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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526093/canine-infection-with-borrelia-burgdorferi-dirofilaria-immitis-anaplasma-spp-and-ehrlichia-spp-in-canada-2013-2014
#1
Brian H Herrin, Andrew S Peregrine, Jonas Goring, Melissa J Beall, Susan E Little
BACKGROUND: Canine test results generated by veterinarians throughout Canada from 2013-2014 were evaluated to assess the geographical distribution of canine infection with Borrelia burgdorferi, Dirofilaria immitis, Ehrlichia spp., and Anaplasma spp. METHODS: The percent positive test results of 115,636 SNAP® 4Dx® Plus tests from dogs tested were collated by province and municipality to determine the distribution of these vector-borne infections in Canada. RESULTS: A total of 2,844/115,636 (2...
May 19, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525610/searching-for-clues-for-eighteen-years-deciphering-the-ecological-determinants-of-cryptococcus-gattii-on-vancouver-island-british-columbia
#2
Emily Sohanna Acheson, Eleni Galanis, Karen Bartlett, Sunny Mak, Brian Klinkenberg
Cryptococcus gattii emerged on Vancouver Island in 1999 for unknown reasons, causing human and animal fatalities and illness. The apparent emergence of this fungus in another temperate area, this time in the Pacific Northwest, suggests the fungus may have expanded its ecological niche. Yet studies that directly examine the potential roles of climatic and land use changes on C. gattii are still lacking. We aim to summarize the existing global literature on the ecology of C. gattii, with particular focus on the gap in knowledge surrounding the potential effects of climatic and land use changes...
May 19, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525551/who-among-the-elderly-is-most-vulnerable-to-exposure-and-health-risks-of-pm2-5-from-wildfire-smoke
#3
Jia Coco Liu, Ander Wilson, Loretta J Mickley, Keita Ebisu, Melissa P Sulprizio, Yun Wang, Roger D Peng, Xu Yue, Francesca Dominici, Michelle L Bell
Wildfires burn over 7 million US acres annually, according to the US Forest Service. Little is known regarding which subpopulations are more vulnerable to health risks from wildfire smoke, including fine particles. We estimated exposure to fine particles specifically from wildfires and associations between wildfire-specific fine particles and respiratory hospital admissions for subpopulations > 65 years in the Western US (2004-2009). Higher fractions of Blacks and people in urban counties and in California are exposed to > 1 smoke wave (high-pollution episodes from wildfire smoke) compared to other populations...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523297/the-ultraviolet-influence-upon-soft-eye-tissues
#4
Sanda Jurja, Mălina Coman, Mihaela Cezarina Hîncu
The climate changes, which occurred during the last decades, put all living species in front of new challenges. Human biology is no exception to it, all tissues have to face new effects, with unpredictable consequences. Many cancers, mainly affecting the skin, but also many of the eye various structures diseases, have ultraviolet radiation as recognized causative agent. The aim of our work is to highlight the changes that can occur after exposure to ultraviolet radiations of soft tissues, including eye structures, by reviewing data from the scientific literature regarding the matter...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520486/trends-in-school-related-victimization-of-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-youths-massachusetts-1995-2015
#5
Emily O'Malley Olsen, Alana M Vivolo-Kantor, Laura Kann, Chiniqua N Milligan
OBJECTIVES: To compare changes over time in prevalence of school victimization among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) students compared with heterosexual students. METHODS: We analyzed data from 11 Youth Risk Behavior Surveys conducted among representative samples of students in grades 9 through 12 in Massachusetts during 1995 to 2015. We used multivariable logistic regression models to identify trends over time by sexual identity. RESULTS: During 1995 to 2015, the prevalence of missing school decreased overall (from 5...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515660/environmental-factors-associated-with-the-distribution-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-endemic-areas-of-bangladesh-modeling-the-ecological-niche
#6
Abu Yousuf Md Abdullah, Ashraf Dewan, Md Rakibul Islam Shogib, Md Masudur Rahman, Md Faruk Hossain
BACKGROUND: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a parasitic infection (also called kala-azar in South Asia) caused by Leishmania donovani that is a considerable threat to public health in the Indian subcontinent, including densely populated Bangladesh. The disease seriously affects the poorest subset of the population in the subcontinent. Despite the fact that the incidence of VL results in significant morbidity and mortality, its environmental determinants are relatively poorly understood, especially in Bangladesh...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514452/isotopic-evidence-of-multiple-controls-on-atmospheric-oxidants-over-climate-transitions
#7
Lei Geng, Lee T Murray, Loretta J Mickley, Pu Lin, Qiang Fu, Andrew J Schauer, Becky Alexander
The abundance of tropospheric oxidants, such as ozone (O3) and hydroxyl (OH) and peroxy radicals (HO2 + RO2), determines the lifetimes of reduced trace gases such as methane and the production of particulate matter important for climate and human health. The response of tropospheric oxidants to climate change is poorly constrained owing to large uncertainties in the degree to which processes that influence oxidants may change with climate and owing to a lack of palaeo-records with which to constrain levels of atmospheric oxidants during past climate transitions...
