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Sense of coherence

Betsy Seah, Yanika Kowitlawakul, Srinivasan Chokkanathan, Jeane Jin Yi Fong, Geir Arild Espnes, Emily Ang, Wenru Wang
AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness of a multi-dimensional community-based health promotion and risk prevention program, named Salutogenic Healthy Aging Program Embracement (SHAPE) for senior-only households in Singapore. BACKGROUND: In view of aging population and its significant impacts on economy, societal structure and policy-making, healthy aging emerges as an important concept in maintaining health through the engagement of health-promoting behaviour and risk-prevention actions in older people...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Toby Sanders, Ilke Arslan
Electron tomography has become an essential tool for three-dimensional (3D) characterization of nanomaterials. In recent years, advances have been made in specimen preparation and mounting, acquisition geometries, and reconstruction algorithms. All of these components work together to optimize the resolution and clarity of an electron tomogram. However, one important component of the data-processing has received less attention: the 2D tilt series alignment. This is challenging for a number of reasons, namely because the nature of the data sets and the need to be coherently aligned over the full range of angles...
November 16, 2017: Microscopy and Microanalysis
Karel Žídek, Ondřej Denk, Jiří Hlubuček
We propose and demonstrate a spectrally-resolved photoluminescence imaging setup based on the so-called single pixel camera - a technique of compressive sensing, which enables imaging by using a single-pixel photodetector. The method relies on encoding an image by a series of random patterns. In our approach, the image encoding was maintained via laser speckle patterns generated by an excitation laser beam scattered on a diffusor. By using a spectrometer as the single-pixel detector we attained a realization of a spectrally-resolved photoluminescence camera with unmatched simplicity...
November 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
Michael O Vertolli, Matthew A Kelly, Jim Davies
An incoherent visualization is when aspects of different senses of a word (e.g., the biological "mouse" vs. the computer "mouse") are present in the same visualization (e.g., a visualization of a biological mouse in the same image with a computer tower). We describe and implement a new model of creating contextual coherence in the visual imagination called Coherencer, based on the SOILIE model of imagination. We show that Coherencer is able to generate scene descriptions that are more coherent than SOILIE's original approach as well as a parallel connectionist algorithm that is considered competitive in the literature on general coherence...
November 10, 2017: Cognitive Science
Tiia Kekäläinen, Katja Kokko, Sarianna Sipilä, Simon Walker
PURPOSE: (1) To determine the effects of a 9-month resistance training intervention on quality of life, sense of coherence, and depressive symptoms in older adults, and (2) to compare effects between different training frequencies. METHODS: Men and women aged 65-75 (N = 106) were randomized to four groups according to training frequency: training groups RT1 (n = 26), RT2 (n = 27), and RT3 (n = 28) and non-training control group (n = 25). All training groups attended supervised resistance training twice a week for 3 months...
November 9, 2017: Quality of Life Research
Frederick Anyan, Birthe Loa Knizek
This qualitative study explored the role of religious faith, belief and practice systems in the coping mechanisms and strategies of essential hypertension patients in Accra, Ghana. Six participants were recruited for participation, of which five were Christians and one was a Muslim. Interviews were conducted and interpretative phenomenological analysis was used to analyze the data. Results showed that participants used their religious faith, beliefs and practices as coping resources. Participants used a deferring-collaborative style of religious coping, which seemed to have provided them with an avoidance strategy that protected the participants from conscious confrontation with their illness...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
Jasmijn Slootjes, Saskia Keuzenkamp, Sawitri Saharso
Considering how much we know about the impact of the Sense of Coherence (SOC) on different health-related outcomes, we know surprisingly little about how a strong SOC actually develops. In this study we examine the mechanisms behind the formation of a strong SOC and study the role of migration, integration and general resistance resources (GRRs) in this process. We held 46 life-story interviews with women of Turkish, Moroccan and Surinamese descent. We divided the respondents in a relatively strong and weak SOC group in order to discern patterns of life experiences associated with SOC development...
