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Rong Jin, Qing-Gang Zhu, Xin-Yue Shen, Miao-Miao Wang, Wajeeha Jamil, Donald Grierson, Xue-Ren Yin, Kun-Song Chen
Artificial high-CO2 atmosphere (AHCA, 95% CO2 and 1% O2) has been widely applied as a postharvest de-astringency treatment for persimmon fruit. AHCA increases expression of transcription factors, including ethylene response factors (DkERF), that target de-astringency genes. Here, the promoter of DkERF9, a previously characterized AHCA-inducible and de-astringency regulator, was utilized to screen a cDNA library by yeast one hybrid assay. A novel NAC transcription factor, named DkNAC7, was identified. Dual-luciferase assay indicated that DkNAC7 could not only trans-activate the promoter of DkERF9, but also activated the previously identified deastringency-related gene DkPDC2...
2018: PloS One
Qing-Gang Zhu, Zi-Yuan Gong, Miao-Miao Wang, Xian Li, Donald Grierson, Xue-Ren Yin, Kun-Song Chen
Plant responses to anaerobic environments are regulated by ethylene-response factors (ERFs) in both vegetative and productive organs, but the roles of other transcription factors (TFs) in hypoxia responses are poorly understood. In this study, eight TFs (DkbHLH1, DkMYB9/10/11, DkRH2-1, DkGT3-1, DkAN1-1, DkHSF1) were shown to be strongly up-regulated by an artificial high-CO2 atmosphere (1% O2 and 95% CO2). Dual-luciferase assays indicated that some TFs were activators of previously characterized DkERFs, including DkMYB10 for the DkERF9 promoter, DkERF18/19 and DkMYB6 for the DkERF19 promoter, and DkERF21/22 for the DkERF10 promoter...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
Timothy Stoltzfus Jost
We have just completed an exhausting nine-month debate on the future of the Affordable Care Act. I see this debate as having ended-as of this writing-in a draw. After months of repeal efforts, Republicans in the House barely passed in early May, with a 217-to-213 margin, the American Health Care Act, which would have significantly amended the ACA. Republicans in the Senate spent the summer trying to arrive at amendments to the AHCA that could attract fifty of their fifty-two votes, but in the end, the clock ran out on their opportunity to enact an amendment without Democratic input...
October 27, 2017: Hastings Center Report
Joshua A Hirsch, Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Bibb Allen, Greg N Nicola, Richard P Klucznik, Laxmaiah Manchikanti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Thomas R Campi, Sharon George, Diego Villacís, Melissa Ward-Peterson, Noël C Barengo, Juan C Zevallos
Patients with mental illness carry risk factors that predispose them to excess cardiovascular mortality from an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) compared to the general population. The aim of this study was to determine if patients with AMI and charted mental illness (CMI) received less reperfusion therapy following an AMI, compared to AMI patients without CMI in a recent sample population from Florida.A secondary analysis of data was conducted using the Florida Agency for Health Care Administration (FL-AHCA) hospital discharge registry...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Toni-Marie L Hudson, Benjamin G Klekamp, Sarah D Matthews
OBJECTIVES: Heroin-related deaths have increased substantially in the past 10 years in the United States, particularly in Florida. Our objectives were to measure heroin-related morbidity and mortality rates in Orange County, Florida, and to assess trends in those rates during 2010-2014. METHODS: We used 3 heroin surveillance methods, based on data from the Florida Medical Examiner, the Florida Agency for Health Care Administration (AHCA), and the Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-Based Epidemics-Florida (ESSENCE-FL)...
July 2017: Public Health Reports
Leighton Ku, Erika Steinmetz, Erin Brantley, Nikhil Holla, Brian K Bruen
ISSUE: The American Health Care Act (AHCA), passed by the U.S. House of Representatives, would repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act. The Congressional Budget Office indicates that the AHCA could increase the number of uninsured by 23 million by 2026. GOAL: To determine the consequences of the AHCA on employment and economic activity in every state. METHODS: We compute changes in federal spending and revenue from 2018 to 2026 for each state and use the PI+ model to project the effects on states’ employment and economies...
June 2017: Issue Brief of the Commonwealth Fund
Matthew Fiedler, Henry J Aaron, Loren Adler, Paul B Ginsburg
On May 4, the U.S. House of Representatives resurrected Republican efforts to enact major health care legislation by narrowly passing the American Health Care Act (AHCA). A growing body of analytic work, including a Congressional Budget Office (CBO) assessment delivered on May 24, paints a dismal..
June 22, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
Joshua A Hirsch, Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Greg N Nicola, H Benjamin Harvey, Richard Duszak, Ezequiel Silva, Robert M Barr, Richard P Klucznik, Allan L Brook, Laxmaiah Manchikanti
On 8 November 2016 the American electorate voted Donald Trump into the Presidency and a majority of Republicans into both houses of Congress. Since many Republicans ran for elected office on the promise to 'repeal and replace' Obamacare, this election result came with an expectation that campaign rhetoric would result in legislative action on healthcare. The American Health Care Act (AHCA) represented the Republican effort to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act (ACA). Key elements of the AHCA included modifications of Medicaid expansion, repeal of the individual mandate, replacement of ACA subsidies with tax credits, and a broadening of the opportunity to use healthcare savings accounts...
