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Zebrafish heart

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106108/isl2b-regulates-anterior-second-heart-field-development-in-zebrafish
#1
Hagen R Witzel, Sirisha Cheedipudi, Rui Gao, Didier Y R Stainier, Gergana D Dobreva
After initial formation, the heart tube grows by addition of second heart field progenitor cells to its poles. The transcription factor Isl1 is expressed in the entire second heart field in mouse, and Isl1-deficient mouse embryos show defects in arterial and venous pole development. The expression of Isl1 is conserved in zebrafish cardiac progenitors; however, Isl1 is required for cardiomyocyte differentiation only at the venous pole. Here we show that Isl1 homologues are expressed in specific patterns in the developing zebrafish heart and play distinct roles during cardiac morphogenesis...
January 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100783/dual-functional-roles-of-molecular-beacon-a-microrna-detector-and-inhibitor
#2
Wai Ming Li, Ching-Man Chan, Andrew L Miller, Chow H Lee
MicroRNAs are essential in many cellular processes. The ability to detect microRNAs is important for understanding its function and biogenesis. This study is aimed at using a molecular beacon to detect miR-430 in developing zebrafish embryos as a proof of principle. miR-430 is crucial for the clearance of maternal mRNA during maternal zygotic transition (MZT) in embryonic development. Despite its known function, the temporal and spatial expression of miR-430 remains unclear. We used various imaging techniques, including laser scanning confocal microscopy, spinning disk and lightsheet microscopy, to study the localization of miR-430 and any developmental defects possibly caused by the molecular beacon...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098558/platelet-derived-growth-factor-pdgf-signaling-directs-cardiomyocyte-movement-toward-the-midline-during-heart-tube-assembly
#3
Joshua Bloomekatz, Reena Singh, Owen Wj Prall, Ariel C Dunn, Megan Vaughan, Chin-San Loo, Richard P Harvey, Deborah Yelon
Communication between neighboring tissues plays a central role in guiding organ morphogenesis. During heart tube assembly, interactions with the adjacent endoderm control the medial movement of cardiomyocytes, a process referred to as cardiac fusion. However, the molecular underpinnings of this endodermal-myocardial relationship remain unclear. Here, we show an essential role for platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (Pdgfra) in directing cardiac fusion. Mutation of pdgfra disrupts heart tube assembly in both zebrafish and mouse...
January 18, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097653/prolongation-of-somitogenesis-in-two-anguilliform-species-the-japanese-eel-anguilla-japonica-and-pike-eel-muraenesox-cinereus-with-refined-descriptions-of-their-early-development
#4
T Kawakami, Y Yamada, S Tanaka, K Tsukamoto
The embryonic development of the Japanese eel Anguilla japonica and pike eel Muraenesox cinereus was morphologically investigated with laboratory-reared specimens to clarify the characteristics of somitogenesis. In A. japonica, somites were first observed at 18 h post fertilization (hpf) when epiboly reached 90%. Somitogenesis progressed at a rate of 1·6 h(-1) at mean ± s.d. 22·6 ± 0·7° C and completed at 107 hpf (3 days post hatching; dph) when total number of somites (ST) reached 114, which corresponds to the species' number of vertebrae (112-119)...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087459/wnt-signaling-balances-specification-of-the-cardiac-and-pharyngeal-muscle-fields
#5
Amrita Mandal, Andrew Holowiecki, Yuntao Charlie Song, Joshua S Waxman
Canonical Wnt/β-catenin (Wnt) signaling plays multiple conserved roles during fate specification of cardiac progenitors in developing vertebrate embryos. Although lineage analysis in ascidians and mice has indicated there is a close relationship between the cardiac second heart field (SHF) and pharyngeal muscle (PM) progenitors, the signals underlying directional fate decisions of the cells within the cardio-pharyngeal muscle field in vertebrates are not yet understood. Here, we examined the temporal requirements of Wnt signaling in cardiac and PM development...
