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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161970/the-mediating-effect-of-ethical-climate-on-religious-orientation-and-ethical-behavior
#1
Zahra Marzieh Hassanian, Arezoo Shayan
BACKGROUND: Nurses' behavior in Educational-Medical centers is very important for improving the condition of patients. Ethical climate represents the ethical values and behavioral expectations. Attitude of people toward religion is both intrinsic and extrinsic. Different ethical climates and attitude toward religion could be associated with nurses' behavior. AIM: To study the mediating effect of ethical climate on religious orientation and ethical behaviors of nurses...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158946/introduction-to-the-movement-system-as-the-foundation-for-physical-therapist-practice-education-and-research
#2
Lisa Saladin, Michael Voight
In 2013, the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) adopted an inspiring new vision, "Transforming society by optimizing movement to improve the human experience." This new vision for our profession calls us to action as physical therapists to transform society by using our skills, knowledge, and expertise related to the movement system in order to optimize movement, promote health and wellness, mitigate the progression of impairments, and prevent the development of (additional) disability. The guiding principle of the new vision is "identity," which can be summarized as "The physical therapy profession will define and promote the movement system as the foundation for optimizing movement to improve the health of society...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149126/pharmacogenomics-principles-and-relevance-to-oncology-nursing%C3%A2
#3
Crystal H Dodson
BACKGROUND: Pharmacogenomics is the fastest growing field in precision medicine. Based on current use, oncology encompasses the largest share of the precision medicine market, necessitating that oncology nurses understand the principles of pharmacogenomics and how it affects clinical practice.
. OBJECTIVES: This article will define precision medicine and pharmacogenomics and will provide examples of pharmacogenomic tests, including those associated with tumor markers, and nursing implications...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145728/understanding-how-emergency-medicine-physicians-survive-and-thrive-in-rural-practice-a-theoretical-model
#4
Ashra Kolhatkar, Andrea Keesey, Bob Bluman, Brenna Lynn, Tandi Wilkinson
INTRODUCTION: The challenges facing emergency medicine (EM) services in Canada reflect the limitations of the entire healthcare system. The emergency department (ED) is uniquely situated in the healthcare system such that shortcomings in hospital- and community-based services are often first revealed there. This is especially true in rural settings, where there are additional site-specific barriers to the provision of EM care. Existing studies look at the factors that influence rural EM physicians in isolation...
November 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140918/integrating-social-determinants-of-health-into-graduate-medical-education-a-call-for-action
#5
Jennifer Siegel, David L Coleman, Thea James
Social determinants of health (SDH) are the major drivers of health and disparate health outcomes across communities and populations. Given this, the authors assert that competency in recognizing and mitigating SDH should become a vital component of graduate medical education in all specialties. While the most effective approaches to educating trainees about SDH are uncertain, in this Invited Commentary, the authors offer several key principles for implementing curricula focusing on SDH. These include universalization of the material, integration into clinical education, identification of space for trainee introspection, clarification of specific competencies in identification and mitigation of SDH, and creation of robust faculty development programming...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131316/efficacy-of-a-community-based-participatory-and-multilevel-intervention-to-enhance-hepatitis-b-virus-screening-and-vaccination-in-underserved-korean-americans
#6
Grace X Ma, Minsun M Lee, Yin Tan, Alexandra L Hanlon, Ziding Feng, Theresa I Shireman, Joanne Rhee, Zhengyu Wei, Frank Wong, Han Seung Koh, Charles Kim, Whitney York
BACKGROUND: The primary objective of the current study was to evaluate the efficacy of a community-based participatory intervention program in improving hepatitis B virus (HBV) screening and vaccination among Korean Americans who were not previously screened. METHODS: A cluster randomized trial involving 32 Korean church-based community organizations (1834 participants) was conducted. Sixteen churches were randomly assigned to an HBV screening and vaccination multicomponent intervention condition (972 participants) and 16 were assigned to a general cancer education control condition (862 participants)...
November 13, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129668/characterization-of-actions-taken-during-the-delivery-of-medication-therapy-management-a-time-and-motion-approach
#7
Alice C Chang, Jutieh Lincoln, Wendy M Lantaff, Stephanie A Gernant, Heather A Jaynes, William Doucette, Margie E Snyder
OBJECTIVES: To characterize actions performed by pharmacists and support staff during provision of medication therapy management (MTM) and to compare actions performed according to practice characteristics. METHODS: A purposeful sample of 7 MTM practices (2 call centers and 5 community practices) was identified and visited by investigators. Pharmacists and support staff were observed during their routine provision of MTM. Investigators characterized "major" (e.g...
