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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934034/transfiguring-light-and-symphonic-blooming-a-wabi-sabi-story-of-humanbecoming-and-human-caring
#1
Lois S Kelley
Transfiguring Light and Symphonic Blooming is word-art to describe the flowering of the humanbecoming and human caring schools of thought over time. A Wabi Sabi story journey was created to turn the tide in a world where the building of a unique body of knowledge for nursing has fallen into disfavor with nursing itself. Using nature-aligned paintings and a Japanese story-art aesthetic with poetry, the beauty of falling away to unitary essentials and holding the value of "both-and" in unitary consciousness was illuminated...
October 2017: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931495/a-review-of-sarcopenia-enhancing-awareness-of-an-increasingly-prevalent-disease
#2
REVIEW
Eric Marty, Yi Liu, Andre Samuel, Omer Or, Joseph Lane
Sarcopenia is defined as an age associated decline in skeletal muscle mass. The pathophysiology of sarcopenia is multifactorial, with decreased caloric intake, muscle fiber denervation, intracellular oxidative stress, hormonal decline, and enhanced myostatin signaling all thought to contribute. Prevalence rates are as high as 29% and 33% in community dwelling and long-term care populations, respectively, with advanced age, low body mass index, and low physical activity as significant risk factors. Sarcopenia shares many characteristics with other disease states typically associated with risk of fall and fracture, including osteoporosis, frailty, and obesity...
September 17, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930700/economic-analysis-of-the-link-between-diet-quality-and-health-evidence-from-kosovo
#3
Kushtrim Braha, Andrej Cupák, Ján Pokrivčák, Artan Qineti, Marian Rizov
We analyse the link between diet diversity, (which is a proxy of diet quality) and health outcomes measured by body-mass index (BMI) in a representative sample of Kosovar adults using household expenditure micro-data. Building on a household model of health production we devise a two-stage empirical strategy to estimate the determinants of diet diversity and its effect on BMI. Economic factors and demographic characteristics play an important role in the choice of balanced diets. Results from the BMI analysis support the hypothesis that diet diversity is associated with optimal BMI...
September 8, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930278/literature-review-of-research-on-chronic-pain-and-yoga-in-military-populations
#4
REVIEW
Shari Miller, Susan Gaylord, Alex Buben, Carrie Brintz, Kristine Rae Olmsted, Nakisa Asefnia, Michael Bartoszek
Background: Although yoga is increasingly being provided to active duty soldiers and veterans, studies with military populations are limited and effects on chronic pain are largely unknown. We reviewed the existing body of literature and provide recommendations for future research. Methods: We conducted a literature review of electronic databases (PubMed, PsychINFO, Web of Science, Science Citation Index Expanded, Social Sciences Citation Index, Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Science, and Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social Science & Humanities)...
September 1, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930067/prenatal-exposure-effects-on-early-adolescent-substance-use-preliminary-evidence-from-a-genetically-informed-bayesian-approach
#5
L Cinnamon Bidwell, Kristine Marceau, Leslie A Brick, Hollis C Karoly, Alexandre A Todorov, Rohan H Palmer, Andrew C Heath, Valerie S Knopik
OBJECTIVE: Given the controversy surrounding the question of whether there are direct or causal effects of exposure to maternal smoking during pregnancy (SDP) on offspring outcomes such as substance use during the adolescent years, we sought to test, on a preliminary basis, within- and between-family associations of SDP and initiation of substance use early in adolescence (by age 15 years) using a discordant sibling design. METHOD: We used a sibling-comparison approach in a sample of 173 families drawn from the state of Missouri, wherein mothers were discordant for smoking behaviors between two different pregnancies, to test for associations of SDP and initiation of substance use in a younger adolescent cohort...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929818/improving-accountability-in-vaccine-decision-making
#6
James Kenneth Timmis, Steven Black, Rino Rappuoli
Introduction Healthcare decisions, in particular those affecting entire populations, should be evidence-based and taken by decision-makers sharing broad alignment with affected stakeholders. However, criteria, priorities and procedures for decision-making are sometimes non-transparent, frequently vary considerably across equivalent decision-bodies, do not always consider the broader benefits of new health-measures, and therefore do not necessarily adequately represent the relevant stakeholder-spectrum. Areas covered To address these issues in the context of the evaluation of new vaccines, we have proposed a first baseline set of core evaluation criteria, primarily selected by members of the vaccine research community, and suggested their implementation in vaccine evaluation procedures...
