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Loss of control eating

Mariana Carvalho de Menezes, Lydiane Bragunci Bedeschi, Luana Caroline Dos Santos, Aline Cristine Souza Lopes
INTRODUCTION: The multi-behavioral Transtheoretical Model (TTM) addresses multiple behaviors and it is a promising strategy to control multifactorial morbidities, such as chronic diseases. The results obtained using the TTM are positive, but are not consistently methodical. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to systematically review the effectiveness of the Transtheoretical Model in multi-behavioral interventions for changing eating habits and levels of physical activity...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Dawn P Gill, Wendy Blunt, Ashleigh De Cruz, Brendan Riggin, Kate Hunt, Guangyong Zou, Shannon Sibbald, Karen Danylchuk, Merrick Zwarenstein, Cindy M Gray, Sally Wyke, Christopher Bunn, Robert J Petrella
BACKGROUND: Effective approaches that engage men in weight loss and lifestyle change are important because of worldwide increases, including in Canada, in obesity and chronic diseases. Football Fans in Training (FFIT), developed in Scotland, successfully tackled these problems by engaging overweight/obese male football fans in sustained weight loss and positive health behaviours, through program deliveries at professional football stadia. METHODS: Aims: 1) Adapt FFIT to hockey within the Canadian context and integrate with HealtheSteps™ (evidence-based lifestyle program) to develop Hockey Fans in Training (Hockey FIT); 2) Explore potential for Hockey FIT to help overweight/obese men lose weight and improve other outcomes by 12 weeks, and retain these improvements to 12 months; 3) Evaluate feasibility of recruiting and retaining overweight/obese men; 4) Evaluate acceptability of Hockey FIT; and 5) Conduct program optimization via a process evaluation...
October 19, 2016: BMC Public Health
Monika M K Stojek, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Lauren B Shomaker, Nichole R Kelly, Katherine A Thompson, Rim D Mehari, Shannon E Marwitz, Andrew P Demidowich, Ovidiu A Galescu, Sheila M Brady, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski
OBJECTIVE: Adolescent emotional-eating, referring to eating in response to negative affective states, is frequently reported by those with loss of control (LOC) eating. Although LOC eating has been shown to predict exacerbated disordered eating and excess weight/adiposity gain, the extent to which emotional-eating, either alone or in combination with LOC, predicts adverse outcomes has not been determined. Thus, we examined associations of baseline emotional-eating with changes in disordered eating, BMI, and adiposity over 1-year, and to what degree the presence or absence of baseline LOC moderated these associations...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Sara Boucher, Olivia Edwards, Andrew Gray, Shyamala Nada-Raja, Jason Lillis, Tracy L Tylka, Caroline C Horwath
BACKGROUND: Middle-aged women are at risk of weight gain and associated comorbidities. Deliberate restriction of food intake (dieting) produces short-term weight loss but is largely unsuccessful for long-term weight management. Two promising approaches for the prevention of weight gain are intuitive eating (ie, eating in accordance with hunger and satiety signals) and the development of greater psychological flexibility (ie, the aim of acceptance and commitment therapy [ACT]). OBJECTIVES: This pilot study investigated the usage, acceptability, and feasibility of "Mind, Body, Food," a Web-based weight gain prevention intervention prototype that teaches intuitive eating and psychological flexibility skills...
October 14, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
Kaiwu He, Fei Qi, Chunni Guo, Shuqin Zhan, Hua Xu, Jianjun Liu, Xifei Yang
Transient receptor potential cation (TRPC) channel proteins are abundantly expressed in brain. However, the functions of these TRPC proteins such as TRPC1 are largely unclear. In this study, we reported that TRPC1 deficiency caused movement disorder as measured by swimming test, modified open field test and sunflower seeds eating test. Immunofluorescent staining showed significant loss of both NeuN-positive cells and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) -positive cells in the caudate putamen (CPu), the external globus pallidus (GPe), and the substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNr) in 5-month-old TRPC1 knockout mice (TRPC1-/-) compared to the wild type (WT) mice...
October 11, 2016: Oncotarget
Cheila Aparecida Bevilaqua, Sandra Marisa Pelloso, Sonia Silva Marcon
Objective: to ascertain the effectiveness of an intervention program in relation to anthropometric measurements and stage of readiness for behavioral change in women with excess weight. Methods: the intervention group (IG) was made up of 13 women, and the control group (CG), by 20. The intervention lasted 16 weeks, and included the practice of guided physical activity three times a week, and health education once a week. The application of the questionnaire on stage of readiness for behavioral change, and the anthropometric evaluations, were undertaken at two points - before and after the period of intervention...
