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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467424/spin-canting-across-core-shell-fe-3-o-4-mn-x-fe-3-x-o-4-nanoparticles
#1
Samuel D Oberdick, Ahmed Abdelgawad, Carlos Moya, Samaneh Mesbahi-Vasey, Demie Kepaptsoglou, Vlado K Lazarov, Richard F L Evans, Daniel Meilak, Elizabeth Skoropata, Johan van Lierop, Ian Hunt-Isaak, Hillary Pan, Yumi Ijiri, Kathryn L Krycka, Julie A Borchers, Sara A Majetich
Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have become increasingly important in biomedical applications like magnetic imaging and hyperthermia based cancer treatment. Understanding their magnetic spin configurations is important for optimizing these applications. The measured magnetization of MNPs can be significantly lower than bulk counterparts, often due to canted spins. This has previously been presumed to be a surface effect, where reduced exchange allows spins closest to the nanoparticle surface to deviate locally from collinear structures...
February 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465248/quality-of-sedation-with-propofol-administered-by-non-anesthetists-in-a-digestive-endoscopy-unit-the-results-of-a-one-year-experience
#2
Cristina López Muñoz, Andrés Sánchez Yagüe, Jose Carlos Canca Sánchez, José Antonio Reinaldo-Lapuerta, Ana Belén Moya Suárez
INTRODUCTION: research has shown that an endoscopist-nurse clinical team can perform sedation with propofol effectively, safely and efficiently. To do so, it is essential to provide specific and appropriate training in the necessary skills. The main aim of the present study was to evaluate the quality of the sedation procedure administered by non-anesthetists in a digestive endoscopy unit, one year after its introduction. METHODS: a prospective cohort study was performed in patients given propofol sedation by non-anesthetists...
February 21, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460623/generation-and-reactivity-of-electron-rich-carbenes-on-the-surface-of-catalytic-gold-nanoparticles
#3
Judit Oliver-Meseguer, Mercedes Boronat, Alejandro Vidal-Moya, Patricia Concepción, Miguel Ángel Rivero-Crespo, Antonio Leyva-Perez, Avelino Corma
The reactive nature of carbenes can be modulated, and ulti-mately reversed, by receiving additional electron density from a metal. Here, it is shown that Au nanoparticles (NPs) gener-ate an electron-rich carbene on surface after transferring electron density to the carbonyl group of an in-situ activated diazoacetate, as assessed by Fourier transformed infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS NMR) and Raman spectroscopy. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations support the observed experimental values and unveil the participation of at least three different Au atoms during carbene stabilization...
February 20, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452834/pain-and-analgesic-drugs-in-chronic-venous-ulcers-with-topical-sevoflurane-use
#4
Adrian Imbernon-Moya, Francisco Javier Ortiz-de Frutos, Mónica Sanjuan-Alvarez, Isabel Portero-Sanchez, Raúl Merinero-Palomares, Victoria Alcazar
OBJECTIVE: Pain in chronic venous ulcers (CVUs) notably increases with the usual cleaning of the wound. Chronic pain is usually poorly controlled even with the multiple analgesic treatments available. Analgesics can have different serious adverse effects and medical interactions in old patients with several comorbidities. This study reports the efficacy and safety of topical sevoflurane for treatment of pain in CVUs. METHODS: We report a descriptive and retrospective study of 30 patients older than 65 years with painful CVUs refractory to conventional analgesic treatments...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447161/mycobacterium-tuberculosis-complex-genotypes-circulating-in-nigeria-based-on-spoligotyping-obtained-from-ziehl-neelsen-stained-slides-extracted-dna
#5
Barbara Molina-Moya, Michel K Gomgnimbou, Lizania Spinasse, Joshua Obasanya, Olanrewaju Oladimeji, Russell Dacombe, Thomas Edwards, Xavier-Olessa Daragon, Lovett Lawson, Saddiq T Abdurrahman, Luis E Cuevas, Jose Dominguez, Christophe Sola
METHODS: All State TB control programmes in Nigeria were requested to submit 25-50 smear-positive Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) stained slides for screening during 2013-2014. DNA was extracted from 929 slides for spoligotyping and drug-resistance analysis using microbead-based flow-cytometry suspension arrays. RESULTS: Spoligotyping results were obtained for 549 (59.1%) of 929 samples. Lineage 4 Cameroon sublineage (L4.6.2) represented half of the patterns, Mycobacterium africanum (L5 and L6) represented one fifth of the patterns, and all other lineages, including other L4 sublineages, represented one third of the patterns...
