keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Veterinary medicine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096616/intravenous-administration-of-puppy-deciduous-teeth-stem-cells-in-degenerative-valve-disease
#1
Soontaree Petchdee, Sarunya Sompeewong
AIM: The objective of this study is to investigate the improvement of heart function in dogs with chronic valvular heart disease after puppy deciduous teeth stem cells (pDSCs) administration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 20 client-owned dogs with degenerative valvular heart disease underwent multiple intravenous injections of allogeneic pDSCs. Dogs were randomly assigned to two groups: (i) Control group (n=10) with standard treatment for heart failure and (ii) group with standard treatment and multiple administrations of pDSCs (n=10)...
December 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093773/establishment-of-a-cell-line-for-assessing-drugs-as-canine-p-glycoprotein-substrates-proof-of-principle
#2
K L Mealey, S Dassanayake, N S Burke
P-glycoprotein (P-gp), encoded by the ABCB1 (MDR1) gene, dramatically impacts drug disposition. P-gp is expressed in the intestines, biliary canaliculi, renal tubules, and brain capillaries where it functions to efflux substrate drugs. In this capacity, P-gp restricts oral absorption, enhances biliary and renal excretion, and inhibits central nervous system entry of substrate drugs. Many drugs commonly used in veterinary medicine are known substrates for canine P-gp (vincristine, loperamide, ivermectin, others)...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092623/ultrasonography-a-method-used-for-pregnancy-imaging-of-the-fire-salamander-salamandra-salamandra
#3
A Najbar, Z Kiełbowicz, J Szymczak, M Ogielska
Ultrasound imaging has more frequently been used in veterinary medicine of amphibians and reptiles. In this study, we have verified the usefulness of ultrasound imaging in pregnancy determination of the fire salamander Salamandra salamandra. We have also undertaken to estimate the number of larvae and their developmental stage directly in the oviducts. Three gravid females from Lower Silesia (southern Poland) were examined. Due to the small size of the scanned animals, and the particular arrangement of embryos in the oviducts and ultrasound beams dispersal, the method proved to be inaccurate...
December 1, 2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087312/immunisation-choice-of-host-adjuvants-and-boosting-schedules-with-emphasis-on-polyclonal-antibody-production
#4
REVIEW
Philippe Delahaut
Polyclonal antibodies are frequently used as immunodiagnostic tools in fundamental research. They are also used for routine diagnostic purposes in human and veterinary medicine and for quality control procedures in the food-processing industry. The antibody is a major component of the detection system. It binds with the molecule to be identified. This conjugate is subsequently revealed by means of binding the antibody with a radio-isotope, a fluorescent substance, an enzyme inducing a color change, or a biosensor based analytical system...
January 10, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080905/plasma-protein-electrophoresis-and-select-acute-phase-proteins-in-healthy-bonnethead-sharks-sphyrna-tiburo-under-managed-care
#5
Michael W Hyatt, Cara L Field, Tonya M Clauss, Kristopher L Arheart, Carolyn Cray
Preventative health care of elasmobranchs is an important but understudied field of aquatic veterinary medicine. Evaluation of inflammation through the acute phase response is a valuable tool in health assessments. To better assess the health of bonnethead sharks ( Sphyrna tiburo ) under managed care, normal reference intervals of protein electrophoresis (EPH) and the acute phase proteins, C-reactive protein (CRP) and haptoglobin (HP), were established. Blood was collected from wild caught, captive raised bonnethead sharks housed at public aquaria...
December 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075379/veterinary-compounding-regulation-challenges-and-resources
#6
REVIEW
Gigi Davidson
The spectrum of therapeutic need in veterinary medicine is large, and the availability of approved drug products for all veterinary species and indications is relatively small. For this reason, extemporaneous preparation, or compounding, of drugs is commonly employed to provide veterinary medical therapies. The scope of veterinary compounding is broad and focused primarily on meeting the therapeutic needs of companion animals and not food-producing animals in order to avoid human exposure to drug residues. As beneficial as compounded medical therapies may be to animal patients, these therapies are not without risks, and serious adverse events may occur from poor quality compounds or excipients that are uniquely toxic when administered to a given species...
January 10, 2017: Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072925/impact-of-low-and-high-doses-of-marbofloxacin-on-the-selection-of-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-in-the-commensal-gut-flora-of-young-cattle-discussion-of-data-from-2-study-populations
#7
Guillaume Lhermie, Véronique Dupouy, Farid El Garch, Nadine Ravinet, Pierre-Louis Toutain, Alain Bousquet-Mélou, Henri Seegers, Sébastien Assié
In the context of requested decrease of antimicrobial use in veterinary medicine, our objective was to assess the impact of two doses of marbofloxacin administered on young bulls (YBs) and veal calves (VCs) treated for bovine respiratory disease, on the total population of Enterobacteriaceae in gut flora and on the emergence of resistant Enterobacteriaceae. In two independent experiments, 48 YBs from 6 commercial farms and 33 VCs previously colostrum deprived and exposed to cefquinome were randomly assigned to one of the three groups LOW, HIGH, and Control...