November 9, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117744/twelve-tips-to-promote-successful-development-of-a-learner-performance-dashboard-within-a-medical-education-program
#8
Christy Boscardin, Kirkpatrick B Fergus, Bonnie Hellevig, Karen E Hauer
Easily accessible and interpretable performance data constitute critical feedback for learners that facilitate informed self-assessment and learning planning. To provide this feedback, there has been a proliferation of educational dashboards in recent years. An educational (learner) dashboard systematically delivers timely and continuous feedback on performance and can provide easily visualized and interpreted performance data. In this paper, we provide practical tips for developing a functional, user-friendly individual learner performance dashboard and literature review of dashboard development, assessment theory, and users' perspectives...
November 9, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102998/development-of-a-clinical-pharmacy-model-within-an-australian-home-nursing-service-using-co-creation-and-participatory-action-research-the-visiting-pharmacist-vip-study
#9
Rohan A Elliott, Cik Yin Lee, Christine Beanland, Dianne P Goeman, Neil Petrie, Barbara Petrie, Felicity Vise, June Gray
OBJECTIVE: To develop a collaborative, person-centred model of clinical pharmacy support for community nurses and their medication management clients. DESIGN: Co-creation and participatory action research, based on reflection, data collection, interaction and feedback from participants and other stakeholders. SETTING: A large, non-profit home nursing service in Melbourne, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Older people referred to the home nursing service for medication management, their carers, community nurses, general practitioners (GPs) and pharmacists, a multidisciplinary stakeholder reference group (including consumer representation) and the project team...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080050/development-of-a-women-s-mental-health-curriculum-and-evolution-to-a-women-s-mental-health-area-of-concentration-in-a-psychiatry-residency-program
#10
Priya Gopalan, Jody Glance, Robin Valpey, Heather Joseph, Neeta Shenai
In 2014, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Office on Women's Health emphasized the importance of women's health education, particularly in the realm of behavioral health. In order to support the professional interests of psychiatry trainees, a women's mental health study group (WMHSG) was developed and implemented. The WMHSG aimed primarily to supplement the resident curriculum and promote consideration of careers in women's mental health. After successful implementation, the curriculum was formalized into a Women's Mental Health Area of Concentration within the Department of Psychiatry's residency training program...
October 27, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071550/to-fail-is-human-remediating-remediation-in-medical-education
#11
Adina Kalet, Calvin L Chou, Rachel H Ellaway
INTRODUCTION: Remediating failing medical learners has traditionally been a craft activity responding to individual learner and remediator circumstances. Although there have been moves towards more systematic approaches to remediation (at least at the institutional level), these changes have tended to focus on due process and defensibility rather than on educational principles. As remediation practice evolves, there is a growing need for common theoretical and systems-based perspectives to guide this work...
October 25, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070640/does-the-behavioural-type-specific-approach-for-type-2-diabetes-promote-changes-in-lifestyle-protocol-of-a-cluster-randomised-trial-in-japan
#12
Misa Adachi, Kazue Yamaoka, Mariko Watanabe, Asuka Nemoto, Toshiro Tango
INTRODUCTION: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a significant problem, and lifestyle modifications including self-management are important. We have developed a structured individual-based lifestyle education (SILE) programme for T2D. With attention now being paid to techniques to change behaviour, we recently developed a behavioural type-specific SILE (BETSILE) programme. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the BETSILE programme compared with the SILE programme for reducing glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) in patients with T2D and special behavioural types by a cluster randomised controlled trial...
October 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062392/jurisdiction-of-the-medical-ethics-committees
#13
Božidar Voljč
Ethical principles of assessing medical research are to the greatest extent defined by the Nuremberg Code, the Declarations of Geneva and Helsinki, and the Oviedo Convention. Pursuant to their directives various national Medical Ethics Committees (MECs) were established which assess the ethics of research according to the risk and benefit ratio of the persons involved. Following the example of other countries, medical ethics committees eventually appeared also in hospitals and some medical and educational institutions around Slovenia...
