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Anna Lucia Tornesello, Luigi Buonaguro, Maria Lina Tornesello, Franco Maria Buonaguro
Many synthetic peptides have been developed for diagnosis and therapy of human cancers based on their ability to target specific receptors on cancer cell surface or to penetrate the cell membrane. Chemical modifications of amino acid chains have significantly improved the biological activity, the stability and efficacy of peptide analogues currently employed as anticancer drugs or as molecular imaging tracers. The stability of somatostatin, integrins and bombesin analogues in the human body have been significantly increased by cyclization and/or insertion of non-natural amino acids in the peptide sequences...
August 2, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Jacob Novignon, Justice Nonvignon
BACKGROUND: Health centers in Ghana play an important role in health care delivery especially in deprived communities. They usually serve as the first line of service and meet basic health care needs. Unfortunately, these facilities are faced with inadequate resources. While health policy makers seek to increase resources committed to primary healthcare, it is important to understand the nature of inefficiencies that exist in these facilities. Therefore, the objectives of this study are threefold; (i) estimate efficiency among primary health facilities (health centers), (ii) examine the potential fiscal space from improved efficiency and (iii) investigate the efficiency disparities in public and private facilities...
June 12, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
Judith M Ball, Fabricio Medina-Bolivar, Katelyn Defrates, Emily Hambleton, Megan E Hurlburt, Lingling Fang, Tianhong Yang, Luis Nopo-Olazabal, Richard L Atwill, Pooja Ghai, Rebecca D Parr
Rotavirus (RV) infections cause severe diarrhea in infants and young children worldwide. Vaccines are available but cost prohibitive for many countries and only reduce severe symptoms. Vaccinated infants continue to shed infectious particles, and studies show decreased efficacy of the RV vaccines in tropical and subtropical countries where they are needed most. Continuing surveillance for new RV strains, assessment of vaccine efficacy, and development of cost effective antiviral drugs remain an important aspect of RV studies...
2015: Advances in Virology
Gábor Máté, Jakub Šimeček, Miroslav Pniok, István Kertész, Johannes Notni, Hans-Jürgen Wester, László Galuska, Petr Hermann
In order to compare the coordination properties of 1,4,7-triazacyclononane (tacn) derivatives bearing varying numbers of phosphinic/carboxylic acid pendant groups towards 68Ga, 1,4,7-triazacyclononane-7-acetic-1,4-bis(methylenephosphinic) acid (NOPA) and 1,4,7- triazacyclononane-4,7-diacetic-1-[methylene(2-carboxyethyl)phosphinic] acid (NO2AP) were synthesized using Mannich reactions with trivalent or pentavalent forms of H-phosphinic acids as phosphorus components. Stepwise protonation constants logK1-3 12...
2015: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Tianhong Yang, Lingling Fang, Cesar Nopo-Olazabal, Jose Condori, Luis Nopo-Olazabal, Carlos Balmaceda, Fabricio Medina-Bolivar
Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) produces stilbenoids upon exposure to abiotic and biotic stresses. Among these compounds, the prenylated stilbenoids arachidin-1 and arachidin-3 have shown diverse biological activities with potential applications in human health. These compounds exhibit higher or novel biological activities in vitro when compared to their nonprenylated analogues piceatannol and resveratrol, respectively. However, assessment of these bioactivities in vivo has been challenging because of their limited availability...
April 22, 2015: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Maria-Elena Planas, Patricia J García, Monserrat Bustelo, Cesar P Carcamo, Sebastian Martinez, Hugo Nopo, Julio Rodriguez, Maria-Fernanda Merino, Andrew Morrison
Most studies reporting ethnic disparities in the quality of healthcare come from developed countries and rely on observational methods. We conducted the first experimental study to evaluate whether health providers in Peru provide differential quality of care for family planning services, based on the indigenous or mestizo (mixed ethnoracial ancestry) profile of the patient. In a crossover randomized controlled trial conducted in 2012, a sample of 351 out of the 408 public health establishments in Metropolitan Lima, Peru were randomly assigned to receive unannounced simulated patients enacting indigenous and mestizo profiles (sequence-1) or mestizo and then indigenous profiles (sequence-2), with a five week wash-out period...
2015: PloS One
Richard Mussa
BACKGROUND: Child malnutrition remains widespread in many developing countries. Malnutrition during infancy may substantially increase vulnerability to infection and disease, and the risk of premature death. Malnutrition in children may also lead to permanent effects and to their having diminished health capital later in life as adults. These negative consequences of child malnutrition entail that the reduction of child malnutrition is vital for the social-economic development of countries...
