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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344340/assessment-and-management-of-sexual-dysfunction-in-the-context-of-depression
#1
REVIEW
Pratap R Chokka, Jeffrey R Hankey
Sexual dysfunction (SD) is pervasive and underreported, and its effects on quality of life are underestimated. Due in part to its bidirectional relationship with depression, SD can be difficult to diagnose; it is also a common side effect of many antidepressants, leading to treatment noncompliance. While physicians often count on patients to spontaneously report SD, treatment is optimized when the clinician instead performs a thorough assessment of sexual functioning before and during drug therapy using a standardized questionnaire such as the Arizona Sexual Experiences Scale (ASEX)...
January 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335232/smartphone-app-using-mindfulness-meditation-for-women-with-chronic-pelvic-pain-memphis-protocol-for-a-randomized-feasibility-trial
#2
Elizabeth Ball, Sian Newton, Brennan C Kahan, Gordon Forbes, Neil Wright, Clara Cantalapiedra Calvete, Harry A L Gibson, Ewelina Rogozinska, Carol Rivas, Stephanie J C Taylor, Judy Birch, Julie Dodds
BACKGROUND: Female chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is defined as intermittent or constant pelvic or lower abdominal pain occurring in a woman for at least 6 months. Up to a quarter of women are estimated to be affected by CPP worldwide and it is responsible for one fifth of specialist gynecological referrals in the United Kingdom. Psychological interventions are commonly utilized. As waiting times and funding capacity impede access to face-to-face consultations, supported self-management (SSM) has emerged as a viable alternative...
January 15, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334882/federal-parity-and-access-to-behavioral-health-care-in-private-health-plans
#3
Dominic Hodgkin, Constance M Horgan, Maureen T Stewart, Amity E Quinn, Timothy B Creedon, Sharon Reif, Deborah W Garnick
OBJECTIVE: The 2008 Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA) sought to improve access to behavioral health care by regulating health plans' coverage and management of services. Health plans have some discretion in how to achieve compliance with MHPAEA, leaving questions about its likely effects on health plan policies. In this study, the authors' objective was to determine how private health plans' coverage and management of behavioral health treatment changed after the federal parity law's full implementation...
January 16, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330339/hiv-positive-kidney-donor-selection-for-hiv-positive-transplant-recipients
#4
Elmi Muller, Zunaid Barday
The risks associated with transplanting HIV-positive kidneys into HIV-positive recipients have not been well studied. Since 2008, 43 kidneys from 25 HIV-positive deceased donors have been transplanted into patients who are HIV positive in Cape Town, South Africa. Among the donors, 19 (76%) died secondary to trauma. The average age for donors was 34 (interquartile range, 19-52) years old. In some donors, only one kidney was used because of a limited number of suitable recipients on the waiting list. Only two donors had been previously exposed to antiretroviral triple therapy...
January 12, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325468/does-enhanced-support-for-offenders-effectively-reduce-custodial-violence-and-disruption-an-evaluation-of-the-enhanced-support-service-pilot
#5
Jake Camp, Kerry Joy, Mark Freestone
This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of The Enhanced Support Service (ESS) pilot in reducing custodial violence and disruption, and the associated costs, by observing the behavioural change of the 35 service users who participated in ESS intervention within its first 22 months of operation. Frequencies of recorded incidents of aggressive behaviours, self-harming behaviours, noncompliance, and positive behaviours were counted from routine administrative systems using a coding structure developed in previous studies...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324952/analysis-of-incidents-notified-in-a-general-hospital
#6
Mirela Lopes de Figueiredo, Carla Silvana de Oliveira E Silva, Maria Fernanda Santos Figueiredo Brito, Maria D'Innocenzo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidents spontaneously notified in a general hospital in Minas Gerais. METHOD: Retrospective, descriptive, quantitative study performed at a general hospital in Montes Claros - Minas Gerais State. The sample comprised 1,316 incidents reported from 2011 to 2014. The data were submitted to descriptive statistical analysis using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 18.0. RESULTS: The prevalence of incidents was 33...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319624/long-term-outcome-of-one-step-kidney-transplantation-and-bladder-augmentation-procedure-in-pediatric-patients
#7
R Cleper, D Ben Meir, I Krause, P Livne, E Mor, M Davidovits, A Dagan
BACKGROUND: Guidelines for bladder augmentation (BA) in kidney transplant (KT) recipients are not well-defined. In our center, simultaneous BA with KT (BA-KT) is performed. We assessed transplantation outcomes of this unique extensive procedure. METHODS: A case-control single center retrospective study. Transplantation outcomes were compared with those of KT recipients who did not need BA. RESULTS: Compared to 22 patients who underwent KT only, for 9 who underwent BA-KT, surgical complications and the need for revision in the early posttransplantation period were similar; early graft function was better: estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR): 96...
