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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353423/polymerase-chain-reaction-based-detection-of-myc-transduction-in-feline-leukemia-virus-infected-cats
#1
Ryosuke Sumi, Ariko Miyake, Taiji Endo, Yoshiharu Ohsato, Minh Ha Ngo, Kazuo Nishigaki
Feline lymphomas are associated with the transduction and activation of cellular proto-oncogenes, such as c-myc, by feline leukemia virus (FeLV). We describe a polymerase chain reaction assay for detection of myc transduction usable in clinical diagnosis. The assay targets c-myc exons 2 and 3, which together result in a FeLV-specific fusion gene following c-myc transduction. When this assay was conducted on FeLV-infected feline tissues submitted for clinical diagnosis of tumors, myc transduction was detected in 14% of T-cell lymphoma/leukemias...
January 20, 2018: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352469/amoxicillin-current-use-in-swine-medicine
#2
REVIEW
D G S Burch, D Sperling
Amoxicillin has become a major antimicrobial substance in pig medicine for the treatment and control of severe, systemic infections such as Streptococcus suis. The minimum inhibitory concentration 90% (MIC 90) is 0.06 μg amoxicillin/ml, and the proposed epidemiological cut-off value (ECOFF) is 0.5 μg/ml, giving only 0.7% of isolates above the ECOFF or of reduced susceptibility. Clinical breakpoints have not been set for amoxicillin against porcine pathogens yet, hence the use of ECOFFs. It has also been successfully used for bacterial respiratory infections caused by Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae and Pasteurella multocida...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351979/when-is-the-right-time
#3
Jacky Reid, Andrea Nolan, Marian Scott
Veterinary medicine is veering further towards prolongation of life at all costs, without the safeguard of being able to robustly measure quality of life. Jacky Reid, Andrea Nolan and Marian Scott discuss major steps forward in the ability to measure changes in health-related quality of life.
January 20, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351196/a-case-report-of-disseminated-canine-histiocytic-sarcoma-in-trinidad-and-tobago
#4
Stacy Rajh, Karelma Frontera Acevedo, Gillian Williams, Indira Pargass, Alissa Bally, Rod Suepaul
Ocular histiocytic sarcomas (as a presenting part of disseminated histiocytic sarcoma) are not commonly diagnosed. A 10-year-old female intact Rottweiler presented to the School of Veterinary Medicine, Trinidad with buphthalmia and pain in the left eye. The cornea of the left eye appeared diffusely opaque with a conjunctival mucopurulent ocular discharge. A thorough ophthalmic assessment identified an intraocular proliferative tumor to which a unilateral enucleation was performed, however the animal died soon after...
January 19, 2018: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346267/erratum-lavergne-s-n-in-vitro-research-tools-in-the-field-of-human-immediate-drug-hypersensitivity-and-their-present-use-in-small-animal-veterinary-medicine-vet-sci-2017-4-1
#5
Sidonie N Lavergne
Due to an error during production, the author, Lavergne S. Lavergne's name in the published paper [1] was incorrect.[...].
January 18, 2018: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345550/an-anatomy-pre-course-predicts-student-performance-in-a-professional-veterinary-anatomy-curriculum
#6
Margaret A McNulty, Michelle D Lazarus
Little to no correlation has been identified between previous related undergraduate coursework or outcomes on standardized tests and performance in a veterinary curriculum, including anatomy coursework. Therefore, a relatively simplistic method to predict student performance before entrance would be advantageous to many. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether there is a correlation between performance in a veterinary anatomy pre-course and subsequent performance within a professional anatomy curriculum...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344477/is-there-an-increased-prevalence-of-asteroid-hyalosis-in-eyes-with-uveal-melanoma-a-histopathologic-study
#7
EDITORIAL
Christopher K H Burris, Amir A Azari, Mozhgan R Kanavi, Richard R Dubielzig, Vivian Lee, Justin L Gottlieb, Heather D Potter, Kyungmann Kim, Meisha L Raven, Maria E Rodriguez, Devasis N Reddy, Daniel M Albert
During the planning meeting for the Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study (COMS) prior to the start of patient recruitment in 1986, there was an interest expressed in determining whether a relationship existed between the presence of uveal melanoma (UM) and asteroid hyalosis (AH). To answer this question, the ophthalmic examination form (unlike the pathology form for enucleated eyes) for each COMS patient asked whether AH was present or not. Though an increased prevalence was not found, this result was never published...
