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Vitamin d survival

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791721/persistence-of-treatment-with-biologics-for-patients-with-psoriasis-a-real-world-analysis-of-16-545-biologic-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-from-the-french-national-health-insurance-database-sniiram
#1
E Sbidian, M Mezzarobba, A Weill, J Coste, J Rudant
BACKGROUND: Long-term clinical effectiveness of biologics in psoriasis is needed. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the long-term persistence of biologics used to treat psoriasis in a real-life setting. METHODS: All adults with psoriasis having been registered in the French national health insurance database (SNIIRAM) between 2008 and 2016 were eligible for inclusion. Psoriasis was defined as the fulfilment of at least two prescriptions for topical formulations of vitamin D derivative within a two-year period...
May 23, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782992/single-ultra-high-dose-cholecalciferol-to-prevent-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-pediatric-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#2
Gregory Wallace, Sonata Jodele, Kasiani C Myers, Christopher E Dandoy, Javier El-Bietar, Adam Nelson, Ashley Teusink-Cross, Pooja Khandelwal, Cynthia Taggart, Catherine M Gordon, Stella M Davies, Jonathan C Howell
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D (vitD) deficiency is prevalent among childhood hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients and associated with inferior transplant survival at 100 days after transplantation. Achieving and maintaining therapeutic vitD levels in HSCT recipients is extremely challenging in the first 3-6 months after transplant due to poor compliance in the setting of mucositis, and concomitant use of critical transplant drugs that interfere with vitD absorption. We sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a single, ultra-high dose of vitD given prior to childhood HSCT to maintain levels in a therapeutic range during the peri-transplantation period...
May 18, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781720/supplementation-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-patients-with-neuroendocrine-tumors-using-over-the-counter-vitamin-d3-preparations
#3
Helen L Robbins, Megan Symington, Barbara Mosterman, Josie Goodby, Louise Davies, Georgios K Dimitriadis, Gregory Kaltsas, Harpal S Randeva, Martin O Weickert
Vitamin D (vit-D) deficiency is highly prevalent in patients with gastro-entero-pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NET) and has been linked to reduced overall survival. We here assessed the vit-D status in 183 patients with GEP-NET at the time of their first presentation in the ARDEN NET Centre. We further examined the effect of simple advice to increase vit-D intake using over-the-counter vit-D preparations [colecalciferol (Vit-D3), 1,000-2,000 units/day], over a prospective observation period of 24 mo...
May 21, 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767854/emerging-association-between-parathyroid-hormone-and-anemia-in-hemodialysis-patients
#4
REVIEW
Motoko Tanaka, Hirotaka Komaba, Masafumi Fukagawa
Anemia is a common complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD). There are various causes of renal anemia such as decreased production of erythropoietin, resistance to erythropoietin, shortened survival of red blood cells, and bone marrow fibrosis. Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is a less recognized, but potentially significant cause of renal anemia in CKD patients. Parathyroid hormone (PTH) has been regarded as a uremic toxin that has multiple adverse effects, and its elevated levels have been associated with renal anemia in hemodialysis patients...
May 16, 2018: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765521/long-term-deficiency-of-vitamin-d-in-germ-cell-testicular-cancer-survivors
#5
Lucia Nappi, Margaret Ottaviano, Pasquale Rescigno, Ladan Fazli, Martin E Gleave, Vincenzo Damiano, Sabino De Placido, Giovannella Palmieri
Background: Cisplatin-based chemotherapy significantly improved the survival of patients with germ cell testicular cancer. However, long term side effects of chemotherapy have non-negligible impact on the quality of life of these young patients, who have a long life expectancy after being successfully treated. Materials and Methods: 25-OH vitamin D, testosterone, FSH and LH of patients with testicular cancer were retrospectively evaluated and for each patient clinical information were collected...
April 20, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756240/vitamin-d-intake-and-survival-and-recurrence-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#6
Eva B Yokosawa, Anna E Arthur, Katie M Rentschler, Gregory T Wolf, Laura S Rozek, Alison M Mondul
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: With an unacceptably low 5-year survival rate and few identified modifiable factors that affect head and neck cancer (HNC) outcomes, HNC survival remains an important public health problem. Vitamin D has been shown to be associated with immune reactivity and improved outcomes for some cancer sites, but findings are mixed, and few studies have examined vitamin D in relation to HNC. This study aimed to assess the association between vitamin D intake and survival outcomes in HNC patients...