February 15, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443524/encapsulation-of-ionic-liquids-with-an-aprotic-heterocyclic-anion-aha-il-for-co-2-capture-preserving-the-favorable-thermodynamics-and-enhancing-the-kinetics-of-absorption
#6
Cristian Moya, Noelia Alonso-Morales, Juan de Riva, Oscar Morales-Collazo, Joan Frances Brennecke, José Palomar
The performance in CO2 capture of an ionic liquid with an aprotic heterocyclic anion (AHA-IL), trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium 2-cyanopyrrolide ([P66614][2-CNPyr]), has been evaluated considering both the thermodynamics and the kinetics of the phenomena. Absorption gravimetric measurements of the gas-liquid equilibrium isotherms of CO2 - AHA-IL systems were carried out from 298K to 333 K and pressures to 15 bar, analyzing the role of both chemical and physical absorption on the overall CO2 solubility in the AHA-IL, as has been done previously...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440525/evolutionary-demography-of-age-at-last-birth-integrating-approaches-from-human-behavioural-ecology-and-cultural-evolution
#7
Siobhan Mattison, Christina Moya, Adam Reynolds, Mary C Towner
Cultural evolutionary theory and human behavioural ecology offer different, but compatible approaches to understanding human demographic behaviour. For much of their 30 history, these approaches have been deployed in parallel, with few explicit attempts to integrate them empirically. In this paper, we test hypotheses drawn from both approaches to explore how reproductive behaviour responds to cultural changes among Mosuo agriculturalists of China. Specifically, we focus on how age at last birth (ALB) varies in association with temporal shifts in fertility policies, spatial variation and kinship ecologies...
April 5, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440346/drought-sensitivity-of-norway-spruce-at-the-species-warmest-fringe-quantitative-and-molecular-analysis-reveals-high-genetic-variation-among-and-within-provenances
#8
Carlos Trujillo-Moya, Jan-Peter George, Silvia Fluch, Thomas Geburek, Michael Grabner, Sandra Karanitsch-Ackerl, Heino Konrad, Konrad Mayer, Eva Maria Sehr, Elisabeth Wischnitzki, Silvio Schueler
Norway spruce ( Picea abies) is by far the most important timber species in Europe, but its outstanding role in future forests is jeopardized by its high sensitivity to drought. We analyzed drought response of Norway spruce at the warmest fringe of its natural range. Based on a 35-year old provenance experiment we tested for genetic variation among and within seed provenances across consecutively occurring strong drought events using dendroclimatic time series. Moreover, we tested for associations between ≈1,700 variable SNPs and traits related to drought response, wood characteristics and climate-growth relationships...
