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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106914/classification-of-childhood-onset-eating-disorders-a-latent-class-analysis
#1
Leora Pinhas, Dasha Nicholls, Ross D Crosby, Anne Morris, Richard M Lynn, Sloane Madden
This study tested the hypothesis that latent class analysis (LCA) would successfully classify eating disorder (ED) symptoms in children into categories that mapped onto DSM-5 diagnoses and that these categories would be consistent across countries. Childhood onset ED cases were ascertained through prospective active surveillance by the Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit, the Canadian Paediatric Surveillance Program, and the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit for 36, 24, and 14 months, respectively. Pediatricians and child psychiatrists reported symptoms of any child aged ≤ 12 years with a newly diagnosed restrictive ED...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105000/determining-non-cigarette-tobacco-alcohol-and-substance-use-typologies-across-menthol-and-non-menthol-smokers-using-latent-class-analysis
#2
Amy Cohn, Amanda Johnson, Jennifer Pearson, Shyanika Rose, Sarah Ehlke, Ollie Ganz, Raymond Niaura
BACKGROUND: Substance use and mental health are robustly associated with smoking and poor cessation outcomes, but not often examined in combination with menthol cigarette smoking, which is also associated with lower quit rates. This study identified classes of Black and White menthol and non-menthol cigarette smokers based on demographics, alcohol, drug, and other tobacco use behaviors. METHODS: Using screening data from two studies, latent class analysis (LCA) was conducted to classify n = 1177 menthol and non-menthol cigarette smokers on demographic characteristics, heavy smoking, alcohol and drug use, desire to quit smoking, other tobacco product use, and use of psychotropic medication...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095138/leber-congenital-amaurosis-from-darkness-to-light-an-ode-to-irene-maumenee
#3
Razek Georges Coussa, Irma Lopez Solache, Robert K Koenekoop
This article is dedicated to Irene Hussels-Maumenee, Professor of Human Genetics and Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins' Wilmer Eye Institute, Ocular Genetics Fellowship director in 1994-1995. Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) has almost come full circle, from a profound and molecularly uncharacterized form of congenital retinal blindness to one in which a large number of causative genes and disease pathways are known, and the world's first human retinal disease to be treated by gene therapy. Dr. Maumenee's insights, efforts, and leadership have contributed significantly to this remarkable scientific journey...
January 17, 2017: Ophthalmic Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093222/swainsonine-induced-lysosomal-storage-disease-in-goats-caused-by-the-ingestion-of-sida-rodrigoi-monteiro-in-north-western-argentina
#4
Juan Francisco Micheloud, Raúl Marin, Luis Adrian Colque-Caro, Olga Gladys Martínez, Dale Gardner, Eduardo Juan Gimeno
There are numerous poisonous plants that can induce intralysosomal accumulation of glycoproteins and neurologic syndromes. Here we describe for the first time, a disease caused by ingesting Sida rodrigoi Monteiro in goats in North-western Argentina. The animals showed weight loss, indifference to the environment, unsteady gait and ataxia. Histopathologic studies showed vacuolization in cells of various organs, mainly in the CNS. The material deposited in the cells was positive for LCA (Lens culinaris agglutinin), WGA (Triticum vulgaris agglutinin), sWGA (succinyl-Triticum vulgaris agglutinin) and Con-A (Concanavalia ensiformis agglutinin) lectins...
January 13, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091679/sustainability-of-renewable-fuel-infrastructure-a-screening-lca-case-study-of-anticorrosive-graphene-oxide-epoxy-liners-in-steel-tanks-for-the-storage-of-biodiesel-and-its-blends
#5
Govinda Chilkoor, Venkata K K Upadhyayula, Venkataramana Gadhamshetty, Nikhil Koratkar, Mats Tysklind
Biodiesel is a widely used fuel that meets the renewable fuel standards developed under the Energy Policy Act of 2005. However, biodiesel is known to pose a series of abiotic and biotic corrosion risks to storage tanks. A typical practice (incumbent system) used to protect the tanks from these risks include (i) coating the interior surface of the tank with a solvent-free epoxy (SFE) liner, and (ii) adding a biocide to the tank. Herein, we present a screening-level life-cycle assessment study to compare the environmental performance of a graphene oxide (GO)-epoxy (GOE) liner with the incumbent system...
