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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651415/-investigation-of-burn-rehabilitation-development-of-china-in-2014
#1
M Ao, J Wu, J Chen
Objective: To further study the development of burn rehabilitation in China, so as to promote the development of burn rehabilitation in China. Methods: The questionnaire about the development of burn rehabilitation treatment was started by Specialized Committee of Burn Treatment and Rehabilitation Science of Chinese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine (hereinafter referred to as Specialized Committee) in the end of 2014, and 65 affiliations of Specialized Committee members participated in. There was a total of 26 questions, mainly focusing on problems as below: (1) General information of the burn department of the units, including the number of authorized beds, annual admitted burn patients, annual admitted patients with extremely severe burn, doctors, nurses, rehabilitation therapists, and the condition of rehabilitation area and rehabilitation beds, etc...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651395/-analysis-of-dietary-pattern-and-diabetes-mellitus-influencing-factors-identified-by-classification-tree-model-in-adults-of-fujian
#2
F L Yu, Y Ye, Y S Yan
Objective: To find out the dietary patterns and explore the relationship between environmental factors (especially dietary patterns) and diabetes mellitus in the adults of Fujian. Methods: Multi-stage sampling method were used to survey residents aged ≥18 years by questionnaire, physical examination and laboratory detection in 10 disease surveillance points in Fujian. Factor analysis was used to identify the dietary patterns, while logistic regression model was applied to analyze relationship between dietary patterns and diabetes mellitus, and classification tree model was adopted to identify the influencing factors for diabetes mellitus...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651354/cambial-response-of-norway-spruce-to-modified-carbon-availability-by-phloem-girdling
#3
Andrea Winkler, Walter Oberhuber
We tested the hypothesis that increase in carbon (C) availability in Norway spruce saplings (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) intensifies cambial cell division and increases cell lumen diameter (CLD) and cell wall thickness (CWT) when water availability is adequate. To accomplish this, we experimentally subjected 6-year-old P. abies saplings (n = 80 trees) to two levels of soil humidity (watered versus drought conditions) and manipulated tree C status by physically blocking phloem transport at three girdling dates (GDs)...
June 23, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650754/structural-changes-in-the-lower-extremities-in-boys-aged-7-to-12-years-who-engage-in-moderate-physical-activityan-observational-longitudinal-study
#4
Gabriel Gijon-Nogueron, Salvador Diaz-Miguel, Eva Lopezosa-Reca, Jose Antonio Cervera-Marin
BACKGROUND: Physical activity in children may provide health benefits. We sought to consider the practice of soccer as a possible major factor in the development of the lower limb. The study is based on 3-year data for a group of children who practice this sport. METHODS: For 3 years we monitored 53 children who practiced soccer 3 times a week and had engaged in 2 years of continuous sports activity. Their mean ± SD age was 8.49 ± 2.01 years in the first year...
May 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650737/premenstrual-symptom-patterns-and-behavioral-risk-factors-in-young-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Felicia A Quintana-Zinn, Brian W Whitcomb, Alayne G Ronnenberg, Carol Bigelow, Serena C Houghton, Elizabeth R Bertone-Johnson
BACKGROUND: Approximately 80% of reproductive age women experience physical or emotional symptoms before onset of menses. Of these women, ∼20% experience symptoms severe enough to interfere with social functioning and life activities, and meet clinical criteria for premenstrual syndrome (PMS). More than 100 different symptoms are associated with PMS. Symptom groupings tend to be stable within an individual, but vary distinctly between women. Potential differences in the etiology of symptoms suggest that PMS may have subtypes that represent distinct entities...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650726/maternal-health-related-behaviours-during-pregnancy-a-critical-public-health-issue
#6
Aleksandra Górniaczyk, Barbara Czech-Szczapa, Maciej Sobkowski, Karolina Chmaj-Wierzchowska
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate the health-related behaviours of pregnant women. Maternal health-related habits, use of psychoactive medicines, diet, prevention of neural tube defects, oral cavity hygiene, chronic diseases and physical activity were analysed in a group of pregnant women attending antenatal classes. METHODS: Hundred pregnant women recruited from various antenatal classes in Poznań, Poland, were investigated using a questionnaire based on the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System...
