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Incremental Shuttle Walk Test

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601230/test-retest-reliability-validation-and-minimal-detectable-change-scores-for-frequently-reported-tests-of-objective-physical-function-in-patients-with-non-dialysis-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
Thomas J Wilkinson, Soteris Xenophontos, Douglas W Gould, Barbara P Vogt, João L Viana, Alice C Smith, Emma L Watson
Physical function is an important outcome in chronic kidney disease (CKD). We aimed to establish the reliability, validity, and the "minimal detectable change" (MDC) of several common tests used in renal rehabilitation and research. In a repeated measures design, 41 patients with CKD not requiring dialysis (stage 3b to 5) were assessed at an interval of 6 weeks. The tests were the incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT), "sit-to-stand" (STS) test, estimated 1 repetition maximum for quadriceps strength (e1RM), and VO2peak by cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET)...
March 30, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561930/improvement-in-lung-function-and-functional-capacity-in-morbidly-obese-women-subjected-to-bariatric-surgery
#2
Elaine Cristina de Campos, Fabiana Sobral Peixoto-Souza, Viviane Cristina Alves, Renata Basso-Vanelli, Marcela Barbalho-Moulim, Rafael Melillo Laurino-Neto, Dirceu Costa
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether weight loss in women with morbid obesity subjected to bariatric surgery alters lung function, respiratory muscle strength, functional capacity and the level of habitual physical activity and to investigate the relationship between these variables and changes in both body composition and anthropometrics. METHODS: Twenty-four women with morbid obesity were evaluated with regard to lung function, respiratory muscle strength, functional capacity, body composition, anthropometrics and the level of habitual physical activity two weeks prior to and six months after bariatric surgery...
March 15, 2018: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535259/high-frequency-airway-oscillating-device-for-respiratory-muscle-training-in-subjects-with-copd
#3
Enya Daynes, Neil J Greening, Theresa C Harvey-Dunstan, Sally J Singh
BACKGROUND: COPD is characterized by expiratory flow limitation, which results in symptomatic dyspnea and reduced exercise capacity. Changes in breathing mechanics mean the respiratory muscles are unable to respond to the ventilatory demands, increasing the sensation of dyspnea. A high-frequency oscillating device has been developed to improve dyspnea in patients with COPD. We conducted a feasibility trial to gain insight into the potential for recruitment, retention, and study design for a future randomized controlled trial...
March 13, 2018: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527845/the-comparison-of-clinical-variables-in-two-classifications-gold-2017-combined-assessment-and-spirometric-stage-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#4
Ipek Candemir, Pinar Ergun, Dicle Kaymaz, Filiz Tasdemir, Nurcan Egesel
BACKGROUND: There are limited number of studies that investigate clinical variables instead of chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD) management according to Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) 2017 classification. The aim of the study was to investigate whether there was a difference between GOLD 2017 classification and spirometric stage in clinical variables in patients with COPD. The data of 427 male patients with stable COPD were investigated retrospectively...
March 7, 2018: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466116/acute-effects-of-low-level-laser-therapy-on-patients-functional-capacity-in-the-postoperative-period-of-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-a-randomized-crossover-placebo-controlled-trial
#5
Cinara Stein, Rafael Oliveira Fernandes, Aline Paula Miozzo, Christian Correa Coronel, Bruno Manfredini Baroni, Adriane Belló-Klein, Rodrigo Della Méa Plentz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the acute effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on the functional capacity to exercise tested by incremental shuttle walking test (ISWT) after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. METHODS: Fifteen male patients (60 ± 9 years) were crossed over during the experiment, to compare the outcomes after active LLLT and placebo LLLT treatments. LLLT (850 nm, 200 mW, 30 J to each point, resulting in a total of 240 J per quadriceps muscle), using a multidiode cluster (five spots; 6 J/spot) in eight points per leg was performed 3 min before the ISWT...
March 2018: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459017/poor-performance-in-incremental-shuttle-walk-and-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-predicts-poor-overall-survival-for-patients-undergoing-esophago-gastric-resection
#6
Jessica Whibley, Christopher J Peters, Laura J Halliday, Asif M Chaudry, William H Allum
INTRODUCTION: Esophageal and gastric cancer have a poor prognosis and surgical intervention is associated with considerable morbidity, highlighting the need for careful preoperative assessment. The Incremental Shuttle Walk Test (ISWT) and Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) can assess preoperative fitness. This study aims to investigate their correlation with both postoperative respiratory complications and overall survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients were identified who underwent esophageal or gastric resections for cancer between 2010 and 2014 and had ISWT and/or CPET assessments...
February 6, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435737/clinical-determinants-of-incremental-shuttle-walk-test-in-adults-with-bronchiectasis
#7
Sulenur Yildiz, Deniz Inal-Ince, Ebru Calik-Kutukcu, Naciye Vardar-Yagli, Melda Saglam, Hulya Arikan, Lutfi Coplu
INTRODUCTION: Exercise capacity is impaired in patients with bronchiectasis. Incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) stresses cardiorespiratory system physiologically to symptom-limited maximal exercise capacity. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical determinants of ISWT in adults with non-cystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis. METHODS: Forty-one clinically stable bronchiectasis patients aged 18-72 years (27 females, 14 males) participated in the study...
