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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527423/task-related-and-person-related-variables-influence-the-effect-of-low-back-pain-on-anticipatory-postural-adjustments
#1
Jesse V Jacobs, Courtney A Lyman, Juvena R Hitt, Sharon M Henry
BACKGROUND: People with low back pain exhibit altered postural coordination that has been suggested as a target for treatment, but heterogeneous presentation has rendered it difficult to identify appropriate candidates and protocols for such treatments. This study evaluated the associations of task-related and person-related factors with the effect of low back pain on anticipatory postural adjustments. METHODS: Thirteen subjects with and 13 without low back pain performed seated, rapid arm flexion in self-initiated and cued conditions...
May 17, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526995/two-cycles-of-plasma-rich-in-growth-factors-prgf-endoret-intra-articular-injections-improve-stiffness-and-activities-of-daily-living-but-not-pain-compared-to-one-cycle-on-patients-with-symptomatic-knee-osteoarthritis
#2
Víctor Vaquerizo, Sabino Padilla, José Javier Aguirre, Leire Begoña, Gorka Orive, Eduardo Anitua
PURPOSE: To assess the clinical efficacy and safety of a treatment based on one cycle versus two cycles of intra-articular injections of plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF-Endoret) on patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Ninety patients with knee OA were included and evaluated. A total of 48 patients received one cycle (OC group) (3 injections on a weekly basis), while 42 patients received two cycles of PRGF-Endoret (TC group) spaced 6 months between them...
May 19, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526923/focal-articular-prosthetic-resurfacing-for-the-treatment-of-full-thickness-articular-cartilage-defects-in-the-knee-12-year-follow-up-of-two-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
C Becher, E B Cantiller
INTRODUCTION: The rationale of focal articular prosthetic resurfacing used as a primary arthroplasty procedure in the treatment of articular cartilage defects is still under debate. Conflicting reports raise concern about high rates of re-operations and continued development of osteoarthritis, while others have reported good outcomes. The goal of this paper is to present the long-term results of two patients with a 12-year follow-up and to report the results of a literature review. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two patients (male, 70 years; female 63 years) with a follow-up of 12 years were reviewed...
May 19, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526917/do-we-know-the-outcome-predictors-for-cauda-equine-syndrome-ces-a-retrospective-single-center-analysis-of-60-patients-with-ces-with-a-suggestion-for-a-new-score-to-measure-severity-of-symptoms
#4
Alexander König, Lisa Amelung, Marco Danne, Ullrich Meier, Johannes Lemcke
OBJECTIVE: Despite the awareness and familiarity of almost every medical professional with the cauda equine compression syndrome (CES), risk factors for a poor prognosis of the disease remain elusive. Even the relationship between subsequent outcome and the time elapsed from the time of appearance of symptoms to surgery taking place remain obscure. The aim of our study, therefore, was to analyze a relatively large population of our own patients studied consecutively, to identify outcome predictors for CES and to propose a clinical score for CES symptoms (Berlin CES score)...
May 19, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526905/effectiveness-of-acellular-dermal-matrix-on-autologous-split-thickness-skin-graft-in-treatment-of-deep-tissue-defect-esthetic-subjective-and-objective-evaluation
#5
Yoo Jung Lee, Myong Chul Park, Dong Ha Park, Hyung Min Hahn, Sue Min Kim, Il Jae Lee
BACKGROUND: A split-thickness skin graft (STSG) is performed to cover a large full-thickness skin defect. Esthetic and functional deficits can result, and many studies have sought to overcome them. This study compared the effectiveness of the acellular dermal matrix (ADM) graft and STSG concerning esthetic and functional effectiveness of ADM on scar quality. METHODS: Of the patients who underwent anterolateral thigh free flap from 2011 to 2015, patients who received skin graft only (n = 10) or skin graft with ADM (n = 20) for coverage of the donor site were enrolled...
May 19, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526423/pseudoparalysis-a-systematic-review-of-term-definitions-treatment-approaches-and-outcomes-of-management-techniques
#6
REVIEW
John M Tokish, Thomas C Alexander, Michael J Kissenberth, Richard J Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Pseudoparalysis remains one of the most challenging conditions in shoulder surgery. Long thought of as an unsolvable problem, recent advances in surgical techniques offer potential return of overhead motion in the setting of massive irreparable rotator cuff tears. This article summarizes the available literature including existing definitions and the results of different treatment approaches regarding range of motion, outcome scores, and reversal. METHODS: In accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, a systematic review of the MEDLINE database, Cochrane database, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, and Google Scholar database was performed for studies that defined a preoperative shoulder group as having pseudoparalysis...
