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Incremental Shuttle Walk Test

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532389/the-use-of-macitentan-in-fontan-circulation-a-case-report
#1
Polyvios Demetriades, Amir Aziz, Robin Condliffe, Sarah E Bowater, Paul F Clift
BACKGROUND: The Fontan circulation, a result of a palliative procedure in patients with single systemic ventricles, is defined by chronically elevated pulmonary vascular resistance. When traditional heart failure therapies fail, pharmacological agents that reduce pulmonary artery pressures may be used. These include endothelial-receptor antagonists, prostanoids and phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors. We report the first use of macitentan, an endothelin-receptor antagonist, in a patient with a Fontan circulation...
May 22, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349038/the-effect-of-treadmill-based-and-track-based-walking-training-on-physical-fitness-in-ankle-sprain-experienced-young-people
#2
Eunsook Sung
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of 12-week treadmill-based (MT) and track-based (TT) walking program on maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max), muscular endurance, muscle strength, and ankle range of motion (ROM) in ankle sprain experienced young people. Twenty subjects (12 males, 8 females) volunteered to participate in this study and divided into two groups (MT and TT). All subjects completed MT and TT 4 times per week with each session of 60 min with 65% from maximum heart rate. Incremental test on treadmill and 20-m shuttle run test for endurance capacity (VO2max), 2-km walking test for muscular endurance, vertical jump for strength, and ankle ROM for flexibility were analyzed before and after the training intervention...
February 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302456/association-between-modified-shuttle-walk-test-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-overweight-obese-adults-with-primary-hypertension-exerdiet-hta-study
#3
Borja Jurio-Iriarte, Ilargi Gorostegi-Anduaga, G Rodrigo Aispuru, Javier Pérez-Asenjo, Peter H Brubaker, Sara Maldonado-Martín
The aims of the study were to evaluate the relationship between Modified Shuttle Walk Test (MSWT) with peak oxygen uptake (V˙O2peak) in overweight/obese people with primary hypertension (HTN) and to develop an equation for the MSWT to predict V˙O2peak. Participants (N = 256, 53.9 ± 8.1 years old) with HTN and overweight/obesity performed a cardiorespiratory exercise test to peak exertion on an upright bicycle ergometer using an incremental ramp protocol and the 15-level MSWT. The formula of Singh et al was used as a template to predict V˙O2peak, and a new equation was generated from the measured V˙O2peak-MSWT relationship in this investigation...
February 7, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278163/the-role-of-the-inspiratory-muscle-weakness-in-functional-capacity-in-hemodialysis-patients
#4
Pedro Henrique Scheidt Figueiredo, Márcia Maria Oliveira Lima, Henrique Silveira Costa, Rosalina Tossige Gomes, Camila Danielle Cunha Neves, Evandro Silveira de Oliveira, Frederico Lopes Alves, Vanessa Gomes Brandão Rodrigues, Emílio Henrique Barroso Maciel, Cláudio Heitor Balthazar
INTRODUCTION: Inspiratory muscle function may be affected in patients with End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD), further worsening the functional loss in these individuals. However, the impact of inspiratory muscle weakness (IMW) on the functional capacity (FC) of hemodialysis patients remains unknown. Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate the impact of IMW on FC in ESRD patients undergoing hemodialysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ESRD patients on hemodialysis treatment for more than six months were evaluated for inspiratory muscle strength and FC...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262676/the-effects-of-supervised-exercise-training-12-24-months-after-bariatric-surgery-on-physical-function-and-body-composition-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
L Y Herring, C Stevinson, P Carter, S J H Biddle, D Bowrey, C Sutton, M J Davies
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is effective for the treatment of stage II and III obesity and its related diseases, although increasing evidence is showing weight regain ~12-24 months postsurgery. Weight regain increases the risk of physical function decline, which negatively affects an individual's ability to undertake activities of daily living. The study assessed the effects of a 12-week supervised exercise intervention on physical function and body composition in patients between 12 and 24 months post bariatric surgery...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012491/associations-between-the-distance-covered-in-the-incremental-shuttle-walk-test-and-lung-function-and-health-status-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#6
Atsuhito Ushiki, Shuhei Nozawa, Masanori Yasuo, Kazuhisa Urushihata, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Masayuki Hanaoka, Keisaku Fujimoto
BACKGROUND: Field walk tests such as the incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) are simple tests for assessing the degree of disability in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In the present study, the correlations between exercise performance in the ISWT, lung function, and health status were examined in patients with COPD of varying severities. METHODS: A retrospective examination of 277 COPD patients was performed using the ISWT and lung function tests along with assessment of health status using St...
January 2017: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997252/outcomes-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-for-copd-in-older-patients-a-comparative-study
#7
Deirdre Bennett, Bernadette Bowen, Padriac McCarthy, Abi Subramaniam, Michael O'Connor, Mike T Henry
Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is established as an effective intervention in optimising function and quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, there are very limited data on the effectiveness of PR in older patients with COPD. We reviewed all patients attending an 8-week outpatient programme. Patients were divided into two groups; Group A (n = 202), below 70 years, and Group B (n = 122), above 70 years of age. Outcomes in both patient subgroups were compared using FEV(1), Incremental Shuttle Walk Test (ISWT), Endurance Shuttle Walk Test (ESWT), Grip Strength, St...