February 12, 2018: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377872/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-objective-assessment-of-physical-fitness-in-patients-undergoing-colorectal-cancer-surgery
#8
Chun Hin Angus Lee, Joseph C Kong, Hilmy Ismail, Bernhard Riedel, Alexander Heriot
BACKGROUND: Gas exchange-derived variables obtained from cardiopulmonary exercise testing allow objective assessment of functional capacity and hence physiological reserve to withstand the stressors of major surgery. Field walk tests provide an alternate means for objective assessment of functional capacity that may be cheaper and have greater acceptability, in particular, in elderly patients. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review evaluated the predictive value of cardiopulmonary exercise testing and field walk tests in surgical outcomes after colorectal surgery...
March 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302187/survival-following-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-copd-the-effect-of-program-completion-and-change-in-incremental-shuttle-walking-test-distance
#9
Linzy Houchen-Wolloff, Johanna Ea Williams, Ruth H Green, Gerrit Woltmann, Michael C Steiner, Louise Sewell, Michael Dl Morgan, Sally J Singh
Rationale: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in patients with COPD has consistently been shown to produce benefits in exercise capacity, symptoms, and health status. The data surrounding survival following PR are less clear. Our aims were to compare the long-term survival in two cohorts of patients referred for PR; those who successfully completed PR, and a comparator group constructed from patients who either did not complete PR or did not start the program. Additionally, we compared survival between those people who were able to achieve a clinically meaningful improvement in exercise capacity (incremental shuttle walking test) following PR with those who were not...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243166/a-hospital-and-home-based-exercise-program-to-address-functional-decline-in-people-following-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation
#10
S Abo, D Ritchie, L Denehy, Y Panek-Hudson, L Irving, C L Granger
PURPOSE: The aims of this study are to investigate the feasibility of an exercise program commencing 60 days following allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT), to investigate changes in physical function and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients from pre- to post-alloSCT and to explore changes in patient outcomes before and after the program. METHODS: This study is a single site, prospective case series including 43 adults undergoing alloSCT...
December 14, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237078/determinants-of-peripheral-muscle-strength-and-activity-in-daily-life-in-people-with-bronchiectasis
#11
Anderson Alves de Camargo, Jacqueline C Boldorini, Anne E Holland, Rejane A Silva de Castro, Fernanda de Cordoba Lanza, Rodrigo A Athanazio, Samia Z Rached, Regina Carvalho-Pinto, Alberto Cukier, Rafael Stelmach, Simone Dal Corso
Background: Bronchiectasis is characterized by a progressive structural lung damage, recurrent infections and chronic inflammation which compromise the exertion tolerance, and may have an impact on skeletal muscle function and physical function. Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare peripheral muscle strength, exercise capacity, and physical activity in daily life between participants with bronchiectasis and controls and to investigate the determinants of the peripheral muscle strength and physical activity in daily life in bronchiectasis...
December 9, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233851/incremental-shuttle-walk-test-to-assess-and-prescribe-exercise-for-subjects-with-bronchiectasis-hallway-versus-treadmill
#12
Cristiane S Oliveira, Anderson José, Crislaine O Santos, Cristiane H Y de Oliveira, Thiago C O Carvalho, Rejane A S de Castro, Jessyca P R Selman, Anderson A de Camargo, Simone Dal Corso
INTRODUCTION: The incremental shuttle walk test was initially developed to be carried out in a hallway (ISWT-H) but has been modified to be performed on a treadmill (ISWT-T). However, it is still unknown whether performance on ISWT-H and ISWT-T are similar in patients with bronchiectasis. In this study, we compared the performance, physiological responses, and perception of effort between the ISWT-T with a handrail and ISWT-H for subjects with bronchiectasis. We also sought to estimate and compare the prescription for training intensity with both tests...
March 2018: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138547/efficacy-of-tiotropium-and-indacaterol-monotherapy-and-their-combination-on-dynamic-lung-hyperinflation-in-copd-a-random-open-label-crossover-study
#13
Keisaku Fujimoto, Haruna Yamazaki, Midori Ura, Yoshiaki Kitaguchi
Background and objective: The difference in efficacy of long-acting muscarinic antagonists (LAMAs) and long-acting β2 -agonists (LABAs) for dynamic lung hyperinflation (DLH) in COPD is unclear. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the difference in efficacy of LAMA and LABA alone and the combination thereof for DLH. Subjects and methods: Thirty stable patients were enrolled and randomly divided into two groups following baseline measurements. One group was treated with 5 μg tiotropium (Respimat inhaler) for 4 weeks following a 4-week treatment with 150 μg indacaterol, while the other group was treated with indacaterol for 4 weeks following a 4-week treatment with tiotropium...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970364/physical-function-and-physical-activity-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#14
Patricia Painter, Adhish Agarwal, Micah Drummond
BACKGROUND: Physical functioning (PF) and physical activity (PA) are low in patients treated with maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). Little information exists on this topic in patients treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD). The objective of this study was to compare PF and PA in patients with Stage-5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) treated with PD and in-center MHD. METHODS: Physical functioning was measured in 45 prevalent PD patients using standard physical performance measures that include gait speed, chair stand, standing balance, 6-minute-walk, incremental shuttle walk and self-reported PF using the short form (SF)-36 questionnaire...
