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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145686/-the-use-of-partial-nephrectomy-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-pt1-pt2-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-trend-analysis-from-a-tertiary-referral-centre
#1
Bernhard Ralla, Stephanie Buhl, Irena Goranova, Margit Pohle, Andreas Maxeiner, Frank Friedersdorff, Ahmed Magheli, Stefan Hinz, Tom F Fuller, Kurt Miller, Jonas Busch
Introduction In patients with localised renal cell carcinoma, the only curative treatment option is surgical tumour excision. Current national and European guidelines recommend partial nephrectomy in the form of an open or minimally-invasive procedure in case of small tumours. The aim of this study was to examine the use of radical (RN) or partial (PN) nephrectomy performed as open or minimally-invasive procedures in patients with pT1 /pT2 renal cell carcinoma at a tertiary referral centre. Patients and Methods This retrospective study included a total of 758 patients with localised renal cell carcinoma (pT1/pT2), who underwent PN or RN between 01/2008 and 10/2014...
November 16, 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145345/the-role-of-sativex-in-robotic-rehabilitation-in-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis-rationale-study-design-and-methodology
#2
Margherita Russo, Vincenzo Dattola, Anna Lisa Logiudice, Rosella Ciurleo, Edoardo Sessa, Rosaria De Luca, Placido Bramanti, Alessia Bramanti, Antonino Naro, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
INTRODUCTION: Currently, none of the available multiple sclerosis (MS) disease-modifying medications has been shown to stop or reverse gait disability. Recently, the nabiximols has been tested for the treatment of spasticity and walking impairment in MS. Nabiximols (trade name Sativex) is an oromucosal spray formulation containing 1:1 fixed ratio of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol derived from cloned Cannabis sativa L. plant. METHOD AND ANALYSIS: A single-center, prospective, parallel design, single-blind trial will be conducted at the IRCCS Neurolesi "Bonino-Pulejo" (Italy) involving MS patients affected by spasticity and undergoing a Robotic Rehabilitation training...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144911/re-advanced-reconstruction-of-vesicourethral-support-arvus-during-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-one-year-functional-outcomes-in-a-two-group-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144910/re-pediatric-robot-assisted-redo-pyeloplasty-with-buccal-mucosa-graft-a-novel-technique
#4
Jeffrey A Cadeddu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144626/super-selective-robot-assisted-partial-nephrectomy-using-near-infrared-flurorescence-versus-early-unclamping-of-the-renal-artery-results-of-a-prospective-matched-pair-analysis
#5
Cecilia Lanchon, Valentin Arnoux, Gaëlle Fiard, Jean-Luc Descotes, Jean-Jacques Rambeaud, Jean-Benjamin Lefrancq, Delphine Poncet, Nicolas Terrier, Camille Overs, Quentin Franquet, Jean-Alexandre Long
INTRODUCTION: Super-selective clamping of tumor-specific segmental arteries was developed to eliminate ischemia of the remnant kidney while limiting hemorrhage during partial nephrectomy. The objective is to evaluate the benefice of super-selective clamping on renal functional outcome, compared to early-unclamping of the renal artery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From March 2015 to July 2016, data from 30 patients undergoing super-selective robot-assisted PN (RAPN) for a solitary tumor by a single surgeon were prospectively collected...
November 19, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141879/lower-limb-biomechanical-analysis-during-an-unanticipated-step-on-a-bump-reveals-specific-adaptations-of-walking-on-uneven-terrains
#6
Fausto A Panizzolo, Sangjun Lee, Taira Miyatake, Denise Martineli Rossi, Christopher Siviy, Jozefien Speeckaert, Ignacio Galiana, Conor J Walsh
Although it is clear that walking over different irregular terrain is associated with altered biomechanics, there is little understanding of how we quickly adapt to unexpected variations in terrain. This study aims to investigate which adaptive strategies humans adopt when performing an unanticipated step on an irregular surface, specifically a small bump. Nine healthy male participants walked at their preferred walking speed along a straight walkway during five conditions: four involving unanticipated bumps of two different heights, and one level walking condition...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141046/the-effect-of-observing-novice-and-expert-performance-on-acquisition-of-surgical-skills-on-a-robotic-platform
#7
David J Harris, Samuel J Vine, Mark R Wilson, John S McGrath, Marie-Eve LeBel, Gavin Buckingham
