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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080215/laparoscopy-assisted-duhamel-z-anastomosis-for-total-colonic-aganglionosis-outcome-assessed-by-fecal-continence-evaluation
#1
Go Miyano, Hiroki Nakamura, Shogo Seo, Ryo Sueyoshi, Manabu Okawada, Takashi Doi, Hiroyuki Koga, Geoffrey J Lane, Tadaharu Okazaki, Atsuyuki Yamataka
BACKGROUND: A Z-shaped colorectal side-to-side anastomosis was introduced to improve the Duhamel procedure by eliminating the rectal blind pouch. We retrospectively reviewed all total colonic aganglionosis patients treated by laparoscopy-assisted Duhamel-Z (LapDZ) between 2009 and 2014 focusing on annual fecal continence evaluation scores (CES) as an indicator of outcome. METHODS: LapDZ was performed conventionally. Postoperatively, defecation was regulated with medications and enemas according to our standard protocol...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080070/solution-synthesis-of-iodine-doped-red-phosphorus-nanoparticles-for-lithium-ion-battery-anodes
#2
Wei-Chung Chang, Kuan-Wei Tseng, Hsing-Yu Tuan
Red Phosphorus (RP) is a promising anode material for lithium-ion battery due to its earth abundance and a high theoretical capacity of 2596 mA h g-1. Although RP-based anodes for lithium-ion batteries have been reported, they were all in the form of carbon/P composites, including P-graphene, P-graphite, P-CNTs and P-carbon black, in order to improve P's extremely low conductivity and large volume change during cycling process. Here we report the large-scale synthesis of red phosphorus nanoparticles (RPNPs) with sizes ranging from 100 to 200 nm by reacting PI3 with ethylene glycol in the presence of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) in ambient environment...
January 12, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078841/differential-expression-and-distribution-of-cytokeratins-and-vimentin-in-buccal-pouch-mucosal-cells-during-real-time-cell-proliferation-research-based-on-a-porcine-model
#3
A Bryja, M Dyszkiewicz-Konwińska, A Chachuła, S Ciesiółka, W Kranc, D Bukowska, P Antosik, M Bruska, M Nowicki, M Zabel, B Kempisty
In recent years, buccal pouch oral mucosa cells were used as a source of potential biological grafting material in advanced tissue engineering. However, there are several limitations in the process of graft fabrication: donor and recipient patient availability as well as an incomplete knowledge of in vitro procedures related to tissue surgical recovery, in vitro cell culture (IVC) and/or tissue processing in “human somatic cell therapy.” Therefore, the animal model for oral mucosa grafting is still recognized as a source for xenografts and a useful model for biomedical research...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076877/ultrasound-imaging-for-ovarian-and-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis
#4
Caterina Exacoustos, Errico Zupi, Emilio Piccione
The main challenges of imaging for endometriosis are the detection of nonovarian disease and the evaluation of the extension of the disease into pelvic structures. Transvaginal ultrasonography (TVS) has been proposed as the first-line imaging technique because it allows extensive exploration of the pelvis. The "typical" endometrioma is a unilocular cyst with homogeneous low-level echogenicity (ground glass echogenicity) of the cyst fluid. The use of color Doppler helps avoid classifying malignancies as endometriomas, defining the presence of vascular flow in papillations...
January 11, 2017: Seminars in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073916/ceramide-cd300f-binding-inhibits-lipopolysaccharide-induced-skin-inflammation
#5
Emiko Shiba, Kumi Izawa, Ayako Kaitani, Masamichi Isobe, Akie Maehara, Koichiro Uchida, Keiko Maeda, Nobuhiro Nakano, Hideoki Ogawa, Ko Okumura, Toshio Kitamura, Toshiaki Shimizu, Jiro Kitaura
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) triggers inflammatory responses; however, the negative regulation of LPS responses in vivo remains poorly understood. CD300f is an inhibitory receptor among the CD300 family of paired activating and inhibitory receptors. We have previously identified ceramide as a ligand for CD300f and shown that the binding of ceramide to CD300f inhibits IgE-mediated mast cell activation and allergic responses in mouse models. Here we identify the critical role of CD300f in inhibiting LPS-induced skin inflammation...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065717/muscle-complex-saving-posterior-sagittal-anorectoplasty
#6
Maher Zaiem, Feras Zaiem
INTRODUCTION: Posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) published by DeVries and Peña in 1982 had become the preferred surgical technique for the management of anorectal malformations (ARM). The original technique is based upon complete exposure of the anorectal region by means of a median sagittal incision that runs from the sacrum to the anal dimple, cutting through all muscle structures behind the rectum by dividing the levator muscle and the muscle complex. Then, the rectum is located in front of the levator and within the limits of the muscle complex...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065625/decreased-bacterial-adherence-biofilm-formation-and-tissue-reactivity-of-barbed-monofilament-suture-in-an-in%C3%A2-vivo-contaminated-wound-model
#7
Michael R Morris, Christopher Bergum, Nancy Jackson, David C Markel