February 9, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437318/acute-infectious-purpura-fulminans-secondary-to-a-dog-bite
#9
Antonio Andreu Ruiz, Tomás Ros Argente Del Castillo, José Moya Sánchez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Emergencias: Revista de la Sociedad Española de Medicina de Emergencias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436885/cerebral-perfusion-and-compensatory-blood-supply-in-patients-with-recent-small-subcortical-infarcts
#10
Salvatore Rudilosso, Carlos Laredo, Marco Mancosu, Nuria Moya-Planas, Yashu Zhao, Oscar Chirife, Ángel Chamorro, Xabier Urra
Hypoperfusion is the typical perfusion pattern associated with recent small subcortical infarcts of the brain, but other perfusion patterns may be present in patients with these infarcts. Using CT perfusion, we studied 67 consecutive patients who had a small subcortical infarct at a follow-up MRI study to investigate the correlation between the perfusion pattern and the clinical and radiological course. On CT perfusion map analysis, 51 patients (76%) had focal hypoperfusion, 4 patients (6%) had hyperperfusion and the remaining 12 patients (18%) showed no abnormalities...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434652/the-open-abdomen-in-trauma-and-non-trauma-patients-wses-guidelines
#11
REVIEW
Federico Coccolini, Derek Roberts, Luca Ansaloni, Rao Ivatury, Emiliano Gamberini, Yoram Kluger, Ernest E Moore, Raul Coimbra, Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Bruno M Pereira, Giulia Montori, Marco Ceresoli, Fikri M Abu-Zidan, Massimo Sartelli, George Velmahos, Gustavo Pereira Fraga, Ari Leppaniemi, Matti Tolonen, Joseph Galante, Tarek Razek, Ron Maier, Miklosh Bala, Boris Sakakushev, Vladimir Khokha, Manu Malbrain, Vanni Agnoletti, Andrew Peitzman, Zaza Demetrashvili, Michael Sugrue, Salomone Di Saverio, Ingo Martzi, Kjetil Soreide, Walter Biffl, Paula Ferrada, Neil Parry, Philippe Montravers, Rita Maria Melotti, Francesco Salvetti, Tino M Valetti, Thomas Scalea, Osvaldo Chiara, Stefania Cimbanassi, Jeffry L Kashuk, Martha Larrea, Juan Alberto Martinez Hernandez, Heng-Fu Lin, Mircea Chirica, Catherine Arvieux, Camilla Bing, Tal Horer, Belinda De Simone, Peter Masiakos, Viktor Reva, Nicola DeAngelis, Kaoru Kike, Zsolt J Balogh, Paola Fugazzola, Matteo Tomasoni, Rifat Latifi, Noel Naidoo, Dieter Weber, Lauri Handolin, Kenji Inaba, Andreas Hecker, Yuan Kuo-Ching, Carlos A Ordoñez, Sandro Rizoli, Carlos Augusto Gomes, Marc De Moya, Imtiaz Wani, Alain Chichom Mefire, Ken Boffard, Lena Napolitano, Fausto Catena
Damage control resuscitation may lead to postoperative intra-abdominal hypertension or abdominal compartment syndrome. These conditions may result in a vicious, self-perpetuating cycle leading to severe physiologic derangements and multiorgan failure unless interrupted by abdominal (surgical or other) decompression. Further, in some clinical situations, the abdomen cannot be closed due to the visceral edema, the inability to control the compelling source of infection or the necessity to re-explore (as a "planned second-look" laparotomy) or complete previously initiated damage control procedures or in cases of abdominal wall disruption...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434314/elevated-circulating-levels-of-succinate-in-human-obesity-are-linked-to-specific-gut-microbiota
#12
Carolina Serena, Victoria Ceperuelo-Mallafré, Noelia Keiran, Maria Isabel Queipo-Ortuño, Rosa Bernal, Ricardo Gomez-Huelgas, Mireia Urpi-Sarda, Mónica Sabater, Vicente Pérez-Brocal, Cristina Andrés-Lacueva, Andres Moya, Francisco J Tinahones, Jose Manuel Fernández-Real, Joan Vendrell, Sonia Fernández-Veledo
Gut microbiota-related metabolites are potential clinical biomarkers for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Circulating succinate, a metabolite produced by both microbiota and the host, is increased in hypertension, ischemic heart disease, and type 2 diabetes. We aimed to analyze systemic levels of succinate in obesity, a major risk factor for CVD, and its relationship with gut microbiome. We explored the association of circulating succinate with specific metagenomic signatures in cross-sectional and prospective cohorts of Caucasian Spanish subjects...
February 12, 2018: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427377/development-of-an-attract-and-infect-system-to-control-rhynchophorus-ferrugineus-with-the-entomopathogenic-fungus-beauveria-bassiana
#13
Ó Dembilio, Pilar Moya, Sandra Vacas, Lola Ortega-García, Enrique Quesada-Moraga, Josep A Jaques, Vicente Navarro-Llopis
BACKGROUND: A new Beauveria bassiana-based Attract and Infect Device (AID) to control Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olivier (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) was developed. The virulence and persistence of the fungal formulation used in the AID was evaluated in laboratory. Semi-field and field trials were carried out to validate results and establish the potential of this device as a control tool. RESULTS: In laboratory conditions, an LT50 of 4.33 days was obtained when adults (7-10 day-old) were exposed to the Inoculation Tunnel (IT) containing 1 × 1010 conidia/g in an oil-based fungal formulation...
