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Sense of coherence

Barbara Colombo, Stefania Balzarotti, Allison Greenwood
OBJECTIVES: The concept of Cognitive Reserve (CR) has been used to account for brain plasticity in older adults that may underlie the resilience against the effects of aging or pathology on cognitive abilities. This study aims at exploring the proxies of CR in a sample of healthy older adults by analyzing their spontaneous reminiscence through a discourse analysis approach. METHOD: Fifteen community-dwelling older adults were asked to participate in a video-recorded, spontaneous reminiscence interview...
March 5, 2018: Clinical Gerontologist
Haled Al-Said, Orna Braun-Lewensohn, Shifra Sagy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This research investigated how coping resources explain emotional reactions of anger and anxiety, in the context of threat of house demolition, among adolescents in three groups: Adolescents living in a recognized village with no demolition, adolescents living in an unrecognized village (by the Israeli government as legal) with no demolition, and adolescents living in an unrecognized village with demolition. The framework of this research is based on Antonovsky's salutogenic theory, which suggests examining ability to cope with stressful situations...
March 20, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Robert G Ryan, Alastair Stacey, Kane M O'Donnell, Takeshi Ohshima, Brett Cameron Johnson, Lloyd C L Hollenberg, Paul Mulvaney, David Allan Simpson
Nanoscale quantum probes such as the nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centre in diamond have demonstrated remarkable sensing capabilities over the past decade as control over the fabrication and manipulation of these systems has evolved. The bio-compatibility and rich surface chemistry of diamond has added to the utility of these probes, but as the size of these nanoscale systems is reduced, the surface chemistry of diamond begins to impact the quantum properties of the NV centre. In this work, we systematically study the effect of the diamond surface chemistry on the quantum coherence of the NV centre in nanodiamonds 50 nm in size...
March 20, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Sanna Selinheimo, Tuula Vasankari, Markus Jokela, Merja Kanervisto, Sami Pirkola, Jaana Suvisaari, Tiina Paunio
BACKGROUND: We examined the prevalence of self-perceived respiratory symptoms (SRS) in the absence of any objective findings of respiratory pathology, and the association of such prevalence with psychological factors and healthcare use in the general population. METHODS: The study was conducted among a nationally representative sample of Finnish adults (BRIF8901). Respiratory functioning was measured by a spirometry test. Structured questionnaires were used to measure SRS, physician visits and psychological factors of alexithymia, sense of coherence, illness worry and common mental disorders...
March 20, 2018: Psychological Medicine
Nagisa Okada, Akinori Nakata, Masahiro Nakano, Kumiko Sakai, Kiyako Takai, Hiromi Kodama, Toshio Kobayashi
Many female nurses leave their jobs because of major life events. However, the mental health status and related factors among nurses who assume the roles of wives and/or mothers have been insufficiently examined. Therefore we examined the mental health levels and related factors among such nurse. We conducted a questionnaire survey on 763 female nurses working at general hospitals with over 200 beds in Fukuoka Prefecture. Of 402 responses, 108 were divided into two groups: nurses who had left because of marriage, childbirth, or childrearing (leaving group), and those who had not (non-leaving group)...
2018: Journal of UOEH
Romualdas Malinauskas, Vilija Malinauskiene, Mindaugas Malinauskas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the associations between lifetime traumatic experiences and leisure physical inactivity among adolescent boys and to determine to what extent those associations are mediated by posttraumatic stress symptoms, unhealthy behaviors (smoking, alcohol use), the daily consumption of fresh fruit, and sense of coherence. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire combining 3 instruments measured leisure physical activity level (Godin and Shephard), symptoms of posttraumatic stress (IES-revised), lifetime traumatic experiences, sense of coherence (SOC-13, from Antonovsky), and behavioral and dietary patterns in a representative sample of eighth grade boys from a number of Kaunas, Lithuania, secondary schools (N = 885; response rate 88...
