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Sense of coherence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314630/experiences-of-being-parents-of-young-adults-living-with-recessive-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-from-a-salutogenic-perspective
#1
Anna Carin Aho, Sally Hultsjö, Katarina Hjelm
Recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMD2) involve progressive muscle weakness. Parental support is important for young adults living with LGMD2, but no study has been identified focusing on the parents' experiences. The salutogenic perspective concentrates on how daily life is comprehended, managed and found meaningful, i.e. the person's sense of coherence. The aim of this study was to describe, from a salutogenic perspective, experiences of being parents of young adults living with LGMD2. Nineteen participants were included...
February 3, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301745/applications-of-surface-second-harmonic-generation-in-biological-sensing
#2
Renee J Tran, Krystal L Sly, John C Conboy
Surface second harmonic generation (SHG) is a coherent, nonlinear optical technique that is well suited for investigations of biomolecular interactions at interfaces. SHG is surface specific due to the intrinsic symmetry constraints on the nonlinear process, providing a distinct analytical advantage over linear spectroscopic methods, such as fluorescence and UV-Visible absorbance spectroscopies. SHG has the ability to detect low concentrations of analytes, such as proteins, peptides, and small molecules, due to its high sensitivity, and the second harmonic response can be enhanced through the use of target molecules that are resonant with the incident (ω) and/or second harmonic (2ω) frequencies...
March 16, 2017: Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298830/correlation-of-sense-of-coherence-with-oral-health-behaviors-socioeconomic-status-and-periodontal-status
#3
Kommuri Sahithi Reddy, Dolar Doshi, Suhas Kulkarni, Bandari Srikanth Reddy, Madupu Padma Reddy
INTRODUCTION: The sense of coherence (SOC) has been suggested to be highly applicable concept in the public health area because a strong SOC is stated to decrease the likelihood of perceiving the social environment as stressful. This reduces the susceptibility to the health-damaging effect of chronic stress by lowering the likelihood of repeated negative emotions to stress perception. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The demographic data and general information of subjects' oral health behaviors such as frequency of cleaning teeth, aids used to clean teeth, and dental attendance were recorded in the self-administered questionnaire...
July 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295021/coherent-selection-of-invisible-high-order-electromagnetic-excitations
#4
Ming Lun Tseng, Xu Fang, Vassili Savinov, Pin Chieh Wu, Jun-Yu Ou, Nikolay I Zheludev, Din Ping Tsai
Far-field spectroscopy and mapping of electromagnetic near-field distribution are the two dominant tools for analysis and characterization of the electromagnetic response in nanophotonics. Despite the widespread use, these methods can fail at identifying weak electromagnetic excitations masked by stronger neighboring excitations. This is particularly problematic in ultrafast nanophotonics, including optical sensing, nonlinear optics and nanolasers, where the broad resonant modes can overlap to a significant degree...
March 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291263/circumcision-does-not-alter-long-term-glucocorticoids-accumulation-or-psychological-effects-associated-with-trauma-and-stressor-related-disorders
#5
E Ullmann, J Licinio, A Barthel, K Petrowski, B Oratovski, T Stalder, C Kirschbaum, S R Bornstein
Male infants and boys through early adolescence can undergo circumcision either for the sake of upholding religious traditions or for medical reasons. According to both, Jewish as well as Islamic tenets, circumcision is a religious rite symbolizing the bond with God. The World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Council (UNC) as well as the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) strongly recommend circumcision to promote hygiene and prevent disease...
March 14, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287973/optimized-color-filter-arrays-for-sparse-representation-based-demosaicking
#6
Jia Li, Chenyan Bai, Zhouchen Lin, Jian Yu
Demosaicking is the problem of reconstructing a color image from the raw image captured by a digital color camera that covers its only imaging sensor with a color filter array (CFA). Sparse representation based demosaicking has been shown to produce superior reconstruction quality. However, almost all existing algorithms in this category use the CFAs which are not specifically optimized for the algorithms. In this paper, we consider optimally designing CFAs for sparse representation based demosaicking, where the dictionary is well-chosen...
