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Cardiac tamponade

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242940/clinics-in-diagnostic-imaging-182-acute-descending-aortic-dissection-with-aortic-root-retrograde-extension
#1
John Nathan Gifford, Angeline Choo Choo Poh
A 77-year-old man presented with acute-onset severe chest pain radiating to the back and elevated blood pressure. Multiphasic computed tomography of the aorta revealed an intimal tear in the descending thoracic aorta which extended both retrograde to the aortic root and antegrade to the infra-renal abdominal aorta. The initial impression, that the images showed a Stanford type B aortic dissection, was because the portion of the false lumen that extended beyond the aortic arch remained unopacified even on delayed phases, making it challenging to assess the extent of the dissection flap...
December 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240719/pericardial-effusion-as-a-presenting-symptom-of-hashimoto-thyroiditis-a-case-report
#2
Alberto Leonardi, Laura Penta, Marta Cofini, Lucia Lanciotti, Nicola Principi, Susanna Esposito
Background: Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) is the most frequent cause of acquired hypothyroidism in paediatrics. HT is usually diagnosed in older children and adolescents, mainly in females and is rare in infants and toddlers with cardiac involvement, including pericardial effusion, that can be found in 10% to 30% of adult HT cases. In this paper, a child with HT and pericardial effusion as the most important sign of HT is described. Case presentation: A four-year-old male child suffering for a few months from recurrent abdominal pain sometimes associated with vomiting underwent an abdominal ultrasound scan outside the hospital...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237544/cardiac-tamponade-due-to-internal-mammary-artery-injury-after-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-case-report
#3
Keon Kim, Eun Kim, Duk Hee Lee
Vascular injuries caused by cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can be associated with major complications. If patients who have received CPR have sudden abnormal hemodynamic findings, it is necessary to consider the possibility of these injuries. We report a 73-year-old man who had cardiac tamponade due to an injury to the internal mammary artery following manual chest compression. This very rare injury was detected by computed tomography and was treated by thoracotomy and hematoma evacuation.
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229472/cardiac-tamponade-an-unusual-presentation-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#4
Persio D López, Rachna Valvani, Savi Mushiyev, Ferdinand Visco, Gerald Pekler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226905/case-image-rare-cause-of-recurrent-pericardial-tamponade-cardiac-angiosarcoma
#5
Yusuf Ziya Şener, Metin Okşul, Ahmet Kıvrak, Uğur Canpolat, Serdar Aksöyek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225836/cardiac-tamponade-occurred-after-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-conservative-management-of-the-esophagopericardial-fistula
#6
Davide Bona, Greta Isabella Saino, Massimo Medda, Valerio Panizzo, Giancarlo Micheletto
We describe the case of an esophagopericardial fistula generated after endoscopic submucosal dissection in a patient affected by a superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma immediately treated with percutaneous pericardial drainage and placement of a partially covered self-expanding metal stent that has been removed using the stent-in-stent technique after 35 days.
December 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225831/delayed-right-ventricular-lead-perforation-complicated-by-tamponade-in-biventricular-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#7
Najla Kourireche, Amal Boutakhrit, Fatima Chikhi, Ibtissam Fellat, Mohammed Cherti
This report highlights the importance of a more cautious approach in a patient with a history of implanted cardiac leads presenting with chest pain or dyspnea, to prevent overlooking cardiac lead perforations especially in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy which seems to be not absolutely protective.
December 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223726/computed-tomography-measurement-of-the-left-atrial-appendage-for-optimal-sizing-of-the-watchman-device
#8
Bo Xu, Jorge Betancor, Kimi Sato, Serge Harb, Karim Abdur Rehman, Kunal Patel, Arnav Kumar, Paul C Cremer, Wael Jaber, L Leonardo Rodriguez, Paul Schoenhagen, Oussama Wazni
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion is an emerging treatment option for patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation who cannot tolerate oral anticoagulation. The Watchman device (Boston Scientific Corporation, Natick, MA, USA) is deployed at the ostium of the LAA, and an appropriately sized device is critical for successful occlusion. However, standardized imaging protocols for device sizing have not been established. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the clinical utility of a standardized imaging protocol, with pre-procedural multi-detector cardiac computed tomography (MDCT), and intra-procedural transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), for Watchman device sizing...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210722/point-of-care-ultrasound-in-the-periarrest-setting-lessons-learned-a-case-report
#9
Peter Juhl-Olsen, Rasmus Aagaard, Anni Nørgaard Jeppesen
Point-of-care ultrasound may elucidate reversible causes of cardiac arrest, and its use is supported by international guidelines in the periarrest setting. We present a case in which the treatment of cardiac arrest caused tension pneumothoraces and cardiac tamponade by pneumopericardium. Both pneumothorax and tamponade were expected to be identified with ultrasound, but were not. Subcutaneous emphysema precluded the diagnosis of pneumothorax. Cardiac imaging was false negative for tamponade, because the latter was caused by air and not fluid...
