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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922858/hiv-hpv-and-microbiota-partners-in-crime
#1
Sergio Serrano-Villar, Emilia Vásquez-Domínguez, José Antonio Pérez-Molina, Talía Sainz, Amparo de Benito, Amparo Latorre, Andrés Moya, María José Gosalbes, Santiago Moreno
Altered interplay between gut mucosa and dysbiotic bacteria during HIV infection seems to fuel chronic immune dysfunction and might explain the excess rates of HPV-associated anal cancer in HIV-infected individuals. Here, we show in HIV-infected MSM undergoing screening for HPV-related cancer that specific fecal and mucosal bacteria are able to predict the existence of precancerous anal lesions. If confirmed, these bacterial biomarkers could be exploited either as diagnostic tools or therapeutic targets.
December 5, 2016: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909669/reconstruction-of-massive-posterior-nonrepairable-acetabular-labral-tears-with-peroneus-brevis-tendon-allograft-arthroscopy-assisted-mini-open-approach
#2
Esther Moya, Luis Gerardo Natera, Carlomagno Cardenas, Emanuele Astarita, Vittorio Bellotti, Manel Ribas
Many of the described labral-reconstruction procedures are purely arthroscopic. This approach only allows segmentary reconstructions. For more extensive reconstructions, surgical dislocation of the hip still represents the more suitable approach. We present an arthroscopy-assisted procedure combined with an anterior mini-open approach, which could be considered for reconstruction of nonrepairable labral lesions located in the posterior aspect of the acetabulum and massive reconstructions in cases of global-pincer femoroacetabular impingement and protrusio acetabuli...
October 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907235/the-2d-4d-ratio-as-a-predictor-of-the-risk-of-recidivism-after-court-mandated-intervention-program-for-intimate-partner-violence-perpetrators
#3
Angel Romero-Martínez, Marisol Lila, Luis Moya-Albiol
Differences in aggressive behavior could be partially explained by differential prenatal exposure to testosterone (T). A peripheral marker of prenatal T exposure is the 2D:4D ratio, which has shown a negative correlation with self-reported aggression in violent men. This study tested the direct association of the 2D:4D ratio with anger expression and the risk of recidivism in intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetrators after psychotherapeutic intervention program. The sample consisted of IPV perpetrators, whose 2D:4D ratio was measured before the intervention...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902226/flavobacterium-hibisci-sp-nov-isolated-from-the-rhizosphere-of-flower-mugunghwa-hibiscus-syriacus-l-in-south-korea
#4
Gabriela Moya, Zheng-Fei Yan, Huan Trinh, KyungHwa Won, Jung-Eun Yang, MooChang Kook, Tae-Hoo Yi
A Gram-stain-negative, smooth, bright yellow pigmented, rod-shaped bacterial strain, slightly motile by gliding, catalase- and oxidase-positive and aerobic but grew weakly under anaerobic conditions, was isolated from rhizosphere of flower Mugunghwa (Hibiscus syriacus L.) located in Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Gyeonggi, South Korea. The strain named THG-HG1.4T grew at 15-35 oC, pH 6.5-9.0 and in the presence of 0-2.5 % (w/v) NaCl. The phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that the strain THG-HG1...
