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Cardiac tamponade

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213056/balloon-tamponade-of-the-svc-and-the-management-of-catastrophic-complications-of-cardiac-lead-extraction
#1
EDITORIAL
Matthew S Baker, J Paul Mounsey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212053/transthoracic-echocardiography-pitfalls-and-limitations-as-delineated-at-cardiac-ct-and-mr-imaging
#2
Sachin B Malik, Natalie Chen, Rex A Parker, Joe Y Hsu
Transthoracic echocardiography ( TTE transthoracic echocardiography ) is a critical tool in the field of clinical cardiology. It often serves as one of the first-line imaging modalities in the evaluation of cardiac disease owing to its low cost, portability, widespread availability, lack of ionizing radiation, and ability to evaluate both anatomy and function of the heart. Consequently, a large majority of patients undergoing a cardiac computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance (MR) imaging examination will have a TTE transthoracic echocardiography available for review...
February 17, 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197055/pericardial-effusion-and-cardiac-tamponade-following-percutaneously-inserted-central-line-insertion-in-an-extremely-low-birth-weight-baby-case-report-and-successful-management
#3
Avinash V Desai, Abnish Kumar, Praful Shanbhag, Forum Shah
Pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade are rare complications of percutaneously inserted central lines (PICLs), in extremely low-birth-weight babies. This particular complication carries a high degree of mortality, if not suspected and diagnosed. Bedside echocardiography proves not only diagnostic but also can be lifesaving in these conditions. Here, we wish to report such a baby who suddenly deteriorated and showed cardiovascular instability 2 days after the insertion of PICL. Immediate bedside echocardiography helped pick up the effusion which was drained using a subxiphoid percutaneous approach...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191375/self-inflicted-cardiac-injury-with-nail-gun-without-hemodynamic-compromise-a-case-report
#4
Simon Ho, Bo Liu, Nicholas Feranec
Pneumatically powered nail guns have been used in construction since 1959. Penetrating injuries to the heart with nail guns have a wide range of presentations from asymptomatic to cardiac tamponade and exsanguination. Mortality related to cardiac nail gun injuries is similar to knife injuries, estimated at 25%. Surgical exploration is the treatment of choice. We describe a case of self-inflicted nail gun injury to the chest without hemodynamic compromise in a 51-year-old man. Computed tomography (CT) imaging confirmed nail penetrating the right ventricle, with the tip adjacent to but not violating the abdominal aorta...
January 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185680/recurrent-pericarditis
#5
M Imazio, A Battaglia, L Gaido, F Gaita
Recurrent pericarditis is the most troublesome complication of pericarditis occurring in 15 to 30% of cases. The pathogenesis is often presumed to be immune-mediated although a specific rheumatologic diagnosis is commonly difficult to find. The clinical diagnosis is based on recurrent pericarditis chest pain and additional objective evidence of disease activity (e.g. pericardial rub, ECG changes, pericardial effusion, elevation of markers of inflammation, and/or imaging evidence of pericardial inflammation by CT or cardiac MR)...
February 6, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183467/initial-experience-of-a-second-generation-self-expanding-transcatheter-aortic-valve-the-uk%C3%A2-ireland-evolut-r-implanters-registry
#6
Sundeep S Kalra, Sami Firoozi, James Yeh, Daniel J Blackman, Shabnam Rashid, Simon Davies, Neil Moat, Miles Dalby, Tito Kabir, Saib S Khogali, Richard A Anderson, Peter H Groves, Darren Mylotte, David Hildick-Smith, Rajiv Rampat, Jan Kovac, Ashan Gunarathne, Jean-Claude Laborde, Stephen J Brecker
OBJECTIVES: The authors present the UK and Irish real-world learning curve experience of the Evolut R transcatheter heart valve. BACKGROUND: The Evolut R is a self-expanding, repositionable, and fully recapturable second-generation transcatheter heart valve with several novel design features to improve outcomes and reduce complications. METHODS: Clinical, procedural, and 30-day outcome data were prospectively collected for the first 264 patients to receive the Evolut R valve in the United Kingdom and Ireland...