December 20, 2016: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882640/physiological-markers-of-exercise-capacity-and-lung-disease-severity-in-cystic-fibrosis
#8
Laurie Smith, Charles C Reilly, Victoria MacBean, Caroline J Jolley, Caroline Elston, John Moxham, Gerrard F Rafferty
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Peak aerobic capacity (VO2 peak) is an important outcome measure in cystic fibrosis (CF), but measurement is not widely available and can be influenced by patient motivation, pain and fatigue. Alternative markers of disease severity would be helpful. Neural respiratory drive, measured using parasternal intercostal muscle electromyography (EMGpara), reflects the load to capacity balance of the respiratory system and provides a composite measure of pulmonary function impairment in CF...
May 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871573/the-preoperative-use-of-field-tests-of-exercise-tolerance-to-predict-postoperative-outcome-in-intra-abdominal-surgery-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Jonathan Moran, Fiona Wilson, Emer Guinan, Paul McCormick, Juliette Hussey, Jeanne Moriarty
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the ability of field tests of exercise tolerance, such as the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) and incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT), to predict postoperative outcome following intra-abdominal surgery. DESIGN: A systematic review. SETTING: A hospital-affiliated university. MEASUREMENTS: The following databases were searched: AMED, CINAHL, EMBASE, PEDro, PubMed/MEDLINE, and The Cochrane Library...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852953/effectiveness-of-an-exercise-programme-on-physical-function-in-patients-discharged-from-hospital-following-critical-illness-a-randomised-controlled-trial-the-revive-trial
#10
Kathryn McDowell, Brenda O'Neill, Bronagh Blackwood, Chris Clarke, Evie Gardner, Paul Johnston, Michaeline Kelly, John McCaffrey, Brian Mullan, Sally Murphy, T John Trinder, Gavin Lavery, Daniel F McAuley, Judy M Bradley
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of a 6-week exercise programme in patients discharged home following critical illness compared with standard care. DESIGN: Multicentre prospective phase II randomised controlled trial, with blinded outcome assessment after hospital discharge, following the 6-week intervention and at 6 months. PARTICIPANTS: 60 patients (30 per group) aged ≥18 years, mechanically ventilated >96 hours, and not in other rehabilitation, that is, cardiac or pulmonary rehabilitation programmes...
November 15, 2016: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849287/effects-of-comprehensive-cardiac-rehabilitation-on-functional-capacity-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-brazilians-assisted-by-public-health-care-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Gabriela S S Chaves, Gabriela L M Ghisi, Sherry L Grace, Paul Oh, Antonio L Ribeiro, Raquel R Britto
Background: Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) is the leading burden of disease worldwide. Moreover, CVD-related death rates are considered an epidemic in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Research shows that cardiac rehabilitation (CR) participation reduces death and improves disability and quality of life. Given the growing epidemic of CVD in LMICs and the insufficient evidence about CR programs in these countries, a Randomized Control Trial (RCT) in Latin America is warranted. Objective: To investigate the effects of comprehensive CR on functional capacity and cardiovascular risk factors...
October 27, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748503/neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-for-muscle-weakness-in-adults-with-advanced-disease
#12
REVIEW
Sarah Jones, William D-C Man, Wei Gao, Irene J Higginson, Andrew Wilcock, Matthew Maddocks
BACKGROUND: This review is an update of a previously published review in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Issue 1, 2013 on Neuromuscular electrical stimulation for muscle weakness in adults with advanced disease.Patients with advanced progressive disease often experience muscle weakness, which can impact adversely on their ability to be independent and their quality of life. In those patients who are unable or unwilling to undertake whole-body exercise, neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may be an alternative treatment to enhance lower limb muscle strength...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717153/agreement-between-adherences-to-four-physical-activity-recommendations-in-patients-with-copd-does-the-incremental-shuttle-walk-test-predict-adherence
#13
Katy E Mitchell, Vicki Johnson, Linzy Houchen-Wolloff, Louise Sewell, Mike D Morgan, Michael C Steiner, Sally J Singh
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: There are various recommendations for physical activity (PA). However agreement between all of these measures has not been established. Furthermore, given the challenges of measuring PA there is interest in evaluating whether a measure of exercise performance can be used as a surrogate measure to identify who is likely to achieve the recommendations. METHODS: A total of 184 people with COPD were recruited, 128 of which had complete data for these analyses...
