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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145538/association-between-socioeconomic-determinants-and-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-the-german-health-interview-and-examination-survey-for-adults-degs1-a-mediation-analysis
#1
Diego Montano
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome and different socioeconomic characteristics including education and occupational status have been found to be associated in previous research. Nonetheless, theoretical models defining core variables and causal processes accounting for these associations are lacking. OBJECTIVES: The main objectives of the present investigation are (1) to present a theoretical model integrating physiological, biochemical, and psychosocial factors determining metabolic syndrome prevalence and (2) to corroborate the hypothesis that socioeconomic determinants are (partially) mediated by health-related behaviors, health risks, and dietary habits...
July 2017: Review of Diabetic Studies: RDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145423/examining-the-relationships-between-body-image-eating-attitudes-bmi-and-physical-activity-in-rural-and-urban-south-african-young-adult-females-using-structural-equation-modeling
#2
Alessandra Prioreschi, Stephanie V Wrottesley, Emmanuel Cohen, Ankita Reddy, Rihlat Said-Mohamed, Rhian Twine, Stephen M Tollman, Kathleen Kahn, David B Dunger, Shane A Norris
The persistence of food insecurity, malnutrition, increasing adiposity, and decreasing physical activity, heightens the need to understand relationships between body image satisfaction, eating attitudes, BMI and physical activity levels in South Africa. Females aged 18-23 years were recruited from rural (n = 509) and urban (n = 510) settings. Body image satisfaction was measured using Stunkard's silhouettes, and the 26-item Eating Attitudes questionnaire (EAT-26) was used to evaluate participants' risk of disordered eating...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145249/prospective-associations-between-measures-of-gross-and-fine-motor-coordination-in-infants-and-objectively-measured-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-childhood
#3
Guillermo F López Sánchez, Genevieve Williams, Daniel Aggio, Domenico Vicinanza, Brendon Stubbs, Catherine Kerr, James Johnstone, Justine Roberts, Lee Smith
One important determinant of childhood physical activity and sedentary behavior may be that of motor development in infancy. The present analyses aimed to investigate whether gross and fine motor delays in infants were associated with objective and self-reported activity in childhood. Data were from the UK Millennium Cohort Study, a prospective cohort study, involving UK children born on or around the millennium (September 2000 and January 2002). When children were 9 months old, parents reported children's fine and gross motor-coordination, and at 7 years, sports club attendance and daily TV viewing time...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145090/comparative-study-of-dissolved-organic-matter-generated-from-activated-sludge-during-exposure-to-hypochlorite-hydrogen-peroxide-acid-and-alkaline-implications-for-on-line-chemical-cleaning-of-mbr
#4
Weiwei Cai, Yu Liu
Although on-line chemical cleaning has been extensively employed for maintaining the MBR permeability, little attention has been given to the negative impacts of such prevalent membrane cleaning practice. This study thus comparatively investigated the potential release of dissolved organic matter (DOM) from activated sludge upon the exposure to different kinds of frequently-used cleaning reagents, i.e. NaClO, H2O2, HCl and NaOH. It was found that NaClO at 50 and 80 mg L(-1) triggered significant release of DOM, while NaOH strongly promoted soluble nitrogen release...
