keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Glial tumors

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911883/tnf-superfamily-member-april-enhances-midbrain-dopaminergic-axon-growth-and-contributes-to-the-nigrostriatal-projection-in-vivo
#1
Thomas G McWilliams, Laura Howard, Sean Wyatt, Alun M Davies
We have studied the role of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily member APRIL in the development of embryonic mouse midbrain dopaminergic neurons in vitro and in vivo. In culture, soluble APRIL enhanced axon growth during a window of development between E12 and E14 when nigrostriatal axons are growing to their targets in the striatum in vivo. April transcripts were detected in both the striatum and midbrain during this period and at later stages. The axon growth-enhancing effect of APRIL was similar to that of glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), but in contrast to GDNF, APRIL did not promote the survival of midbrain dopaminergic neurons...
September 11, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904651/-primary-cerebral-gliosarcoma-about-two-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Mohamed Amine Azami, Iliass El Alami, Imane Bourhafour, Salwa Belhabib, Mohamed Oukabli, Abderrahmane Albouzidi
Gliosarcoma is a very rare brain tumor accounting for 1.8 -8% of all glial tumors. It has been classified by the World Health Organization as a variant of glioblastoma. It is a tumor with double glial and sarcomatous component. Patient's clinical picture is polymorphic, imaging data are evocative, diagnosis is based on histology. Treatment is always surgical. Prognosis is closely linked to the quality of resection. We here report two clinical cases with the aim of assessing the diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic features of this rare entity...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904578/rosette-forming-glioneuronal-tumor-a-rare-posterior-fossa-tumor-in-an-adolescent
#3
Goutam Bera, Amitabha Das, Sandip Chatterjee, Uttara Chatterjee
Rosette-forming glioneuronal tumor (RGNT) is a rare variety of slow growing mixed glioneuronal tumor involving primarily fourth ventricular region and occurring predominantly in young adults. We present a case of a 16-year-old boy who presented with dizziness and occipital headache. On radiological evaluation, a fairly large hypodense posterior fossa mass lesion in relation to the left side of the vermis, with a large cystic component was found. Surgical resection of the tumor was performed. Histopathological examination showed a biphasic tumor composed of bland neurocytic cells, arranged in the form of neurocytic rosettes along with glial areas resembling low-grade glioma...
April 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902350/trophic-and-neurotrophic-factors-in-human-pituitary-adenomas-review
#4
Marialuisa Spoletini, Samanta Taurone, Mario Tombolini, Antonio Minni, Giancarlo Altissimi, Venceslao Wierzbicki, Felice Giangaspero, Pier Paolo Parnigotto, Marco Artico, Lia Bardella, Enzo Agostinelli, Francesco Saverio Pastore
The pituitary gland is an organ that functionally connects the hypothalamus with the peripheral organs. The pituitary gland is an important regulator of body homeostasis during development, stress, and other processes. Pituitary adenomas are a group of tumors arising from the pituitary gland: they may be subdivided in functional or non-functional, depending on their hormonal activity. Some trophic and neurotrophic factors seem to play a key role in the development and maintenance of the pituitary function and in the regulation of hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical axis activity...
October 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901423/a-multi%C3%A2-targeted-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-lenvatinib-for-the-treatment-of-mice-with-advanced-glioblastoma
#5
Jia Li, Chang-Lin Zou, Zhi-Ming Zhang, Lian-Jie Lv, Hai-Bo Qiao, Xiu-Ju Chen
Glioblastoma is the most aggressive primary brain tumor that originates from the glial cells in adults. Aberrant angiogenesis is essential for malignant glioblastoma tumorigenesis, development and metastasis. Lenvatinib is a multi‑targeted anticancer agent that targets of receptor tyrosine kinases including vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 and 2, fibroblast growth factor receptor 1, platelet‑derived growth factor receptor β and v‑kit Hardy‑Zuckerman 4 feline sarcoma viral oncogene homolog...