January 10, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316487/available-sight-distance-on-existing-highways-meeting-stopping-sight-distance-requirements-of-an-aging-population
#8
Suliman A Gargoum, Mostafa H Tawfeek, Karim El-Basyouny, James C Koch
An important element of highway design is ensuring that the available sight distance (ASD) on a highway meets driver needs. For instance, if the ASD at any point on a highway is less than the distance required to come to a complete stop after seeing a hazard (i.e. Stopping Sight Distance (SSD)), the driver will not be able to stop in time to avoid a collision. SSD is function of a number of variables which vary depending on the driver, the vehicle driven and surface conditions; examples of such variables include a driver's perception reaction time or PRT (i...
January 6, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305940/complications-and-outcomes-of-pregnancy-and-cesarean-delivery-in-women-with-neuropathic-bladder-and-lower-urinary-tract-reconstruction
#9
Joshua D Roth, Jessica T Casey, Benjamin M Whittam, Konrad M Szymanski, Martin Kaefer, Richard C Rink, Frank P Schubert, Mark P Cain, Rosalia Misseri
Objective To determine the outcomes of pregnancy and cesarean delivery (CD) delivery in women with neuropathic bladder (NB) and pediatric lower urinary tract reconstruction (LUTR) as these women often have normal fertility and may become pregnant. Methods We reviewed consecutive patients from July 2001 to June 2016 with NB due to spinal dysphraphism who underwent LUTR, became pregnant, and had a CD at our institution. We collected data on demographics, hydronephrosis, symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI), continence and catheterization during pregnancy...
January 3, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305280/challenges-for-environmental-hygiene-practices-in-australian-paramedic-led-health-care-a-brief-report
#10
Nigel Barr, Mark Holmes, Anne Roiko, Peter Dunn, Bill Lord
This study explored the self-reported behaviors and perceptions of Australian paramedics in relation to their environmental hygiene practices. A national online survey was conducted with Paramedics Australasia members (N = 417). Participants reported working in ambulances often contaminated with body fluids. Widespread noncompliance with routine and deep cleaning of ambulances, and misunderstandings about environmental hygiene practices were apparent. Improvements to environmental hygiene practices of Australian paramedics are recommended to avoid pathogen transmission and ensure patient safety...
January 3, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304055/is-intuition-really-cooperative-improved-tests-support-the-social-heuristics-hypothesis
#11
Ozan Isler, John Maule, Chris Starmer
Understanding human cooperation is a major scientific challenge. While cooperation is typically explained with reference to individual preferences, a recent cognitive process view hypothesized that cooperation is regulated by socially acquired heuristics. Evidence for the social heuristics hypothesis rests on experiments showing that time-pressure promotes cooperation, a result that can be interpreted as demonstrating that intuition promotes cooperation. This interpretation, however, is highly contested because of two potential confounds...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301964/impact-and-cost-effectiveness-of-snail-control-to-achieve-disease-control-targets-for-schistosomiasis
#12
Nathan C Lo, David Gurarie, Nara Yoon, Jean T Coulibaly, Eran Bendavid, Jason R Andrews, Charles H King
Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease that affects over 240 million people globally. To improve population-level disease control, there is growing interest in adding chemical-based snail control interventions to interrupt the lifecycle of Schistosoma in its snail host to reduce parasite transmission. However, this approach is not widely implemented, and given environmental concerns, the optimal conditions for when snail control is appropriate are unclear. We assessed the potential impact and cost-effectiveness of various snail control strategies...
January 4, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298195/an-intervention-to-reduce-medication-noncompliance-and-hospitalizations
#13
Gina Panozzo
Medication noncompliance is a major healthcare problem contributing to patients being rehospitalized shortly after they are discharged. In addition to financial penalties for certain diagnoses, health systems are penalized on quality measures for all rehospitalizations within 30 days, regardless of diagnosis. The purpose of this quality improvement project was to develop and implement a tool utilizing principles of the Theory of Goal Attainment to assist clinicians and patients in mutual goal setting to improve medication compliance, thus indirectly decreasing hospitalization rates...
