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Zebrafish heart

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035434/zebrafish-larvae-model-of-dilated-cardiomyopathy-induced-by-terfenadine
#1
Gyojeong Gu, Yirang Na, Hyewon Chung, Seung Hyeok Seok, Hae Young Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dilated cardiomyopathy can be the end-stage of severe cardiac disorders and directly affects the cardiac muscle, inducing cardiomegaly and heart failure (HF). Although a wide variety of animal models are available to study dilated cardiomyopathy, there is no model to assess dilated cardiomyopathy with non-invasive, simple, and large screening methods. METHODS: We developed a dilated cardiomyopathy model in zebrafish larvae using short duration terfenadine, a known cardiotoxic drug that induces ventricular size dilation...
September 20, 2017: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024245/hace1-influences-zebrafish-cardiac-development-via-ros-dependent-mechanisms
#2
Babak Razaghi, Shelby L Steele, Sergey V Prykhozhij, Matthew R Stoyek, Jessica A Hill, Matthew D Cooper, Lindsay McDonald, William Lin, Mads Daugaard, Nicolas Crapoulet, Simi Chacko, Stephen Lewis, Ian C Scott, Poul H B Sorensen, Jason N Berman
BACKGROUND: In this study we reveal a previously undescribed role of the HACE1 (HECT domain and Ankyrin repeat Containing E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase 1) tumor suppressor protein in normal vertebrate heart development using the zebrafish (Danio rerio) model. We examined the link between the cardiac phenotypes associated with hace1 loss of function to the expression of the Rho small family GTPase, rac1, which is a known target of HACE1 and promotes ROS production via its interaction with NADPH oxidase holoenzymes...
October 11, 2017: Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018170/temperature-activated-ion-channels-in-neural-crest-cells-confer-maternal-fever-associated-birth-defects
#3
Mary R Hutson, Anna L Keyte, Miriam Hernández-Morales, Eric Gibbs, Zachary A Kupchinsky, Ioannis Argyridis, Kyle N Erwin, Kelly Pegram, Margaret Kneifel, Paul B Rosenberg, Pavle Matak, Luke Xie, Jörg Grandl, Erica E Davis, Nicholas Katsanis, Chunlei Liu, Eric J Benner
Birth defects of the heart and face are common, and most have no known genetic cause, suggesting a role for environmental factors. Maternal fever during the first trimester is an environmental risk factor linked to these defects. Neural crest cells are precursor populations essential to the development of both at-risk tissues. We report that two heat-activated transient receptor potential (TRP) ion channels, TRPV1 and TRPV4, were present in neural crest cells during critical windows of heart and face development...
October 10, 2017: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016128/acute-toxicity-teratogenic-and-estrogenic-effects-of-bisphenol-a-and-its-alternative-replacements-bisphenol-s-bisphenol-f-and-bisphenol-af-in-zebrafish-embryo-larvae
#4
John Moreman, Okhyun Lee, Maciej Trznadel, Arthur David, Tetsuhiro Kudoh, Charles R Tyler
Bisphenol A (BPA), a chemical incorporated into plastics and resins, has estrogenic activity and is associated with adverse health effects in humans and wildlife. Similarly-structured BPA analogues are widely used but far less is known about their potential toxicity or estrogenic activity in vivo. We undertook the first comprehensive analysis on the toxicity and teratogenic effects of the bisphenols BPA, BPS, BPF and BPAF in zebrafish embryo-larvae and an assessment on their estrogenic mechanisms in an estrogen-responsive transgenic fish Tg(ERE:Gal4ff)(UAS:GFP)...