September 11, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892058/glia-specific-enhancers-and-chromatin-structure-regulate-nfia-expression-and-glioma-tumorigenesis
#6
Stacey M Glasgow, Jeffrey C Carlson, Wenyi Zhu, Lesley S Chaboub, Peng Kang, Hyun Kyoung Lee, Yoanne M Clovis, Brittney E Lozzi, Robert J McEvilly, Michael G Rosenfeld, Chad J Creighton, Soo-Kyung Lee, Carrie A Mohila, Benjamin Deneen
Long-range enhancer interactions critically regulate gene expression, yet little is known about how their coordinated activities contribute to CNS development or how this may, in turn, relate to disease states. By examining the regulation of the transcription factor NFIA in the developing spinal cord, we identified long-range enhancers that recapitulate NFIA expression across glial and neuronal lineages in vivo. Complementary genetic studies found that Sox9-Brn2 and Isl1-Lhx3 regulate enhancer activity and NFIA expression in glial and neuronal populations...
September 11, 2017: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889733/garcinia-kola-seeds-may-prevent-cognitive-and-motor-dysfunctions-in-a-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-rat-model-partly-by-mitigating-neuroinflammation
#7
Paul F Seke Etet, Mohammed Farahna, Gwiria M H Satti, Yahia M Bushara, Ahmed El-Tahir, Muaawia A Hamza, Sayed Y Osman, Ambrose C Dibia, Lorella Vecchio
Background We reported recently that extracts of seeds of Garcinia kola, a plant with established hypoglycemic properties, prevented the loss of inflammation-sensible neuronal populations like Purkinje cells in a rat model of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Here, we assessed G. kola extract ability to prevent the early cognitive and motor dysfunctions observed in this model. Methods Rats made diabetic by single injection of streptozotocin were treated daily with either vehicle solution (diabetic control group), insulin, or G...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886268/implanted-hair-follicle-associated-pluripotent-hap-stem-cells-encapsulated-in-polyvinylidene-fluoride-membrane-cylinders-promote-effective-recovery-of-peripheral-nerve-injury
#8
Aiko Yamazaki, Kohya Obara, Natsuko Tohgi, Kyoumi Shirai, Sumiyuki Mii, Yuko Hamada, Nobuko Arakawa, Ryoichi Aki, Robert M Hoffman, Yasuyuki Amoh
Hair follicle-associated-pluripotent (HAP) stem cells are located in the bulge area of the hair follicle, express the stem-cell marker, nestin, and have been shown to differentiate to nerve cells, glial cells, keratinocytes, smooth muscle cells, cardiac muscle cells, and melanocytes. Transplanted HAP stem cells promote the recovery of peripheral nerve and spinal cord injuries and have the potential for heart regeneration as well. In the present study, we implanted mouse HAP stem-cell spheres encapsulated in polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF)-membrane cylinders into the severed sciatic nerve of immunocompetent and immunocompromised (nude) mice...
September 8, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885661/egfr-as-a-clinical-marker-in-glioblastomas-and-other-gliomas
#9
Fadi S Saadeh, Rami Mahfouz, Hazem I Assi
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a transmembrane glycoprotein and a member of the tyrosine kinase superfamily receptor. Gliomas are tumors originating from glial cells, which show a range of aggressiveness depending on grade and stage. Many EGFR gene alterations have been identified in gliomas, especially glioblastomas, including amplifications, deletions and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Glioblastomas are discussed as a separate entity due to their high correlation with EGFR mutants and the reported association of the latter with survival and response to treatment in this glioma subgroup...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Biological Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883755/effect-of-glucose-level-on-chemical-hypoxia-and-hydrogen-peroxide-induced-chemokine-expression-in-human-glioblastoma-cell-lines
#10
Yieun Jung, So-Hee Ahn, Sang Hui Park, Youn-Hee Choi
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common primary intracranial tumor in adults and has poor prognosis. The GBM-specific tumor microenvironment (TME) plays a crucial role in tumor progression, immune escape, local invasion, and metastasis of GBM. Here, we demonstrate that hypoxia, reactive oxygen species (ROS), and differential concentration of glucose influence the expression of cytokines and chemokines, such as IL-6, IL-8, and IP-10, in human glial cell lines. Treatment with cobalt chloride (CoCl2) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) significantly increased the expression levels of IL-6, IL-8, and IP-10 in a dose-dependent manner in CRT-MG and U251-MG astroglioma cells, but not in microglia cells...