November 8, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145076/veterans-group-exercise-a-randomized-pilot-trial-of-an-integrative-exercise-program-for-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress
#5
Lizabeth A Goldstein, Wolf E Mehling, Thomas J Metzler, Beth E Cohen, Deborah E Barnes, Gerard J Choucroun, Aliza Silver, Lisa S Talbot, Shira Maguen, Jennifer A Hlavin, Margaret A Chesney, Thomas C Neylan
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is prevalent among military veterans and is associated with significant negative health outcomes. However, stigma and other barriers to care prevent many veterans from pursuing traditional mental health treatment. We developed a group-based Integrative Exercise (IE) program combining aerobic and resistance exercise, which is familiar to veterans, with mindfulness-based practices suited to veterans with PTSD. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of IE on PTSD symptom severity and quality of life, as well as assess the feasibility and acceptability of IE...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144964/biocultural-approach-of-the-association-between-maturity-and-physical-activity-in-youth
#6
André O Werneck, Danilo R P Silva, Paul Collings, Rômulo A Fernandes, Enio R V Ronque, Manuel J Coelho-E-Silva, Luís B Sardinha, Edilson S Cyrino
OBJECTIVE: To test the biocultural model through direct and indirect associations between biological maturation, adiposity, cardiorespiratory fitness, sadness, social relationships, and physical activity in adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted with 1152 Brazilian adolescents aged between 10 and 17 years. Somatic maturation was estimated through Mirwald's method (peak height velocity). Physical activity was assessed through Baecke questionnaire (occupational, leisure, and sport contexts)...
November 13, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144893/primary-care-providers-level-of-preparedness-for-recommending-physical-activity-to-adults-with-disabilities
#7
Elizabeth A Courtney-Long, Alissa C Stevens, Dianna D Carroll, Shannon Griffin-Blake, John D Omura, Susan A Carlson
INTRODUCTION: Adults with disabilities are more likely to be physically inactive than those without disabilities. Although receiving a health care provider recommendation is associated with physical activity participation in this population, there is little information on factors associated with primary care providers recommending physical activity to patients with disabilities. METHODS: We used 2014 DocStyles data to assess primary care provider characteristics and perceived barriers to and knowledge-related factors of recommending physical activity to adult patients with disabilities, by how prepared primary care providers felt in making recommendations...
November 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144750/investigation-of-the-physical-and-bioactive-properties-of-bromo-and-iodo-containing-sponge-derived-compounds-possessing-an-oxyphenylethanamine-core
#8
Erin P McCauley, Hanh Lam, Nicholas Lorig-Roach, Justin Luu, Cameron Lloyd, Karen Tenney, Halina Pietraszkiewicz, Cristina Diaz, Frederick A Valeriote, Victoria Auerbuch, Phillip Crews
This research set out to identify compounds from marine sponges that can act as bacterial virulence blockers. Extracts from a total of 80 sponges collected from throughout Indonesia were screened in a high-throughput NF-κB-based screen that identifies compounds capable of inhibiting the bacterial type III secretion system (T3SS) in Yersinia pseudotuberculosis. An extract that was shown to inhibit T3SS-driven NF-κB expression was obtained from an Iotrochota cf. iota sponge and was the source of seven new bromo- and iodo-containing compounds, all of which contain a 2-(4-oxyphenyl)ethan-1-amine core...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144567/reliable-recognition-of-lying-sitting-and-standing-with-a-hip-worn-accelerometer
#9
Henri Vähä-Ypyä, Pauliina Husu, Jaana Suni, Tommi Vasankari, Harri Sievänen
Hip-worn accelerometers are widely used to estimate physical activity (PA), but the accuracy of acceleration-threshold based analysis is compromised when it comes to identifying stationary and sedentary behaviors, let alone classifying body postures into lying, sitting or standing. The purpose of this study was to devise a novel method for accurate classification of body posture using triaxial data from hip-worn accelerometer and to evaluate its performance in free-living conditions against a thigh-worn accelerometer...
November 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144529/driving-dynamic-colloidal-assembly-using-eccentric-self-propelled-colloids
#10
Zhan Ma, Qun-Li Lei, Ran Ni
Designing protocols to dynamically direct the self-assembly of colloidal particles has become an important direction in soft matter physics because of promising applications in the fabrication of dynamic responsive functional materials. Here, using computer simulations, we found that in the mixture of passive colloids and eccentric self-propelled active particles, when the eccentricity and self-propulsion of active particles are high enough, the eccentric active particles can push passive colloids to form a large dense dynamic cluster, and the system undergoes a novel dynamic demixing transition...
