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Sodium bicarbonate

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776838/hot-aqueous-leaf-extract-of-lasianthera-africana-icacinaceae-attenuates-rifampicin-isoniazid-induced-hepatotoxicity
#1
Lucky Legbosi Nwidu, Raphael Ellis Teme
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the hepatoprotective effect of Lasianthera africana (Icacinaceae) against isoniazid (INH) and rifampicin (RIF)-induced liver damage in rats. METHODS: The hepatoprotective effects of hot aqueous L. africana (HALA) leaf extract (0.1-1 g/kg) and silymarin (50 mg/kg) were assessed in a model of oxidative liver damage induced by RIF and INH (100 mg/kg each) in Wistar rats for 28 days. Biochemical markers of hepatic damage such as alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were assessed...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774167/complete-hypokalemic-quadriparesis-as-a-first-presentation-of-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome
#2
Jason An, Branko Braam
Rationale: We hope to increase awareness that hypokalemic paralysis may be the first presentation of Sjögren syndrome, for which potassium-sparing diuretics can be an effective adjunct to potassium replenishment. Presenting concerns: A 73-year-old female presented to a peripheral hospital with quadriparesis and a critically low serum potassium of 1.6 mmol/L with U waves on the electrocardiogram (ECG). The initial arterial blood gas showed a pH of 7.19, bicarbonate of 13 mEq/L, and a CO2 of 35 mm Hg...
2018: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771966/the-effect-of-chronic-progressive-dose-sodium-bicarbonate-ingestion-on-crossfit-like-performance-a-double-blind-randomized-cross-over-trial
#3
Krzysztof Durkalec-Michalski, Emilia E Zawieja, Tomasz Podgórski, Igor Łoniewski, Bogna E Zawieja, Marta Warzybok, Jan Jeszka
BACKGROUND: Sodium bicarbonate (SB) has been proposed as an ergogenic aid, as it improves high-intensity and resistance exercise performance. However, no studies have yet investigated SB application in CrossFit. This study examined the effects of chronic, progressive-dose SB ingestion on CrossFit-like performance and aerobic capacity. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind, cross-over trial, 21 CrossFit-trained participants were randomly allocated to 2 groups and underwent 2 trials separated by a 14-day washout period...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770709/lessons-learned-from-the-preserve-trial
#4
Sasan Partovi, Thomas Trischman, Preet S Kang
The recently published PRESERVE trial is presently the largest and most comprehensive clinical trial comparing commonly applied strategies for prevention of iodinated contrast-induced acute kidney injury in high-risk patients. The fundamental conclusion of the PRESERVE trial is that oral acetylcysteine and intravenous sodium bicarbonate are not superior to simple intravenous hydration with isotonic saline for the prevention of contrast-induced renal sequelae. In this commentary, we discuss the results in the context of selected past major trials, and provide insights into the strengths and potential weaknesses of the PRESERVE trial...
May 17, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768710/improving-the-safety-of-high-dose-methotrexate-for-children-with-hematologic-cancers-in-settings-without-access-to-mtx-levels-using-extended-hydration-and-additional-leucovorin
#5
Kalthi Vaishnavi, Deepak Bansal, Amita Trehan, Richa Jain, Savita Verma Attri
BACKGROUND: A lack of access to methotrexate levels is common in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), relevant for 80% of children with cancer worldwide. We evaluated whether high-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX) can be administered safely with extended hydration and leucovorin rescue, with monitoring of serum creatinine and urine pH. METHODS: The prospective study was conducted at a single centre in Chandigarh, India in 2015. Patients with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) or with T-cell ALL or non-Hodgkin lymphoma (T-NHL) were administered 3 and 5 gm/m2 of MTX (24 hr infusion), respectively...
May 16, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767103/comparative-methane-estimation-from-cattle-based-on-total-co-2-production-using-different-techniques
#6
Md N Haque, Hanne H Hansen, Ida M L D Storm, Jørgen Madsen
The objective of this study was to compare the precision of CH4 estimates using calculated CO2 (HP) by the CO2 method (CO2 T) and measured CO2 in the respiration chamber (CO2 R). The CO2 R and CO2 T study was conducted as a 3 × 3 Latin square design where 3 Dexter heifers were allocated to metabolic cages for 3 periods. Each period consisted of 2 weeks of adaptation followed by 1 week of measurement with the CO2 R and CO2 T. The average body weight of the heifer was 226 ± 11 kg (means ± SD). They were fed a total mixed ration, twice daily, with 1 of 3 supplements: wheat (W), molasses (M), or molasses mixed with sodium bicarbonate (Mbic)...