September 2017: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879901/braf-gene-alterations-and-enhanced-mammalian-target-of-rapamycin-signaling-in-gangliogliomas
#11
Aanchal Kakkar, Atreye Majumdar, Pankaj Pathak, Anupam Kumar, Kalpana Kumari, Manjari Tripathi, Mehar C Sharma, Vaishali Suri, Vivek Tandon, Sarat P Chandra, Chitra Sarkar
BACKGROUND: Gangliogliomas (GGs) are slow-growing glioneuronal tumors seen in children and young adults. They are associated with intractable epilepsy, and have recently been found to harbor BRAF (B- rapidly accelerated fibrosarcoma) gene mutations. However, the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway, downstream of BRAF, has not been evaluated extensively in GGs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: GG cases were retrieved, clinical data obtained, and histopathological features reviewed...
September 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872113/organotypic-hippocampal-slice-cultures-as-a-model-to-study-neuroprotection-and-invasiveness-of-tumor-cells
#12
Urszula Grabiec, Tim Hohmann, Niels Hammer, Faramarz Dehghani
In organotypic hippocampal slice cultures (OHSC), the morphological and functional characteristics of both neurons and glial cells are well preserved. This model is suitable for addressing different research questions that involve studies on neuroprotection, electrophysiological experiments on neurons, neuronal networks or tumor invasion. The hippocampal architecture and neuronal activity in multisynaptic circuits are well conserved in OHSC, even though the slicing procedure itself initially lesions and leads to formation of a glial scar...
August 27, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870788/effect-of-brain-tumor-presence-during-radiation-on-tissue-toxicity-transcriptomic-and-metabolic-changes
#13
Janice A Zawaski, Omaima M Sabek, Horatiu Voicu, Hon-Chiu Eastwood Leung, M Waleed Gaber
PURPOSE: Radiation therapy (RT) causes functional and transcriptomic changes in the brain; however, most studies have been carried out in normal rodent brains. Here, the long-term effect of irradiation and tumor presence during radiation was investigated. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Male Wistar rats ∼7 weeks old were divided into 3 groups: sham implant, RT+sham implant, and RT+tumor implant (C6 glioma). Hypofractionated irradiation (8 or 6 Gy/day for 5 days) was localized to a 1-cm strip of cranium starting 5 days after implantation, resulting in complete tumor regression and prolonged survival...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866326/progesterone-improves-neurocognitive-outcomes-following-therapeutic-cranial-irradiation-in-mice
#14
Seema Yousuf, Daniel J Brat, Hui-Kuo Shu, Ya Wang, Donald G Stein, Fahim Atif
Despite improved therapeutic methods, CNS toxicity resulting from cancer treatment remains a major cause of post-treatment morbidity. More than half of adult patients with cranial irradiation for brain cancer develop neurobehavioral/cognitive deficits that severely impact quality of life. We examined the neuroprotective effects of the neurosteroid progesterone (PROG) against ionizing radiation (IR)-induced neurobehavioral/cognitive deficits in mice. Male C57/BL mice were exposed to one of two fractionated dose regimens of IR (3Gy×3 or 3Gy×5)...
September 14, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859856/gastrin-induces-nuclear-export-and-proteasome-degradation-of-menin-in-enteric-glial-cells
#15
Sinju Sundaresan, Cameron A Meininger, Anthony J Kang, Amanda L Photenhauer, Michael M Hayes, Nirakar Sahoo, Jolanta Grembecka, Tomasz Cierpicki, Lin Ding, Thomas J Giordano, Tobias Else, David J Madrigal, Malcolm J Low, Fiona Campbell, Ann-Marie Baker, Haoxing Xu, Nicholas A Wright, Juanita L Merchant
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 1 (MEN1) locus encodes the nuclear protein and tumor suppressor menin. MEN1 mutations frequently cause neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) such as gastrinomas, characterized by their predominant duodenal location and local metastasis at time of diagnosis. Diffuse gastrin cell hyperplasia precedes the appearance of MEN1 gastrinomas, which develop within submucosal Brunner's glands. We investigated how menin regulates expression of the gastrin gene and induces generation of submucosal gastrin-expressing cell hyperplasia...
