keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

review article

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545159/the-value-transformation-of-health-care-impact-on-neuromuscular-and-electrodiagnostic-medicine
#1
Pushpa Narayanaswami, Millie Suk, Lyell K Jones
INTRODUCTION: Beginning in 2017, most physicians who participate in Medicare are subject to the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA), the milestone legislation that signals the US health care system's transition from volume-based to value-based care. METHODS: Review of emerging trends in development of value-based healthcare systems in the US. RESULTS: MACRA and the resulting Quality Payment Program (QPP) create two participation pathways, the Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) and the Advanced Alternative Payment Model (AAPM) pathway...
May 25, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545073/the-clinical-efficacy-and-safety-evaluation-of-ticagrelor-for-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-general-acs-patients-and-diabetic-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Qiutong Tan, Xin Jiang, Sichao Huang, Tiantian Zhang, Lin Chen, Siwen Xie, Enpan Mo, Jun Xu, Shaohui Cai
OBJECTIVE: In this study, a systematic evaluation was conducted to estimate the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor for treating acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in general ACS patients and a diabetes mellitus (DM) group. METHODS: A search of PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, CNKI databases was conducted to analyze relevant randomized controlled trails (RCTs) of ticagrelor treating ACS during 2007 to 2015. Article screening, quality accessing and data extracting was independently undertaken by two reviewers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544996/temperate-bacteriophages-as-regulators-of-host-behavior
#3
REVIEW
Tal Argov, Gil Azulay, Anna Pasechnek, Olga Stadnyuk, Shai Ran-Sapir, Ilya Borovok, Nadejda Sigal, Anat A Herskovits
Bacteriophages are ubiquitous and affect most facets of life, from evolution of bacteria, through ecology and global biochemical cycling to human health. The interactions between phages and bacteria often lead to biological novelty and an important milestone in this process is the ability of phages to regulate their host's behavior. In this review article, we will focus on newly reported cases that demonstrate how temperate phages regulate bacterial gene expression and behavior in a variety of bacterial species, pathogenic and environmental...
May 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544858/effects-of-resistance-training-on-performance-in-previously-trained-endurance-runners-a-systematic-review
#4
Manuel Alcaraz-Ibañez, Manuel Rodríguez-Pérez
The aim of this work was to identify, synthesize and evaluate the results of randomized controlled trials examining the effects of resistance training on performance indicators in previously trained endurance runners. A database search was carried out in PubMed, Science Direct, OvidSPMedLine, Wiley, Web of Science, ProQuest and Google Scholar. In accordance with the PRISMA checklist, 18 published articles dated prior to May 2016 involving 321 endurance runners were reviewed using the PEDro scale. Resistance training led to general improvements in muscular strength, running economy, muscle power factors, and direct performance in distances between 1,500 and 10,000 m...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544810/the-best-models-of-metabolism
#5
REVIEW
Eberhard O Voit
Biochemical systems are among of the oldest application areas of mathematical modeling. Spanning a time period of over one hundred years, the repertoire of options for structuring a model and for formulating reactions has been constantly growing, and yet, it is still unclear whether or to what degree some models are better than others and how the modeler is to choose among them. In fact, the variety of options has become overwhelming and difficult to maneuver for novices and experts alike. This review outlines the metabolic model design process and discusses the numerous choices for modeling frameworks and mathematical representations...
May 19, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Systems Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544801/nanotherapeutic-systems-for-local-treatment-of-brain-tumors
#6
REVIEW
Rami Walid Chakroun, Pengcheng Zhang, Ran Lin, Paula Schiapparelli, Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa, Honggang Cui
Malignant brain tumor, including the most common type glioblastoma, are histologically heterogeneous and invasive tumors known as the most devastating neoplasms with high morbidity and mortality. Despite multimodal treatment including surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy, the disease inevitably recurs and is fatal. This lack of curative options has motivated researchers to explore new treatment strategies and to develop new drug delivery systems (DDSs); however, the unique anatomical, physiological, and pathological features of brain tumors greatly limit the effectiveness of conventional chemotherapy...
May 24, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Nanomedicine and Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544780/spinal-metastatic-disease-a-review-of-the-role-of-the-multidisciplinary-team
#7
REVIEW
Mark Curtin, Robert P Piggott, Evelyn P Murphy, Sudarshan Munigangaiah, Joseph F Baker, John P McCabe, Aiden Devitt
Historically, a simple approach centered on palliation was applicable to the majority of patients with metastatic spinal disease. With advances in diagnosis and treatment, a more complicated algorithm has devolved requiring a multidisciplinary approach with institutional commitment and support. We performed a database review including pertinent articles exploring the multidisciplinary management of spinal metastatic disease. The wide variation in clinical presentation and tumor response to treatment necessitates a multidisciplinary approach that integrates the diagnosis and treatment of the cancer, symptom management, and rehabilitation for optimal care of patients with spinal metastases...
