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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329635/compliance-with-indoor-tanning-laws-for-minors-among-salons-and-business-in-the-united-states
#1
Courtney Choy, Brenda Cartmel, Rachel Clare, Leah M Ferrucci
Indoor tanning is an established risk factor for skin cancer, yet indoor tanning is quite common among adolescents. Laws exists in some states to limit access to indoor tanning by minors, but there is limited research on industry compliance with these laws.We conducted a telephone survey with a random sample of businesses (n=412) offering indoor tanning in the 14 states with indoor tanning bans for minors as of May 2015. Female research assistants posing as minors conducted telephone interviews with employees using a standardized script...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328172/acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#2
REVIEW
Michael E Rytting, Elias J Jabbour, Susan M O'Brien, Hagop M Kantarjian
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the adolescent and young adult (AYA) population is a difficult clinical problem. The AYA population, generally regarded as patients aged 15 to 39 years, currently draws a good deal of attention, particularly in the area of therapy selection. The current trend is to treat this group of patients with leukemia regimens based on pediatric protocols, and results comparing pediatric approaches versus adult approaches to treatment are maturing. Results are pending from a large US trial in which pediatric-based treatment is given to AYA patients with ALL...
March 22, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326107/factors-related-to-noncompliance-in-screening-and-tracking-mild-cognitive-impairment-patients-in-a-single-community
#3
Chanmin Park, Won Sub Kang, Jong Woo Kim, Jong-Woo Paik, Young Jong Kim, Jun Hee Jeon, Mee Ae Lee, Jae Gwang Kim, Ji Young Song
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the cumulative conversion rates (CCR) from minor cognitive impairment (MCI) to dementia among individuals who failed to participate in annual screening for dementia. Additionally, we analyzed the reasons for failing to receive follow-up screening in order to develop better strategies for improving follow-up screening rates. METHODS: We contacted MCI patients who had not visited the Dongdaemun-gu Center for Dementia for annual screening during the year following their registration...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318298/factors-associated-with-compliance-to-increased-fluid-intake-and-urine-volume-following-dietary-counseling-in-first-time-kidney-stone-patients
#4
Aziz Khambati, Richard S Matulewicz, Kent T Perry, Robert B Nadler
OBJECTIVE: Increasing fluid intake to achieve a urine volume (UV) of >2.5 L/day decreases stone events. We assessed compliance rates and demographic and clinical variables associated with increased fluid intake and UV in patients with urolithiasis following dietary counseling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective study, patients with a low baseline UV (<2.5 L/day) on an initial 24-hour urine collection during metabolic stone evaluation were identified between 2010 and 2015...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303433/the-decade-of-face-transplant-outcomes
#5
Maria Siemionow
At the 10th year anniversary of the first face transplantation, 37 patients worldwide, were the recipients of faces coming from human donors. Five patients died due to complications, noncompliance with immunosuppressive medications and development of cancer. Despite the initial debates and ethical concerns, face transplantation became a clinical reality with satisfactory functional outcomes. The areas of controversy still include the impact of life-long immunosuppression on otherwise healthy patients as well as the selection process of face transplant candidates...
May 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291497/variation-in-postinjury-antibiotic-prophylaxis-patterns-over-five-years-in-a-combat-zone
#6
Bradley A Lloyd, Clinton K Murray, William Bradley, Faraz Shaikh, Deepak Aggarwal, M Leigh Carson, David R Tribble
In 2008, a clinical practice guideline (CPG) was developed for the prevention of infections among combat casualties and was later revised in 2011. We evaluated utilization of antimicrobials within 48 hours following injury in the combat zone over a 5-year period (June 2009 through May 2014) with regard to number of regimens, type of antimicrobial, and adherence to the 2011 CPG. The study population consisted of 5,196 wounded military personnel. Open fractures and skin and soft-tissue injuries were the most frequent injuries...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289449/does-personality-play-a-role-in%C3%A2-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-compliance
#7
REVIEW
Emily L Maschauer, Donna M Fairley, Renata L Riha
KEY POINTS: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) adherence is low among individuals with obstructive sleep apnoea.Type D personality and high scores on the depression and hypochondriasis scales on the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) have been identified as factors contributing to non-compliance with CPAP.Further research into personality type may assist in understanding why some people adhere to CPAP, while others fail. Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a condition characterised by repetitive, intermittent partial or complete collapse/obstruction of the upper airway during sleep...