January 10, 2017: Mechanisms of Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067629/standardized-echocardiographic-assessment-of-cardiac-function-in-normal-adult-zebrafish-and-heart-disease-models
#6
Louis W Wang, Inken G Huttner, Celine F Santiago, Scott H Kesteven, Ze-Yan Yu, Michael P Feneley, Diane Fatkin
The zebrafish (Danio rerio) is an increasingly popular model organism in cardiovascular research. Major insights into cardiac developmental processes have been gained by studies of embryonic zebrafish. However, the utility of zebrafish for modeling adult-onset heart disease has been limited by a lack of robust methods for in vivo evaluation of cardiac function. We established a physiological protocol for underwater zebrafish echocardiography using high frequency ultrasound, and evaluated its reliability in detecting altered cardiac function in two disease models...
January 1, 2017: Disease Models & Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063710/the-presence-of-mwcnts-reduces-developmental-toxicity-of-pfos-in-early-life-stage-of-zebrafish
#7
Shutao Wang, Changlu Zhuang, Jia Du, Chuan Wu, Hong You
Both carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) are used widely. There is considerable concern regarding their ecotoxicity. CNTs might interact with PFOS in water and result in different impacts compared with those after single exposures. To our knowledge, the developmental toxicity of PFOS in the presence of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in the early life stage of zebrafish (from 3 h post fertilization (hpf) to 96 hpf) was investigated for the first time in this study. The embryos and larvae were exposed to PFOS (0...
January 4, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034617/cochlear-hair-cell-regeneration-after-noise-induced-hearing-loss-does-regeneration-follow-development
#8
REVIEW
Fei Zheng, Jian Zuo
Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) affects a large number of military personnel and civilians. Regenerating inner-ear cochlear hair cells (HCs) is a promising strategy to restore hearing after NIHL. In this review, we first summarize recent transcriptome profile analysis of zebrafish lateral lines and chick utricles where spontaneous HC regeneration occurs after HC damage. We then discuss recent studies in other mammalian regenerative systems such as pancreas, heart and central nervous system. Both spontaneous and forced HC regeneration occurs in mammalian cochleae in vivo involving proliferation and direct lineage conversion...
December 26, 2016: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008423/flnc-gene-splice-mutations-cause-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#9
Rene L Begay, Charles A Tharp, August Martin, Sharon L Graw, Gianfranco Sinagra, Daniela Miani, Mary E Sweet, Dobromir B Slavov, Neil Stafford, Molly J Zeller, Rasha Alnefaie, Teisha J Rowland, Francesca Brun, Kenneth L Jones, Katherine Gowan, Luisa Mestroni, Deborah M Garrity, Matthew R G Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To identify novel dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) causing genes, and to elucidate the pathological mechanism leading to DCM by utilizing zebrafish as a model organism. BACKGROUND: DCM, a major cause of heart failure, is frequently familial and caused by a genetic defect. However, only 50% of DCM cases can be attributed to a known DCM gene variant, motivating the ongoing search for novel disease genes. METHODS: We performed whole exome sequencing (WES) in two multigenerational Italian families and one US family with arrhythmogenic DCM without skeletal muscle defects, in whom prior genetic testing had been unrevealing...
August 2016: JACC. Basic to Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999267/zebrafish-as-a-vertebrate-model-system-to-evaluate-effects-of-environmental-toxicants-on-cardiac-development-and-function
#10
REVIEW
Swapnalee Sarmah, James A Marrs
Environmental pollution is a serious problem of the modern world that possesses a major threat to public health. Exposure to environmental pollutants during embryonic development is particularly risky. Although many pollutants have been verified as potential toxicants, there are new chemicals in the environment that need assessment. Heart development is an extremely sensitive process, which can be affected by environmentally toxic molecule exposure during embryonic development. Congenital heart defects are the most common life-threatening global health problems, and the etiology is mostly unknown...
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998020/identification-characterization-and-expression-of-sarcomeric-tropomyosin-isoforms-in-zebrafish
#11
Dipak K Dube, Syamalima Dube, Lynn Abbott, Jushuo Wang, Yingli Fan, Ruham Alshiekh-Nasany, Kalpesh K Shah, Alexander P Rudloff, Bernard J Poiesz, Jean M Sanger, Joseph W Sanger
Tropomyosin is a component of thin filaments that constitute myofibrils, the contractile apparatus of striated muscles. In vertebrates, except for fish, four TPM genes TPM1, TPM2, TPM3, and TPM4 are known. In zebrafish, there are six TPM genes that include the paralogs of the TPM1 (TPM1-1 & TPM1-2), the paralogs of the TPM4 gene (TPM4-1 & TPM4-2), and the two single copy genes TPM2 and TPM3. In this study, we have identified, cloned, and sequenced the TPM1-1κ isoform of the TPM1-1 gene and also discovered a new isoform TPM1-2ν of the TPM1-2...
