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Disinhibited eating

Gabriela Albuquerque, Milton Severo, Andreia Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: To assess early life characteristics associated with appetite-related eating behaviors in 7-year-old children. STUDY DESIGN: The participants are children from the population-based birth cohort Generation XXI. Data on sociodemographics, health, and lifestyles and anthropometrics were collected at birth, and 4- and 7-year-old evaluations. A Portuguese version of the Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire was completed by mothers (n = 3562 children) with children aged 7 years old...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Hayley A Young, Heather Watkins
Reducing the glycemic load (GL) of the diet may benefit appetite control but its utility is complicated by psychological influences on eating. Disinhibited behaviour, a risk factor for overconsumption, is characterized by reduced prefrontal cortex activity, which in turn modulates vagal tone; a phenomenon associated with glucoregulation. This double blind randomised controlled trial explored for the first time the influence of disinhibited eating and vagal tone (heart rate variability (HRV)) on hunger and the postprandial response to GL...
October 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
Maudrene Ls Tan, Eric Yh Khoo, Konstadina Griva, Yung Seng Lee, Mohamed Amir, Yasmin Lm Zuniga, Jeannette Lee, E Shyong Tai, Hwee Lin Wee
INTRODUCTION: The Diabetes Health Profile-18 (DHP-18) measures diabetes-related psychological well-being in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It includes 3 subscales: psychological distress (PD), barriers to activity and disinhibited eating. The psychometric properties of the DHP have not been evaluated in Asia. The aim of this study was to determine the psychometric properties of the DHP in multiethnic Singapore. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients between the ages of 18 to 65 diagnosed with diabetes (either type 1 or type 2) for at least 1 year were recruited from a diabetes outpatient clinic in a tertiary hospital...
September 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
Lisa M Shank, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Nichole R Kelly, Natasha A Schvey, Shannon E Marwitz, Rim D Mehari, Sheila M Brady, Andrew P Demidowich, Miranda M Broadney, Ovidiu A Galescu, Courtney K Pickworth, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski
BACKGROUND: Loss of control (LOC) eating in youth is associated with excess body weight and adiposity. After adjusting for fat mass, youth with LOC eating have higher blood pressure and higher low-density lipoprotein cholesterol compared to youth without LOC eating. Increased inflammation may account for this relationship, although few data have examined this hypothesis. Therefore, this study explored the association between LOC eating and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), a marker of inflammation...
October 12, 2016: Childhood Obesity
Martin R Yeomans, John Prescott
Pairing an odor and taste can change ratings of the odor's perceptual and hedonic characteristics. Behavioral indices of such changes are lacking and here we measured sniffing to assess learned changes in odor liking due to pairing with sweet and bitter tastes. Participants were divided on their liking for sweetness, as well as dietary disinhibition (Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire-Disinhibition scale [TFEQ-D]), both of which influence hedonic odor-taste learning. In sweet likers, both sniff duration and peak amplitude increased for the sweet-paired odor...
October 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Animal Learning and Cognition
Tomoyuki Nagata, Shinichiro Nakajima, Shunichiro Shinagawa, Eric Plitman, Ariel Graff-Guerrero, Masaru Mimura, Kazuhiko Nakayama
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine psychosocial and clinico-demographic factors related to each symptomatic cluster (i.e., aggressiveness, psychosis, apathy/eating problems, and emotion/disinhibition) of neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPSs) in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) needing interventional treatment against their agitation or psychotic symptoms. These clusters were classified from 12 Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) subscores in our previous study using the Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness-Alzheimer's Disease (CATIE-AD) dataset...
October 7, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
C H Seage, M Lee
The Three Factors Eating Questionnaire's measure of disinhibited eating is a robust predictor of long-term weight gain. This experiment explored if disinhibited eaters display attentional bias to food cues. Participants (N = 45) completed a visual dot probe task which measured responses to food (energy dense and low energy foods) and neutral cues. Picture pairs were displayed either for a 100 ms or 2000 ms duration. All participants displayed attentional bias for energy dense food items. Indices of attentional bias were largest in disinhibited eaters...
