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Disinhibited eating

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651258/associations-between-core-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-both-binge-and-restrictive-eating
#1
Panagiota Kaisari, Colin T Dourish, Pia Rotshtein, Suzanne Higgs
Introduction: It is unclear whether core symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) relate to specific types of disordered eating and little is known about the mediating mechanisms. We investigated associations between core symptoms of ADHD and binge/disinhibited eating and restrictive eating behavior and assessed whether negative mood and/or deficits in awareness and reliance on internal hunger/satiety cues mediate these relationships. Methods: In two independent studies, we used a dimensional approach to study ADHD and disordered eating...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607713/association-of-24-h-maternal-deprivation-with-a-saline-injection-in-the-neonatal-period-alters-adult-stress-response-and-brain-monoamines-in-a-sex-dependent-fashion
#2
Rafael Cabbia, Amanda Consoli, Deborah Suchecki
Maternal deprivation (MD) disinhibits the adrenal glands, rendering them responsive to various stressors, including saline injection, and this increased corticosterone (CORT) response can last for as long as 2 h. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that association of MD on day 11 with a saline injection would alter emotional behavior, CORT response, and brain monoamine levels, in male and female adult rats. Rats were submitted to the novelty suppressed feeding (NSF), the sucrose negative contrast test (SNCT), social investigation test (SIT), and the elevated plus maze (EPM)...
April 1, 2018: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599485/neurocognitive-effects-of-umami-association-with-eating-behavior-and-food-choice
#3
Greta Magerowski, Gabrielle Giacona, Laura Patriarca, Konstantinos Papadopoulos, Paola Garza-Naveda, Joanna Radziejowska, Miguel Alonso-Alonso
Free glutamate, a key substance underlying the umami taste of foods, fulfills a number of physiological functions related to energy balance. Previous experimental studies have shown that intake of a broth or soup supplemented with monosodium glutamate (MSG) prior to a meal can decrease appetite and food intake, particularly in women with propensity to overeat and gain weight. In this study, we examined potential neurocognitive mechanisms underlying this effect. We evaluated changes after intake of a chicken broth with or without MSG added (MSG+/MSG-) in a sample of healthy young women...
March 30, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596854/brain-and-behavioral-correlates-of-insulin-resistance-in-youth-with-depression-and-obesity
#4
Manpreet K Singh, Sara M Leslie, Mary Melissa Packer, Yevgeniya V Zaiko, Owen R Phillips, Elizabeth Weisman, Danielle Wall, Booil Jo, Natalie L Rasgon
Depression, together with insulin resistance, is increasingly prevalent among youth. These conditions have traditionally been compartmentalized, but recent evidence suggests that a shared brain motivational network underlies their co-occurrence. We posit that, in the context of depressive symptoms, insulin resistance is associated with aberrant structure and functional connectivity in the Anterior Cingulate Cortex (ACC) and hippocampus. This motivational neural circuit underlies dysfunctional behavioral responses and increased sensitivity to rewarding aspects of ingesting high calorie food that lead to disinhibition of eating even when satiated...
March 26, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559426/weight-stigma-goes-viral-on-the-internet-systematic-assessment-of-youtube-comments-attacking-overweight-men-and-women
#5
Yongwoog Andrew Jeon, Brent Hale, Eric Knackmuhs, Michael Mackert
BACKGROUND: Anonymous verbal attacks against overweight individuals on social media are common and widespread. These comments often use negative, misogynist, or derogatory words, which stigmatize the targeted individuals with obesity. These verbal attacks may cause depression in overweight individuals, which could subsequently promote unhealthy eating behavior (ie, binge eating) and further weight gain. To develop an intervention policy and strategies that tackle the anonymous, Web-based verbal attacks, a thorough understanding of the comments is necessary...
March 20, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544188/do-participants-with-children-age-18-and-under-have-suboptimal-weight-loss
#6
Diane L Rosenbaum, Jocelyn E Remmert, Evan M Forman, Meghan L Butryn
OBJECTIVES: Parenthood is a time marked by behaviors that may promote risk for weight gain, including decreased physical activity and increased unhealthy eating. Little is known about parents in the context of behavioral weight loss, such as whether they differ in weight losses, and related barriers, or behaviors. METHOD: We compared parents of children aged 18 and younger (n = 105) to other participants who did not have children, or whose children were in adulthood (n = 215) in a behavioral weight loss program to evaluate six-month weight losses, and weight loss barriers and behaviors...
March 1, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533531/weight-change-over-the-course-of-binge-eating-disorder-treatment-relationship-to-binge-episodes-and-psychological-factors
#7
Carly R Pacanowski, Tyler B Mason, Ross D Crosby, James E Mitchell, Scott J Crow, Stephen A Wonderlich, Carol B Peterson
OBJECTIVE: Treatment for binge eating disorder (BED), a condition associated with both excess adiposity and psychological distress, has not typically produced significant weight loss despite reducing binge eating. Characterizing factors that promote or inhibit weight loss in individuals with co-occurring BED and obesity may help explain overall nonsignificant weight changes during treatment. METHODS: In this study, 189 adults with BED participated in a randomized clinical trial evaluating the efficacy of 5 months of cognitive behavioral therapy...
