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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212353/effect%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-fibre%C3%A2-supplementation%C3%A2-on%C3%A2-body%C3%A2-weight%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-composition-%C3%A2-frequency%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-eating%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-dietary%C3%A2-choice%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-overweight%C3%A2-individuals
#1
Vicky A Solah, Deborah A Kerr Wendy J Hunt, Stuart K Johnson, Carol J Boushey, Edward J Delp, Xingqiong Meng, Roland J Gahler, Anthony P James, Aqif S Mukhtar, Haelee K Fenton, Simon Wood
Fibre supplementation can potentially reduce energy intake and contribute to weight loss. The mechanism may be reduced frequency of eating, resulting in reduced food consumption. The objective of this research was to determine the effectiveness of fibre supplementation with PolyGlycopleX® (PGX®), on body weight and composition, frequency of eating and dietary intake in 118 overweight adults. In a three-arm, parallel, blind, randomised controlled trial participants were randomised to one of three groups; 4...
February 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209532/stability-of-problematic-eating-behaviors-and-weight-loss-trajectories-after-bariatric-surgery-a-longitudinal-observational-study
#2
Eva M Conceição, James E Mitchell, Ana Pinto-Bastos, Filipa Arrojado, Isabel Brandão, Paulo P P Machado
BACKGROUND: The literature is rather mixed regarding the stability and the role of pre- and postoperative problematic eating behaviors (PEBs) on weight outcomes after bariatric surgery. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the stability of loss of control (LOC) eating and picking and/or nibbling from pre- to postoperative assessments, and to investigate whether pre- and postoperative PEBs are predictors of different weight loss trajectories. SETTING: Central Hospital, University, Portugal...
December 20, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205275/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-youth-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-in-children-with-overweight-or-obesity
#3
Andrea E Kass, Kelly Theim Hurst, Rachel P Kolko, Elizabeth B Ruzicka, Richard I Stein, Brian E Saelens, R Robinson Welch, Michael G Perri, Kenneth B Schechtman, Leonard H Epstein, Denise E Wilfley
This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Youth Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (YEDE-Q) and its utility for detecting loss of control (LOC) eating (i.e., eating episodes, regardless of size, involving a perceived inability to control what or how much one is eating) among school-age children with overweight or obesity. Identifying eating pathology, particularly LOC eating, in this population may facilitate treatment that improves weight outcomes and reduces eating disorder risk. Children with overweight or obesity (N = 241; 7-11 years) completed the YEDE-Q and abbreviated Child EDE (ChEDE) to assess LOC eating, prior to entering a weight management treatment trial...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193517/obesity-energetics-body-weight-regulation-and-the-effects-of-diet-composition
#4
Kevin D Hall, Juen Guo
Weight changes are accompanied by imbalances between calorie intake and expenditure. This fact is often misinterpreted to suggest that obesity is caused by gluttony and sloth and can be treated by simply advising people to eat less and move more. However, various components of energy balance are dynamically interrelated and weight loss is resisted by counterbalancing physiological processes. While low carbohydrate diets have been suggested to partially subvert these processes by increasing energy expenditure and promoting fat loss, our meta-analysis of 32 controlled feeding studies with isocaloric substitution of carbohydrate for fat found that both energy expenditure (26 kcal/d; p<0...
February 10, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183003/high-disinhibition-restrained-eaters-are-disinhibited-by-self-regulatory-depletion-in-the-food-related-inhibitory-control
#5
Yizhou Zhou, Xiao Gao, Hong Chen, Fanchang Kong
Restrained eating for weight control and loss is becoming highly prevalent in many affluent societies, while most of the restrained eaters are rather unsuccessful in the long term. According to the strength model of self-control, the disinhibition effect of restrained eaters may occur after the depletion of self-control resources. However, no work has examined the direct impact of self-control resources on inhibitory control ability of restrained eaters. This study investigated the influences of self-control resources on the food-related inhibitory control among high-restraint/low-disinhibition restrained eaters, high-restraint/high-disinhibition restrained eaters and unrestrained eaters using stop signal task...
