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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643470/the-association-of-hospital-governance-with-innovation-in-taiwan
#1
Chen-Wei Yang, Yu-Hua Yan, Shih-Chieh Fang, Syeda Noorein Inamdar, Hsien-Cheng Lin
Hospitals in Taiwan are facing major changes and innovation is increasingly becoming a critical factor for remaining competitive. One determinant that can have a significant impact on innovation is hospital governance. However, there is limited prior research on the relationship between hospital governance and innovation. The purpose of this study is to propose a conceptual framework to hypothesize the relationship between governance mechanisms and innovation and to empirically test the hypotheses in hospital organizations...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642017/patterns-of-care-and-temporal-trends-in-ischemic-stroke-management-a-brazilian-perspective
#2
Monique Bueno Alves, Gisele Sampaio Silva, Renata Carolina Acri Miranda, Rodrigo Meireles Massaud, Andreia Maria Heins Vaccari, Miguel Cendoroglo-Neto, Solange Diccini
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Demonstration of an improvement process of quality indicators in stroke care is essential to obtain certification as a primary stroke center (PSC). Our aim was to evaluate factors that influence temporal trends in quality indicators of ischemic stroke (IS) in a Brazilian hospital. METHODS: We evaluated patients discharged with IS from a tertiary hospital from January 2009 to December 2013. Ten predefined performance measures selected by the Get With the Guidelines-Stroke program were assessed...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640566/-the-scientific-commission-of-the-swiss-cigarette-manufacturers-association-a-historical-overview
#3
Jacques Olivier, Jacques Cornuz, Carole Clair
The Scientific Commission (SC) of the Swiss Cigarette Manufacturers Association (SCMA) has been active between 1962 and the end of the 1990s. The commission fulfilled multiple tasks in the service of the tobacco industry : planning of external joint research, public relations work, lobbying, and collaboration with public authorities as well as organisations with a similar mission as the SC itself. In addition, it monitored research on smoking and health, reviewed studies that were detrimental to the cigarette manufacturers' interest and organized pro-tobacco scientific meetings...
June 7, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608467/discourses-of-joint-commissioning
#4
Ailsa Cameron, Emer Brangan, John Gabbay, Jonathan H Klein, Catherine Pope, Lesley Wye
Increasing attention has focused on the role of joint commissioning in health and social care policy and practice in England. This paper provides an empirical examination of the three discourses of joint commissioning developed from an interpretative analysis of documents by Dickinson et al. (2013; BMC Health Services Research, 13) and applied to data from our study exploring the role of knowledge in commissioning in England. Based on interviews with 92 participants undertaken between 2011 and 2013, our analysis confirms that the three discourses of prevention or empowerment or efficiency are used by professionals from across health and social care organisations to frame their experiences of joint commissioning...
June 12, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608424/evaluation-of-the-8th-edition-american-joint-commission-on-cancer-ajcc-staging-system-for-patients-with-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-a-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-seer-analysis
#5
Yuhree Kim, Dimitrios P Moris, Xu-Feng Zhang, Fabio Bagante, Gaya Spolverato, Carl Schmidt, Mary Dilhoff, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to assess the prognostic performance of American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 8th edition in patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) using a cancer registry. METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) cancer registry was queried to identify 1008 patients who underwent surgical resection of ICC during 1998-2013. Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to analyze long-term survival...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606595/a-multisite-retrospective-study-evaluating-the-implementation-of-the-pasero-opioid-induced-sedation-scale-poss-and-its-effect-on-patient-safety-outcomes
#6
Christie Davis, Christopher Geik, Karen Arthur, James Fuller, Elizabeth Johnston, Francesca Levitt, Edward Leung, Gregory McCart, Derek McMichael, Julie Painter, Therese Staublin, Todd Walroth
The Joint Commission recommended the Pasero Opioid-induced Sedation Scale (POSS) to minimize opioid-induced respiratory depression. However, there is a paucity of data describing its impact on patient safety. This study assessed the impact of POSS implementation or reeducation on naloxone use in patients receiving hydromorphone. This retrospective, Institutional Review Board-approved study performed with the Indianapolis Coalition for Patient Safety was conducted in two phases, 3 months before and after intervention...
June 9, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603465/spinal-cord-as-an-adjunct-to-brain-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-defining-no-evidence-of-disease-activity-in-multiple-sclerosis
#7
Subhash Tummala, Tarun Singhal, Vinit V Oommen, Gloria Kim, Fariha Khalid, Brian C Healy, Rohit Bakshi
ACTIVITY AVAILABLE ONLINE: To access the article, post-test, and evaluation online, go to http://www.cmscscholar.org. TARGET AUDIENCE: The target audience for this activity is physicians, physician assistants, nursing professionals, and other health-care providers involved in the management of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). LEARNING OBJECTIVES: 1) Describe the concept of "no evidence of disease activity" in MS.2) Recognize the role of spinal cord imaging in routine monitoring of MS disease activity...
