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Continous EEG

Aravind Ganesh, Sarah F Wesley
Diagnosing autoimmune encephalitis (AE) is complicated by several factors, including issues with availability, sensitivity, and specificity of antibody testing, particularly with variability in assay techniques and new antibodies being rapidly identified; nonspecific findings on MRI, EEG, and lumbar puncture; and competing differential diagnoses. Through case-based discussions with 3 experts from 3 continents, this article discusses the challenges of AE diagnosis, important clinical characteristics of AE, preferences for methods of autoantibody testing and interpretation, and treatment-related questions...
February 2018: Neurology. Clinical Practice
David G Anderson, Maria Damianova, Skye Hanekom, Marilyn Lucas
Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) have a high prevalence globally but the accurate diagnosis of this condition still remains a challenge. This is particularly the case in countries where there is scarce expertise and insufficient affordable medical facilities to which patients have access. The rate of PNES diagnosis in epilepsy units is typically within the range of 20 to 30%. In the context of developing countries, this rate tends to be higher and increases demand on the existing scarce health care capacities...
April 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Biljana Gjoneska, Simona Markovska-Simoska, Hiie Hinrikus, Nada Pop-Jordanova, Jordan Pop-Jordanov
INTRODUCTION: Covering a handful of decades but spanning across two centuries, mobile phones announced the dawn of the technological revolution, standing at the forefront as its' most prominent symbol. Over the course of their sovereign dominance, human generations born with the birth of the mobile phone reached the age of maturity, while scientific community started reaching for experience-based perceptivity. AIM: The following review serves as a short-cut across a half-decade old research gap, and a clear-cut analysis on the cutting-edge knowledge of the EMF induced EEG changes...
2015: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
George M Ibrahim, Benjamin R Morgan, Aria Fallah
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies aimed at identifying predictors of seizure outcomes following resective surgery for tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) are limited by multicollinearity among predictors, whereby the high degree of correlation between covariates precludes detection of potentially significant findings. PURPOSE: Here, we apply a data-driven method, partial least squares (PLS) to model multidimensional variance and study significant patterns in data that are associated with seizure outcomes...
February 2015: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Sebastian Ronellenfitsch, Julia Tabatabai, Sindy Böttcher, Sabine Diedrich, David Frommhold, Susanne Schubert-Bast, Johannes Poeschl, Paul Schnitzler
INTRODUCTION: Enteroviruses commonly encounter babies and children and infections present in a wide variety of symptoms ranging from asymptomatic infection, benign illness, and aseptic meningitis, hand-foot-and-mouth disease to severe life-threatening disease. Some newborns develop severe disease in the first 2 weeks of life and long-term sequelae may occur among survivors. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case report of a Caucasian newborn baby boy with severe encephalitis and systemic coxsackievirus B3 infection...
2014: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Karin Franck-Larsson, Wilhelm Graf, Karin Edebol Eeg-Olofsson, Hans W Axelson, Anders Rönnblom
OBJECTIVE: Fecal incontinence is common in systemic sclerosis (SSc), but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. The objectives of this study were to characterize anorectal physiological and morphological defects in SSc patients and to correlate the results with incontinence symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five SSc patients underwent anorectal neurophysiological investigations, anal manometry, and ultrasound. RESULTS: Eleven patients (44%) reported incontinence to solid or liquid feces, but no patient reported diarrhea...
September 2014: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
M Prencipe, A Cicchella, A Del Giudice, A Di Giorgio, A Scarlatella, M Vergura, F Aucella
This descriptive report describes the case of a 50 year-old woman with bipolar disorder, whose maintenance therapy comprised risperidone, sodium valproato and lithium carbonate without any past occurrence of toxicity. Her past medical history was significant for hypertension, cardiopathy and obesity. She presented with a 1-week history of fever, increasing confusion and slurred speech. At presentation, the patient was somnolent. Laboratory investigations revealed a serum creatinine of 3,6 mg/dl, BUN 45 mg/dl serum lithium 3,0 mEq/L with polyuria defined as more than 3 litres a day...
May 2013: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
Murat Ocal, Halil Onder, Ethem M Arsava, Sehnaz Alp, Aykut Ozkul, Koray Ergünay
West Nile virus (WNV) is a mosquito-borne Flavivirus (family Flaviviridae), maintained in an enzootic cycle between birds as amplifying hosts and mosquito vectors. While WNV exposure in humans frequently remain subclinical, a febrile illness called West Nile fever occurs in about 20% and neuroinvasive disease in less than 1% of the affected individuals. For the last two decades, WNV has caused outbreaks of severe neuroinvasive disease in humans and horses in Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and emerged in the American continent...
January 2013: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
Fadil Skrijelj, Dragoslav Sokić
INTRODUCTION: It is considered that around 20%-30% of patients of all ages and in all continents have wrong epilepsy diagnoses. Diagnostic and consequential therapeutic errors appear, most often, when an adequate diagnostics is not applied. Benign focal epilepsy of childhoods with centrotemporal spikes-rolandic epilepsy, brings very often to diagnostic and therapeutic problems because of persistence of epileptic-forms changes in an electroencephalography (EEG) recording, several years after establishment of good control over seizures...
