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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646804/pilot-investigation-of-2-nondiet-approaches-to-improve-weight-and-health
#1
Kelly H Webber, Laurel Mellin, Lindsey Mayes, Igor Mitrovic, Matt Saulnier
Context • Weight loss and maintenance are associated with many health benefits, but long-term maintenance of weight loss remains elusive for many people. Overweight individuals are at higher risk than normal-weight individuals for stress-induced overeating. The use of stress-management tools in a weight loss program might decrease the physiological stress that fuels overeating and improve posttreatment maintenance of weight loss Objective • The study intended to compare the differences in outcomes between 2 approaches to achieving weight loss and changes in health-stress reduction and intuitive eating (IE)-during a 14-wk period...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643290/does-the-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-global-subscale-adequately-predict-eating-disorder-psychopathology-in-the-daily-life-of-obese-adults
#2
Tyler B Mason, Kathryn E Smith, Ross D Crosby, Stephen A Wonderlich, Scott J Crow, Scott G Engel, Carol B Peterson
The eating disorder examination questionnaire (EDE-Q) Global score is a self-report measure of global eating disorder (ED) psychopathology. This study used ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to evaluate the ecological validity of EDE-Q Global scores among obese adults. Fifty obese adults completed the EDE-Q and 2 weeks of EMA ratings prior to initiating eating episodes and subsequently after eating episodes. EMA items assessed behavioral symptoms [i.e., loss of control (LOC) eating and overeating] and cognitive symptoms (i...
June 22, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635191/impact-of-a-nutrition-educational-program-in-a-group-of-type-2-diabetes-patients-already-involved-in-a-wider-group-care-plan-and-not-achieving-complete-target-an-observational-study
#3
Anna Comba, Alessandra Ardizzone, Laura Leto, Mauro Feola
Type 2 diabetes is one of the most frequent chronic degenerative diseases in the world (5.4% in Italy); it has many chronic consequences with a significant impact either on expectation or quality of life. About 80-90% of type 2 diabetes patients is either overweight or obese, condition that can cause many more negative consequences than in individuals in the same conditions but with normal weight. The aim of the research is to assess if diabetic people who cannot reach the goals of glycemic control, good eating habits and weight loss can eventually obtain, with an individualized care plan, long lasting improvements...
May 18, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615960/personalized-multistep-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-obesity
#4
EDITORIAL
Riccardo Dalle Grave, Massimiliano Sartirana, Marwan El Ghoch, Simona Calugi
Multistep cognitive behavioral therapy for obesity (CBT-OB) is a treatment that may be delivered at three levels of care (outpatient, day hospital, and residential). In a stepped-care approach, CBT-OB associates the traditional procedures of weight-loss lifestyle modification, ie, physical activity and dietary recommendations, with specific cognitive behavioral strategies that have been indicated by recent research to influence weight loss and maintenance by addressing specific cognitive processes. The treatment program as a whole is delivered in six modules...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606554/examining-the-association-between-intervention-related-changes-in-diet-physical-activity-and-weight-as-moderated-by-the-food-and-physical-activity-environments-among-rural-southern-adults
#5
Stephanie B Jilcott Pitts, Thomas C Keyserling, Larry F Johnston, Kelly R Evenson, Jared T McGuirt, Ziya Gizlice, Olivia R Whitt, Alice S Ammerman
BACKGROUND: Few studies have been conducted in rural areas assessing the influence of community-level environmental factors on residents' success improving lifestyle behaviors. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine whether 6-month changes in diet, physical activity, and weight were moderated by the food and physical activity environment in a rural adult population receiving an intervention designed to improve diet and physical activity. DESIGN: We examined associations between self-reported and objectively measured changes in diet, physical activity, and weight, and perceived and objectively measured food and physical activity environments...
June 9, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601678/an-investigation-of-two-dimensions-of-impulsivity-as-predictors-of-loss-of-control-eating-severity-and-frequency
#6
Hallie M Espel, Alexandra F Muratore, Michael R Lowe
Loss-of-control (LOC) eating episodes represent one form of dysregulated eating common to full- and sub-threshold eating disorders. Extensive evidence suggests that impulsivity, particularly in the context of negative affect and/or depression, may play an important etiological role in the development and maintenance of LOC eating. However, most prior studies have considered LOC eating as a dichotomous rather than dimensional construct, and few studies have considered the interaction of multiple dimensions of impulsivity while also accounting for the role of depressive symptoms...
June 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597360/diabetes-eating-disorders-and-body-image-in-young-adults-an-exploratory-study-about-diabulimia
#7
Maria Ana Falcão, Rita Francisco
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare disordered eating (DE) and body image dissatisfaction (BID) among young adults with type 1 diabetes and their peers without diabetes, to investigate the consequences of diabetes for food, body image and weight in individuals with diabetes and to identify the behavior of insulin omission as a weight loss strategy. METHODS: Fifty-five young adults with diabetes and 73 without diabetes (ages 18-30) completed self-report questionnaires to evaluate their behaviors, attitudes and feelings related to eating disorders and their perceptions about body image...