November 2017: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343270/isolation-and-characterization-of-olfactory-ecto-mesenchymal-stem-cells-from-eight-mammalian-genera
#8
Antoine D Veron, Cécile Bienboire-Frosini, François Feron, Elisa Codecasa, Arnaud Deveze, Dany Royer, Paul Watelet, Pietro Asproni, Kevin Sadelli, Camille Chabaud, Jean-Claude Stamegna, Joël Fagot, Michel Khrestchatisky, Alessandro Cozzi, François S Roman, Patrick Pageat, Manuel Mengoli, Stéphane D Girard
BACKGROUND: Stem cell-based therapies are an attractive option to promote regeneration and repair defective tissues and organs. Thanks to their multipotency, high proliferation rate and the lack of major ethical limitations, "olfactory ecto-mesenchymal stem cells" (OE-MSCs) have been described as a promising candidate to treat a variety of damaged tissues. Easily accessible in the nasal cavity of most mammals, these cells are highly suitable for autologous cell-based therapies and do not face issues associated with other stem cells...
January 17, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333613/pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics-and-clinical-use-of-trazodone-and-its-active-metabolite-m-chlorophenylpiperazine-in-the-horse
#9
J L Davis, J Schirmer, E Medlin
Trazodone is a serotonin receptor antagonist and reuptake inhibitor used extensively as an anxiolytic in human and small animal veterinary medicine. The aims of this study were to determine the pharmacokinetics of oral trazodone in experimental horses and to evaluate the effect of oral trazodone in clinical horses. Six experimental horses were administered trazodone at 7.5 or 10 mg/kg. Plasma concentrations of trazodone and its metabolite (m-CPP) were determined via UPLC-MS/MS. Noncompartmental pharmacokinetic analysis, sedation and ataxia scores were determined...
January 14, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322764/rapid-veterinary-diagnosis-of-bovine-reproductive-infectious-diseases-from-semen-using-paper-origami-dna-microfluidics
#10
Zhugen Yang, Gaolian Xu, Julien Reboud, Syed Atif Ali, Gurpreet Kaur, John McGiven, Nongthombam Boby, Praveen Gupta, Pallab Chaudhuri, Jonathan Mark Cooper
The health and well-being of cattle is a significant concern for global agricultural output. In dairy production within low and middle income countries (LMICs), there is a significant biosensing challenge in detecting sexually transmitted infection (STI) pathogens during animal husbandry, due in part to difficulties associated with the limited infrastructure for veterinary medicine. Here we demonstrate low-cost, multiplexed and sample-to-answer paper-origami tests for the detection of three bovine infectious reproductive diseases in semen samples, collected at a test site in rural India...
January 11, 2018: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318621/evaluation-of-oscillometric-blood-pressure-monitor-blt-m9000-vet-in-anaesthetised-healthy-adult-dogs
#11
P Zrimšek, J Sredenšek, M Vengušt, A Seliškar
To examine agreement in anaesthetised dogs between invasive blood pressure measurements and measurements obtained with an oscillometric blood pressure monitor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Paired invasive and oscillometric measurements were taken in 24 dogs every 5 minutes during anaesthesia (9 to 37 measurements per dog). Agreement between measurement methods was explored using Bland-Altman plots. To determine the accuracy of the oscillometric measurements, the results were compared with the guidelines recommended by the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine and the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316632/excessive-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-correlates-with-impaired-mitochondrial-dynamics-mitophagy-and-apoptosis-in-liver-and-adipose-tissue-but-not-in-muscles-in-ems-horses
#12
Krzysztof Marycz, Katarzyna Kornicka, Jolanta Szlapka-Kosarzewska, Christine Weiss
Nowadays, endocrine disorders have become more frequent in both human and veterinary medicine. In horses, reduced physical activity combined with carbohydrate and sugar overload may result in the development of the so-called equine metabolic syndrome (EMS). EMS is characterized by insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, elevated blood triglyceride concentrations and usually obesity. Although the phenotypic features of EMS individuals are well known, the molecular mechanism underlying disease development remains elusive...
January 6, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307128/immature-ovarian-teratoma-in-two-heifers
#13
Augusto Carluccio, Maria Teresa Zedda, Alberto Contri, Alessia Gloria, Domenico Robbe, Ippolito De Amicis, Salvatore Pau
A 15 months-old Simmental heifer (SH) and a 18 months-old Marchigiana heifer (MH) were referred to the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Teramo (Italy). In the rst heifer, clinical examination of the vulva, vestibulum, and vagina showed no signs of disease and no discharge was detected. Palpation per rectum revealed a mass in the left portion of the abdominal cavity, closely attached to the tip of the left uterine horn. The mass was mainly rm and brous and its surface was slightly lobulated. The second heifer had a history of a regular cycle from the 11th to the 14th month of age followed by an anoestrus state...
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307121/fleas-of-dog-and-cat-species-biology-and-flea-borne-diseases
#14
REVIEW
Filomena Iannino, Nadia Sulli, Antonio Maitino, Ilaria Pascucci, Guglielmo Pampiglione, Stefania Salucci
Ectoparasitic insects play a major role in veterinary medicine. Fleas infest man and animals and are the most frequent external parasites of companion animals worldwide. Some species are known to be vectors of zoonotic pathogens. Dogs and cats may play an important role either as reservoir of some of the pathogens or as transport vehicles for infected eas between their natural reservoirs and human beings, thus playing a crucial step in the transmission cycle of ea-borne diseases. This article reviews relevant literature on morphology, classi cation, host speci city, geographical distribution, and seasonality of eas infesting dogs and cats in order to improve their timely identi cation, prevention, and control...