June 26, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650691/changes-in-cartilage-biomarker-levels-during-a-transcontinental-multistage-footrace-over-4486-km
#7
Annegret Mündermann, Christopher Klenk, Christian Billich, Corina Nüesch, Geert Pagenstert, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss, Uwe Schütz
BACKGROUND: Cartilage turnover and load-induced tissue changes are frequently assessed by quantifying concentrations of cartilage biomarkers in serum. To date, information on the effects of ultramarathon running on articular cartilage is scarce. HYPOTHESIS: Serum concentrations of cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, MMP-3, MMP-9, COL2-3/4C long mono (C2C), procollagen type II C-terminal propeptide (CPII), and C2C:CPII will increase throughout a multistage ultramarathon...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650451/inability-to-work-and-need-for-disability-pension-among-long-term-survivors-of-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#8
A Tichelli, S Gerull, A Holbro, A Buser, G Nair, M Medinger, D Heim, J P Halter, J R Passweg
Return to work is critical goal following HSCT. However, late effects may impede return to normal activity after HSCT. In the case of inability to work, patients may need a work disability pension to ensure a reasonable livelihood. This study evaluated inability to work and need for disability pension among long-term survivors and analyzed possible determinants of need for social support. This retrospective, single-center study included all HSCT patients surviving ⩾5 years seen at the outpatient clinic between January 2013 and August 2015...
June 26, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650408/objective-effects-of-breast-reduction-surgery-on-physical-fitness
#9
Jennifer A Knox, D Alan Nelson, Kerry P Latham, Lianne M Kurina
BACKGROUND: Reduction mammaplasty is known for excellent outcomes and patient satisfaction. Although patients report improvements in pain, weight loss, and exercise levels, objective data on physical fitness benefits are limited. METHODS: Using the Stanford Military Data Repository, we identified 89 US Army active duty women with at least 1 pre- and postoperative Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) who underwent reduction mammaplasty during 2011 to 2014. We used paired t tests to compare pre- and postoperative APFT score means and raw values for push-ups, sit-ups, and the 2-mile run...
June 23, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650348/an-update-on-type-2-diabetes-management-in-primary-care
#10
Jeffrey Waddell
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease impacting glucose metabolism. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) stems from the inability of the body to utilize endogenous insulin properly. Approximately 90% to 95% of newly diagnosed cases of diabetes are T2DM. This article focuses on the initial treatment of T2DM based on the 2017 American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and the American College of Endocrinology clinical practice guidelines. The 2017 update includes changes and additions regarding psychosocial management, physical activity, surgery, and hypoglycemia...
June 22, 2017: Nurse Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650106/dok3-modulates-bone-remodeling-by-negatively-regulating-osteoclastogenesis-and-positively-regulating-osteoblastogenesis
#11
Xiaofeng Cai, Junjie Xing, Courtney L Long, Qisheng Peng, Mary Beth Humphrey
Osteoclastogenesis is essential for bone remodeling and normal skeletal maintenance. RANKL promotes osteoclast differentiation and function but requires costimulation of immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM)-coupled immunoreceptors. Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-2 (TREM2) coupled to ITAM-adaptor protein DNAX activation protein 12kDA (DAP12) provides costimulation of intracellular calcium signaling during osteoclastogenesis. Previously, we found that downstream of kinase-3 (DOK3) physically associates with DAP12 to inhibit toll-like receptor (TLR)-induced inflammatory signaling in macrophages...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649969/physics-of-muscle-contraction
#12
Matthieu Caruel, Lev Truskinovsky
We present an overview of the recent attempts to complement the chemistry-centered microscopic models of skeletal muscles by the purely mechanical models. The force generation phenomena of interest can be divided into two classes and their mechanisms are usually modeled in dierent ways. Models in the rst class deal with fast force recovery, which does not require detachment of myosin crossbridges and is believed to be a passive process. It can be viewed as collective folding in the system of interacting bi-stable units and is modeled by equilibrium statistical mechanics and Langevin kinetics...
June 26, 2017: Reports on Progress in Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649873/can-you-snooze-your-way-to-an-a-exploring-the-complex-relationship-between-sleep-autonomic-activity-wellbeing-and-performance-in-medical-students
#13
Erin Cvejic, Shiny Huang, Uté Vollmer-Conna
OBJECTIVE: Medical training brings with it multiple stressors, including demanding workloads in highly competitive environments, with well-documented impact on psychiatric morbidity. This study evaluated the impact of sleep-related factors on psychological wellbeing, cognitive task performance and academic standing in medical students. METHODS: A total of 59 undergraduate medical students took part in this cross-sectional study over two consecutive days. Participants responded to questionnaires about their physical and psychological health, sleep, functioning and academic performance at the initial visit...