October 25, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902198/niabella-hibiscisoli-sp-nov-isolated-from-soil-of-a-rose-of-sharon-garden
#5
Hien T T Ngo, Huan Trinh, Zheng-Fei Yan, Gabriela Moya, MooChang Kook, Tae-Hoo Yi
A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped and yellow-pigmented bacterium, designated strain THG-DN5.5T, was isolated from soil of a Rose of Sharon garden in Daejeon, South Korea. According to 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons, strain THG-DN5.5T was found to be most closely related to Niabella yanshanensis CCBAU 05354T (97.7 % sequence similarity), Niabella ginsengisoli GR10-1T (97.0 %), Niabella terrae ICM 1-15T (96.0 %), Niabella soli DSM 19437T (95.7 %), and Niabella aquatica RP-2T (95...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894725/occurrence-of-antiparasitic-pesticides-in-sediments-near-salmon-farms-in-the-northern-chilean-patagonia
#6
Felipe Tucca, Heriberto Moya, Karla Pozo, Francesca Borghini, Silvano Focardi, Ricardo Barra
Growth of the aquaculture industry has triggered the need for research into the potential environmental impact of chemicals used by salmon farms to control diseases. In this study, the antiparasitic pesticides emamectin benzoate (EB), diflubenzuron (DI), teflubenzuron (TE), and cypermethrin (CP) were measured in sediments near salmon cages in southern Chile. Concentrations for EB were between 2.2 and 14.6ngg(-1), while the benzoylphenyl ureas DI and TE were detected in the ranges of 0.1 to 1.2ngg(-1) and 0...
November 25, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889262/injections-of-predatory-bacteria-work-alongside-host-immune-cells-to-treat-shigella-infection-in-zebrafish-larvae
#7
Alexandra R Willis, Christopher Moore, Maria Mazon-Moya, Sina Krokowski, Carey Lambert, Robert Till, Serge Mostowy, R Elizabeth Sockett
Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus are predatory bacteria that invade and kill a range of Gram-negative bacterial pathogens in natural environments and in vitro [1, 2]. In this study, we investigated Bdellovibrio as an injected, antibacterial treatment in vivo, using zebrafish (Danio rerio) larvae infected with an antibiotic-resistant strain of the human pathogen Shigella flexneri. When injected alone, Bdellovibrio can persist for more than 24 hr in vivo yet exert no pathogenic effects on zebrafish larvae. Bdellovibrio injection of zebrafish containing a lethal dose of Shigella promotes pathogen killing, leading to increased zebrafish survival...
November 22, 2016: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878805/pancreatic-enzyme-replacement-therapy-for-people-with-cystic-fibrosis
#8
REVIEW
Usha Rani Somaraju, Arturo Solis-Moya
BACKGROUND: Most people with cystic fibrosis (80% to 90%) need pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy to prevent malnutrition. Enzyme preparations need to be taken whenever food is taken, and the dose needs to be adjusted according to the food consumed. A systematic review on the efficacy and safety of pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy is needed to guide clinical practice, as there is variability between centres with respect to assessment of pancreatic function, time of commencing treatment, dose and choice of supplements...
November 23, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870748/the-determinants-of-physical-activity-in-rural-women-aged-20-to-44-years-in-georgia
#9
Dziyana Nazaruk, Stuart H Tedders, Moya L Alfonso, Robert L Vogel
Physical activity rates in rural women are very low. The purpose of this study was to explore the determinants of physical activity in rural women aged 20 to 44 years. A survey was used to collect data on a cluster sample of 184 participants. This study was guided by Self-Determination Theory. Survey data suggest that the highest type of motivation was identified regulation, and husband's support had the strongest effect on physical activity. Findings suggest that a history of sports participation can lead to the formation of intrinsic motivation...
January 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870314/genetic-and-environmental-contributions-to-the-inverse-association-between-specific-autistic-traits-and-experience-seeking-in-adults
#10
Ángel Romero-Martínez, Luís Moya-Albiol, Anna A E Vinkhuyzen, Tinca J C Polderman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869259/the-effect-of-top-layer-chemistry-on-the-formation-of-supported-lipid-bilayers-on-polyelectrolyte-multilayers-primary-versus-quaternary-amines
#11
E Diamanti, P Andreozzi, R Anguiano, L Yate, D Gregurec, N Politakos, R F Ziolo, E Donath, S E Moya
The influence of the surface chemistry of polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEMs) on the formation of lipid bilayers is studied here for PEMs with either polyallylamine hydrochloride (PAH) or polydiallyldimethylammonium chloride (PDADMAC) as a polycation as a top layer, and polystyrene sulfonate (PSS) as a polyanion. Small unilamellar vesicles (SUVs) composed of phosphatidyl choline and phosphatidyl serine at a 50 : 50 molar ratio are deposited on top of the PEM films. The assembly of the SUVs into bilayers is studied via a quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) and fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP)...