February 9, 2018: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426791/collection-transport-and-general-processing-of-clinical-specimens-in-microbiology-laboratory
#14
M Isabel Sánchez-Romero, Juan Manuel García-Lechuz Moya, Juan José González López, Nieves Orta Mira
The interpretation and the accuracy of the microbiological results still depend to a great extent on the quality of the samples and their processing within the Microbiology laboratory. The type of specimen, the appropriate time to obtain the sample, the way of sampling, the storage and transport are critical points in the diagnostic process. The availability of new laboratory techniques for unusual pathogens, makes necessary the review and update of all the steps involved in the processing of the samples. Nowadays, the laboratory automation and the availability of rapid techniques allow the precision and turn-around time necessary to help the clinicians in the decision making...
February 6, 2018: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422339/pulmonary-venous-occlusion-as-a-complication-of-ablation-therapy-for-atrial-fibrillation
#15
Laura Fernández-Navarro, Elena Moya-Sánchez, Diego Segura-Rodríguez, Eduardo Ruiz-Carazo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 5, 2018: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422268/selection-of-the-best-of-2017-on-the-usefulness-of-cardiac-stimulation-in-the-treatment-of-vasovagal-syncope
#16
Gonzalo Barón-Esquivias, Carlos A Morillo, Angel Moya-Mitjans, Jesús Martínez-Alday, Ricardo Ruiz-Granell, Javier Lacunza-Ruiz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 5, 2018: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420668/the-analysis-of-the-oral-dna-virome-reveals-which-viruses-are-widespread-and-rare-among-healthy-young-adults-in-valencia-spain
#17
Vicente Pérez-Brocal, Andrés Moya
We have analysed oral wash samples from 72 healthy young adults in Valencia (Spain) for a metagenomic analysis through the construction of shotgun libraries and high-throughput-sequencing. The oral viral communities have been taxonomically characterised as well as and the gene content from the latter. The majority of viruses are found in few individuals, with single occurrences being the most widespread ones, whereas universally distributed viruses, while present, are relatively rare, with bacteriophages from families Siphoviridae and Myoviridae, and Streptococcus phages, as well as the eukaryotic viral family Herpesviridae amongst the most widespread viruses...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419954/-analysis-of-the-comorbidities-and-role-of-laparoscopy-in-recurrent-abdominal-pain
#18
V Alonso Arroyo, M Molina Mata, C Cadaval Gallardo, M J Moya Jiménez, R Granero Cendón, M Victoria Maestre, J Morcillo Azcárate
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Recurrent abdominal pain is defined as > 3 episodes of abdominal pain accompanied by affectation of the daily activity, during > 3 months. Our objective is to analyze the role of diagnostic and/or therapeutic laparoscopy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A descriptive, retrospective study from 2004 to 2016. Patients: <14 years with DAR who underwent laparoscopy. Variables: age, sex, history, surgical findings, histology and follow-up. RESULTS: 55 patients...
February 1, 2018: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412263/zika-and-aedes-aegypti-new-and-old-challenges
#19
Flávia Thedim Costa Bueno, Mónica García, José Moya, Ilana Löwy, Jaime L Benchimol, Roberta C Cerqueira, Marcos Cueto
Infection with the zika virus had a great impact not only on pregnant women and newborns, but also on public health, on popular ideas about Aedes aegypti and with respect to women's social rights. The objective of this paper is to identify this impact and the historical, social and health changes of the disease and the legacy of the zika virus. Interventions by researchers from different specialties foster conditions for more comprehensive investigations into future epidemic threats in Brazil and Latin America...
October 2017: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406349/the-role-of-extracorporeal-shockwave-treatment-in-musculoskeletal-disorders
#20
Daniel Moya, Silvia Ramón, Wolfgang Schaden, Ching-Jen Wang, Leonardo Guiloff, Jai-Hong Cheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
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