June 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526226/experimental-pain-in-the-groin-may-refer-into-the-lower-abdomen-implications-to-clinical-assessments
#7
M K Drew, T S Palsson, R P Hirata, M Izumi, G Lovell, M Welvaert, P Chiarelli, P G Osmotherly, T Graven-Nielsen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of experimental adductor pain on the pain referral pattern, mechanical sensitivity and muscle activity during common clinical tests. DESIGN: Repeated-measures design. METHODS: In two separate sessions, 15 healthy males received a hypertonic (painful) and isotonic (control) saline injection to either the adductor longus (AL) tendon to produce experimental groin pain or into the rectus femoris (RF) tendon as a painful control...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525993/translation-and-validation-of-the-finnish-version-of-index-of-dental-anxiety-and-fear-idaf-4c-%C3%A2-among-dental-students
#8
Mimmi Tolvanen, Katri Puijola, Jason M Armfield, Satu Lahti
BACKGROUND: Dental fear accounts for 41% of the non-habitual dental attendance such as visiting only when in pain among adult Finns. Dentists should be able to recognize patients in risk for irregular attendance due to dental fear and measure their fear with valid and reliable instrument that capture the multidimensionality of dental fear. The study's aim was to translate the Index of Dental Anxiety and Fear (IDAF-4C+) into Finnish and test its reliability and validity. METHODS: The study population consisted of dental students in a Finnish university (n = 202)...
May 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525981/combination-of-gabapentin-and-ramosetron-for-the-prevention-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-after-gynecologic-laparoscopic-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-comparative-study
#9
Kyung Mi Kim, Jin Huh, Soo Kyung Lee, Eun Young Park, Jung Min Lee, Hyo Ju Kim
BACKGROUND: As a drug originally introduced for its anticonvulsant effects, gabapentin has been recently shown to be effective in the treatment of nausea and vomiting in various clinical settings. This study compared the antiemetic efficacy of oral gabapentin, intravenous ramosetron and gabapentin plus ramosetron in patients receiving fentanyl-based patient-controlled analgesia after laparoscopic gynecologic surgery. METHODS: One hundred and thirty two patients undergoing laparoscopic gynecologic surgery under general anesthesia were allocated randomly into three groups: group G received 300 mg oral gabapentin 1 h before anesthesia, group R received 0...
May 19, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525633/scan-echo-for-pain-management-implementing-a-regional-telementoring-training-for-primary-care-providers
#10
Sherry Ball, Brigid Wilson, Scott Ober, Ali Mchaourab
Objective.:  The Specialty Care Access Network-Extension for Community Health Outcomes (SCAN-ECHO) is a video teleconferencing-based training program where primary care providers are trained by a specialty care team to provide specialty care. A multidisciplinary team of pain management specialists at the Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center established such a program for pain management; a description and preliminary effectiveness assessment of this training program is presented...
May 19, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525632/effect-of-baseline-characteristics-on-the-pain-response-to-pregabalin-in-fibromyalgia-patients-with-comorbid-depression
#11
Stuart L Silverman, Miroslav Backonja, Lynne Pauer, Jaren Landen, Pritha Bhadra Brown, Joseph M Scavone, Richard Vissing, Andrew Clair
Objective. : To evaluate the effect of baseline characteristics on the treatment response to pregabalin in fibromyalgia (FM) patients with depression. Design. : Post hoc analysis from a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, two-way crossover study of pregabalin (300 or 450 mg/day, twice daily). Subjects. : A total of 193 FM patients taking an antidepressant for comorbid depression. Methods. : The effect of patient baseline characteristics on the treatment response to pregabalin vs placebo was assessed for the primary efficacy end point (mean pain score on an 11-point numeric rating scale)...
May 19, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525488/artificial-disk-replacement-combined-with-fusion-versus-2-level-fusion-in-cervical-2-level-disk-disease-with-a-5-year-follow-up
#12
Gyu Yeul Ji, Chang Hyun Oh, Dong Ah Shin, Yoon Ha, Seong Yi, Keung Nyun Kim, Hyun Cheol Shin, Do Heum Yoon
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the long-term clinical and radiologic outcomes of hybrid surgery (HS) and 2-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (2-ACDF) in patients with 2-level cervical disk disease. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: In a previous study with a 2-year follow-up, HS was shown to be superior to 2-ACDF, with a better Neck Disability Index (NDI) score, less postoperative neck pain, faster C2-C7 range of motion (ROM) recovery, and less adjacent ROM increase...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525482/artificial-cervical-disk-replacement-for-the-treatment-of-adjacent-segment-disease-after-anterior-cervical-decompression-and-fusion
#13
Sheng Bin, Huang Xiangwang, Xiao Sheng, Xiang Tiecheng, Liu Xiangyang, Zhang Yi, Liu Bin
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of artificial cervical disk replacement (ACDR) for the treatment of adjacent segment disease (ASD) after anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ACDF is the useful procedure for degenerative cervical diseases. However, studies have reported accelerated degeneration of functional spinal units adjacent to the fusion site after ACDF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2004 and January 2011, 32 inpatients (18 male, 14 female; age, 38-61 y; mean, 48 y) underwent ACDR for the treatment of ASD after previous ACDF (single-level: n=12; 2-level: n=15; 3-level: n=5)...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525479/outcome-of-bilateral-c1-laminar-hooks-combined-with-c2-pedicle-screw-fixation-for-the-treatment-of-c1-c2-instability-a-report-of-18-cases-from-a-single-chinese-center