June 2017: Animal nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763800/potentials-of-using-mixed-culture-bacteria-incorporated-with-sodium-bicarbonate-for-hydrogen-production-from-water-hyacinth
#7
Alaa Wazeri, Mohamed Elsamadony, Sophie Le Roux, Pascal Peu, Ahmed Tawfik
The aim of this study is to assess the potentials of using mixed culture bacteria incorporated with different concentrations of NaHCO3 for hydrogen production from water hyacinth (WH). The lowest hydrogen yield (HY) of 30.4 ± 1.9 mL/gTVS , H2 content (HC) of 19.5 ± 1.5% and hydrogenase enzyme (HE) activity of 0.06 ± 0.01 mgM.Breduced /min were registered for the cultures without supplementation of NaHCO3 . The HY, HC, and HE activity were maximized at levels of 69.2 ± 4.3 mL/gTVS, 58...
May 8, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758155/six-month-evaluation-of-a-sodium-bicarbonate-containing-toothpaste-for-reduction-of-established-gingivitis-a-randomized-usa-based-clinical-trial
#8
Anto Jose, Jonathan Pratten, Mary-Lynn Bosma, Kimberly R Milleman, Jeffery L Milleman, Nan Wang
OBJECTIVES: Short-term use of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3)-containing toothpaste reduces plaque and improves clinical measures of gingivitis. To examine this over a longer period, we compared efficacy and tolerability of twice-daily brushing for 24 weeks with 67% or 0% NaHCO3-containing toothpastes in USA-based participants with moderate gingivitis (Clinicaltrials.gov:NCT02207400). METHODS: This was a six-month, randomized, examiner-blind, parallel-group, clinical trial...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750923/ion-channel-modulators-in-cystic-fibrosis
#9
REVIEW
Martina Gentzsch, Marcus A Mall
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene and remains one of the most common life-shortening genetic diseases affecting the lung and other organs. CFTR functions as a cAMP-dependent anion channel that transports chloride and bicarbonate across epithelial surfaces and disruption of these ion transport processes plays a central role in the pathogenesis of CF. These findings provided the rationale for pharmacological modulation of ion transport, either by targeting mutant CFTR or alternative ion channels that can compensate for CFTR dysfunction, as a promising therapeutic approach...
May 8, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746361/prolonged-qrs-widening-after-aripiprazole-overdose
#10
Maryann Mazer-Amirshahi, Robert Porter, Kayla Dewey
BACKGROUND: Aripiprazole is an atypical antipsychotic with a long half-life. Overdose can result in protracted somnolence and cardiac disturbances, particularly QT interval prolongation. METHODS: This is a single case report of a 14-year-old boy who took an overdose of aripiprazole and developed QRS widening. CASE: A 14-year-old boy intentionally ingested 20 tablets of aripiprazole (5 mg). He was brought to the emergency department when his ingestion was discovered...
May 5, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744193/effectiveness-of-implant-surface-debridement-using-particle-beams-at-differing-air-pressures
#11
Max C T Wei, Carol Tran, Neil Meredith, Laurence James Walsh
Because implant surface decontamination is challenging, air powder abrasive systems have been suggested as an alternative debridement method. This in vitro study investigated the effectiveness of different powder formulations and air pressures in cleaning implant surfaces and the extent of surface damage. A validated ink model of implant biofilm was used. Sterile 4.1 × 10 mm Grade 4 titanium implants were coated in a blue indelible ink to form a uniform, visually detectable biofilm-like layer over the implant threads and mounted into a bone replica material with bony defects to approximate peri-implantitis...
August 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742696/acute-starvation-ketoacidosis-in-pregnancy-with-severe-hypertriglyceridemia-a-case-report
#12
Li Hui, Li Shuying
RATIONALE: Pregnant women are more prone to ketosis due to the relative insulin resistance, accelerated lipolysis and increased free fatty acids. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a pregnant woman with hyperlipidemia, who experienced severe metabolic acidosis after a short period of starvation. DIAGNOSES: Based on her clinical symptoms, exclusion diagnosis and therapeutic diagnosis, her condition was diagnosed as starvation ketoacidosis. INTERVENTIONS: An emergency caesarean section under general anesthesia was implemented 2 hours after her admission...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739983/acute-physiology-and-neurologic-outcomes-after-brain-injury-in-scop-phlpp1-ko-mice
#13
Travis C Jackson, C Edward Dixon, Keri Janesko-Feldman, Vincent Vagni, Shawn E Kotermanski, Edwin K Jackson, Patrick M Kochanek
Suprachiasmatic nucleus circadian oscillatory protein (SCOP) (a.k.a. PHLPP1) regulates long-term memory consolidation in the brain. Using a mouse model of controlled cortical impact (CCI) we tested if (1) brain tissue levels of SCOP/PHLPP1 increase after a traumatic brain injury (TBI), and (2) if SCOP/PHLPP1 gene knockout (KO) mice have improved (or worse) neurologic outcomes. Blood chemistry (pH, pCO2 , pO2 , pSO2 , base excess, sodium bicarbonate, and osmolarity) and arterial pressure (MAP) differed in isoflurane anesthetized WT vs...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734271/safety-of-sodium-bicarbonate-for-control-of-icp-letter
#14
Julian M Brown, Christopher Bourdeaux, Reston Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733193/universal-hplc-detector-for-hydrophilic-organic-compounds-by-means-of-total-organic-carbon-detection
#15
Shin-Ichi Ohira, Kyosuke Kaneda, Toru Matsuzaki, Shuta Mori, Masanobu Mori, Kei Toda
Most quantifications are achieved by comparison of the signals obtained with the sample to those from a standard. Thus, the purity and stability of the standard are key in chemical analysis. Furthermore, if an analyte standard cannot be obtained, quantification cannot be achieved, even if the chemical structures are identified by a qualification method (e.g. high-resolution mass spectrometry). Herein, we describe a universal and analyte standard-free detector for aqueous-eluent-based high-performance liquid chromatography...
