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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448790/drinking-and-driving-behavior-at-stop-signs-and-red-lights
#1
Jingyan Wan, Changxu Wu, Yiqi Zhang, Rebecca J Houston, Chang Wen Chen, Panya Chanawangsa
Alcohol is one of the principal risk factors for motor vehicle crashes. One factor that contributes to vehicle crashes is noncompliance with stop signs and red lights. The present experiment investigated the effects of alcohol and drinking patterns on driving behavior at stop signs and red lights. 28 participants participated in drinking and simulated driving sessions during which they received a moderate dose of alcohol (0.08% BAC) or a placebo. Simulated driving tasks measured participants' driving performance at stop signs and red lights in response to each dose...
April 24, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447019/a-cross-sectional-study-need-of-equal-respect-for-all-professionals-in-the-institutional-ethics-committees-composition
#2
Ramandeep Kaur, Ajay Francis Christopher, Vikas Gupta, Parveen Bansal
BACKGROUND: The composition of the Institutional Ethics Committee (IEC) with an equal respect plays a major role in evaluating research proposals to ensure the safety of the subjects and ethical quality of research project. It is mandatory that all research projects with an involvement of human subjects should be approved by the IEC before commencement. AIM: To find out the equality of respect to members of IEC irrespective of nature of their profession. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Methods include a cross-sectional study, the general information and member composition, multidisciplinary nature, independent performance, competence, decision capability, professionally biased of IECs in health research institutions of Punjab, India...
April 2017: Perspectives in Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446849/effect-of-male-partner-s-support-on-spousal-modern-contraception-in-a-low-resource-setting
#3
Olayinka Balogun, Abiodun Adeniran, Adegboyega Fawole, Kikelomo Adesina, Abiodun Aboyeji, Peace Adeniran
BACKGROUND: As efforts continue to increase contraceptive uptake, male partner support remains important in spousal modern contraceptive use. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional survey involving women on modern contraception was conducted at the family planning clinic of the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Nigeria, between December 2013 and April 2014. All consenting participants completed a self-administered questionnaire designed for the study, and statistical analysis was done with SPSS version 20...
September 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446418/compliance-with-mobile-ecological-momentary-assessment-protocols-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Cheng K Fred Wen, Stefan Schneider, Arthur A Stone, Donna Spruijt-Metz
BACKGROUND: Mobile device-based ecological momentary assessment (mobile-EMA) is increasingly used to collect participants' data in real-time and in context. Although EMA offers methodological advantages, these advantages can be diminished by participant noncompliance. However, evidence on how well participants comply with mobile-EMA protocols and how study design factors associated with participant compliance is limited, especially in the youth literature. OBJECTIVE: To systematically and meta-analytically examine youth's compliance to mobile-EMA protocols and moderators of participant compliance in clinical and nonclinical settings...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443947/economic-evaluation-of-human-albumin-use-in-patients-with-nephrotic-syndrome-in-four-brazilian-public-hospitals-pharmacoeconomic-study
#5
Leonardo Augusto Kister de Toledo, Antônio Carlos Beisl Noblat, Harrison Floriano do Nascimento, Lúcia de Araújo Costa Beisl Noblat
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: In 2004, the Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária, ANVISA) published a resolution establishing guidelines for albumin use. Although the published data do not indicate any definitive conclusions about the benefits of albumin use in patients with nephrotic syndrome (NS), the guidelines recommend this procedure only in cases of edema that is refractory to use of diuretics. The aim here was to analyze albumin use among patients with nephrotic syndrome...
April 20, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443941/knowledge-attitudes-and-perceptions-regarding-lymphatic-filariasis-study-on-systematic-noncompliance-with-mass-drug-administration
#6
Silvia Cabral, Cristine Bonfim, Rosalira Oliveira, Paula Oliveira, Terezinha Guimarães, Eduardo Brandão, Ana Maria Aguiar-Santos, Zulma Medeiros
The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiological characteristics, antigenic profile, perceptions, attitudes and practices of individuals who have been systematically non-compliant in mass drug administration (MDA) campaigns targeting lymphatic filariasis, in the municipality of Olinda, State of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil. A pretested questionnaire was used to obtain information on socioenvironmental demographics, perceptions of lymphatic filariasis and MDA, and reasons for systematic noncompliance with treatment...