January 10, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064562/new-interpretive-criteria-for-danofloxacin-antibacterial-susceptibility-testing-against-mannheimia-haemolytica-and-pasteurella-multocida-associated-with-bovine-respiratory-disease
#8
Michael T Sweeney, Mark G Papich, Jeffrey L Watts
Danofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibacterial agent approved for use in veterinary medicine to treat and control bovine respiratory disease caused by Mannheimia haemolytica or Pasteurella multocida. Susceptible minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) breakpoint (≤0.25 µg/mL) and disk diffusion interpretive criteria (≥22 mm) values for danofloxacin against M. haemolytica and P. multocida were first approved by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) in 2003. However, intermediate and resistant breakpoint values were not established because only susceptible wild-type populations were evident at the time of breakpoint approvals...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062771/veterinary-medicines-update
#9
(no author information available yet)
The following information has been produced for Veterinary Record by the Veterinary Medicines Directorate (VMD) to provide an update for veterinary surgeons on recent changes to marketing authorisations for veterinary medicines in the UK and on other relevant issues.
January 7, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061549/fast-and-simple-detection-methods-for-the-4-base-pair-deletion-of-canine-mdr1-abcb1-gene-by-pcr-and-isothermal-amplification
#10
Cathrin P Stiedl, Karin Weber
Dogs with a 4-bp deletion in the MDR1 (or ABCB1) gene show intolerance to certain drugs routinely used in veterinary medicine, such as ivermectin, vincristine, and doxorubicin. The mutation leads to a dysfunctional P-glycoprotein drug transporter, which results in drug accumulation in the brain and severe neurotoxicity. A rapid and accurate in-house test to determine the genotype of patients in cases of acute neurotoxic signs or in tumor patients is desirable. We describe a cost-effective detection method with simple technical equipment for veterinary practice...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057602/formin-like-1-expression-is-increased-on-cd4-t-lymphocytes-in-spontaneous-autoimmune-uveitis
#11
Roxane L Degroote, Patrizia B Uhl, Barbara Amann, Angela M Krackhardt, Marius Ueffing, Stefanie M Hauck, Cornelia A Deeg
: The membrane protein expression repertoire of cells changes in course of activation. In equine recurrent uveitis (ERU), a spontaneous autoimmune disease in horses with relapsing and ultimately blinding inner eye inflammation, CD4+ T lymphocytes are the crucial pathogenic cells activated in the periphery directly prior to an inflammatory episode. In order to find relevant changes in the membrane proteome associated to disease, we sorted CD4+ lymphocytes and compared protein abundance from the generated proteome datasets of both healthy horses and ERU cases...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052336/topical-ivermectin-improves-allergic-skin-inflammation
#12
Erwan Ventre, Aurore Rozières, Vanina Lenief, Floriane Albert, Patricia Rossio, Léo Laoubi, David Dombrowicz, Bart Staels, Lauriane Ulmann, Valerie Julia, Emmanuel Vial, André Jomard, Fériel Hacini-Rachinel, Jean-François Nicolas, Marc Vocanson
BACKGROUND: Ivermectin (IVM) is widely used in both human and veterinary medicine to treat parasitic infections. Recent reports have suggested that IVM could also have anti-inflammatory properties. METHODS: Here, we investigated the activity of IVM in a murine model of atopic dermatitis (AD) induced by repeated exposure to the allergen Dermatophagoides farinae, and in standard cellular immunology assays. RESULTS: Our results show that topical IVM improved allergic skin inflammation by reducing the priming and activation of allergen-specific T cells, as well as the production of inflammatory cytokines...
January 4, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048581/su-c-204-06-monte-carlo-dose-calculation-for-kilovoltage-x-ray-psoralen-activated-cancer-therapy-x-pact-preliminary-results
#13
S Mein, R Gunasingha, M Nolan, M Oldham, J Adamson
PURPOSE: X-PACT is an experimental cancer therapy where kV x-rays are used to photo-activate anti-cancer therapeutics through phosphor intermediaries (phosphors that absorb x-rays and re-radiate as UV light). Clinical trials in pet dogs are currently underway (NC State College of Veterinary Medicine) and an essential component is the ability to model the kV dose in these dogs. Here we report the commissioning and characterization of a Monte Carlo (MC) treatment planning simulation tool to calculate X-PACT radiation doses in canine trials...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046159/technical-note-a-new-surgical-technique-for-ovariohysterectomy-during-early-pregnancy-in-beef-heifers
#14
K J McLean, C R Dahlen, P P Borowicz, L P Reynolds, M R Crosswhite, B W Neville, S D Walden, J S Caton
We hypothesized that a standing flank ovariohysterectomy procedure could be developed in beef heifers that would provide high quality tissues for addressing critical questions during early pregnancy, while concomitantly keeping livestock stewardship a high priority. To test the hypothesis, we: 1) developed a standing flank ovariohysterectomy procedure for use in beef heifers, and 2) implemented this procedure in a cohort of heifers up to d 50 of pregnancy for tissue collections, documentation of post-surgical recovery, and assessment of feedlot finishing performance...
