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Zebrafish heart

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656436/comparative-analysis-of-the-toxicity-of-gold-nanoparticles-in-zebrafish
#1
Srinath Patibandla, Yinan Zhang, Ali Mohammad Tohari, Peng Gu, James Reilly, Yu Chen, Xinhua Shu
The use of nanoparticles - particles that range in size from 1 to 100 nm - has become increasingly prevalent in recent years, bringing with it a variety of potential toxic effects. Zebrafish embryos were exposed during the 3 day postfertilization period to gold nanospheres (GNSs), gold nanorods (GNRs), GNRs coated with polystyrene sulphate (PSS-GNRs) and GNRs coated with both PSS and polyallamine hydrochloride (PAH-PSS-GNRs). All nanorods were stabilized with cetyltrimethylammonium bromide. GNSs were the least toxic of the nanoparticles studied, with exposure resulting in no significant changes in mortality, hatching or heart rate...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655910/cardiac-voltage-gated-sodium-channel-expression-and-electrophysiological-characterization-of-the-sodium-current-in-the-zebrafish-danio-rerio-ventricle
#2
Jaakko Haverinen, Minna Hassinen, Hanna Korajoki, Matti Vornanen
Na+ channel α-subunit composition of the zebrafish heart and electrophysiological properties of Na+ current (INa ) of zebrafish ventricular myocytes were examined. Eight Na+ channel α-subunits were expressed in both atrium and ventricle of the zebrafish heart. Nav 1.5Lb, an orthologue to the human Nav 1.5, was clearly the predominant isoform in both chambers representing 65.2 ± 4.1% and 83.1 ± 2.1% of all Na+ channel transcripts in atrium and ventricle, respectively. Nav 1.4b, an orthologue to human Nav 1...
April 12, 2018: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653073/a-zebrafish-heart-failure-model-for-assessing-therapeutic-agents
#3
Xiao-Yu Zhu, Si-Qi Wu, Sheng-Ya Guo, Hua Yang, Bo Xia, Ping Li, Chun-Qi Li
Heart failure is a leading cause of death and the development of effective and safe therapeutic agents for heart failure has been proven challenging. In this study, taking advantage of larval zebrafish, we developed a zebrafish heart failure model for drug screening and efficacy assessment. Zebrafish at 2 dpf (days postfertilization) were treated with verapamil at a concentration of 200 μM for 30 min, which were determined as optimum conditions for model development. Tested drugs were administered into zebrafish either by direct soaking or circulation microinjection...
March 20, 2018: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644996/simultaneous-lineage-tracing-and-cell-type-identification-using-crispr-cas9-induced-genetic-scars
#4
Bastiaan Spanjaard, Bo Hu, Nina Mitic, Pedro Olivares-Chauvet, Sharan Janjuha, Nikolay Ninov, Jan Philipp Junker
A key goal of developmental biology is to understand how a single cell is transformed into a full-grown organism comprising many different cell types. Single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) is commonly used to identify cell types in a tissue or organ. However, organizing the resulting taxonomy of cell types into lineage trees to understand the developmental origin of cells remains challenging. Here we present LINNAEUS (lineage tracing by nuclease-activated editing of ubiquitous sequences)-a strategy for simultaneous lineage tracing and transcriptome profiling in thousands of single cells...
April 9, 2018: Nature Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643696/heart-regeneration-in-adult-mammals-after-myocardial-damage
#5
REVIEW
Baiping Cui, Yufan Zheng, Lihua Sun, Ting Shi, Ziyu Shi, Lijue Wang, Guoying Huang, Ning Sun
Heart regeneration remains a critical question in current basic research and clinical practice. The adult mammalian heart exhibits a very limited regeneration capacity. In contrast, adult zebrafish and neonatal mice retain a remarkable ability of heart regeneration after damage. Understanding the mechanisms of heart regeneration would be very valuable to help design efficient treatment strategies against myocardial damage and heart failure. While inherent regeneration of the heart occurs after damage with varying efficiency among species, regeneration may also be induced exogenously...