#14
Lifeng Lao, Guibin Zhong, Qianyi Li, Xinfeng Li, Bin Chen, Lie Qian, Zude Liu
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective technical report. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of bilateral C1 laminar hooks combined with C2 pedicle screw fixation for the treatment of C1-C2 instability. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Various posterior atlantoaxial fixations for C1-C2 instability have been developed. However, due to anatomic anomalies of the vertebral artery, the smallness of the pedicle, trajectories of broken screws, or a lack of surgical experience, a simple atlantoaxial fixation technique with good safety and effectiveness is urgently needed...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525477/reasons-of-dysphagia-after-operation-of-anterior-cervical-decompression-and-fusion
#15
Bing Wu, Fei Song, Shourong Zhu
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the reasons, clinical manifestation, risk factors, prevention, and treatment of dysphagia after operation of anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Dysphagia is one of severe complications after ACDF. There were a few studies about reasons and prevention of dysphagia. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical charts of patients who underwent ACDF in our hospital from January 2012 to December 2012...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525472/a-comparison-of-implants-used-in-open-door-laminoplasty-structural-rib-allografts-versus-metallic-miniplates
#16
Ehsan Tabaraee, Praveen Mummaneni, Amir Abdul-Jabbar, David Shearer, Esha Roy, Beejal Amin, Christopher Ames, Shane Burch, Vedat Deviren, Sigurd Berven, Serena Hu, Dean Chou, Bobby K Tay
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case-controlled study. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Open-door laminoplasty has been successfully used to address cervical spondylotic myelopathy and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament. Two common implants include rib allograft struts and metallic miniplates. OBJECTIVE: The goals of this study were to compare outcomes, complications, and costs associated with these 2 implants. METHODS: A retrospective review was done on 51 patients with allograft struts and 55 patients with miniplates...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525469/safety-and-efficacy-study-of-an-ozone-laser-combined-therapy-using-puncture-needle-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-cervical-spondylosis
#17
Ke Gu, Yuqiu Yan, Wu Wei, Yan Li, Wenli Liu, Yang Guo, Long Yu
STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with cervical spondylosis (CS) were treated with patented technology of ozone laser combined therapy using puncture needle between August 2008 and February 2010. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score changes before and 6 months after surgery and MacNab score criteria 6 months after surgery were analyzed. BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: CS normally occurs over the age of 50 and broadly presents as either myelopathy or radiculopathy...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525464/the-cardiac-rehabilitation-model-improves-fitness-quality-of-life-and-depression-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#18
Lianne B Dolan, Danielle Barry, Teresa Petrella, Lindsay Davey, Ann Minnes, Allison Yantzi, Susan Marzolini, Paul Oh
PURPOSE: Exercise is a demonstrated, therapeutic strategy for cancer survivors to minimize many treatment-induced side effects and may decrease risk of recurrence. Nonetheless, structured programs that combine exercise and education are not yet standardized within cancer care. The Health, Exercise, Active Living, Therapeutic lifestyle (HEALTh) program is a clinical exercise program based on the established cardiac rehabilitation model, but customized for female breast cancer survivors...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525409/preserved-analgesia-with-reduction-in-opioids-through-the-use-of-an-acute-pain-protocol-in-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-for-open-hepatectomy
#19
Michael C Grant, Philip M Sommer, Cathy He, Sylvia Li, Andrew J Page, Alexander B Stone, Deborah Hobson, Elizabeth Wick, Christopher L Wu
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathways are designed to restore baseline physiology, mitigate surgical stressors, and hasten recovery. Paramount to this approach is optimal pain control through multimodal analgesia and limiting reliance on opioid-based medications. Recent studies have fostered growing controversy surrounding the use of epidural analgesia in the ERAS setting, especially for higher-risk procedures. We examine the analgesic end points associated with the use of epidural within the ERAS framework for open hepatectomy...
May 18, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525407/validation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-korean-version-of-the-zurich-claudication-questionnaire-in-patients-with-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#20
Ho-Joong Kim, Young-Kyun Lee, Dong Ook Kim, Bong-Soon Chang, Choon-Ki Lee, Jin S Yeom
STUDY DESIGN: Linguistic and psychometric validation of a translated questionnaire OBJECTIVE.: To validate the Korean version of Zurich claudication questionnaire (ZCQ) both linguistically and psychometrically. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The ZCQ is considered as a disease specific and gold standard measure for evaluation of patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). However, there has been no validated Korean version of the ZCQ. METHODS: The ZCQ was translated forward and backward, culturally adapted by 2 independent translators, and approved by an expert committee...
May 18, 2017: Spine
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