March 2017: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283142/determinants-of-weaning-practices-among-mothers-of-infants-aged-below-12-months-in-masvingo-zimbabwe
#8
Laston Gonah, Julia Mutambara
BACKGROUND: Poor weaning practices have been reported to contribute to high infant mortality and morbidity rates especially in developing countries. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine factors related to weaning that predispose, reinforce and enable mothers of infants younger than age 12 months to comply or not to comply with the World Health Organization (WHO) 2009 guidelines on appropriate infant feeding. METHODS: The present study was a descriptive cross-sectional study...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281972/a-randomized-controlled-open-label-pilot-study-of-simvastatin-addition-to-whole-brain-radiation-therapy-in-patients-with-brain-metastases
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Manal El-Hamamsy, Hesham Elwakil, Amr S Saad, May A Shawki
Statins have been reported to have a potential radiosensitizing effect that has not been evaluated in clinical trials. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of simvastatin in addition to whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT) in patients with brain metastases (BM). A prospective randomized, controlled, open-label pilot study was conducted on 50 Egyptian patients with BM who were randomly assigned to receive 30-Gy WBRT (control group: 25 patients) or 30 Gy WBRT + simvastatin 80 mg/day for the WBRT period (simvastatin group: 25 patients)...
October 27, 2016: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277471/twenty-four-hour-voiding-diaries-versus-3-day-voiding-diaries-a-clinical-comparison
#10
Caroline Elmer, Amber Murphy, John O Elliott, Nicole M Book
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine if 24-hour versus 3-day voiding diary affects medical decision making for women with urinary incontinence. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of patients presenting to the OhioHealth Urogynecology Physician group for urinary incontinence from 2009 to 2011. Practice protocol includes patient completion of a 3-day voiding diary before their appointment. Diagnostic and treatment plans were extracted based on the initial patient encounter and 3-day voiding diary...
March 9, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270383/patterns-and-predictors-of-adherence-to-statin-therapy-among-older-patients-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#11
Richard Ofori-Asenso, Ella Zomer, Andrea Curtis, Andrew Tonkin, Mark Nelson, Manoj Gambhir, Danny Liew, Sophia Zoungas
BACKGROUND: The benefits of statin therapy are significantly compromised by noncompliance. Although elderly patients may have particular challenges with medication adherence and persistence, previous reviews on statin adherence have not focused on this population. Additionally, comparisons of adherence and persistence specific to statin indication (primary or secondary prevention) have not been thoroughly explored. OBJECTIVE: We aim to assess the extent of, and factors associated with, adherence and persistence to statin therapy among older populations (aged ≥65 years)...