BACKGROUND: Observational learning plays an important role in surgical skills training, following the traditional model of learning from expertise. Recent findings have, however, highlighted the benefit of observing not only expert performance but also error-strewn performance. The aim of this study was to determine which model (novice vs. expert) would lead to the greatest benefits when learning robotically assisted surgical skills. METHODS: 120 medical students with no prior experience of robotically-assisted surgery completed a ring-carrying training task on three occasions; baseline, post-intervention and at one-week follow-up...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140826/effects-of-integrating-rhythmic-arm-swing-into-robot-assisted-walking-in-patients-with-subacute-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#8
Tae-Woo Kang, Duck-Won Oh, Ji-Hyun Lee, Heon-Seock Cynn
This study aimed to identify the effects of rhythmic arm swing during robot-assisted walking training on balance, gait, motor function, and activities of daily living among patients with subacute stroke. Twenty patients with subacute stroke were recruited, and thereafter randomly allocated to either the experimental group that performed the robot-assisted walking training with rhythmic arm swing, or the control group that performed the training in arm fixation. In total, 30 training sessions were carried out...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137676/a-medium-invasiveness-multi-level-patient-s-specific-template-for-pedicle-screw-placement-in-the-scoliosis-surgery
#9
Farhad Azimifar, Kamran Hassani, Amir Hossein Saveh, Farhad Tabatabai Ghomsheh
BACKGROUND: Several methods including free-hand technique, fluoroscopic guidance, image-guided navigation, computer-assisted surgery system, robotic platform and patient's specific templates are being used for pedicle screw placement. These methods have screw misplacements and are not always easy to be applied. Furthermore, it is necessary to expose completely a large portions of the spine in order to access fit entirely around the vertebrae. METHODS: In this study, a multi-level patient's specific template with medium invasiveness was proposed for pedicle screw placement in the scoliosis surgery...
November 14, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135417/retzius-sparing-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-is-safe-for-patients-with-prior-transurethral-prostate-surgery
#10
Lawrence H C Kim, Glen Denmer Santok, Ali Abdel Raheem, Kidon Chang, Trenton Lum, Byung Ha Chung, Young Deuk Choi, Koon Ho Rha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134385/robotic-assisted-multivisceral-resection-for-rectal-cancer-short-term-outcomes-at-a-single-center
#11
H Hino, T Yamaguchi, Y Kinugasa, A Shiomi, H Kagawa, Y Yamakawa, M Numata, A Furutani, Y Yamaoka, S Manabe, T Suzuki, S Kato
BACKGROUND: The safety and feasibility of robotic-assisted multivisceral resection for locally advanced rectal cancer remain unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the short-term outcomes of this procedure at our institution. METHODS: From December 2011 to December 2016, patients who underwent robotic-assisted multivisceral resection for rectal cancer were investigated. Patient demographics, treatment characteristics, perioperative outcomes, and pathological results were evaluated retrospectively...
November 13, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133165/infant-crossed-renal-ectopia-with-upj-obstruction-repaired-via-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-pyeloplasty
#12
K Puttmann, G O Huang, J T White, K Kukreja, A Seth, C J Koh
INTRODUCTION: We present a robot-assisted approach to surgical treatment of UPJ obstruction associated with crossed renal ectopia in a male infant. METHODS: A 31 year-old woman presented at 37 weeks gestation for prenatal hydronephrosis and delivered at 39 weeks. Renal ultrasound identified the bladder and right kidney in a crossed ectopic position in the left pelvis, and MRI showed the cystic lesion to be hydronephrosis associated with a ureteropelvic junction obstruction of the crossed ectopic right kidney...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131387/laparoscopic-mesh-repair-of-a-labial-hernia
#13
Philippe Grange, Fevzi Shakir, Ganesh Thiagamoorthy, George Araklitis, Dudley Robinson, Linda Cardozo
AIMS: To present a narrated video designed to demonstrate the steps involved in a laparoscopic mesh repair of a labial hernia. METHODS: This was in a 76-year-old woman who presented with a small bowel hernia in to her left labium majus. In 2014 she had a robotically assisted radical cystectomy for bladder cancer with anterior exenteration. She developed the hernia in February 2015 and initially a vaginal approach was attempted to repair the hernia (with layered non-absorbable sutures to close the fascia over the defect) at her local hospital, although this was unsuccessful...
