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Sense of coherence

Violeta Fernández-Lansac, María Crespo
Traditional models of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) claim that the high emotional intensity of traumatic events leads to deficits in the voluntary access of traumatic memories. This may result in disorganized narratives, with a high sense of emotional and sensory reliving. Alternatively, the basic mechanisms view suggests that high arousal leads to more available involuntary and voluntary memories. Traumatic narratives would not be impaired; indeed, they would be immersive and rich in detail. To test this perspective, this study compared the trauma narratives of 50 battered women (trauma-exposed group) with narratives about positive experiences and narratives of 50 nonexposed women (controls), and analyzed the relationship between trauma narrative aspects and the severity of PTSD...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
Aleksandra Staneva, Alina Morawska, Fiona Bogossian, Anja Wittkowski
Maternal psychological distress during pregnancy is a potential risk factor for various birth complications. This study aimed to explore psychological factors associated with adverse birth outcomes. Symptoms of psychological distress, individual characteristics, and medical complications were assessed at two time points antenatally in 285 women from Australia and New Zealand; birth outcomes were assessed postpartum, between January 2014 and September 2015. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were conducted to examine the relation of psychological distress to adverse birth outcomes...
January 17, 2017: Women & Health
Sarah Wood Pallas, Jennifer Prah Ruger
Development aid for health increased dramatically during the past two decades, raising concerns about inefficiency and lack of coherence among the growing number of global health donors. However, we lack a framework for how donor proliferation affects health program performance to inform theory-based evaluation of aid effectiveness policies. A review of academic and gray literature was conducted. Data were extracted from the literature sample on study design and evidence for hypothesized effects of donor proliferation on health program performance, which were iteratively grouped into categories and mapped into a new conceptual framework...
January 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
Jonathan M Austyn
The aim of this review is to provide a coherent framework for understanding dendritic cells (DCs). It has seven sections. The introduction provides an overview of the immune system and essential concepts, particularly for the nonspecialist reader. Next, the "History" section outlines the early evolution of ideas about DCs and highlights some sources of confusion that still exist today. The "Lineages" section then focuses on five different populations of DCs: two subsets of "classical" DCs, plasmacytoid DCs, monocyte-derived DCs, and Langerhans cells...
December 2016: Microbiology Spectrum
Zhangrong Mei, Olga Korotkova
The propagating modes of a wide-sense stationary Schell-like source with arbitrary coherence state and a twist factor are determined. This suggests a convenient practical method for modeling novel classes of twisted partially coherent beam-like fields. The first example discusses the previously introduced twisted anisotropic Gaussian Schell-model source and verifies the feasibility of this method. As a second example, we introduce a new type of twisted partially coherent beam in which a radiated flat-top average intensity pattern remains invariant in shape (but not size) while it twists around the axis upon propagation...
January 15, 2017: Optics Letters
Catharina Gåfvels, Margareta Hägerström, Kristina Rane, Alexandre Wajngot, Per E Wändell
We studied emotional health in patients with diabetes mellitus (n = 89) or rheumatoid arthritis (n = 100) aged 18-65 years, at the time of diagnosis and after 24 months. Predictors for depression or anxiety according to the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale after 2 years were assessed by logistic regression, with psychosocial factors and coping as dependent factors. There were many similarities between patients with diabetes mellitus or rheumatoid arthritis. Having children at home, low score on the Sense of Coherence scale, and high score on the coping strategy "protest" were important risk factors for depression and anxiety after 2 years...
July 2016: Health Psychology Open
Jaewook Shin, Bryan T Bosworth, Mark A Foster
We demonstrate imaging using a multi-core fiber with a scattering distal tip and compressed sensing signal acquisition. We illuminate objects with randomly structured speckle patterns generated by a coherent light source separately coupled through each fiber core to a ground glass diffuser at the distal end. Using the characterized speckle patterns and the total light collected from the object, we computationally recover pixelation-free object images with up to a seven times higher space-bandwidth product than the number of cores...
January 1, 2017: Optics Letters
Ruchire Eranga Wijesinghe, Seung-Yeol Lee, Pilun Kim, Hee-Young Jung, Mansik Jeon, Jeehyun Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Optics
Chiu-Yueh Hsiao, Huei-Lan Lu, Yun-Fang Tsai
Health-related quality of life is an increasingly critical outcome of mental healthcare, yet its disease-independent attributes, particularly family-focused resilient indicators, for individuals with schizophrenia have not been explicitly examined. The aim of this study was to explore the degree of health-related quality of life and to examine the mediating effect of family sense of coherence on internalized stigma and health-related quality of life in individuals with schizophrenia. A cross-sectional and correlational study design was used...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Esteban Bermúdez-Ureña, Gozde Tutuncuoglu, Javier Cuerda, Cameron L C Smith, Jorge Bravo-Abad, Sergey I Bozhevolnyi, Anna Fontcuberta I Morral, Francisco J García-Vidal, Romain Quidant
Next-generation optoelectronic devices and photonic circuitry will have to incorporate on-chip compatible nanolaser sources. Semiconductor nanowire lasers have emerged as strong candidates for integrated systems with applications ranging from ultrasensitive sensing to data communication technologies. Despite significant advances in their fundamental aspects, the integration within scalable photonic circuitry remains challenging. Here we report on the realization of hybrid photonic devices consisting of nanowire lasers integrated with wafer-scale lithographically designed V-groove plasmonic waveguides...
