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Incremental Shuttle Walk Test

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882640/physiological-markers-of-exercise-capacity-and-lung-disease-severity-in-cystic-fibrosis
#1
Laurie Smith, Charles C Reilly, Victoria MacBean, Caroline J Jolley, Caroline Elston, John Moxham, Gerrard F Rafferty
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Peak aerobic capacity (VO2 peak) is an important outcome measure in cystic fibrosis (CF), but measurement is not widely available and can be influenced by patient motivation, pain and fatigue. Alternative markers of disease severity would be helpful. Neural respiratory drive, measured using parasternal intercostal muscle electromyography (EMGpara), reflects the load to capacity balance of the respiratory system and provides a composite measure of pulmonary function impairment in CF...
November 24, 2016: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871573/the-preoperative-use-of-field-tests-of-exercise-tolerance-to-predict-postoperative-outcome-in-intra-abdominal-surgery-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Jonathan Moran, Fiona Wilson, Emer Guinan, Paul McCormick, Juliette Hussey, Jeanne Moriarty
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the ability of field tests of exercise tolerance, such as the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) and incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT), to predict postoperative outcome following intra-abdominal surgery. DESIGN: A systematic review. SETTING: A hospital-affiliated university. MEASUREMENTS: The following databases were searched: AMED, CINAHL, EMBASE, PEDro, PubMed/MEDLINE, and The Cochrane Library...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852953/effectiveness-of-an-exercise-programme-on-physical-function-in-patients-discharged-from-hospital-following-critical-illness-a-randomised-controlled-trial-the-revive-trial
#3
Kathryn McDowell, Brenda O'Neill, Bronagh Blackwood, Chris Clarke, Evie Gardner, Paul Johnston, Michaeline Kelly, John McCaffrey, Brian Mullan, Sally Murphy, T John Trinder, Gavin Lavery, Daniel F McAuley, Judy M Bradley
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of a 6-week exercise programme in patients discharged home following critical illness compared with standard care. DESIGN: Multicentre prospective phase II randomised controlled trial, with blinded outcome assessment after hospital discharge, following the 6-week intervention and at 6 months. PARTICIPANTS: 60 patients (30 per group) aged ≥18 years, mechanically ventilated >96 hours, and not in other rehabilitation, that is, cardiac or pulmonary rehabilitation programmes...
November 15, 2016: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849287/effects-of-comprehensive-cardiac-rehabilitation-on-functional-capacity-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-brazilians-assisted-by-public-health-care-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Gabriela S S Chaves, Gabriela L M Ghisi, Sherry L Grace, Paul Oh, Antonio L Ribeiro, Raquel R Britto
Background: Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) is the leading burden of disease worldwide. Moreover, CVD-related death rates are considered an epidemic in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Research shows that cardiac rehabilitation (CR) participation reduces death and improves disability and quality of life. Given the growing epidemic of CVD in LMICs and the insufficient evidence about CR programs in these countries, a Randomized Control Trial (RCT) in Latin America is warranted. Objective: To investigate the effects of comprehensive CR on functional capacity and cardiovascular risk factors...
October 27, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748503/neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-for-muscle-weakness-in-adults-with-advanced-disease
#5
REVIEW
Sarah Jones, William D-C Man, Wei Gao, Irene J Higginson, Andrew Wilcock, Matthew Maddocks
BACKGROUND: This review is an update of a previously published review in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Issue 1, 2013 on Neuromuscular electrical stimulation for muscle weakness in adults with advanced disease.Patients with advanced progressive disease often experience muscle weakness, which can impact adversely on their ability to be independent and their quality of life. In those patients who are unable or unwilling to undertake whole-body exercise, neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may be an alternative treatment to enhance lower limb muscle strength...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717153/agreement-between-adherences-to-four-physical-activity-recommendations-in-patients-with-copd-does-the-incremental-shuttle-walk-test-predict-adherence
#6
Katy E Mitchell, Vicki Johnson, Linzy Houchen-Wolloff, Louise Sewell, Mike D Morgan, Michael C Steiner, Sally J Singh
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: There are various recommendations for physical activity (PA). However agreement between all of these measures has not been established. Furthermore, given the challenges of measuring PA there is interest in evaluating whether a measure of exercise performance can be used as a surrogate measure to identify who is likely to achieve the recommendations. METHODS: A total of 184 people with COPD were recruited, 128 of which had complete data for these analyses...