BACKGROUND: Monofilament and barbed monofilament sutures have been shown in in vitro models to have less bacterial adherence than braided suture. This study evaluates bacterial adherence to suture materials and tissue reactivity with an in vivo contaminated wound mouse model. METHODS: Staphylococcus aureus was used to create an in vivo contaminated wound model at 2 amounts (10(6) colony-forming units [CFU] and 10(8) CFU) using a mouse air pouch. Three types of commonly used absorbable suture were evaluated: braided, monofilament, and barbed monofilament...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062492/poliovirus-receptor-related-2-a-cholesterol-responsive-gene-affecting-atherosclerosis-development-by-modulating-leukocyte-migration
#8
Aránzazu Rossignoli, Ming-Mei Shang, Hanna Gladh, Christine Moessinger, Hassan Foroughi Asl, Husain Ahammad Talukdar, Oscar Franzén, Steffen Mueller, Johan L M Björkegren, Erika Folestad, Josefin Skogsberg
OBJECTIVE: Recently, poliovirus receptor-related 2 (Pvrl2) emerged as a top gene in a global gene expression study aiming to detect plasma cholesterol-responsive genes causally related to atherosclerosis regression in hypercholesterolemic mice. PVRL2 is an adherens junction protein implied to play a role in transendothelial migration of leukocytes, a key feature in atherosclerosis development. In this study, we investigated the effect of Pvrl2 deficiency on atherosclerosis development and transendothelial migration of leukocytes activity...
January 5, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060441/successful-treatment-of-donor-derived-hepatitis-c-infection-in-a-lung-transplant-recipient
#9
Nicole Theodoropoulos, Bryan A Whitson, Stanley I Martin, Stephanie Pouch, Amy Pope-Harman
Data are limited regarding the use of direct-acting antivirals for treatment of hepatitis C infection post lung transplant, especially in a donor-derived infection. We present a case of a lung transplant recipient with donor-derived hepatitis C that was successfully treated with a 12-week regimen of simeprevir and sofosbuvir. This case reiterates the importance of screening recipients of increased-risk donor organs for disease transmission and the value of early therapy. This article is protected by copyright...
January 6, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059922/laparoscopic-detorsion-of-an-ileal-pouch-and-pouch-pexy
#10
Justin T Brady, Scott R Steele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058008/laparoscopic-liver-resection-for-posterosuperior-tumors-using-caudal-approach-and-postural-changes-a-new-technical-approach
#11
EDITORIAL
Zenichi Morise
Laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) for tumors in the posterosuperior liver [segment (S) 7 and deep S6] is a challenging clinical procedure. This area is located in the bottom of the small subphrenic space (rib cage), with the large and heavy right liver on it when the patient is in the supine position. Thus, LLR of this area is technically demanding because of the handling of the right liver which is necessary to obtain a fine surgical view, secure hemostasis and conduct the resection so as to achieve an appropriate surgical margin in the cage...
December 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057997/male-urethral-diverticulum-uncommon-entity-our-experience
#12
Naveen Thakur, Vilas Pandurang Sabale, Deepak Mane, Abhirudra Mullay
Out pouching of the urethral wall could be congenital or acquired. Male urethral diverticulum (UD) is a rare entity. We present 2 cases of acquired and 1 case of congenital male UD. Case 1A: 40 year male presented with SPC and dribbling urine. Clinically he had hard perineal swelling. RGU revealed large diverticulum in proximal bulbar, irregular narrow distal urethra and stricture just beyond diverticulum. Managed with perineal exploration, stone removal, diverticulum repair and urethroplasty using excess diverticular wall...
October 2016: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057993/-spiral-cap-ileocystoplasty-for-bladder-augmentation-and-ureteric-reimplant
#13
S Ajit Sawant, Ashwin Sunil Tamhankar, Vikash Kumar, W Pawar Prakash, V Kasat Gaurav, Sumit Bansal
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the new technique of Spiral-cap ileocystoplasty for bladder augmentation and simultaneous ureteric reimplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven patients with small capacity bladder and simultaneous lower ureteric involvement operated in single tertiary care institute over the last 5 years were included in this study. Spiral-cap ileocystoplasty was used in all the patients for bladder augmentation. Proximal part of the same ileal loop was used in isoperistaltic manner for ureteric reimplantation...
October 2016: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054560/metal-free-supercapacitor-with-aqueous-electrolyte-and-low-cost-carbon-materials
#14
Nicklas Blomquist, Thomas Wells, Britta Andres, Joakim Bäckström, Sven Forsberg, Håkan Olin
Electric double-layer capacitors (EDLCs) or supercapacitors (SCs) are fast energy storage devices with high pulse efficiency and superior cyclability, which makes them useful in various applications including electronics, vehicles and grids. Aqueous SCs are considered to be more environmentally friendly than those based on organic electrolytes. Because of the corrosive nature of the aqueous environment, however, expensive electrochemically stable materials are needed for the current collectors and electrodes in aqueous SCs...
