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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723936/social-sensing-of-urban-land-use-based-on-analysis-of-twitter-users-mobility-patterns
#1
Aiman Soliman, Kiumars Soltani, Junjun Yin, Anand Padmanabhan, Shaowen Wang
A number of recent studies showed that digital footprints around built environments, such as geo-located tweets, are promising data sources for characterizing urban land use. However, challenges for achieving this purpose exist due to the volume and unstructured nature of geo-located social media. Previous studies focused on analyzing Twitter data collectively resulting in coarse resolution maps of urban land use. We argue that the complex spatial structure of a large collection of tweets, when viewed through the lens of individual-level human mobility patterns, can be simplified to a series of key locations for each user, which could be used to characterize urban land use at a higher spatial resolution...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721109/association-of-social-support-with-gratitude-and-sense-of-coherence-in-japanese-young-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Tomoko Fujitani, Kumiko Ohara, Katsuyasu Kouda, Tomoki Mase, Chiemi Miyawaki, Katsumasa Momoi, Yoshimitsu Okita, Maki Furutani, Harunobu Nakamura
PURPOSE: Recent studies have shown that perceived social support is associated with gratitude and sense of coherence, but evidence for this concept remains scarce. In the present study, we investigated relationships between social support, gratitude, and sense of coherence, focusing on the construct of and source of social support among young women. METHODS: The study was conducted in 2014 in Japan. Participants comprised 208 female university students (aged 19...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717573/in-vivo-digital-wavefront-sensing-using-swept-source-oct
#3
Abhishek Kumar, Lara M Wurster, Matthias Salas, Laurin Ginner, Wolfgang Drexler, Rainer A Leitgeb
Sub-aperture based digital adaptive optics is demonstrated in a fiber based point scanning optical coherence tomography system using a 1060 nm swept source laser. To detect optical aberrations in-vivo, a small lateral field of view of ~[Formula: see text] is scanned on the sample at a high volume rate of 17 Hz (~1.3 kHz B-scan rate) to avoid any significant lateral and axial motion of the sample, and is used as a "guide star" for the sub-aperture based DAO. The proof of principle is demonstrated using a micro-beads phantom sample, wherein a significant root mean square wavefront error (RMS WFE) of 1...
July 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711591/touching-the-void-first-and-third-person-perspectives-in-two-cases-of-autobiographical-amnesia-linked-to-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#4
Adam Zeman, Marcus Byruck, Peter Tallis, Keith Vossel, Daniel Tranel
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) can be associated with a marked impairment of autobiographical memory. This is occasionally its presenting feature. We describe two individuals with severe epilepsy-associated autobiographical memory loss. Both MB and PT were reassured initially that their memory was intact on the basis of standard neuropsychological tests. Both have written detailed accounts of their symptoms. The key neuropsychological features of their cases are the relative normality of performance on standard memory tests, with preservation of semantic memory for impersonal information, in contrast to a profound amnesia for salient autobiographical episodes and an impoverishment of imaginative scene construction...
July 12, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705456/feeling-touch-on-the-own-hand-restores-the-capacity-to-visually-discriminate-it-from-someone-else-hand-pathological-embodiment-receding-in-brain-damage-patients
#5
Carlotta Fossataro, Valentina Bruno, Patrizia Gindri, Lorenzo Pia, Anna Berti, Francesca Garbarini
The sense of body ownership, i.e., the belief that a specific body part belongs to us, can be selectively impaired in brain-damaged patients. Recently, a pathological form of embodiment has been described in patients who, when the examiner's hand is located in a body-congruent position, systematically claim that it is their own hand (E+ patients). This paradoxical behavior suggests that, in these patients, the altered sense of body ownership also affects their capacity of visually discriminating the body-identity details of the own and the alien hand, even when both hands are clearly visible on the table...
June 23, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704829/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-secondary-traumatization-in-interpreters-for-refugees-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
David Kindermann, Carolin Schmid, Cassandra Derreza-Greeven, Daniel Huhn, Rupert Maria Kohl, Florian Junne, Maritta Schleyer, Judith K Daniels, Beate Ditzen, Wolfgang Herzog, Christoph Nikendei
BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of refugees, fleeing persecution, torture, and war, are estimated to suffer from psychological traumatization. After being sheltered in reception centers, the refugees come in close contact with different occupational groups, e.g., physicians, social workers, and interpreters. Previous studies ascertained that such interpreters themselves often suffer from primary psychological traumatization. Moreover, through translating refugees' potentially traumatic depictions, the interpreters are in danger of developing a so-called secondary traumatization...
July 14, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699654/health-promotion-in-specialist-and-community-care-how-a-broadly-applicable-health-promotion-intervention-influences-patient-s-sense-of-coherence
#7
Kristin Heggdal, Beate Jelstad Lovaas
BACKGROUND: Chronic illness health interventions aim to strengthen individuals' wellness resources, in addition to their ability to handle their condition. This presupposes a partnership between patients and professionals and flexibility in care organization. AIM: This study aims to investigate possible changes in individuals' sense of coherence while living with long-term illness as they engage in a broadly applicable health promotion intervention developed in specialist care settings that was later implemented in the community care context...