March 13, 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494790/flexible-eating-behavior-predicts-greater-weight-loss-following-a-diet-and-exercise-intervention-in-older-women
#8
Alison C Berg, Kristen B Johnson, Chad R Straight, Rachelle A Reed, Patrick J O'Connor, Ellen M Evans, Mary Ann Johnson
Eating behaviors (cognitive restraint, flexible and rigid restraint, disinhibition, hunger) have been associated with obesity and weight loss success in middle-aged individuals, but little is known about these relationships in older adults. This study examined relationships between eating behaviors and weight loss in overweight/obese older women (n = 61; 69 ± 3.6 years; body mass index = 31.1 ± 5.0 kg/m2 ) completed a 6-month behavioral weight loss intervention. Baseline, postintervention, and change measures of eating behaviors (51-items Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire) were assessed for relationships with weight loss...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479461/early-predictors-of-weight-loss-in-a-1-year-behavioural-weight-loss-programme
#9
B L James, L S Roe, E Loken, B J Rolls
Objective: Identifying early predictors of weight loss is key for developing personalized treatment. However, few individual factors have been identified that predict weight loss during intervention, other than early weight loss itself. Methods: Women with overweight or obesity (n = 186, mean ± SD age 50.0 ± 10.6 years, body mass index 34.0 ± 4.2 kg m-2 ) participated in the Portion-Control Strategies Trial, a 1-year randomized controlled weight-loss trial with three intervention groups...
February 2018: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462339/a-pilot-study-of-neural-correlates-of-loss-of-control-eating-in-children-with-overweight-obesity-probing-intermittent-access-to-food-as-a-means-of-eliciting-disinhibited-eating
#10
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Daniel P Dickstein, Annmarie E MacNamara, K Luan Phan, Setareh O'Brien, Daniel Le Grange, Jennifer O Fisher, Sarah Keedy
Objective: Neural substrates of loss of control (LOC) eating are undercharacterized. We aimed to model intermittent access to food to elicit disinhibited eating in youth undergoing neuroimaging, given evidence that restricted food access may increase subsequent food intake via enhancing reward value of food and diminishing eating-related self-control. Methods: Participants were 18 preadolescents (aged 9-12 years) who were overweight/obese with recent LOC eating (OW-LOC; n = 6); overweight/obese with no history of LOC eating (OW-CON; n = 5); or non-overweight with no history of LOC eating (NW-CON; n = 7)...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431452/smoking-by-young-women-with-restrained-eating-following-a-food-prime-in-the-context-of-an-alternative-distractor
#11
Michelle A Kovacs, Amanda M Palmer, John B Correa, Thomas H Brandon
Female smokers with elevated dietary restraint (high restrainers) may smoke more than nonrestrained eaters after a disinhibiting food event. The current study aimed to determine whether high restrainers smoke merely to distract themselves from unplanned eating or whether the weight-control aspects of smoking play a role. Primary aims were to test the effect of restraint status and a food prime on smoking and eating behavior in the presence of an alternative distractor (a computer tablet) and to examine the role of expectancies...
February 12, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416869/cultural-differences-in-food-and-shape-related-attitudes-and-eating-behavior-are-associated-with-differences-of-body-mass-index-in-the-same-food-environment-cross-sectional-results-from-the-seafarer-nutrition-study-of-kiribati-and-european-seafarers-on-merchant
#12
Joachim Westenhoefer, Robert von Katzler, Hans-Joachim Jensen, Birgit-Christiane Zyriax, Bettina Jagemann, Volker Harth, Marcus Oldenburg
Background: Overweight and obesity is quite prevalent among seafarers. The present study examined differences in BMI and their association with weight, shape and nutrition related attitudes and perceptions among seafarer from Kiribati, a Pacific Island Group, and European origin. Methods: The Seafarer Nutrition Study compared 48 Kiribati and 33 European male seafarers from 4 commercial merchant ships. BMI was calculated from measured weight and height. Attitudes to weight, shape and nutrition and disinhibition of control as a characteristic of eating behavior were assessed in a structured interview...
2018: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411242/predictors-of-binge-eating-among-bariatric-surgery-candidates-disinhibition-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-depressive-symptoms-and-binge-eating
#13
Stephanie Cox, Cassie Brode
BACKGROUND: Current and lifetime psychopathology is common in adult patients seeking bariatric surgery, with major depressive disorder and binge eating disorder affecting a higher proportion of this group than the general population. While depressive symptoms have been previously associated with eating pathology, potential mediators of this relationship are not well understood. METHODS: This study used a naturalistic, retrospective design to investigate cognitive and behavioral aspects of eating behavior (cognitive restraint, disinhibition, and hunger) as potential mediators of the relationship between depressive symptoms and binge eating within a sample of 119 adult patients (82...