September 28, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943177/the-association-between-performance-parameters-of-physical-fitness-and-postoperative-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-colorectal-surgery-an-evaluation-of-care-data
#15
A F J M Heldens, B C Bongers, A F Lenssen, L P S Stassen, W F Buhre, N L U van Meeteren
BACKGROUND: Preoperative cardiorespiratory fitness, as measured by cardiopulmonary testing or estimated using the less sophisticated incremental shuttle walk test, timed up-and-go test or stair climb test is known to be associated with postoperative outcome. This study aimed to evaluate whether parameters of physical fitness are associated with postoperative outcome in patients with colorectal cancer scheduled for elective resection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Perioperative data of patients who underwent colorectal resection at Maastricht University Medical Center were retrospectively analyzed...
November 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932111/the-use-of-the-practice-walk-test-in-pulmonary-rehabilitation-program-national-copd-audit-pulmonary-rehabilitation-workstream
#16
Ali Hakamy, Tricia M McKeever, Michael C Steiner, C Michael Roberts, Sally J Singh, Charlotte E Bolton
Our aim was to evaluate the use and impact of the practice walk test on enrolment, completion, and clinical functional response to pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) using the 2015 UK National Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Pulmonary Rehabilitation audit data. Patients were assessed according to whether a baseline practice walk test was performed or not. Study outcomes included use of the practice walk test, baseline and change in incremental shuttle walk test distance (ISWD) or 6-minute walk test distance (6MWD), and enrolment to and completion of PR program...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894957/efficacy-of-a%C3%A2-multidisciplinary-pulmonary-rehabilitation-outpatient-program-on-exacerbations-in-overweight-and-obese-patients-with-asthma
#17
Ipek Candemir, Pinar Ergun, Dicle Kaymaz
BACKGROUND: Even though many studies have investigated the effectiveness of weight loss interventions, the efficacy of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has not yet been proven in obese patients with asthma. The aims of this study were to investigate the efficacy of PR on asthma exacerbations in the first year after PR and to evaluate the efficacy of PR in exercise capacity, quality of life, psychosocial symptoms and control of asthma in overweight patients. METHODS: The exercise capacity, health-related quality of life scores, psychosocial symptoms, asthma control test (ACT) data, number of emergency admissions and hospitalizations of 35 overweight patients with asthma who completed a 1-year multidisciplinary PR program were recorded and analyzed...
October 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885280/reliability-of-the-shuttle-walk-test-with-controlled-incremental-velocity-in-patients-with-difficult-to-control-asthma
#18
Ivan Peres Costa, Simone Dal Corso, Audrey Borghi-Silva, Fabiana Peixoto, Roberto Stirbulov, Ross Arena, Lawrence P Cahalin, Luciana Maria Malosá Sampaio
PURPOSE: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory condition characterized by bronchial hypersensitivity to endogenous or exogenous agents and variable airflow limitation, which is reversible either spontaneously or with the use of medication. The evaluation of functional capacity in these patients is commonly performed using field tests to gauge activity of daily living. However, the reliability of the symptom-controlled shuttle walk test has not yet been determined for individuals with difficult-to-control asthma...
January 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883090/validity-responsiveness-and-minimum-clinically-important-difference-of-the-incremental-shuttle-walk-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-prospective-study
#19
Claire M Nolan, Veronica Delogu, Matthew Maddocks, Suhani Patel, Ruth E Barker, Sarah E Jones, Samantha S C Kon, Toby M Maher, Paul Cullinan, William D-C Man
The incremental shuttle walk (ISW) is well validated in COPD but limited psychometric data restrict its use in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Study 1: 50 patients performed the ISW and 6 min walk test (6MWT). Study 2: 72 patients completed the ISW before and after pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). The ISW correlated strongly with 6MWT distance (r=0.81,p<0.0001). Mean (95% confidence interval) improvement in ISW with PR was 54 (38 to 70) m with an effect size of 0.29. Distribution-based and anchor-based minimum clinically important difference (MCID) estimates ranged from 31 to 46 m...
September 7, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872419/impact-of-scoliosis-severity-on-functional-capacity-in-patients-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#20
Bruna M A Saraiva, Geferson S Araujo, Evandro F Sperandio, Alberto O Gotfryd, Victor Z Dourado, Milena C Vidotto
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the walked distance and physiological responses during incremental shuttle walk test in patients with different degrees of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). METHODS: We evaluated 20 healthy teenagers and 46 patients with AIS; they were divided into 2 groups: AIS > 45° and AIS < 45°. The volunteers performed an incremental shuttle walk test, and the following physiological responses were quantified: oxygen consumption, tidal volume, ventilation, and the incremental shuttle walked distance...
November 28, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
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