May 24, 2017: Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544770/review-article-screening-genetics-risk-factors-and-treatment-of-neonatal-cataracts
#8
REVIEW
Jinyu Li, Chun-Hong Xia, Eddie Wang, Ke Yao, Xiaohua Gong
Neonatal cataracts remain the most common cause of visual loss in children worldwide and have diverse, often unknown, etiologies. This review summarizes current knowledge about the detection, treatment, genetics, risk factors, and molecular mechanisms of congenital cataracts. We emphasize significant progress and topics requiring further study in both clinical cataract therapy and basic lens research. Advances in genetic screening and surgical technologies have improved the diagnosis, management, and visual outcomes of affected children...
May 22, 2017: Birth Defects Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544593/performance-of-anti-nuclear-antibodies-for-classifying-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-regression-of-diagnostic-data
#9
Nicolai Leuchten, Annika Hoyer, Ralph Brinks, Monika Schoels, Matthias Schneider, Josef Smolen, Sindhu R Johnson, David Daikh, Thomas Dörner, Martin Aringer, George Bertsias
OBJECTIVE: To review the published literature on the performance of indirect immunofluorescence (IIF)-HEp-2 ANA testing for classification of SLE. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in the MEDLINE, EMBASE and COCHRANE databases for articles published between January 1990 and October 2015. The research question was structured according to PICO (Population, Intervention, Comparator, Outcome) format rules, and PRISMA recommendations were followed where appropriate...
May 23, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544572/inositol-treatment-of-anovulation-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-trials
#10
Jyotsna Pundir, Dimitrios Psaroudakis, Prakash Savnur, Priya Bhide, Luca Sabatini, Helena Teede, Arri Coomarasamy, Shakila Thangaratinam
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome is a common cause of anovulation and infertility, and a risk factor for development of metabolic syndrome and endometrial cancer. OBJECTIVES: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials that evaluated the effects of inositol as an ovulation-induction agent. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane and ISI conference proceedings, Register and Meta-register for RCTs and WHO trials' search portal...
May 24, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544550/post-laryngectomy-stricture-and-pharyngocutaneous-fistula-review-of-techniques-in-primary-pharyngeal-reconstruction-in-laryngectomy
#11
Benjamin Walton, Julian Vellucci, Palak Patel, Kristofer Jennings, Susan McCammon, Michael P Underbrink
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to find a correlation between closure technique in pharyngeal closure and outcomes of both pharyngocutaneous fistula and post-laryngectomy stricture after laryngectomy. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective Chart Review. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a total of 151 patients over a 20 year period from January 1994 to December of 2013 who underwent primary pharyngeal reconstruction after total laryngectomy specifically looking at the closure technique in relation to pharyngo-cutaneous fistula (PCF) and post-laryngectomy stricture post-operatively...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544521/oral-nucleic-acid-therapy-using-multicompartmental-delivery-systems
#12
REVIEW
Husain Attarwala, Murui Han, Jonghan Kim, Mansoor Amiji
Nucleic acid-based therapeutics has the potential for treating numerous diseases by correcting abnormal expression of specific genes. Lack of safe and efficacious delivery strategies poses a major obstacle limiting clinical advancement of nucleic acid therapeutics. Oral route of drug administration has greater delivery challenges, because the administered genes or oligonucleotides have to bypass degrading environment of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract in addition to overcoming other cellular barriers preventing nucleic acid delivery...
May 24, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Nanomedicine and Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544519/the-effect-of-helium-oxygen-assisted-mechanical-ventilation-on-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-exacerbation-a-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Xu Wu, Chuan Shao, Liang Zhang, Jinjing Tu, Hui Xu, Zhihui Lin, Shuguang Xu, Biyun Yu, Yaodong Tang, Shanqun Li
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is often accompanied by acute exacerbations. Patients of COPD exacerbation suffering from respiratory failure often need the support of mechanical ventilation. Helium-oxygen can be used to reduce airway resistance during mechanical ventilation. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of helium-oxygen-assisted mechanical ventilation on COPD exacerbation through a meta-analysis. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search through databases of Pub Med (1966∼2016), Ovid MEDLINE (1965∼2016), Cochrane EBM (1991∼2016), EMBASE (1974∼2016) and Ovid MEDLINE was performed to identify associated studies...