October 10, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994774/establishment-of-larval-zebrafish-as-an-animal-model-to-investigate-trypanosoma-cruzi-motility-in-vivo
#5
Veronica Akle, Nathalie Agudelo-Dueñas, Maria A Molina-Rodriguez, Laurel Brianne Kartchner, Annette Marie Ruth, John M González, Manu Forero-Shelton
Chagas disease is a parasitic infection caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, whose motility is not only important for localization, but also for cellular binding and invasion. Current animal models for the study of T. cruzi allow limited observation of parasites in vivo, representing a challenge for understanding parasite behavior during the initial stages of infection in humans. This protozoan has a flagellar stage in both vector and mammalian hosts, but there are no studies describing its motility in vivo.The objective of this project was to establish a live vertebrate zebrafish model to evaluate T...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982700/re-evaluating-functional-landscape-of-the-cardiovascular-system-during-development
#6
Norio Takada, Madoka Omae, Fumihiko Sagawa, Neil C Chi, Satsuki Endo, Satoshi Kozawa, Thomas N Sato
The cardiovascular system facilitates body-wide distribution of oxygen, a vital process for development and survival of virtually all vertebrates. However, zebrafish, a vertebrate model organism, appears to form organs and survive mid-larval periods without the functional cardiovascular system. Despite such dispensability, it is the first organ to develop. Such enigma prompted us to hypothesize yet other cardiovascular functions that are important for developmental and/or physiological processes. Hence, systematic cellular ablations and functional perturbations are performed on zebrafish cardiovascular system to gain comprehensive and body-wide understanding of such functions and to elucidate underlying mechanisms...
October 5, 2017: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982536/hoxa1-targets-signaling-pathways-during-neural-differentiation-of-es-cells-and-mouse-embryogenesis
#7
Bony De Kumar, Hugo J Parker, Ariel Paulson, Mark E Parrish, Julia Zeitlinger, Robb Krumlauf
Hoxa1 has important functional roles in neural crest specification, hindbrain patterning and heart and ear development, yet the enhancers and genes that are targeted by Hoxa1 are largely unknown. In this study, we performed a comprehensive analysis of Hoxa1 target genes using genome-wide Hoxa1 binding data in mouse ES cells differentiated with retinoic acid (RA) into neural fates in combination with differential gene expression analysis in Hoxa1 gain- and loss-of-function mouse and zebrafish embryos. Our analyses reveal that Hoxa1-bound regions show epigenetic marks of enhancers, occupancy of Hox cofactors and differential expression of nearby genes, suggesting that these regions are enriched for enhancers...
October 2, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979788/zebrafish-heart-regeneration-15-years-of-discoveries
#8
REVIEW
Juan Manuel González-Rosa, Caroline E Burns, C Geoffrey Burns
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. Compared to other organs such as the liver, the adult human heart lacks the capacity to regenerate on a macroscopic scale after injury. As a result, myocardial infarctions are responsible for approximately half of all cardiovascular related deaths. In contrast, the zebrafish heart regenerates efficiently upon injury through robust myocardial proliferation. Therefore, deciphering the mechanisms that underlie the zebrafish heart's endogenous regenerative capacity represents an exciting avenue to identify novel therapeutic strategies for inducing regeneration of the human heart...
June 2017: Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962524/cardiac-and-metabolic-effects-of-dietary-selenomethionine-exposure-in-adult-zebrafish
#9
Connor M Pettem, Lynn P Weber, David M Janz
Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient involved in important metabolic functions for all vertebrate species. As Se is reported to have a narrow margin between essentiality and toxicity, there is growing concern surrounding the adverse effects of elevated Se exposure caused by anthropogenic activities. Recent studies have reported that elevated dietary exposure of fish to selenomethionine (Se-Met) can alter aerobic metabolic capacity, energetics and swimming performance. This study aims to further investigate mechanisms of sublethal Se-Met toxicity, particularly potential underlying cardiovascular implications of chronic exposure to environmentally relevant concentrations of dietary Se-Met in adult zebrafish (Danio rerio)...
October 1, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961509/developmental-toxicity-and-cardiac-effects-of-butyl-benzyl-phthalate-in-zebrafish-embryos
#10
Guijin Sun, Kechun Liu
Phthalic acid esters (PAEs), commonly called phthalates, have become ubiquitous environment pollutants. Studies have focused on reproductive toxicity, neurotoxicity, teratogenicity, tumourigenesis, and mutagenesis of phthalates. However, relatively little is known about the phthalates effects on the heart. Butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP), a member of PAEs, is classified by the US Environmental Protection Agency as a priority environmental pollutant. We studied the developmental toxicity of BBP, especially its effects on the heart development, in zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos...
