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ankle Arthroscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409096/ankle-arthroscopy-with-microfracture-for-osteochondral-defects-of-the-talus
#1
Suman Medda, Ian M Al'Khafaji, Aaron T Scott
Therapeutic arthroscopy with microfracture leads to fibrocartilaginous repair and is an effective treatment of osteochondral lesions of the talus. A full diagnostic arthroscopy is performed, and then attention is turned to the osteochondral defect. We describe in detail patient positioning, ankle distraction, portal placement, steps of the diagnostic arthroscopy, and the technique of microfracture. We then discuss the special considerations to be taken regarding the use of a distractor, protection of neurovascular structures, and the indications for microfracture...
February 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400871/results-of-arthroscopic-ankle-arthrodesis-with-fixation-using-two-parallel-headless-compression-screws-in-a-heterogenic-group-of-patients
#2
Lukas Kolodziej, Boguslaw Sadlik, Sebastian Sokolowski, Andrzej Bohatyrewicz
BACKGROUND: As orthopedic surgeons become skilled in ankle arthroscopy technique and evidence -based data is supporting its use, arthroscopic ankle arthrodesis (AAA) will likely continue to increase, but stabilization methods have not been described clearly. We present a technique for two parallel 7.3-mm headless compression screws fixation (HCSs) for AAA in cases of ankle arthritis with different etiology, both traumatic and non-traumatic, including neuromuscular and inflammatory patients...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399633/value-of-tourniquet-use-in-anterior-ankle-arthroscopy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Damjan Dimnjaković, Pero Hrabač, Ivan Bojanić
BACKGROUND: A tourniquet is usually used during anterior ankle arthroscopy to allow for improved visibility and reduced operation time. However, this has not been demonstrated to be true in clinical studies on knee arthroscopy, while limited tourniquet time has been described as a possible factor to lower the complication rate of ankle arthroscopy. The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to examine the effect of tourniquet use on arthroscopic visualization, operative time, postoperative intra-articular bleeding, postoperative pain scores, and outcome of anterior ankle arthroscopy...
April 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394631/activity-level-and-function-2-years-after-anterior-talofibular-ligament-repair-a-comparison-between-arthroscopic-repair-and-open-repair-procedures
#4
Hong Li, Yinghui Hua, Hongyun Li, Kui Ma, Shengkun Li, Shiyi Chen
BACKGROUND: The open modified Broström anatomic repair technique is widely accepted as the reference standard for lateral ankle stabilization. Despite recent increases in publications regarding arthroscopic repair of the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) for treatment of chronic ankle instability, research is lacking that compares the functional outcomes between arthroscopic repair and open repair procedures for chronic ankle instability. PURPOSE: To compare function and activity level after arthroscopic repair versus open repair of the ATFL in patients with lateral ankle instability...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259751/cadaver-study-of-anatomic-landmark-identification-for-placing-ankle-arthroscopy-portals
#5
B Scheibling, G Koch, P Clavert
BACKGROUND: Arthroscopy-assisted surgery is now widely used at the ankle for osteochondral lesions of the talus, anterior and posterior impingement syndromes, talocrural or subtalar fusion, foreign body removal, and ankle instability. Injuries to the vessels and nerves may occur during these procedures. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether ultrasound topographic identification of vulnerable structures decreased the risk of iatrogenic injuries to vessels, nerves, and tendons and influenced the distance separating vulnerable structures from the arthroscope introduced through four different portals...
May 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224076/decompression-of-posterior-ankle-impingement-with-concomitant-anterior-ankle-pathology-by-posterior-ankle-arthroscopy-in-the-supine-position
#6
Tun Hing Lui
Posterior ankle endoscopy is a safe and effective approach for treatment of posterior ankle impingement. This is usually performed with the patient in prone position. The purpose of this technical note is to describe an arthroscopic approach of decompression of posterior ankle impingement with the patient in supine position. This is indicated if there is posterior ankle impingement together with other ankle pathology requiring anterior ankle arthroscopy. This approach allows treatment of both anterior ankle and posterior ankle pathology with the patient in the supine position...
October 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214465/acute-and-chronic-lateral-ankle-instability-diagnosis-management-and-new-concepts
#7
REVIEW
Rachel Shakked, Steven Sheskier
Lateral ankle instability is a common entity that can result in degenerative arthritis if left untreated. Acute ligament injuries should primarily be treated nonoperatively with a course of physical therapy and functional bracing. Chronic ankle instability is defined as mechanical or functional and can be diagnosed using a combination of history, physical examination, stress radiographs, and magnetic resonance imaging. After failure of nonoperative treatment, surgical treatment with anatomic ligament repair and inferior extensor retinaculum augmentation has the best clinical outcomes...
