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M J Abenza Abildúa, A Miralles Martinez, F J Arpa Gutiérrez, V Lores Gutiérrez, C Algarra Lucas, C Jimeno Montero, B Sánchez García, M Mata Álvarez-Santullano, C Borrue Fernández, G Cordero Martín, G Gutiérrez Cueto, M D Torrecillas Narváez, I Thuissard Vasallo, A Gómez Aceña
INTRODUCTION: REM sleep behaviour disorder (RBD) is characterised by violent behaviours (screaming, kicking, vivid dreams) during REM sleep. It has a prevalence of 1% to 2% of the general population and is especially frequent in men and the population older than 60. In the last decade, RBD has been suggested to be a prodrome of neurodegenerative disease. We analysed associated neurological diseases and responses to drug treatment in 33 patients with RBD treated in the multidisciplinary sleep disorders unit at Hospital Infanta Sofía...
February 16, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
An De Groef, Marijke Van Kampen, Nele Verlvoesem, Evi Dieltjens, Lore Vos, Tessa De Vrieze, Marie-Rose Christiaens, Patrick Neven, Inge Geraerts, Nele Devoogdt
PURPOSE: Besides pain, myofascial dysfunctions may contribute to the presence of upper limb impairments such as impaired range of motion, decreased strength, lymphedema, and altered postures and kinematics. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of myofascial therapy in addition to a standard physical therapy program for treatment of upper limb dysfunctions in breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Fifty women treated for a unilateral breast cancer with pain and myofascial dysfunctions at the upper limb region...
February 14, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Supriya S Kallianpur, Rohit A Gokarn, N Rajashekhar
Proper identification of drugs and their use in proper doses are important for successful treatment. Physalis minima Linn commonly known as country gooseberry has anti-cancerous, anti-diabetic, analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory potentials. The present paper is aimed to ascertain the proper identity of Ṭaṅkārī (Physalis minima Linn.) in Ayurvedic classics by a meticulous search and hence a review of the drug Ṭaṅkārī (Physalis minima Linn) was carried out in the texts of Ayurveda, modern literature, journals and online publications...
July 2016: Ancient Science of Life
Thomas von Lengerke, Bettina Lutze, Christian Krauth, Karin Lange, Jona Theodor Stahmeyer, Iris Freya Chaberny
BACKGROUND: The German "Clean Hands Campaign" (an adaptation of the WHO "Clean Care is Safer Care" programme) to promote hand hygiene among hospital personnel at Hannover Medical School (MHH, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover), known as Aktion Saubere Hände (ASH), met with initial success. By 2013, however, compliance rates with hygienic hand disinfection in the hospital's ten intensive care units (ICUs) and two hematopoietic stem cell transplantation units (HSCTUs) had relapsed to their initial levels (physicians: 48%; nurses: 56%)...
January 20, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
T Lores, C Goess, C Hrycek, R Grafton, J Hughes, L Cronin, A Mikocka-Walus, A Chur-Hansen, A L Burke, K L Collins, J M Andrews
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
T Lores, C Goess, C Hrycek, R Grafton, J Hughes, L Cronin, A Mikocka-Walus, A Chur-Hansen, A L Burke, K L Collins, J M Andrews
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
Stephanie L Budge, Lore M Dickey
This article addresses the challenges that clinicians face in writing letters of support for transgender and gender-diverse clients. It addresses common but challenging clinical representations to help the reader understand the nuances associated with writing letters. Three cases are presented. The first addresses systemic challenges, the second addresses management of care, and the third addresses co-occurring mental health concerns. Recommendations for practice are provided based on the experiences included within the 3 case examples...
March 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
Lore M Dickey, Anneliese A Singh, Daniel Walinsky
This article explores the presence of trauma and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSI) in transgender people. We explore the prevalence of trauma and NSI in transgender people, the ways in which these clinical concerns manifest across the lifespan, and special considerations for assessment and treatment. The article concludes by describing the importance of developing a strong rapport with clients and the concept of reasonably well-controlled cooccurring mental health concerns.
