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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436168/effects-of-nitrogen-fertilizer-and-harvesting-stage-on-photosynthetic-pigments-and-phytol-contents-of-italian-ryegrass-silage
#1
Renlong Lv, Mabrouk El-Sabagh, Taketo Obitsu, Toshihisa Sugino, Yuzo Kurokawa, Kensuke Kawamura
This study aimed to investigate the effects of nitrogen (N) fertilizer application and harvesting stage on the contents of chlorophyll, phytol and carotenoids (β-carotene and lutein) in Italian ryegrass herbage before and after ensiling, and the extent of phytol preservation after ensiling. Three rates of N fertilizer (0, 60 and 120 kg N/ha) were applied by top-dressing as an additional fertilizer. The herbage harvested at booting stage (27 weeks of age) or heading stage (29 weeks of age) were wilted for 1 day, then ensiled for 60 days using a small-scale pouch system...
April 24, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435129/laparoscopic-sacral-colpopexy-the-%C3%A2-6points-%C3%A2-technique
#2
Marie Schaub Resident, Lise Lecointre, Emilie Faller, Thomas Boisramé, Jean-Jacques Baldauf, Arnaud Wattiez, Cherif Youssef Akladios
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Illustrate laparoscopic sacral colpopexy for pelvic organ prolapse, a new method using a simplified mesh fixation technique, with only six fixation points DESIGN: A step-by-step explanation of the surgery using video (educative video) The video was approved by the local IRB. SETTING: University Hospital of Strasbourg, France. PATIENTS: Women with multicompartment prolapse INTERVENTION: First, we dissect the promontorium, and vertically incise the posterior parietal peritoneum on the right pelvic sidewall until the pouch of Douglas...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434960/solitary-cysticercal-cyst-insidethe-blake-s-pouch-remnant-of-mega-cisterna-magna-with-associated-aqueductal-stenosis-the-clinical-and-management-implications
#3
Kuntal Kanti Das, Jaskaran Singh Gosal, Suyash Singh, Anant Mehrotra, Awadhesh Jaiswal, Sushila Jaiswal, Raj Kumar
BACKGROUND: Intraventricular and subarachnoid forms represent the relatively complex albeit uncommon manifestations of the central nervous system involvement by the cysticercal cysts. Cysticercal encystationinsidethe Blake's pouch remnant of mega cisterna magna remainsan extremely rare clinical scenario and to the best of our knowledge, has not been reported before. CASE REPORT: Herein, we report the case of a 12-year-old boy who presented with acute worsening and subsequent spontaneous resolution of his compensated hydrocephalus...
April 18, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430293/three-cases-of-ectopic-sphenoid-sinus-pituitary-adenoma
#4
Ernest Jan Bobeff, Karol Wiśniewski, Wielisław Papierz, Ludomir Stefańczyk, Dariusz Jan Jaskólski
<i><b>Introduction</b>: Ectopic sphenoid sinus pituitary adenoma is a rare tumour originating from embryologic remnants of Rathke's pouch. Although it is considered a clinically benign neoplasm, necrosis is encountered in 25% of cases and it can invade adjacent bone structures. <b>Aims</b>: To establish clinical, radiological and histopathological features of ectopic sphenoid sinus pituitary adenoma. <b>Material and methods: </b> Analysis of three cases: two females and one man, aged 61-70...
2017: Folia Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429541/toward-practical-high-energy-batteries-a-modular-assembled-oval-like-carbon-microstructure-for-thick-sulfur-electrodes
#5
Yusheng Ye, Feng Wu, Yuting Liu, Teng Zhao, Ji Qian, Yi Xing, Wanlong Li, Jiaqi Huang, Li Li, Qianming Huang, Xuedong Bai, Renjie Chen
The modular assembly of microstructures from simple nanoparticles offers a powerful strategy for creating materials with new functionalities. Such microstructures have unique physicochemical properties originating from confinement effects. Here, the modular assembly of scattered ketjen black nanoparticles into an oval-like microstructure via double "Fischer esterification," which is a form of surface engineering used to fine-tune the materials surface characteristics, is presented. After carbonization, the oval-like carbon microstructure shows promise as a candidate sulfur host for the fabrication of thick sulfur electrodes...
April 21, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429222/comparison-of-the-effects-of-mitochondria-targeted-antioxidant-10-6-plastoquinonyl-decyltriphenylphosphonium-bromide-skq1-and-a-fragment-of-its-molecule-dodecyltriphenylphosphonium-on-carrageenan-induced-acute-inflammation-in-mouse-model-of-subcuteneous-air
#6
M A Chelombitko, O A Averina, T V Vasil'eva, E E Dvorianinova, M V Egorov, O Yu Pletjushkina, E N Popova, A V Fedorov, V P Romashchenko, O P Ilyinskaya
The effect of mitochondria-targeted antioxidant 10-(6'-plastoquinonyl) decyltriphenylphosphonium bromide (SkQ1) and its fragment dodecyltriphenylphosphonium (C12TPP), weak uncouplers of respiration and oxidative phosphorylation, was studied using a mouse model of carrageenan-induced acute inflammation in the subcutaneous air pouch. In our model, SkQ1 demonstrated a strong anti-inflammatory effect that manifested in a decrease in the absolute number of inflammatory cells, mainly neutrophils, and their relative number in parallel with an increase in macrophages and mast cell content in the inflammatory exudate...