August 28, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858902/huntington-mice-demonstrate-diminished-pain-response-in-inflammatory-pain-model
#16
Ya-Chi Lin, Hung-Tsung Hsiao, Sheng-Nan Wu, Yen-Chin Liu
BACKGROUND: Huntington disease (HD) affects the nervous system and leads to mental and motor dysfunction. Previous studies have shown that HD is caused by the exon 1 region of the huntingtin (HTT) gene having expanded CAG trinucleotide repeats. However, few studies have focused on the relationship between HD and pain. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between HD and pain response. METHODS: We used clinical similar transgenic HD mice carrying a mutant HTT exon 1 containing 84 CAG trinucleotide repeats to evaluate the relationship between HD and pain...
August 30, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858529/soft-substrates-containing-hyaluronan-mimic-the-effects-of-increased-stiffness-on-morphology-motility-and-proliferation-of-glioma-cells
#17
Katarzyna Pogoda, Robert Bucki, Fitzroy J Byfield, Katrina Cruz, Tongkeun Lee, Cezary Marcinkiewicz, Paul Janmey
Unlike many other cancer cells that grow in tumors characterized by an abnormally stiff collagen-enriched stroma, glioma cells proliferate and migrate in the much softer environment of the brain, which generally lacks the filamentous protein matrix characteristic of breast, liver, colorectal, and other types of cancer. Glial cell-derived tumors and the cells derived from them are highly heterogeneous and variable in their mechanical properties, their response to treatments, and their properties in vitro. Some glioma samples are stiffer than normal brain when measured ex vivo, but even those that are soft in vitro stiffen after deformation by pressure gradients that arise in the tumor environment in vivo...
August 31, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853695/paradoxical-results-obtained-with-ki67-labeling-and-phh3-mitosis-index-in-glial-tumors-a-literature-analysis
#18
İlhan Elmaci, Meric A Altinoz, Fatih Han Bolukbasi, Ozlem Yapicier, Aydin Sav
Precise tiered tumor grading is essential for predicting prognosis, selecting different treatment options and for follow-up of brain tumor patients. Ki67 labeling index (LI) is widely employed in assessing aggressiveness of glial brain tumors. However, Ki67 is subject to interlaboratory variability, and its antigen is expressed on all cell cycle phases except G0, which hinders its usage as a precise criterion for assessing cell proliferation. Indeed, there exist peculiar observations pertinent to increases of Ki67 index in glial tumors following radiotherapy or treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853080/selective-cytotoxicity-of-manganese-nanoparticles-against-human-glioblastoma-cells
#19
I A Razumov, E L Zav'yalov, S Yu Troitskii, A V Romashchenko, D V Petrovskii, K E Kuper, M P Moshkin
Toxicity of different types of manganese nanoparticles against glioblastoma U-87MG and U-251 cells and normal human cells was studied using MTT test. The selectivity of the toxic effect of nanoparticles was evaluated as the ratio of 50% cytotoxic concentration (СС50) for human embryos fibroblasts (FECh-15) to their СС50 for tumor cells. Five of 6 samples of tested nanoparticles demonstrated selective toxic effect in vitro. Manganese oxide nanoparticles were characterized by maximum selectivity (СС50 6...
August 29, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852847/distinct-molecular-profile-of-diffuse-cerebellar-gliomas
#20
Masashi Nomura, Akitake Mukasa, Genta Nagae, Shogo Yamamoto, Kenji Tatsuno, Hiroki Ueda, Shiro Fukuda, Takayoshi Umeda, Tomonari Suzuki, Ryohei Otani, Keiichi Kobayashi, Takashi Maruyama, Shota Tanaka, Shunsaku Takayanagi, Takahide Nejo, Satoshi Takahashi, Koichi Ichimura, Taishi Nakamura, Yoshihiro Muragaki, Yoshitaka Narita, Motoo Nagane, Keisuke Ueki, Ryo Nishikawa, Junji Shibahara, Hiroyuki Aburatani, Nobuhito Saito
Recent studies have demonstrated that tumor-driving alterations are often different among gliomas that originated from different brain regions and have underscored the importance of analyzing molecular characteristics of gliomas stratified by brain region. Therefore, to elucidate molecular characteristics of diffuse cerebellar gliomas (DCGs), 27 adult, mostly glioblastoma cases were analyzed. Comprehensive analysis using whole-exome sequencing, RNA sequencing, and Infinium methylation array (n = 17) demonstrated their distinct molecular profile compared to gliomas in other brain regions...
August 29, 2017: Acta Neuropathologica
keyword
keyword
38960
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"