May 2017: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596018/considering-a-new-domain-for-antimicrobial-stewardship-topical-antibiotics-in-the-open-surgical-wound
#8
Charles E Edmiston, David Leaper, Maureen Spencer, Karen Truitt, Loretta Litz Fauerbach, Denise Graham, Helen Boehm Johnson
The global push to combat the problem of antimicrobial resistance has led to the development of antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs), which were recently mandated by The Joint Commission and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. However, the use of topical antibiotics in the open surgical wound is often not monitored by these programs nor is it subject to any evidence-based standardization of care. Survey results indicate that the practice of using topical antibiotics intraoperatively, in both irrigation fluids and powders, is widespread...
June 5, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590929/prognostic-nomogram-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-patients-after-hepatectomy
#9
Wei Zhang, Yifei Tan, Shu Shen, Li Jiang, Lunan Yan, Jiayin Yang, Bo Li, Tianfu Wen, Yong Zeng, Wen Tao Wang, Mingqing Xu
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was rarely discussed in adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients. This study aimed to discuss the character of AYA HCC patients and establish an effective prognostic nomogram for patients after hepatectomy. RESULTS: For all of the patients, the median OS was 57 months with 5-year OS rate 60.4%, and DFS was 48 months with 5-year DFS rate 51.4%. The tumor size, vascular invasion status and the pathological differentiation were the independent predictors for both OS and DFS...
May 23, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575413/comprehensive-protocol-of-traceability-during-ivf-the-result-of-a-multicentre-failure-mode-and-effect-analysis
#10
L Rienzi, F Bariani, M Dalla Zorza, E Albani, F Benini, S Chamayou, M G Minasi, L Parmegiani, L Restelli, G Vizziello, A Nanni Costa
STUDY QUESTION: Can traceability of gametes and embryos be ensured during IVF? SUMMARY ANSWER: The use of a simple and comprehensive traceability system that includes the most susceptible phases during the IVF process minimizes the risk of mismatches. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Mismatches in IVF are very rare but unfortunately possible with dramatic consequences for both patients and health care professionals. Traceability is thus a fundamental aspect of the treatment...
May 31, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571021/brief-history-of-anti-doping
#11
Arne Ljungqvist
The fight against doping in sport as we know it today commenced by the creation of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) Medical Commission in 1961 following the death of a Danish cyclist during the Rome Olympic Games the year before. After a slow start, the fight got under way as from the early 1970s under the leadership of the IOC and of the International Association of Athletics Federations. Despite a lack of understanding and weak support even from the sports community, a series of measures were taken during the 1970s and 1980s which still form cornerstones of today's anti-doping strategy...
2017: Medicine and Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570379/promoting-evidence-based-practice-at-a-primary-stroke-center-a-nurse-education-strategy
#12
Christina Anne Case
BACKGROUND: Promoting a culture of evidence-based practice within a health care facility is a priority for health care leaders and nursing professionals; however, tangible methods to promote translation of evidence to bedside practice are lacking. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this quality improvement project was to design and implement a nursing education intervention demonstrating to the bedside nurse how current evidence-based guidelines are used when creating standardized stroke order sets at a primary stroke center, thereby increasing confidence in the use of standardized order sets at the point of care and supporting evidence-based culture within the health care facility...
July 2017: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566993/secure-clinical-texting-patient-risk-in-high-acuity-care
#13
George A Gellert, George S Conklin, Lynn A Gibson
The Joint Commission recently reversed its prior authorization of the use of secure clinical texting to issue patient care orders, now again prohibiting texting of orders. However, the potential sole or exclusive use of clinical texts to transmit other patient care information beyond care orders still poses a risk to patient safety in high acuity care because of text transmission delays resulting from carrier-dependent latency. Although texting in routine patient care may deliver high value to clinicians, the risk of latency and delayed receipt of clinically urgent or time-sensitive texted patient information in high-acuity care settings can harm patients...
2017: Perspectives in Health Information Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558457/-diagnostic-value-of-enhanced-ct-mri-for-thyroid-cartilage-invasion-by-malignant-tumor
#14
H Y Li, X H Chen
Objective: To evaluate the values of enhanced CT and MRI for the diagnosis of thyroid cartilage invasion by laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer. Methods: One hundred and ninety-seven patients with primary laryngeal or hypopharyngeal cancer treated with surgery between January 2013 and December 2014 were included in this study. All patients underwent enhanced CT and MRI before surgery. With MRI using the techniques of fast recovery fast spin echo (FRFSE), spin echo echo planar imaging (SE-EPI) and diffusion weighted imaging (DWI), thyroid cartilage invasion was evaluated and the results of postoperative histopathological examination was used as a gold standard for the determination of thyroid cartilage invasion...