September 22, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950101/tension-creates-an-endoreplication-wavefront-that-leads-regeneration-of-epicardial-tissue
#11
Jingli Cao, Jinhu Wang, Christopher P Jackman, Amanda H Cox, Michael A Trembley, Joseph J Balowski, Ben D Cox, Alessandro De Simone, Amy L Dickson, Stefano Di Talia, Eric M Small, Daniel P Kiehart, Nenad Bursac, Kenneth D Poss
Mechanisms that control cell-cycle dynamics during tissue regeneration require elucidation. Here we find in zebrafish that regeneration of the epicardium, the mesothelial covering of the heart, is mediated by two phenotypically distinct epicardial cell subpopulations. These include a front of large, multinucleate leader cells, trailed by follower cells that divide to produce small, mononucleate daughters. By using live imaging of cell-cycle dynamics, we show that leader cells form by spatiotemporally regulated endoreplication, caused primarily by cytokinesis failure...
September 25, 2017: Developmental Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950096/regeneration-tensed-up-polyploidy-takes-the-lead
#12
Zoltán Spiró, Carl-Philipp Heisenberg
The cellular mechanisms allowing tissues to efficiently regenerate are not fully understood. In this issue of Developmental Cell, Cao et al. (2017) discover that during zebrafish heart regeneration, epicardial cells at the leading edge of regenerating tissue undergo endoreplication, possibly due to increased tissue tension, thereby boosting their regenerative capacity.
September 25, 2017: Developmental Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940692/dpff-1-transcription-factor-deficiency-causes-the-aberrant-activation-of-mpk-1-and-meiotic-defects-in-the-caenorhabditis-elegans-germline
#13
Emmanuel Villanueva-Chimal, Laura S Salinas, Laura P Fernández-Cardenas, Gabriela Huelgas-Morales, Alejandro Cabrera-Wrooman, Rosa E Navarro
The d4 family of transcription factors consists of three members in mammals. DPF1/neuro-d4 is expressed mainly in neurons and the peripheral nervous system, and is important for brain development. DPF2/requiem/ubi-d4 is expressed ubiquitously and presumably functions as an apoptotic factor, especially during the deprivation of trophic factors. DPF3/cer-d4 is expressed in neurons and in the heart, and is important for heart development and function in zebrafish. In Drosophila, there is only one member, dd4, whose function is still unknown, but it is expressed in many tissues and is particularly abundant in the brain of developing embryos and in adults...
September 23, 2017: Genesis: the Journal of Genetics and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928472/a-high-conductance-chemo-optogenetic-system-based-on-the-vertebrate-channel-trpa1b
#14
Pui-Ying Lam, Suresh K Mendu, Robert W Mills, Baohui Zheng, Hugo Padilla, David J Milan, Bimal N Desai, Randall T Peterson
Optogenetics is a powerful research approach that allows localized optical modulation of selected cells within an animal via the expression of genetically encoded photo-excitable ion channels. Commonly used optogenetic techniques rely on the expression of microbial opsin variants, which have many excellent features but suffer from various degrees of blue spectral overlap and limited channel conductance. Here, we expand the optogenetics toolbox in the form of a tunable, high-conductance vertebrate cation channel, zTrpa1b, coupled with photo-activated channel ligands, such as optovin and 4g6...
September 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928018/cardio-respirometry-disruption-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio-embryos-exposed-to-hydraulic-fracturing-flowback-and-produced-water
#15
Erik J Folkerts, Tamzin A Blewett, Yuhe He, Greg G Goss
Hydraulic fracturing to extract oil and natural gas reserves is an increasing practice in many international energy sectors. Hydraulic fracturing flowback and produced water (FPW) is a hyper saline wastewater returned to the surface from a fractured well containing chemical species present in the initial fracturing fluid, geogenic contaminants, and potentially newly synthesized chemicals formed in the fracturing well environment. However, information on FPW toxicological mechanisms of action remain largely unknown...