November 16, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144433/the-influence-of-family-dog-ownership-and-parental-perceived-built-environment-measures-on-children-s-physical-activity-within-the-washington-dc-area
#11
Jennifer D Roberts, Lindsey Rodkey, Cortney Grisham, Rashawn Ray
Sedentary behavior and physical inactivity are significant contributors to youth obesity in the United States. Neighborhood dog walking is an outlet for physical activity (PA). Therefore, understanding the relationship between built environment, dog ownership, and youth PA is essential. This study examined the influence of dog ownership and parental built environment perceptions on children's PA in the Washington, D.C. area. In 2014, questionnaires were mailed to 2000 parents to assess family dog ownership; children's outdoor dog walking or playing; and parental perceived built environment measures...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144400/design-and-clinical-evaluation-of-a-non-contact-heart-rate-variability-measuring-device
#12
Jure Kranjec, Samo Beguš, Gregor Geršak, Matjaž Šinkovec, Janko Drnovšek, Domen Hudoklin
The object of the proposed paper is to design and analyze the performance of a non-contact heart rate variability (HRV) measuring device based on ultrasound transducers. The rationale behind non-contact HRV measurement is the goal of obtaining a means of long term monitoring of a patient's heart performance. Due to its complexity as a non-contact measuring device, influential physical quantities, error source and other perturbations were thoroughly investigated. For medical purposes it is of utmost importance to define the target uncertainty of a measuring method from the side of physicians, while it is the role of scientists to realistically evaluate all uncertainty contributions...
November 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144385/preparation-and-characterization-of-cellulose-triacetate-as-support-for-lecitase-ultra-immobilization
#13
Francielle Batista da Silva, Wilson Galvão de Morais Júnior, Cleuzilene Vieira da Silva, Andressa Tironi Vieira, Antônio Carlos Ferreira Batista, Anízio Márcio de Faria, Rosana Maria Nascimento Assunção
The use of polymers as supports for enzyme immobilization is a strategy that enables to remove the enzymes from a chemical reaction and improve their efficiency in catalytic processes. In this work, cellulose triacetate (CTA) was used for physical adsorption of phospholipase Lecitase ultra (LU). CTA is more hydrophobic than cellulose, shows good performance in the lipases immobilization being a good candidate for immobilization of phospholipases. We investigated the immobilization of LU in CTA, the stability of the immobilized enzyme (CTA-LU) and the performance of CTA-LU using soybean oil as a substrate...
November 16, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144207/exploring-physical-activity-behaviour-needs-for-and-interest-in-a-technology-delivered-home-based-exercise-programme-among-patients-with-intermittent-claudication
#14
Nils Cornelis, Roselien Buys, Inge Fourneau, Tijl Dewit, Véronique Cornelissen
BACKGROUND: Supervised walking is a first line therapy in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) with complaints of intermittent claudication. However, uptake of supervised programmes is low. Home-based exercise seems an appealing alternative; especially since technological advances, such as tele-coaching and tele-monitoring, may facilitate the process and support patients when adopting a physically active lifestyle. To guide the development of such an intervention, it is important to identify barriers of physical activity and the needs and interests for technology-enabled exercise in this patient group...
November 16, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144185/rest-activity-circadian-rhythm-and-sleep-quality-in-patients-with-binge-eating-disorder
#15
E Roveda, A Montaruli, L Galasso, C Pesenti, E Bruno, P Pasanisi, M Cortellini, S Rampichini, S Erzegovesi, A Caumo, F Esposito
Recent findings suggest that altered rest-activity circadian rhythms (RARs) are associated with a compromised health status. RARs abnormalities have been observed also in several pathological conditions, such as cardiovascular, neurological, and cancer diseases. Binge eating disorder (BED) is the most common eating disorder, with a prevalence of 3.5% in women and 2% in men. BED and its associate obesity and motor inactivity could induce RARs disruption and have negative consequences on health-related quality of life...