December 20, 2016: Cytoskeleton
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993976/osteocrin-a-peptide-secreted-from-the-heart-and-other-tissues-contributes-to-cranial-osteogenesis-and-chondrogenesis-in-zebrafish
#12
Ayano Chiba, Haruko Watanabe-Takano, Kenta Terai, Hajime Fukui, Takahiro Miyazaki, Mami Uemura, Hisashi Hashimoto, Masahiko Hibi, Shigetomo Fukuhara, Naoki Mochizuki
The heart is an endocrine organ, as cardiomyocytes (CMs) secrete natriuretic peptide (NP) hormones. Since the discovery of NPs, no other peptide hormones that affect remote organs have been identified from the heart. We identified osteocrin (Ostn) as an osteogenesis/chondrogenesis regulatory hormone secreted from CMs in zebrafish. ostn mutant larvae exhibit impaired membranous and chondral bone formation. The impaired bones were recovered by CM-specific overexpression of OSTN. We analyzed the parasphenoid (ps) as a representative of membranous bones...
January 15, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978793/generation-of-alzheimer-s-disease-transgenic-zebrafish-expressing-human-app-mutation-under-control-of-zebrafish-appb-promotor
#13
Yun-Zhu Pu, Liang Liang, Ai-Ling Fu, Yan Liu, Lan Sun, Qian Li, Dan Wu, Man-Ji Sun, Ying-Ge Zhang, Bao-Quan Zhao
Amyloid peptide precursor (APP) as the precursor protein of peptide beta-amyloid (β-amyloid, Aβ), which is thought to play a central role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), also has an important effect on the development and progression of AD. Through knocking-in APP gene in animals, numerous transgenic AD models have been set up for the investigation of the mechanisms behind AD pathogenesis and the screening of anti-AD drugs. However, there are some limitations to these models and here is a need for such an AD model that is economic as well as has satisfactory genetic homology with human...
December 1, 2016: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960377/a-neutralized-noncharged-polyethylenimine-based-system-for-efficient-delivery-of-sirna-into-heart-without-toxicity
#14
Fang Wang, Lu Gao, Liu-Yi Meng, Jing-Ming Xie, Jing-Wei Xiong, Ying Luo
Cationic polymers constitute an important class of materials in development of delivery vehicles for nucleic acid-based therapeutics. Among them, polyethylenimine (PEI) has been a classical cationic carrier intensively studied for therapeutic delivery of DNA, RNA, and short RNA molecules to treat diseases. However, the development of PEI for in vivo applications has been hampered by the inherent problems associated with the material, particularly its cytotoxicity and the instability of the nucleic acid complexation systems formed via electrostatic interactions...
December 14, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957850/comparative-toxicogenomic-responses-to-the-flame-retardant-mitp-in-developing-zebrafish
#15
Derik E Haggard, Siba R Das, Robert L Tanguay
Monosubstituted isopropylated triaryl phosphate (mITP) is a major component of Firemaster 550, an additive flame retardant mixture commonly used in polyurethane foams. Developmental toxicity studies in zebrafish established mITP as the most toxic component of FM 550, which causes pericardial edema and heart looping failure. Mechanistic studies showed that mITP is an aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) ligand; however, the cardiotoxic effects of mITP were independent of the AhR. We performed comparative whole genome transcriptomics in wild-type and ahr2(hu3335) zebrafish, which lack functional ahr2, to identify transcriptional signatures causally involved in the mechanism of mITP-induced cardiotoxicity...
December 13, 2016: Chemical Research in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940156/tbx20-drives-cardiac-progenitor-formation-and-cardiomyocyte-proliferation-in-zebrafish
#16
Fei Lu, Adam Langenbacher, Jau-Nian Chen
Tbx20 is a T-box transcription factor that plays essential roles in the development and maintenance of the heart. Although it is expressed by cardiac progenitors in all species examined, an involvement of Tbx20 in cardiac progenitor formation in vertebrates has not been previously described. Here we report the identification of a zebrafish tbx20 mutation that results in an inactive, truncated protein lacking any functional domains. The cardiac progenitor population is strongly diminished in this mutant, leading to the formation of a small, stretched-out heart...