March 7, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267393/interruptions-of-head-and-neck-radiotherapy-across-insured-and-indigent-patient-populations
#12
Kimberly Thomas, Travis Martin, Ang Gao, Chul Ahn, Holly Wilhelm, David L Schwartz
PURPOSE: Radiotherapy for head and neck cancer is a cornerstone of care, requiring 30 to 35 days of treatment over 6 to 7 weeks. Diligent patient compliance is crucial, and unplanned treatment interruptions reduce cure rates. We studied interruption rates in private carrier-insured and Medicare-insured populations versus indigent populations served by a single academic health system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of electronic medical and billing records was performed analyzing treatment interruptions between January 2011 and December 2014...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266578/a-peptide-vaccine-targeting-angiotensin-ii-attenuates-the-cardiac-dysfunction-induced-by-myocardial-infarction
#13
Ryo Watanabe, Jun-Ichi Suzuki, Kouji Wakayama, Yasuhiro Maejima, Munehisa Shimamura, Hiroshi Koriyama, Hironori Nakagami, Hidetoshi Kumagai, Yuichi Ikeda, Hiroshi Akazawa, Ryuichi Morishita, Issei Komuro, Mitsuaki Isobe
A peptide vaccine targeting angiotensin II (Ang II) was recently developed as a novel treatment for hypertension to resolve the problem of noncompliance with pharmacotherapy. Ang II plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of cardiac remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI), which causes heart failure. In the present study, we examined whether the Ang II vaccine is effective in preventing heart failure. The injection of the Ang II vaccine in a rat model of MI attenuated cardiac dysfunction in association with an elevation in the serum anti-Ang II antibody titer...
March 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260445/renal-impairment-and-complication-after-kidney-transplant-at-queen-rania-abdulla-children-s-hospital
#14
Reham Issa Almardini, Ghazi Mohamad Salita, Mahdi Qasem Farah, Issa Ahmad Katatbeh, Katibh Al-Rabadi
OBJECTIVES: Kidney transplant is the treatment of choice for end-stage renal disease, but it is not without complications. We review the medical cause of significant renal impairment and complications that developed after kidney transplant in pediatric patients who required hospital admission and intervention and/or who were followed between 2007 and 2016. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective noninterventional chart review study was conducted in pediatric patients who received a kidney transplant and/or followed at the nephrology clinic at Queen Rania Abdulla Children's Hospital between 2007 and 2016...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252242/extended-adjuvant-endocrine-therapy-in-breast-cancer-evidence-and-update-a-review
#15
Marcel Jinih, Norma Relihan, Mark A Corrigan, Seamus O'Reilly, Henry P Redmond
The optimal duration and treatment strategies involving adjuvant endocrine therapy in early breast cancer remained largely undetermined. As data emerge on the various modalities of treatment in both pre- and postmenopausal groups, debates, and discussions continue. Most studies to date focused on the 5-year duration of treatment consisting of mainly tamoxifen. The Arimidex, Tamoxifen, Alone or in Combination (ATAC) study demonstrated that anastrozole is superior to tamoxifen and has become the mainstream treatment in postmenopausal women with early breast cancer, although the duration was arbitrarily set for 5 years, analogous to tamoxifen treatment...
March 2, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251091/a-cross-sectional-study-on-compliance-with-topical-glaucoma-medication-and-its-associated-socioeconomic-burden-for-a-chinese-population
#16
Man-Hin Lui, Jason Chun Ho Lam, Yi Lee Kwong, Tak Siu Wong, Pak Long Cheung, Sherri Shun Yan Lai, Pak Lun Yuen, Wai Yiu Lam, Ho Yan Chan, Yiu Fai Wong, Jimmy Shiu Ming Lai, Kendrick Co Shih
AIM: To estimate the overall drug compliance for local Chinese glaucoma patients on long-term topical treatment. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study. Fifty-seven primary glaucoma patients from the subspecialty clinic of a publicly-funded tertiary care hospital in Hong Kong completed a questionnaire on compliance with topical glaucoma medication, attitude towards glaucoma and therapy and vision related quality of life. Noncompliance was defined as reporting missing more than or equal to 10% of the prescribed topical glaucoma medication during the 2wk immediately prior to the consultation...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247427/assessing-the-effects-of-subject-motion-on-t2-relaxation-under-spin-tagging-trust-cerebral-oxygenation-measurements-using-volume-navigators
#17
Jeffrey N Stout, M Dylan Tisdall, Patrick McDaniel, Borjan Gagoski, Divya S Bolar, Patricia Ellen Grant, Elfar Adalsteinsson
PURPOSE: Subject motion may cause errors in estimates of blood T2 when using the T2 -relaxation under spin tagging (TRUST) technique on noncompliant subjects like neonates. By incorporating 3D volume navigators (vNavs) into the TRUST pulse sequence, independent measurements of motion during scanning permit evaluation of these errors. METHODS: The effects of integrated vNavs on TRUST-based T2 estimates were evaluated using simulations and in vivo subject data. Two subjects were scanned with the TRUST+vNav sequence during prescribed movements...
