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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079582/landmark-guided-and-ultrasound-guided-approaches-for-trochanteric-bursa-injection-a-cadaveric-study
#1
Alex Mu, Philip Peng, Anne Agur
BACKGROUND: Trochanteric bursa (TB) injection with local anesthetic and corticosteroid is a treatment for patients suffering from greater trochanteric pain syndrome. Both landmark (LM)-guided and ultrasound (US)-guided methods have been used, but their accuracies have not been determined. This study examined the accuracy of these injections with cadaveric dissection. METHODS: Twenty-four hip specimens were randomized to receive TB injections with methylene blue under either LM-guided or US-guided approach...
January 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039889/sonoanatomy-and-pathology-of-the-posterior-band-of-the-gluteus-medius-tendon
#2
Douglas F Hoffman, Jay Smith
Greater trochanteric pain syndrome is a common clinical entity that most often results from disorders of the gluteus medius tendon. There are two distinct bands of the gluteus medius tendon, and abnormalities may affect the anterior or posterior band in isolation or simultaneously. Although abnormalities of the anterior band are more common, awareness and sonographic detection of posterior band abnormalities is essential to guide treatment in the setting of greater trochanteric pain syndrome.
December 31, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013434/the-effect-of-local-injection-of-methylprednisolone-acetate-on-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-among-patients-with-greater-trochanteric-pain-syndrome
#3
George Habib, Shada Elias, Muhanned Abu-Elhaija, Fahed Sakas, Fadi Khazin, Suheil Artul, Adel Jabbour, Haneen Jabaly-Habib
Greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS) is a common clinical entity for which the most effective treatment is local corticosteroid injection (LCI). There are no studies on the effect of LCI among patients with GTPS on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. The present study recruited nonselected patients diagnosed with GTPS. After consenting, participants received low dose (1 μg) of adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH) stimulation test at 09:00. Immediately following the test, participants received a LCI of 80 mg of methylprednisolone acetate at the greater trochanteric region...
December 24, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951482/pain-not-structural-impairments-may-explain-activity-limitations-in-people-with-gluteal-tendinopathy-or-hip-osteoarthritis-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Angela Fearon, Teresa Neeman, Paul Smith, Jennie Scarvell, Jill Cook
QUESTION: What are the functional differences between people with greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GT), hip osteoarthritis (OA) or an asymptomatic population as measured by walking, Time Up and Go, single leg standing and strength? DESIGN: Cross sectional study with blinded measurers. PARTICIPANTS: 38 participants with GT, 20 with end stage hip OA and 21 asymptomatic healthy control (AS) participants. All participants were women. OUTCOME MEASURES: Pain (numeric rating scale), Walking speed (m/s), cadence (steps/min) and step length (m) measured via the 10m walk test and the Timed Up and Go; balance via single leg stance (s) duration; and hip abduction, adduction, medial and lateral rotation strength, standardized to body mass (BM) via the body mass average index (BMavg), measured via a wall mounted dynamometer...
December 5, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943098/incidence-of-greater-trochanteric-pain-syndrome-in-patients-suspected-for-femoroacetabular-impingement-evaluated-using-magnetic-resonance-arthrography-of-the-hip
#5
Grazia Pozzi, Ezio Lanza, Cleber Garcia Parra, Ilaria Merli, Luca Maria Sconfienza, Alberto Zerbi
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the incidence of greater trochanter pain syndrome (GTPS) in patients who underwent magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA) of the hip for a suspected femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome. METHODS: Hip MRA performed at our institution (3/2012-1/2014) were reviewed. The absence/presence of FAI (cam, pincer, and mixed) was noted. GTPS diagnosis was based on gluteus medius/minimus tendinopathy/tears, trochanteric bursitis, fascia lata thickening, and trochanter bone oedema/erosion...
December 9, 2016: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900509/conversion-of-hip-fusion-to-total-hip-arthroplasty-clinical-radiological-outcomes-and-complications-in-40-hips
#6
Mustafa Celiktas, Ozkan Kose, Adil Turan, Ferhat Guler, Cagri Ors, Emre Togrul
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this retrospective study is to report the clinical and radiological outcome of total hip arthroplasty in patients with previous hip arthrodesis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 28 (40 hips) prospectively followed patients in whom ankylosed hips were converted to total hip arthroplasty (THA) between 2010 and 2014 in our institution. The average age at the time of the conversion operation was 40.8 ± 9.8 years (range 24-62)...
November 29, 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837208/low-dose-external-beam-radiotherapy-for-greater-trochanteric-pain-syndrome-target-volume-definition-and-treatment-outcome
#7
Alexander Kaltenborn, Ulrich Martin Carl, Tanja Hinsche, Mirko Nitsche, Robert Michael Hermann
PURPOSE: Low-dose external beam radiotherapy (ED-EBRT) is frequently used in the therapy of refractory greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS). As studies reporting treatment results are scarce, we retrospectively analyzed our own patient collectives. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, 60 patients (74 hips) received LD-EBRT (6 × 0.5 Gy in 29 hips, 6 × 1 Gy in 45). The endpoint was the patient's reported subjective response to treatment. The influence of different patient and treatment characteristics on treatment outcome was investigated...