May 17, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504631/-climate-change-floods-and-health-intervention
#8
Peter Furu, Siri Tellier, Lasse S Vestergaard
Climate change and variability are considered some of the biggest threats to human health in the 21st century. Extreme weather events such as floods and storms are examples of natural hazards resulting in highest number of disasters and with considerable mortality and morbidity among vulnerable communities. A coordinated, well-planned management of health interventions must be taken for timely action in the response, recovery, prevention and preparedness phases of disasters. Roles and responsibilities of international as well as national organizations and authorities are discussed...
May 15, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504437/seasonal-variation-of-tsetse-fly-species-abundance-and-prevalence-of-trypanosomes-in-the-maasai-steppe-tanzania
#9
Happiness J Nnko, Anibariki Ngonyoka, Linda Salekwa, Anna B Estes, Peter J Hudson, Paul S Gwakisa, Isabella M Cattadori
Tsetse flies, the vectors of trypanosomiasis, represent a threat to public health and economy in sub-Saharan Africa. Despite these concerns, information on temporal and spatial dynamics of tsetse and trypanosomes remain limited and may be a reason that control strategies are less effective. The current study assessed the temporal variation of the relative abundance of tsetse fly species and trypanosome prevalence in relation to climate in the Maasai Steppe of Tanzania in 2014-2015. Tsetse flies were captured using odor-baited Epsilon traps deployed in ten sites selected through random subsampling of the major vegetation types in the area...
June 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503179/molecular-and-evolutionary-mechanisms-of-cuticular-wax-for-plant-drought-tolerance
#10
REVIEW
Dawei Xue, Xiaoqin Zhang, Xueli Lu, Guang Chen, Zhong-Hua Chen
Cuticular wax, the first protective layer of above ground tissues of many plant species, is a key evolutionary innovation in plants. Cuticular wax safeguards the evolution from certain green algae to flowering plants and the diversification of plant taxa during the eras of dry and adverse terrestrial living conditions and global climate changes. Cuticular wax plays significant roles in plant abiotic and biotic stress tolerance and has been implicated in defense mechanisms against excessive ultraviolet radiation, high temperature, bacterial and fungal pathogens, insects, high salinity, and low temperature...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499771/the-key-role-of-the-meat-industry-in-transformation-to-a-low-carbon-climate-resilient-sustainable-economy
#11
Frank Rijsberman
Climate change, air pollution and refugees have become key global challenges threatening sustainability of lifestyles, economies and ecosystems. Agri-food systems are the number one driver of environmental change. Livestock production is the world's largest land user, responsible for half of greenhouse gas emissions from agri-food systems, and the source of repeated health crises. Poor diets have become the number one cause of ill health. Recommendations for a healthy diet emphasize plant-based food. Rapidly falling costs in information technology, biotechnology, renewable energy and battery technology will disrupt current energy and transportation systems and offer opportunities for responsible meat production...
April 26, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499120/characterising-bias-in-regulatory-risk-and-decision-analysis-an-analysis-of-heuristics-applied-in-health-technology-appraisal-chemicals-regulation-and-climate-change-governance
#12
Brian H MacGillivray
In many environmental and public health domains, heuristic methods of risk and decision analysis must be relied upon, either because problem structures are ambiguous, reliable data is lacking, or decisions are urgent. This introduces an additional source of uncertainty beyond model and measurement error - uncertainty stemming from relying on inexact inference rules. Here we identify and analyse heuristics used to prioritise risk objects, to discriminate between signal and noise, to weight evidence, to construct models, to extrapolate beyond datasets, and to make policy...
May 9, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492215/public-health-achievements-and-challenges-symposium-of-the-university-of-mostar-faculty-of-health-studies
#13
Jelena Ravlija, Ivan Vasilj, Dragan Babic, Inga Marijanovic
Public health is an important area of health care that reflects the readiness of the state and society to provide the welfare of all citizens through the promotion of health and the preservation of a healthy environment - factors that directly affect the health of the population. The field of public health is very broad and its concept is changing over time, being defined in a narrower and wider sense. In short, public health is a science and practice that aims at ensuring the conditions in which people can preserve and improve their health and prevent health damage...
May 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486185/biomass-burning-in-indo-china-peninsula-and-its-impacts-on-regional-air-quality-and-global-climate-change-a-review
#14
Ishwar Chandra Yadav, Ningombam Linthoingambi Devi, Jun Li, Jabir Hussain Syed, Gan Zhang, Hirozumi Watanabe
Although, many biomass burning (BB) emissions products (particulate matter and trace gases) are believed to be trans-boundary pollutants that originates from India and China (the two most populous countries in Asia), the information about BB emission and related contents is limited for Indo-China Peninsula (ICP) region. This motivated us to review this region pertaining to BB emission. The main objective of the review is to document the current status of BB emission in ICP region. In order to highlight the impact of BB on regional air quality and global climate change, the role of BB emission in ICP region is also discussed...