January 15, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929112/chromatin-remodelling-factor-brg1-regulates-myocardial-proliferation-and-regeneration-in-zebrafish
#17
Chenglu Xiao, Lu Gao, Yu Hou, Congfei Xu, Nannan Chang, Fang Wang, Keping Hu, Aibin He, Ying Luo, Jun Wang, Jinrong Peng, Fuchou Tang, Xiaojun Zhu, Jing-Wei Xiong
The zebrafish possesses a remarkable capacity of adult heart regeneration, but the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. Here we report that chromatin remodelling factor Brg1 is essential for adult heart regeneration. Brg1 mRNA and protein are induced during heart regeneration. Transgenic over-expression of dominant-negative Xenopus Brg1 inhibits the formation of BrdU(+)/Mef2C(+) and Tg(gata4:EGFP) cardiomyocytes, leading to severe cardiac fibrosis and compromised myocardial regeneration. RNA-seq and RNAscope analyses reveal that inhibition of Brg1 increases the expression of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors such as cdkn1a and cdkn1c in the myocardium after ventricular resection; and accordingly, myocardial-specific expression of dn-xBrg1 blunts myocardial proliferation and regeneration...
December 8, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927712/nucleoside-diphosphate-kinase-c-suppresses-camp-formation-in-human-heart-failure
#18
Issam H Abu-Taha, Jordi Heijman, Hans-Jörg Hippe, Nadine M Wolf, Ali El-Armouche, Viacheslav O Nikolaev, Marina Schäfer, Christina Würtz, Stefan Neef, Niels Voigt, István Baczkó, András Varró, Marion Müller, Benjamin Meder, Hugo A Katus, Katharina Spiger, Christiane Vettel, Lorenz H Lehmann, Johannes Backs, Edward Y Skolnik, Susanne Lutz, Dobromir Dobrev, Thomas Wieland
BACKGROUND: -Chronic heart failure (HF) is associated with altered signal transduction via β-adrenoceptors and G proteins, and with reduced cAMP formation. Nucleoside diphosphate kinases (NDPKs) are enriched at the plasma membrane of end-stage HF patients, but the functional consequences of this are largely unknown, particularly for NDPK-C. Here, we investigated the potential role of NDPK-C in cardiac cAMP formation and contractility. METHODS: -Real-time PCR, (Far) Western blot, immunoprecipitation, and immunocytochemistry were used to study the expression, interaction with G proteins, and localization of NDPKs...
December 7, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924582/modeling-rasopathies-with-genetically-modified-mouse-models
#19
Isabel Hernández-Porras, Carmen Guerra
The RAS/MAPK signaling pathway plays key roles in development, cell survival and proliferation, as well as in cancer pathogenesis. Molecular genetic studies have identified a group of developmental syndromes, the RASopathies, caused by germ line mutations in this pathway. The syndromes included within this classification are neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), Noonan syndrome (NS), Noonan syndrome with multiple lentigines (NS-ML, formerly known as LEOPARD syndrome), Costello syndrome (CS), cardio-facio-cutaneous syndrome (CFC), Legius syndrome (LS, NF1-like syndrome), capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation syndrome (CM-AVM), and hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF) type 1...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918706/effects-of-gaba-neural-regulation-and-intrinsic-cardiac-factors-on-heart-rate-variability-in-zebrafish-larvae
#20
Rafael Antonio Vargas
Heart rate (HR) is a periodic activity that is variable over time due to intrinsic cardiac factors and extrinsic neural control, largely by the autonomic nervous system. Heart rate variability (HRV) is analyzed by measuring consecutive beat-to-beat intervals. This variability can contain information about the factors regulating cardiac activity under normal and pathological conditions, but the information obtained from such analyses is not yet fully understood. In this article, HRV in zebrafish larvae was evaluated under normal conditions and under the effect of substances that modify intrinsic cardiac activity and cardiac activity modulated by the nervous system...
December 5, 2016: Zebrafish
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