November 11, 2016: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834675/conservative-treatments-for-greater-trochanteric-pain-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#8
Paul A Barratt, Nathan Brookes, Annalisa Newson
BACKGROUND: Greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS) can have a significant effect on quality of life. AIM: To evaluate the conservative treatments for GTPS. DESIGN: This systematic review assessed risk of bias using the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool and Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool for non-randomised studies of interventions. DATA SOURCES: On 13 January 2016, a comprehensive search was conducted, with no limit on year of publication for relevant studies in the MEDLINE, CINAHL, AMED and EMBASE databases...
November 10, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817994/favorable-early-results-of-impaction-bone-grafting-with-reinforcement-mesh-for-the-treatment-of-paprosky-3b-acetabular-defects
#9
Bradford S Waddell, Friedrich Boettner, Alejandro Gonzalez Della Valle
BACKGROUND: We present the early institutional experience with the use of impaction bone grafting, mesh augmentation, and cement fixation of an all-polyethylene cup for the treatment of Paprosky 3B acetabular defects during revision total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: Between 2005 and 2014, 21 patients (9 men, 12 women) with Paprosky 3B acetabular defects who underwent revision total hip arthroplasty using this technique were reviewed clinically and radiographically...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780509/subtrochanteric-osteoid-osteoma-a-misdiagnosed-case-complicated-by-a-hip-fracture
#10
N K Sferopoulos
A 34-year-old man with a subtrochanteric osteoid osteoma localized to the lateral cortex of the left femur is reported. The patient presented with mild spontaneous pain of the lateral thigh and knee. He refused a radiographic examination and was treated as a greater trochanteric pain syndrome for 9 months. He was then admitted with a transcervical fracture of the neck of the left femur after a fall from standing height. The fracture was fixed with 3 cannulated screws and healed uneventfully. His symptoms worsened after the first postoperative year...
October 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777922/abductor-reconstruction-with-gluteus-maximus-transfer-in-primary-abductor-deficiency-during-total-hip-arthroplasty
#11
Se Ang Jang, Young Ho Cho, Young Soo Byun, Tae Hoe Gu
Abductor deficiency in native hip joint may cause severe limping and pain. It is more serious situation in case of arthroplasty due to instability and recurrent dislocation. Well-known causes of abductor deficiency are repeated surgery, chronic trochanteric bursitis, superior gluteal nerve injury, failure of repair of abductor tendon insertion to the greater trochanter. Author had experienced primary abductor deficiency during total hip replacement and treated successfully with the transfer of gluteus maximus...
September 2016: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768218/varus-will-have-varus-a-radiological-study-to-assess-and-predict-varus-stem-placement-in-uncemented-femoral-stems
#12
Colin G Murphy, Michel P Bonnin, Antoine H Desbiolles, Yannick Carrillon, Tarik Aїt Si Selmi
BACKGROUND: Varus inclination of the uncemented stem is not necessarily a technical error. The proximal femoral anatomy of hips with a coxa vara deformity frequently predisposes varus inclination. METHODS: We reviewed a series of 200 patients undergoing primary uncemented THA with the Corail® hip system. Preoperative data were based on patient demographics, diagnosis, and radiographic information (preoperative templating-CT measurements), and compared postoperative alignment for each stem and type of stem used...
November 10, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757285/the-clinical-functional-and-biomechanical-presentation-of-patients-with-symptomatic-hip-abductor-tendon-tears
#13
Jay R Ebert, Theertha Retheesh, Rinky Mutreja, Gregory C Janes
BACKGROUND: Hip abductor tendon (HAT) tearing is commonly implicated in greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS), though limited information exists on the disability associated with this condition and specific presentation of these patients. PURPOSE: To describe the clinical, functional and biomechanical presentation of patients with symptomatic HAT tears. Secondary purposes were to investigate the association between these clinical and functional measures, and to compare the pain and disability reported by HAT tear patients to those with end-stage hip osteoarthritis (OA)...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726744/sports-injuries-about-the-hip-what-the-radiologist-should-know
#14
Tarek M Hegazi, Jeffrey A Belair, Eoghan J McCarthy, Johannes B Roedl, William B Morrison
Injuries of the hip and surrounding structures represent a complex and commonly encountered scenario in athletes, with improper diagnosis serving as a cause of delayed return to play or progression to a more serious injury. As such, radiologists play an essential role in guiding management of athletic injuries. Familiarity with hip anatomy and the advantages and limitations of various imaging modalities is of paramount importance for accurate and timely diagnosis. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is often the modality of choice for evaluating many of the injuries discussed, although preliminary evaluation with conventional radiography and use of other imaging modalities such as ultrasonography (US), computed tomography, and bone scintigraphy may be supplementary or preferred in certain situations...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720182/plate-fixation-in-periprosthetic-femur-fractures-vancouver-type-b1-trochanteric-hook-plate-or-subtrochanterical-bicortical-locking
#15
Mark Lenz, Karl Stoffel, Heike Kielstein, Keith Mayo, Gunther O Hofmann, Boyko Gueorguiev
INTRODUCTION: Proximal plate fixation in periprosthetic femur fractures can be improved by plate anchorage in the greater trochanter (lateral tension band principle) or bicortical locking screw placement beside the prosthesis stem in an embracement configuration. Both concepts were compared in a biomechanical test using a femoral hook plate (hook) or a locking attachment plate (LAP). METHODS: After bone mineral density (BMD) measurement in the greater trochanter, six pairs of fresh frozen human femora were assigned to two groups and instrumented with cemented hip endoprostheses...
