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Automated peritoneal dialysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846250/reduced-microvascular-density-in-omental-biopsies-of-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
Dorothea Burkhardt, Maria Bartosova, Betti Schaefer, Niels Grabe, Bernd Lahrmann, Hamoud Nasser, Christian Freise, Axel Schneider, Anja Lingnau, Petra Degenhardt, Bruno Ranchin, Peter Sallay, Rimante Cerkauskiene, Michal Malina, Gema Ariceta, Claus Peter Schmitt, Uwe Querfeld
BACKGROUND: Endothelial dysfunction is an early manifestation of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and consistently observed in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We hypothesized that CKD is associated with systemic damage to the microcirculation, preceding macrovascular pathology. To assess the degree of "uremic microangiopathy", we have measured microvascular density in biopsies of the omentum of children with CKD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Omental tissue was collected from 32 healthy children (0-18 years) undergoing elective abdominal surgery and from 23 age-matched cases with stage 5 CKD at the time of catheter insertion for initiation of peritoneal dialysis...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810276/-peritoneal-equilibration-test-conventional-versus-adapted-preliminary-study
#2
Ariane Zaloszyc, Claus Peter Schmitt, Betti Schaefer, Armelle Doutey, Joëlle Terzic, Soraya Menouer, Laetitia Higel, Michel Fischbach
Conventional automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) is prescribed as a repetition of cycles with the same dwell time and the same fill volume. Water and sodium balance remains a common problem among patients on peritoneal dialysis. More recently, adapted automated peritoneal dialysis was described, as a combination of short dwells with a low volume, in order to enhance ultrafiltration, followed by long dwells with a large fill volume to favor solute removal. We performed a preliminary crossover study on 4 patients...
October 31, 2016: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801488/peritoneal-dialysis-experience-of-the-department-of-pediatrics-of-the-hospital-charles-nicolle-of-tunis
#3
Manel Jellouli, Meriem Ferjani, Amal Oueslati, Kamel Abidi, Ouns Naija, Yousra Hammi, Taieb Ben Abdallah, Tahar Gargah
Introduction Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is still the most common modality used in treatment for children with End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD). The objective of this study was to identify the epidemiological, clinical, and microbiological factors affecting the outcome of PD. Methods In this study, we retrospectively reviewed the records of 85 patients who were treated with DP for the last ten years (from January 2004 to December 2013) in the Department of Pediatrics in Charles Nicolle hospital, Tunis. Results The mean duration of PD was 18...
May 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795628/swan-neck-versus-straight-peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-long-term-effect-on-patient-and-method-survival
#4
V Filiopoulos, D Biblaki, L Takouli, A Dounavis, D Hadjiyannakos, D Vlassopoulos
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is limited mainly by a higher technique failure rate as compared to hemodialysis (HD), catheter malfunction being an important reason. Intra- and extra-peritoneal catheter configuration may be associated with mechanical and infectious complications affecting method survival. We report our experience with two extra-peritoneal catheter configurations: the straight and the swan-neck (SN) catheters. A total of 85 consecutive patients, 58 males and 27 females were included in the study. Among them, 26 were diabetics; 52 were treated with automated PD (APD) and 33 with continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD)...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738089/short-dwell-cycling-intraperitoneal-cefazolin-plus-ceftazidime-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#5
Sadudee Peerapornratana, Pajaree Chariyavilaskul, Talerngsak Kanjanabuch, Kearkiat Praditpornsilpa, Somchai Eiam-Ong, Pisut Katavetin
♦ Background: Current guidelines suggest that intraperitoneal (IP) antibiotics should be administered only in a long peritoneal dialysis (PD) dwell (≥ 6 hours). The long dwell might result in low ultrafiltration and volume overload. We aim to examine plasma and dialysate concentration of cefazolin and ceftazidime after IP administration in a short-dwell (≤ 2 hours) automated cyclingexchange. ♦ Methods: Stable PD patients without peritonitis were invited to participate in the present study. Patients underwent 5 2-liter exchanges of PD fluid over 10 hours by the PD cycling machine without last fill or additional dwell...