September 20, 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929083/emerging-therapies-for-stage-iii-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-and-immunotherapy
#7
REVIEW
Sameera S Kumar, Kristin A Higgins, Ronald C McGarry
The current standard of care for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) includes radiation, chemotherapy, and surgery in certain individualized cases. In unresectable NSCLC, chemoradiation has been the standard of care for the past three decades. Local and distant failure remains high in this group of patients, so dose escalation has been studied in both single institution and national clinical trials. Though initial studies showed a benefit to dose escalation, phase III studies examining dose escalation using standard fractionation or hyperfractionation have failed to show a benefit...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928427/warming-up-human-body-by-nanoporous-metallized-polyethylene-textile
#8
Lili Cai, Alex Y Song, Peilin Wu, Po-Chun Hsu, Yucan Peng, Jun Chen, Chong Liu, Peter B Catrysse, Yayuan Liu, Ankun Yang, Chenxing Zhou, Chenyu Zhou, Shanhui Fan, Yi Cui
Space heating accounts for the largest energy end-use of buildings that imposes significant burden on the society. The energy wasted for heating the empty space of the entire building can be saved by passively heating the immediate environment around the human body. Here, we demonstrate a nanophotonic structure textile with tailored infrared (IR) property for passive personal heating using nanoporous metallized polyethylene. By constructing an IR-reflective layer on an IR-transparent layer with embedded nanopores, the nanoporous metallized polyethylene textile achieves a minimal IR emissivity (10...
September 19, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925727/the-effect-of-person-order-on-egress-time-a-simulation-model-of-evacuation-from-a-neolithic-visitor-attraction
#9
Arthur Stewart, Eyad Elyan, John Isaacs, Leah McEwen, Lyn Wilson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to model the egress of visitors from a Neolithic visitor attraction. BACKGROUND: Tourism attracts increasing numbers of elderly and mobility-impaired visitors to our built-environment heritage sites. Some such sites have very limited and awkward access, were not designed for mass visitation, and may not be modifiable to facilitate disabled access. As a result, emergency evacuation planning must take cognizance of robust information, and in this study we aimed to establish the effect of visitor position on egress...
September 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925635/diabetes-self-management-facilitating-lifestyle-change
#10
Marlon Russell Koenigsberg, Jennifer Corliss
Healthy eating and increased physical activity can prevent or delay the onset of diabetes mellitus and facilitate diabetes management. Current guidelines recommend long-term weight loss of 5% to 7% of body weight and 150 minutes of at least moderate-intensity physical activity per week for most patients with prediabetes and diabetes. Techniques to assess and facilitate adherence to these lifestyle changes can be practical in primary care. During office visits, physicians should assess and gradually encourage patients' readiness to work toward change...
September 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921453/upper-and-lower-limbs-composition-a-comparison-between-anthropometry-and-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-in-healthy-people
#11
Danila Diano, Federico Ponti, Sara Guerri, Daniele Mercatelli, Michele Amadori, Maria Pilar Aparisi Gómez, Giuseppe Battista, Giuseppe Guglielmi, Alberto Bazzocchi
The detection of changes in lean mass (LM) distribution can help to prevent disability. This study assessed the degree of association between anthropometric measurements and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) body composition (BC) parameters of the upper and lower limbs in a healthy general population and collected DXA age- and sex-specific values of BC that can be useful to build a reference standard. PURPOSE: The primary aim of this study was to investigate the reliability of some widely available anthropometric measurements in the assessment of body composition (BC) at the limbs, especially in terms of muscle mass, in a large sample of healthy subjects of different age bands and sex, using fat mass (FM) and lean mass (LM) parameters derived by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) as the gold standard...
September 18, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919591/the-establishment-and-operation-of-longjing-medical-college-the-history-of-longjing-medical-college-as-frontier-history-focusing-on-its-disconnection-and-continuity
#12
Mira Moon, Young-Jeon Shin
Longjing Medial College, established in Longjing, Yanbian, China on September 12, 1945, existed for about 1 year and 6 months until it was renamed as the Medical Department of Dongbei Junzheng Daxue Jilin Fenxiao in April 1947. However, there are only few records and studies on Longjing Medical College in Yanbian as well as in Korea. In order to fill the gap, this study attempted to restore the history of Longjing Medical College built in Yanbian, China immediately after the liberation. In particular, it analyzed how and why the Longjing Medical College was founded and operated, and which relations the college had with the post-war medical educational institutions, focusing on the 'disconnection' and 'continuity' in the historical sense...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918114/netrins-semaphorins-novel-regulators-of-the-immune-response
#13
REVIEW
Jordyn Feinstein, Bhama Ramkhelawon
Netrins and semaphorins, members of the neuronal guidance cue family, exhibit a rich biology with significant roles that extend beyond chemotactic guidance of the axons to build the neuronal patterns of the body. Screening of adult tissues and specific cellular subsets have illuminated that these proteins are also abundantly expressed under both steady state and pathological scenarios. This observation suggests that, in addition to their role in the development of the axonal tree, these proteins possess additional novel functions in adult physiopathology...