May 6, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484828/satellite-remote-sensing-for-coastal-management-a-review-of-successful-applications
#15
Matthew J McCarthy, Kaitlyn E Colna, Mahmoud M El-Mezayen, Abdiel E Laureano-Rosario, Pablo Méndez-Lázaro, Daniel B Otis, Gerardo Toro-Farmer, Maria Vega-Rodriguez, Frank E Muller-Karger
Management of coastal and marine natural resources presents a number of challenges as a growing global population and a changing climate require us to find better strategies to conserve the resources on which our health, economy, and overall well-being depend. To evaluate the status and trends in changing coastal resources over larger areas, managers in government agencies and private stakeholders around the world have increasingly turned to remote sensing technologies. A surge in collaborative and innovative efforts between resource managers, academic researchers, and industry partners is becoming increasingly vital to keep pace with evolving changes of our natural resources...
May 8, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483743/the-virtual-care-climate-questionnaire-development-and-validation-of-a-questionnaire-measuring-perceived-support-for-autonomy-in-a-virtual-care-setting
#16
Eline Suzanne Smit, Alexandra Lelia Dima, Stephanie Annette Maria Immerzeel, Bas van den Putte, Geoffrey Colin Williams
BACKGROUND: Web-based health behavior change interventions may be more effective if they offer autonomy-supportive communication facilitating the internalization of motivation for health behavior change. Yet, at this moment no validated tools exist to assess user-perceived autonomy-support of such interventions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and validate the virtual climate care questionnaire (VCCQ), a measure of perceived autonomy-support in a virtual care setting...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482734/is-hia-the-most-effective-tool-to-assess-the-impact-on-health-of-climate-change-mitigation-policies-at-the-local-level-a-case-study-in-geneva-switzerland
#17
Thierno Diallo, Nicola Cantoreggi, Jean Simos, Derek P T H Christie
This study aims to understand how the health dimension is integrated into four impact assessment tools used in Geneva, Switzerland: environmental impact assessment (EIA), strategic environmental assessment (SEA), sustainability assessment (SA) and health impact assessment (HIA). We have chosen as a case study greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction policies chosen by the city of Geneva. The methodological approach consists in analysing EIA, SEA, SA and HIA conducted on three projects in three topic areas: urban planning, heating and transportation...
May 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482313/air-pollution-in-china-status-and-spatiotemporal-variations
#18
Congbo Song, Lin Wu, Yaochen Xie, Jianjun He, Xi Chen, Ting Wang, Yingchao Lin, Taosheng Jin, Anxu Wang, Yan Liu, Qili Dai, Baoshuang Liu, Ya-Nan Wang, Hongjun Mao
In recent years, China has experienced severe and persistent air pollution associated with rapid urbanization and climate change. Three years' time series (January 2014 to December 2016) concentrations data of air pollutants including particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10) and gaseous pollutants (SO2, NO2, CO, and O3) from over 1300 national air quality monitoring sites were studied to understand the severity of China's air pollution. In 2014 (2015, 2016), annual population-weighted-average (PWA) values in China were 65...
May 5, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472031/estimating-the-effect-of-multiple-environmental-stressors-on-coral-bleaching-and-mortality
#19
Paul D Welle, Mitchell J Small, Scott C Doney, Inês L Azevedo
Coral cover has been declining in recent decades due to increased temperatures and environmental stressors. However, the extent to which different stressors contribute both individually and in concert to bleaching and mortality is still very uncertain. We develop and use a novel regression approach, using non-linear parametric models that control for unobserved time invariant effects to estimate the effects on coral bleaching and mortality due to temperature, solar radiation, depth, hurricanes and anthropogenic stressors using historical data from a large bleaching event in 2005 across the Caribbean...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471853/blueprint-for-sustainable-change-in-diversity-management-and-cultural-competence-lessons-from-the-national-center-for-healthcare-leadership-diversity-demonstration-project
#20
Janice L Dreachslin, Robert Weech-Maldonado, Judith Gail, Josué Patien Epané, Joyce Anne Wainio
How can healthcare leaders build a sustainable infrastructure to leverage workforce diversity and deliver culturally and linguistically appropriate care to patients? To answer that question, two health systems participated in the National Center for Healthcare Leadership's diversity leadership demonstration project, November 2008 to December 2013. Each system provided one intervention hospital and one control hospital.The control hospital in each system participated in pre- and postassessments but received no preassessment feedback and no intervention support...
May 2017: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
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