October 13, 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680758/the-phantom-of-metformin-induced-lactic-acidosis-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-time-to-reconsider-with-peritoneal-dialysis-treatment
#6
Abdullah K Al-Hwiesh, Ibrahiem S Abdul-Rahman, Abdul-Salam Noor, Mohammed A Nasr-El-Deen, Abdalla Abdelrahman, Tamer S El-Salamony, Fahd A Al-Muhanna, Khalid M Al-Otaibi, Nehad Al-Audah
♦ Objective: Metformin continues to be the safest and most widely used antidiabetic drug. In spite of its well-known benefits; metformin use in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients is still restricted. Little has been reported about the effect of peritoneal dialysis (PD) on metformin clearance and the phantom of lactic acidosis deprives ESRD patients from metformin therapeutic advantages. Peritoneal dialysis is probably a safeguard against lactic acidosis, and it is likely that using this drug would be feasible in this group of patients...
September 28, 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659931/effect-of-balance-solution-on-the-peritoneal-membrane-in-automated-peritoneal-dialysis
#7
Tatiana De Los Ríos, Juan Pérez-Martínez, Jose Portoles, Monika Lichodziejewska-Niemierko, Maite Rivera, Michał Nowicki, Andrzej Książek, Ana María Tato, Christine Bohnhorst, Mariano Feriani
Interference of conventional peritoneal dialysis fluids (cPDFs) with peritoneal membrane cell functions may be attributed to the dialysis fluid's low pH, high glucose concentration, and/or the presence of glucose degradation products (GDPs), the last of which leads to higher levels of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs). It has been suggested that the peritoneal membrane might be better preserved by using biocompatible solutions, including cancer antigetn 125 (CA125). This prospective, open-label, multicentre, randomized, controlled, cross-over phase IV study compared the in vivo biocompatibility of a neutral-pH, low-GDP peritoneal dialysis (PD) solution (balance) with a cPDF in automated PD (APD) patients...
September 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605680/risk-factors-for-decline-of-residual-renal-function-in-children-treated-with-peritoneal-dialysis
#8
Maria Roszkowska-Blaim, Piotr Skrzypczyk
♦ BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess risk factors for residual renal function (RRF) decline in children during the first/second year of chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD). ♦ METHODS: The study group included 56 children with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) (age 10.13 ± 4.86 years), including 18 on continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD) and 38 on automated PD (APD), in whom we evaluated RRF (daily diuresis [mL/m(2)/24 h], residual glomerular filtration rate (rGFR) [mL/min/1.73 m(2)]), etiology of ESRD, PD fluid volume (mL/m(2)/24 h), glucose load (g/m(2)/24 h), ultrafiltration (mL/m(2)/24 h), peritoneal permeability (D/PCrea 4h, D/D0 Glu 4h), dialysis adequacy (twKt/V, twCCr [L/week/1...
November 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581233/acute-peritoneal-dialysis-in-a-jehovah-s-witness-post-laparotomy
#9
Usha Devi Appalsawmy, Habib Akbani
A 56-year-old man who was a Jehovah's Witness with an advanced directive against autologous procedures developed acute kidney injury needing renal replacement therapy while he was intubated and ventilated on the intensive care unit. He was being treated for hyperosmolar hyperglycaemic state. He also had a healing laparotomy wound, having undergone a splenectomy less than a month ago following a road traffic accident. His hyperkalaemia and metabolic acidosis were refractory to medical treatment. As he became oligoanuric, decision was taken to carry out acute peritoneal dialysis (PD) by inserting a Tenckhoff catheter in his abdomen using peritoneoscopic technique...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577748/cross-over-efficiency-comparison-of-different-tidal-automated-peritoneal-dialysis-schedules
#10
Alessandro Domenici, Anna Giuliani, Francesca Sivo, Clorinda Falcone, Giorgio Punzo, Paolo Menè
This study compares 5 different tidal automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) prescriptions. Six low-average and 6 high-average transporters performed 3 separate sessions with 5 different schedules: (A) 50% tidal with initial fill volume (FV) 2 liters, (B) 50% tidal with 2.2 liters initial FV, (C) 2.2 liters initial FV with 70% tidal, (D) as in B, with one complete renewal of the initial FV at midsession, (E) 2.2 liters FV with breakpoint modality. Urea, creatinine and phosphate peritoneal clearances, sodium removal and ultrafiltration (UF) were compared using analysis of variance...