March 2018: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
Frederick Hakelberg, Philip Kiefer, Matthias Wittemer, Tobias Schaetz, Ulrich Warring
Well controlled and highly stable magnetic fields are desired for a wide range of applications in physical research, including quantum metrology, sensing, information processing, and simulation. Here we introduce a low-cost hybrid assembly of rare-earth magnets and magnetic field coils to generate a field strength of [Formula: see text]10.9 mT with a calculated spatial variation of less than 10-6 within a diameter of spherical volume of 150 μm. We characterise its tuneability and stability performance using a single Mg+ atom confined in a radio-frequency surface-electrode trap under ultra-high vacuum conditions...
March 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
Monalisa Cesarino Gomes, Laio Costa Dutra, Edja Maria Melo Brito Costa, Saul Martins Paiva, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia, Carolina Castro Martins
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to perform a systematic review of the literature for scientific evidence regarding the association between a sense of coherence (SOC) and oral health-related of quality of life (OHRQoL). METHODS: Electronic searches were performed in five databases. Manual searches were also performed. To be included, studies needed to address the relationship between SOC and OHRQoL. The risk of bias was evaluated using the Newcastle-Ottawa scales for cross-sectional and cohort studies and the Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale for clinical trials...
March 12, 2018: Quality of Life Research
H Rolin, P Fossion, I Kotsou, C Leys
In this paper, we discuss various issues related to the concept of resilience, which is conventionally defined as a dynamic process allowing for a positive adaptation in a context of significant adversity. First, we try to draw the reader's attention to the importance of the concept of resilience in terms of public health. Second, we address the difficulty of measuring resilience in a relevant and operational manner. Third, we then address the question of whether resilience can be conceived only in the context of a confrontation with trauma, or whether its application can be relevant to the everyday nontraumatic adversity...
2018: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
Carina Lindblad, Ann Langius-Eklöf, Lena-Marie Petersson, Helena Sackey, Matteo Bottai, Kerstin Sandelin
OBJECTIVE: Sense of coherence (SOC) reflects a person´s overall orientation to life. SOC guides the person in finding and utilizing resources to maintain health and manage stress. Previously we demonstrated SOC's stability over time among breast cancer (BC) patients, and in the present article SOC´s predictive value for survival is tested. METHODS: A cohort of 487 women, underwent surgery for invasive BC and completed preoperatively the SOC-13 within a multicenter trial...
March 12, 2018: Psycho-oncology
A Biedermann, S Bozza, F Taroni
There is ongoing discussion in forensic science and the law about the nature of the conclusions reached based on scientific evidence, and on how such conclusions - and conclusion criteria - may be justified by rational argument. Examples, among others, are encountered in fields such as fingermarks (e.g., 'this fingermark comes from Mr. A's left thumb'), handwriting examinations (e.g., 'the questioned signature is that of Mr. A'), kinship analyses (e.g., 'Mr. A is the father of child C') or anthropology (e.g...
March 2018: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
Salimah H Meghani, Caroline Peterson, Donna H Kaiser, Joseph Rhodes, Hengyi Rao, Jesse Chittams, Anjan Chatterjee
BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer frequently experience physical and psychological distress that can worsen their quality of life. OBJECTIVES: We assessed the outcomes of an 8-week mindfulness-based art therapy (MBAT) intervention, Walkabout: Looking In, Looking Out, on symptoms, sleep quality, health-related quality of life, sense of coherence (SOC), and spirituality in outpatients with cancer. METHODS: A 1-group, pre-post intervention design with repeated measures at baseline, week 4, and week 8...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Dingding Ren, Lyubomir Ahtapodov, Julie S Nilsen, Jianfeng Yang, Anders Gustafsson, Junghwan Huh, Gavin J Conibeer, Antonius T J van Helvoort, Bjørn Ove Fimland, Helge Weman
Semiconductor nanowire lasers can produce guided coherent light emission with miniaturized geometry, bringing about new possibilities for a variety of applications including nanophotonic circuits, optical sensing, and on-chip and chip-to-chip optical communications. Here, we report on the realization of single-mode and room-temperature lasing from 890 nm to 990 nm utilizing a novel design of single nanowires with GaAsSb-based multiple axial superlattices as gain medium under optical pumping. The control of lasing wavelength via compositional tuning with excellent room-temperature lasing performance is shown to result from the unique nanowire structure with efficient gain material, which delivers a low lasing threshold of ~ 6 kW/cm2 (75 μJ/cm2 per pulse), a lasing quality factor as high as 1250 and a high characteristic temperature of ~ 129 K...
