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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937339/locked-out
#1
Veronica Johansson, Surjo R Soekadar, Jens Clausen
Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) can enable communication for persons in severe paralysis including locked-in syndrome (LIS); that is, being unable to move or speak while aware. In cases of complete loss of muscle control, termed "complete locked-in syndrome," a BCI may be the only viable solution to restore communication. However, a widespread ignorance regarding quality of life in LIS, current BCIs, and their potential as an assistive technology for persons in LIS, needlessly causes a harmful situation for this cohort...
October 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937016/impact-of-usage-of-personal-music-systems-on-oto-acoustic-emissions-among-medical-students
#2
Prasanth G Narahari, Jayashree Bhat, Arivudai Nambi, Anshul Arora
BACKGROUND: Intact hearing is essential for medical students and physicians for communicating with patients and appreciating internal sounds with a stethoscope. With the increased use of (PMSs), they are exposed to high sound levels and are at a risk of developing hearing loss. The effect of long term personal music system (PMS) usage on auditory sensitivity has been well established. Our study has reported the immediate and short term effect of PMS usage on hearing especially among medical professionals...
September 2017: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936934/-dementia-and-advertising-techniques
#3
K Bormans
Dementia is tough for the person who is suffering from it, but also stressful for the entourage. The decrease of contact and recognition is difficult for these 'shadow victims of the disorder'. Looking at dementia as mere 'memory loss' may cause feelings of powerlessness, since there is currently no medication that can prevent or cure this deterioration process. Shifting the emphasis to 'loss of communication' makes the problem somewhat easier to deal with. What if advertising techniques could boost the challenging dialogue with people suffering from dementia?...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936618/defining-and-measuring-diagnostic-uncertainty-in-medicine-a-systematic-review
#4
Viraj Bhise, Suja S Rajan, Dean F Sittig, Robert O Morgan, Pooja Chaudhary, Hardeep Singh
BACKGROUND: Physicians routinely encounter diagnostic uncertainty in practice. Despite its impact on health care utilization, costs and error, measurement of diagnostic uncertainty is poorly understood. We conducted a systematic review to describe how diagnostic uncertainty is defined and measured in medical practice. METHODS: We searched OVID Medline and PsycINFO databases from inception until May 2017 using a combination of keywords and Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)...
September 21, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935679/professional-medical-interpreters-influence-the-quality-of-acute-ischemic-stroke-care-for-patients-who-speak-languages-other-than-english
#5
Betty M Luan Erfe, Khawja A Siddiqui, Lee H Schwamm, Chris Kirwan, Anabela Nunes, Nicte I Mejia
BACKGROUND: The inability to communicate effectively in a common language can jeopardize clinicians' efforts to provide quality patient care. Professional medical interpreters (PMIs) can help provide linguistically appropriate health care, in particular for the >25 million Americans who identify speaking English less than very well. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between use of PMIs and quality of acute ischemic stroke care received by patients who preferred to have their medical care in languages other than English...
September 21, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935430/-health-care-needs-and-barriers-in-seeking-medical-care-for-global-health-and-sexual-and-reproductive-health-among-students-from-f%C3%A3-lix-houphou%C3%A3-t-boigny-university-abidjan-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#6
M Inghels, P A Coffie, J Larmarange
BACKGROUND: In Ivory Coast, little is known about health needs and health access barriers among young people. The aim of this study was to describe health provision, health needs and barriers when seeking medical care, with an emphasis on sexual and reproductive health, and the acceptability of a medical examination for students attending their first year at the Houphouët-Boigny University, Abidjan, Ivory Coast. METHODS: We conducted a representative cross-sectional study among second year students who were selected by two-stage equiprobable random sampling...
September 18, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935131/which-research-questions-are-important-for-the-bereaved-families-of-palliative-care-cancer-patients-a-nationwide-survey
#7
Akihiro Sakashita, Tatsuya Morita, Megumi Kishino, Maho Aoyama, Yoshiyuki Kizawa, Satoru Tsuneto, Yasuo Shima, Mitsunori Miyashita
CONTEXT: Bereaved family members are present from diagnosis to the end of life and can look back and evaluate the experience; additionally, the family itself is also an important subject in the care of the patient. Therefore, while it is essential to determine the priority research issues from the viewpoint of the patients and health care workers, it is also crucial to know the important research themes from the viewpoint of the bereaved family members. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify research priorities for palliative care in Japan, based on the viewpoint of bereaved family members...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934872/a-structural-equation-model-of-patient-healthcare-provider-relationships-and-hiv-infected-patient-outcomes-in-chinese-populations
#8
Wei-Ti Chen, Chengshi Shiu, Joyce P Yang, Peing Chuang, Lin Zhang, Meijuan Bao, Hongzhou Lu
Obtaining maximum antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence is critical for maintaining a high CD4 count and strong immune function in PLWHA. Key factors for achieving optimum adherence include good medication self-efficacy, decreased medication-taking difficulties, and positive patient-healthcare provider (HCP) relationships. Limited studies have analyzed the correlation of these factors and ART adherence in Chinese population. In this paper, structural equation modeling was performed to assess the proposed model of relations between patient-HCP relationships and adherence...