December 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Randi Sviland, Kari Martinsen, Målfrid Råheim
This narrative case study, created from several qualitative sources, portrays a young woman's life experiences and an eight yearlong therapy process with Norwegian Psychomotor Physiotherapy (NPMP). It is analyzed retrospectively from an analytical angle, where NPMP theory is expanded with Løgstrup's phenomenology of sensation and Ricoeur's narrative philosophy. Understanding Rita's narrative through this window displayed some foundational phenomena in a singular way, illuminating embodied experiences in inter-subjective relationships in movement, sensation and time entwined...
November 2, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
Fernando M Cortelo, Sérgio T M Marba, Karine L Cortellazzi, Glaucia M B Ambrosano, Luciane M Guerra, Ana Cláudia G Almeida, Scott L Tomar, Margarete Ribeiro da Silva, Rosana F Possobon
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there is an association between sense of coherence levels and early weaning. METHOD: This study had a quantitative nature and a cross-sectional design. Factors associated with early weaning (interruption of maternal breastfeeding) were investigated in a sample of 425 women older than 18 years, mothers of children up to 36 months of age who were not twins, with no sensory or motor deficiencies, without distinction of ethnicity or social class...
October 30, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
Renee V Galliher, Kate C McLean, Moin Syed
Historically, identity researchers have placed greater emphasis on processes of identity development (how people develop their identities) and less on the content of identity (what the identity is). The relative neglect of identity content may reflect the lack of a comprehensive framework to guide research. In this article, we provide such a comprehensive framework for the study of the content of identity, including 4 levels of analysis. At the broadest level, we situate individual identity within historical, cultural, and political contexts, elaborating on identity development within the context of shifting cultural norms, values, and attitudes...
November 2017: Developmental Psychology
Iana Y T Wong, David J Hawes, Simon Clarke, Michael R Kohn, Ilan Dar-Nimrod
Research on children and parents' experiences of ADHD has grown in recent years, attracting attention to their subjective perception of ADHD as a disorder. Theoretical accounts of illness perception suggest that it is multi-dimensional, consisting of at least five core constructs (see the common-sense model of illness representations or CSM: Leventhal et al., in: Rachman (ed) Medical psychology, Pergamon, New York, vol 2, pp 7-30, 1980, in: Baum, Taylor, Singer (eds) Handbook of psychology and health: social psychological aspects of health, Earlbaum, Hillsdale, vol 4, pp 219-252, 1984)...
October 27, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
Patrik Grahn, Anna María Pálsdóttir, Johan Ottosson, Ingibjörg H Jonsdottir
The global burden of depression and stress-related mental disorders is substantial, and constitutes a major need for effective rehabilitation. Can nature-based rehabilitation help people return to work? OBJECTIVE: To study if the length of a nature-based rehabilitation program affects the outcome with regard to return to work one year after the onset of the program, in a group of patients with long-term reactions to severe stress and/or depression. METHODS: A prospective, quasi-experimental study comparing results from 8-, 12-, and 24-week periods of rehabilitation...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Nana Xiong, Jing Wei, Kurt Fritzsche, Rainer Leonhart, Xia Hong, Tao Li, Jing Jiang, Liming Zhu, Guoqing Tian, Xudong Zhao, Lan Zhang, Rainer Schaefert
BACKGROUND: Our study aimed (1) to describe the proportion of psychological distress among Chinese outpatients at general hospitals, (2) to compare cognitive and behavioral characteristics of patients with different distress patterns, and (3) to investigate the discriminant function of the analyzed variables in indicating the affinity towards the different distress patterns. METHODS: This multicenter cross-sectional study was conducted at ten outpatient departments at Chinese general hospitals...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
Kasper Olesen, Troels Mygind Jensen, Lars Jorge Diaz, Anne Cathrine Laustrup Møller, Ingrid Willaing, Valeriya Lyssenko
AIM: It is a constant challenge for people with type 1 diabetes to maintain appropriate levels of HbA1c, blood pressure and blood lipids in order to prevent or delay deleterious effects of their illness. This study sought to investigate if Sense of Coherence (SOC) is associated with clinical risk factors in people with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Questionnaire data, including measure of SOC, was collected from 125 patients with long duration of type 1 diabetes and linked to electronic patient records to obtain clinical measures on HbA1c, blood pressure, and blood lipids...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
Eugenia Fagadar-Cosma, Valentin Badea, Gheorghe Fagadar-Cosma, Anca Palade, Anca Lascu, Ionela Fringu, Mihaela Birdeanu
The successful preparation of a novel dimer complex formed between 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-porphyrin Fe(III) chloride and (5,10,15,20-tetraphenylporphinato) dichlorophosphorus(V) chloride using the well-known reactivity of the P-X bond is reported. The obtained complex was characterized by UV-vis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), fluorescence, ¹H-NMR, (13)C-NMR, and (31)P-NMR spectroscopic techniques and also by additional Heteronuclear Single Quantum Coherence (HSQC) and Heteronuclear Multiple Bond Correlation (HMBC) experiments in order to correctly assign the NMR signals...