November 30, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868229/the-synthesis-of-a-tritium-carbon-14-and-stable-isotope-labelled-cathepsin-c-inhibitors
#12
Paul Allen, Ryan A Bragg, Moya Caffrey, Cecilia Ericsson, Michael J Hickey, Lee P Kingston, Charles S Elmore
As part of a Medicinal Chemistry programme aimed at developing a highly potent and selective Cathepsin C inhibitor, tritium, carbon-14 and stable isotope labelled materials were required. The synthesis of tritium labelled methanesulfonate 5 was achieved via catalytic tritiolysis of a chloro precursor, albeit at a low radiochemical purity of 67%. Tritium labelled AZD5248 was prepared via a 3-stage synthesis, utilising amide directed hydrogen isotope exchange. Carbon-14 and stable isotope labelled AZD5248 were successfully prepared through modifications of the medicinal chemistry synthetic route, enabling the use of available labelled intermediates...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855309/evidence-of-an-epistatic-effect-between-dysbindin-1-and-neuritin-1-genes-on-the-risk-for-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders
#13
C Prats, B Arias, J Moya-Higueras, E Pomarol-Clotet, M Parellada, A González-Pinto, V Peralta, M I Ibáñez, M Martín, L Fañanás, M Fatjó-Vilas
BACKGROUND: The interest in studying gene-gene interactions is increasing for psychiatric diseases such as schizophrenia-spectrum disorders (SSD), where multiple genes are involved. Dysbindin-1 (DTNBP1) and Neuritin-1 (NRN1) genes have been previously associated with SSD and both are involved in synaptic plasticity. We aimed to study whether these genes show an epistatic effect on the risk for SSD. METHODS: The sample comprised 388 SSD patients and 397 healthy subjects...
November 14, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855252/-cardiovascular-risk-among-spanish-seafarers
#14
Mª Del Carmen Romero Paredes, Luis Reinoso Barbero, Mª Fernanda González Gomez, Ana Capapé Aguilar, Fernando Bandrés Moya
OBJECTIVE: Working at sea makes it difficult to receive proper medical attention. Moreover, the prognosis of an acute cardiovascular event often depends on the measures taken in the first few hours after the onset of symptoms, but are often delayed in seamen. Thus, it is very important to detect cardiovascular risk factors in these workers as early as possible. The aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among sailors. METHODS: Data were on a sample of 334 individuals in the Madrid Maritime Health Service in 2011...
October 2016: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828618/a-decade-trend-of-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-state-brazil
#15
Valdes Roberto Bollela, Fernanda Guioti Puga, Maria Janete Moya, Mauro Andrea, Maria de Lourdes Viude Oliveira
The aim of this retrospective study was to review all the notified cases of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in São Paulo State (Brazil), as well as to describe and discuss the clinical, microbiological and radiologic aspects in a single reference center, within the same state, from 2000 to 2012. There were 1,097 notifications of MDR-TB in São Paulo State over this period, 70% affecting men aged on average 38 years (10-77). There was a significant fall in the MDR-TB mortality rate from 30% to 8% (2000-2003 versus 2009-2012)...