March 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
Lore M Dickey, Anneliese A Singh
This article explores the role of mental health providers and advocacy for transgender people. It begins with a history of the mental health provider's relationship with transgender and gender-diverse people. The article explores the ways that major mental health professional organizations have called for providers to serve in advocacy roles. The article ends with recommendations about how to serve in an advocacy role.
March 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
Sarah Jeurissen, Glenn Vergauwen, Jan Van Deun, Lore Lapeire, Victoria Depoorter, Ilkka Miinalainen, Raija Sormunen, Rudy Van den Broecke, Geert Braems, Véronique Cocquyt, Hannelore Denys, An Hendrix
Breast cancer cells closely interact with different cell types of the surrounding adipose tissue to favor invasive growth and metastasis. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are nanometer-sized vesicles secreted by different cell types that shuttle proteins and nucleic acids to establish cell-cell communication. To study the role of EVs released by cancer-associated adipose tissue in breast cancer progression and metastasis a standardized EV isolation protocol that obtains pure EVs and maintains their functional characteristics is required...
February 1, 2017: Cell Adhesion & Migration
Maria Vono, Ang Lin, Anna Norrby-Teglund, Richard A Koup, Frank Liang, Karin Loré
Neutrophils are critical cells of the innate immune system and rapidly respond to tissue injury and infection. Increasing evidence also indicates that neutrophils have versatile functions in contributing to adaptive immunity by internalizing and transporting antigen and influencing antigen-specific responses. Here we demonstrate that freshly isolated human neutrophils can function as antigen presenting cells to memory CD4(+) T cells. Neutrophils pulsed with the cognate antigens CMV pp65 or influenza hemagglutinin were able to present the antigens to autologous antigen-specific CD4(+) T cells in an MHC class II (HLA-DR)-dependent manner...
January 31, 2017: Blood
Michael J Boland, Kristopher L Nazor, Ha T Tran, Attila Szücs, Candace L Lynch, Ryder Paredes, Flora Tassone, Pietro Paolo Sanna, Randi J Hagerman, Jeanne F Loring
New research suggests that common pathways are altered in many neurodevelopmental disorders including autism spectrum disorder; however, little is known about early molecular events that contribute to the pathology of these diseases. The study of monogenic, neurodevelopmental disorders with a high incidence of autistic behaviours, such as fragile X syndrome, has the potential to identify genes and pathways that are dysregulated in autism spectrum disorder as well as fragile X syndrome. In vitro generation of human disease-relevant cell types provides the ability to investigate aspects of disease that are impossible to study in patients or animal models...
January 29, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Ruth Bartlett, Lore Windemuth-Wolfson, Keith Oliver, Tom Dening
In this editorial, we challenge the current understanding of "Living Well with Dementia." Such discourse introduces the possibility of not living well with the condition or even of "living badly with dementia." Numerous words might be relevant here - grief, pain, anguish, depression - but in this editorial we consciously use the word "suffering." This term is used for two reasons; one, because it captures the attributes of other more limited words, and, two because the language of "suffering" is contentious, making it suitable for debate...
February 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
Oliver Rubel, Burlen Loring, Jean-Luc Vay, David P Grote, Remi Lehe, Stepan Bulanov, Henri Vincenti, E Wes Bethel
The generation of short pulses of ion beams through the interaction of an intense laser with a plasma sheath offers the possibility of compact and cheaper ion sources for many applications--from fast ignition and radiography of dense targets to hadron therapy and injection into conventional accelerators. To enable the efficient analysis of large-scale, high-fidelity particle accelerator simulations using the Warp simulation suite, the authors introduce the Warp In situ Visualization Toolkit (WarpIV). WarpIV integrates state-of-the-art in situ visualization and analysis using VisIt with Warp, supports management and control of complex in situ visualization and analysis workflows, and implements integrated analytics to facilitate query- and feature-based data analytics and efficient large-scale data analysis...