June 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Peter Boland
From Obamacare to Trumpcare: Why You Should Care by Harry Nelson and Rob Fuller challenges the policy of both Democrats and Republicans. It explains how our country is so ideologically polarized that a consensus on health care is unlikely to emerge for the foreseeable future.
April 2017: Managed Care
Timothy Stoltzfus Jost
As the GOP worked to pass ACA repeal legislation, HHS finalized a market stabilization rule, and the debate over cost-sharing reduction payments continued.
June 1, 2017: Health Affairs
Timothy Stoltzfus Jost
With the GOP's ACA repeal-and-replace plan dead, at least for now, attention shifts to administrative action and other legislation.
May 1, 2017: Health Affairs
Petra W Rasmussen
Although the American Health Care Act (AHCA) was recently defeated, the policies in the bill represented a mix of ideas long favored by conservatives. If enacted, this repeal-and-replace bill would have had devastating consequences for most of the 5 million Californians currently receiving direct benefits from the Affordable Care Act (ACA), including more than 1 million who receive subsidies through Covered California and almost 4 million who have enrolled in the Medi-Cal expansion. Although the bill failed to garner enough votes for passage, it is likely that efforts to chip away at the ACA will continue and that some of the ideas contained within the AHCA will be revisited...
March 2017: Policy Brief
Hind Fadhil Abdullah Al-Gburi, Balsam Salim Al-Tawash, Hadi Salim Al-Lafta
AIM: (a) To determine the spatial distributions and levels of major and minor elements, as well as heavy metals, in water, sediment, and biota (plant and fish) in Al-Hammar Marsh, southern Iraq, and ultimately to supply more comprehensive information for policy-makers to manage the contaminants input into the marsh so that their concentrations do not reach toxic levels. (b) to characterize the seasonal changes in the marsh surface water quality. (c) to address the potential environmental risk of these elements by comparison with the historical levels and global quality guidelines (i...
February 2017: Heliyon
Nicholas Castle, Doug Olson, Urvi Shah, Kevin Hansen
BACKGROUND: This study explores the relationship between recipients of an association-sponsored Quality Award Program and select measures of quality in U.S. nursing facilities, examined both cross-sectionally and over time. METHOD: Data used came from Quality Award Program recipients over 9 years (2003-2011) and a set of quality indicators from the Online Survey Certification and Reporting (OSCAR) database. These data were analyzed using a variety of multivariate regression techniques...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
Daryl E Miller, Teresa E Roane, Jennifer A Salo, Heather C Hardin
BACKGROUND: Medication therapy management (MTM) programs were first introduced as a result of the 2003 Medicare Prescription Drug Improvement and Modernization Act. Since then, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) have established minimum requirements for health plans to follow in establishing patient eligibility for enrollment in these programs. The eligibility criteria are based on projected annual Part D medication costs, number of chronic disease states, and number of chronic Part D covered medications...
July 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Dustin D French, Curtis E Margo, Robert R Campbell, Paul B Greenberg
Cataract is the most common surgically reversible cause of vision loss and the most common major surgical procedure performed in the United States. To understand how gender composition might affect differences in health services, we examined the surgeon gender-specific rates of routine cataract surgery performed in ambulatory surgical centers in Florida. Routine cataract surgeries were identified through the Florida Agency for Health Care Administration (AHCA) ambulatory surgery center dataset. The background of individual surgeons was determined by linking license numbers in the dataset to physician profiles publicly available from AHCA...
March 2016: Journal of Medical Practice Management: MPM
Anna Ialynytchev, Alan M Sear, Arthur R Williams, Barbara Langland-Orban, Nanhua Zhang
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to identify the demographic and payer factors that are associated with lumbar fusion surgery. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted utilizing a population of 38,092 patients from the 2010 Florida Agency for Health Care Administration (AHCA), USA hospital discharge data. The case population included 16,236 records with any of five ICD-9-CM principal procedure codes for initial lumbar fusion. The control group was comprised of 21,856 patients who were admitted for the same principal diagnoses as the cases, but who did not have initial fusion surgery...
March 2017: European Spine Journal
Anna Ialynytchev, Alan M Sear, Arthur R Williams, Barbara Langland-Orban, Nanhua Zhang
STUDY DESIGN: A mixed-effects model was used to evaluate the effects specific surgical procedure by International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification, procedure code, patient age, sex, ethnic group, payers for the inpatient hospital stay, and number of additional diagnoses beyond the principal diagnosis that led to the procedure (as a proxy for severity of illness) on the charges for lumbar fusion surgery. OBJECTIVE: The present research examined the charges and the predictors of the charges for lumbar fusion surgery in Florida hospitals in 2010...
November 1, 2014: Spine
Hangshu Xin, Peiqiang Yu
In this experiment, brown- and yellow-seeded Brassica carinata were selected to use as a model to investigate whether there were any changes in lipid-related structure make-up (including CH3 and CH2 asymmetric and symmetric stretching bands ca. 3010-2765cm(-1), unsaturated lipid band ca. 3043-2987cm(-1) and carbonyl CO ester band ca. 1789-1701cm(-1)) of oilseed tissue during rumen in situ incubation using attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FT/IR). Correlations of lipid spectral characteristics with basic chemical profile and multivariate analyses for clarifying structural differences within lipid regions between two carinata seeds were also measured...
December 10, 2014: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
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