May 7, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731495/a-case-of-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-complicated-with-interstitial-nephritis-and-delayed-onset-autoimmune-hepatitis
#16
Takehisa Yamada, Megumi Fukui, Tetsuya Kashiwagi, Taeang Arai, Norio Itokawa, Masanori Atsukawa, Akira Shimizu, Shuichi Tsuruoka
A 61-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of muscle paralysis and was found to have severe hypokalemia. A gallium-67 scintigram revealed a positive accumulation in the bilateral salivary glands, and a labial minor salivary gland biopsy demonstrated a massive lymphocyte infiltrate around the salivary ducts. She was diagnosed with Sjögren's syndrome (SS) associated with renal tubular acidosis. Renal biopsy revealed tubulointerstitial nephritis with a mild focal infiltration of lymphocytes and plasma cells...
2018: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728855/influence-of-moringa-oleifera-extract-vitamin-c-and-sodium-bicarbonate-on-heat-stress-induced-hsp70-expression-and-cellular-immune-response-in-rabbits
#17
Mahmoud Abdel-Latif, Thabet Sakran, Yasser K Badawi, Doaa S Abdel-Hady
The current study aimed to test the effect of Moringa oleifera extract (MOE), vitamin (Vit) C, and sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3 ) on heat stress (HS)-induced alterations in rabbits. Five groups of rabbits were designed as control, HS, HS + MOE, HS + Vit C, and HS + NaHCO3 . HS groups were exposed to high temperatures, while treatments were given in drinking water for 6 weeks. Levels of blood cortisol, leptin, IFN-γ, TNF-α, and IL-10 were assayed using ELISA, while adrenaline was assayed calorimetrically...
May 4, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725085/bicarbonate-supplementation-enhances-growth-and-biochemical-composition-of-dunaliella-salina-v-101-by-reducing-oxidative-stress-induced-during-macronutrient-deficit-conditions
#18
Ramachandran Srinivasan, Anbazhagan Mageswari, Parthiban Subramanian, Chandrasekaran Suganthi, Amballa Chaitanyakumar, Velmurugan Aswini, Kodiveri Muthukalianan Gothandam
The unicellular marine alga Dunaliella salina is a most interesting green cell factory for the production of carotenes and lipids under extreme environment conditions. However, the culture conditions and their productivity are the major challenges faced by researchers which still need to be addressed. In this study, we investigated the effect of bicarbonate amendment on biomass, photosynthetic activity, biochemical constituents, nutrient uptake and antioxidant response of D. salina during macronutrient deficit conditions (N- , P- and S- )...
May 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724436/is-it-safe-to-re-access-sodium-bicarbonate-bottles-for-use-in-minor-surgery
#19
Lindsay Bjornson, Marija Bucevska, Peter Tilley, Cynthia Verchere
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Sodium bicarbonate is added to lidocaine to reduce injection pain. In Canada, it is available in vials exceeding the injection volume 100-fold. These are single-use vials that should be disposed of after one access. Some surgeons re-use vials to reduce waste, potentially causing contamination. This study aims to review the safety of sodium bicarbonate and assess alternatives to current practice. METHODS: Strains of Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Burkholderia cepacia were used to assess bacterial growth in vials of sodium bicarbonate...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722867/evaluating-the-quality-of-the-processes-of-care-and-clinical-outcomes-of-premature-newborns-admitted-to-neonatal-intensive-care-units-in-mexico
#20
Svetlana V Doubova, Heladia Josefa-García, Irma Alejandra Coronado-Zarco, Sandra Carrera-Muiños, Guadalupe Cordero-Gonzalez, Leonardo Cruz-Reynoso, Leovigildo Mateos-Sanchez, Ana Jesica Maya-García, Ricardo Pérez-Cuevas
Objectives: To develop quality of care (QoC) indicators, evaluate the quality of the processes of care (QPC) and clinical outcomes, and analyze the association between the QPC and severe clinical outcomes of preterm newborns admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Design: Mixed methods approach: (1) development of QoC indicators via modified RAND/UCLA method; (2) cross-sectional study of QoC evaluation and (3) multiple logistic regression analysis to ascertain the association between the QPC and severe clinical outcomes...
April 4, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
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