February 1, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176035/the-relationship-between-intuitive-eating-and-postpartum-weight-loss
#6
Katie Leahy, Kristoffer S Berlin, Gabrielle G Banks, Jessica Bachman
Objective Postpartum weight loss is challenging for new mothers who report limited time and difficulties following traditional weight loss methods. Intuitive eating (IE) is a behavior that includes eating based on physical hunger and fullness and may have a role in encouraging weight loss. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between IE and postpartum weight loss. Methods Women 12-18 months postpartum completed a questionnaire regarding weight changes surrounding pregnancy, exercise, breastfeeding and intuitive eating using the Intuitive Eating Scale...
February 7, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165655/are-loss-of-control-while-eating-and-overeating-valid-constructs-a-critical-review-of-the-literature
#7
REVIEW
Andrea B Goldschmidt
BACKGROUND: Binge eating is a marker of weight gain and obesity, and a hallmark feature of eating disorders. Yet its component constructs - overeating and loss of control (LOC) while eating - are poorly understood and difficult to measure. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to critically review the human literature concerning the validity of LOC and overeating across the age and weight spectrum. DATA SOURCES: English-language articles addressing the face, convergent, discriminant and predictive validity of LOC and overeating were included...
February 6, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148682/dietary-protein-modifies-the-effect-of-the-mc4r-genotype-on-2-year-changes-in-appetite-and-food-craving-the-pounds-lost-trial
#8
Tao Huang, Yan Zheng, Adela Hruby, Donald A Williamson, George A Bray, Yiru Shen, Frank M Sacks, Lu Qi
BACKGROUND: The melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) plays a pivotal role in the regulation of appetite and eating behavior. Variants in the MC4R gene have been related to appetite and obesity. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine whether weight-loss diets modified the effect of the "obesity-predisposing" MC4R genotype on appetite-related measures in a randomized controlled trial. METHODS: A total of 811 overweight and obese subjects [25 ≤ body mass index (BMI; kg/m(2)) ≤ 40] aged 30-70 y were included in the 2-y POUNDS Lost (Preventing Overweight Using Novel Dietary Strategies) trial...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132008/compensatory-changes-in-energy-balance-during-dapagliflozin-treatment-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-cross-over-trial-energize-study-protocol
#9
Surya Panicker Rajeev, Victoria S Sprung, Carl Roberts, Jo A Harrold, Jason C G Halford, Andrej Stancak, Emma J Boyland, Graham J Kemp, Daniel J Cuthbertson, John P H Wilding
INTRODUCTION: Sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are effective blood-glucose-lowering medications with beneficial effects on body weight in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, observed weight loss is less than that predicted from quantified glycosuria, suggesting a compensatory increase in energy intake or a decrease in energy expenditure. Studies using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) have suggested most body weight change is due to loss of adipose tissue, but organ-specific changes in fat content (eg, liver, skeletal muscle) have not been determined...
January 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131329/a-cross-sectional-study-investigating-weight-management-motivations-methods-and-perceived-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-influences-in-women-up-to-five-years-following-childbirth
#10
Lisa Vincze, Megan E Rollo, Melinda J Hutchesson, Tracy L Burrows, Lesley MacDonald-Wicks, Michelle Blumfield, Clare E Collins
OBJECTIVE: to explore motivations for weight change, weight loss methods used and factors perceived to influence healthy eating and physical activity for weight management following childbirth, and to evaluate differences by socio-demographic, weight status and pregnancy characteristics. DESIGN: cross-sectional online survey completed from May to August 2013. PARTICIPANTS: Australian women (n=874, aged 32.8±4.5 years, pre-pregnancy Body Mass Index 25...