January 2018: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296051/effects-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-on-anxiety-depression-and-major-cardiac-and-cerebro-vascular-events-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-with-and-without-coronary-artery-disease
#14
Ming-Chung Lee, Yu-Chih Shen, Ji-Hung Wang, Yu-Ying Li, Tzu-Hsien Li, En-Ting Chang, Hsiu-Mei Wang
Objective: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with bad cardiovascular outcomes and a high prevalence of anxiety and depression. This study investigated the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on the severity of anxiety and depression in OSA patients with or without coronary artery disease (CAD) and on the rate of cardio- and cerebro-vascular events in those with OSA and CAD. Materials and Methods: This prospective study included patients with moderate-to-severe OSA, with or without a recent diagnosis of CAD; all were started on CPAP therapy...
October 2017: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296014/do-recordkeeping-errors-alone-justify-a-noncompliance-citation
#15
Jerald Silverman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2017: Lab Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289700/adherence-to-synthetic-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-drugs-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-of-the-observar-study
#16
Antonio Juan Mas, Santos Castañeda, José I Cantero Santamaría, José L Baquero, Francisco J Del Toro Santos
BACKGROUND: Treatment compliance with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARD) is essential to achieve the therapeutic goals in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, despite the need for good compliance, there is evidence that patients with RA frequently fail to use DMARD for the control of RA. Thus, the main objective of the OBSERVAR study is to evaluate the reasons for the lack of therapeutic adherence to synthetic DMARD in these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A Delphi process involving 18 randomly selected Spanish rheumatologists determined the level of agreement with 66 causes of noncompliance selected from the literature in relation to synthetic DMARD in RA...
December 27, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278642/maternal-phenylketonuria-syndrome-studies-in-mice-suggest-a-potential-approach-to-a-continuing-problem
#17
William L Zeile, Helen C McCune, Donald G Musson, Brian O'Donnell, Charles A O'Neill, Laurie S Tsuruda, Roberto T Zori, Philip J Laipis
BACKGROUND: Untreated Phenylketonuria (PKU), one of the most common human genetic disorders, usually results in mental retardation. While a protein-restricted artificial diet can prevent retardation, dietary compliance in adults is often poor. In pregnant PKU women, noncompliance can result in maternal PKU syndrome, where high phenylalanine (Phe) levels cause severe fetal complications. Enzyme substitution therapy using phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) corrects PKU in BTBR phenylalanine hydroxylase (Pahenu2) mutant mice, suggesting a potential for maternal PKU syndrome treatment in humans...
December 21, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273558/risk-factors-for-late-screening-mammography
#18
John Davis, Juliana Liang, Matthew B Petterson, Albert T Roh, Navya Chundu, Paul Kang, Samantha L Matz, Mary J Connell, Daniel G Gridley
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer has the highest incidence of cancers in women in the United States. Previous research has shown that screening mammography contributes to reduced breast cancer mortality. This study aimed to clarify why late screening might occur in an at-risk population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a prospective cross-sectional study including 758 patients presenting to our radiology department for routine screening mammography who completed a 30-question survey regarding personal characteristics and mammography history...
November 3, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260463/driving-restrictions-for-dutch-patients-with-an-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-compliance-and-associated-factors
#19
N Jongejan, I Timmermans, J Elders, K Meijer, M Meine, P A Doevendans, H Versteeg, A E Tuinenburg
BACKGROUND: Dutch patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) are restricted from driving for two months after implantation or shocks. This requires significant lifestyle adjustments and is one of the primary concerns of ICD patients. Previous studies indicated that compliance with the driving restrictions is poor, but insight in socio-demographic, clinical and psychological factors associated with compliance is limited. Hence, this study aimed to explore compliance with the driving restrictions and associated factors in a large sample of Dutch ICD patients...
December 19, 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260079/a-stepping-stone-in-treating-dendritic-keratitis
#20
Hosam Sheha, Sean Tighe, Anny M S Cheng, Scheffer C G Tseng
Purpose: To report the outcome of self-retained amniotic membrane after debridement in recurrent dendritic keratitis. Observations: A 70-year-old female with a recurrent dendritic corneal ulcer received debridement followed by placement of self-retained amniotic membrane. Five days after treatment, the patient experienced a complete resolution of symptoms, marked reduction of inflammation, complete re-epithelialization of the cornea and improvement of visual acuity...
September 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
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