March 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610343/transient-fibrosis-resolves-via-fibroblast-inactivation-in-the-regenerating-zebrafish-heart
#6
Héctor Sánchez-Iranzo, María Galardi-Castilla, Andrés Sanz-Morejón, Juan Manuel González-Rosa, Ricardo Costa, Alexander Ernst, Julio Sainz de Aja, Xavier Langa, Nadia Mercader
In the zebrafish ( Danio rerio ), regeneration and fibrosis after cardiac injury are not mutually exclusive responses. Upon cardiac cryoinjury, collagen and other extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins accumulate at the injury site. However, in contrast to the situation in mammals, fibrosis is transient in zebrafish and its regression is concomitant with regrowth of the myocardial wall. Little is known about the cells producing this fibrotic tissue or how it resolves. Using novel genetic tools to mark periostin b - and collagen 1alpha2 ( col1a2 )-expressing cells in combination with transcriptome analysis, we explored the sources of activated fibroblasts and traced their fate...
April 2, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596928/cardiac-safety-evaluation-in-zebrafish-and-in-silico-adme-prediction-of-cephalosporins-with-an-aminothiazoyl-ring-at-the-c-7-position
#7
Ying Han, Bo Chen, Jingpu Zhang, Changqin Hu
Systems toxicology approaches have been used as important tools in the drug discovery and medicine quality control processes. The aim of this study was to assess the pharmacokinetic and toxicity properties of cephalosporins with an aminothiazoyl ring at the C-7 position (CATRs). Cardiac toxicity of the compounds was assessed in zebrafish embryos, and it was determined that CATRs disturbed the formation and development of the heart in a dose-dependent manner. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) related to the heart were also identified by transcriptome analysis, and co-DEGs were obtained in the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network...
March 26, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577999/acute-stress-alters-the-rates-of-degradation-of-cardiac-muscle-proteins
#8
Bethany Geary, Kieran Magee, Phillip Cash, Holger Husi, Iain S Young, Phillip D Whitfield, Mary K Doherty
Stressful experiences can have detrimental effects on many aspects of health and wellbeing. The zebrafish (Danio rerio) is a widely used model for stress research and a stress phenotype can be induced by manipulating the environmental conditions and social interactions. In this study we have combined a zebrafish stress model with the measurement of degradation rates of soluble cardiac muscle proteins. The results showed that the greater the stress response in the zebrafish the lower the level of overall protein degradation...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575980/atrazine-affects-craniofacial-chondrogenesis-and-axial-skeleton-mineralization-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio
#9
Benjamin S Walker, Alexander G Kramer, Christopher S Lassiter
Atrazine is a commonly used herbicide that has previously been implicated as an endocrine-disrupting compound. Previous studies have shown that estrogenic endocrine-disrupting compounds affect the development of the heart, cartilage, and bone in zebrafish ( Danio rerio). To determine whether atrazine has effects similar to other endocrine disruptors, zebrafish embryos were treated with a range of atrazine concentrations. Atrazine treatment at a low concentration of 0.1 µM resulted in significant differences in craniofacial cartilage elements, while concentrations ≥1 µM led to decreased survival and increased heart rates...
January 1, 2018: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574550/light-sheet-imaging-to-elucidate-cardiovascular-injury-and-repair
#10
REVIEW
Yichen Ding, Juhyun Lee, Jeffrey J Hsu, Chih-Chiang Chang, Kyung In Baek, Sara Ranjbarvaziri, Reza Ardehali, René R Sevag Packard, Tzung K Hsiai
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Real-time 3-dimensional (3-D) imaging of cardiovascular injury and regeneration remains challenging. We introduced a multi-scale imaging strategy that uses light-sheet illumination to enable applications of cardiovascular injury and repair in models ranging from zebrafish to rodent hearts. RECENT FINDINGS: Light-sheet imaging enables rapid data acquisition with high spatiotemporal resolution and with minimal photo-bleaching or photo-toxicity. We demonstrated the capacity of this novel light-sheet approach for scanning a region of interest with specific fluorescence contrast, thereby providing axial and temporal resolution at the cellular level without stitching image columns or pivoting illumination beams during one-time imaging...