September 21, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934403/improving-inpatient-medication-adherence-using-attendant-education-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-uganda
#9
Patricia Alupo, Richard Ssekitoleko, Tracy Rabin, Robert Kalyesubula, Ivan Kimuli, Benjamin E Bodnar
Quality problem: Although widely utilized in resource-rich health care systems, the use of quality improvement (QI) techniques is less common in resource-limited environments. Uganda is a resource-limited country in Sub-Saharan Africa that faces many challenges with health care delivery. These challenges include understaffing, inconsistent drug availability and inefficient systems that limit the provision of clinical care. Initial assessment: Poor adherence to prescribed inpatient medications was identified as a key shortcoming of clinical care on the internal medicine wards of Mulago National Referral Hospital, Kampala, Uganda...
August 1, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934333/supermarket-purchase-contributes-to-nutrition-related-non-communicable-diseases-in-urban-kenya
#10
Kathrin M Demmler, Stephan Klasen, Jonathan M Nzuma, Matin Qaim
BACKGROUND: While undernutrition and related infectious diseases are still pervasive in many developing countries, the prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCD), typically associated with high body mass index (BMI), is rapidly rising. The fast spread of supermarkets and related shifts in diets were identified as possible factors contributing to overweight and obesity in developing countries. Potential effects of supermarkets on people's health have not been analyzed up till now. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the effects of purchasing food in supermarkets on people's BMI, as well as on health indicators such as fasting blood glucose (FBG), blood pressure (BP), and the metabolic syndrome...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933782/cardiovascular-disease-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-epidemiology-and-risk-factor-burden
#11
REVIEW
Karam Turk-Adawi, Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Ibtihal Fadhil, Kathryn Taubert, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Nanette K Wenger, Nigel S Tan, Sherry L Grace
The Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR) comprises 22 countries or territories spanning from Morocco in the west to Pakistan in the east, and contains a population of almost 600 million people. Like many other developing regions, the burden of disease in the EMR has shifted in the past 30 years from primarily communicable diseases to noncommunicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease (CVD). Cardiovascular mortality in the EMR, mostly attributable to ischaemic heart disease, is expected to increase more dramatically in the next decade than in any other region except Africa...
September 21, 2017: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933343/the-european-medical-corps-first-public-health-team-mission-and-future-perspectives
#12
Joana M Haussig, Ettore Severi, Jonathan Hj Baum, Veerle Vanlerberghe, Amparo Laiseca, Laurent Defrance, Cristina Brailescu, Denis Coulombier, Josep Jansa
The 2013-2016 Ebola epidemic in West Africa challenged traditional international mechanisms for public health team mobilisation to control outbreaks. Consequently, in February 2016, the European Union (EU) launched the European Medical Corps (EMC), a mechanism developed in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) to rapidly deploy teams and equipment in response to public health emergencies inside and outside the EU. Public Health Teams (PHTs), a component of the EMC, consist of experts in communicable disease prevention and control from participating countries and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), to support affected countries and WHO in risk assessment and outbreak response...
September 14, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933275/a-case-of-inappropriate-self-medication-compounded-with-prescribing-vis-%C3%A3-vis-dispensing-errors-and-the-hazardous-consequence
#13
Sukalyan Saha Roy, Anupam Roy, Ranjita Santra Dhali, Chiranjib Bagchi, Gautam Banerjee, Santanu K Tripathi
INTRODUCTION Dispensing error, a type of medication error, is not infrequent but seldom reported. Self-medication behavior appears to be a commonplace. And when it is ignorant it may prove dangerous. We report here a case of acute vesico-bullous eruptions from methotrexate in a patient of psoriasis who indulged in self-medication and was wrongfully dispensed higher doses of methotrexate. CASE DESCRIPTION A 50-year-old gentleman presented to the dermatology OPD with erythematous, vesico-bullar lesions spread all over the body including both limbs and scalp, with oral mucosal involvement without any history of fever...