March 8, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286549/relations-of-mother-s-sense-of-coherence-and-childrearing-style-with-child-s-social-skills-in-preschoolers
#7
Rikuya Hosokawa, Toshiki Katsura, Miho Shizawa
BACKGROUND: We examined the relationships between mothers' sense of coherence (SOC) and their child's social skills development among preschool children, and how this relationship is mediated by mother's childrearing style. METHODS: Mothers of 1341 Japanese children, aged 4-5 years, completed a self-report questionnaire on their SOC and childrearing style. The children's teachers evaluated their social skills using the social skills scale (SSS), which comprises three factors: cooperation, self-control, and assertion...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282700/-choroidal-neovascularisation-other-than-typical-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration
#8
D Sandner
Choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) in the context of exsudative age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) can be divided into type 1 (occult) and type 2 (classical) membranes. Retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP) or polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) are "rare subtypes" of chorioretinal neovascularisation and are distinguished by their distinct morphology and the sometimes worse response to therapy. Chorioretinal anastomosis, severe exsudates with serosanguinous pigment epithelial detachment and, in PCV, orange-red lesions in the papillomacular bundle can be diagnostic...
March 10, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271010/measurement-of-dynamic-cell-induced-3d-displacement-fields-in-vitro-for-traction-force-optical-coherence-microscopy
#9
Jeffrey A Mulligan, François Bordeleau, Cynthia A Reinhart-King, Steven G Adie
Traction force microscopy (TFM) is a method used to study the forces exerted by cells as they sense and interact with their environment. Cell forces play a role in processes that take place over a wide range of spatiotemporal scales, and so it is desirable that TFM makes use of imaging modalities that can effectively capture the dynamics associated with these processes. To date, confocal microscopy has been the imaging modality of choice to perform TFM in 3D settings, although multiple factors limit its spatiotemporal coverage...
February 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268365/shearlet-transform-a-good-candidate-for-compressed-sensing-in-optical-coherence-tomography
#10
Lesley-Ann Duflot, Alexandre Krupa, Brahim Tamadazte, Nicolas Andreff
This paper deals with the development of a fast and smart acquisition technique of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) data that has the capability to reconstruct missing data of OCT image. The main objective is to reduce the acquisition time (i.e., increase the frame rate) of an OCT-scan system by choosing a trajectory that covers entirely the image but that does not take all the measurements. The reconstruction of the missing data is achieved by applying an updated Fast Iterative Soft-Thresholding Algorithm (FISTA) on a sparse representation of the image...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263962/atomic-scale-sensing-of-the-magnetic-dipolar-field-from-single-atoms
#11
Taeyoung Choi, William Paul, Steffen Rolf-Pissarczyk, Andrew J Macdonald, Fabian D Natterer, Kai Yang, Philip Willke, Christopher P Lutz, Andreas J Heinrich
Spin resonance provides the high-energy resolution needed to determine biological and material structures by sensing weak magnetic interactions. In recent years, there have been notable achievements in detecting and coherently controlling individual atomic-scale spin centres for sensitive local magnetometry. However, positioning the spin sensor and characterizing spin-spin interactions with sub-nanometre precision have remained outstanding challenges. Here, we use individual Fe atoms as an electron spin resonance (ESR) sensor in a scanning tunnelling microscope to measure the magnetic field emanating from nearby spins with atomic-scale precision...
March 6, 2017: Nature Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261523/automatic-detection-of-tooth-cracks-in-optical-coherence-tomography-images
#12
Jun-Min Kim, Se-Ryong Kang, Won-Jin Yi
PURPOSE: The aims of the present study were to compare the image quality and visibility of tooth cracks between conventional methods and swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) and to develop an automatic detection technique for tooth cracks by SS-OCT imaging. METHODS: We evaluated SS-OCT with a near-infrared wavelength centered at 1,310 nm over a spectral bandwidth of 100 nm at a rate of 50 kHz as a new diagnostic tool for the detection of tooth cracks...
February 2017: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261299/health-behaviors-health-definitions-sense-of-coherence-and-general-practitioners-attitudes-towards-obesity-and-diagnosing-obesity-in-patients
#13
Monika Bąk-Sosnowska, Violetta Skrzypulec-Plinta
INTRODUCTION: Physicians' attitudes towards health may influence the motivation of patients for constructive health behaviors. The purpose of this study was to evaluate general practitioners (GP) attitudes towards health and to determine factors affecting diagnosis of obesity in their patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We examined 250 GPs. The average age was 53.55 ±10.57 years. We used methods examining: health behaviors (IZZ), the sense of coherence (SOC-29), the individual meaning of health (LZK), and attitude toward obesity (own questionnaire)...
March 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256239/in%C3%A2-vivo-sarcomere-length-measurement-in-whole-muscles-during-passive-stretch-and-twitch-contractions
#14
Kevin W Young, Bill P-P Kuo, Shawn M O'Connor, Stojan Radic, Richard L Lieber
Muscle force is dictated by micrometer-scale contractile machines called sarcomeres. Whole-muscle force drops from peak force production to zero with just a few micrometers of sarcomere length change. No current technology is able to capture adequate dynamic sarcomere data in vivo, and thus we lack fundamental data needed to understand human movement and movement disorders. Methods such as diffraction, endoscopy, and optical coherence tomography have been applied to muscle but are prohibitively invasive, sensitive to motion artifact, and/or imprecise...