June 8, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588007/a-medical-student-delivered-smoking-prevention-program-education-against-tobacco-for-secondary-schools-in-germany-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Titus Josef Brinker, Andreas Dawid Owczarek, Werner Seeger, David Alexander Groneberg, Christian Martin Brieske, Philipp Jansen, Joachim Klode, Ingo Stoffels, Dirk Schadendorf, Benjamin Izar, Fabian Norbert Fries, Felix Johannes Hofmann
BACKGROUND: More than 8.5 million Germans suffer from chronic diseases attributable to smoking. Education Against Tobacco (EAT) is a multinational network of medical students who volunteer for school-based prevention in the classroom setting, amongst other activities. EAT has been implemented in 28 medical schools in Germany and is present in 13 additional countries around the globe. A recent quasi-experimental study showed significant short-term smoking cessation effects on 11-to-15-year-old adolescents...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581535/differential-criteria-for-binge-eating-disorder-and-food-addiction-in-the-context-of-causes-and-treatment-of-obesity
#9
REVIEW
Monika Bąk-Sosnowska
OBJECTIVES: To establish the differential criteria for Binge Eating Disorder (BED) and Food Addiction (FA). METHODS: We performed a detailed analysis of comparative diagnostic criteria for BED and Substance use disorder contained in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-V. We applied the diagnostic criteria for both disorders to scientific publications on the issue of excessive eating in obese people, during the years 2005-2016, available on PubMed...
April 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579205/surgery-related-gastrointestinal-symptoms-in-a-prospective-study-of-bariatric-surgery-patients-3-year-follow-up
#10
Melissa A Kalarchian, Wendy C King, Michael J Devlin, Gretchen E White, Marsha D Marcus, Luis Garcia, Susan Z Yanovski, James E Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Having accurate information on bariatric surgery-related gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms is critical for patient care. OBJECTIVE: To report on surgery-related GI symptoms over the first 3 years following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and laparoscopic adjustable gastric band. SETTING: Three academic medical centers in the United States. METHODS: As a substudy of the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery Consortium, 183 participants (pre-surgery median body mass index = 45...
April 4, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579186/endocannabinoid-modulation-of-homeostatic-and-non-homeostatic-feeding-circuits
#11
REVIEW
Benjamin K Lau, Daniela Cota, Luigia Cristino, Stephanie L Borgland
The endocannabinoid system has emerged as a key player in the control of eating. Endocannabinoids, including 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) and anandamide (AEA), modulate neuronal activity via cannabinoid 1 receptors (CB1Rs) in multiple nuclei of the hypothalamus to induce or inhibit food intake depending on nutritional and hormonal status, suggesting that endocannabinoids may act in the hypothalamus to integrate different types of signals informing about the animal's energy needs. In the mesocorticolimbic system, (endo)cannabinoids modulate synaptic transmission to promote dopamine release in response to palatable food...
June 1, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533263/prior-weight-loss-exacerbates-the-biological-drive-to-gain-weight-after-the-loss-of-ovarian-function
#12
Vanessa D Sherk, Matthew R Jackman, Erin D Giles, Janine A Higgins, Rebecca M Foright, David M Presby, Ginger C Johnson, Julie A Houck, Jordan L Houser, Robera Oljira, Paul S MacLean
Both the history of obesity and weight loss may change how menopause affects metabolic health. The purpose was to determine whether obesity and/or weight loss status alters energy balance (EB) and subsequent weight gain after the loss of ovarian function. Female lean and obese Wistar rats were randomized to 15% weight loss (WL) or ad libitum fed controls (CON). After the weight loss period, WL rats were kept in EB at the reduced weight for 8 weeks prior to ovariectomy (OVX). After OVX, all rats were allowed to eat ad libitum until weight plateaued...
