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M V Kondashevskaya, M E Diatroptov
Four psychotypes differing by cognitive activity and psychoemotional reactions were distinguished in a population of orchiectomied Wistar rats and in a population of intact animals on the model of a complex cognitive test combined with the free choice method. With similar parameters of cognitive activity, the psychotypes of castrated rats were inferior to those of intact animals by the number of psychoemotional reactions and levels of locomotor activity. Infradian rhythms of spontaneous locomotor activity with a 4-day period were detected in intact and castrated rats...
June 2013: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
Iu S Shevchenko
The author suggests a conception that considers the etiopathogenesis of psychogenic psychosomatic disorders as a chain of interacting factors. The main patterns of it are stressful life events, personality, psychotype, somatotype, systemic/organic deficit. Mechanisms of stable pathological state join this chain into a "vicious circle" of psychosomatosis. Based on the ontogenetic approach, the author suggests a 5-level system of the complex (psychosomatic) treatment of these disorders. The system integrates pharmacological treatment, neuropsychological correction, syndromal psychological correction of alexithymia and emotional sphere, modification of behavior and personality-oriented psychotherapy...
2013: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Marieke Niesters, Christian Martini, Albert Dahan
The anaesthetic ketamine is used to treat various chronic pain syndromes, especially those that have a neuropathic component. Low dose ketamine produces strong analgesia in neuropathic pain states, presumably by inhibition of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor although other mechanisms are possibly involved, including enhancement of descending inhibition and anti-inflammatory effects at central sites. Current data on short term infusions indicate that ketamine produces potent analgesia during administration only, while three studies on the effect of prolonged infusion (4-14 days) show long-term analgesic effects up to 3 months following infusion...
February 2014: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
S L Dzhergeniia, I B Ushakov
Laboratory, clinical, and pathophysiological methods were used to examine servicemen presenting with hyperuricemia. Pronounced hypersympaticotony was accompanied by stabilization of cardiac rhythm. Neurotic personality profile was identified in 48% of the subjects, psychotic in 17.3%, and undefined in 34.6%. The elevated plasma uric acid level was shown to be a factor associated with the neurotic psychotype. There was no correlation between other hematological characteristics and personality psychotype. The examined subjects exhibited high working capacity and level of ambition...
2010: Vestnik Rossiń≠skoń≠ Akademii Meditsinskikh Nauk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1948: Journal of Personality
S G Krivoschekov, N V Mozolevskaya
Structural change of northern populations (in constitutions, psychotypes and adaptive types) results from natural selection of people most effectively adapted to the North and readapted ones, i.e. having good adaptive capacity for these specific conditions. Organisms of many immigrants in northern regions in several cases (restricted time for adaptive processes and lack of functional, constitutional or mental reserves) are not able to adapt and function in the condition of increased functional power inputs...
2007: Alaska Medicine
O I Boeva
In 228 patients with postinfarction cardiosclerosis and less than 50% left ventricular (LP) ejection fraction (EF), comparative evaluation of the influence of a range of psychopathological neurotic conditions (anxiety, astenia, and depression), and some traditional risk factors on the prognosis of psychotypological personality structure was performed. The end points (EP), non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI) and cardiac death, were registered two years after the beginning of the study. The study established that the prevalence of neurotic psychic disturbances in postinfarction patients is not associated with the severity of the cardial pathology, evaluated by LVEF measurement, but is significantly higher in representatives of personality psychotypes with cycloidal and, especially, hysteroid structure...
2006: Klinicheskaia Meditsina
A B Dobrovich
Primary specific characteristics of psychological reactions, typical of the individual and undoubtedly influencing the formation and dynamics of his character, can be defined as "psychological constitution." Experimental study of peculiarities of an individual's set by the method elaborated by D.N. Uznadze and his school was chosen as a way to elicit psychological constitution. The manner in which the subject creates a model of the situation and the rate at which this model is destroyed when it fails to correspond to the perceptual data, appear to be the central question...
June 1989: International Journal of Neuroscience
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