January 14, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130152/is-it-time-to-consider-the-food-use-disorder
#11
Laurence J Nolan
In the contemporary milieu, the term "addiction" brings to mind issues of physical dependence, uncontrolled behavior, psychoactive substances, and disease. Thus, the use of the term "food addiction" which has become common in research on binge eating and obesity, suggests a disease state characterized by craving, compulsive eating and, possibly, the presence of food constituents with drug-like properties which weaken the will power to abstain from consumption. In this commentary, the case is made that, following the trends in substance use disorder terminology, adoption of "food use disorder" as a term for compulsive eating associated with subjective loss of control may foster continued research in this area without the connotations suggested by "food addiction...
January 24, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126015/cognitive-remediation-therapy-plus-behavioural-weight-loss-compared-to-behavioural-weight-loss-alone-for-obesity-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Evelyn Smith, Charlotte Whittingham
BACKGROUND: Current research indicates that obese individuals have cognitive deficits in executive function, leading to difficulties with planning, impulse control and decision-making. High levels of inflammation have been proposed to contribute to executive function deficits in individuals with obesity. METHODS/DESIGN: One hundred and seventy-six obese participants will be randomly assigned to one of two groups: (1) behavioural weight loss alone (BWL) group = 8 sessions of individual BWL sessions plus 12 group BWL sessions or (2) Cognitive Remediation Therapy for Obesity (CRT-O) plus BWL group (CRT-O + BWL) = 8 sessions of individual CRT-O plus 12 group BWL sessions...
January 26, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124451/befree-a-new-psychological-program-for-binge-eating-that-integrates-psychoeducation-mindfulness-and-compassion
#13
José Pinto-Gouveia, Sérgio A Carvalho, Lara Palmeira, Paula Castilho, Cristiana Duarte, Cláudia Ferreira, Joana Duarte, Marina Cunha, Marcela Matos, Joana Costa
: Binge eating disorder (BED) is associated with several psychological and medical problems, such as obesity. Approximately 30% of individuals seeking weight loss treatments present binge eating symptomatology. Moreover, current treatments for BED lack efficacy at follow-up assessments. Developing mindfulness and self-compassion seem to be beneficial in treating BED, although there is still room for improvement, which may include integrating these different but complimentary approaches...
January 25, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119138/exploring-the-efficacy-of-an-acceptance-mindfulness-compassionate-based-group-intervention-for-women-struggling-with-their-weight-kg-free-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Lara Palmeira, José Pinto-Gouveia, Marina Cunha
This randomized-controlled trial aims to test the efficacy of a group intervention (Kg-Free) for women with overweight or obesity based on mindfulness, ACT and compassion approaches. The intervention aimed to reduce weight self-stigma and unhealthy eating patterns and increase quality-of-life (QoL). Seventy-three women, aged between 18 and 55 years old, with BMI ≥25 without binge-eating seeking weight loss treatment were randomly assigned to intervention or control groups. Kg-Free comprises 10 weekly group sessions plus 2 booster fortnightly sessions, of 2h30 h each...
January 21, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110564/recruitment-to-the-breast-activity-and-healthy-eating-after-diagnosis-b-ahead-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Mary Pegington, Judith E Adams, Nigel J Bundred, Anna M Campbell, Anthony Howell, Sacha J Howell, Shaun Speed, Jane Wolstenholme, Michelle N Harvie
Excess weight at breast cancer diagnosis and weight gain during treatment are linked to increased breast cancer specific and all-cause mortality. The Breast-Activity and Healthy Eating After Diagnosis (B-AHEAD) trial tested 2 weight loss diet and exercise programmes versus a control receiving standard written advice during adjuvant treatment. This article identifies differences in characteristics between patients recruited from the main trial site to those of the whole population from that site during the recruitment period and identifies barriers to recruitment...