2014: Health Economics Review
Zachary Marsh, Tianhong Yang, Luis Nopo-Olazabal, Shuchi Wu, Taylor Ingle, Nirmal Joshee, Fabricio Medina-Bolivar
Scutellaria lateriflora (American skullcap) has been used in traditional medicine to treat several medical conditions including nervous disorders and cancer. Previous studies have associated these medicinal properties to flavones present in roots and leaves of this species. In order to develop a production system and study the biosynthesis of these bioactive compounds, hairy root cultures of S. lateriflora were established and line 4 was selected for further studies based on its growth performance in a modified Murashige and Skoog's medium supplemented with 0...
November 2014: Phytochemistry
Johannes Notni, Jakub Šimeček, Hans-Jürgen Wester
Given the wide application of positron emission tomography (PET), positron-emitting metal radionuclides have received much attention recently. Of these, gallium-68 has become particularly popular, as it is the only PET nuclide commercially available from radionuclide generators, therefore allowing local production of PET radiotracers independent of an on-site cyclotron. Hence, interest in optimized bifunctional chelators for the elaboration of (68) Ga-labeled bioconjugates has been rekindled as well, resulting in the development of improved triazacyclononane-triphosphinate (TRAP) ligand structures...
June 2014: ChemMedChem
Jakub Simeček, Johannes Notni, Tobias G Kapp, Horst Kessler, Hans-Jürgen Wester
The αvβ3-integrin addressing cyclic pentapeptide cyclo(RGDfK) was conjugated to NOPO, 1,4,7-triazacyclononane-1,4-bis[methylene(hydroxymethyl)phosphinic acid]-7-[methylene(2-carboxyethyl)phosphinic acid], a bifunctional chelator with exceptional gallium-68 labeling properties. NOPO-c(RGDfK) and its Ga(III) and Cu(II) complexes showed high affinity to αvβ3 integrin (IC50 = 0.94 ± 0.06, 1.02 ± 0.09, and 0.51 ± 0.06 nM, respectively). (68)Ga labeling of NOPO-c(RGDfK) in an automated GMP-compliant procedure was performed with near-quantitative radiochemical yield, using precursor amounts as low as 0...
May 5, 2014: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Heather A Wallace, Julie A Merkle, Michael C Yu, Taloa G Berg, Ethan Lee, Giovanni Bosco, Laura A Lee
We previously identified a Drosophila maternal effect-lethal mutant named 'no poles' (nopo). Embryos from nopo females undergo mitotic arrest with barrel-shaped, acentrosomal spindles during the rapid cycles of syncytial embryogenesis because of activation of a Chk2-mediated DNA checkpoint. NOPO is the Drosophila homolog of human TNF receptor associated factor (TRAF)-interacting protein (TRIP), which has been implicated in TNF signaling. NOPO and TRIP contain RING domains closely resembling those of known E3 ubiquitin ligases...
March 2014: Development
Jakub Simeček, Ondřej Zemek, Petr Hermann, Johannes Notni, Hans-Jürgen Wester
The bifunctional chelator NOPO (1,4,7-triazacyclononane-1,4-bis[methylene(hydroxymethyl)phosphinic acid]-7-[methylene(2-carboxyethyl)phosphinic acid]) shows remarkably high Ga(III) complexation efficiency and comprises one carboxylic acid moiety which is not involved into metal ion coordination. An improved synthetic protocol affords NOPO with 45% overall yield. Stepwise protonation constants (log Ka), determined by potentiometry, are 11.96, 5.22, 3.77, and 1.54; the stability constant of the Ga(III) complex is log KGaL = 25...
November 3, 2014: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Cesar Nopo-Olazabal, Jose Condori, Luis Nopo-Olazabal, Fabricio Medina-Bolivar
Stilbenoids are polyphenolic phytoalexins that exhibit potential health applications in humans. Hairy root cultures of muscadine grape (Vitis rotundifolia Michx.) were used to study the biochemical and molecular regulation of stilbenoid biosynthesis upon treatment with 100 μM methyl jasmonate (MeJA) or 10 mM hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) over a 96-h period. Resveratrol, piceid, and ε-viniferin were identified in higher concentrations in the tissue whereas resveratrol was the most abundant stilbenoid in the medium under either treatment...