January 9, 2017: Nano Letters
X Y Lu, J M Dai, N Wu, C Shu, J L Gao, H Fu
Objective: To investigate understand the current status of the sense of coherence and occupational stress in modern service workers, and to analyze the association between occupational stress and the sense of coherence. Methods: From March to April, 2016, 834 modern service workers from 3 companies in Shanghai, China (in air transportation industry, marketing industry, and travel industry) were surveyed by non-ran-dom sampling. The self-completion questionnaires were filled out anonymously given the informed consent of the workers...
October 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
M Smit, D I Kooistra, I J M van der Ham, H C Dijkerman
Body ownership has mainly been linked to the right hemisphere and larger interhemispheric connectivity has been shown to be associated with greater right hemispheric activation. Mixed-handed participants tend to have more interhemispheric connectivity compared to extreme handed participants. The aim of this study was to examine whether feelings of ownership as assessed with the rubber hand illusion (RHI) are differentiated by handedness and differed between the left and right hand. Sinistrals-, dextrals-, and mixed-handed individuals (n = 63) were subjected to the RHI...
January 2, 2017: Laterality
Jing Liu, Qiong He, Jianwen Luo
A novel beamforming technique, named compressed sensing based synthetic transmit aperture (CS-STA) is proposed to speed up the acquisition of ultrasound imaging. This technique consists of three steps. First, the ultrasound transducer transmits randomly apodized plane waves for a number of times and receives the backscattered echoes. Second, the recorded backscattered echoes are used to recover the full channel dataset of synthetic transmit aperture (STA) with a compressed sensing (CS) reconstruction algorithm...
December 23, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
Kaylin Ratner, Anthony L Burrow, Felix Thoemmes
Having a sense of meaning in life (MIL) has been acknowledged as a catalyst to psychological flourishing. As such, understanding ways to promote MIL represents a worthy goal for those interested in bolstering positive outcomes. This study sought to replicate the findings of Heintzelman, Trent & King (2013 Psychol. Sci.24, 991-998 (doi:10.1177/0956797612465878)), who found that MIL could be influenced by external stimulation. Their findings suggest that exposure to coherent stimuli produces significantly higher MIL scores than exposure to incoherent stimuli...
November 2016: Royal Society Open Science
Hungyen Lin, Yue Dong, Daniel Markl, Bryan M Williams, Yalin Zheng, Yaochun Shen, J Axel Zeitler
We present in-line coating thickness measurements acquired simultaneously using two independent sensing modalities: terahertz pulsed imaging (TPI) and optical coherence tomography (OCT). Both techniques are sufficiently fast to resolve the coating thickness of individual pharmaceutical tablets in-situ during the film coating operation and both techniques are direct structural imaging techniques that do not require multivariate calibration. The TPI sensor is suitable to measure coatings greater than 50 μm and can penetrate through thick coatings even in the presence of pigments over a wide range of excipients...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Norintan Ab-Murat, Lydia Mason, Rahimah Abdul Kadir, Noriah Yusoff
PURPOSE: To assess Malaysian dentists' perceptions of their mental well-being. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was developed based on a conceptual framework of mental health and well-being model. Two aspects were assessed namely the physiological (2 domains) and the psychological (6 domains). Participants were asked to rate their experiences of the abovementioned aspects using a 5-point Likert scale ranging from all the time to never. RESULTS: The response rate was 81%...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Yves Kayser, Christian David, Uwe Flechsig, Juraj Krempasky, Volker Schlott, Rafael Abela
A wavefront metrology setup based on the X-ray grating interferometry technique for spatially resolved, quantitative, in situ and at-wavelength measurements of the wavefront at synchrotron radiation and hard X-ray free-electron laser beamlines is reported. Indeed, the ever-increasing demands on the optical components to preserve the wavefront shape and the coherence of the delivered X-ray beam call for more and more sensitive diagnostic instruments. Thanks to its angular sensitivity, X-ray grating interferometry has been established in recent years as an adequate wavefront-sensing technique for quantitatively assessing the quality of the X-ray wavefront under working conditions and hence for the in situ investigation of X-ray optical elements...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation
Winnie W S Mak, Ivy S W Ng, Celia C Y Wong, Rita W Law
The present research aims to develop and validate a measure of resilience that reflects the influence of Confucian philosophies and Chinese cultural lay beliefs. Based on a representative sample of 1,419 college students from universities and a clinical sample of 214 cardiac patients in Hong Kong, reliability, construct validity, and criterion validity of the Resilience Style Questionnaire (RSQ) were examined. A two-factor structure of the RSQ was explored and validated in both samples. Results showed that the two factors of the RSQ (i...
December 1, 2016: Assessment
Ralf Schiel, Alexander Kaps, Günter Stein, Antje Steveling
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, overweight and obesity are known as posing serious health risks. Successful methods for weight reduction have remained elusive. This multicenter non-randomised trial aimed to identify parameters and determinants of long-term weight reduction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 143/159 overweight and obese children and adolescents (90 %) completed the prospective multicenter trial (age 13.9±2.4 years, BMI 31.2±5.4kg/m(2), BMI-SDS 2.51±0...
December 2016: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
Claudia Meier Magistretti, Soo Downe, Bengt Lindstrøm, Marie Berg, Katharina Tritten Schwarz
There is a lack of systematic evidence concerning health orientation in maternity practice in the current climate of risk avoidance. The midwifery professional project is orientated toward the preservation of normal physiological processes during the maternity episode. This study investigates accounts of midwives who were working in health-orientated birth settings, to examine if and how they frame a health orientation in professional practice. Twenty-seven narrative interviews were conducted with midwives working in pre-, peri-, and postnatal care in different maternity care settings in Switzerland, Austria, and Germany...
2016: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
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