March 24, 2018: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560825/uncovering-the-regeneration-strategies-of-zebrafish-organs-a-comprehensive-systems-biology-study-on-heart-cerebellum-fin-and-retina-regeneration
#11
Fang-Yu Liu, Te-Cheng Hsu, Patrick Choong, Min-Hsuan Lin, Yung-Jen Chuang, Bor-Sen Chen, Che Lin
BACKGROUND: Regeneration is an important biological process for the restoration of organ mass, structure, and function after damage, and involves complex bio-physiological mechanisms including cell differentiation and immune responses. We constructed four regenerative protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks using dynamic models and AIC (Akaike's Information Criterion), based on time-course microarray data from the regeneration of four zebrafish organs: heart, cerebellum, fin, and retina...
March 19, 2018: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560280/micro-rnas-are-involved-in-activation-of-epicardium-during-zebrafish-heart-regeneration
#12
Marcello Ceci, Claudia Carlantoni, Maria Azzurra Missinato, Davide Bonvissuto, Bruna Di Giacomo, Riccardo Contu, Nicla Romano
Zebrafish could be an interesting translational model to understand and improve the post-infarction trial and possible regeneration in humans. The adult zebrafish is able to regenerate efficiently after resecting nearly 20% of the ventricular apex. This process requires the concert activation of the epicardium and endocardium, as well as trans-differentiation of pre-existing cardiomyocytes that together replace the lost tissue. The molecular mechanisms involved in this activation process are not completely clarified...
2018: Cell Death Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553538/following-endocardial-tissue-movements-via-cell-photoconversion-in-the-zebrafish-embryo
#13
Renee Wei-Yan Chow, Paola Lamperti, Emily Steed, Francesco Boselli, Julien Vermot
During embryogenesis, cells undergo dynamic changes in cell behavior, and deciphering the cellular logic behind these changes is a fundamental goal in the field of developmental biology. The discovery and development of photoconvertible proteins have greatly aided our understanding of these dynamic changes by providing a method to optically highlight cells and tissues. However, while photoconversion, time-lapse microscopy, and subsequent image analysis have proven to be very successful in uncovering cellular dynamics in organs such as the brain or the eye, this approach is generally not used in the developing heart due to challenges posed by the rapid movement of the heart during the cardiac cycle...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551495/temporal-and-spatial-expression-of-fgfbp-genes-in-zebrafish
#14
Yana Li, Shuna Sun, Zhiwen Ding, Chunjie Yang, Guoping Zhang, Qiu Jiang, Yunzeng Zou
Fibroblast growth factor binding proteins (FGFBPs) are a class of secreted proteoglycans that function as an extracellular chaperone for locally stored FGFs and enhance FGF signaling. To date, all three human FGFBP genes have been identified and one orthologue fgfbp1a has been studied in zebrafish embryos. Here, we described the cloning and expression patterns of four novel FGFBP orthologues in zebrafish, fgfbp1b, fgfbp2a, fgfbp2b, and fgfbp3. Quantitative PCR and whole-mount in situ hybridization results showed that all transcripts except fgfbp2a are initially expressed in a maternal manner...
March 15, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545747/cardiac-glycoside-glucoevatromonoside-induces-cancer-type-specific-cell-death
#15
Naira F Z Schneider, Claudia Cerella, Jin-Young Lee, Aloran Mazumder, Kyung Rok Kim, Annelise de Carvalho, Jennifer Munkert, Rodrigo M Pádua, Wolfgang Kreis, Kyu-Won Kim, Christo Christov, Mario Dicato, Hyun-Jung Kim, Byung Woo Han, Fernão C Braga, Cláudia M O Simões, Marc Diederich
Cardiac glycosides (CGs) are natural compounds used traditionally to treat congestive heart diseases. Recent investigations repositioned CGs as potential anticancer agents. To discover novel cytotoxic CG scaffolds, we selected the cardenolide glucoevatromonoside (GEV) out of 46 CGs for its low nanomolar anti-lung cancer activity. GEV presented reduced toxicity toward non-cancerous cell types (lung MRC-5 and PBMC) and high-affinity binding to the Na+ /K+ -ATPase α subunit, assessed by computational docking...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545372/tbx20-regulates-angiogenesis-through-the-prok2-prokr1-pathway
#16
Shu Meng, Qilin Gu, Xiaojie Yang, Jie Lv, Iris Owusu, Gianfranco Matrone, Kaifu Chen, John P Cooke, Longhou Fang
Background -Angiogenesis is integral for embryogenesis, and targeting angiogenesis improves the outcome of many pathological conditions in patients. TBX20 is a crucial transcription factor for embryonic development, and its deficiency is associated with congenital heart disease. However, the role of TBX20 in angiogenesis has not been described. Methods -Loss- and gain-of-function approaches were used to explore the role of TBX20 in angiogenesis both in vitro and in vivo Angiogenesis gene array was used to identify key downstream targets of TBX20...