September 13, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917258/stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-for-early-stage-lung-cancer-historical-developments-and-future-strategies
#14
Kevin L M Chua, Iris Sin, Kam W Fong, Melvin L K Chua, Hiroshi Onishi
The application of radiosurgery dose escalation extra-cranially in a moving target, surrounded by critical normal tissue, presents unique dosimetric and clinical challenges. Building on a strong foundation of robust technological advancements and well-planned clinical studies, lung stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) has firmly established its place in the management of early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Nevertheless, favourable outcomes and long-term survival still evade a substantial proportion of patients, especially for central and larger peripheral lung tumours...
September 2017: Chinese Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915268/large-scale-cross-species-chemogenomic-platform-proposes-a-new-drug-discovery-strategy-of-veterinary-drug-from-herbal-medicines
#15
Chao Huang, Yang Yang, Xuetong Chen, Chao Wang, Yan Li, Chunli Zheng, Yonghua Wang
Veterinary Herbal Medicine (VHM) is a comprehensive, current, and informative discipline on the utilization of herbs in veterinary practice. Driven by chemistry but progressively directed by pharmacology and the clinical sciences, drug research has contributed more to address the needs for innovative veterinary medicine for curing animal diseases. However, research into veterinary medicine of vegetal origin in the pharmaceutical industry has reduced, owing to questions such as the short of compatibility of traditional natural-product extract libraries with high-throughput screening...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914174/-dis-entangling-barad-materialisms-and-ethics
#16
Gregory Hollin, Isla Forsyth, Eva Giraud, Tracey Potts
In the wake of the widespread uptake of and debate surrounding the work of Karen Barad, this article revisits her core conceptual contributions. We offer descriptions, elaborations, problematizations and provocations for those intrigued by or invested in this body of work. We examine Barad's use of quantum physics, which underpins her conception of the material world. We discuss the political strengths of this position but also note tensions associated with applying quantum physics to phenomena at macro-scales...
September 1, 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913928/a-new-complementary-approach-for-oral-health-and-diabetes-management-health-coaching
#17
Ayse Basak Cinar, Ruth Freeman, Lone Schou
BACKGROUND: Health coaching (HC) is based on 'partnering with clients in a thought-provoking and creative process that inspires them to maximise their personal and professional potential' to adopt healthy lifestyles through 'building awareness and empowerment'. This study's objective is to assess, for the first time to our knowledge, the effectiveness of HC compared with health education (HE) using clinical and subjective measures among type 2 diabetes (DM2) patients in Turkey and Denmark...
September 14, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913836/female-reproductive-system-morphology-of-crab-eating-fox-cerdocyon-thous-and-cryopreservation-of-genetic-material-for-animal-germplasm-bank-enrichment
#18
L C Machado, K C S Roballo, F S Cury, C E Ambrósio
The sprawl of the urbanization and road network process without building ecological corridors contributes to the high mortality rates and a threat to the population decline of wild species such as the crab-eating fox. A strategy for the ex situ conservation is the study of the reproductive biology of the species and cryopreservation of their genetic heritage through the formation of an animal germplasm bank. This research is in accordance with the principles adopted by Brazilian College of Animal Experimentation...
September 15, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913681/calculation-of-intercepted-runoff-depth-based-on-stormwater-quality-and-environmental-capacity-of-receiving-waters-for-initial-stormwater-pollution-management
#19
Hai-Qin Peng, Yan Liu, Xue-Long Gao, Hong-Wu Wang, Yi Chen, Hui-Yi Cai
While point source pollutions have gradually been controlled in recent years, the non-point source pollution problem has become increasingly prominent. The receiving waters are frequently polluted by the initial stormwater from the separate stormwater system and the wastewater from sewage pipes through stormwater pipes. Consequently, calculating the intercepted runoff depth has become a problem that must be resolved immediately for initial stormwater pollution management. The accurate calculation of intercepted runoff depth provides a solid foundation for selecting the appropriate size of intercepting facilities in drainage and interception projects...
September 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912552/under-ice-availability-of-phytoplankton-lipids-is-key-to-freshwater-zooplankton-winter-survival
#20
Guillaume Grosbois, Heather Mariash, Tobias Schneider, Milla Rautio
Shortening winter ice-cover duration in lakes highlights an urgent need for research focused on under-ice ecosystem dynamics and their contributions to whole-ecosystem processes. Low temperature, reduced light and consequent changes in autotrophic and heterotrophic resources alter the diet for long-lived consumers, with consequences on their metabolism in winter. We show in a survival experiment that the copepod Leptodiaptomus minutus in a boreal lake does not survive five months under the ice without food...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
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