May 14, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754817/vitamin-d-switches-baf-complexes-to-protect-%C3%AE-cells
#7
Zong Wei, Eiji Yoshihara, Nanhai He, Nasun Hah, Weiwei Fan, Antonio F M Pinto, Timothy Huddy, Yuhao Wang, Brittany Ross, Gabriela Estepa, Yang Dai, Ning Ding, Mara H Sherman, Sungsoon Fang, Xuan Zhao, Christopher Liddle, Annette R Atkins, Ruth T Yu, Michael Downes, Ronald M Evans
A primary cause of disease progression in type 2 diabetes (T2D) is β cell dysfunction due to inflammatory stress and insulin resistance. However, preventing β cell exhaustion under diabetic conditions is a major therapeutic challenge. Here, we identify the vitamin D receptor (VDR) as a key modulator of inflammation and β cell survival. Alternative recognition of an acetylated lysine in VDR by bromodomain proteins BRD7 and BRD9 directs association to PBAF and BAF chromatin remodeling complexes, respectively...
May 7, 2018: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751358/vitamin-d-was-not-associated-with-survival-or-cerebrospinal-fluid-cathelicidin-levels-in-children-with-bacterial-meningitis
#8
Okko Savonius, Tuula Pelkonen, Irmeli Roine, Heli Viljakainen, Sture Andersson, Josefina Fernandez, Heikki Peltola, Otto Helve
AIM: Vitamin D deficiency impairs the immunological system and has been associated with worse outcomes of infectious diseases, but its role in bacterial meningitis remains unknown. We investigated whether serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations related to disease outcomes and to cerebrospinal fluid cathelicidin concentrations in childhood bacterial meningitis. METHODS: All consecutively enrolled patients in a clinical trial on childhood bacterial meningitis in Latin America in 1996-2003 were considered and 142 children, with a median age of seven months who had a confirmed bacterial aetiology and frozen serum available for further analyses, were included in the present study...
May 11, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741392/diagnostic-serum-vitamin-d-level-is-not-a-reliable-prognostic-factor-for-resectable-breast-cancer
#9
Dilsa Mizrak Kaya, Bengi Ozturk, Pinar Kubilay, Handan Onur, Gungor Utkan, Filiz Cay Senler, Ali Alkan, Halis Yerlikaya, Elif B Koksoy, Ebru Karci, Ahmet Demirkazik, Hakan Akbulut, Fikri Icli
AIM: There are inconsistent results about the effects of vitamin D level on breast cancer prognosis. We aimed to investigate the effect of vitamin D levels on the prognosis of resectable breast cancer in a patient group with highly different clothing styles. PATIENTS/METHODS: A total of 186 breast cancer patients were enrolled in the study. RESULTS: Vitamin D level was sufficient, insufficient and deficient in 17.2, 52.2 and 30.6% of patients, respectively...
May 9, 2018: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715698/antenatal-vitamin-d-preserves-placental-vascular-and-fetal-growth-in-experimental-chorioamnionitis-due-to-intra-amniotic-endotoxin-exposure
#10
Michael W Cookson, Sharon L Ryan, Gregory J Seedorf, R Blair Dodson, Steve H Abman, Erica W Mandell
BACKGROUND:  Chorioamnionitis (CA) is associated with a high risk for the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) after preterm birth, but mechanisms that increase susceptibility for BPD and strategies to prevent BPD are uncertain. As a model of CA, antenatal intra-amniotic (IA) endotoxin (ETX) exposure alters placental structure, causes fetal growth restriction, increases perinatal mortality, and causes sustained cardiorespiratory abnormalities throughout infancy. Vitamin D (Vit D) has been shown to have both anti-inflammatory and proangiogenic properties...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707142/-pik3ca-mutation-reduced-akt-serine-473-phosphorylation-and-increased-er%C3%AE-serine-167-phosphorylation-are-positive-prognostic-indicators-in-postmenopausal-estrogen-receptor-positive-early-breast-cancer
#11
Naoko Ishida, Motoi Baba, Yutaka Hatanaka, Kanako Hagio, Hiromi Okada, Kanako C Hatanaka, Kenichi Togashi, Yoshihiro Matsuno, Hiroko Yamashita
Although endocrine therapy is the most important treatment option in estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer, new strategies, such as molecular targeted agents together with endocrine therapy are required to improve survival. PIK3CA is the most frequent mutated gene in ER-positive early breast cancers, and PIK3CA mutation status is reported to affect activation of AKT and ERα. Moreover, recent studies demonstrate that patients had a better prognosis when tumors expressed ER, androgen receptor (AR), and vitamin D receptor (VDR)...