January 2017: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193142/subtalar-arthroscopy-and-fluoroscopy-in-percutaneous-fixation-of-intra-articular-calcaneal-fractures
#8
Gin Way Law, Nicholas Eng Meng Yeo, William Yeo, Kevin Koo, Keen Wai Chong
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous fixation of intra-articular calcaneal fractures is traditionally assisted only by intraoperative fluoroscopy. Previous studies have demonstrated that the additional use of subtalar arthroscopy in anatomical reduction of the posterior calcaneal facet of the subtalar joint for less complex calcaneal fractures yielded positive results up to 2-year follow-up. This study aims to investigate long-term outcomes of these patients using similar evaluation parameters...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177647/comprehensive-assessment-of-ankle-syndesmosis-injury-using-3d-isotropic-turbo-spin-echo-sequences-diagnostic-performance-compared-with-that-of-conventional-and-oblique-3-t-mri
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Minchul Kim, Yun Sun Choi, Min Sun Jeong, Mira Park, Tong Jin Chun, Jin Su Kim, Ki Won Young
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic performance of 3D sampling perfection with application-optimized contrasts using different flip angle evolution (SPACE) sequences in the evaluation of ankle syndesmosis injuries, compared with that of conventional orthogonal MRI and oblique proton density-weighted turbo spin-echo (TSE) sequences performed with 3-T MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 98 patients with suspected ankle syndesmosis injuries who underwent both MRI and surgery...
April 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160934/arthroscopic-quantification-of-syndesmotic-instability-in-a-cadaveric-model
#10
Ross Feller, Todd Borenstein, Amanda J Fantry, Roy Bradley Kellum, Jason T Machan, Florian Nickisch, Brad Blankenhorn
PURPOSE: To investigate whether arthroscopy or stress radiography can identify instability resulting from single-ligament injury of the ankle syndesmosis and to determine whether either modality is capable of differentiating between various levels of ligament injury. METHODS: Syndesmotic/deltoid ligament sectioning was performed in 10 cadaver legs. Arthroscopic evaluation and fluoroscopic stress testing were completed after each sectioning. In group 1 (n = 5), sectioning began with anteroinferior tibiofibular ligament (AITFL), then interosseous membrane (IOM), posteroinferior tibiofibular ligament (PITFL), and deltoid...
February 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159047/localized-pigmented-villonodular-synovitis-of-the-ankle-expect-the-unexpected
#11
Ozren Kubat, Ivan Bojanić, Tomislav Smoljanović
BACKGROUND: We present the technique, results and discuss arthroscopic treatment of the localized form of pigmented villonodular synovitis (LPVNS) of the ankle. METHODS: Medical records of five patients diagnosed and treated for ankle LPVNS with a minimum five-year followup were retrospectively reviewed. All patients were treated arthroscopically, altered synovial tissue was resected and a sample of tissue was sent for pathohistological examination for the definitive diagnosis...
March 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159036/current-concepts-review-arthroscopic-treatment-of-anterior-ankle-impingement
#12
REVIEW
Keir A Ross, Christopher D Murawski, Niall A Smyth, Ruben Zwiers, Johannes I Wiegerinck, Christiaan J A van Bergen, Cornelis Niek van Dijk, John G Kennedy
Anterior ankle impingement is a common cause of chronic ankle pain, particularly in athletic populations. Morris and McMurray provided the earliest descriptions of anterior impingement, coining the condition as "athlete's ankle" or "footballer's ankle". The pathology has since been a topic of considerable investigation and has been re-termed "anterior ankle impingement syndrome". Treatment with open surgery has provided good results historically, but at the price of significant complications. Advancements in ankle arthroscopy have decreased the risk of complication drastically and evidence in the literature indicates that anterior arthroscopy is an effective approach to treating osseous and soft tissue impingement...
March 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149727/arthroscopic-taloplasty-for-an-anterolateral-snapping-ankle
#13
Tun Hing Lui
Anterior ankle snapping syndrome is rare. Snapping of the extensor digitorum longus due to attenuated inferior extensor retinaculum and snapping due to hypertrophied or low-lying peroneal tertius muscle have been reported. We reported a new mechanism of anterolateral snapping due to a hypertrophied talar head. Anterolateral snapping ankle can be revealed by active dorsiflexion and plantarflexion of the ankle with the foot inverted. Foot inversion will tension the inferior extensor retinaculum and uncover the dorsolateral prominence of the talar head...
