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Sense of coherence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810389/preoperative-sense-of-coherence-associated-with-the-10-year-outcomes-of-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-surgery
#1
Sanna Sinikallio, Maarit Pakarinen, Iina Tuomainen, Olavi Airaksinen, Heimo Viinamäki, Timo J Aalto
A prospective 10-year follow-up study was conducted to determine the significance of the preoperative sense of coherence, with respect to the preoperative and 10-year clinical characteristics, among lumbar spinal stenosis patients ( N = 99). In addition, the predictive value of the preoperative sense of coherence regarding the 10-year surgery outcome was also evaluated. In a logistic regression analysis, a weak preoperative sense of coherence and low functional ability predicted the patients' functional ability 10 years after the surgery...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809052/validation-of-the-resilience-scale-for-adolescents-in-norwegian-adolescents-13-18%C3%A2-years
#2
Unni K Moksnes, Gørill Haugan
AIM: Resilience is seen as a vital resource for coping and mental health in adolescents. However, there is no universally accepted theory or definition of resilience, leading to considerable challenges regarding how to operationalise and measure this construct. The study aimed at providing further knowledge of the psychometric properties (dimensionality, construct validity and internal consistency) of the 28-item version of the Resilience Scale for Adolescents (READ) in N = 1183 Norwegian adolescents, 13-18 years old...
August 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805434/the-differential-influences-of-parenting-and-child-narrative-coherence-on-the-development-of-emotion-recognition
#3
Sara R Berzenski, Tuppett M Yates
The ability to recognize and label emotions serves as a building block by which children make sense of the world and learn how to interact with social partners. However, the timing and salience of influences on emotion recognition development are not fully understood. Path analyses evaluated the contributions of parenting and child narrative coherence to the development of emotion recognition across ages 4 through 8 in a diverse (50% female; 46% Hispanic, 18.4% Black, 11.2% White, .4% Asian, 24.0% multiracial) longitudinally followed sample of 250 caregiver-child dyads...
August 14, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805401/the-common-sense-model-of-self-regulation-meta-analysis-and-test-of-a-process-model
#4
Martin S Hagger, Severine Koch, Nikos L D Chatzisarantis, Sheina Orbell
According to the common-sense model of self-regulation, individuals form lay representations of illnesses that guide coping procedures to manage illness threat. We meta-analyzed studies adopting the model to (a) examine the intercorrelations among illness representation dimensions, coping strategies, and illness outcomes; (b) test the sufficiency of a process model in which relations between illness representations and outcomes were mediated by coping strategies; and (c) test effects of moderators on model relations...
August 14, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803346/sense-of-coherence-self-esteem-and-health-locus-of-control-in-subjects-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-with-without-satisfactory-metabolic-control
#5
C Nuccitelli, A Valentini, M T Caletti, C Caselli, N Mazzella, G Forlani, G Marchesini
BACKGROUND: Despite intensive training, a few individuals with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) fail to reach the desired metabolic targets. AIM: To evaluate the association between disease-related emotional and cognitive aspects and metabolic control in subjects with T1DM. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Health locus of control (HLOC), sense of coherence (SOC), and self-esteem were assessed in T1DM subjects using validated questionnaires. Sixty-seven consecutive subjects who did not attain the desired HbA1c target (mean HbA1c, 8...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799415/evaluation-of-the-revised-sense-of-coherence-scale-in-a-sample-of-older-adults-a-means-to-assess-resilience-aspects
#6
Shauna L Mc Gee, Jan Höltge, Andreas Maercker, Myriam V Thoma
OBJECTIVES: The present study evaluated the revised Sense of Coherence (SOC-R) scale in a sample of older adults, using an extended range of psychological concepts. It further examined the psychometric properties of the revised scale and tested the theoretical assumptions underpinning the SOC-R concept. METHOD: The SOC-R scale was evaluated in 268 Swiss older adults (mean age = 66.9 years), including n = 15 heavily traumatized former indentured child labourers. Standardised questionnaires collected information on positive and negative life experiences, resources, current health, and well-being...