November 3, 2016: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828109/dynamics-of-accelerating-bessel-solutions-of-maxwell-s-equations
#16
Parinaz Aleahmad, Hector Moya Cessa, Ido Kaminer, Mordechai Segev, Demetrios N Christodoulides
We investigate the propagation dynamics of accelerating beams that are shape-preserving solutions of the Maxwell equations, and explore the contribution of their evanescent field components in detail. Both apodized and nonapodized Bessel beam configurations are considered. We show that, in spite of the fact that their evanescent tails do not propagate, these nonparaxial beams can still accelerate along circular trajectories and can exhibit large deflections. Subsequently, our formulation is extended in other two-dimensional vectorial arrangements...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825956/psychosocial-factors-influencing-preferences-for-food-and-nutritional-supplements-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-bangkok-thailand
#17
Santiago Rodas-Moya, Supabhorn Pengnonyang, Stephen Kodish, Saskia de Pee, Praphan Phanuphak
Malnutrition and HIV are often coincident and may lead to wasting, a strong predictor of mortality. However; ready to use therapeutic foods (RUTF) are showing promising results in restoring the nutritional status of adult people living with HIV (PLHIV) in resource constrained settings but, its acceptability seems low. This study aimed to identify the psychosocial factors influencing general preferences for food and responses to five potential nutritional supplements to guide the development of novel products to treat malnutrition among PLHIV...
November 5, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822294/erratum-to-2016-wses-guidelines-on-acute-calculous-cholecystitis
#18
L Ansaloni, M Pisano, F Coccolini, A B Peitzmann, A Fingerhut, F Catena, F Agresta, A Allegri, I Bailey, Z J Balogh, C Bendinelli, W Biffl, L Bonavina, G Borzellino, F Brunetti, C C Burlew, G Camapanelli, F C Campanile, M Ceresoli, O Chiara, I Civil, R Coimbra, M De Moya, S Di Saverio, G P Fraga, S Gupta, J Kashuk, M D Kelly, V Khokha, H Jeekel, R Latifi, A Leppaniemi, R V Maier, I Marzi, F Moore, D Piazzalunga, B Sakakushev, M Sartelli, T Scalea, P F Stahel, K Taviloglu, G Tugnoli, S Uraneus, G C Velmahos, I Wani, D G Weber, P Viale, M Sugrue, R Ivatury, Y Kluger, K S Gurusamy, E E Moore
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13017-016-0082-5.].
2016: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805961/intraoperative-adverse-events-in-abdominal-surgery-what-happens-in-the-operating-room-does-not-stay-in-the-operating-room
#19
Jordan D Bohnen, Michael N Mavros, Elie P Ramly, Yuchiao Chang, D Dante Yeh, Jarone Lee, Marc de Moya, David R King, Peter J Fagenholz, Kathryn Butler, George C Velmahos, Haytham M A Kaafarani
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the impact of intraoperative adverse events (iAEs) on 30-day postoperative mortality, 30-day postoperative morbidity, and postoperative length of stay (LOS) among patients undergoing abdominal surgery. We hypothesized that iAEs would be associated with significant increases in each outcome. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The relationship between iAEs and postoperative clinical outcomes remains largely unknown. METHODS: The 2007 to 2012 institutional ACS-NSQIP and administrative databases for abdominal surgeries were matched then screened for iAEs using the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's 15 Patient Safety Indicator, "Accidental Puncture/Laceration"...
November 1, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797112/killer-immunoglobulin-like-receptor-repertoire-analysis-in-a-caucasian-spanish-cohort-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#20
Ruth López-Hernández, Jose A Campillo, Isabel Legaz, Mariano Valdés, Hortensia Salama, Francisco Boix, A M Hernández-Martínez, Jorge Eguia, G González-Martínez, Maria R Moya-Quiles, Alfredo Minguela, Ana García-Alonso, Fernando Carballo, Manuel Muro
Immunological molecules are implicated in inflammatory disorders, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD; Crohn disease [CD] and ulcerative colitis [UC]). Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are also genetically variable proteins involved in immune function. They are expressed by NK cells and certain T lymphocytes, regulate specificity and function by interaction with HLA Class I molecules, may be either inhibitory or activating and are polymorphic both in terms of alleles and haplotype gene content...
November 2016: Microbiology and Immunology
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