November 27, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210710/hemopericardium-and-acute-cardiac-tamponade
#10
Sandeep Khanna, Kamal Maheshwari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207365/thirty-day-outcomes-in-100-consecutive-patients-undergoing-transfemoral-aortic-valve-replacement-with-the-portico-valve-on-an-all-comer-basis
#11
Silvia Mas-Peiro, Mariuca Vasa-Nicotera, Helge Weiler, Nestoras Papadopoulos, Roberta De Rosa, Andreas M Zeiher, Stephan Fichtlscherer
OBJECTIVES: Transcatheter heart valves such as the self-expandable Portico valve (St. Jude Medical) are being developed to overcome limitations of first-generation devices. Since clinical experience with this valve is still limited in a real-world setting, we investigated its use on an all-comer basis. METHODS: Between October 2015 and October 2016, a total of 100 consecutive patients assessed for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and found suitable for the Portico valve were included...
December 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202543/-experts-consensus-on-the-management-of-the-right-heart-function-in-critically-ill-patients
#12
X T Wang, D W Liu, H M Zhang, Y Long, X D Guan, H B Qiu, K J Yu, J Yan, H Zhao, Y Q Tang, X Ding, X C Ma, W Du, Y Kang, B Tang, Y H Ai, H W He, D C Chen, H Chen, W Z Chai, X Zhou, N Cui, H Wang, X Rui, Z J Hu, J G Li, Y Xu, Y Yang, B Ouyan, H Y Lin, Y M Li, X Y Wan, R L Yang, Y Z Qin, Y G Chao, Z Y Xie, R H Sun, Z Y He, D F Wang, Q Q Huang, D P Jiang, X Y Cao, R G Yu, X Wang, X K Chen, J F Wu, L N Zhang, M G Yin, L X Liu, S W Li, Z J Chen, Z Luo
To establish the experts consensus on the right heart function management in critically ill patients. The panel of consensus was composed of 30 experts in critical care medicine who are all members of Critical Hemodynamic Therapy Collaboration Group (CHTC Group). Each statement was assessed based on the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation) principle. Then the Delphi method was adopted by 52 experts to reassess all the statements. (1) Right heart function is prone to be affected in critically illness, which will result in a auto-exaggerated vicious cycle...
December 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183138/-experimental-model-for-cardiogenic-shock-with-pericardial-tamponade
#13
Gábor Bari, Szilárd Szűcs, Dániel Érces, Melinda Ugocsai, Noémi Bozsó, Dóra Balog, Mihály Boros, Gabriella Varga
INTRODUCTION: Pericardial tamponade (PT) is a life-threatening condition, with low cardiac output. The hemodynamic consequences of PT can severely affect the circulation of all tissues, including the microcirculation of the kidneys and the intestinal mucosa. Our aim was to develop a hemodynamically stable and controllable large animal model of PT to study the consequences of cardiogenic shock. METHODS: Two groups of anesthetized vietnamese minipigs (n = 6, both groups) were used...
December 2017: Magyar Sebészet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180025/delay-from-diagnosis-to-surgery-in-transferred-type-a-aortic-dissection
#14
William Froehlich, Jip L Tolenaar, Kevin M Harris, Craig Strauss, Thoralf M Sundt, Thomas T Tsai, Mark D Peterson, Arturo Evangelista, Daniel G Montgomery, Eva Kline-Rogers, Christoph A Nienaber, James B Froehlich, Eric M Isselbacher, Kim A Eagle, Santi Trimarchi
OBJECTIVES: To analyze factors associated with delays to surgical management of Type A acute aortic dissection patients enrolled in the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection. METHODS: We evaluated 1880 surgically-managed Type A acute aortic dissection patients enrolled between 1996 and 2012 with data for times of diagnosis and surgery, accounting for demographic, clinical and diagnostic variables associated with surgical delay. RESULTS: The majority of patients were transferred (75...