October 21, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Bob Nagler, Andrew Aquila, Sébastien Boutet, Eric C Galtier, Akel Hashim, Mark S Hunter, Mengning Liang, Anne E Sakdinawat, Christian G Schroer, Andreas Schropp, Matthew H Seaberg, Frank Seiboth, Tim van Driel, Zhou Xing, Yanwei Liu, Hae Ja Lee
The Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) is an X-ray source of unmatched brilliance, that is advancing many scientific fields at a rapid pace. The highest peak intensities that are routinely produced at LCLS take place at the Coherent X-ray Imaging (CXI) instrument, which can produce spotsize at the order of 100 nm, and such spotsizes and intensities are crucial for experiments ranging from coherent diffractive imaging, non-linear x-ray optics and high field physics, and single molecule imaging. Nevertheless, a full characterisation of this beam has up to now not been performed...
October 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
Guillaume Tetreau, Silvain Pinaud, Anaïs Portet, Richard Galinier, Benjamin Gourbal, David Duval
Detection of pathogens by all living organisms is the primary step needed to implement a coherent and efficient immune response. This implies a mediation by different soluble and/or membrane-anchored proteins related to innate immune receptors called PRRs (pattern-recognition receptors) to trigger immune signaling pathways. In most invertebrates, their roles have been inferred by analogy to those already characterized in vertebrate homologs. Despite the induction of their gene expression upon challenge and the presence of structural domains associated with the detection of pathogen-associated molecular patterns in their sequence, their exact role in the induction of immune response and their binding capacity still remain to be demonstrated...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Alexander Stark, Nati Aharon, Thomas Unden, Daniel Louzon, Alexander Huck, Alex Retzker, Ulrik L Andersen, Fedor Jelezko
State-of-the-art methods for sensing weak AC fields are only efficient in the low frequency domain (<10 MHz). The inefficiency of sensing high-frequency signals is due to the lack of ability to use dynamical decoupling. In this paper we show that dynamical decoupling can be incorporated into high-frequency sensing schemes and by this we demonstrate that the high sensitivity achieved for low frequency can be extended to the whole spectrum. While our scheme is general and suitable to a variety of atomic and solid-state systems, we experimentally demonstrate it with the nitrogen-vacancy center in diamond...
October 19, 2017: Nature Communications
Pauline John, Nilesh J Vasa, Sujatha Narayanan Unni, Suresh R Rao
The superluminescent diode based differential absorption frequency domain low-coherence interferometry (FD-DALCI) technique is proposed and demonstrated for sensing physiological concentrations of glucose (0-250 mg/dl) in oral mucosa simulating phantoms (intralipid of concentrations 0.25-0.50%) with wavelengths at 1589 and 1310 nm. The proposed technique allows simultaneous measurements of refractive index based spectral shift and estimation of physiological concentration of glucose in intralipid with scattering characteristics using the differential absorption approach...
October 10, 2017: Applied Optics
Quangsang Vo, Fengzhou Fang, Xiaodong Zhang, Huimin Gao
Quality control of micro-nano structured and freeform surfaces is becoming increasingly important, which leads to challenging requirements in the measurement and characterization of rough and highly reflective surfaces. As an important measurement technique, white light scanning interferometry (WLSI) is a fast noncontact method to measure three-dimensional (3D) surface profiles. Nevertheless, the existing WLSI 3D surface reconstruction algorithms are prone to environmental vibrations and phase changes caused by reflections on the tested surface...
October 10, 2017: Applied Optics
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