April 3, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702263/a-sorafenib-sparing-effect-in-the-treatment-of-thyroid-carcinoma-cells-attained-by-co-treatment-with-a-novel-isoflavone-derivative-and-1-25-dihydroxyvitamin-d3
#12
Elena Izkhakov, Orli Sharon, Esther Knoll, Asaf Aizic, Dan M Fliss, Fortune Kohen, Naftali Stern, Dalia Somjen
BACKGROUND: Sorafenib improves progression-free survival in patients with progressive radioactive iodine-refractory differentiated thyroid carcinoma, but causes severe side effects. Estrogens may accelerate thyroid carcinoma cell growth. Our group recently reported that isoflavone derivative 7-(O)-carboxymethyl daidzein conjugated to N-t-boc-hexylenediamine (cD-tboc), a novel anti-estrogenic compound, retards the growth of both thyroid carcinoma cell lines and cultured human carcinoma cells...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684661/effects-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-adherence-to-and-persistence-with-long-term-statin-therapy-secondary-analysis-from-the-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-vida-study
#13
Zhenqiang Wu, Carlos A Camargo, Kay-Tee Khaw, Debbie Waayer, Carlene M M Lawes, Les Toop, Robert Scragg
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Long-term statin use increases survival. However, the adherence to and persistence with statin use are challenging and this influences the success of statin treatment. Our aim was to explore if monthly vitamin D supplementation (100,000-IU) improves the adherence to and persistence with long-term statin use in older adults. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of a trial comparing data on dispensed statin prescriptions, between participants allocated to vitamin D supplementation or placebo, for those taking statin therapy...
April 7, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675761/vitamin-d-supplementation-is-a-promising-therapy-for-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-in-conjunction-with-current-chemoradiation-therapy
#14
Yosuke Mukai, Daisaku Yamada, Hidetoshi Eguchi, Yoshifumi Iwagami, Tadafumi Asaoka, Takehiro Noda, Koichi Kawamoto, Kunihito Gotoh, Shogo Kobayashi, Yutaka Takeda, Masahiro Tanemura, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki
BACKGROUND: The cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) are well known to play a dominant role in distant metastasis. Nevertheless, the effect on CAFs with current chemoradiation therapies remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to reveal the role of CAFs under current chemoradiation therapy (CRT) and investigate the factors regulating CAFs. METHODS: α-SMA-positive cells in 86 resected PDAC specimens with/without preoperative CRT were evaluated by immunohistochemistry...