January 16, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089390/quantitative-evaluation-of-the-in-vivo-vocal-fold-medial-surface-shape
#6
Andrew M Vahabzadeh-Hagh, Zhaoyan Zhang, Dinesh K Chhetri
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Glottal insufficiency is a common clinical problem in otolaryngology and medialization laryngoplasty (ML) procedures remain the primary treatment modality. Although the goal of ML is to restore physiologic glottal posture and achieve optimal phonation, this posture has not been directly measured. In this study, we assessed glottal medial surface contour changes with selective activation of the intrinsic laryngeal muscles (ILMs). STUDY DESIGN: Basic science study using an in vivo canine hemilarynx model...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077018/patient-factors-and-quality-of-life-outcomes-differ-among-four-subgroups-of-oncology-patients-based-on-symptom-occurrence
#7
Guro Lindviksmoen Astrup, Kristin Hofsø, Kristin Bjordal, Marianne Grønlie Guren, Ingvild Vistad, Bruce Cooper, Christine Miaskowski, Tone Rustøen
CONTEXT: Reviews of the literature on symptoms in oncology patients undergoing curative treatment, as well as patients receiving palliative care, suggest that they experience multiple, co-occurring symptoms and side effects. OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to determine if subgroups of oncology patients could be identified based on symptom occurrence rates and if these subgroups differed on a number of demographic and clinical characteristics, as well as on quality of life (QoL) outcomes...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068477/spatial-variability-and-uncertainty-of-water-use-impacts-from-us-feed-and-milk-production
#8
Andrew D Henderson, Anne Claire Asselin-Balençon, Martin C Heller, Lindsay Lessard, Samuel Vionnet, Olivier Jolliet
This paper addresses water use impacts of agriculture, developing a spatially-explicit approach tracing the location of water use and water scarcity related to feed production, transport, and livestock, tracking uncertainties and illustrating the approach with a case study on dairy production in the United States. This approach was developed as a step to bring spatially-variable production and impacts into a process-based Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) context. As water resources and demands are spatially variable, it is critical to take into account the location of activities to properly understand the impacts of water use, accounting for each of the main feeds for milk production...
January 9, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063868/distinct-wound-healing-and-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-subgroups-of-patients-with-venous-leg-ulcers-with-different-symptom-cluster-experiences
#9
Kathleen Finlayson, Christine Miaskowski, Kimberly Alexander, Wei-Hong Liu, Bradley Aouizerat, Christina Parker, Dianne Maresco-Pennisi, Helen Edwards
CONTEXT: Adults with venous leg ulcers frequently experience multiple symptoms which may influence quality of life (QOL). OBJECTIVES: To identify patient subgroups based on their experience with a pain-depression-fatigue-sleep disturbance (PDFS) symptom cluster and to identify differences in patient characteristics, as well as wound healing and quality of life outcomes between the subgroups. METHODS: Secondary data analysis from previous longitudinal studies of 247 patients with venous leg ulcers...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062111/when-product-diversification-influences-life-cycle-impact-assessment-a-case-study-of-canned-anchovy
#10
Jara Laso, María Margallo, Pére Fullana, Alba Bala, Cristina Gazulla, Ángel Irabien, Rubén Aldaco
The anchovy canning industry is one of the most important economic resources of the Cantabria region in Spain. However, environmental, economic and social problems over the past years have forced companies to apply marketing strategies, develop product diversification, create new products and introduce them in new "green markets". Launching Cantabrian canned anchovies into more sustainable markets requires measuring the environmental performance using Product Category Rules (PCRs) and Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs)...