October 10, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Lisa M Shank, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Nichole R Kelly, Natasha A Schvey, Shannon E Marwitz, Rim D Mehari, Sheila M Brady, Andrew P Demidowich, Miranda M Broadney, Ovidiu A Galescu, Courtney K Pickworth, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski
BACKGROUND: Loss of control (LOC) eating in youth is associated with excess body weight and adiposity. After adjusting for fat mass, youth with LOC eating have higher blood pressure and higher low-density lipoprotein cholesterol compared to youth without LOC eating. Increased inflammation may account for this relationship, although few data have examined this hypothesis. Therefore, this study explored the association between LOC eating and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), a marker of inflammation...
October 12, 2016: Childhood Obesity
Clélia M Bianchi, Jean-François Huneau, Gaëlle Le Goff, Eric O Verger, François Mariotti, Patricia Gurviez
BACKGROUND: From a life course perspective, pregnancy leads to a rise in nutrition awareness and an increase in information flow in favour of adopting healthier eating behaviours. This qualitative study was designed to better understand the determinants of eating behaviours in French pregnant women by focusing on their concerns, attitudes and beliefs and their nutrition-related information seeking practices. METHODS: Seven focus groups were conducted, involving a total of 40 French pregnant women...
October 12, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
S Sonomtseren, Y Sankhuu, J D Warfel, D L Johannsen, C M Peterson, B Vandanmagsar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a weight loss intervention in Mongolian adults with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus and with BMIs ≥ 25.0 kg/m(2). METHODS: Eighty participants (33 men/47 women) aged 32-56 years old received education sessions to improve nutritional habits and increase physical activity. Participants were counselled in-person on two occasions with regular follow-up by phone to eat less (reduce calorie intake by 30-40% and consume fewer fatty foods), shift food intake to earlier in a day and increase physical activity such as walking, jogging, running and biking...
September 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
Katherine H Saunders, Leon I Igel, Louis J Aronne
As the prevalence of obesity continues to increase, the need for effective long-term treatment strategies for the overweight and the obese is critical. Pharmacology fills a large treatment gap between behavioral therapy, which is insufficient for the majority of patients, and devices and surgery, which are available to only a subset of patients. Naltrexone HCl and bupropion HCl Extended-Release (naltrexone XR/bupropion XR) was approved by the Food and Drug Administration for chronic weight management in 2014...
October 4, 2016: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Natalie Ingraham, Dawn Harbatkin, Jennifer Lorvick, Marj Plumb, Alexandra M Minnis
INTRODUCTION: Lesbian and bisexual (LB) women have higher body weight than heterosexual women. Interventions focused on health and well-being versus weight loss may be more likely to succeed among LB women. This article describes effects of Women's Health and Mindfulness, a 12-week pilot intervention addressing mindfulness, healthy eating, and physical activity, on outcomes associated with chronic disease risk among overweight and obese LB women older than 40 years. METHOD: Eighty women were randomized, using a stepped-wedge design, to either an immediate- or a delayed-start intervention group; the delayed-start group served as the control...
October 2, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Andrea Figura, Matthias Rose, Jürgen Ordemann, Burghard F Klapp, Anne Ahnis
BACKGROUND: Patients with severe obesity need to adapt to surgically induced changes in their eating behaviors to maintain treatment success. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effects of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on weight loss and on 3 dimensions of eating behavior, namely, cognitive restraint, disinhibition, and hunger. Outcomes of the LSG group were compared with a group of conservatively treated (CT) patients, who underwent a 1-year multimodal weight-reduction group program that included dietary advice, physical exercise, psychoeducation, cognitive-behavioral therapy, training in Jacobson's progressive muscle relaxation, and social group support...
August 5, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Rebecca Gossage-Worrall, Richard I G Holt, Katharine Barnard, Marian E Carey, Melanie J Davies, Chris Dickens, Yvonne Doherty, Charlotte Edwardson, Paul French, Fiona Gaughran, Kathryn Greenwood, Sridevi Kalidindi, Daniel Hind, Kamlesh Khunti, Paul McCrone, Jonathan Mitchell, John Pendlebury, Shanaya Rathod, David Shiers, Najma Siddiqi, Lizzie Swaby, Stephen Wright
BACKGROUND: People with schizophrenia are two to three times more likely to be overweight than the general population. The UK National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommends an annual physical health review with signposting to, or provision of, a lifestyle programme to address weight concerns and obesity. The purpose of this randomised controlled trial is to assess whether a group-based structured education programme can help people with schizophrenia to lose weight...