February 28, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241373/-multidisciplinary-tumor-boards-facts-and-satisfaction-analysis-of-an-indispensable-comprehensive-cancer-center-instrument
#18
Monika Engelhardt, Ricarda Selder, Masa Pandurevic, Mandy Möller, Gabriele Ihorst, Johannes Waldschmidt, Georg Herget, Ralph Wäsch
Background The established standard to ensure State-of-the-art cancer treatment - as a prerequisite in the national cancer plan and for comprehensive cancer centers (CCCs) today - is through interdisciplinary tumor boards (TBs). Methods This analysis assessed a newly founded CCC-TB for multiple myeloma (MM) patients, namely a) questions solved therein, b) level of compliance and c) evidence, d) frequency of clinical trial (CT) inclusion, d) progression free (PFS) and overall survival (OS) and e) satisfaction of TB-participants, referring physicians and MM patients...
February 27, 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229464/modified-atkins-diet-is-an-effective-treatment-for-children-with-doose-syndrome
#19
Adelheid Wiemer-Kruel, Edda Haberlandt, Hans Hartmann, Gabriele Wohlrab, Thomas Bast
OBJECTIVE: Children with myoclonic astatic epilepsy (MAE; Doose syndrome) whose seizures do not respond immediately to standard antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are at high risk of developing an epileptic encephalopathy with cognitive decline. A classic ketogenic diet (KD) is a highly effective alternative to AEDs. To date, there are only limited data on the effectiveness of the modified Atkins diet (MAD), which is less restrictive and more compatible with daily life. We report findings from a retrospective study on 30 MAE patients treated with MAD...
February 23, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226332/responsible-safe-and-effective-prescription-of-opioids-for-chronic-non-cancer-pain-american-society-of-interventional-pain-physicians-asipp-guidelines
#20
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Adam M Kaye, Nebojsa Nick Knezevic, Heath McAnally, Konstantin Slavin, Andrea M Trescot, Susan Blank, Vidyasagar Pampati, Salahadin Abdi, Jay S Grider, Alan D Kaye, Kavita N Manchikanti, Harold Cordner, Christopher G Gharibo, Michael E Harned, Sheri L Albers, Sairam Atluri, Steve M Aydin, Sanjay Bakshi, Robert L Barkin, Ramsin M Benyamin, Mark V Boswell, Ricardo M Buenaventura, Aaron K Calodney, David L Cedeno, Sukdeb Datta, Timothy R Deer, Bert Fellows, Vincent Galan, Vahid Grami, Hans Hansen, Standiford Helm Ii, Rafael Justiz, Dhanalakshmi Koyyalagunta, Yogesh Malla, Annu Navani, Kent H Nouri, Ramarao Pasupuleti, Nalini Sehgal, Sanford M Silverman, Thomas T Simopoulos, Vijay Singh, Daneshvari R Solanki, Peter S Staats, Ricardo Vallejo, Bradley W Wargo, Arthur Watanabe, Joshua A Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Opioid use, abuse, and adverse consequences, including death, have escalated at an alarming rate since the 1990s. In an attempt to control opioid abuse, numerous regulations and guidelines for responsible opioid prescribing have been developed by various organizations. However, the US opioid epidemic is continuing and drug dose deaths tripled during 1999 to 2015. Recent data show a continuing increase in deaths due to natural and semisynthetic opioids, a decline in methadone deaths, and an explosive increase in the rates of deaths involving other opioids, specifically heroin and illicit synthetic fentanyl...
February 2017: Pain Physician
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