August 30, 2016: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536676/peritoneal-dialysis-in-western-countries
#11
REVIEW
Dirk G Struijk
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) for the treatment of end-stage renal failure was introduced in the 1960s. Nowadays it has evolved to an established therapy that is complementary to hemodialysis (HD), representing 11% of all patients treated worldwide with dialysis. Despite good clinical outcomes and similar results in patient survival between PD and HD, the penetration of PD is decreasing in the Western world. SUMMARY: First the major events in the history of the development of PD are described...
December 2015: Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509590/peritoneal-dialysis-treatment-of-metformin-associated-lactic-acidosis-in-a-diabetic-nephropathy-patient%C3%A2
#12
Jianjun Gao, Zhaoyan Gu, Yongxing Xu, Yu Na
We report a case of metformin-associated lactic acidosis (MALA) in a 66-year-old man with end-stage renal disease on peritoneal dialysis (PD). The patient presented with severe lactic acidosis and was treated successfully with automated peritoneal dialysis (APD). During the treatment, PD solution was prepared from hemofiltration substitute fluid. The prescription was 8 cycles of 2,000 mL over 24 hours with the prepared solution, and venoclysis with sodium bicarbonate to improve the acidosis. After 3 days of treatment, his lactic acidosis was corrected...
November 2016: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435043/comparison-of-peritonitis-rates-and-patient-survival-in-automated-and-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-a-10-year-single-center-experience
#13
Wael El-Reshaid, Hanan Al-Disawy, Hossameldeen Nassef, Usama Alhelaly
Peritonitis is a common complication in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and automated peritoneal dialysis (APD). In this retrospective study, peritonitis rates and patient survival of 180 patients on CAPD and 128 patients on APD were compared in the period from January 2005 to December 2014 at Al-Nafisi Center in Kuwait. All patients had prophylactic topical mupirocin at catheter exit site. Patients on CAPD had twin bag system with Y transfer set. The peritonitis rates were 1 in 29 months in CAPD and 1 in 38 months in APD (p < 0...
September 2016: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388055/do-automated-peritoneal-dialysis-and-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-have-the-same-clinical-outcomes-a-ten-year-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#14
Chao-Hsiun Tang, Tso-Hsiao Chen, Te-Chao Fang, Siao-Yuan Huang, Kuan-Chih Huang, Yu-Ting Wu, Chia-Chen Wang, Yuh-Mou Sue
This paper reports a comprehensive comparison for mortality and technique failure rates between automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) in Taiwan. A propensity-score matched cohort study was conducted by retrieving APD and CAPD patients identified from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database between 2001 and 2010. The main outcomes were the 5-year mortality and technique failure rates. Further analyses were then carried out based upon the first (2001-2004), second (2005-2007), and third (2008-2010) sub-periods...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27318887/-peritoneal-dialysis-for-acute-renal-failure-rediscovery-of-an-old-modality-of-renal-replacement-therapy
#15
Belkacem Issad, Guy Rostoker, Corinne Bagnis, Gilbert Deray
Acute renal failure (ARF) in adults in the intensive care unit (ICU) often evolves in a context of multiple organ failure, which explains the high mortality rate and increase treatment needs. Among, two modalities of renal replacement therapy, peritoneal dialysis (PD) was the first modality used for the treatment of ARF in the 1950s. Today, while PD is generalized for chronic renal failure treatment, its use in the ICU is limited, particularly, due to the advent of new hemodialysis techniques and the development of continuous replacement therapy...