February 7, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407527/mindfulness-and-laboratory-eating-behavior-in-adolescent-girls-at-risk-for-type-2-diabetes
#14
Shelly K Annameier, Nichole R Kelly, Amber B Courville, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Jack A Yanovski, Lauren B Shomaker
Mindfulness-based intervention has become increasingly popular to address disinhibited eating in obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Theoretically, present-moment attention promotes the ability to recognize and respond to internal hunger cues and to differentiate physiological hunger from other stimuli. Yet, there is limited research describing the relationship of mindfulness with disinhibited eating patterns in adolescents. In this study, we evaluated the relationship of dispositional mindfulness to laboratory eating in 107 adolescent (12-17 years) girls at risk for T2D...
January 30, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331366/eating-in-the-absence-of-hunger-is-related-to-loss-of-control-eating-hedonic-hunger-and-short-term-weight-gain-in-normal-weight-women
#15
Emily H Feig, Amani D Piers, Tanja V E Kral, Michael R Lowe
Eating beyond physiological need contributes to obesity onset. Measuring this behavior could help identify those at risk for weight gain. This study measured eating in the absence of hunger (EAH) and its relationship with weight change and self-report measures related to appetite and eating behavior. EAH was assessed in 46 lean young women (69% pre-selected for weight gain proneness) after lunch and defined as the number of calories subsequently consumed from snacks. Participants also completed questionnaires, and their body weights were measured regularly over the next year...
April 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282408/behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-correlates-and-impact-on-caregiver-distress
#16
Adreesh Mukherjee, Atanu Biswas, Arijit Roy, Samar Biswas, Goutam Gangopadhyay, Shyamal Kumar Das
Aims: To evaluate the behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), to determine their correlation with types and stages of dementia and patient demographics, and to assess the impact on caregiver distress. Methods: This cross-sectional study recruited consecutive dementia patients and caregivers who attended our cognitive clinic. Standard criteria were used to classify types of dementia. BPSD were assessed with the Neuropsychiatric Inventory, and its distress scale was used for caregiver distress...
September 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202529/-characteristics-of-cognitive-function-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-versus-behavioral-variant-frontotemporal-dementia
#17
L L Zhang, Y Wang, Y Cheng, N Zhang
Objective: To compare the differences in cognitive function and behavioral and psychological symptoms between patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD). Methods: Thirty-six AD patients and 20 bvFTD patients at mild-to-moderate stage, who were biomarker-confirmed by positron emission tomography (PET), were assessed with a neuropsychological battery and neuropsychiatry inventory (NPI). Cognitive domains, including memory, language, information processing speed and executive function, and behavioral and psychological symptoms were assessed and compared...
December 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185929/impact-of-a-non-restrictive-satiating-diet-on-anthropometrics-satiety-responsiveness-and-eating-behaviour-traits-in-obese-men-displaying-a-high-or-a-low-satiety-phenotype
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Hélène Arguin, Angelo Tremblay, John E Blundell, Jean-Pierre Després, Denis Richard, Benoît Lamarche, Vicky Drapeau
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of a non-restrictive satiating diet in men displaying various degrees of satiety efficiency. In all, sixty-nine obese men aged 41·5 (sd 5·7) years were randomly assigned to a control (10-15, 55-60 and 30 % energy as protein, carbohydrate and lipid, respectively; n 34) or satiating (20-25, 45-50 and 30-35 % energy as protein, carbohydrate and lipid, respectively; n 35) diet for 16 weeks, and were classified as having a low (LSP) or high (HSP) satiety phenotype...
November 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128522/neurobiological-evidence-for-attention-bias-to-food-emotional-dysregulation-disinhibition-and-deficient-somatosensory-awareness-in-obesity-with-binge-eating-disorder
#19
Roni Aviram-Friedman, Nerys Astbury, Christopher N Ochner, Isobel Contento, Allan Geliebter
OBJECTIVES: To refine the biobehavioral markers of binge eating disorder (BED). METHODS: We conducted fMRI brain scans using images of high energy processed food (HEPF), low energy unprocessed food (LEUF), or non-foods (NF) in 42 adults (obese with BED [obese -BED; n=13] and obese with no BED [obese non-BED; n=29]) selected via ads. Two blood oxygenated level dependent (BOLD) signal contrast maps were examined: food versus nonfood, and HEPF versus LEUF. In addition, score differences on the disinhibition scale were correlated with BOLD signals...
February 1, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124856/comparison-of-anthropometrical-parameters-and-dietary-habits-of-young-women-with-and-without-menstrual-disorders
#20
Karolina Łagowska, Daria Kazmierczak, Katarzyna Szymczak
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional status and dietary habits of young women, in order to explore their relationship with the menstrual cycle and to determine the proportion of women with menstrual cycle irregularities. METHODS: A total of 348 young women aged 15-25 years (19.7 ± 3.7 years) participated in the study and were assigned to a younger group (15-18 years; YG) or an older group (19-25 years; OG). Two subgroups were also distinguished: women with menstrual disorders (MD) and women with regular cycles (RC)...
November 10, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
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