January 3, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061795/temporal-eating-patterns-a-latent-class-analysis-approach
#11
Rebecca M Leech, Anthony Worsley, Anna Timperio, Sarah A McNaughton
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that large energy intakes towards the end of the day are associated with adverse health outcomes, however, studies of temporal eating patterns across the day are rare. This study examines the temporal eating patterns of Australian adults using latent class analysis (LCA), as a novel approach. METHODS: Dietary data (n = 2402 men and n = 2840 women, ≥19 years) from two 24-h recalls collected during the 2011-12 Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were analyzed...
January 7, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056373/life-cycle-assessment-of-rice-straw-utilization-practices-in-india
#12
Shveta Soam, Pal Borjesson, Pankaj K Sharma, Ravi P Gupta, Deepak K Tuli, Ravindra Kumar
The aim of this study is to find potential utilization practice of rice straw in India from an environmental perspective. Life cycle assessment (LCA) is conducted for four most realistic utilization practices of straw including: (1) incorporation into the field as fertilizer (2) animal fodder (3) electricity (4) biogas. The results show that processing of 1 ton straw to electricity and biogas resulted in net reduction of 1471 and 1023kg CO2 eq., 15.0 and 3.4kg SO2 eq. and 6.7 and 7.1kg C2H6 eq. emissions in global warming, acidification and photochemical oxidation creation potential respectively...
December 24, 2016: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052594/network-meta-analysis-of-probiotics-to-prevent-respiratory-infections-in-children-and-adolescents
#13
REVIEW
Marina Azambuja Amaral, Gabriela Helena Barbosa Ferreira Guedes, Matias Epifanio, Mario Bernardes Wagner, Marcus Herbert Jones, Rita Mattiello
Probiotics have emerged as a promising intervention for the prevention of respiratory tract infections (RTIs) in children. Assess the effect of probiotics on prevention of RTIs in children and adolescents. MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, SCIELO, CINAHL, SCOPUS, and Web of Science. Key words: "respiratory tract infections" AND probiotics. Randomized controlled trials RCT assessing the effect of probiotics on RTIs in children and adolescents were included. Two reviewers, working independently, to identify studies that met the eligibility criteria...
January 3, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052381/the-lateral-calcaneal-artery-as-an-alternative-recipient-vessel-option-for-heel-and-lateral-foot-reconstruction
#14
Kyong-Je Woo, Jin-Woo Park, Goo-Hyun Mun
BACKGROUND: Clinical outcomes of consecutive use of the lateral calcaneal artery (LCA) as a recipient vessel for microsurgical reconstruction have not been reported. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of the LCA as a recipient vessel for microsurgical foot reconstruction based on anatomical study of CT angiography and clinical results of using this vessel as the recipient. METHODS: Anatomic study was performed using CT angiography of 61 lower extremities (31 patients)...