July 2016: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27315000/-fungal-peritonitis-due-to-rhodotorula-mucilaginosa-in-a-patient-with-automated-peritoneal-dialysis-literature-review
#16
Fernando J Verdugo, Eduardo Briones, Lorena Porte, José Amaro, Alberto Fica
Fungal peritonitis is a major complication of peritoneal dialysis associated with high mortality. Most survivors have a high rate of abandonment of peritoneal dialysis. We report a case of fungal peritonitis due to an unusual agent. An 83 year-old woman, with a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus and multiple episodes of bacterial peritonitis associated to technical flaws in the implementation of automated peritoneal dialysis, was admitted due to abdominal pain and cloudy peritoneal fluid. Rhodotorula mucilaginosa was identified in the peritoneal fluid by MALDI-TOF...
April 2016: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313274/chronic-peritoneal-dialysis-in-chinese-infants-and-children-younger-than-two-years
#17
Y H Chan, A Lt Ma, P C Tong, W M Lai, N Kc Tse
OBJECTIVE: To review the outcome for Chinese infants and young children on chronic peritoneal dialysis. METHODS: The Paediatric Nephrology Centre of Princess Margaret Hospital is the designated site offering chronic dialysis to children in Hong Kong. Medical records of children who started chronic peritoneal dialysis before the age of 2 years, from 1 July 1995 to 31 December 2013, were retrieved and retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Nine Chinese patients (male-to-female ratio, 3:6) were identified...
August 2016: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27282852/the-trio-trial-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-evaluating-the-effect-of-a-biocompatible-peritoneal-dialysis-solution-on-residual-renal-function
#18
Tabo Sikaneta, George Wu, Mohamed Abdolell, Anita Ng, Sara Mahdavi, Anton Svendrovski, Tony Tu, Trish Mercer, Matthew Tong, Dimitrios Oreopoulos, Paul Tam
UNLABELLED:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Residual renal function (RRF) correlates with mortality and morbidity rates in patients receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD). We examined the effect of a biocompatible PD solution (Gambrosol Trio; Gambro Lundia AB, Lund, Sweden) with lower concentrations of glucose degradation products on rates of decline in RRF. ♦ DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MEASUREMENTS: Incident patients at 2 centers in Canada and 1 in Hong Kong were randomized (by minimization) in an open-label parallel group trial to receive Gambrosol Trio or standard PD solution (Dianeal; Baxter Healthcare, Mississauga, Canada) for 2 years...
September 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27267915/prevalence-of-patients-receiving-renal-replacement-therapy-in-el-salvador-in-2014
#19
Ramón García-Trabanino, Zulma Trujillo, Ana Verónica Colorado, Salvador Magaña Mercado, Carlos Atilio Henríquez
: El Salvador has the highest renal failure mortality rate in the Americas. Five healthcare providers offer renal replacement therapy (RRT) in the country. The national RRT prevalence has never been reported. AIMS: To determine the RRT prevalence in El Salvador and some basic characteristics. METHODS: The association of nephrology coordinated a nationwide cross-sectional survey during the third quarter of 2014. 31 renal centres participated in the survey, covering 99...
November 2016: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27227956/depressive-symptoms-patient-satisfaction-and-quality-of-life-over-time-in-automated-and-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-a-prospective-multicenter-propensity-matched-study
#20
Hee-Yeon Jung, Hye Min Jang, Yang Wook Kim, Seong Cho, Hye-Young Kim, Sung-Ho Kim, Kitae Bang, Hyun Woo Kim, So Young Lee, Sang Kyung Jo, Jonghyo Lee, Ji-Young Choi, Jang-Hee Cho, Sun-Hee Park, Chan-Duck Kim, Yong-Lim Kim
Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is an important clinical outcome for dialysis patients. However, relative superiority in HRQOL between automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) are not clearly known. We compared HRQOL over time between APD and CAPD patients and evaluated factors associated with HRQOL.All 260 incident patients initiating APD or CAPD at multiple centers throughout Korea were prospectively enrolled in this study between October 2010 and February 2013...
May 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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