August 11, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798661/multisensory-based-rehabilitation-approach-translational-insights-from-animal-models-to-early-intervention
#7
REVIEW
Giulia Purpura, Giovanni Cioni, Francesca Tinelli
Multisensory processes permit combinations of several inputs, coming from different sensory systems, allowing for a coherent representation of biological events and facilitating adaptation to environment. For these reasons, their application in neurological and neuropsychological rehabilitation has been enhanced in the last decades. Recent studies on animals and human models have indicated that, on one hand multisensory integration matures gradually during post-natal life and development is closely linked to environment and experience and, on the other hand, that modality-specific information seems to do not benefit by redundancy across multiple sense modalities and is more readily perceived in unimodal than in multimodal stimulation...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793381/perceived-social-support-and-the-sense-of-coherence-in-patient-caregiver-dyad-versus-acceptance-of-illness-in-cancer-patients
#8
Małgorzata Pasek, Grażyna Dębska, Ewa Wojtyna
BACKGROUND: Acceptance of illness is a significant determinant of further coping with a disease. Development of illness acceptance may be associated with the sense of coherence and perception of social support. Cancer is an example of a crisis situation which affects both the patient and his/her close relatives. Consequently, acceptance of illness may be influenced by factors originating from both sides of caregiver-patient dyad. The aim of this study was to analyze direct and indirect interrelationships between perceived support and the sense of coherence (SOC) in patient-caregiver dyad, and acceptance of illness in cancer patients...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782894/association-between-dental-caries-experience-and-sense-of-coherence-among-adolescents-and-mothers
#9
Carolina Freitas Lage, Livia Bonfim Fulgencio, Patricia Corrêa-Faria, Junia Maria Serra-Negra, Saul Martins Paiva, Isabela Almeida Pordeus
BACKGROUND: Sense of coherence (SOC) is associated with oral health. AIM: Investigate associations between dental caries experience and SOC among mothers and adolescents. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 1195 adolescents and their mothers. Data were collected through a questionnaire, the short version of the SOC and oral clinical examinations. The data were statistically analyzed using bivariate analysis, Poisson regression models with robust variance, and Spearman's correlation coefficient...
September 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777877/timely-access-to-care-in-the-treatment-of-rectal-cancer-and-the-effect-on-quality-of-life
#10
Sofie Walming, Mattias Block, David Bock, Eva Angenete
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate if a delay in a patient's first contact with a health care professional, and any subsequent delay in diagnosis, affected self-assessed quality of life prior to start of treatment for rectal cancer. METHOD: Questionnaires were administered when the patients had been informed of the diagnosis and planned treatment. The primary endpoint was self-assessed quality of life according to a seven-point Likert scale. The response variables were dichotomized and analysed by unadjusted and adjusted binary logistic regression...
August 4, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776874/overall-and-domain-specific-life-satisfaction-when-living-with-familial-alzheimer-s-disease-risk-a-quantitative-approach
#11
Mette Bergman, Caroline Graff, Maria Eriksdotter, Marja Schuster, Kerstin S Fugl-Meyer
In this study, we explored life satisfaction and sense of coherence in relation to biopsychosocial variables in individuals at risk for the development of familial Alzheimer's disease. Forty nine individuals (response rate: 96%) were interviewed. Life satisfaction was found to be high for the majority of participants. Those who were older than the expected age of onset of disease, those <6 years' inclusion in the Familial Alzheimer's disease biomarker study, and males tended to experience positive psychological health...
August 4, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773154/strain-wave-acquisition-by-a-fiber-optic-coherent-sensor-for-impact-monitoring
#12
Claudio Sbarufatti, Alessio Beligni, Andrea Gilioli, Maddalena Ferrario, Marco Mattarei, Mario Martinelli, Marco Giglio
A novel fiber optic sensing technology for high frequency dynamics detection is proposed in this paper, specifically tailored for structural health monitoring applications based on strain wave analysis, for both passive impact identification and active Lamb wave monitoring. The sensing solution relies on a fiber optic-based interferometric architecture associated to an innovative coherent detection scheme, which retrieves in a completely passive way the high-frequency phase information of the received optical signal...
July 13, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772620/a-study-of-polycrystalline-silicon-damage-features-based-on-nanosecond-pulse-laser-irradiation-with-different-wavelength-effects
#13
Jiangmin Xu, Chao Chen, Tengfei Zhang, Zhenchun Han
Based on PVDF (piezoelectric sensing techniques), this paper attempts to study the propagation law of shock waves in brittle materials during the process of three-wavelength laser irradiation of polysilicon, and discusses the formation mechanism of thermal shock failure. The experimental results show that the vapor pressure effect and the plasma pressure effect in the process of pulsed laser irradiation lead to the splashing of high temperature and high density melt. With the decrease of the laser wavelength, the laser breakdown threshold decreases and the shock wave is weakened...