February 13, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168038/echocardiography-for-patients-undergoing-extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-primer-for-intensive-care-physicians
#7
REVIEW
Zhongheng Zhang
Echocardiography is an invaluable tool in the management of patients with extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) and subsequent extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support and weaning. At the very beginning, echocardiography can identify the etiology of cardiac arrest, such as massive pulmonary embolism and cardiac tamponade. Eliminating these culprits saves life and may avoid the initiation of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation. If the underlying causes are not identified or intrinsic to the heart (e...
2017: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163446/delivery-cable-induced-cardiac-tamponade-during-transcatheter-closure-of-atrial-septal-defect-a-preventable-complication
#8
Ramachandra Barik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163422/transcatheter-pulmonary-valve-perforation-using-chronic-total-occlusion-wire-in-pulmonary-atresia-with-intact-ventricular-septum
#9
Shweta Bakhru, Shilpa Marathe, Manish Saxena, Sudeep Verma, Rajan Saileela, Tapan K Dash, Nageswara Rao Koneti
BACKGROUND: Perforation of pulmonary valve using radiofrequency ablation in pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PA IVS) is a treatment of choice. However, significant cost of the equipment limits its utility, especially in the developing economies. OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of perforation of pulmonary valve using chronic total occlusion (CTO) wires in patients with PA IVS as an alternative to radiofrequency ablation...
January 2017: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141772/cardiac-tamponade-diagnosed-by-point-of-care-ultrasound
#10
Austin T Smith, Caroline Watnick, Robinson M Ferre
We present a case involving a 12-year-old boy who presented to the emergency department and was diagnosed with a pericardial effusion with tamponade physiology by point-of-care ultrasound. The diagnosis resulted in prompt treatment and definitive therapy.
February 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138445/cardiac-tamponade-as-a-presenting-manifestation-of-infliximab-induced-lupus-in-patient-treated-for-crohn-s-disease
#11
Maliha Naseer, Zain Kulairi, Michael Kam
Crohn's disease is characterized by inflammation of the mucosal lining of the gastrointestinal tract. Infliximab is a tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitor that has been associated with increased remission and decreased disease flare-ups. Biological agents such as infliximab have been associated with adverse events. We present a rare case of cardiac tamponade caused by infliximab treatment for Crohn's disease in a 30-year-old female. She was treated with emergent pericardial window and drainage of pericardial fluid...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135875/contemporary-management-of-pericardial-effusion-practical-aspects-for-clinical-practice
#12
Massimo Imazio, Luca Gaido, Alberto Battaglia, Fiorenzo Gaita
A pericardial effusion (PE) is a relatively common finding in clinical practice. It may be either isolated or associated with pericarditis with or without an underlying disease. The aetiology is varied and may be either infectious (especially tuberculosis as the most common cause in developing countries) or non-infectious (cancer, systemic inflammatory diseases). The management is essentially guided by the hemodynamic effect (presence or absence of cardiac tamponade), the presence of concomitant pericarditis or underlying disease, and its size and duration...
January 30, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133334/-three-cases-of-gastric-cancer-with-rare-presentation-of-oncologic-emergency
#13
Yoshio Oka, Kaoru Okada, Yasuhiro Miyake, Shigeyuki Ueshima, Naozumi Higaki, Hirohito Hayashida, Riichiro Nezu
We report 3 cases of gastric cancer with rare presentations of oncologic emergency. Case 1 involved cardiac tamponade caused by mediastinitis-induced pericarditis. Metastatic lymph nodes became enlarged after total gastrectomy and invaded the esophagojejunal anastomotic region. Then, a fistula to the mediastinum occurred, resulting in mediastinitis. The drainage was efficacious, but the patient died of cancer 1 month after admission. Case 2 involved cardiac tamponade caused by invasion of metastatic peritoneal tumor into the pericardium...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131443/fulminant-pneumococcal-pericarditis-in-a-previously-healthy-patient
#14
Cvetan Trpkov, Ermin Nath, Michael Moon, Jonathan Windram, Michelle M Graham
Purulent pericarditis is a rare acutely life-threatening condition. Initial symptoms, signs, and investigations can be nonspecific. Echocardiography is invaluable for establishing the diagnosis and initial management. We present a case of a previously healthy patient with purulent pericarditis caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae in the absence of a primary focus of infection. The patient deteriorated rapidly with cardiac tamponade and septic shock and was managed successfully by a combined medical and surgical approach...