September 22, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662546/chronic-lung-disease-in-hiv-infected-children-established-on-antiretroviral-therapy
#14
Jamie Rylance, Grace Mchugh, John Metcalfe, Hilda Mujuru, Kusum Nathoo, Stephanie Wilmore, Sarah Rowland-Jones, Edith Majonga, Katharina Kranzer, Rashida A Ferrand
OBJECTIVE: Respiratory disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV-infected children. Despite antiretroviral therapy (ART), children suffer chronic symptoms. We investigated symptom prevalence, lung function and exercise capacity among older children established on ART and an age-matched HIV-uninfected group. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study in Zimbabwe of HIV-infected children aged 6-16 years receiving ART for over 6 months and HIV-uninfected children attending primary health clinics from the same area...
November 28, 2016: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639286/is-the-six-minute-walk-test-a-useful-tool-to-prescribe-high-intensity-exercise-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#15
Antenor Rodrigues, Marianna Di Martino, Aline G Nellessen, Nidia A Hernandes, J Alberto Neder, Fabio Pitta
BACKGROUND: It is not yet completely known whether the 6MWT can be used to prescribe high-intensity exercise for patients with COPD. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of the six-minute walk test (6MWT) to prescribe high-intensity exercise for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Lung function, maximal inspiratory strength, symptoms and exercise capacity were evaluated in patients with COPD (n = 27) before and after a 12-week high-intensity exercise program...
November 2016: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575048/acute-changes-in-arterial-stiffness-following-exercise-in-people-with-metabolic-syndrome
#16
Jeyasundar Radhakrishnan, Narasimman Swaminathan, Natasha M Pereira, Keiran Henderson, David A Brodie
BACKGROUND: This study aims to examine the changes in arterial stiffness immediately following sub-maximal exercise in people with metabolic syndrome. METHODS: Ninety-four adult participants (19-80 years) with metabolic syndrome gave written consent and were measured for arterial stiffness using a SphygmoCor (SCOR-PVx, Version 8.0, Atcor Medical Private Ltd, USA) immediately before and within 5-10min after an incremental shuttle walk test. The arterial stiffness measures used were pulse wave velocity (PWV), aortic pulse pressure (PP), augmentation pressure, augmentation index (AI), subendocardial viability ratio (SEVR) and ejection duration (ED)...
August 22, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492301/-application-of-the-6-minute-walking-test-and-shuttle-walking-test-in-the-exercise-tests-of-patients-with-copd
#17
Chiung-Fang Ho, Suh-Hwa Maa
Exercise training improves the management of stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). COPD patients benefit from exercise training programs in terms of improved VO2 peak values and decreased dyspnea, fatigue, hospital admissions, and rates of mortality, increasing exercise capacity and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). COPD is often associated with impairment in exercise tolerance. About 51% of patients have a limited capacity for normal activity, which often further degrades exercise capacity, creating a vicious circle...
August 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428818/association-between-depressive-symptoms-and-exercise-capacity-in-patients-with-heart-disease-a-meta-analysis
#18
Theodoros Papasavvas, Mohammad Alhashemi, Dominic Micklewright
PURPOSE: Depression and reduced exercise capacity are risk factors for poor prognosis in patients with heart disease, but the relationship between the 2 is unclear. We assessed the relationship between depressive symptoms and exercise capacity in patients with heart disease. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, and ProQuest databases were browsed for English-language studies published from January 2000 to September 2013. Studies including adult patients with coronary artery disease, heart failure, congenital heart disease, and implantable cardioverter defibrillator, reporting correlation between a depression scale and exercise capacity (VO2peak, peak watts, estimated metabolic equivalents, and incremental shuttle walk test distance), as well as studies from which such a correlation could be calculated and provided by the authors, were included...
July 14, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423084/effects-of-exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-on-cardiorespiratory-fitness-a-meta-analysis-of-uk-studies
#19
Meshal Almodhy, Lee Ingle, Gavin R Sandercock
BACKGROUND: Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation can promote meaningful improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness (fitness) but the magnitude of such improvements varies according to local characteristics of exercise programmes. We aimed to determine if cardiac rehabilitation (CR), as practised in the United Kingdom (UK), could promote meaningful changes in fitness and to identify programme characteristics which may moderate these changes. METHODS: Electronic and manual searches to identify UK CR studies reporting fitness at baseline and follow up...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27409333/does-the-incremental-shuttle-walk-test-require-maximal-effort-in-young-obese-women
#20
S P Jürgensen, R Trimer, L Di Thommazo-Luporini, V Z Dourado, J C Bonjorno-Junior, C R Oliveira, R Arena, A Borghi-Silva
Obesity is a chronic disease with a multifaceted treatment approach that includes nutritional counseling, structured exercise training, and increased daily physical activity. Increased body mass elicits higher cardiovascular, ventilatory and metabolic demands to varying degrees during exercise. With functional capacity assessment, this variability can be evaluated so individualized guidance for exercise training and daily physical activity can be provided. The aim of the present study was to compare cardiovascular, ventilatory and metabolic responses obtained during a symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPX) on a treadmill to responses obtained by the incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) in obese women and to propose a peak oxygen consumption (VO2) prediction equation through variables obtained during the ISWT...
July 11, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
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