May 24, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544514/dynamic-enhancer-function-in-the-chromatin-context
#14
REVIEW
Ido Goldstein, Gordon L Hager
Enhancers serve as critical regulatory elements in higher eukaryotic cells. The characterization of enhancer function has evolved primarily from genome-wide methodologies, including chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP-seq), DNase-I hypersensitivity (DNase-seq), digital genomic footprinting (DGF), and the chromosome conformation capture techniques (3C, 4C, and Hi-C). These population-based assays average signals across millions of cells and lead to enhancer models characterized by static and sequential binding...
May 22, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Systems Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544500/non-communicable-diseases-and-hiv-care-and-treatment-models-of-integrated-service-delivery
#15
REVIEW
Malia Duffy, Bisola Ojikutu, Soa Andrian, Elaine Sohng, Thomas Minior, Lisa R Hirschhorn
OBJECTIVES: Non-communicable diseases (NCD) are a growing cause of morbidity in low-income countries including in people living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Integration of NCD and HIV services can build upon experience with chronic care models from HIV programs. We describe models of NCD and HIV integration, challenges, and lessons learned. METHODS: Literature review of articles on integrated NCD and HIV programs in low-income countries and key informant interviews with leaders of identified integrated NCD and HIV programs...
May 24, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544474/breast-cancer-and-transplantation
#16
Germaine Wong, Eric Au, Sunil V Badve, Wai H Lim
Breast cancer is an important cancer among solid organ transplant recipients. While the incidence of breast cancer in solid organ transplant recipients is comparable to the age matched general population, the outcomes are generally poor. Interventions such as cancer screening which preclude the development of late stage disease through early detection are not well-studied, and clinical practice guidelines for cancer screening rely solely on recommendations from the general population. Among those with a prior breast cancer history, disease recurrence after transplantation is a rare but fearful event...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544458/the-prevalence-of-asthma-and-related-symptoms-in-middle-east-countries
#17
REVIEW
Azam Alavinezhad, Mohammad Hossein Boskabady
OBJECTIVES: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory airway disease characterized by reversible airway constriction and airway hyperresponsiveness. Asthma is a worldwide problem and its prevalence varies among different parts of the world. There are insufficient data about the prevalence and risk factors of this disease in Middle East countries. DATA SOURCE: The objective of this review article was to determine the prevalence of asthma in Middle East countries by searching EMBASE, Medline, Web of Science and Google Scholar for articles about asthma prevalence in children and adults in this region...
May 24, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544435/solid-renal-masses-in-transplanted-allograft-kidneys-a-closer-look-at-the-epidemiology-and-management
#18
John J Griffith, Katherine A Amin, Nikhil Waingankar, Susan M Lerner, Veronica Delaney, Scott A Ames, Ketan Badani, Michael A Palese, Reza Mehrazin
The objective of this review is to explore the available literature on solid renal masses (SRM) in transplant allograft kidneys to better understand the epidemiology and management of these tumors. A literature review using PubMed was performed according to the PRISMA methodology. Fifty-six relevant studies were identified from 1988-2015. A total of 174 SRMs in 163 patients, were identified with a mean tumor size of 2.75 cm (0.5-9.0cm). Tumor histology was available in 164 (94.3%) tumors: clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC) (45...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544422/assessment-of-clinically-relevant-bleeding-as-a-surrogate-outcome-for-major-bleeding-validation-by-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
S Laporte, C Chapelle, L Bertoletti, E Ollier, P Zufferey, J-C Lega, A Merah, H Décousus, S Schulman, G Meyer, M Cucherat, P Mismetti
BACKGROUND: Clinically relevant bleeding (CRB), comprising major bleeding and clinically relevant non-major bleeding, has been used as a surrogate for major bleeding in most anticoagulant trials, but its validity for estimating compromise between thrombotic and bleeding events has never been assessed. METHODS: We systematically reviewed randomized phase III trials comparing new anticoagulants with standard of care for venous thromboembolism prevention following major orthopedic surgery, venous thromboembolism (VTE) treatment, or stroke and systemic embolism prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF), and reporting both major bleeding and CRB rates...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544390/phenotypic-plasticity-and-remodeling-in-the-stress-induced-caenorhabditis-elegans-dauer
#20
REVIEW
Rebecca J Androwski, Kristen M Flatt, Nathan E Schroeder
Organisms are often capable of modifying their development to better suit their environment. Under adverse conditions, the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans develops into a stress-resistant alternative larval stage called dauer. The dauer stage is the primary survival stage for C. elegans in nature. Large-scale tissue remodeling during dauer conveys resistance to harsh environments. The environmental and genetic regulation of the decision to enter dauer has been extensively studied. However, less is known about the mechanisms regulating tissue remodeling...
May 24, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Developmental Biology
keyword
keyword
39079
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"