April 21, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427979/a-new-type-of-spinal-epidural-arteriovenous-fistulas-causes-spinal-epidural-hemorrhage-an-analysis-of-five-cases-and-natural-history-consideration
#7
Jia-Xing Yu, Tao Hong, Yong-Jie Ma, Feng Ling, Hong-Qi Zhang
BACKGROUND: Spinal epidural arteriovenous fistulas (SEDAVFs) are peculiar and poorly understood lesions with a poorly understood natural history. They are usually subclassified into two types according to their drainage components. This study aimed to describe a new type of SEDAVFs that is featured with a unique drainage pattern and present our natural history hypothesis of SEDAVFs. METHODS: Five SEDAVF cases of the new type were retrospectively reviewed from a high case-volume spinal vascular malformation database...
April 17, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426474/pouch-related-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis
#8
Edward L Barnes, Hans H Herfarth, Robert S Sandler, Wenli Chen, Elizabeth Jaeger, Van M Nguyen, Amber R Robb, Michael D Kappelman, Christopher F Martin, Millie D Long
BACKGROUND: Restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) has become the standard surgical treatment for the majority of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) who require colectomy. We evaluated the prevalence of pouch-related symptoms among the Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America Partners cohort and the effect of pouch-related symptoms on Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System measures. METHODS: We performed analyses nested in the Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America Partners cohort...
April 19, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426453/indications-for-mode-of-delivery-in-pregnant-women-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#9
Kristin E Burke, Miriam J Haviland, Michele R Hacker, Scott A Shainker, Adam S Cheifetz
BACKGROUND: Reasons for the increased incidence of cesarean delivery among women with inflammatory bowel disease remain unclear. We assessed cesarean delivery incidence and factors influencing mode of delivery in women with inflammatory bowel disease. METHODS: We performed a 10-year retrospective cohort study of nulliparous women who delivered a singleton infant at our institution. We compared the risk of each mode of delivery in women with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis with women without inflammatory bowel disease...
May 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426452/defining-the-most-appropriate-delivery-mode-in-women-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-systematic-review
#10
Arthur Foulon, Jean-Louis Dupas, Charles Sabbagh, Julien Chevreau, Lionel Rebibo, Franck Brazier, Guillaume Bouguen, Jean Gondry, Mathurin Fumery
INTRODUCTION: High cesarean section (CS) rates are observed in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but limited data are available to support this decision. We conducted a comprehensive review to evaluate the most appropriate mode of delivery in women with IBD according to disease phenotype and activity, as well as surgical history. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched MEDLINE (source PubMed) and international conference abstracts, and included all studies that evaluated digestive outcome after delivery in patients with IBD...
May 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426409/a-new-species-of-oochoristica-cyclophyllidea-linstowiidae-from-non-native-mediterranean-geckos-hemidactylus-turcicus-sauria-gekkonidae-from-texas-usa
#11
Chris T McAllister, Charles R Bursey
A new species of cyclophyllidean tapeworm, Oochoristica harschi sp. nov. is described from 2 of 18 (11%) non-native Mediterranean geckos (Hemidactylus turcicus) collected in June 2016 from Tom Green County, Texas, USA The new species has few characteristics in common with 17 species of Oochoristica previously described from Nearctic reptiles. Of this group, O. harschi is most similar to O. macallisteri Bursey and Goldberg, 1996 from the side-blotched lizard, Uta stansburiana from Arizona and California, USA, in number of testes, 14-20 vs...
June 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413310/females-with-externally-visible-but-stenosed-fecal-orifice-low-or-high-anorectal-malformation
#12
Pavai Arunachalam, Sudipta Sen, Cenita J Sam, B Meenalosani
We report four female children with externally visible but stenosed fecal orifice which proved to be a high anorectal malformation (Type IV pouch colon). They were managed by an abdominoperineal approach with excellent results. We emphasize the correct recognition of this pathology.
April 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413309/type-v-congenital-pouch-colon-an-extremely-rare-variant-of-anorectal-malformations
#13
J D Rawat, Sudhir Singh, Nitin Pant, Digamber Chaubey
Type V is the rarest form of congenital pouch colon with only four cases reported till date. We report this anomaly in a 6-month-old boy. He was managed successfully with excision of distal pouch and coloplasty of proximal pouch along with abdominoperineal posterior sagittal anorectoplasty. We recommend preservation of proximal pouch in such cases.
