-during-heel-prick-procedures-in-neonates
#8
Swapnil R Shah, Shahajahan Kadage, John Sinn
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of music, oral sucrose, and combination therapy for pain relief in neonates undergoing a heel prick procedure. STUDY DESIGN: This randomized, controlled, blinded crossover clinical trial included stable neonates >32 weeks of postmenstrual age. Each neonate crossed over to all 3 interventions in random order during consecutive heel pricks. A video camera on mute mode recorded facial expressions, starting 2 minutes before until 7 minutes after the heel prick...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143568/the-inter-rater-reliability-and-prognostic-value-of-coma-scales-in-nepali-children-with-acute-encephalitis-syndrome
#9
Stephen Ray, Ajit Rayamajhi, Laura J Bonnett, Tom Solomon, Rachel Kneen, Michael J Griffiths
Background Acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) is a common cause of coma in Nepali children. The Glasgow coma scale (GCS) is used to assess the level of coma in these patients and predict outcome. Alternative coma scales may have better inter-rater reliability and prognostic value in encephalitis in Nepali children, but this has not been studied. The Adelaide coma scale (ACS), Blantyre coma scale (BCS) and the Alert, Verbal, Pain, Unresponsive scale (AVPU) are alternatives to the GCS which can be used. Methods Children aged 1-14 years who presented to Kanti Children's Hospital, Kathmandu with AES between September 2010 and November 2011 were recruited...
November 16, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143404/tool-for-osteoarthritis-risk-prediction-toarp-over-8-years-using-baseline-clinical-data-x-ray-and-mri-data-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative
#10
Gabby B Joseph, Charles E McCulloch, Michael C Nevitt, Jan Neumann, Alexandra S Gersing, Martin Kretzschmar, Benedikt J Schwaiger, John A Lynch, Ursula Heilmeier, Nancy E Lane, Thomas M Link
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA), a multifactorial disease causing joint degeneration, often leads to severe disability. The rising rates of disability highlight the need for implementing preventative measures at early stages of the disease, which would especially benefit subjects at high risk for OA development. PURPOSE: To develop a risk prediction tool for moderate-severe OA (TOARP) over 8 years based on subject characteristics, knee radiographs, and MRI data at baseline using data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143355/short-term-changes-in-chewing-efficiency-and-subjective-evaluation-in-normal-dentate-subjects-after-insertion-of-oral-appliances-with-an-occlusal-flat-table
#11
Yuya Satokawa, Ichiro Minami, Noriyuki Wakabayashi
BACKGROUND: Oral appliances with an occlusal flat table are used as treatment dentures. However, the short-term effect of insertion of such oral appliances on chewing has not been reported. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether experimental and continuous insertion of oral appliances with an occlusal flat table has an effect on chewing efficiency and Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) in healthy participants. METHODS: Ten participants each in the oral-appliance and control (no oral-appliance insertion) groups attended six data collection sessions for 5 consecutive days...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143306/long-term-evaluation-of-painful-symptoms-and-fertility-after-surgery-for-large-rectovaginal-endometriosis-nodule-a-retrospective-study
#12
Nicolas Bourdel, Aurélie Comptour, Paméla Bouchet, Anne-Sophie Gremeau, Jean-Luc Pouly, Karem Slim, Bruno Pereira, Michel Canis
Optimal surgical treatment of rectovaginal endometriosis remains a controversial topic. The objective of this study was to evaluate long term postoperative outcomes after rectal shaving or colorectal resection for rectovaginal endometriosis MATERIAL AND METHODS: 195 patients underwent surgery (172 managed by shaving, 23 by colorectal resection) between January 2000 and June 2013 for rectovaginal endometriosis (>2cm) involving at least the serosa of the rectum. Primary outcome measures were pain and fertility...
November 15, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142758/ethnic-differences-in-patients-perceptions-towards-isolated-orthopedic-injuries-a-pilot-study
#13
Boris A Zelle, Gurpreet Singh, Deanna L Kitchen, Roberto J Fajardo, Mohit Bhandari, Melissa A Valerio
Background: Patients' perceptions of their healthcare have been reported to influence clinical outcomes following orthopedic trauma. Findings across clinical outcomes have demonstrated significant differences in perceptions towards healthcare between Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites. However, ethnic disparities in perceptions towards orthopedic injuries have not been examined in the literature. Aim of study: The aim of this pilot study is to explore whether Hispanic patients with isolated orthopedic injuries will demonstrate different perceptions towards their injury as compared to non-Hispanic white patients...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142629/a-prospective-study-with-cage-only-or-cage-with-plate-fixation-in-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-interbody-fusion-of-one-and-two-levels
#14
Sam Yeol Kim, Seung Hwan Yoon, Dokeun Kim, Chang Hyun Oh, Seyang Oh
Objective: The authors prospectively analyzed the effect of one-level or two-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), comparing stand-alone cages and cage-with-plate fixation constructs with respect to clinical outcomes and radiologic changes. Methods: A total of 84 patients who underwent one-level (n=52) or two-level ACDF (n=32) for cervical disc disease and who completed 2 years of follow-up were included in this study. The patients were divided by cervical level and grouped into ACDF-Cage-only and ACDF-Cage-with-plate groups...