September 22, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662546/chronic-lung-disease-in-hiv-infected-children-established-on-antiretroviral-therapy
#7
Jamie Rylance, Grace Mchugh, John Metcalfe, Hilda Mujuru, Kusum Nathoo, Stephanie Wilmore, Sarah Rowland-Jones, Edith Majonga, Katharina Kranzer, Rashida A Ferrand
OBJECTIVE: Respiratory disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV-infected children. Despite antiretroviral therapy (ART), children suffer chronic symptoms. We investigated symptom prevalence, lung function and exercise capacity among older children established on ART and an age-matched HIV-uninfected group. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study in Zimbabwe of HIV-infected children aged 6-16 years receiving ART for over 6 months and HIV-uninfected children attending primary health clinics from the same area...
November 28, 2016: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639286/is-the-six-minute-walk-test-a-useful-tool-to-prescribe-high-intensity-exercise-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#8
Antenor Rodrigues, Marianna Di Martino, Aline G Nellessen, Nidia A Hernandes, J Alberto Neder, Fabio Pitta
BACKGROUND: It is not yet completely known whether the 6MWT can be used to prescribe high-intensity exercise for patients with COPD. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of the six-minute walk test (6MWT) to prescribe high-intensity exercise for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Lung function, maximal inspiratory strength, symptoms and exercise capacity were evaluated in patients with COPD (n = 27) before and after a 12-week high-intensity exercise program...
September 14, 2016: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575048/acute-changes-in-arterial-stiffness-following-exercise-in-people-with-metabolic-syndrome
#9
Jeyasundar Radhakrishnan, Narasimman Swaminathan, Natasha M Pereira, Keiran Henderson, David A Brodie
BACKGROUND: This study aims to examine the changes in arterial stiffness immediately following sub-maximal exercise in people with metabolic syndrome. METHODS: Ninety-four adult participants (19-80 years) with metabolic syndrome gave written consent and were measured for arterial stiffness using a SphygmoCor (SCOR-PVx, Version 8.0, Atcor Medical Private Ltd, USA) immediately before and within 5-10min after an incremental shuttle walk test. The arterial stiffness measures used were pulse wave velocity (PWV), aortic pulse pressure (PP), augmentation pressure, augmentation index (AI), subendocardial viability ratio (SEVR) and ejection duration (ED)...
August 22, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492301/-application-of-the-6-minute-walking-test-and-shuttle-walking-test-in-the-exercise-tests-of-patients-with-copd
#10
Chiung-Fang Ho, Suh-Hwa Maa
Exercise training improves the management of stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). COPD patients benefit from exercise training programs in terms of improved VO2 peak values and decreased dyspnea, fatigue, hospital admissions, and rates of mortality, increasing exercise capacity and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). COPD is often associated with impairment in exercise tolerance. About 51% of patients have a limited capacity for normal activity, which often further degrades exercise capacity, creating a vicious circle...
August 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428818/association-between-depressive-symptoms-and-exercise-capacity-in-patients-with-heart-disease-a-meta-analysis
#11
Theodoros Papasavvas, Mohammad Alhashemi, Dominic Micklewright
PURPOSE: Depression and reduced exercise capacity are risk factors for poor prognosis in patients with heart disease, but the relationship between the 2 is unclear. We assessed the relationship between depressive symptoms and exercise capacity in patients with heart disease. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, and ProQuest databases were browsed for English-language studies published from January 2000 to September 2013. Studies including adult patients with coronary artery disease, heart failure, congenital heart disease, and implantable cardioverter defibrillator, reporting correlation between a depression scale and exercise capacity (VO2peak, peak watts, estimated metabolic equivalents, and incremental shuttle walk test distance), as well as studies from which such a correlation could be calculated and provided by the authors, were included...
July 14, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423084/effects-of-exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-on-cardiorespiratory-fitness-a-meta-analysis-of-uk-studies
#12
Meshal Almodhy, Lee Ingle, Gavin R Sandercock
BACKGROUND: Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation can promote meaningful improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness (fitness) but the magnitude of such improvements varies according to local characteristics of exercise programmes. We aimed to determine if cardiac rehabilitation (CR), as practised in the United Kingdom (UK), could promote meaningful changes in fitness and to identify programme characteristics which may moderate these changes. METHODS: Electronic and manual searches to identify UK CR studies reporting fitness at baseline and follow up...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27409333/does-the-incremental-shuttle-walk-test-require-maximal-effort-in-young-obese-women
#13
S P Jürgensen, R Trimer, L Di Thommazo-Luporini, V Z Dourado, J C Bonjorno-Junior, C R Oliveira, R Arena, A Borghi-Silva
Obesity is a chronic disease with a multifaceted treatment approach that includes nutritional counseling, structured exercise training, and increased daily physical activity. Increased body mass elicits higher cardiovascular, ventilatory and metabolic demands to varying degrees during exercise. With functional capacity assessment, this variability can be evaluated so individualized guidance for exercise training and daily physical activity can be provided. The aim of the present study was to compare cardiovascular, ventilatory and metabolic responses obtained during a symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPX) on a treadmill to responses obtained by the incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) in obese women and to propose a peak oxygen consumption (VO2) prediction equation through variables obtained during the ISWT...