January 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107449/the-impact-of-shame-self-criticism-and-social-rank-on-eating-behaviours-in-overweight-and-obese-women-participating-in-a-weight-management-programme
#16
Cristiana Duarte, Marcela Matos, R James Stubbs, Corinne Gale, Liam Morris, Jose Pinto Gouveia, Paul Gilbert
Recent research has suggested that obesity is a stigmatised condition. Concerns with personal inferiority (social rank), shame and self-criticism may impact on weight management behaviours. The current study examined associations between social comparison (shame, self-criticism), negative affect and eating behaviours in women attending a community based weight management programme focused on behaviour change. 2,236 participants of the programme completed an online survey using measures of shame, self-criticism, social comparison, and weight-related affect, which were adapted to specifically address eating behaviour, weight and body shape perceptions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095885/symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-among-adult-eating-disorder-patients
#17
Nils Erik Svedlund, Claes Norring, Ylva Ginsberg, Yvonne von Hausswolff-Juhlin
BACKGROUND: Very little is known about the prevalence of ADHD symptoms in Bulimia Nervosa and Binge Eating Disorder and even less in other eating disorders. This knowledge gap is of clinical importance since stimulant treatment is proven effective in Binge Eating Disorder and discussed as a treatment possibility for Bulimia Nervosa. The objective of this study was to explore the prevalence and types of self-reported ADHD symptoms in an unselected group of eating disorder patients assessed in a specialized eating disorder clinic...
January 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076675/low-fasting-oxytocin-levels-are-associated-with-psychopathology-in-anorexia-nervosa-in-partial-recovery
#18
Yuliya Afinogenova, Cindy Schmelkin, Franziska Plessow, Jennifer J Thomas, Reitumetse Pulumo, Nadia Micali, Karen K Miller, Kamryn T Eddy, Elizabeth A Lawson
OBJECTIVE: Anorexia nervosa (AN), a psychiatric disorder characterized by restriction of food intake despite severe weight loss, is associated with increased comorbid anxiety and depression. Secretion of oxytocin, an appetite-regulating neurohormone with anxiolytic and antidepressant properties, is abnormal in AN. The link between oxytocin levels and psychopathology in AN has not been well explored. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of 79 women aged 18-45 years (19 AN, 26 AN in partial recovery [ANPR], and 34 healthy controls [HC]) investigating the relationship between basal oxytocin levels and disordered eating psychopathology, anxiety, and depressive symptoms...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068906/cherish-collaboration-for-hospitalised-elders-reducing-the-impact-of-stays-in-hospital-protocol-for-a-multi-site-improvement-program-to-reduce-geriatric-syndromes-in-older-inpatients
#19
Alison M Mudge, Merrilyn D Banks, Adrian G Barnett, Irene Blackberry, Nicholas Graves, Theresa Green, Gillian Harvey, Ruth E Hubbard, Sharon K Inouye, Sue Kurrle, Kwang Lim, Prue McRae, Nancye M Peel, Jessica Suna, Adrienne M Young
BACKGROUND: Older inpatients are at risk of hospital-associated geriatric syndromes including delirium, functional decline, incontinence, falls and pressure injuries. These contribute to longer hospital stays, loss of independence, and death. Effective interventions to reduce geriatric syndromes remain poorly implemented due to their complexity, and require an organised approach to change care practices and systems. Eat Walk Engage is a complex multi-component intervention with structured implementation, which has shown reduced geriatric syndromes and length of stay in pilot studies at one hospital...
January 9, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060877/heightened-olfactory-sensitivity-in-young-females-with-recent-onset-anorexia-nervosa-and-recovered-individuals
#20
Mette Bentz, Johanne Guldberg, Signe Vangkilde, Tine Pedersen, Kerstin Jessica Plessen, Jens Richardt Moellegaard Jepsen
INTRODUCTION: Olfaction may be related to food restriction and weight loss. However, reports regarding olfactory function in individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) have been inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: Characterize olfactory sensitivity and identification in female adolescents and young adults with first-episode AN and young females recovered from AN. METHODS: We used the Sniffin' Sticks Odor Threshold Test and Odor Identification Test to assess 43 participants with first-episode AN, 27 recovered participants, and 39 control participants...
2017: PloS One
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