December 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716459/study-of-the-bone-behavior-around-a-neck-preserving-short-stem-implant-bone-densitometric-analysis-over-a-span-of-two-years
#16
Tarek Abdel Shafy, Adel Sayed, Ahmed H Abdelazeem
PURPOSE: Study the bone mineral density (BMD) changes and the remodelling process after implantation of a neck preserving short stem implant over a period of two years. METHODS: Using specific patients' selection criterion, a prospective study was done including 26 patients. All were operated upon by a single surgeon using the MiniHipTM, (Corin, Cirencester, UK). Mean age was 42.5 years. Clinical and radiological evaluation was done. Periprosthetic bone density was measured by DEXA...
2016: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663654/greater-trochanteric-pain-syndrome-percutaneous-tendon-fenestration-versus-platelet-rich-plasma-injection-for-treatment-of-gluteal-tendinosis
#17
Jon A Jacobson, Corrie M Yablon, P Troy Henning, Irene S Kazmers, Andrew Urquhart, Brian Hallstrom, Asheesh Bedi, Aishwarya Parameswaran
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare ultrasound-guided percutaneous tendon fenestration to platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection for treatment of greater trochanteric pain syndrome. METHODS: After Institutional Review Board approval was obtained, patients with symptoms of greater trochanteric pain syndrome and ultrasound findings of gluteal tendinosis or a partial tear (<50% depth) were blinded and treated with ultrasound-guided fenestration or autologous PRP injection of the abnormal tendon...
November 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659396/the-direct-anterior-approach-for-hip-revision-accessing-the-entire-femoral-diaphysis-without-endangering-the-nerve-supply
#18
Michael M Nogler, Martin R Thaler
BACKGROUND: The direct anterior approach (DAA) to the hip has been criticized as an approach that is limited to primary arthroplasty only. Our study objective was to demonstrate, in a cadaveric setting, that an alternate extension of the DAA can be used to reach the femur at the posterior border of the lateral vastus muscle without endangering the nerve supply. METHODS: The iliotibial tract is split anteriorly and pulled laterally, thereby opening the interval to the lateral-posterior aspect of the vastus muscle...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652085/the-choice-of-internal-fixator-for-fractures-around-the-femoral-trochanter-depends-on-area-classification
#19
Hiroaki Kijima, Shin Yamada, Natsuo Konishi, Hitoshi Kubota, Hiroshi Tazawa, Takayuki Tani, Norio Suzuki, Keiji Kamo, Yoshihiko Okudera, Ken Sasaki, Tetsuya Kawano, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Yoichi Shimada
PURPOSE: In femoral trochanteric fractures, fractures whose fracture lines extend to the basal neck or to the subtrochanteric part have high instability. Area classification can identify such instable fractures. The best choices of internal fixators for femoral trochanteric fractures were investigated according to area classification. METHODS: Femoral trochanteric fractures were investigated with respect to area classification. In area classification, the proximal femur is divided into 4 areas with 3 boundary lines: Line-1 is the center of the neck; Line-2 is the border between the neck and the trochanteric zone; and Line-3 links the inferior borders of the greater and lesser trochanters...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536653/occult-intertrochanteric-fracture-mimicking-the-fracture-of-greater-trochanter
#20
Phil Hyun Chung, Suk Kang, Jong Pil Kim, Young Sung Kim, Ho Min Lee, In Hwa Back, Kyeong Soo Eom
PURPOSE: Occult intertrochanteric fractures are misdiagnosed as isolated greater trochanteric fractures in some cases. We investigated the utility of three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis and outcome management of occult intertrochanteric fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study involved 23 cases of greater trochanteric fractures as diagnosed using plain radiographs from January 2004 to July 2013...
June 2016: Hip & Pelvis
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