July 11, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27333130/home-or-community-based-pulmonary-rehabilitation-for-individuals-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Leonardo Fratti Neves, Manoela Heinrichs Dos Reis, Tonantzin Ribeiro Gonçalves
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation (OPR) has shown positive results. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of home or community-based pulmonary rehabilitation (HCPR) in individuals with COPD. This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials compared HCPR to controls and HCPR to OPR according to functional capacity, dyspnea, and quality of life in individuals with COPD...
June 20, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27055656/oxygen-costs-of-the-incremental-shuttle-walk-test-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-participants-an-historical-and-contemporary-analysis
#15
John P Buckley, Fernando M F Cardoso, Stefan T Birkett, Gavin R H Sandercock
BACKGROUND: The incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) is a standardised assessment for cardiac rehabilitation. Three studies have reported oxygen costs (VO2)/metabolic equivalents (METs) of the ISWT. In spite of classic representations from these studies graphically showing curvilinear VO2 responses to incremented walking speeds, linear regression techniques (also used by the American College of Sports Medicine [ACSM]) have been used to estimate VO2. PURPOSE: The two main aims of this study were to (i) resolve currently reported discrepancies in the ISWT VO2-walking speed relationship, and (ii) derive an appropriate VO2 versus walking speed regression equation...
April 7, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26996093/inpatient-rehabilitation-improves-functional-capacity-peripheral-muscle-strength-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-community-acquired-pneumonia-a-randomised-trial
#16
Anderson José, Simone Dal Corso
QUESTION: Among people who are hospitalised for community-acquired pneumonia, does an inpatient exercise-based rehabilitation program improve functional outcomes, symptoms, quality of life and length of hospital stay more than a respiratory physiotherapy regimen? DESIGN: Randomised trial with concealed allocation, intention-to-treat analysis and blinding of some outcomes. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-nine adults hospitalised for community-acquired pneumonia...
April 2016: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26971801/comparison-of-bioenergetics-of-walking-during-a-multistage-incremental-shuttle-walk-test-and-a-6-min-walk-test-in-active-older-adults
#17
Mario Leone, Sébastien Duvergé, Émilia Kalinova, Hung Tien Bui, Alain S Comtois
The goal of the present research was to compare the bioenergetics variability of walking, during the 6-min walk test (6-MWT) and a multistage incremental shuttle walk test (MISWT) in an active older population. Twenty-two healthy physically active older adults with a group mean age of 70.4 ± 5.8 years completed the 6-MWT and the MISWT. Heart rate (HR), walking speed and walking [Formula: see text]O2 were measured throughout each test with a portable metabolic cart. Strong correlations were found for the [Formula: see text]O2 peak and the walking speed (r = 0...
March 14, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26967309/reference-values-for-the-incremental-shuttle-walk-test-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-entering-exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation
#18
Fernando M F Cardoso, Meshal Almodhy, Garyfalia Pepera, Dimitrios M Stasinopoulos, Gavin R H Sandercock
The incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) is used to assess functional capacity of patients entering cardiac rehabilitation. Factors such as age and sex account for a proportion of the variance in test performance in healthy individuals but there are no reference values for patients with cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to produce reference values for the ISWT. Participants were n = 548 patients referred to outpatient cardiac rehabilitation who underwent a clinical examination and performed the ISWT...
March 11, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26953219/the-responsiveness-of-the-anxiety-inventory-for-respiratory-disease-scale-following-pulmonary-rehabilitation
#19
Abebaw M Yohannes, Sheila Dryden, Nicola A Hanania
BACKGROUND: To date, there are no studies that have examined the responsiveness of the Anxiety Inventory for Respiratory disease (AIR) scale to any intervention in patients with COPD. We examined the responsiveness of the AIR scale in an 8-week pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) program. METHODS: A total of 192 patients with COPD who were clinically stable and had a percent predicted FEV1 < 70% completed 8-week outpatient multidisciplinary PR. The duration of the program was 2 h per/week (1 h exercise and 1 h education)...
July 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26933305/incremental-shuttle-walk-test-reference-values-and-predictive-equation-for-healthy-indian-adults
#20
Bela Agarwal, Monal Shah, Nilesh Andhare, Rajani Mullerpatan
PURPOSE: Physical inactivity in Indians is leading to an increase in noncommunicable disorders at an early age in life. Early identification and quantification of the lack of physical activity using simple and reliable exercise testing is the need of the hour. The incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) is an externally paced walk test widely used for the evaluation of exercise capacity. Currently the normative values available for clinical reference are generated from Western populations...
January 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
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