March 15, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540468/genetic-reduction-in-left-ventricular-protein-kinase-c-%C3%AE-and-adverse-ventricular-remodeling-in-human-subjects
#17
Ray Hu, Michael P Morley, Jeffrey Brandimarto, Nathan R Tucker, Victoria A Parsons, Sihai D Zhao, Benjamin Meder, Hugo A Katus, Frank Rühle, Monika Stoll, Eric Villard, François Cambien, Honghuang Lin, Nicholas L Smith, Janine F Felix, Ramachandran S Vasan, Pim van der Harst, Christopher Newton-Cheh, Jin Li, Cecilia E Kim, Hakon Hakonarson, Sridhar Hannenhalli, Euan A Ashley, Christine S Moravec, W H Wilson Tang, Marjorie Maillet, Jeffery D Molkentin, Patrick T Ellinor, Kenneth B Margulies, Thomas P Cappola
BACKGROUND: Inhibition of PKC-α (protein kinase C-α) enhances contractility and cardioprotection in animal models, but effects in humans are unknown. Genotypes at rs9912468 strongly associate with PRKCA expression in the left ventricle, enabling genetic approaches to measure effects of reduced PKC-α in human populations. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed the cis expression quantitative trait locus for PRKCA marked by rs9912468 using 313 left ventricular specimens from European Ancestry patients...
March 2018: Circulation. Genomic and precision medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538649/slit-robo-signalling-in-heart-development
#18
Juanjuan Zhao, Mathilda T M Mommersteeg
The Slit ligands and their Robo receptors are well-known for their roles during axon guidance in the central nervous system, but are still relatively unknown in the cardiac field. However, data from different animal models suggest a broad involvement of the pathway in many aspects of heart development, from cardiac cell migration and alignment, lumen formation, chamber formation, to the formation of the ventricular septum, semilunar and atrioventricular valves, caval veins and pericardium. Absence of one or more of the genes in the pathway results in defects ranging from bicuspid aortic valves to ventricular septal defects and abnormal venous connections to the heart...
March 10, 2018: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534001/the-popeye-domain-containing-genes-and-their-function-as-camp-effector-proteins-in-striated-muscle
#19
REVIEW
Thomas Brand
The Popeye domain containing (POPDC) genes encode transmembrane proteins, which are abundantly expressed in striated muscle cells. Hallmarks of the POPDC proteins are the presence of three transmembrane domains and the Popeye domain, which makes up a large part of the cytoplasmic portion of the protein and functions as a cAMP-binding domain. Interestingly, despite the prediction of structural similarity between the Popeye domain and other cAMP binding domains, at the protein sequence level they strongly differ from each other suggesting an independent evolutionary origin of POPDC proteins...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523871/gata4-as-a-novel-regulator-involved-in-the-development-of-the-neural-crest-and-craniofacial-skeleton-via-barx1
#20
Shuyu Guo, Yuxin Zhang, Tingting Zhou, Dongyue Wang, Yajuan Weng, Qi Chen, Junqing Ma, Yi-Ping Li, Lin Wang
The role of GATA-binding protein 4 (GATA4) in neural crest cells (NCCs) is poorly defined. Here we showed that mouse NCCs lacking GATA4 exhibited developmental defects in craniofacial bone, teeth, and heart. The defects likely occurred due to decreased cell proliferation at the developmental stage. The in vitro results were consistent with the mouse model. The isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation assay revealed that BARX1 is one of the differentially expressed proteins after GATA4 knockdown in NCCs...
March 9, 2018: Cell Death and Differentiation
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