November 17, 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129900/-atypical-and-rare-cardiac-revelation-about-sheehan-s-syndrome-a-report-of-three-cases
#15
N Bouznad, G El Mghari, M El Hattaoui, N El Ansari
Sheehan syndrome is a potentially serious complication in the postpartum period corresponding to ischemic necrosis of the anterior pituitary related to postpartum haemorrhage. We report three original observations showing an unusual mode of revelation of this syndrome. The first observation is that of a 46-year-old patient admitted initially to resuscitation for a recovered cardiorespiratory arrest, severe hypoglycemia and profound hyponatremia. The second is that of a 45-year-old patient, admitted for recurrent cardiac tamponade after pericardial and pleural puncture and pericardial drainage; clinical survey found signs of slight panhypopituitarism...
January 24, 2017: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123162/cardiac-sarcoidosis-diagnosed-by-incidental-lymph-node-biopsy
#16
Jun Matsuda, Katsuhito Fujiu, Solji Roh, Miyu Tajima, Hisataka Maki, Toshiya Kojima, Tetsuo Ushiku, Kan Nawata, Norihiko Takeda, Masafumi Watanabe, Hiroshi Akazawa, Issei Komuro
Cardiac involvement in systemic sarcoidosis sometimes provokes life-threatening ventricular tachyarrhythmia. Steroid administration is one of the fundamental anti-arrhythmia therapies. For an indication of steroid therapy, a definitive diagnosis of sarcoidosis is required.(1)) However, cases that are clearly suspected of cardiac sarcoidosis based on their clinical courses sometimes do not meet the current diagnostic criteria and result in the loss of an appropriate opportunity to perform steroid therapy.Here we report a case that was diagnosed as sarcoidosis by incidental biopsy of an inguinal lymph node during cardiac resuscitation for cardiac tamponade...
February 7, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122899/chylopericardium-with-symptoms-of-tamponade-on-the-grounds-of-extensive-neck-vein-thrombosis
#17
Marco Nardini, Emmanuel Katsogridakis, Marcello Migliore, Joel Dunning
Chylopericardium is a recognized complication of thoracic trauma, surgery or malignancy. Idiopathic or primary presentations, however, are rarely encountered in clinical practice. The severity of its presentation varies from the complete absence of symptoms to cardiac tamponade. We present the case of a 23-year-old woman with chylopericardium and extensive neck vein thrombosis that was managed surgically with a pericardial window.
January 24, 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122680/the-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-expert-consensus-for-the-resuscitation-of-patients-who-arrest-after-cardiac-surgery
#18
(no author information available yet)
The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Task Force on Resuscitation After Cardiac Surgery provides this professional society perspective on resuscitation in patients who arrest after cardiac surgery. This document was created using a multimodal methodology for evidence generation and includes information from existing guidelines, from the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation, from our own structured literature reviews on issues particular to cardiac surgery, and from an international survey on resuscitation hosted by CTSNet...
January 19, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122567/is-there-a-correlation-between-late-re-exploration-after-cardiac-surgery-and-removal-of-epicardial-pacemaker-wires
#19
Ioannis Bougioukas, Ahmad Fawad Jebran, Marius Grossmann, Martin Friedrich, Theodor Tirilomis, Friedrich A Schoendube, Bernhard Christoph Danner
BACKGROUND: Re-exploration for bleeding accounts for increased morbidity and mortality after major cardiac operations. The use of temporary epicardial pacemaker wires is a common procedure at many departments. The removal of these wires postoperatively can potentially lead to a serious bleeding necessitating intervention. METHODS: From Jan 2011 till Dec 2015 a total of 4244 major cardiac procedures were carried out at our department. We used temporary epicardial pacemaker wires in all cases...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121785/when-cardiac-tamponade-puts-the-pressure-on
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Nursing
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