September 16, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922741/genomic-and-biochemical-characterization-of-sialic-acid-acetylesterase-siae-in-zebrafish
#16
Viola Ravasio, Eufemia Damiati, Daniela Zizioli, Flavia Orizio, Edoardo Giacopuzzi, Marta Manzoni, Roberto Bresciani, Giuseppe Borsani, Eugenio Monti
Sialic acid acetylesterase (SIAE) removes acetyl moieties from the carbon 9 and 4 hydroxyl groups of sialic acid and recently a debate has been opened on its association to autoimmunity. Trying to get new insights on this intriguing enzyme we have studied siae in zebrafish (Danio rerio). In this teleost siae encodes for a polypeptide with a high degree of sequence identity to human and mouse counterparts. Zebrafish Siae behavior upon transient expression in COS7 cells is comparable to human enzyme concerning pH optimum of enzyme activity, subcellular localization and glycosylation...
October 1, 2017: Glycobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915434/neutralization-of-viral-infectivity-by-zebrafish-c-reactive-protein-isoforms
#17
Melissa Bello-Perez, Alberto Falco, Regla Medina-Gali, Patricia Pereiro, Jose Antonio Encinar, Beatriz Novoa, Luis Perez, Julio Coll
This work explores the unexpected in vivo and in vitro anti-viral functions of the seven c-reactive protein (crp1-7) genes of zebrafish (Danio rerio). First results showed heterogeneous crp1-7 transcript levels in healthy wild-type zebrafish tissues and organs and how those levels heterogeneously changed not only after bacterial but also after viral infections, including those in adaptive immunity-deficient rag1(-/-) mutants. As shown by microarray hybridization and proteomic techniques, crp2/CRP2 and crp5/CRP5 transcripts/proteins were among the most modulated during in vivo viral infection situations including the highest responses in the absence of adaptive immunity...
September 12, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911200/homozygous-eef1a2-mutation-causes-dilated-cardiomyopathy-failure-to-thrive-global-developmental-delay-epilepsy-and-early-death
#18
Siqi Cao, Laura L Smith, Sergio R Padilla-Lopez, Brandon S Guida, Elizabeth Blume, Jiahai Shi, Sarah U Morton, Catherine A Brownstein, Alan H Beggs, Michael C Kruer, Pankaj B Agrawal
Eukaryotic elongation factor 1A (EEF1A), is encoded by two distinct isoforms, EEF1A1 and EEF1A2; whereas EEF1A1 is expressed almost ubiquitously, EEF1A2 expression is limited such that it is only detectable in skeletal muscle, heart, brain and spinal cord. Currently, the role of EEF1A2 in normal cardiac development and function is unclear. There have been several reports linking de novo dominant EEF1A2 mutations to neurological issues in humans. We report a pair of siblings carrying a homozygous missense mutation p...
September 15, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880281/a-right-handed-signalling-pathway-drives-heart-looping-in-vertebrates
#19
Oscar H Ocaña, Hakan Coskun, Carolina Minguillón, Prayag Murawala, Elly M Tanaka, Joan Galcerán, Ramón Muñoz-Chápuli, M Angela Nieto
Most animals show external bilateral symmetry, which hinders the observation of multiple internal left-right (L/R) asymmetries that are fundamental to organ packaging and function. In vertebrates, left identity is mediated by the left-specific Nodal-Pitx2 axis that is repressed on the right-hand side by the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) inducer Snail1 (refs 3, 4). Despite some existing evidence, it remains unclear whether an equivalent instructive pathway provides right-hand-specific information to the embryo...
September 6, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877873/the-in-vitro-zebrafish-heart-as-a-model-to-investigate-the-chronotropic-effects-of-vapor-anesthetics
#20
Matthew R Stoyek, Michael K Schmidt, Florentin M Wilfart, Roger P Croll, Frank M Smith
In addition to their intended clinical actions, all general anesthetic agents in common use have detrimental intra- and post-surgical side effects on organs and systems including the heart. The major cardiac side effect of anesthesia is bradycardia, which increases the probability of insufficient systemic perfusion during surgery. These side effects also occur in all vertebrate species so far examined, but the underlying mechanisms are not clear. The zebrafish heart is a powerful model for studying cardiac electrophysiology, employing the same pacemaker system and neural control as do mammalian hearts...
September 6, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
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