November 16, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144172/disruptions-in-sleep-wake-cycles-in-community-dwelling-cancer-patients-receiving-palliative-care-and-their-correlates
#16
Marie Solange Bernatchez, Josée Savard, Hans Ivers
Significant disruptions in sleep-wake cycles have been found in advanced cancer patients in prior research. However, much remains to be known about specific sleep-wake cycle variables that are impaired in patients with a significantly altered performance status. More studies are also needed to explore the extent to which disrupted sleep-wake cycles are related to physical and psychological symptoms, time to death, maladaptive sleep behaviors, quality of life and 24-h light exposure. This study conducted in palliative cancer patients was aimed at characterizing patients' sleep-wake cycles using various circadian parameters (i...
November 16, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143934/evaluation-of-antioxidative-and-diabetes-preventive-properties-of-an-ancient-grain-kamut-%C3%A2-khorasan-wheat-in-healthy-volunteers
#17
Caterina Trozzi, Francesca Raffaelli, Arianna Vignini, Laura Nanetti, Rosaria Gesuita, Laura Mazzanti
PURPOSE: Recently, there was an increasing interest on the use of ancient grains because of their better health-related composition. The aim of this study was to evaluate in healthy human subjects the antioxidative and diabetes-preventive properties of ancient KAMUT(®) khorasan wheat compared to modern wheat. METHODS: The study was a randomized, non-blind, parallel arm study where the biochemical parameters of volunteers with a diet based on organic whole grain KAMUT(®) khorasan products, as the only source of cereal products were compared to a similar replacement diet based on organic whole grain modern durum wheat products...
November 16, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143933/long-term-effectiveness-of-tocilizumab-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-stratified-by-number-of-previous-treatment-failures-with-biologic-agents-results-from-the-german-rabbit-cohort
#18
Lisa Baganz, Adrian Richter, Jörn Kekow, Arnold Bussmann, Andreas Krause, Carsten Stille, Joachim Listing, Angela Zink, Anja Strangfeld
In Germany, Tocilizumab (TCZ) is used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis both in biologic-naïve patients and those with previous failures of biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs). The long-term effectiveness and retention rates of TCZ in patients with different numbers of prior bDMARD failures has rarely been investigated. We included 885 RA patients in the analyses, enrolled with the start of TCZ between 2009 and 2015 in the German biologics register RABBIT. Patients were stratified according to prior bDMARD failures: no prior bDMARD or 1, 2 or ≥ 3 bDMARD failures...
November 16, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143780/who-participates-in-running-events-socio-demographic-characteristics-psychosocial-factors-and-barriers-as-correlates-of-non-participation-a-pilot-study-in-belgium
#19
Delfien van Dyck, Greet Cardon, Ilse de Bourdeaudhuij, Lisa de Ridder, Annick Willem
In Western countries, the popularity of running events has increased exponentially during the last three decades. However, little is known about the profile of non-participants. This knowledge is crucial to tailor promotional actions towards people who are currently not participating. Therefore, this study aimed: (1) to examine which socio-ecological factors are related to participation in running events, (2) to give an overview of the barriers towards participation, and (3) to examine differences in barriers depending on gender, age and educational level...
October 28, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143765/relative-influence-of-socioeconomic-psychological-and-sensory-characteristics-physical-activity-and-diet-on-5-year-weight-gain-in-french-adults
#20
Aurélie Lampuré, Katia Castetbon, Mohamed Hanafi, Amélie Deglaire, Pascal Schlich, Sandrine Péneau, Serge Hercberg, Caroline Méjean
Individual characteristics, dietary intake and physical activity influence weight status; however, the contribution of each factor to weight change has not been studied. The objective was to confirm a conceptual framework by simultaneously assessing the relative influence of socioeconomic, psychological and sensory characteristics, physical activity, and dietary intake on five-year weight gain in French adults. Individual characteristics, physical activity, and dietary data were assessed at baseline in 8014 participants in the NutriNet-Santé cohort...
October 28, 2017: Nutrients
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