keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

pain scores

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109060/morphine-pharmacodynamics-in-mechanically-ventilated-preterm-neonates-undergoing-endotracheal-suctioning
#1
P A Välitalo, Ehj Krekels, M van Dijk, Shp Simons, D Tibboel, Caj Knibbe
To date, morphine pharmacokinetics (PKs) are well quantified in neonates, but results about its efficacy are ambiguous. This work presents an analysis of a previously published study on pain measurements in mechanically ventilated preterm neonates who received either morphine or placebo to improve comfort during invasive ventilation. The research question was whether morphine reduces the pain associated with endotracheal or nasal suctioning before, during, and after suctioning. Because these neonates cannot verbalize their pain levels, pain was assessed on the basis of several validated pain measurement instruments (i...
January 21, 2017: CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109045/misoprostol-for-cervical-priming-prior-to-hysteroscopy-in-postmenopausal-and-premenopausal-nulliparous-women-a-multicentre-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#2
M L Tasma, M Louwerse, W J Hehenkamp, P M Geomini, M Y Bongers, S Veersema, P J van Kesteren, E Tromp, J A Huirne, G C Graziosi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reduction of pain by Misoprostol compared to placebo prior to hysteroscopy in postmenopausal and premenopausal nulliparous women. DESIGN: Randomised multicentre double-blind placebo controlled trial. SETTING: Two Dutch teaching hospitals and one Dutch university medical centre. POPULATION: Postmenopausal and premenopausal nulliparous women undergoing office hysteroscopy. METHODS: Patients were randomised to receive either 400 mcg Misoprostol or placebo 12 and 24 hours before hysteroscopy...
January 21, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108856/diagnosis-and-management-for-trigeminal-neuralgia-caused-solely-by-venous-compression
#3
Takuro Inoue, Hisao Hirai, Ayako Shima, Fumio Suzuki, Takanori Fukushima, Masayuki Matsuda
BACKGROUND: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) caused solely by venous compression is uncommon. An appropriate vein management protocol for microvascular decompression (MVD) has not been established. We evaluated the management of veins for TN solely due to venous involvement. METHOD: We analyzed 31 patients with TN in whom only veins were manipulated during MVD. The culprit veins smaller in diameter than the vein of the cerebellopontine fissure (VCPF) were coagulated and divided in 20 patients (divided group), while transposition was performed for larger veins in the remaining 11 patients (non-divided group)...
January 20, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108464/lower-extremity-peripheral-artery-disease-and-quality-of-life-among-older-individuals-in-the-community
#4
Aozhou Wu, Josef Coresh, Elizabeth Selvin, Hirofumi Tanaka, Gerardo Heiss, Alan T Hirsch, Bernard G Jaar, Kunihiro Matsushita
BACKGROUND: Evidence regarding the association of lower extremity peripheral arterial disease with quality of life (QOL) is mainly from selected clinical populations or relatively small clinical cohorts. Thus, we investigated this association in community-derived populations. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using data of 5115 participants aged 66 to 90 years from visit 5 (2011-2013) of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study, we quantified the associations of ankle-brachial index (ABI) with several QOL parameters, including 12-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12), after accounting for potential confounders using linear and logistic regression models...
January 20, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108424/clinical-and-radiological-findings-after-multilevel-cervical-total-disc-replacement-defining-radiological-changes-to-predict-surgical-outcomes
#5
Jung Hwan Lee, Sang-Ho Lee, Jun Ho Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the radiological parameters between preoperation and postoperation for patients who underwent multilevel cervical total disc replacement (MCTDR) and assessed which parameters were related to successful clinical outcomes after MCTDR. METHODS: The study included a consecutive series of 24 patients who were treated with MCTDR following the diagnosis of multilevel cervical disc herniation or stenosis. Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), C2-7 sagittal vertical axis (SVA), range of motion (ROM) of C2-7 segment and TDR implanted levels were evaluated at pre- and post-TDR...
January 17, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108319/how-the-changes-in-the-system-affect-trauma-care-provision-the-assessment-of-and-implications-for-lithuanian-trauma-service-performance-in-2007-2012
#6
Žilvinas Dambrauskas, Vytautas Aukštakalnis, Aurika Karbonskienė, Dmitrijus Kačiurinas, Jolanta Vokietienė, Robertas Lapka, Algimantas Pamerneckas, Narūnas Porvaneckas, Kęstutis Stašaitis, Nedas Jasinskas, Paulius Dobožinskas, Dinas Vaitkaitis, Raimundas Lunevičius
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify and assess the effects of changes in the Lithuanian trauma service from 2007 to 2012. We postulate that the implications derived from this study will be of importance to trauma policy planners and makers in Lithuania and throughout other countries of Eastern and Central Europe. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Out of 10,390 trauma admissions to four trauma centers in 2007, 294 patients (2.8%) were randomly selected for the first arm of a representative study sample...