April 20, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440260/immortal-ozurdex-a-10-month-follow-up-of-an-intralenticular-implant
#7
B Poornachandra, Vinod B M Kumar, Chaitra Jayadev, Subashchandra H Dorelli, Naresh Kumar Yadav, Rohit Shetty
A 78-year-old male who had received a dexamethasone implant (Ozurdex, Allergan, Inc., Irvine, CA, USA) 15 days back for recalcitrant diabetic macular edema in the left eye came to us for a second opinion. On examination, his corrected distance visual acuity was 20/20 in the right eye and 20/40 in the left eye. Early cataractous changes were present in both eyes. The intraocular pressure was within normal limits. The Ozurdex implant was seen lodged in the posterior cortex of the crystalline lens in the left eye, confirmed on anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT) and ultrasound biomicroscopy...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429053/self-assessment-of-treatment-compliance-with-antimuscarinic-drugs-and-lower-urinary-tract-condition-among-women-with-urinary-incontinence
#8
Kirill Kosilov, Sergey Loparev, Irina Kuzina, Olga Shakirova, Natalya Zhuravskaya, Alexandra Lobodenko
AIM: Our aim was to determine the efficiency of the Medication Compliance Self-Report Inventory (MASRI) in self-reporting antimuscarinic drug treatment compliance among women with urinary incontinence (UI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study assessed 347 women aged 18-65 (averaging 49.7) years with more than one urinary incontinence (UI) episode per day. Treatment compliance was tested at the beginning and at weeks 4, 8, and 12 using the MASRI, the Brief Medication Questionnaire (BMQ), and visual pill counts...
April 20, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419504/sensory-and-rheological-characteristics-of-thickened-liquids-differing-concentrations-of-a-xanthan-gum-based-thickener
#9
Hyeri Kim, Han-Im Hwang, Ki-Won Song, Jeehyun Lee
The objectives of this study were to develop and compare sensory characteristics of beverages and soups thickened with different concentrations of a xanthan gum-based thickener, and to examine, using rheological measurement, whether the viscosity of the thickened liquids conformed to the recommendations of the National Dysphagia Diet Task Force. Beverages tested included water, plum juice, apple juice, orange juice, milk, soymilk, and Yakult. The thickening agent was added to samples at concentrations of 1%, 2%, or 3%...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418712/a-cross-sectional-study-of-indoor-tanning-in-fitness-centres
#10
Christina M Huang, Mark G Kirchhof
BACKGROUND: Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a human carcinogen and is associated with the development of skin cancer. The promotion of indoor tanning (IT) at fitness centres is of particular concern as it reinforces the idea that a tan is associated with health and fitness. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of IT in fitness centres, with an emphasis on determining the financial costs, adherence to regulations, and safety precautions. METHODS: Ten cities, representing 9 different Canadian provinces, were chosen for the study...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414606/effects-of-topically-applied-heterologous-serum-on-reepithelialization-rate-of-superficial-chronic-corneal-epithelial-defects-in-dogs
#11
J Seth Eaton, Steven R Hollingsworth, Bradford J Holmberg, Michael H Brown, Patricia J Smith, David J Maggs
OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of topical application of undiluted heterologous serum on time to corneal reepithelialization in dogs with superficial chronic corneal epithelial defects (SCCEDs). DESIGN Multicenter, randomized, double-masked, controlled clinical trial. ANIMALS 41 client-owned dogs. PROCEDURES After collection of baseline clinical and historical data, dogs were randomly assigned to receive topically applied undiluted heterologous serum (n = 22) or isotonic saline (0.9% NaCl) solution (19) along with tobramycin and atropine...
May 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410774/maintaining-the-gift-of-life-achieving-adherence-in-adolescent-heart-transplant-recipients
#12
Rachael Steuer, Sabrina Opiola McCauley
Since the beginning of United Network of Organ Sharing data collection in 1987, a total of 8,333 pediatric patients have received a heart transplant in the United States. Because these patients now have longer graft success with improved care and immunosuppression, many of them are entering adolescence and young adulthood. Primary care pediatric nurse practitioners need to be alert to the prevalence of noncompliance with treatment in heart transplant patients, which continues to be highest in adolescence. Low compliance in adolescence increases morbidity, contributes to decreasing quality of life, and is the leading reason for graft failure and mortality in this age group...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401508/on-effectiveness-and-legitimacy-of-shaming-as-a-strategy-for-combatting-climate-change
#13
Behnam Taebi, Azar Safari
While states have agreed to substantial reduction of emissions in the Paris Agreement, the success of the Agreement strongly depends on the cooperation of large Multinational Corporations. Short of legal obligations, we discuss the effectiveness and moral legitimacy of voluntary approaches based on naming and shaming. We argue that effectiveness and legitimacy are closely tied together; as voluntary approaches are the only alternative to legally imposed duties, they are most morally defensible particularly if they would be the most effective in reducing the harmful greenhouse gases...
April 11, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401394/revisiting-inland-hypoxia-diverse-exceedances-of-dissolved-oxygen-thresholds-for-freshwater-aquatic-life
#14
Gavin N Saari, Zhen Wang, Bryan W Brooks
Water resources in many regions are stressed by impairments resulting from climate change, population growth and urbanization. In the United States (US), water quality criteria (WQC) and standards (WQS) were established to protect surface waters and associated designated uses, including aquatic life. In inland waters of the south central US, for example, depressed dissolved oxygen (DO) consistently results in impaired aquatic systems due to noncompliance with DO WQC and WQS. In the present study, we systematically examined currently available DO threshold data for freshwater fish and invertebrates and performed probabilistic aquatic hazard assessments with low DO toxicity data that were used to derive the US Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Ambient Water Quality Criteria (AWQC) for DO and newly published information...