December 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116268/pseudoaneurysm-of-the-posterior-tibial-artery-following-removal-of-tibial-plate-a-rare-case
#14
Salman Ghaffari, Hossein Farsavian, Seyed Mohamad Mehdi Daneshpoor, Masoud Shayesteh
INTRODUCTION: Pseudoaneurysm is a rare complication reported after any surgery such as ORIF of fracture, plate removal, ankle or knee arthroscopy or arthroplasty. To our knowledge, pseudoaneurysms of the posterior tibial artery after tibial plate removal are a rare phenomenon. We report a case of a 18-year-old male patient who had pseudoaneurysm of posterior tibial artery following plate removal. CASE PRESENTATION: A 18-year-old male was referred to our outpatient clinic because of mass-like lesion in his left calf...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092978/variability-in-foot-and-ankle-case-volume-in-orthopaedic-residency-training
#15
Steven F DeFroda, Joseph A Gil, Brad D Blankenhorn, Alan H Daniels
Surgical case volume during orthopaedic surgical residency is a concern among trainees and program directors alike. With an ongoing trend toward further subspecialization and the rapid development of new techniques and devices, the breadth of procedures that residents are exposed to continues to increase. Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education surgical case logs from 2009 to 2013 for graduating orthopaedic surgery residents were examined to assess the national averages of orthopaedic procedures logged by graduating orthopaedic surgery residents in the leg/ankle and foot/toes categories...
January 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049595/is-the-arthroscopic-transillumination-test-effective-in-localizing-the-superficial-peroneal-nerve
#16
Thos Harnroongroj, Bavornrit Chuckpaiwong
PURPOSE: To evaluate the transillumination test in showing the position of the superficial peroneal nerve (SPN) to quantify the effectiveness of this test. METHODS: Prospectively, we selected 53 ankle arthroscopy patients (71 patients were excluded because of the invisible SPN). Demographic data including gender, weight, height, and body mass index were recorded. The intraoperative transillumination test was performed during portal establishment and recorded as positive if the SPN was visible via transillumination...
March 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042750/pseudo-aneurysm-a-rare-complication-of-ankle-arthroscopy
#17
Mathew Davis, David Brooks, William Bryceson
A 53-year-old woman underwent arthroscopic ankle debridement for posttraumatic arthrofibrosis 2 years following a bimalleolar ankle fracture. Twelve months postarthroscopy, the patient returned to physical therapy with a 2-week history of pain and prominent swelling to her anterior ankle. Urgent follow-up was arranged with an orthopaedic surgeon, who ordered a radiograph and magnetic resonance imaging, which demonstrated a large heterogeneous mass. Doppler ultrasound was also ordered and confirmed the mass to be a pseudo-aneurysm of the anterior tibial artery...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033291/adductor-canal-block-versus-femoral-nerve-block-combined-with-sciatic-nerve-block-as-an-anesthetic-technique-for-hindfoot-and-ankle-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-noninferiority-trial
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Han Bum Joe, Ho Sik Choo, Ji Sang Yoon, Sang Eon Oh, Jae Ho Cho, Young Uk Park
BACKGROUND: A femoral nerve block (FNB) in combination with a sciatic nerve block (SNB) is commonly used for anesthesia and analgesia in patients undergoing hindfoot and ankle surgery. The effects of FNB on motor function, related fall risk, and rehabilitation are controversial. An adductor canal block (ACB) potentially spares motor fibers in the femoral nerve, but the comparative effect on hindfoot and ankle surgeries between the 2 approaches is not yet well defined. We hypothesized that compared to FNB, ACB would cause less weakness in the quadriceps and produce similar pain scores during and after the operation...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013325/intra-articular-pathologies-associated-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#19
Henryk Liszka, Paweł Depukat, Artur Gądek
Chronic ankle instability causes intra-articular lesions, which may lead to secondary degenerative changes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of the ankle arthroscopy for the evaluation and treatment of intra-articular pathologies associated with chronic ankle instability. Between January 2013 and March 2016, 25 anterior ankle arthroscopies with modi ed anatomic Broström-Duquennoy-Tourne lateral ankle ligaments reconstructions were performed. In arthroscopy all patients (100%) had some intra-articular pathologies: 75% synovitis or so tissue scarring, 19% - deep chondral defect, 56% - superficial chondral lesion, 52% - osteophytes, 24% - bony or avulsion fragments, 20% - loose bodies...
2016: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989355/knee-shoulder-and-fundamentals-of-arthroscopic-surgery-training-validation-of-a-virtual-arthroscopy-simulator
#20
Josef N Tofte, Brian O Westerlind, Kevin D Martin, Brian L Guetschow, Bastián Uribe-Echevarria, Chamnanni Rungprai, Phinit Phisitkul
PURPOSE: To validate the knee, shoulder, and virtual Fundamentals of Arthroscopic Training (FAST) modules on a virtual arthroscopy simulator via correlations with arthroscopy case experience and postgraduate year. METHODS: Orthopaedic residents and faculty from one institution performed a standardized sequence of knee, shoulder, and FAST modules to evaluate baseline arthroscopy skills. Total operation time, camera path length, and composite total score (metric derived from multiple simulator measurements) were compared with case experience and postgraduate level...
March 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
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