September 19, 2017: Current Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933193/examining-a-statewide-educational-consulting-program-for-pediatric-brain-injury
#14
Rachel K Myers, Brenda L Eagan-Brown, Alexandra T Conway, Drew A Nagele, Monica J Vaccaro, Sadiqa Kendi, Mark R Zonfrillo
This study describes characteristics of students with acquired brain injury enrolled in a statewide educational consultation program and the program's support activities. Utilizing deidentified data from a statewide brain injury school consultation program, descriptive analyses of demographic and injury characteristics, including medical diagnosis (concussion/mild traumatic brain injury [TBI], moderate-severe TBI, and non-TBI), referral characteristics, educational placement, and the types of program activities were undertaken...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931972/relationship-of-health-sociodemographic-and-economic-factors-and-life-satisfaction-in-young-old-and-old-old-elderly-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-data-from-the-korean-longitudinal-study-of-aging
#15
Jin-Won Noh, Kyoung-Beom Kim, Ju Hyun Lee, Min Hee Kim, Young Dae Kwon
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship of health, sociodemographic, and economic factors and life satisfaction in young-old and old-old elderly groups. [Subjects and Methods] In the 2012 data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing, 4,134 of the final survey subjects aged 65 or older were analyzed. Multivaribale linear regression was performed to examine the degrees of explanatory power as factors (health, sociodemographic, and economic) in young-old (65 to 79 years) and old-old (80 years or older)...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931501/cancer-predisposition-cascade-screening-for-hereditary-breast-ovarian-cancer-and-lynch-syndromes-in-switzerland-study-protocol
#16
Maria C Katapodi, Valeria Viassolo, Maria Caiata-Zufferey, Christos Nikolaidis, Rosmarie Bührer-Landolt, Nicole Buerki, Rossella Graffeo, Henrik Csaba Horváth, Christian Kurzeder, Manuela Rabaglio, Michael Scharfe, Corinne Urech, Tobias E Erlanger, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Karl Heinimann, Viola Heinzelmann-Schwarz, Olivia Pagani, Pierre O Chappuis
BACKGROUND: Breast, colorectal, ovarian, and endometrial cancers constitute approximately 30% of newly diagnosed cancer cases in Switzerland, affecting more than 12,000 individuals annually. Hundreds of these patients are likely to carry germline pathogenic variants associated with hereditary breast ovarian cancer (HBOC) or Lynch syndrome (LS). Genetic services (counseling and testing) for hereditary susceptibility to cancer can prevent many cancer diagnoses and deaths through early identification and risk management...
September 20, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931491/global-regional-and-national-burden-of-neurological-disorders-during-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#17
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Comparable data on the global and country-specific burden of neurological disorders and their trends are crucial for health-care planning and resource allocation. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) Study provides such information but does not routinely aggregate results that are of interest to clinicians specialising in neurological conditions. In this systematic analysis, we quantified the global disease burden due to neurological disorders in 2015 and its relationship with country development level...
September 15, 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931381/a-qualitative-study-to-identify-parents-perceptions-of-and-barriers-to-asthma-management-in-children-from-south-asian-and-white-british-families
#18
Monica Lakhanpaul, Lorraine Culley, Noelle Robertson, Deborah Bird, Nicky Hudson, Narynder Johal, Melanie McFeeters, Emma Angell, Charlotte Hamlyn-Williams, Nadine Abbas, Logan Manikam, Mark Johnson
BACKGROUND: Over one million children receive treatment for asthma in the UK. South Asian children experience excess morbidity and higher rates of hospitalization than the White population. This study aimed to explore perceptions and experiences of asthma and asthma management in British South Asian and White British families, to identify barriers to optimal management and to inform culturally appropriate interventions to improve management. METHODS: A qualitative methodology, using semi-structured interviews was adopted...
September 20, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931251/managing-arterial-injury-in-endoscopic-skull-base-surgery-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Alicia Del Carmen Becerra Romero, Jagath Lal Gangadharan, Evan D Bander, Yves Pierre Gobin, Vijay K Anand, Theodore H Schwartz
BACKGROUND: The most feared complications following endoscopic endonasal skull base surgery are arterial vascular injuries. Previously published literature is restricted to internal carotid artery injuries. The ideal method for controlling arterial bleeding during this kind of procedure is debated, and a variety of techniques have been advocated. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the management and outcome following intraoperative arterial injury during endoscopic endonasal skull base surgery...
February 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931145/medical-and-psychological-problems-faced-by-young-australian-gap-year-travellers
#20
Luis Furuya-Kanamori, Deborah Mills, Sarah Sheridan, Colleen Lau
Background: Gap year travellers can potentially be exposed to many infectious diseases and other travel-related health problems including injuries and psychological problems. Currently, there is little information on health and wellbeing of this particular group of travellers. Methods: Participants were recruited from an organization that specialized in organising international gap year placements. Gap year travellers were asked to complete a pre-departure survey on demographics, placement destination and duration, previous travel experience, hobbies, risk taking behaviour, anticipated problems during the placement, and pre-travel preparations...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
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