January 2014: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Sebastian O Wendel, Ayomi S Perera, Peter H Pfromm, Peter Czermak, Stefan H Bossmann
The adaptation of the organism to a simple and cost-effective growth medium is mandatory in developing a process for large scale production of the octamericporinMspA, which is isolated from Mycobacterium smegmatis. A fermentation optimization with the minimal nutrients required for growth has been performed. During the fermentation, the iron- and ammonium chloride concentrations in the medium were varied to determine their impact on the observed growth rates and cell mass yields. Common antibiotics to control contamination were eliminated in favor of copper sulfate to reduce costs...
2013: Open Microbiology Journal
Cesar Nopo-Olazabal, John Hubstenberger, Luis Nopo-Olazabal, Fabricio Medina-Bolivar
Stilbenoids are polyphenolic phytoalexins with health-related properties in humans. Muscadine grape ( Vitis rotundifolia ) hairy root cultures were established via Agrobacterium rhizogenes -mediated transformation, and the effects of growth regulators (3-indolebutyric acid and 6-benzylaminopurine) and methyl jasmonate (MeJA) on stilbenoid production were studied. Twenty-one-day-old hairy root cultures were treated with 100 μM MeJA for 24 h, and then the stilbenoids were extracted from the medium and tissue with ethyl acetate and analyzed by HPLC...
December 4, 2013: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Xiaojun Jia, Zhihui Yan, Zhiyuan Duan, Xiaolong Su, Hai Wang, Changde Xie, Kunchi Peng
Entangled states of light including low-loss optical fiber transmission and atomic resonance frequencies are essential resources for future quantum information networks. We present the experimental achievement on the three-color entanglement generation at 852, 1550, and 1440 nm wavelengths for optical continuous variables. The entanglement generation system consists of two cascaded nondegenerated optical parametric oscillators (NOPOs). The flexible selectivity of nonlinear crystals in the two NOPOs and the tunable property of NOPO provide large freedom for the frequency selection of three entangled optical beams...
December 21, 2012: Physical Review Letters
Jakub Šimeček, Petr Hermann, Hans-Jürgen Wester, Johannes Notni
To assess the influence of Zn(2+) , Cu(2+) , Fe(3+) , Al(3+) , Ti(IV) , and Sn(IV) on incorporation of (68) Ga(3+) into pendant-arm macrocyclic chelators, the (68) Ga labeling of 1,4,7-triazacyclononane-1,4,7-triacetic acid (NOTA), 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (DOTA), 1,4,7-triazacyclononane-1,4,7-tris[methyl(2-carboxyethyl)phosphinic acid]) (TRAP), and 1,4,7-triazacyclononane-1-[methyl(2-carboxyethyl)phosphinic acid]-4,7-bis[methyl(2-hydroxymethyl)phosphinic acid] (NOPO), as well as their peptide conjugates, was investigated in the presence of varying concentrations of these metal ions...
January 2013: ChemMedChem
Jakub Simeček, Hans-Jürgen Wester, Johannes Notni
The 1,4,7-triazacyclononane-1,4,7-tris(methylenephosphinic acid) chelators TRAP and NOPO are complexing copper-64 with similar efficiency as 1,4,7-triazacyclononane-triacetic acid (NOTA). The kinetic stability of Cu-64-labelled TRAP-peptides is sufficient for PET imaging at early time points (1-2 h post injection). For labelling of TRAP conjugates, Cu-64 can be recommended as an alternative to Ga-68 to achieve higher resolution of PET images.
December 7, 2012: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
T Lang, T Binhammer, S Rausch, G Palmer, M Emons, M Schultze, A Harth, U Morgner
We present an ultra-widely tunable non-collinear optical parametric oscillator with an average output power of more than 3 W and a repetition frequency of 34 MHz. The system is pumped by the second harmonic of a femtosecond Yb:KLu(WO4)2 thin-disk laser oscillator. The wavelength of the signal pulse can be rapidly tuned over a wide range from the visible to the NIR just by scanning the resonator length.
January 16, 2012: Optics Express
Luis Nopo, Bonnie J Woffenden, Deborah G Reed, Scott Buswell, Chenming Zhang, Fabricio Medina-Bolivar
In order to identify a promoter system for high-level expression of transgenes in hairy roots, we characterized the chimeric super-promoter fused to the translational enhancer from tobacco etch virus (TEV). Transgenic tobacco plants and hairy roots were generated with the super-promoter:TEV sequence and a modified green fluorescence protein (mGFP5) as a reporter gene. To exploit the utility of hairy root cultures as a secretion-based expression system, the signal peptide of patatin was fused to mGFP5 to direct its secretion into the culture medium...
2012: Methods in Molecular Biology
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