April 19, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651419/management-of-glioblastoma-multiforme-in-a-patient-treated-with-ketogenic-metabolic-therapy-and-modified-standard-of-care-a-24-month-follow-up
#15
Ahmed M A Elsakka, Mohamed Abdel Bary, Eman Abdelzaher, Mostafa Elnaggar, Miriam Kalamian, Purna Mukherjee, Thomas N Seyfried
Few advances have been made in overall survival for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) in more than 40 years. Here, we report the case of a 38-year-old man who presented with chronic headache, nausea, and vomiting accompanied by left partial motor seizures and upper left limb weakness. Enhanced brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed a solid cystic lesion in the right partial space suggesting GBM. Serum testing revealed vitamin D deficiency and elevated levels of insulin and triglycerides. Prior to subtotal tumor resection and standard of care (SOC), the patient conducted a 72-h water-only fast...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628342/meg3-activated-by-vitamin-d-inhibits-colorectal-cancer-cells-proliferation-and-migration-via-regulating-clusterin
#16
Yan Zhu, Peizhan Chen, Yisha Gao, Na Ta, Yunshuo Zhang, Jialin Cai, Yong Zhao, Shupeng Liu, Jianming Zheng
The long non-coding RNA maternally expressed gene 3 (MEG3) is frequently dysregulated in human cancers; however, its roles in colorectal cancer (CRC) development are largely unknown. Here, we reported that MEG3 was down-regulated in CRC tissues and CRC patients with lower MEG3 showed poorer overall survival and disease-free survival than those with higher MEG3 level. MEG3 over-expression represses CRC cells proliferation and migration in vivo and in vitro, while MEG3 knockdown leads to the enhanced proliferation and metastasis of CRC cells...
March 31, 2018: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602840/vitamin-d-obesity-and-leptin-in-relation-to-bladder-cancer-incidence-and-survival-prospective-protocol-study
#17
Randi Elin Gislefoss, Jo Steinson Stenehjem, Helga Helseth Hektoen, Bettina Kulle Andreassen, Hilde Langseth, Karol Axcrona, Elisabete Weiderpass, Alison Mondul, Trude Eid Robsahm
INTRODUCTION: Bladder cancer (BC) (including renal pelvis, ureter and urethra) is one of the most common urogenital cancers and the fourth most frequent cancer in men in the USA. In Norway, the incidence of BC has increased over the last decades. The age-standardised incidence rates per 100 000 for 2011-2015 were 53.7 in men and 16.5 in women. Compared to the 5-year period 2006-2010, the percentage increase in incidence was 6.1% in men and 12.3% in women. The recurrence rate of BC is over 50%, the highest recurrence rate of any malignancy...
March 30, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595889/dietary-onion-or-ginger-modulates-the-stress-response-and-susceptibility-to-vibrio-harveyi-jml1-infection-in-brown-marbled-grouper-epinephelus-fuscoguttatus-juveniles
#18
E C Amar, M J S Apines-Amar, J P Faisan
Onion Allium cepa and ginger Zingiber officinale have health-promoting properties that qualify them as functional foods. The effect of repeated acute stressors was examined in juvenile Brown-marbled Grouper Epinephelus fuscoguttatus that were fed four diets supplemented with onion at 1.8%, ginger at 1.8%, vitamin C at 0.86%, and β-glucan at 0.8% of the diet. The non-supplemented diet served as the control. After 12 weeks of feeding, fish were exposed to stressors and were experimentally infected with a fish pathogen, the bacterium Vibrio harveyi JML1...
March 2018: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593721/vitamin-d-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-influence-on-immunity-and-disease
#19
REVIEW
María Ángeles Jiménez-Sousa, Isidoro Martínez, Luz María Medrano, Amanda Fernández-Rodríguez, Salvador Resino
People living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection typically have hypovitaminosis D, which is linked to a large number of pathologies, including immune disorders and infectious diseases. Vitamin D (VitD) is a key regulator of host defense against infections by activating genes and pathways that enhance innate and adaptive immunity. VitD mediates its biological effects by binding to the Vitamin D receptor (VDR), and activating and regulating multiple cellular pathways. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in genes from those pathways have been associated with protection from HIV-1 infection...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590167/serum-vitamin-d-concentrations-in-hospitalized-critically-ill-dogs
#20
Jared A Jaffey, Robert C Backus, Kaylyn M McDaniel, Amy E DeClue
Hypovitaminosis D has been extensively documented in critically ill humans. However, whether or not critically ill dogs have alterations in vitamin D concentrations remains unconfirmed. The primary aims of our study were to compare serum 25-hydroxycholecalciferol [25(OH)D] concentrations in critically ill dogs with healthy control dogs, determine the prognostic utility of serum 25(OH)D concentration as a biomarker in critically ill dogs, and to assess if serum 25(OH)D concentrations in critically ill dogs are associated with length of stay in the intensive care unit or illness severity...
2018: PloS One
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