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Sense of coherence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915056/gigahertz-optomechanical-modulation-by-split-ring-resonator-nanophotonic-meta-atom-arrays
#1
Yuta Imade, Ronald Ulbricht, Motonobu Tomoda, Osamu Matsuda, Gediminas Seniutinas, Saulius Juodkazis, Oliver B Wright
Using polarization-resolved transient reflection spectroscopy, we investigate the ultrafast modulation of light interacting with a metasurface consisting of coherently vibrating nanophotonic meta-atoms in the form of U-shaped split-ring resonators, that exhibit co-localized optical and mechanical resonances. With a two-dimensional square-lattice array of these resonators formed of gold on a glass substrate, we monitor the visible-pump-pulse induced gigahertz oscillations in intensity of reflected linearly-polarized infrared probe light pulses, modulated by the resonators effectively acting as miniature tuning forks...
September 15, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914787/a-sparse-dictionary-learning-based-adaptive-patch-inpainting-method-for-thick-clouds-removal-from-high-spatial-resolution-remote-sensing-imagery
#2
Fan Meng, Xiaomei Yang, Chenghu Zhou, Zhi Li
Cloud cover is inevitable in optical remote sensing (RS) imagery on account of the influence of observation conditions, which limits the availability of RS data. Therefore, it is of great significance to be able to reconstruct the cloud-contaminated ground information. This paper presents a sparse dictionary learning-based image inpainting method for adaptively recovering the missing information corrupted by thick clouds patch-by-patch. A feature dictionary was learned from exemplars in the cloud-free regions, which was later utilized to infer the missing patches via sparse representation...
September 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913686/pretreatment-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-rectal-cancer-is-associated-with-intrusive-thoughts-and-sense-of-coherence
#3
Dan Asplund, Thue Bisgaard, David Bock, Jakob Burcharth, Elisabeth González, Eva Haglind, Yanislav Kolev, Peter Matthiessen, Carina Rosander, Jacob Rosenberg, Kenneth Smedh, Marina Åkerblom Sörensson, Eva Angenete
PURPOSE: Quality of life may predict survival. In addition to clinical variables, it may be influenced by psychological factors, some of which may be accessible for intervention. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the association of intrusive thoughts and the patients' sense of coherence with pretreatment quality of life in patients with newly diagnosed rectal cancer. METHODS: Patients were prospectively included in 16 hospitals in Sweden and Denmark...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899368/neighborhood-resources-for-the-development-of-a-strong-soc-and-the-importance-of-understanding-why-and-how-resources-work-a-grounded-theory-approach
#4
Ruca Maass, Bengt Lindström, Monica Lillefjell
BACKGROUND: Providing individuals with psychosocial resources such as sense of coherence (SOC) seems a beneficial strategy for health promotion in the neighborhood. In order to become a supporting theory for health promotion, Salutogenesis should renew its focus on resources for health, and explore how the development of a strong SOC can be facilitated. METHODS: Relevant issues were explored using a Grounded Theory- approach. Three focus-group-sessions and three in-depth interviews were conducted with strategically sampled participants...
September 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895427/the-impact-of-self-perceived-limitations-stigma-and-sense-of-coherence-on-quality-of-life-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Feddrik Broersma, Barth Oeseburg, Jacob Dijkstra, Klaske Wynia
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of perceived limitations, stigma and sense of coherence on quality of life in multiple sclerosis patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Groningen, the Netherlands. SUBJECTS: Multiple sclerosis patients. MAIN MEASURES: World Health Organization Quality of Life - abbreviated version, Stigma Scale for Chronic Illness, Sense of Coherence Scale, background and disease-related questions...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887055/how-to-control-an-intracellular-proteolytic-system-coordinated-regulatory-switches-in-the-mycobacterial-pup-proteasome-system
#6
REVIEW
Eyal Gur, Maayan Korman, Nir Hecht, Ofir Regev, Shai Schlussel, Nimrod Silberberg, Yifat Elharar
Intracellular proteolysis is critical for the proper functioning of all cells, owing to its involvement in a wide range of processes. Because of the destructive nature of protein degradation, intracellular proteolysis is restricted by control mechanisms at almost every step of the proteolytic process. Understanding the coordination of such mechanisms is a challenging task, especially in systems as complex as the eukaryotic ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS). In comparison, the bacterial analog of the UPS, the Pup-proteasome system (PPS) is much simpler and, therefore, allows for insight into the control of a proteolytic system...