September 28, 2016: Appetite
Andrea Figura, Matthias Rose, Jürgen Ordemann, Burghard F Klapp, Anne Ahnis
BACKGROUND: Patients with severe obesity need to adapt to surgically induced changes in their eating behaviors to maintain treatment success. OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effects of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on weight loss and on 3 dimensions of eating behavior, namely, cognitive restraint, disinhibition, and hunger. Outcomes of the LSG group were compared with a group of conservatively treated (CT) patients, who underwent a 1-year multimodal weight-reduction group program that included dietary advice, physical exercise, psychoeducation, cognitive-behavioral therapy, training in Jacobson's progressive muscle relaxation, and social group support...
August 5, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Laura Lorenzo-López, Carmen de Labra, Ana Maseda, Trinidad Lorenzo, Helena Agrafojo, José Luis Rodríguez-Villamil, Isabel González-Abraldes, José C Millán-Calenti
Prevalence of neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) and correlation between its intensity and caregiver distress were evaluated as a function of the care-setting in a cross-sectional study including 72 patient-caregiver dyads. The Neuropsychiatric Inventory and the Caregiver Distress Scale were administered. The most prevalent symptoms were: in the formal care-setting, agitation/aggression and depression/dysphoria (42.4%), and in the informal care-setting, aberrant motor behavior (59.0%). While changes in appetite and eating behaviors, depression/dysphoria and irritability/lability were more prevalent in the formal care-setting (p < ...
September 9, 2016: Geriatric Nursing
Sadanandavalli Retnaswami Chandra, Thomas Gregor Issac, Suresh Kumar Korada, Karru Venkata Ravi Teja, Mariamma Philip
INTRODUCTION: About 20-50% of relatively young onset dementia belongs to frontotemporal type. Most of these patients are diagnosed as psychiatric illness as their memory and instrumental activities of daily living remain unaltered till late and most of these patients do not qualify for dementia by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV criteria. In this study, we analyzed the behavioral symptoms in our patients with radiologically and neuropsychologically proven as probable behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (FTD)...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Na-Yeon Jung, Hee Jin Kim, Yeo Jin Kim, Seonwoo Kim, Sang Won Seo, Eun-Joo Kim, Duk L Na
BACKGROUND: Neuropsychiatric symptoms of subcortical vascular dementia (SVaD) are mainly associated with damage to frontal-subcortical circuits and may be similar to symptoms of behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD). The aim of this study was to determine whether the neuropsychiatric manifestations of the Pittsburgh compound B (PiB)-negative SVaD and bvFTD groups differ. METHODS: We compared the Caregiver-Administered Neuropsychiatry Inventory (CGA-NPI) between 48 patients with PiB(-) SVaD and 31 patients with bvFTD...
November 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Rozanne Kruger, Jacqui G De Bray, Kathryn L Beck, Cathryn A Conlon, Welma Stonehouse
Obesity is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, yet is preventable. This study aimed to investigate associations between body mass index, body fat percentage and obesity-related eating behaviors. Women (n = 116; 18-44 years) were measured for height, weight and body fat using air displacement plethysmography (BodPod). Women completed the validated Three Factor Eating Questionnaire to assess their eating behaviors using Restraint, Disinhibition and Hunger eating factor categories and sub-categories. The eating behavior data were analyzed for associations with body mass index and body fat percentage, and comparisons across body mass index and body fat percentage categories (< vs...
2016: Nutrients
Nichole R Kelly, Lauren B Shomaker, Rachel M Radin, Katherine A Thompson, Omni L Cassidy, Sheila Brady, Rim Mehari, Amber B Courville, Kong Y Chen, Ovidiu A Galescu, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Jack A Yanovski
OBJECTIVES: Short sleep duration and daytime sleepiness have been associated with an increased risk for the onset of type 2 diabetes in adults. There has been far less attention to the characterization of sleep in adolescents at-risk for diabetes or to the possible behavioral mechanisms, such as disinhibited eating, through which sleep may affect metabolic functioning. METHODS: We evaluated the associations of sleep duration and daytime sleepiness with a multi-modal assessment of disinhibited eating in 119 adolescent girls at-risk for type 2 diabetes based upon being overweight/obese and having a family history of diabetes...