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305183/antibacterial-activity-of-lactobacillus-plantarum-isolated-from-tibetan-yaks
#15
Lei Wang, Hui Zhang, Mujeeb Ur Rehman, Khalid Mehmood, Xiong Jiang, Mujahid Iqbal, Xiaole Tong, Xing Gao, Jiakui Li
The main purpose of our study was to isolate the Lactobacillus strains from Tibetan yaks, which may have antibacterial activity. Three Lactobacillus plantarum (L. plantarum) strains named LP1, LP2, LP3 and one Pediococcus pentosaceus (P. pentosaceus) named PT2 were isolated from fecal samples of Tibetan yaks. We regarded indigenous Escherichia coli (E. coli ATCC 25922) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus ATCC 25923) as indicator pathogens. The Bacteriocins derived from these isolated strains manifested high antibacterial activity against E...
January 2, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300348/when-veterinarians-support-canine-therapy-bidirectional-benefits-for-clinics-and-therapy-programs
#16
John-Tyler Binfet, Haley J Silas, Sean W Longfellow, Katrina Widmaier-Waurechen
This paper proposes a mutually beneficial model of collaboration between veterinarians and canine therapy programs. Veterinarians and the clinics for whom they work routinely establish collaborations with multiple and varied stakeholders. This might include a laboratory for processing samples and the corresponding courier company needed to deliver samples to the lab or a partnership with a local dog rescue organization for whom discounted rates are offered. One community partnership that stands to benefit both the clinic and the community agency, is for veterinarians to work in tandem with a local canine-assisted therapy program...
January 4, 2018: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298746/-leonhard-riedm%C3%A3-ller-swiss-public-enemy-or-pawn-sacrifice
#17
A Pospischil
On June 9, 1945 the Zurich cantonal government issued the lifetime deportation from Switzerland for Prof. Dr. med. vet. Leonhard Riedmüller (1898-1976) and his spouse Helena, née Eltze (1910-1990), both German citizens on grounds of Riedmüllers' membership in the NSDAP, "Landesgruppe Schweiz". Riedmüllers' several attempts to appeal at court were not successful. Riedmüllers biography shows that he served in the German Army at the Western front during WW I. Following the war he studied Veterinary Medicine at the University of Munich where he received the degree of Dr...
January 2018: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297826/hematology-serum-biochemistry-and-urinalysis-values-in-the-adult-giant-panda-ailuropoda-melanoleuca
#18
Caitlin Burrell, Hemin Zhang, Desheng Li, Chengdong Wang, Caiwu Li, Copper Aitken-Palmer
The giant panda ( Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is a high-profile threatened species with individuals in captivity worldwide. As a result of advances in captive animal management and veterinary medicine, the ex situ giant panda population is aging, and improved understanding of age-related changes is necessary. Urine and blood samples were collected in April and July 2015 and analyzed for complete blood count, serum biochemistry, and biochemical and microscopic urine analysis for all individuals sampled ( n = 7, 7-16 yr of age) from giant panda housed at the China Research and Conservation Centre for the Giant Panda in Bifengxia, Sichuan Province, China...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291524/environmental-concentrations-of-antibiotics-impair-zebrafish-gut-health
#19
Li Zhou, Samwel Mchele Limbu, Meilin Shen, Wanying Zhai, Fang Qiao, Anyuan He, Zhen-Yu Du, Meiling Zhang
Antibiotics have been widely used in human and veterinary medicine to both treat and prevent disease. Due to their high water solubility and low bioavailability, many antibiotic residues have been found in aquatic environments. Fish are an indispensable link between the environmental pollution and human health. However, the chronic effects of environmental concentrations of antibiotics in fish have not been thoroughly investigated. Sulfamethoxazole (SMX) and oxytetracycline (OTC) are frequently detected in aquatic environments...
December 29, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287806/antibiotic-susceptibility-of-259-listeria-monocytogenes-strains-isolated-from-food-food-processing-plants-and-human-samples-in-germany
#20
Matthias Noll, Sylvia Kleta, Sascha Al Dahouk
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the susceptibility of 259 Listeria monocytogenes strains isolated from food and food-processing environments and patient samples in Germany to 14 antibiotics widely used in veterinary and human medicine. L. monocytogenes strains were isolated mainly from milk and milk products and classified according to their molecular serotypes IIa (n=112), IIb (n=41), IIc (n=36), IVa (n=1), IVb (n=66), and IVb-v1 (n=3). METHODS: Susceptibility tests were performed by using the automated 96-well based microdilution system Micronaut-S...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
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