September 29, 2016: Trials
Emily C Stefano, Allison F Wagner, Jonathan M Mond, David C Cicero, Janet D Latner
The present study aimed to further validate the Loss of Control Over Eating Scale (LOCES) for use with undergraduate men and women with and without eating disorder (ED) symptoms. A total of 261 participants completed the LOCES and the Eating Disorder Examination - Questionnaire (EDE-Q) and were identified as non-clinical or having probable ED symptomatology based on previously used EDE-Q cutoff scores. Results indicated that the LOCES and its subscales were significantly associated with and a significant predictor of global ED pathology and binge episode frequency...
September 20, 2016: Eating Behaviors
Rachel P Kolko, Rebecca L Emery, Marsha D Marcus, Michele D Levine
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the prevalence of and changes in loss of control over eating (LOC) among pregnant women with overweight/obesity, along with associations between LOC and depressive symptoms and stress. METHOD: Community women (N = 200; body mass index ≥ 25; 12-20 weeks gestation) reported LOC before and during early pregnancy using the Eating Disorder Examination, which was adapted for administration in pregnancy. Women self-reported depressive symptoms and stress during early pregnancy...
September 23, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Katharine F Hunt, Joel T Dunn, Carel W le Roux, Laurence J Reed, Paul K Marsden, Ameet G Patel, Stephanie A Amiel
OBJECTIVE: Improved appetite control, possibly mediated by exaggerated gut peptide responses to eating, may contribute to weight loss after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). This study compared brain responses to food ingestion between post-RYGB (RYGB), normal weight (NW), and obese (Ob) unoperated subjects and explored the role of gut peptide responses in RYGB. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Neuroimaging with [(18)F]-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography was performed in 12 NW, 21 Ob, and 9 RYGB (18 ± 13 months postsurgery) subjects after an overnight fast, once FED (400 kcal mixed meal), and once FASTED, in random order...
October 2016: Diabetes Care
Alexis Ruffault, Sébastien Czernichow, Martin S Hagger, Margot Ferrand, Nelly Erichot, Claire Carette, Emilie Boujut, Cécile Flahault
The aim of this study was to conduct a comprehensive quantitative synthesis of the effects of mindfulness training interventions on weight-loss and health behaviours in adults with overweight and obesity using meta-analytic techniques. Studies included in the analysis (k=12) were randomised controlled trials investigating the effects of any form of mindfulness training on weight loss, impulsive eating, binge eating, or physical activity participation in adults with overweight and obesity. Random effects meta-analysis revealed that mindfulness training had no significant effect on weight loss, but an overall negative effect on impulsive eating (d=-1...
September 19, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Tyler B Mason, Kristin E Heron
Prospective associations between binge eating symptoms (i.e., objective overeating [OOE] and loss of control [LOC] eating) and psychosocial functioning during emerging adulthood were examined using data from the Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. We examined associations between OOE and LOC eating and psychosocial functioning variables with and without adjusting for concurrent depressive symptoms. Analyses revealed that OOE at Wave 3 (ages 18-28) was associated with depressive symptoms, social isolation, weight perception, and perceived attractiveness seven years later at Wave 4 (ages 25-35) and LOC eating at Wave 3 was associated with later depressive symptoms, suicidal thoughts, weight perception, social isolation, number of close friends, and sleep difficulty...
September 14, 2016: Eating Behaviors
Danielle N Christifano, Tera L Fazzino, Debra K Sullivan, Christie A Befort
PURPOSE: Obesity and diet quality are two distinct lifestyle factors associated with morbidity and mortality among breast cancer survivors. The purposes of this study were to examine diet quality changes during a weight loss intervention among breast cancer survivors and to examine whether diet quality change was an important factor related to weight loss. METHODS: Participants were overweight/obese breast cancer survivors (n = 180) participating in a weight loss intervention...
September 16, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Denise E Wilfley, Leslie Citrome, Barry K Herman
The objective of this review was to examine the evidentiary basis for binge eating disorder (BED) with reference to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - Fifth Edition (DSM-5) diagnostic criteria for BED. A PubMed search restricted to titles and abstracts of English-language reviews, meta-analyses, clinical trials, randomized controlled trials, journal articles, and letters using human participants was conducted on August 7, 2015, using keywords that included "binge eating disorder," DSM-5, DSM-IV, guilt, shame, embarrassment, quantity, psychological, behavior, and "shape and weight concerns...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
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