July 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695204/resolving-quanta-of-collective-spin-excitations-in-a-millimeter-sized-ferromagnet
#8
Dany Lachance-Quirion, Yutaka Tabuchi, Seiichiro Ishino, Atsushi Noguchi, Toyofumi Ishikawa, Rekishu Yamazaki, Yasunobu Nakamura
Combining different physical systems in hybrid quantum circuits opens up novel possibilities for quantum technologies. In quantum magnonics, quanta of collective excitation modes in a ferromagnet, called magnons, interact coherently with qubits to access quantum phenomena of magnonics. We use this architecture to probe the quanta of collective spin excitations in a millimeter-sized ferromagnetic crystal. More specifically, we resolve magnon number states through spectroscopic measurements of a superconducting qubit with the hybrid system in the strong dispersive regime...
July 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692977/low-rank-matrix-completion-to-reconstruct-incomplete-rendering-images
#9
Ping Liu, John P Lewis, Taehyun Rhee
Path tracing provides photo-realistic rendering in many applications but intermediate previsualization often suffers from distracting noise. Since the fundamental underlying problem is insufficient samples, we exploit the coherence of the visual signal to reconstruct missing samples, using a low-rank matrix completion framework. We present novel methods to construct low rank matrices for incomplete images including missing pixel, missing sub-pixel, and multi-frame scenarios. A convolutional neural network provides fast pre-completion for initialising missing values, and subsequent weighted nuclear norm minimisation (WNNM) with a parameter adjustment strategy (PAWNNM) efficiently recovers missing values even in high frequency details...
July 3, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691835/agency-before-action-the-application-of-behavioral-activation-in-psychotherapy-with-persons-with-psychosis
#10
Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Nitzan Arnon-Ribenfeld, Jay A Hamm, Paul H Lysaker
Incorporating behavioral activation into psychotherapy with persons with psychosis requires adaptation in its conceptualization and application owing to special deficits in the self-experience. Persons with psychosis often experience a diminished or disorganized sense of self, and have deficits in coherently narrating the experience of the self and in the ability to make sense of how to take action and direct their own lives. Based on a metacognitive model of disability in psychosis, the current paper presents a therapy process of a woman coping with schizophrenia using Metacognitive Reflection and Insight Therapy (Lysaker and Dimaggio, 2014) in the framework of an intersubjective model for psychotherapy with persons with psychosis presented by Hasson-Ohayon, Kravetz, and Lysaker (2016a)...
July 10, 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684072/surgery-first-approach-in-orthognathic-surgery-psychological-and-biological-aspects-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Sebastian Zingler, Emad Hakim, Dominic Finke, Monika Brunner, Daniel Saure, Jürgen Hoffmann, Christopher J Lux, Ralf Erber, Robin Seeberger
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this pilot study was to investigate psychological and biological changes after application of a surgery-first orthognathic treatment approach. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of 9 patients (6 women and 3 men; mean age 26.7 years) suffering from skeletal Class II and III deformities was conducted. Skeletal changes from pre-to post-treatment were analyzed based on data acquired by use of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Psychological changes were analyzed using the orthognathic quality of life (OQLQ) questionnaire, Sense of Coherence 29-item scale (SOC-29) and longitudinal day-to-day questionnaire...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680186/the-effect-of-religiosity-on-life-satisfaction-in-a-secularized-context-assessing-the-relevance-of-believing-and-belonging
#12
Josje Ten Kate, Willem de Koster, Jeroen van der Waal
The positive relationship between religiosity and life satisfaction is well-established. This relationship is, however, likely to vary across cultural contexts and different religious affiliations. Furthermore, research is needed to uncover why religion is relevant for life satisfaction. Addressing these issues, we investigate what dimensions of being religious play a role in the life satisfaction of individuals with different religious affiliations, including the understudied Muslim category, in the highly secularized Dutch context...
2017: Review of Religious Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671050/outcome-instruments-in-moderate-to-severe-adult-traumatic-brain-injury-recommendations-for-use-in-psychosocial-research
#13
Cynthia A Honan, Skye McDonald, Robyn Tate, Tamara Ownsworth, Leanne Togher, Jennifer Fleming, Vicki Anderson, Angela Morgan, Cathy Catroppa, Jacinta Douglas, Heather Francis, Travis Wearne, Linda Sigmundsdottir, Jennie Ponsford
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can reduce psychosocial functioning, causing relationship, family, and employment difficulties. The present study by Moving Ahead: Centre for Research Excellence (CRE) in Brain Recovery aimed to identify a set of adult outcome instruments for moderate-to-severe TBI psychosocial research. PROCEDURE: A review of 115 instruments (identified through nomination, literature search, and international expert opinion) was conducted over a 15-month period...