November 24, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173612/a-case-of-spontaneous-coronary-artery-dissection-complicated-by-free-wall-rupture
#15
Hussain Alzayer, Matthias Bossard, Shoeb Ahsan, Michael Tsang, Richard Whitlock, Tej Sheth
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is an unusual and underdiagnosed cause of nonatherosclerotic acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Patients might present in various ways including chest pain, ST-elevation ACS, ventricular arrhythmia, and sudden cardiac death. In a few reports, it manifested initially as cardiac tamponade. The association of SCAD with free wall rupture is extremely rare. We present a unique case of a 70-year-old woman who initially presented with non-ST elevation ACS and was found to have SCAD on angiography, which was subsequently complicated by cardiac tamponade with free wall rupture...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171276/pericardial-effusion-following-cardiac-surgery-a-single-center-experience
#16
Hien Sinh Nguyen, Hung Doan-Thai Nguyen, Thang Duc Vu
Background Pericardial effusion is still a common postoperative complication after open heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Pericardial effusion significantly prolongs the hospital stay and associated costs as well as affecting overall outcomes after open heart surgery in Hanoi Heart Hospital, a tertiary hospital in Vietnam with an annual volume of 1000 patients. This study aimed to investigate the clinical presentation, incidence, and risk factors of postoperative pericardial effusion, which may ensure better prevention of pericardial effusion and improvement in surgical outcomes after open heart surgery...
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169983/novel-proctorship-effectively-teaches-interventionists-coronary-artery-chronic-total-occlusion-lesions
#17
Masanori Yamamoto, Etsuo Tsuchikane, Ai Kagase, Tetsuro Shimura, Tomohiko Teramoto, Masashi Kimura, Hitoshi Matsuo, Yoshiaki Kawase, Yoriyasu Suzuki, Seiji Kano, Maoto Habara, Kenya Nasu, Yoshihisa Kinoshita, Mitsuyasu Terashima, Tetsuo Matsubara, Takahiko Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Interventionists' experience and skills are essential factors for successful chronic total occlusion-percutaneous coronary intervention (CTO-PCI). However, the construction of theoretical strategy independent from interventionists' procedure may also improve it. We sought to assess the feasibility of CTO-PCI using an educational system supported by a single expert proctor. METHODS: A total of 160 patients underwent CTO-PCI between 2009 and 2016 at 92 Japanese centers in the Hands-on proctorship project...
October 26, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168552/predictors-of-post-operative-atrial-fibrillation-in-patients-undergoing-isolated-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#18
Iwona Gorczyca-Michta, Kamil Michta, Edward Pietrzyk, Beata Wożakowska-Kapłon
BACKGROUND: Post-operative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia occurring after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Arrhythmia leads to prolonged hospitalization and may have impact on both short-term and long-term prognoses. AIM: The aim of this paper was the evaluation of the incidence of POAF in patients after CABG as well as the identification of its predictors. METHODS: The study was performed on 791 patients (selected from a group of 1031 patients who underwent CABG in the Clinical Department of Cardiology in years 2009-2011) who did not suffer from atrial fibrillation (AF) prior to isolated CABG...
November 23, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167613/clinical-outcomes-of-polytetrafluoroethylene-covered-stents-for-coronary-artery-perforation-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-interventions
#19
Huang-Joe Wang, Jen-Jyh Lin, Wan-Yu Lo, Chih-Ping Chang, Chung-Ho Hsu, Li-Chuan Hsieh, Yeh-Peng Chen, Yen-Nien Lin, Kuan-Cheng Chang, Ping-Han Lo
Background: Coronary artery perforation (CAP) during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with increased mortality. Polytetrafluoroethylene covered stents (CS) are an effective approach to treat CAP, but data regarding elderly patients requiring CS implantation for CAP are limited. The aim of this study is to report clinical data for elderly CAP patients undergoing CS implantation during PCI. Methods: Nineteen consecutive elderly patients (≥ 65 years) undergoing CS implantation due to PCI-induced CAP in a tertiary referral center from July 2003 to April 2016 were retrospectively examined...
November 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161923/recognizing-and-reacting-to-complications-of-trans-septal-puncture
#20
Francesca Salghetti, Juan Sieira, Gian-Battista Chierchia, Antonio Curnis, Carlo de Asmundis
The transseptal puncture (TSP) enables access to the left heart, through the fossa ovalis (FO), both in electrophysiology and in cardiac interventional procedures. TSP is usually safe in experienced hands. Sometimes TSP can be technically demanding and carries the risk of severe complications in approximately 1%. While performing a TSP, every effort should be taken in order to avoid complications. In the event of complications, prompt recognition and reaction are essential and a combined "heart-team" management may be the most effective approach...
November 22, 2017: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
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