June 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649855/quality-of-life-and-its-factors-in-korean-elderly-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#14
Younhee Kang, Eliza Lee
Based on the secondary data analysis, this study aimed to identify quality of life and factors that affect quality of life among Korean elderly with mild cognitive impairment. Demographic characteristics, physical factors, and psychosocial factors as well as quality of life of the elderly with mild cognitive impairment were comprehensively measured. The research subjects consisted of 348 home-resident elderly and their quality of life scores were relatively high at 29.86. Their quality of life varied according to education and gender, and instrumental activities of daily living (actual, latent), somatic symptoms, sleep quality, depression, and social support affected their quality of life...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649668/metabolic-costs-of-daily-activity-in-older-adults-chores-xl-study-design-and-methods
#15
Duane B Corbett, Amal A Wanigatunga, Vincenzo Valiani, Eileen M Handberg, Thomas W Buford, Babette Brumback, Ramon Casanova, Christopher M Janelle, Todd M Manini
BACKGROUND: For over 20 years, normative data has guided the prescription of physical activity. This data has since been applied to research and used to plan interventions. While this data seemingly provides accurate estimates of the metabolic cost of daily activities in young adults, the accuracy of use among older adults is less clear. As such, a thorough evaluation of the metabolic cost of daily activities in community dwelling adults across the lifespan is needed. METHODS: The Metabolic Costs of Daily Activity in Older Adults Study is a cross-sectional study designed to compare the metabolic cost of daily activities in 250 community dwelling adults across the lifespan...
June 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649617/a-multifactorial-study-on-nutritional-status-binge-eating-and-physical-activity-as-main-factors-directly-influencing-body-weight-in-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Andrea Bril, Santiago Perez-Lloret, Malco Rossi, Sofía Fariña, Pierre Morisset, Laura Sorrentino, Micaela Iglesias, Alex Medina Escobar, Patricio Millar Vernetti, Daniel Cerquetti, Marcelo Merello
Weight lossisa multifactorial disorder commonly affecting Parkinson's disease patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between body weight, nutritional status, physical activity, and Parkinson's disease-related factors. A total of 114 consecutive Parkinson's disease patients without dietary restrictions were evaluated prospectively with respect to: nutritional status (Mini Nutritional Assessment), physical activity level (Yale Physical Activity Survey), MDS-UPDRS score, olfactory function, depression, cognitive functionand impulse-control disorders, among other variables...
2017: NPJ Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649411/the-microbiome-of-glaciers-and-ice-sheets
#17
Alexandre M Anesio, Stefanie Lutz, Nathan A M Chrismas, Liane G Benning
Glaciers and ice sheets, like other biomes, occupy a significant area of the planet and harbour biological communities with distinct interactions and feedbacks with their physical and chemical environment. In the case of the glacial biome, the biological processes are dominated almost exclusively by microbial communities. Habitats on glaciers and ice sheets with enough liquid water to sustain microbial activity include snow, surface ice, cryoconite holes, englacial systems and the interface between ice and overridden rock/soil...
2017: NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649283/clinically-evident-tophi-are-associated-with-reduced-muscle-force-in-the-foot-and-ankle-in-people-with-gout-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Sarah Stewart, Nicola Dalbeth, Simon Otter, Peter Gow, Sunil Kumar, Keith Rome
BACKGROUND: The foot and ankle represent a common site for tophi in people with gout, yet it is unclear whether the presence of tophi is related to impaired muscle function. This study aimed to determine the association between foot and ankle tophi and muscle force in people with gout. METHODS: Participants with gout were stratified into two groups based on the presence of clinically-evident tophi affecting the foot or ankle on physical examination. Isometric muscle force for plantarflexion, dorsiflexion, inversion and eversion was measured using static dynamometry...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649139/kinetics-and-photochemistry-of-ruthenium-bisbipyridine-diacetonitrile-complexes-an-interdisciplinary-inorganic-and-physical-chemistry-laboratory-exercise
#19
Teresa L Rapp, Susan R Phillips, Ivan J Dmochowski
The study of ruthenium polypyridyl complexes can be widely applied across disciplines in the undergraduate curriculum. Ruthenium photochemistry has advanced many fields including dye-sensitized solar cells, photoredox catalysis, light-driven water oxidation, and biological electron transfer. Equally promising are ruthenium polypyridyl complexes that provide a sterically bulky, photolabile moiety for transiently "caging" biologically active molecules. Photouncaging involves the use of visible (1-photon) or near-IR (2-photon) light to break one or more bonds between ruthenium and coordinated ligand(s), which can occur on short time scales and in high quantum yields...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Chemical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649106/-aging-and-homeostasis-aging-control-through-cardiac-regenerative-medicine
#20
Katsuhisa Matsuura
Heart disease is one of the leading causes of death in the developed countries and various physical conditions in heart failure attribute to the impaired physical activities, which promotes aging. The principle cause of heart failure is the loss of self-renewal ability of cardiomyocytes in various injuries such as myocardial infarction. The replacement of injured tissues with the regenerated human myocardial tissues using technologies on tissue engineering and iPS cell will provide us the novel therapeutic strategy for heart failure and the related aging issues...
2017: Clinical Calcium
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