September 5, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878441/development-and-validation-of-an-educational-program-to-enhance-sense-of-coherence-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-type-2
#7
Yuki Odajima, Mariko Kawaharada, Norio Wada
This study aimed to develop a group education program that facilitates a sense of coherence among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, which was provided four times, and to validate the effect of the program among the patients. Researchers allocated 40 patients with type 2 diabetes, who had been admitted to a general hospital in Japan for diabetes education for two weeks. Twenty-one patients were allocated to the intervention group and 19 to the control group. The control group undertook a lecture-based educational program that the facility offered...
August 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878232/holographic-writing-of-ink-based-phase-conjugate-nanostructures-via-laser-ablation
#8
Muhammad Waqas Khalid, Rajib Ahmed, Ali K Yetisen, Bader AlQattan, Haider Butt
The optical phase conjugation (OPC) through photonic nanostructures in coherent optics involves the utilization of a nonlinear optical mechanism through real-time processing of electromagnetic fields. Their applications include spectroscopy, optical tomography, wavefront sensing, and imaging. The development of functional and personalized holographic devices in the visible and near-infrared spectrum can be improved by introducing cost-effective, rapid, and high-throughput fabrication techniques and low-cost recording media...
September 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877702/psychosocial-risk-and-protective-factors-for-the-health-and-well-being-of-professionals-working-in-emergency-and-non-emergency-medical-transport-services-identified-via-questionnaires
#9
P Navarro Moya, M González Carrasco, E Villar Hoz
BACKGROUND: Medical transport (MT) professionals are subject to considerable emotional demands due to their involvement in life-or-death situations and their exposure to the serious health problems of their clients. An increase in the demand for MT services has, in turn, increased interest in the study of the psychosocial risk factors affecting the health of workers in this sector. However, research thus far has not distinguished between emergency (EMT) and non-emergency (non-EMT) services, nor between the sexes...
September 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855964/youth-in-the-midst-of-escalated-political-violence-sense-of-coherence-and-hope-among-jewish-and-bedouin-arab-adolescents
#10
Sarah Abu-Kaf, Orna Braun-Lewensohn, Tehila Kalagy
BACKGROUND: During stressful events, individuals (particularly adolescents) from minority groups are often more vulnerable to distress. This claim will be examined in terms of coping resources and stress reactions to escalated political violence. This study aimed to compare coping resources and stress reactions among adolescents from two ethnic groups in southern Israel-Jews and Bedouin Arabs-during a period of escalated political violence (November 2012). The Bedouin Arab group is the ethnic minority of the sample and thus may be more at risk compared to the Jewish group...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852886/relationships-between-illness-perception-and-post-traumatic-growth-among-newly-diagnosed-hiv-positive-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china
#11
Joseph T F Lau, Xiaobing Wu, Anise M S Wu, Zixin Wang, Phoenix K H Mo
Newly diagnosed HIV-positive men who have sex with men (NHMSM) are at high risk of mental health problems but may also develop post-traumatic growth (PTG). According to the Common Sense Model, illness perception (including both cognitive representation and emotional representation) affects coping and health-related outcomes. A cross-sectional survey was conducted to examine the associations between illness perception and PTG among 225 NHMSM in Chengdu, China. Linear regression analyses indicated that the constructs of emotional representation subscale (β = -0...
August 29, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841551/self-expressive-dictionary-learning-for-dynamic-3d-reconstruction
#12
Enliang Zheng, Dinghuang Ji, Enrique Dunn, Jan-Michael Frahm
We target the problem of sparse 3D reconstruction of dynamic objects observed by multiple unsynchronized video cameras with unknown temporal overlap. To this end, we develop a framework to recover the unknown structure without sequencing information across video sequences. Our proposed compressed sensing framework poses the estimation of 3D structure as the problem of dictionary learning, where the dictionary is defined as an aggregation of the temporally varying 3D structures. Given the smooth motion of dynamic objects, we observe any element in the dictionary can be well approximated by a sparse linear combination of other elements in the same dictionary (i...
August 22, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832585/choice-of-measure-matters-a-study-of-the-relationship-between-socioeconomic-status-and-psychosocial-resources-in-a-middle-aged-normal-population
#13
Karin Festin, Kristin Thomas, Joakim Ekberg, Margareta Kristenson
Psychosocial resources may serve as an important link to explain socioeconomic differences in health. Earlier studies have demonstrated that education, income and occupational status cannot be used interchangeably as indicators of a hypothetical latent social dimension. In the same manner, it is important to disentangle the effect of measuring different constructs of psychosocial resources. The aim of this study was therefore to analyse if associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and psychosocial resources differ depending on the measures used...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818059/influence-of-sense-of-coherence-on-adolescents-self-perceived-dental-aesthetics-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Aline Cavalcanti da Costa, Fabrícia Soares Rodrigues, Priscila Prosini da Fonte, Aronita Rosenblatt, Nicola Patricia Thérèse Innes, Mônica Vilela Heimer
BACKGROUND: Sense of coherence (SOC) is a psychosocial factor capable of influencing perception of health, improving one's ability to manage life. It is the central construct of salutogenesis. SOC allows for identification and mobilization of resources to effectively manage or solve problems, promoting health and quality of life. Using Wilson-Cleary's conceptual model we hypothesized that SOC might contribute to self-perception of dental aesthetics. The aim of this study was to investigate whether SOC levels were related to self-perception of dental aesthetics against assessed normative orthodontic treatment need among adolescents...