May 2016: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
Lore M Dickey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: American Journal of Public Health
Jesse Adams, Valerie Alipio-Jocson, Katherine Inoyama, Victoria Bartlett, Saira Sandhu, Jemima Oso, John J Barry, David W Loring, Kimford Meador
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential efficacy of immediate-release methylphenidate (MPH) for treating cognitive deficits in epilepsy. METHODS: This was a double-blind, randomized, single-dose, 3-period crossover study in patients with epilepsy and chronic cognitive complaints comparing the effects of placebo and MPH 10 and 20 mg given 1 week apart. Cognitive outcome was evaluated on the basis of an omnibus z score calculated from performance on the Conners Continuous Performance Test 3 (ability to discriminate between target and nontarget stimuli [d'] and hit reaction time standard deviation), Symbol-Digit Modalities Test, and Medical College of Georgia Paragraph Memory Test...
January 31, 2017: Neurology
Olle Pahlm, Cees A Swenne, Sumche Man, Yama Fakhri, Brett D Atwater, Ljuba Bacharova, Lia Bang, Yochai Birnbaum, Esben Carlsson, Peter Clemmensen, Henrik Engblom, Leonard S Gettes, Peer Grande, Nina Hakacova, Lene Holmvang, Birgit Jurlander, Zak Loring, Ulrika Pahlm, Jonas Pettersson, Michael Ringborn, Niels Risum, Maria Sejersten-Ripa, Leif Sörnmo, David G Strauss, Robbert Zusterzeel, Stafford G Warren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
Carmel M O'Brien, Hun S Chy, Qi Zhou, Shiri Blumenfeld, Jack W Lambshead, Xiaodong Liu, Joshua Kie, Bianca D Capaldo, Tung-Liang Chung, Timothy E Adams, Tram Phan, John D Bentley, William J McKinstry, Karen Oliva, Paul J McMurrick, Yu-Chieh Wang, Fernando J Rossello, Geoffrey J Lindeman, Di Chen, Thierry Jarde, Amander T Clark, Helen E Abud, Jane E Visvader, Christian M Nefzger, Jose M Polo, Jeanne F Loring, Andrew L Laslett
The study and application of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) will be enhanced by the availability of well-characterized monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) detecting cell-surface epitopes. Here, we report generation of seven new mAbs that detect cell surface proteins present on live and fixed human ES cells (hESCs) and human iPS cells (hiPSCs), confirming our previous prediction that these proteins were present on the cell surface of hPSCs. The mAbs all show a high correlation with POU5F1 (OCT4) expression and other hPSC surface markers (TRA-160 and SSEA-4) in hPSC cultures and detect rare OCT4 positive cells in differentiated cell cultures...
December 23, 2016: Stem Cells
Lore Schrutka, Klaus Distelmaier, Philipp Hohensinner, Patrick Sulzgruber, Irene M Lang, Gerald Maurer, Johann Wojta, Martin Hülsmann, Alexander Niessner, Lorenz Koller
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress is mechanistically linked to the pathogenesis of chronic heart failure (CHF). Antioxidative functions of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles have been found impaired in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy; however, the impact of antioxidative HDL capacities on clinical outcome in CHF patients is unknown. We therefore investigated the predictive value of antioxidative HDL function on mortality in a representative cohort of patients with CHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively enrolled 320 consecutive patients admitted to our outpatient department for heart failure and determined antioxidative HDL function using the HDL oxidative index (HOI)...
December 21, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Lore Pil, Isabelle Hoorens, Katrien Vossaert, Vibeke Kruse, Isabelle Tromme, Niko Speybroeck, Lieven Annemans, Lieve Brochez
Importance: Several epidemiological studies show an alarming global increase in incidence of melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancer. Objectives: To examine the cost-effectiveness of 2 population-based skin cancer screening methods and to assess their budget effect and the influence on skin cancer epidemiological findings. Design, Setting, and Participants: A Markov model with a latent period of 20 years and a time horizon of 50 years was used to analyze the cost-effectiveness (societal perspective) and budget effect (public health care payer perspective) of 2 population-based skin cancer screening programs in Belgium compared with the absence of a screening program...
December 14, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
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