May 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515563/secondary-eating-disorder-a-reality-case-report-of-post-brain-injury-sequelae
#13
Aparna Das, Deeksha Elwadhi, Manushree Gupta
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can lead to changes in eating behavior patterns. This report describes the case of a patient with alcohol dependence presenting with behavioral changes and eating disorder following frontal lobe trauma. A 42-year-old male, premorbidly well-adjusted presented with alcohol use in dependent pattern for years. He sustained a subdural hematoma in the frontal lobe following a road traffic accident 10 years back. Post-TBI, the patient, started having low frustration tolerance, aggressive outbursts, disinhibition, difficulty in persisting with tasks, apathy, amotivation, and craving for food with inability to control intake on the sight of food...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511457/leptin-as-a-predictive-marker-in-unexplained-infertility-in-north-indian-population
#14
Pratibha Kumari, S P Jaiswar, Pushplata Shankhwar, Sujata Deo, Kalim Ahmad, Bushra Iqbal, A A Mahdi
INTRODUCTION: According to WHO, the primary infertility in India is about 3.9% (age-standardized to 25-49 year) and 16.8% (age-standardized to 15-49 year), using the "age but no birth" definition. Several factors which affect fertility include low sperm production in men, poor egg quality and blocked fallopian tubes in women and also hormonal imbalances. Leptin plays a critical role in women's reproduction and neuroendocrine health. It is used for treating exercise-induced bone loss, eating disorders and infertility...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505553/linking-eating-and-weight-control-attitudes-to-relationship-experiences-a-large-scale-survey-of-adolescent-females
#15
Rebekah L Thomas, Adrian B Kelly, Gary C K Chan, Joanne W Williams
OBJECTIVE: To examine the extent to which family conflict, peer bullying and psychological distress account for eating and weight loss attitudes in adolescent females. This study examined the degree to which psychological distress mediated the association between family conflict and eating and weight loss attitudes, and the association of bullying and eating and weight loss attitudes. METHOD: Females aged between 11 and 17 years (N = 5125) were recruited from schools in the State of Victoria (Australia)...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489673/systematic-review-nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-the-management-of-paediatric-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#16
Philippa S Gibson, Sarah Lang, Anil Dhawan, Emer Fitzpatrick, Michelle L Blumfield, Helen Truby, Kathryn H Hart, J Bernadette Moore
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate efficacy of nutrition and physical activity interventions in the clinical management of paediatric non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The prevalence of paediatric NAFLD continues to rise alongside childhood obesity. Weight loss through lifestyle modification is currently first-line treatment, although supplementation of specific dietary components may be beneficial. METHODS: Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, Scopus and Cochrane Libraries were systematically searched to identify randomised controlled trials (RCTs) assessing nutritional and physical activity interventions...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479405/gamified-working-memory-training-in-overweight-individuals-reduces-food-intake-but-not-body-weight
#17
Fania C M Dassen, Katrijn Houben, Gerard J P Van Breukelen, Anita Jansen
Working Memory (WM) plays a crucial role in successful self-regulation of behavior, including weight regulation. Improving WM might therefore be a promising strategy to support weight loss. In the present study, overweight individuals with a desire to lose weight (N = 91) received an online lifestyle intervention, in conjunction with either 25 sessions of gamified WM training (experimental condition) or a sham training (control). Primary outcomes were Body Mass Index (BMI) and food intake at posttest. Secondary outcomes were executive functioning, self-control, eating style, eating psychopathology and healthy eating...
May 4, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476101/community-based-randomized-controlled-trial-of-diabetes-prevention-study-for-high-risk-individuals-of-type-2-diabetes-lifestyle-intervention-using-web-based-system
#18
Seon-Ah Cha, Sun-Young Lim, Kook-Rye Kim, Eun-Young Lee, Borami Kang, Yoon-Hee Choi, Kun-Ho Yoon, Yu-Bae Ahn, Jin-Hee Lee, Seung-Hyun Ko
BACKGROUND: The trend of increasing numbers of patients with type 2 diabetes emphasizes the need for active screening of high-risk individuals and intensive lifestyle modification (LSM). METHODS/DESIGN: The community-based Korean Diabetes Prevention Study (C-KDPS) is a randomized controlled clinical trial to prevent type 2 diabetes by intensive LSM using a web-based program. The two public healthcare centers in Korea are involved, and 420 subjects are being recruited for 6 months and will be followed up for 22 months...
May 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469914/a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis-of-interventions-for-uncomplicated-obesity-weight-loss-well-being-and-impact-on-eating-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Tina Peckmezian, Phillipa Hay
OBJECTIVE: Most weight loss research focuses on weight as the primary outcome, often to the exclusion of other physiological or psychological measures. This study aims to provide a holistic evaluation of the effects from weight loss interventions for individuals with obesity by examining the physiological, psychological and eating disorders outcomes from these interventions. METHODS: Databases Medline, PsycInfo and Cochrane Library (2011-2016) were searched for randomised controlled trials and systematic reviews of obesity treatments (dietary, exercise, behavioural, psychological, pharmacological or surgical)...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467032/comparative-effectiveness-of-treatments-for-binge-eating-disorder-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Christine M Peat, Nancy D Berkman, Kathleen N Lohr, Kimberly A Brownley, Carla M Bann, Katherine Cullen, Mary J Quattlebaum, Cynthia M Bulik
Psychological and pharmacological interventions for binge-eating disorder have previously demonstrated efficacy (compared with placebo or waitlist control); thus, we aimed to expand that literature with a review of comparative effectiveness. We searched MEDLINE,® EMBASE,® Cochrane Library, Academic OneFile, CINAHL® for binge-eating disorder treatment articles and selected studies using predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data were sufficient for network meta-analysis comparing two pharmacological interventions; psychological interventions were analysed qualitatively...
May 3, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
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