August 17, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810389/preoperative-sense-of-coherence-associated-with-the-10-year-outcomes-of-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-surgery
#15
Sanna Sinikallio, Maarit Pakarinen, Iina Tuomainen, Olavi Airaksinen, Heimo Viinamäki, Timo J Aalto
A prospective 10-year follow-up study was conducted to determine the significance of the preoperative sense of coherence, with respect to the preoperative and 10-year clinical characteristics, among lumbar spinal stenosis patients ( N = 99). In addition, the predictive value of the preoperative sense of coherence regarding the 10-year surgery outcome was also evaluated. In a logistic regression analysis, a weak preoperative sense of coherence and low functional ability predicted the patients' functional ability 10 years after the surgery...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809052/validation-of-the-resilience-scale-for-adolescents-in-norwegian-adolescents-13-18%C3%A2-years
#16
Unni K Moksnes, Gørill Haugan
AIM: Resilience is seen as a vital resource for coping and mental health in adolescents. However, there is no universally accepted theory or definition of resilience, leading to considerable challenges regarding how to operationalise and measure this construct. The study aimed at providing further knowledge of the psychometric properties (dimensionality, construct validity and internal consistency) of the 28-item version of the Resilience Scale for Adolescents (READ) in N = 1183 Norwegian adolescents, 13-18 years old...
August 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805434/the-differential-influences-of-parenting-and-child-narrative-coherence-on-the-development-of-emotion-recognition
#17
Sara R Berzenski, Tuppett M Yates
The ability to recognize and label emotions serves as a building block by which children make sense of the world and learn how to interact with social partners. However, the timing and salience of influences on emotion recognition development are not fully understood. Path analyses evaluated the contributions of parenting and child narrative coherence to the development of emotion recognition across ages 4 through 8 in a diverse (50% female; 46% Hispanic, 18.4% Black, 11.2% White, .4% Asian, 24.0% multiracial) longitudinally followed sample of 250 caregiver-child dyads...
August 14, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805401/the-common-sense-model-of-self-regulation-meta-analysis-and-test-of-a-process-model
#18
Martin S Hagger, Severine Koch, Nikos L D Chatzisarantis, Sheina Orbell
According to the common-sense model of self-regulation, individuals form lay representations of illnesses that guide coping procedures to manage illness threat. We meta-analyzed studies adopting the model to (a) examine the intercorrelations among illness representation dimensions, coping strategies, and illness outcomes; (b) test the sufficiency of a process model in which relations between illness representations and outcomes were mediated by coping strategies; and (c) test effects of moderators on model relations...
August 14, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803346/sense-of-coherence-self-esteem-and-health-locus-of-control-in-subjects-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-with-without-satisfactory-metabolic-control
#19
C Nuccitelli, A Valentini, M T Caletti, C Caselli, N Mazzella, G Forlani, G Marchesini
BACKGROUND: Despite intensive training, a few individuals with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) fail to reach the desired metabolic targets. AIM: To evaluate the association between disease-related emotional and cognitive aspects and metabolic control in subjects with T1DM. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Health locus of control (HLOC), sense of coherence (SOC), and self-esteem were assessed in T1DM subjects using validated questionnaires. Sixty-seven consecutive subjects who did not attain the desired HbA1c target (mean HbA1c, 8...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799415/evaluation-of-the-revised-sense-of-coherence-scale-in-a-sample-of-older-adults-a-means-to-assess-resilience-aspects
#20
Shauna L Mc Gee, Jan Höltge, Andreas Maercker, Myriam V Thoma
OBJECTIVES: The present study evaluated the revised Sense of Coherence (SOC-R) scale in a sample of older adults, using an extended range of psychological concepts. It further examined the psychometric properties of the revised scale and tested the theoretical assumptions underpinning the SOC-R concept. METHOD: The SOC-R scale was evaluated in 268 Swiss older adults (mean age = 66.9 years), including n = 15 heavily traumatized former indentured child labourers. Standardised questionnaires collected information on positive and negative life experiences, resources, current health, and well-being...
August 11, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
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