November 13, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131348/the-value-of-contrast-enhanced-laparoscopic-ultrasound-during-robotic-assisted-surgery-for-primary-colorectal-cancer
#14
Signe Bremholm Ellebaek, Claus Wilki Fristrup, Torsten Pless, Peiman Hossein Poornoroozy, Per Vadgaard Andersen, Bassam Mahdi, Michael Bau Mortensen
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the potential clinical value of contrast enhanced laparoscopic ultrasonography (CE-LUS) as a screening modality for liver metastases during robotic assisted surgery for primary colorectal cancer (CRC). METHOD: A prospective, descriptive (feasibility) study including 50 consecutive patients scheduled for robotic assisted surgery for primary CRC. CE-LUS was performed by 2 experienced specialists. Only patients without metastatic disease were included...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131165/self-recalibration-of-a-robot-assisted-structured-light-based-measurement-system
#15
Jing Xu, Rui Chen, Shuntao Liu, Yong Guan
The structured-light-based measurement method is widely employed in numerous fields. However, for industrial inspection, to achieve complete scanning of a work piece and overcome occlusion, the measurement system needs to be moved to different viewpoints. Moreover, frequent reconfiguration of the measurement system may be needed based on the size of the measured object, making the self-recalibration of extrinsic parameters indispensable. To this end, this paper proposes an automatic self-recalibration and reconstruction method, wherein a robot arm is employed to move the measurement system for complete scanning; the self-recalibration is achieved using fundamental matrix calculations and point cloud registration without the need for an accurate calibration gauge...
November 10, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131002/low-tidal-volume-positive-end-expiratory-pressure-versus-high-tidal-volume-zero-positive-end-expiratory-pressure-and-postoperative-pulmonary-functions-in-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy
#16
Murat Haliloglu, Beliz Bilgili, Mehtap Ozdemir, Tumay Umuroglu, Nurten Bakan
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to compare the effects of low tidal volume (VT) and moderate positive end-expiratory pressure(PEEP) with high tidal volume (VT) and zero end-expiratory pressure(ZEEP), on postoperative pulmonary functions and oxygenation in patients undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty-four (44) patients were randomized into low VT-PEEP and high VT-ZEEP groups. The patients were ventilated with VT of 6 ml/kg and 8 cmH2O PEEP in low VT-PEEP group and VT of 10 ml/kg and 0 cmH2O PEEP in high VT-ZEEP group...
October 31, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128788/inclusion-of-service-robots-in-the-daily-lives-of-frail-older-users-a-step-by-step-definition-procedure-on-users-requirements
#17
Álvaro García-Soler, David Facal, Unai Díaz-Orueta, Lucia Pigini, Lorenzo Blasi, Renxi Qiu
The implications for the inclusion of robots in the daily lives of frail older adults, especially in relation to these population needs, have not been extensively studied. The "Multi-Role Shadow Robotic System for Independent Living" (SRS) project has developed a remotely-controlled, semi-autonomous robotic system to be used in domestic environments. The objective of this paper is to document the iterative procedure used to identify, select and prioritize user requirements. Seventy-four requirements were identified by means of focus groups, individual interviews and scenario-based interviews...
October 31, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128688/classification-and-analysis-of-the-natural-corner-curving-motion-of-humans-based-on-gait-motion
#18
Yasuhiro Akiyama, Hitoshi Toda, Takao Ogura, Shogo Okamoto, Yoji Yamada
The curving motion of the human body is more complex than gait motion for straight walking. In particular, when human can freely curve corners, the gait motion varies among and even within individuals. However, is it not possible to classify natural curving motion using a statistical method? This study investigates the natural curving motion, encompassing various walking paths selected by subjects, as opposed to previous studies that focused on specific stepping strategies or curving motion under precisely controlled conditions...
October 9, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128577/pathological-and-3-tesla-volumetric-mr-predictors-of-biochemical-recurrence-after-robotic-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-correlation-with-whole-mount-histopathology
#19
Nelly Tan, Luyao Shen, Pooria Khoshnoodi, Héctor E Alcalá, Weixia Yu, William Hsu, Robert E Reiter, David Y Lu, Steven S Raman
OBJECTIVE: To identify the clinical and MRI variables predictive of biochemical recurrence (BCR) after robotic assisted radical prostatectomy (RALP) in patients who underwent multi-parametric 3 Tesla prostate MR Imaging. METHODS: An IRB approved, HIPAA compliant, a single arm observational study with 3T mpMRI prior to RALP from December 2009 until March 2016 was performed. Clinical, MRI, pathological information and clinical outcome were compiled. Biochemical recurrence was defined as PSA greater > 0...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128439/robotic-splenectomy-for-isolated-splenic-recurrence-of-endometrial-adenocarcinoma
#20
Valerio Gallotta, Marco D'Indinosante, Camilla Nero, Maria Teresa Giudice, Carmine Conte, Claudio Lodoli, Gian Franco Zannoni, Anna Fagotti, Giovanni Scambia
OBJECTIVES: We present a rare case of an isolated intraparenchymal splenic metastasis of endometrial cancer managed with robotic-assisted surgery. METHODS: A 55-year-old patient with a history of endometrial cancer was found to have a splenic lesion during her follow-up exams. She underwent surgical staging (total hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oopherectomy, pelvic lymphadenectomy and peritoneal washing) in 2014 and the final pathologic findings showed an endometrioid endometrial adenocarcinoma, FIGO Stage IB G2...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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