March 4, 2018: Nano Letters
Oleg A Godin
Interferometry of underwater noise provides a way to estimate physical parameters of the water column and the seafloor without employing any controlled sound sources. In applications of acoustic noise interferometry to coastal oceans, the propagation environment changes appreciably during the averaging times that are necessary for the Green's functions to emerge from noise cross-correlations. Here, a theory is developed to quantify the effects of nonstationarity of the propagation environment on two-point correlation functions of diffuse noise...
February 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Dan Malm, Bengt Fridlund, Helena Ekblad, Patric Karlström, Emma Hag, Amir H Pakpour
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a brief dyadic cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) programme on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL), as well as the sense of coherence in atrial fibrillation patients, up to 12 months post atrial fibrillation. METHODS: A longitudinal randomised controlled trial with a pre and 12-month post-test recruitment of 163 persons and their spouses, at a county hospital in southern Sweden. In all, 104 persons were randomly assigned to either a CBT ( n=56) or a treatment as usual (TAU) group ( n=55)...
February 1, 2018: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Sérgio R Domingos, Cristóbal Pérez, Melanie Schnell
Chiroptical spectroscopy techniques for the differentiation of enantiomers in the condensed phase are based on an established paradigm that relies on symmetry breaking using circularly polarized light. We review a novel approach for the study of chiral molecules in the gas phase using broadband rotational spectroscopy, namely microwave three-wave mixing, which is a coherent, nonlinear, and resonant process. This technique can be used to generate a coherent molecular rotational signal that can be detected in a manner similar to that in conventional Fourier transform microwave spectroscopy...
February 28, 2018: Annual Review of Physical Chemistry
Oriol Turró Garriga, Sílvia Farrés Costa, Albert Pérez Terré, Pau Batlle Amat
INTRODUCTION: The care of dependent persons is arduous, and requires time, energy, and physical effort on the part of caregivers. Personal characteristics, such as the sense of coherence (SOC), can influence the perceived burden and care giving. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of SOC on the perceived burden and to determine if these characteristics are associated with adherence to a psycho-educational program for informal caregivers. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Prospective observational study of caregivers of dependent persons participating in the 'School of Caregivers', a psycho-educational program for family and paid caregivers...
February 24, 2018: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
Maryam Elyasi, Lucas Guimarães Abreu, Cheyanne Olsen, Sarah R Baker, Hollis Lai, Paul W Major, Maryam Amin
PURPOSE: Parental capacity to face day-to-day stressors has a relevant role in recognizing and mobilizing resources to control children's oral health behaviors. This capacity has been explored by means of the sense of coherence. The purpose of this study was to explore the association between mothers' sense of coherence (SOC) and their preschool children's oral health-related behaviors. METHODS: Mothers and their pre-school children were recruited during immunization programs at community health centers in Edmonton, Canada...
January 1, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Andrew J Traverso, Brett Hokr, Zhenhuan Yi, Luqi Yuan, Shoichi Yamaguchi, Marlan O Scully, Vladislav V Yakovlev
In this Letter we present a new technique for attaining efficient low-background coherent Raman scattering where the Raman coherence is mediated by a tunable infrared laser in two-photon resonance with a chosen vibrational transition. In addition to the traditional benefits of conventional coherent Raman schemes, this approach offers a number of advantages including potentially higher emission intensity, reduction of nonresonant four-wave mixing background, preferential excitation of the anti-Stokes field, and simplified phase matching conditions...
February 9, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Debra S Burns, Anthony N Meadows, Sandra Althouse, Susan M Perkins, Larry D Cripe
Background: Supportive music and imagery and music listening interventions have been effective in decreasing distress and improving mood in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy, but it is unclear whether the two interventions differ in their treatment benefits. Furthermore, previous studies have not examined moderators to determine which subgroup(s) of patients may benefit most from each intervention. Objective: To examine the effects of supportive music and imagery compared with preferred music listening on responsiveness to music therapy, distress, anxiety and depression, and benefit finding...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
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