November 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142563/posterior-occipito-cervical-decompression-with-fixation-and-fusion-in-cranio-vertebral-junction-compression
#15
Lal Rehman, Iram Bokhari, Ali Afzal, Shakeel Ahmad
Objective: To find out the clinical outcome of posterior decompression with occipitocervical fixation and fusion in patients with Craniovertebral junction instability. Methods: Eighty consecutive patients of cranio vertebral junction (CVJ) compression were treated in the department of neurosurgery, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC), Karachi over a period of 05 years from 1(st) January 2012 till 31(st) August 2016. All patients underwent posterior decompression with occipitocervical fusion (OCF) and fixation...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142558/transpedical-interbody-bone-grafting-in-the-treatment-of-senile-osteoporotic-vertebral-fracture
#16
Zhiwei Qin, Hong Liu, Guiying Chen, Guifeng Liu, Peng Zhang, Haitao Zhu
Objective: To evaluate the clinical effect of transpedical interbody bone grafting in the treatment of senile osteoporotic vertebral fracture. Methods: Eighty-six elders with osteoporotic vertebral fracture were selected and divided into a control group and a test group using random double-blind method. Patients in the control group were treated by short-segment transpedicular screw system internal fixation, while patients in the test group were treated by short-segment transpedicular screw system internal fixation in combination with transpedical interbody bone grafting...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142546/comparison-of-analgesic-effect-of-preoperative-topical-diclofenac-versus-ketorolac-on-postoperative-pain-after-corneal-collagen-cross-linkage
#17
Murtaza Sameen, Muhammad Saim Khan, Asad Habib, Muhammad Amer Yaqub, Mazhar Ishaq
Objective: To compare post-operative pain relieving effect of topical diclofenac 0.1% versus ketorolac 0.5% in Corneal Collagen Cross Linking (CXL) for patients diagnosed with keratoconus. Methods: This randomized controlled trial was carried out for six months from October 2016 to March 2017. We included young patients having keratoconus with k-readings greater than 47D and central corneal thickness more than 400 microns. All the patients received single dose one drop of topical diclofenac 0...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142479/medication-beliefs-predict-medication-adherence-in-ambulatory-patients-with-decompensated-cirrhosis
#18
Kelly L Hayward, Patricia C Valery, Jennifer H Martin, Antara Karmakar, Preya J Patel, Leigh U Horsfall, Caroline J Tallis, Katherine A Stuart, Penny L Wright, David D Smith, Katharine M Irvine, Elizabeth E Powell, W Neil Cottrell
AIM: To investigate the impact of medication beliefs, illness perceptions and quality of life on medication adherence in people with decompensated cirrhosis. METHODS: One hundred adults with decompensated cirrhosis completed a structured questionnaire when they attended for routine outpatient hepatology review. Measures of self-reported medication adherence (Morisky Medication Adherence Scale), beliefs surrounding medications (Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire), perceptions of illness and medicines (Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire), and quality of life (Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire) were examined...
October 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142460/efficacy-and-safety-of-duloxetine-in-chinese-breast-cancer-patients-with-paclitaxel-induced-peripheral-neuropathy
#19
Jiani Wang, Qing Li, Binghe Xu, Tongtong Zhang, Shanshan Chen, Yang Luo
Objective: Chemotherapy with paclitaxel is associated with significant neurotoxicity that may offset patients' quality of life and therapeutic benefits. This prospective, non-randomized control study evaluated the efficacy and safety of an antidepressant drug, duloxetine, at 30 or 60 mg/d, in the treatment of paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy (PIPN) in Chinese breast cancer patients. Methods: A total of 102 patients with a median age of 50 (range, 25-60) years, treated in the Department of Medical Oncology, National Cancer Center/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, between November 2014 and January 2017 were finally enrolled...
October 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142036/effect-of-glucocorticoids-on-the-clinical-and-radiographic-efficacy-of-tofacitinib-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-posthoc-analysis-of-data-from-6-phase-iii-studies
#20
Christina Charles-Schoeman, Désirée van der Heijde, Gerd R Burmester, Peter Nash, Cristiano A F Zerbini, Carol A Connell, Haiyun Fan, Kenneth Kwok, Eustratios Bananis, Roy Fleischmann
OBJECTIVE: Tofacitinib has been investigated for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in phase III studies in which concomitant glucocorticoids (GC) were allowed. We analyzed the effect of GC use on efficacy outcomes in patients with RA receiving tofacitinib and/or methotrexate (MTX) or conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (csDMARD) in these studies. METHODS: Our posthoc analysis included data from 6 phase III studies (NCT01039688; NCT00814307; NCT00847613; NCT00853385; NCT00856544; NCT00960440)...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
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