October 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061869/infection-prevention-and-control-in-pediatric-ambulatory-settings
#14
REVIEW
Mobeen H Rathore, Mary Anne Jackson
Since the American Academy of Pediatrics published its statement titled "Infection Prevention and Control in Pediatric Ambulatory Settings" in 2007, there have been significant changes that prompted this updated statement. Infection prevention and control is an integral part of pediatric practice in ambulatory medical settings as well as in hospitals. Infection prevention and control practices should begin at the time the ambulatory visit is scheduled. All health care personnel should be educated regarding the routes of transmission and techniques used to prevent the transmission of infectious agents...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048921/infrastructures-required-for-the-expansion-of-family-physician-program-to-urban-settings-in-iran
#15
Leila Doshmangir, Mohammad Bazyar, Parinaz Doshmangir, Hakimeh Mostafavi, Amirhossein Takian
INTRODUCTION: Following the implementation of Family Physician (FP) Program in rural areas and cities with populations under 20000 in 2005, the Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education in 2012 decided to implement urban FP in large cities with populations more than 20000. Along with the development and implementation of urban FP in Iran, local websites and newspapers reflected the viewpoints of experts in various levels of health system regarding the various stages of Family Medicine (FM) development (from agenda setting to initial stages of implementation)...
September 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042833/impact-of-a-pharmacist-led-chemotherapy-education-program-on-the-knowledge-of-pediatric-hematology-oncology-nurses
#16
Christine M Fisher, Abby J Kim, Joshua J Elder
OBJECTIVES: Medication errors involving chemotherapy are a serious source of avoidable medical harm that can result in chemotherapy-related adverse drug events. Efforts to reduce errors in the past decade have largely focused on chemotherapy errors at the prescriber level, using computerized or automated technology, but little has been done to ensure chemotherapy is administered accurately at the nursing level. The current study implemented a pharmacist-led, supplemental, institution-specific training program to nursing staff regarding the use of chemotherapy and to address knowledge deficits in newly hired nursing personnel...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039627/beliefs-endorsement-and-application-of-homeopathy-disclosed-a-survey-among-ambulatory-care-physicians
#17
Stefan Markun, Marc Maeder, Thomas Rosemann, Sima Djalali
BACKGROUND: Explanation models for the effectiveness of homeopathy are not supported by natural sciences and the aggregated evidence from clinical trials is unconvincing. From this standpoint, placebo effects seem the most obvious explanation for the therapeutic effects experienced in homeopathy. Still, many physicians continue to prescribe homeopathic treatments. OBJECTIVES: Whether physicians who prescribe homeopathic treatments aim to achieve placebo effects or actually believe in specific effects is poorly understood...
October 17, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026055/childhood-lead-poisoning-an-overview
#18
REVIEW
K L Hon, C K Fung, A Kc Leung
Childhood lead poisoning is a major public health concern in many countries. In 2015, the Hong Kong SAR Government and its citizens faced a major public health crisis due to the presence of lead in the drinking water of a number of public housing estates. Fortunately, no child was diagnosed with lead poisoning that required treatment with chelation. Lead is a ubiquitous, naturally occurring material that exists in air, dust, soil, and water. It is also widely present in industrial products including petrol, paints, ceramics, food cans, candies, cosmetics, traditional remedies, batteries, solder, stained glass, crystal vessels, ammunition, ceramic glazes, jewelry, and toys...
October 13, 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025302/medical-student-healthcare-consulting-groups-a-novel-way-to-train-the-next-generation-of-physician-executives
#19
Esther Y Hsiang, Andrew G Breithaupt, Peiyi Su, Andrew T Rogers, Niv Milbar, Sanjay V Desai
Meeting the challenges of the evolving healthcare environment requires leadership of physicians well-trained in clinical medicine and healthcare management. However, many physicians lack training in business and leadership. While some residency programs have management tracks, training at the medical school level is currently lacking. We developed the Hopkins Health Management Advisory Group, an extracurricular program at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine that exposes medical students to healthcare management and fosters development of leadership skills...
October 12, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023244/integrating-training-in-quality-improvement-and-health-equity-in-graduate-medical-education-two-curricula-for-the-price-of-one
#20
Jaya Aysola, Jennifer S Myers
A recent call to address health care disparities has come from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's (ACGME's) Clinical Learning Environment Review (CLER) program. The CLER program aspires that faculty and residents will identify the disparities among the patient populations they serve and engage in quality improvement (QI) activities designed to address them. In this Perspective, the authors provide a framework for integrating QI and health equity principles in graduate medical education in order to meet these ACGME expectations...
October 11, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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