June 2011: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
Kurt R Eeg, Antoine E Khoury
Patients with the exstrophy-epispadias complex are one of the most challenging groups encountered by pediatric urologists. They generally require surgery involving several reconstruction techniques, usually performed after the first week of life. Common problems in subsequent years include issues related to continence, sexual function, and the appearance of the lower abdomen and genitals. This article reviews major publications over the last few years related to managing patients with this rare, complex, congenital genitourinary anomaly...
March 2008: Current Urology Reports
Z Martinović, N Jović
The episodes of non-convulsive status epilepticus in children are more difficult to discover and to classify than in adult patients. Using ictal clinical and EEG criteria during continous monitoring of 28 patients, aged from 3 to 16 years, 59 episodes of non-convulsive status epilepticus were classified into typical (8), atypical absence status (27) and complex partial status (24). The rational emergent antiepileptic treatment was based on the findings during clinical and EEG monitoring. Whenever necessary, benzodiazepine sensitivity test was applied in order to help the differentiation between absence and complex partial status epilepticus...
March 1994: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
Robert H Paul, John Gunstad, Nicholas Cooper, Leanne M Williams, C Richard Clark, Ronald A Cohen, Jeffrey J Lawrence, Evian Gordon
Previous studies have revealed significant differences in performance on nonlanguage dependent cognitive tests across international settings among younger individuals, with less pronounced differences evident among older individuals (>54 years of age). The present study examined a broad range of cognitive performance as well as electrophysiological indices of brain function in a multisite and international context. A total of 200 individuals in the United States, 233 individuals in Europe, and 829 individuals in Australia were administered a standardized computerized neuropsychological battery, and complementary electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings were completed...
April 2007: International Journal of Neuroscience
A Osterberg, K Edebol Eeg-Olofsson, W Graf
BACKGROUND: This prospective study was designed to evaluate the results of anterior levatorplasty and sphincteroplasty for faecal incontinence with respect to symptomatic and physiological outcome. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with idiopathic (neurogenic) faecal incontinence underwent anterior levatorplasty and 20 patients with traumatic anal sphincter injury underwent anal sphincteroplasty. The outcome of repair was evaluated at 3 and 12 months using a validated questionnaire and anorectal manometry/manovolumetry...
November 2000: British Journal of Surgery
I Pichlmayr, U Lips
Changes of EEG and CEEG have been studied in two groups of patients premedicated with pethidine-promethazine (dosage: 50 mg/25 mg). The study group A consisted of patients whose age ranged from 20 to 50 years; in study group B the patients age was above 70 years. Continous EEG and CEEG observation ranged from 15 minutes to several hours in a few patients. Changes in clinical behaviour were recorded. Blood pressure - pulserate - measurements were taken at regular intervals. The base line electroencephalogram of thirteen patients was normal...
May 1980: Der Anaesthesist
W Hacke, H Zeumer, E B Ringelstein
It became evident in two patients during cerebral angiography that ligation of an internal carotid artery would probably be necessary in the course of a subsequent neurosurgical operation. A balloon catheter was inserted and the internal carotid artery was occluded. A continous EEG recording was made with a Fourier transformed frequency analysis before and during the occlusion; the motor functions of the corresponding side of the body were observed simultaneously on the conscious patient. EEG alterations indicative of cerebral ischemia were not demonstrated in either patient during an occlusion period of 7 min...
1981: Neuroradiology
M Lindemann, B Witt, U Zwiener
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1971: Acta Biologica et Medica Germanica
J C Shaw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1969: Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology
B Saletu, M Saletu, J Grünberger, R Frey, I Zatschek, R Mader
1. In a double-blind study forty abstinent hospitalized male patients with an alcoholic organic brain syndrome (OBS) were treated for 6 weeks with either 200 mg modafinil or placebo. 2. Modafinil (CRL 40476) is a putative central alpha-1 adrenergic agonist. It's pharmacological profile is quite different from that of amphetamine, which can be seen by the lack of peripheral sympathomimetic effects. The vigilance promoting effect of modafinil has been shown previously in pharmaco-EEG and psychometric studies as well as in clinical studies involving treatment of daytime sleepiness in idiopathic hypersomniacs and narcoleptics...
1990: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
S G Speciale, T Nowaczyk, M Jouvet
A technique for embryonic implantation and the subsequent recording of electrocortical, neck muscle, and ocular activity continously from the 20th day of incubation through hatching and the first few days thereafter is demonstrated. The embryonic maturation of the EEG, with a characteristic muscle burst pattern heralding hatching was found, supporting previous reports obtained with acute preparations. The technique for injection into the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) vessels or direct deposition onto the CAM is also described...
November 1976: Developmental Psychobiology
F Strian, C Klicpera, F Caspar
Psychophysiologic parameters were investigated in 10 patients with endogenous depression during the course of electroconvulsive therapy. Changes in the depressive mood were assessed by the patients at regular intervals using a general mood scale. EEG and heart rate response and habituation were recorded before, during, and after E.C.T. Prior to treatment a low variance and responsiveness and striking intra-individual stability were found in the physiologic parameters. At the start of E.C.T. there was a significant increase in the deviation values of heart rate and a significant increase in the occurrence of typical biphasic heart rate responses...
May 16, 1977: Archiv Für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten
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