July 2, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669511/illness-perceptions-in-adult-congenital-heart-disease-a-multi-center-international-study
#14
Jessica Rassart, Silke Apers, Adrienne H Kovacs, Philip Moons, Corina Thomet, Werner Budts, Junko Enomoto, Maayke A Sluman, Jou-Kou Wang, Jamie L Jackson, Paul Khairy, Stephen C Cook, Raghavan Subramanyan, Luis Alday, Katrine Eriksen, Mikael Dellborg, Malin Berghammer, Bengt Johansson, Gwen R Rempel, Samuel Menahem, Maryanne Caruana, Gruschen Veldtman, Alexandra Soufi, Susan M Fernandes, Kamila S White, Edward Callus, Shelby Kutty, Koen Luyckx
BACKGROUND: Illness perceptions are cognitive frameworks that patients construct to make sense of their illness. Although the importance of these perceptions has been demonstrated in other chronic illness populations, few studies have focused on the illness perceptions of adults with congenital heart disease (CHD). This study examined (1) inter-country variation in illness perceptions, (2) associations between patient characteristics and illness perceptions, and (3) associations between illness perceptions and patient-reported outcomes...
June 26, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653118/quantitative-pneumatic-otoscopy-using-a-light-based-ranging-technique
#15
Ryan L Shelton, Ryan M Nolan, Guillermo L Monroy, Paritosh Pande, Michael A Novak, Ryan G Porter, Stephen A Boppart
Otitis media is the leading cause of hearing loss in children. It is commonly associated with fluid in the ear, which can result in up to 45 dB of hearing loss for extended periods of time during a child's most important developmental years. Accurate assessment of middle ear effusions is an important part of understanding otitis media. Current technologies used to diagnose otitis media with effusion are pneumatic otoscopy, tympanometry, and acoustic reflectometry. While all of these techniques can reasonably diagnose the presence of an effusion, they provide limited information about the infection present behind the tympanic membrane...
June 26, 2017: Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology: JARO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651679/determinants-of-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-chd-an-australian-cohort
#16
Sarah L Eaton, QiFeng Wang, Samuel Menahem
BACKGROUND: Following improved survival rates in children with CHD, their quality of life and its determinants have become increasingly important. As part of a multicentre study entitled "Assessment of Patterns of Patient-Reported Outcomes in Adults with Congenital Heart Disease - International Study", this article reviews the relationships among quality of life, anxiety and depression, sense of coherence, and severity of disease in an Australian cohort of adults with CHD. Methods and results Adults with CHD were recruited from a single, community-based cardiology practice...
June 27, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644799/hybrid-cs-dmri-periodic-time-variant-subsampling-and-omnidirectional-total-variation-based-reconstruction
#17
Yipeng Liu, Shan Wu, Xiaolin Huang, Bing Chen, Ce Zhu
Compressive sensing (CS) has been used to accelerate dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (DMRI). Currently, the online CS-DMRI is faster, whereas the offline CS-DMRI provides higher accuracy for image reconstruction. To achieve good image reconstruction performance in terms of both speed and accuracy, we propose a hybrid CS-DMRI method using periodic timevariant subsampling for different frames. In each period, there is one reference frame that is sampled at a higher subsampling ratio. The two nearby reference frames with good reconstruction quality can be used to provide rough predictions of the other frames between them...
June 20, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641252/an-embedded-marked-point-process-framework-for-three-level-object-population-analysis
#18
Csaba Benedek
In this paper, we introduce a probabilistic approach for extracting the complex hierarchical object structures from the digital images used by various vision applications. The proposed framework extends conventional marked point process (MPP) models by: 1) admitting object-subobject ensembles in parent-child relationships; and 2) allowing corresponding objects to form coherent object groups, by a Bayesian segmentation of the population. Different from earlier, highly domain specific attempts on MPP generalization, the proposed model is defined at an abstract level, providing clear interfaces for applications in various domains...
September 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630481/near-surface-coherent-structures-explored-by-large-eddy-simulation-of-entire-tropical-cyclones
#19
Junshi Ito, Tsutao Oizumi, Hiroshi Niino
Taking advantage of the huge computational power of a massive parallel supercomputer (K-supercomputer), this study conducts large eddy simulations of entire tropical cyclones by employing a numerical weather prediction model, and explores near-surface coherent structures. The maximum of the near-surface wind changes little from that simulated based on coarse-resolution runs. Three kinds of coherent structures appeared inside the boundary layer. The first is a Type-A roll, which is caused by an inflection-point instability of the radial flow and prevails outside the radius of maximum wind...
June 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616674/health-related-quality-of-life-of-a-very-special-population-monks-of-holy-mountain-athos-greece
#20
K Merakou, E Kyklou, E Antoniadou, D Theodoridis, E Doufexis, A Barbouni
PURPOSE: The investigation of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) of Orthodox Christian monks who live at the Holy Mount Athos in Greece, and its correlation with demographic characteristics and Sense of Coherence (SOC-13). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was designed. The seven monasteries and five scetes with the largest number of monk population were invited to participate. Two monasteries and 1 scete gave their permission for the study. The final monks sample was formed by 166 monks from 215 who participated to the study...
June 14, 2017: Quality of Life Research
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