January 6, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108318/response-inhibition-set-shifting-and-complex-executive-function-in-patients-with-chronic-lower-back-pain
#7
Rytis Masiliūnas, Dalia Vitkutė, Edgaras Stankevičius, Vaidas Matijošaitis, Kęstutis Petrikonis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to evaluate how response inhibition, set shifting, and complex executive function (represented by risky decision-making) are altered in chronic lower back pain patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 29 patients with chronic lower back pain (CLBP >6 months) aged 49-69 years and 30 healthy volunteers matched for age, gender, and education were enrolled in a case-control study. The study was conducted in the Departments of Neurology and Neurosurgery of Panevėžys Regional Hospital, Lithuania...
January 2, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108220/missed-myocardial-infarctions-in-ed-patients-prospectively-categorized-as-low-risk-by-established-risk-scores
#8
A J Singer, M P Than, S Smith, P McCullough, T W Barrett, R Birkhahn, M Reed, H C Thode, W D Arnold, L B Daniels, C de Filippi, G Headden, W F Peacock
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Few studies have prospectively compared multiple cardiac risk prediction scores. We compared the rate of missed acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in chest pain patients prospectively categorized as low risk by unstructured clinical impression, and by HEART, TIMI, GRACE, and EDACS scores, in combination with two negative contemporary cardiac troponins (cTn) available in the U.S. METHODS: We enrolled 434 patients with chest pain presenting to one of seven emergency departments (ED)...
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107900/quality-of-sleep-in-renal-transplant-recipients-and-patients-on-hemodialysis
#9
Paraskevi G Liaveri, Dimitris Dikeos, Ioannis Ilias, Eirini P Lygkoni, Ioannis N Boletis, Chryssanthi Skalioti, Thomas Paparrigopoulos
BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders are very common in patients with chronic kidney disease and they may not always subside after kidney transplantation. AIM AND METHODS: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the self-reported quality of sleep, insomnia problems in particular, and examine the factors that disturb sleep of kidney transplant recipients (KTx: n=152) in comparison to age- and sex-matched patients on dialysis (HD: n=67) and participants with normal renal function (NOR: n=49), through the administration of the Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS) at least six months after transplantation...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107604/predicting-recovery-in-patients-with-acute-low-back-pain-a-clinical-prediction-model
#10
T da Silva, P Macaskill, K Mills, C Maher, C Williams, C Lin, M J Hancock
BACKGROUND: There is substantial variability in the prognosis of acute low back pain (LBP). The ability to identify the probability of individual patients recovering by key time points would be valuable in making informed decisions about the amount and type of treatment to provide. Predicting recovery based on presentation 1-week after initially seeking care is clinically important and may be more accurate than predictions made at initial presentation. The aim of this study was to predict the probability of recovery at 1-week, 1-month and 3-months after 1-week review in patients who still have LBP 1-week after initially seeking care...
January 20, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107599/the-prevalence-and-impact-of-chronic-neuropathic-pain-on-daily-and-social-life-a-nationwide-study-in-a-japanese-population
#11
S Inoue, T Taguchi, T Yamashita, M Nakamura, T Ushida
BACKGROUND: This study marks the first epidemiological evaluation of the prevalence and burden of chronic neuropathic pain (NeP) in an Asian population. The objective of this nationwide cross-sectional study was to identify the characteristics of individuals with NeP, detect the NeP features that affect their quality of life (QOL), and demonstrate the negative effects of NeP on social and daily living as well as comorbidities including depression, anxiety and sleep disorders. METHODS: We mailed a cross-sectional, population-based epidemiological survey to a random nationwide sample of 10,000 Japanese adults over 20 years old...
January 20, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107564/tattoo-removal-by-q-switched-yag-laser-client-satisfaction
#12
K Hutton Carlsen, J Esmann, J Serup
BACKGROUND: Tattoo removal by Q-switched lasers is golden standard; however, clients' satisfaction with treatment is little known. OBJECTIVE: To determine clients' satisfaction with tattoo removal. METHODS: 154 tattoo removal clients who had attended the private clinic "Centre for Laser Surgery", Hellerup, Denmark from 2001-2013 completed a questionnaire concerning outcome expectations, level of pain experiences and satisfaction with tattoo removal...
January 20, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107551/knee-function-among-elite-handball-and-football-players-1-to-6-years-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#13
G Myklebust, R Bahr, A Nilstad, K Steffen
The aim of the study was to describe objective and self-reported knee function for athletes who have returned to elite handball and football play after an ACL injury, comparing these to non-injured players at the same level. A total of 414 handball and 444 football players completed baseline tests from 2007 through 2014, examining lower extremity strength, dynamic balance, knee laxity, and knee function (KOOS questionnaire). Measures were compared between injured and non-injured legs, and between injured legs and legs of controls...