February 28, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250098/computational-optical-palpation-a-finite-element-approach-to-micro-scale-tactile-imaging-using-a-compliant-sensor
#15
Philip Wijesinghe, David D Sampson, Brendan F Kennedy
High-resolution tactile imaging, superior to the sense of touch, has potential for future biomedical applications such as robotic surgery. In this paper, we propose a tactile imaging method, termed computational optical palpation, based on measuring the change in thickness of a thin, compliant layer with optical coherence tomography and calculating tactile stress using finite-element analysis. We demonstrate our method on test targets and on freshly excised human breast fibroadenoma, demonstrating a resolution of up to 15-25 µm and a field of view of up to 7 mm...
March 2017: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248197/calibration-of-the-sup-125-sup-i-induced-x-ray-fluorescence-spectrometry-based-system-of-i-in-vivo-i-bone-strontium-determinations-using-hydroxyapatite-as-a-phantom-material-a-simulation-study
#16
Eric Da Silva, Ana Pejovic-Milic
The calibration of <i>in vivo</i> X-ray fluorescence systems of bone strontium quantification, based on <sup>125</sup>I excitation, is dependent on a coherent normalization procedure. Application of this procedure with the use of plaster of Paris (poP) as a phantom material requires the application of a coherent conversion factor (CCF) to make the calibration functions transferable between the phantom material and human bone. In this work we evaluate, with the use of Monte Carlo simulation, the potential benefit of employing a newly developed hydroxyapatite phantom material into the calibration protocol...
March 1, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237850/light-at-the-end-of-the-tunnel-new-graduate-nurses-accounts-of-resilience-a-qualitative-study-using-photovoice
#17
Siti Namira Binte Abdul Wahab, Siti Zubaidah Mordiffi, Emily Ang, Violeta Lopez
BACKGROUND: Resilience is the ability to overcome any stressful situation. The ability to bounce back is said to enable a person to emerge stronger, perform better, and become more confident and selfefficient. The new graduate nurses' journey is a stressful experience as they become immersed in the day-to-day work pressures. OBJECTIVE: The study explored the new graduate nurses' accounts of resilience and the facilitating and impeding factors in building their resilience...
February 14, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236145/early-detection-and-management-of-symptoms-using-an-interactive-smartphone-application-interaktor-during-radiotherapy-for-prostate-cancer
#18
Kay Sundberg, Yvonne Wengström, Karin Blomberg, Maria Hälleberg-Nyman, Catharina Frank, Ann Langius-Eklöf
PURPOSE: Patients undergoing radiotherapy for prostate cancer suffer from a variety of symptoms which influence health-related quality of life. We have developed an application (Interaktor) for smartphones and tablets for early detection, reporting and management of symptoms, and concerns during treatment for prostate cancer. The study evaluates the effect on symptom burden and quality of life when using the application for real-time symptom assessment and management during radiotherapy for localized prostate cancer...
February 24, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230441/exploring-salutogenesis-as-a-concept-of-health-and-wellbeing-in-nurses-who-thrive-professionally
#19
Eleanor Stock
AIM: To determine whether salutogenesis, a concept of health and wellbeing, can be identified in nurses who self-describe as thriving professionally. BACKGROUND: Nurse burnout can potentially impact clinical performance, patient safety, and increase the turnover of nurses, which all contribute to additional healthcare costs. The ability to not only avoid burnout, but to thrive in stressful environments is an important factor worth exploring. The salutogenic concept is related to this...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226529/shearlet-transform-a-good-candidate-for-compressed-sensing-in-optical-coherence-tomography
#20
Lesley-Ann Duflot, Alexandre Krupa, Brahim Tamadazte, Nicolas Andreff, Lesley-Ann Duflot, Alexandre Krupa, Brahim Tamadazte, Nicolas Andreff, Alexandre Krupa, Lesley-Ann Duflot, Brahim Tamadazte, Nicolas Andreff
This paper deals with the development of a fast and smart acquisition technique of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) data that has the capability to reconstruct missing data of OCT image. The main objective is to reduce the acquisition time (i.e., increase the frame rate) of an OCT-scan system by choosing a trajectory that covers entirely the image but that does not take all the measurements. The reconstruction of the missing data is achieved by applying an updated Fast Iterative Soft-Thresholding Algorithm (FISTA) on a sparse representation of the image...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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