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intermedullary rod

Matthew C Swearingen, Jeffrey F Granger, Anne Sullivan, Paul Stoodley
Chronic orthopedic infections are commonly caused by bacterial biofilms, which are recalcitrant to antibiotic treatment. In many cases, the revision procedure for periprosthetic joint infection or trauma cases includes the implantation of antibiotic-loaded bone cement to kill infecting bacteria via the elution of a strong local dose of antibiotic(s) at the site. While many studies have addressed the elution kinetics of both non-absorbable and absorbable bone cements both in vitro and in vivo, the potency of ALBC against pathogenic bacteria after extended implantation time is not clear...
February 2016: Pathogens and Disease
R E McCarthy
The indications for amputation with pseudarthrosis of the tibia are: failure of bony union after three surgical attempts; significant leg-length discrepancy; interference with growth distal to the pseudarthrosis; and a significant period under medical care, such that the patient suffers unduly. The primary problems related to amputating at the level of the pseudarthrosis are poor stump configuration, bony overgrowth, and poor skin coverage. A distal amputation at the ankle is recommended, using the technique for a cartilage-preserving Symes amputation...
June 1982: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
W C McMaster
This is a descriptive summarization of the technique employed in doing closed intermedullary nailings of fractured femurs using a cannulated prebent nail system. With slight modifications the same approach and techniques can be used for a noncannulated solid nail system. The fine points of this technique which will help in preventing difficulties during the procedure are accurate preoperative positioning of the patient before draping; adequate preoperative traction to assure that slight over pull of the fracture fragments has been achieved; the use of the piriformis recess as the prime site for entry into the medullary canal...
January 1979: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
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