December 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045328/applicability-of-progress-testing-in-veterinary-medical-education
#15
Robert P Favier, Cees P M van der Vleuten, Stephan P J Ramaekers
A substantial part of graduate education in veterinary medicine is spent in clinical practice. During the clinical experiential phase, it is difficult to monitor students' actual knowledge development: they build individual records of experiences based on the cases they have to deal with, while mainly focusing on knowledge that is of direct, clinical relevance to them. As a result, students' knowledge bases may differ to such a degree that a single test alone may not be able to provide an adequate reflection of progress made...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043159/quantifying-sperm-egg-interaction-to-access-the-breeding-efficiency-through-artificial-insemination-in-guinea-fowls
#16
G H Hudson, A V Omprakash, K Premavalli, G Dhinakar Raj
1. Guinea fowl hens were inseminated weekly once with two doses of spermatozoa (75 million and 100 million) in two different diluents, Beltsville poultry semen extender, (BPSE) and Instruments for Veterinary Medicine (IMV), each with and without pre-insemination vaginal douching. Percent fertility, hatchability, dead germ, dead in shells along with data on sperm egg interaction and vaginal microbial counts were recorded. 2. Artificial insemination had significantly improved the percent fertility and hatchability compared to natural mating...
January 3, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042151/estimated-antimicrobial-dispensing-frequency-and-preferences-for-lactating-cow-therapy-by-ontario-dairy-veterinarians
#17
David F Léger, Nathalie C Newby, Richard Reid-Smith, Neil Anderson, David L Pearl, Kerry D Lissemore, David F Kelton
In this cross-sectional study, data were collected from responses to a questionnaire on dispensing frequencies of antimicrobials used by dairy practitioners in Ontario in dairy cattle in 2001. Data were validated through clinical case scenarios. Respondents reported using antimicrobials across all categories of importance to human medicine (medically important, Categories I to III) with a diversity of treatment combinations and routes of administration. Respondents anticipated that a request for direct veterinary supervision by producers was dependent on case severity, highlighting the importance of on-farm diagnostic and treatment protocols...
January 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040165/antimicrobial-susceptibility-and-genetic-characterization-of-escherichia-coli-recovered-from-frozen-game-meat
#18
Rafael H Mateus-Vargas, Viktoria Atanassova, Felix Reich, Günter Klein
The increasing number of antimicrobial resistant Enterobacteriaceae both in veterinary and human medicine, the dissemination of these bacteria in several environments and their possible repercussions on human health is causing concern. Game meat is usually seen as free of antimicrobial resistant bacteria. The objective of this study was to evaluate the current antimicrobial susceptibility status in generic Escherichia coli isolated from packed frozen game meat from a game handling establishment in Germany. A total of 229 E...
May 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033318/a-point-mutation-in-a-lincrna-upstream-of-gdnf-is-associated-to-a-canine-insensitivity-to-pain-a-spontaneous-model-for-human-sensory-neuropathies
#19
Jocelyn Plassais, Laetitia Lagoutte, Solenne Correard, Manon Paradis, Eric Guaguère, Benoit Hédan, Alix Pommier, Nadine Botherel, Marie-Christine Cadiergues, Philippe Pilorge, David Silversides, Maud Bizot, Mark Samuels, Carme Arnan, Rory Johnson, Christophe Hitte, Gilles Salbert, Agnès Méreau, Pascale Quignon, Thomas Derrien, Catherine André
Human Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies (HSANs) are characterized by insensitivity to pain, sometimes combined with self-mutilation. Strikingly, several sporting dog breeds are particularly affected by such neuropathies. Clinical signs appear in young puppies and consist of acral analgesia, with or without sudden intense licking, biting and severe self-mutilation of the feet, whereas proprioception, motor abilities and spinal reflexes remain intact. Through a Genome Wide Association Study (GWAS) with 24 affected and 30 unaffected sporting dogs using the Canine HD 170K SNP array (Illumina), we identified a 1...
December 2016: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033102/ectoine-as-a-promising-protective-agent-in-humans-and-animals
#20
Adam Bownik, Zofia Stępniewska
Ectoine is a compatible water molecule-binding solute (osmoprotectant) produced by several bacterial species in response to osmotic stress and unfavourable environmental conditions. This amino acid derivative can accumulate inside cells at high concentrations without interfering with natural processes and can protect the cell against radiation or osmotic stress. This brief review presents the current state of knowledge about the effects of ectoine on animals and focuses on its practical use for enzyme stabilisation, human skin protection, anti-inflammatory treatment, inhibitory effects in neurodegenerative diseases, and other therapeutic potential in human or veterinary medicine...
December 1, 2016: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
keyword
keyword
3897
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"