May 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552398/performance-specifications-of-critical-results-management
#15
REVIEW
Elisa Piva, Laura Sciacovelli, Michela Pelloso, Mario Plebani
Formerly defined "critical values", the importance of critical results (CRs) management in patient care has grown in recent years. According to the George Lundberg definition the result becomes "critical" when, exceeding actionable thresholds, it suggests imminent danger for the patient, unless appropriate therapy is initiated promptly. As required in most important accreditation standards, such as the ISO:15,189 or the Joint Commission standards, a quality reporting system should deliver the correct result to the appropriate clinician in a time-frame that ensures patient safety...
July 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550908/discordance-between-surgical-care-improvement-project-adherence-and-postoperative-outcomes-implications-for-new-joint-commission-standards
#16
Victor Chang, Robert H Blackwell, Talar Markossian, Ryan M Yau, Barbara A Blanco, Matthew A C Zapf, Gerard J Abood, Gopal N Gupta, Paul C Kuo, Anai N Kothari
BACKGROUND: Infectious (INF) and venous thromboembolism (VTE) complication rates are targeted by surgical care improvement project (SCIP) INF and SCIP VTE measures. We analyzed how adherence to SCIP INF and SCIP VTE affects targeted postoperative outcomes (wound complication [WC], deep vein thrombosis, and pulmonary embolism [PE]) using all-payer data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review (2007-2011) was conducted using Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient Database Florida and Medicare's Hospital Compare...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541160/an-ergonomic-assessment-of-hospital-linen-bag-handling
#17
Erin Teeple, Jack T Dennerlein, Dean Hashimoto, Luis A Soto, Elena Losina, Jeffrey N Katz
The Joint Commission provides accreditation standards for staging hospital waste, but there are no federal lifting safety standards for linen bags. We evaluated hospital laundry bag lifting using the Revised National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Lifting Equation. We hypothesized that the permitted 32-gallon linen container capacity might allow filling to weights above our calculated Recommended Weight Limit (RWL) for some lifting positions and contents. We found that 30- and 40-gallon bags filled with loose dry linen had predicted weights within estimated RWLs only for lifts close to the body...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526311/dramatic-effects-of-a-new-antimicrobial-stewardship-program-in-a-rural-community-hospital
#18
Claudia R Libertin, Stephanie H Watson, William L Tillett, Joy H Peterson
BACKGROUND: New Joint Commission antimicrobial stewardship requirements took effect on January 1, 2017, promoted as a central strategy for coping with the emerging problems of antimicrobial resistance and Clostridium difficile infection. Our objective was to measure the effects of a new antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP) in a rural community hospital with no prior ASP, in the context of having a new infectious disease specialist on staff. METHODS: An ASP team was formed to implement a prospective audit with health care provider feedback and targeting 12 antimicrobial agents in a rural hospital in Georgia...
May 16, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526230/shared-decision-making-in-taiwan
#19
Hsun-Hsiang Liao, Huey-Wen Liang, Hou-Chaung Chen, Ching-I Chang, Pa-Chun Wang, Chung-Liang Shih
The paper aims to introduce the current status of shared decision making (SDM) in Taiwan under its mixed health care system and single-payer health insurance system. With experiences in promoting both evidence based medicine and patient safety, the Joint Commission of Taiwan has implemented a nationwide SDM program under the aegis of the Ministry of Health and Welfare since 2016, incorporating multiple approaches such as developing patient decision aids (PDAs), executing the Medical Decision Aids Campaign, establishing a SDM platform, and integrating SDM in clinical practice...
May 17, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522282/quality-indicators-for-the-use-of-systemic-antibiotics-in-dentistry
#20
Rugzan Jameel Hussein, Robert Krohn, Petra Kaufmann-Kolle, Gerald Willms
BACKGROUND: Risks resulted from using systemic antibiotics such as increasing rates of bacterial resistance, allergy and side effects should be always weighed individually for each patient against any potential benefits. Routine antibiotic prescribing must be therefore discouraged. The Federal Joint Committee ("Gemeinsamer Bundesauschuss", G-BA) commissioned the AQUA-Institute with the development of an external quality assurance procedure, examining systemic antibiotic use in periodontal, conservative and surgical treatments in ambulatory dental health care...
May 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
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