January 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107373/dexmedetomidine-versus-midazolam-in-procedural-sedation-a-systematic-review-of-efficacy-and-safety
#14
Clemens R M Barends, Anthony Absalom, Baucke van Minnen, Arjan Vissink, Anita Visser
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the literature comparing the efficacy and safety of dexmedetomidine and midazolam when used for procedural sedation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and COCHRANE for clinical trials comparing dexmedetomidine and midazolam for procedural sedation up to June 20, 2016. Inclusion criteria: clinical trial, human subjects, adult subjects (≥18 years), article written in English, German, French or Dutch, use of study medication for conscious sedation and at least one group receiving dexmedetomidine and one group receiving midazolam...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107336/symptom-management-the-effects-of-self-affirmation-on-chemotherapy-related-symptoms%C3%A2
#15
Meltem Yildirim, Hatice Gulsoy, Makbule Batmaz, Cansu Ozgat, Gulser Yesilbursali, Reyhan Aydin, Sedanur Ekiz
BACKGROUND: Positive effects of auditory stimulations are common in symptom management. However, the effect of self-affirmations on symptom management is not well known.
. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of self-affirmations and nature sounds on chemotherapy-related symptoms.
. METHODS: This randomized, controlled experimental study was conducted with 140 patients receiving chemotherapy. The first experimental group listened to affirmations, the second listened to nature sounds, and the third listened to both...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107211/type-2-myocardial-infarction-incidence-presentation-treatment-and-outcome-in-routine-clinical-practice
#16
Dragana Radovanovic, Thomas Pilgrim, Burkhardt Seifert, Philip Urban, Giovanni Pedrazzini, Paul Erne
AIMS: The clinical definition and optimal treatment for myocardial infarction (MI) type 2 (T2MI) are not well established. We assessed differences in presentation, treatment and outcomes of patients with MI type 1 (T1MI) and T2MI. METHODS: The data of MI patients enrolled in the AMIS Plus cohort with T2MI were compared with T1MI using propensity score matching. RESULTS: A total of 13 829 patients had T1MI and 1091 (7.3%) T2MI. Patients with T2MI were older, often female, with more risk factors and comorbidities, and less ST segment elevation...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106666/a-tailored-guided-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-as-an-adjunct-to-standard-rheumatological-care-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
M Ferwerda, S van Beugen, H van Middendorp, S Spillekom-van Koulil, A R T Donders, H Visser, E Taal, M C W Creemers, P C L M van Riel, A W M Evers
For patients with chronic pain conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), who experience elevated levels of distress, tailored guided internet-based cognitive behavioral treatment may be effective in improving psychological and physical functioning, and reducing impact the impact of RA on daily life. A multicenter randomized controlled trial was conducted for RA patients with elevated levels of distress asassessed by a disease-specific measure. The control group (n=71) received standard care and the intervention group (n= 62) additionally received an internet-based tailored cognitive-behavioral intervention...
January 12, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106523/influence-of-postoperative-sagittal-balance-and-spinopelvic-parameters-on-the-outcome-of-patients-surgically-treated-for-degenerative-lumbar-spondylolisthesis
#18
Ingrid Radovanovic, Jennifer C Urquhart, Venkat Ganapathy, Fawaz Siddiqi, Kevin R Gurr, Stewart I Bailey, Christopher S Bailey
OBJECTIVE The object of this study was to determine the association between postoperative sagittal spinopelvic alignment and patient-rated outcome measures following decompression and fusion for lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis. METHODS The authors identified a consecutive series of patients who had undergone surgery for lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis between 2008 and 2012, with an average follow-up of 3 years (range 1-6 years). Surgery was performed to address the clinical symptoms of spinal stenosis, not global sagittal alignment...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106353/causes-of-sore-throat-after-intubation-a-prospective-observational-study-of-multiple-anaesthesia-variables
#19
Phillip D Levin, Chrysostomou Chrysostomos, Carlos A Ibarra, Stephan Ledot, Daigo Naito, Charles Weissman, Alexander Avidan
BACKGROUND: Sore throat is common after intubation for surgery. This observational study investigated cuff pressure and a large range of clinical covariates to explore the aetiology of sore throat. METHODS: Approximately 24 hours after surgery six questions relating to pain, upper airway symptoms and sore throat were delivered to patients who had undergone intubation. Sore throat was correlated with demographics, anesthesia variables and cuff pressure (measured for a subset of patients)...
January 20, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106312/pain-evoked-trunk-muscle-activity-changes-during-fatigue-and-doms
#20
L H Larsen, R P Hirata, T Graven-Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Muscle pain may reorganize trunk muscle activity but interactions with exercise-related muscle fatigue and delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) is to be clarified. METHODS: In 19 healthy participants, the trunk muscle activity during 20 multi-directional unpredictable surface perturbations were recorded after bilateral isotonic saline injections (control) and during unilateral and bilateral hypertonic saline-induced low back pain (LBP) in conditions of back muscle fatigue (Day-1) and DOMS (Day-2)...
January 20, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
keyword
keyword
39168
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"