April 11, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392809/in-vitro-susceptibility-of-mycobacterium-ulcerans-isolates-to-selected-antimicrobials
#15
Enid Owusu, Mercy J Newman, Kwesi K Addo, Phyllis Addo
Background. The current definitive treatment of Buruli ulcer with antibiotics makes the issue of antimicrobial drug resistance an unavoidable one. This is as a result of drug misuse by health personnel and patients' noncompliance to treatment regimen. Monitoring of these factors and screening for new effective antimicrobials are crucial to effective management of Buruli ulcer disease. This study therefore investigated the inhibitory activity of some antibiotics against isolates of Mycobacterium ulcerans. Methods...
2017: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392228/subungual-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-case-study
#16
Cory J Neill
The purpose of this case study is to describe a dosimetric delivery of radiation to a superficial disease process involving the skin and bone of the distal finger. A 76-year-old male patient presented with a subungual squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the left distal index finger with bony involvement. The patient refused conventional surgical treatment but agreed to external beam radiation therapy (EBRT). There is a gap in the current literature describing how to successfully immobilize fingers and which EBRT modality is dosimetrically advantageous in treating them...
April 6, 2017: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391900/estrogen-associated-severe-hypertriglyceridemia-with-pancreatitis
#17
Sumayah Aljenedil, Robert A Hegele, Jacques Genest, Zuhier Awan
BACKGROUND: Estrogen, whether therapeutic or physiologic, can cause hypertriglyceridemia. Hypertriglyceridemia-induced pancreatitis is a rare complication. CASES: We report 2 women who developed estrogen-associated severe hypertriglyceridemia with pancreatitis. The first patient developed pancreatitis secondary to hypertriglyceridemia associated with in vitro fertilization cycles. Marked reduction in her triglyceride was achieved with dietary restrictions and fibrate...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385466/self-reported-behaviors-and-perceptions-of-australian-paramedics-in-relation-to-hand-hygiene-and-gloving-practices-in-paramedic-led-health-care
#18
Nigel Barr, Mark Holmes, Anne Roiko, Peter Dunn, Bill Lord
BACKGROUND: Noncompliance with recommended hand hygiene and gloving practices by workers in the emergency medical services may contribute to the transmission of health care-associated infections and lead to poor patient outcomes. The aim of this study was to explore the self-reported behaviors and perceptions of Australian paramedics in relation to their hand hygiene and gloving practices in paramedic-led health care. METHODS: A national online survey (n = 417; 17% response rate) and 2 semistructured focus groups (6 per group) were conducted with members of Paramedics Australasia...
April 3, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376228/association-between-colorectal-cancer-mortality-and-gradient-fecal-hemoglobin-concentration-in-colonoscopy-noncompliers
#19
Yi-Chia Lee, Sam Li-Sheng Chen, Amy Ming-Fang Yen, Sherry Yueh-Hsia Chiu, Jean Ching-Yuan Fann, Shu-Lin Chuang, Tsung-Hsien Chiang, Chu-Kuang Chou, Han-Mo Chiu, Ming-Shiang Wu, Chien-Yuan Wu, Shu-Li Chia, Shu-Ti Chiou, Hsiu-Hsi Chen
Background: To what extent the risk for colorectal cancer (CRC) death among noncompliers of colonoscopy is elevated following positive fecal immunological testing and whether the elevated risk varies with the fecal hemoglobin concentration (f-Hb) and location of CRC have not been researched. Methods: We used data on 59 389 individuals (4.0%) among 1 489 937 Taiwanese screenees age 50 to 69 years with f-Hb 20 μg hemoglobin or more per gram of feces from 2004 to 2009...
May 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374492/in-vitro-laser-fenestration-of-aortic-stent-grafts-a-qualitative-analysis-under-scanning-electron-microscope
#20
Jing Lin, Naval Udgiri, Robert Guidoin, Jean Panneton, Xiaoning Guan, Maxime Guillemette, Lu Wang, Jia Du, Dajie Zhu, Mark Nutley, Ze Zhang
In situ fenestration of stent-grafts allows patients with life threatening aortic pathologies to be amenable to emergent "off the shelf indications for use" percutaneous treatments as a bail out technique. Three types of aortic stent-grafts were subjected to laser fenestration in a physiological saline solution followed by balloon angioplasty using 8, 10 or 12 mm in diameter noncompliant balloons. The morphology and the size of fenestrations were observed under optical and scanning electron microscopy. The damage to the fabrics was analyzed and quantified...
November 2016: Artificial Organs
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