August 2016: Eating Behaviors
Shaea A Alkahtni, Michelle Dalton, Omar Abuzaid, Omar Obeid, Graham Finlayson
The Leeds Food Preference Questionnaire (LFPQ) is a computerised procedure that assesses liking, wanting and relative preferences for shared characteristics of food. This study adapted the LFPQ (LFPQ-A) to assess its cross-cultural validity in an Arab sample by examining its performance for food characteristics of fat (high or low) and taste (sweet or nonsweet), under fasted and fed states. Individual differences in eating behaviour were examined by testing for associations between the LFPQ-A outcomes and subscales of the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ)...
2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Marcus Bandstein, Jessica Mwinyi, Barbara Ernst, Martin Thurnheer, Bernd Schultes, Helgi B Schiöth
OBJECTIVE: Bariatric surgery is the most efficient treatment of severe obesity. We investigated to what extent BMI- or waist-hip ratio (WHR)-related genetic variants are associated with excess BMI loss (EBMIL) two years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery, and elucidated the affected biological pathways. METHODS: Two-hundred fifty-one obese patients (age: 43 ± 10.7, preoperative BMI: 45.1 ± 6.1 kg/m(2), 186 women) underwent RYGB surgery and were followed up after two years with regard to BMI...
September 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Rasmus Isomaa, Ida-Lina Lukkarila, Teresa Ollila, Helena Nenonen, Pia Charpentier, Sanna Sinikallio, Leila Karhunen
BACKGROUND: Eating behaviour can be viewed as a continuum, ranging from extremely restrictive to extremely disinhibited eating. Valid and reliable instruments are needed to ensure detection of individuals with risk for eating disorders (ED). Self-report methods are the most feasible, cost, and time efficient. One of the most widely used self-reports is the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q). AIM: The aim of this study was to develop a Finnish version of the EDE-Q version 6...
October 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Eric Robinson, Michael Proctor, Melissa Oldham, Una Masic
Human eating behaviour is often studied in the laboratory, but whether the extent to which a participant believes that their food intake is being measured influences consumption of different meal items is unclear. Our main objective was to examine whether heightened awareness of observation of food intake affects consumption of different food items during a lunchtime meal. One hundred and fourteen female participants were randomly assigned to an experimental condition designed to heighten participant awareness of observation or a condition in which awareness of observation was lower, before consuming an ad libitum multi-item lunchtime meal in a single session study...
September 1, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
S R Winter, E H Feig, J Kounios, B Erickson, S Berkowitz, M R Lowe
Asymmetrical alpha activation in the prefrontal cortex (frontal asymmetry) in electroencephalography (EEG) has been related to eating behavior. Prior studies linked dietary restraint with right frontal asymmetry [1] and disinhibition with left frontal asymmetry [2]. The current study simultaneously assessed restrained eating and hedonic hunger (drive for food reward in the absence of hunger) in relation to frontal asymmetry. Resting-state EEG and measures of restrained eating (Revised Restraint Scale; RRS) and hedonic hunger (Power of Food Scale; PFS) were assessed in 61 non-obese adults...
September 1, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
Rebecca L Emery, Michele D Levine, John M Jakicic
Some women behaviorally compensate for the energy expended during exercise by increasing their energy intake or becoming more sedentary, thereby decreasing their energy expenditure. Although behavioral compensation can attenuate or even reverse the energy deficit generated by exercise, few data are available on predictors of compensatory responses to exercise. The present study aimed to identify eating-related predictors of compensatory changes in energy balance following exercise. Overweight and obese, physically inactive women (N=48) completed self-report measures of disinhibition and binge eating and participated in two experimental conditions, exercise and rest, in counterbalanced order...
August 2016: Eating Behaviors
Anna Myers, Catherine Gibbons, Graham Finlayson, John Blundell
BACKGROUND: There is considerable disagreement about the association between free-living physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour and obesity. Moreover studies frequently do not include measures that could mediate between PA and adiposity. The present study used a validated instrument for continuous tracking of sedentary and active behaviours as part of habitual daily living, together with measures of energy expenditure, body composition and appetite dysregulation. This cross-sectional study tested the relationship between inactivity and obesity...
April 4, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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