January 4, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050118/environmental-and-health-impacts-of-using-food-waste-as-animal-feed-a-comparative-analysis-of-food-waste-management-options
#15
Ramy Salemdeeb, Erasmus K H J Zu Ermgassen, Mi Hyung Kim, Andrew Balmford, Abir Al-Tabbaa
The disposal of food waste is a large environmental problem. In the United Kingdom (UK), approximately 15 million tonnes of food are wasted each year, mostly disposed of in landfill, via composting, or anaerobic digestion (AD). European Union (EU) guidelines state that food waste should preferentially be used as animal feed though for most food waste this practice is currently illegal, because of disease control concerns. Interest in the potential diversion of food waste for animal feed is however growing, with a number of East Asian states offering working examples of safe food waste recycling - based on tight regulation and rendering food waste safe through heat treatment...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cleaner Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046072/effects-of-protease-addition-and-replacement-of-soybean-meal-by-corn-gluten-meal-on-the-growth-of-broilers-and-on-the-environmental-performances-of-a-broiler-production-system-in-greece
#16
Ilias Giannenas, Eleftherios Bonos, Vasileios Anestis, Georgios Filioussis, Dimitrios K Papanastasiou, Thomas Bartzanas, Nikolaos Papaioannou, Athina Tzora, Ioannis Skoufos
An experimental study was conducted to examine the combined effects of adding a dietary protease, reducing the levels of soybean meal (SBM) and introducing corn gluten meal (CGM) in the ration of a group of broilers reared on a commercial Greek farm. Five hundred forty chicks were divided into three dietary treatments with six replicates of thirty birds each. The first group (Control) was fed a conventional diet based on corn and soybean meal, containing 21% w/w crude protein (CP). The second group (Soy-Prot) was supplied a corn and SBM-based diet containing a lower level of CP (20% w/w) and 200 mg of the protease RONOZYME® Proact per kg of feed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045111/analysis-of-the-global-warming-potential-of-biogenic-co2-emission-in-life-cycle-assessments
#17
Weiguo Liu, Zhonghui Zhang, Xinfeng Xie, Zhen Yu, Klaus von Gadow, Junming Xu, Shanshan Zhao, Yuchun Yang
Biomass is generally believed to be carbon neutral. However, recent studies have challenged the carbon neutrality hypothesis by introducing metric indicators to assess the global warming potential of biogenic CO2 (GWPbio). In this study we calculated the GWPbio factors using a forest growth model and radiative forcing effects with a time horizon of 100 years and applied the factors to five life cycle assessment (LCA) case studies of bioproducts. The forest carbon change was also accounted for in the LCA studies...
January 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039825/environmental-impact-of-biomass-based-polygeneration-a-case-study-through-life-cycle-assessment
#18
Kuntal Jana, Sudipta De
Multi-generation or polygeneration is considered to be a potential sustainable energy solution. To assess environmental sustainability of multi-generation, life cycle assessment (LCA) is a useful tool. In this paper, environmental impact of polygeneration using an agro waste (rice straw) is assessed by LCA. Then it is compared with stand alone conventional plants with same utility outputs. Power, ethanol, heating and cooling are utility outputs of the polygeneration plant. System boundary for this polygeneration is defined for surplus biomass only...
March 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032398/cultivation-and-characterisation-of-the-surface-markers-and-carbohydrate-profile-of-human-corneal-endothelial-cells
#19
Richárd Nagymihály, Zoltán Veréb, Réka Albert, Laura Sidney, Harminder Dua, Andrew Hopkinson, Goran Petrovski
BACKGROUND: To characterise human corneal endothelial cell (HCEnC) cultures generated by the peel-and-digest method based on their surface protein/carbohydrate expression pattern. METHODS: QPCR was used to compare expression of Vimentin, CD90, Cytokeratin-19, ZO-1, Claudin 14 in cultured HCEnC and cell line B4G12 versus stromal cells. Fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) was used to assess surface protein distribution of cultured and uncultured HCEnC. Distribution of surface proteins/ carbohydrates was visualised by immunofluorescent and lectin staining...
December 29, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029136/application-of-lectin-array-technology-for-biobetter-characterization-its-correlation-with-fc%C3%AE-riii-binding-and-adcc
#20
Markus Roucka, Klaus Zimmermann, Markus Fido, Andreas Nechansky
Lectin microarray technology was applied to compare the glycosylation pattern of the monoclonal antibody MB311 expressed in SP2.0 cells to an antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxic effector function (ADCC)-optimized variant (MB314). MB314 was generated by a plant expression system that uses genetically modified moss protoplasts (Physcomitrella patens) to generate a de-fucosylated version of MB311. In contrast to MB311, no or very low interactions of MB314 with lectins Aspergillus oryzae l-fucose (AOL), Pisum sativum agglutinin (PSA), Lens culinaris agglutinin (LCA), and Aleuria aurantia lectin (AAL) were observed...
December 24, 2016: Microarrays
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