March 3, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764506/extended-bandwidth-frequency-sweeps-of-a-distributed-feedback-laser-using-combined-injection-current-and-temperature-modulation
#14
Gerald Hefferman, Zhen Chen, Tao Wei
This article details the generation of an extended-bandwidth frequency sweep using a single, communication grade distributed feedback (DFB) laser. The frequency sweep is generated using a two-step technique. In the first step, injection current modulation is employed as a means of varying the output frequency of a DFB laser over a bandwidth of 99.26 GHz. A digital optical phase lock loop is used to lock the frequency sweep speed during current modulation, resulting in a linear frequency chirp. In the second step, the temperature of the DFB laser is modulated, resulting in a shifted starting laser output frequency...
July 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762446/depressive-symptoms-among-older-adults-with-long-term-spinal-cord-injury-associations-with-secondary-health-conditions-sense-of-coherence-coping-strategies-and-physical-activity
#15
Sophie Jörgensen, Kathleen A Ginis, Susanne Iwarsson, Jan Lexell
OBJECTIVES: To assess the presence of depressive symptoms among older adults with long-term spinal cord injury and investigate the association with sociodemographic and injury characteristics; and to determine how potentially modifiable factors, i.e. secondary health conditions, sense of coherence, coping strategies and leisure-time physical activity, are associated with depressive symptoms. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: A total of 122 individuals (70% men, injury levels C1-L5, American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale A-D), mean age 63 years, mean time since injury 24 years...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753239/family-relations-sense-of-coherence-happiness-and-perceived-health-in-retired-taiwanese-analysis-of-a-conceptual-model
#16
Hui-Hsun Chiang, Tony Szu-Hsien Lee
AIM: A growing awareness of the rapidly increasing aged population in the world has led to growing attention to mental health in late life. Happiness has been emphasized as an important indicator of physical health and is predicted by a sense of coherence. However, the mechanism of influence of family relations on sense of coherence, happiness and perceived health is unknown. The present study aimed to analyze a conceptual model of the relationships among family relations, sense of coherence, happiness and perceived health in retired persons...
July 28, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752653/who-often-feels-lonely-a-cross-sectional-study-about-loneliness-and-its-related-factors-among-older-home-dwelling-people
#17
Solveig Tomstad, Bjørg Dale, Kari Sundsli, Hans Inge Saevareid, Ulrika Söderhamn
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of individuals who often feel lonely among a sample of Norwegian older home-dwelling people aged ≥65 years old, as well as to identify any possible factors explaining their loneliness. BACKGROUND: Loneliness is known to be common among older people. To identify those older adults who are lonely, and to acquire knowledge about the complexity of their loneliness, is important to provide them with adequate help and support...
July 28, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749995/direction-of-arrival-estimation-of-multipath-signals-using-independent-component-analysis-and-compressive-sensing
#18
Lin Zhao, Jian Xu, Jicheng Ding, Aimeng Liu, Liang Li
Multipath signal is often considered an interference that must be removed. The coherence between multipath and direct component makes it difficult to use conventional direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation methods in a smart antenna system. This study demonstrates a new multipath signal DOA estimation technique. Unlike the common methods, without decoherence preprocessing, the proposed algorithm first apply a complex fast independent component analysis (cFastICA) algorithm to obtain the steering vectors with multipath information that corresponds to each source signal...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749690/multi-scale-molecular-dynamics-simulations-of-polaritonic-chemistry
#19
Hoi Ling Luk, Johannes Feist, J Jussi Toppari, Gerrit Groenhof
When photoactive molecules interact strongly with confined light modes as found in plasmonic structures or optical cavities, new hybrid light-matter states can form, the so-called polaritons. These polaritons are coherent superpositions (in the quantum mechanical sense) of excitations of the molecules and of the cavity photon or surface plasmon. Recent experimental and theoretical works suggest that access to these polaritons in cavities could provide a totally new and attractive paradigm for controlling chemical reactions that falls in between traditional chemical catalysis and coherent laser control...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742408/risk-competence-in-dealing-with-alcohol-and-other-drugs-in-adolescence
#20
Ede Nagy, Rolf Verres, Dennis Grevenstein
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a critical phase for the development substance use patterns. We propose that individual competence in dealing with psychoactive substances is crucial for the development of healthy substance use behavior and prevention of substance misuse or addiction. OBJECTIVES: We present a new concept of health related skills in dealing with alcohol and other drugs in adolescence, its operationalization and validation. Our conception of risk competence (RICO) consists of the four major factors being Reflective, Informed, Self-Controlled and Life-Oriented, and their sub-facets...
July 25, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
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