January 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052415/arthroscopic-approach-and-intra-articular-anatomy-of-the-dorsal-and-plantar-synovial-compartments-of-the-bovine-tarsocrural-joint
#15
Hélène Lardé, Sylvain Nichols, Marie Babkine, André Desrochers
OBJECTIVE: To determine arthroscopic approaches to the dorsal and plantar synovial compartments of the tarsocrural joint in adult cattle, and to describe the arthroscopic intra-articular anatomy from each approach. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo study. ANIMALS: Fresh adult bovine cadavers (n = 7). METHODS: Two tarsocrural joint were injected with latex to determine arthroscopic portal locations and arthroscopy of the tarsocrural joint of 12 tarsi was performed...
January 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045956/recombinase-polymerase-amplification-assay-a-simple-fast-and-cost-effective-alternative-to-real-time-pcr-for-specific-detection-of-feline-herpesvirus-1
#16
Jianchang Wang, Libing Liu, Jinfeng Wang, Xiaoxia Sun, Wanzhe Yuan
Feline herpesvirus 1 (FHV-1), an enveloped dsDNA virus, is one of the major pathogens of feline upper respiratory tract disease (URTD) and ocular disease. Currently, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) remains the gold standard diagnostic tool for FHV-1 infection but is relatively expensive, requires well-equipped laboratories and is not suitable for field tests. Recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA), an isothermal gene amplification technology, has been explored for the molecular diagnosis of infectious diseases...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045550/splenic-autotransplantation-is-always-valid-after-splenectomy
#17
Isidoro Di Carlo, Adriana Toro
When splenectomy is performed, autotransplantation is the only method to preserve splenic function. The most frequently used technique for splenic autotransplantation in humans is the implantation of multiple sections of the splenic parenchyma into pouches created in the greater omentum. However, this technique of autotransplantation is associated with complications. For this reason, a technique in which only one 35-g slice of spleen is transplanted into the greater omentum but positioned within the native hypochondrium can be considered safe and useful for patients...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035458/modified-martius-flap-procedure-for-refractory-ileal-pouch-vestibular-fistula-a-report-of-three-cases
#18
Toshimitsu Araki, Yoshiki Okita, Mikio Kawamura, Satoru Kondo, Yuji Toiyama, Junichiro Hiro, Shigeyuki Yoshiyama, Keiichi Uchida, Masato Kusunoki
PURPOSE: Pouch-vaginal or vestibular fistula is an uncommon, but devastating complication that occurs in women after ileal J pouch-anal anastomosis. The management of these fistulae is challenging, and it is associated with high recurrence and pouch loss rates. This report describes the use of the modified Martius flap procedure for three patients with ulcerative colitis who developed refractory pouch-vestibular fistulae. RESULTS: Three patients with ulcerative colitis, who underwent total colectomy, mucosal proctectomy, and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis, developed pouch-vestibular fistulae...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032574/a-novel-technique-of-inserting-pancreaticogastrostomy-with-duct-to-mucosa-anastomosis-can-potentially-reduce-postoperative-pancreatic-fistula
#19
Cai-de Lu, Jing Huang, Yong-Fei Hua, Ammar Asrar Javed, Jin He, Sheng-Dong Wu, Wei-Ming Yu, Chang-Jiang Lu
BACKGROUND: We describe our novel technique of inserting pancreaticogastrostomy (IPG) after pancreaticoduodenectomy. In our technique, the seromuscular and mucosal layers of the posterior gastric wall are separated to create a mucosal pouch. A duct-to-mucosa anastomosis is performed through a small incision in the mucosal layer. An inner suture at the seromuscular-mucosal margin incorporating the pancreatic parenchyma and an outer suture on the exterior margin of the seromuscular layer to wrap the pouch around the pancreas are placed to complete the IPG...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031718/j-pouch-versus-roux-en-y-reconstruction-after-gastrectomy-functional-assessment-and-quality-of-life-randomized-trial
#20
Pavel Zonča, Tomáš Malý, Peter Ihnát, Matus Peteja, Otakar Kraft, Kamil Kuca
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of life and functional emptying of J-pouch versus Roux-en-Y reconstruction after total gastrectomy for malignancy. METHODS: This study was designed as a prospective, nonblinded, randomized, parallel clinical trial (Trial Number: MN Ostrava, 200604). With informed consent, patients undergoing gastrectomy for malignancy were randomized to J-pouch or Roux-en-Y reconstruction. The time taken for a test semisolid meal labeled with (99m)Tc-sulfur colloid to exit the reconstructed parts was measured by dynamic scintigraphy 1 year after resection...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
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