April 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413308/congenital-pouch-colon-with-rectal-atresia-revisited
#14
Praveen Mathur, Rahul Gupta, Pradeep Kumar Gupta
We are adding two cases of congenital pouch colon with rectal atresia (RA) to the already published five cases. The presentation of RA is often delayed owing to the presence of normal anus, however, clinical evaluation, plain abdominal radiograph, and urine examination for meconuria, may help in detecting this rare association early.
April 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413299/congenital-pouch-colon
#15
REVIEW
Rajiv Chadha, Niyaz Ahmed Khan
Congenital pouch colon (CPC) is an unusual abnormality in which a pouch-like dilatation of a shortened colon is associated with an anorectal malformation. It is categorized into four subtypes (Types I-IV) based on the length of normal colon proximal to the colonic pouch. In males, the pouch usually terminates in a colovesical fistula just proximal to the bladder neck. In girls, the terminal fistula opens either into the urethra or in the vestibule, close to the urethral opening. Girls usually have a double vagina with a wide inter-vaginal bridge, a monocornuate uterus on each side, and urinary incontinence due to a widely open bladder neck...
April 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411688/anti-inflammatory-and-membrane-stabilizing-properties-of-methyl-jasmonate-in-rats
#16
Solomon Umukoro, Akinyinka Oladipo Alabi, Anthony Taghogho Eduviere, Abayomi Mayowa Ajayi, Oluwafemi Gabriel Oluwole
The present investigation was carried out to evaluate anti-inflammatory and membrane stabilizing properties of methyl jasmonate (MJ) in experimental rat models of acute and chronic inflammation. The effects of MJ on acute inflammation were assessed using carrageenan-induced rat's paw edema model. The granuloma air pouch model was employed to evaluate the effects of MJ on chronic inflammation produced by carrageenan in rats. The number of white blood cells (WBC) in pouch exudates was estimated using light microscopy...
March 2017: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411100/w-pouch-with-modified-non-isolated-extra-limb-for-continence-in-cutaneous-diversion-after-radical-cystectomy
#17
Khaled M Abd Elwahab, Ahmed M Eliwa, Mohammed M Seleem, Maged M Ali, Islam M El-Babouly, Ahmed Ragab, Mohammed Naguib, Hamdy M Desouky, Esam A E Desoky, Mohammed Omran, Hussein M Kamel
OBJECTIVE: To report the functional results of continent cutaneous ileal urinary diversion using modified W-pouch with non-isolated extra limb for continence . PATIENTS & METHODS: From January 2013 to January 2016, 21 patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer with with median (interquartile range) of 59 (56.5-62.5) years old underwent radical cystectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy; they then had an ileal continent cutaneous pouch constructed from W-pouch with non-isolated extra limb for continence...
April 11, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410344/preoperative-clostridium-difficile-infection-does-not-affect-pouch-outcomes-in-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis-who-undergo-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis
#18
Amy L Lightner, Chung Sang Tse, Kevin Quinn, John R Bergquist, Felicity Enders, Richard Pendegraft, Sahil Khanna, Laura Raffals
BACKGROUND: The operation of choice for patients with chronic ulcerative colitis (CUC) is restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA). Pouchitis is the most common complication after IPAA. The incidence of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is higher in CUC patients than the general population and can lead to significant disease flares and higher rates of colectomy. We sought to determine the risk of pouchitis in patients with precolectomy CDI and 90-day postoperative IPAA complications...
April 13, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409048/laparoscopic-reduction-and-closure-of-an-internal-hernia-secondary-to-gynecologic-surgery
#19
Takashi Sakamoto, Alan Kawarai Lefor
Internal hernia is a rare cause of bowel obstruction which often requires emergent surgery. In general, the preoperative diagnosis of internal hernia is difficult. The pelvic cavity has various spaces with the potential to result in a hernia, especially in females. In this report, we describe a patient with an internal hernia secondary to previous gynecologic surgery. A 49-year-old woman presented with acute abdominal pain and a history of previous right oophorectomy for a benign ovarian cyst. Computed tomography scan of the abdomen showed obstruction with strangulation and emergent laparoscopic exploration was performed...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407439/flexible-li-co2-batteries-with-liquid-free-electrolyte
#20
Xiaofei Hu, Zifan Li, Jun Chen
Developing flexible Li-CO2 batteries is a promising approach to reuse CO2 and simultaneously supply energy to wearable electronics. However, all reported Li-CO2 batteries use liquid electrolyte and lack robust electrolyte/electrodes structure, not providing the safety and flexibility required. Herein we demonstrate flexible liquid-free Li-CO2 batteries based on poly(methacrylate)/poly(ethylene glycol)-LiClO4 -3 wt %SiO2 composite polymer electrolyte (CPE) and multiwall carbon nanotubes (CNTs) cathodes. The CPE (7...
April 13, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
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