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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337066/paintball-related-ocular-injuries-first-case-report-in-saudi-patients
#1
Mohammad Al-Amry, Huda Al-Ghadeer
Paintball is a popular recreational sport. This case series describes three Saudi patients exposed to paintball ocular injuries with sever ocular trauma. Two patients developed hyphema and traumatic cataract and one patient had vitreous hemorrhage, choroidal detachment, commotio retinae and retinal tear. All patients require surgical intervention. Final best corrected visual acuity was 20/200, 20/30 and 20/50 respectively. Paintball related ocular injuries can result in severe visual loss and in most of the time requires surgical intervention...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336128/retinal-pigment-epithelium-tears-classification-pathogenesis-predictors-and-management
#2
REVIEW
Mehmet Giray Ersoz, Murat Karacorlu, Serra Arf, Isil Sayman Muslubas, Mumin Hocaoglu
Various eye conditions cause tears in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). The most common cause of an RPE tear is vascularized retinal pigment epithelial detachment (PED) in patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration. Although RPE tears can develop spontaneously in vascularized PEDs, most recent cases have been associated with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injections. The subretinal fluid within the PED applies hydrostatic pressure to the RPE and stretches it. The PED enlarges as the hydrostatic pressure increases...
March 20, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333879/intravitreal-aflibercept-injection-for-choroidal-neovascularization-due-to-presumed-ocular-histoplasmosis-syndrome-the-handle-study
#3
Brian W Toussaint, John W Kitchens, Dennis M Marcus, Daniel M Miller, Megan L Kingdon, Diana Holcomb, Ken Ivey
PURPOSE: To evaluate intravitreal aflibercept injection (IAI) in patients with presumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome and choroidal neovascularization. METHODS: Open-label randomized Phase I/II study of IAI in patients with presumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome-related choroidal neovascularization. Thirty-nine eyes from 39 patients were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to 2 groups. The Sustained Group eyes (n = 19) underwent monthly IAI for 3 months, then mandatory IAI every 2 months for 12 months (with an option for monthly PRN dosing, if needed)...
March 22, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299000/chorioretinal-coloboma-complications-retinal-detachment-and-choroidal-neovascular-membrane
#4
Rehan M Hussain, Ashkan M Abbey, Ankoor R Shah, Kimberly A Drenser, Michael T Trese, Antonio Capone
PURPOSE: To report the chorioretinal coloboma, and its association with increased risk of retinal detachment (RD) and choroidal neovascularization (CNV). METHODS: This retrospective case series included eyes with chorioretinal coloboma diagnosed between 1995 and 2014 with a focus on RD and CNV as related complications. Cases of CNV were managed with laser photocoagulation or intravitreal injection of bevacizumab. For eyes with CNV, therapeutic success was defined as resolution of the subretinal hemorrhage on fundus examination and resolution of the subretinal and intraretinal fluid on optical coherence tomography (OCT)...
January 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298866/choroidal-neovascularization-secondary-to-ocular-penetration-during-retrobulbar-anesthesia-and-its-treatment
#5
Seyhan Dikci, Turgut Yılmaz, Zarife Ekici Gök, Soner Demirel, Oğuzhan Genç
Retrobulbar anesthesia is still used before ocular surgery; however, it has various complications including ocular penetration. The penetration/perforation of the globe can cause complications such as endophthalmitis, retinal detachment, and scotoma. Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is rarely seen, following choroidal rupture in penetrating eye injuries. Here, we present a patient who underwent a pars plana vitrectomy for vitreous hemorrhage secondary to ocular penetration during a retrobulbar injection for cataract surgery...
January 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293535/inflammatory-choroidal-neovascular-membrane-after-healed-tuberculous-choroidal-granuloma
#6
Sikander A K Lodhi, Khadija Saifuddin, Santhosh Devulapally
Objective: To present a case of choroidal granuloma masquerading as intraocular tumor that healed on anti-tuberculous treatment but led to the development of inflammatory choroidal neovascular membrane (CNVM). Method: A 42-year-old female patient with past history of hysterectomy presented with diminution of vision in the right eye. Fundus examination in the right eye showed a yellowish white choroidal mass with associated bullous retinal detachment superotemporal to fovea. Left eye fundus was normal. Fundus flourescein angiography showed early and late hyperflourescence with late pooling in serous detachments...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282700/-choroidal-neovascularisation-other-than-typical-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration
#7
D Sandner
Choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) in the context of exsudative age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) can be divided into type 1 (occult) and type 2 (classical) membranes. Retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP) or polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) are "rare subtypes" of chorioretinal neovascularisation and are distinguished by their distinct morphology and the sometimes worse response to therapy. Chorioretinal anastomosis, severe exsudates with serosanguinous pigment epithelial detachment and, in PCV, orange-red lesions in the papillomacular bundle can be diagnostic...
March 10, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267114/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-of-flat-irregular-pigment-epithelium-detachment-in-chronic-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#8
Elodie Bousquet, Sophie Bonnin, Sarah Mrejen, Valérie Krivosic, Ramin Tadayoni, Alain Gaudric
PURPOSE: To assess the rate of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) detected by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in flat irregular pigment epithelium detachment (PED) in chronic central serous chorioretinopathy. METHODS: Data on all consecutive patients with chronic central serous chorioretinopathy who underwent OCTA over a 1-year period were reviewed. The presence of flat irregular PED, which was defined as an irregular elevation of the retinal pigment epithelium allowing the visualization of a distinct Bruch's membrane was assessed on high-resolution OCT B-scan...
March 3, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241069/early-post-treatment-choroidal-thickness-to-alert-sunset-glow-fundus-in-patients-with-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease-treated-with-systemic-corticosteroids
#9
Kiriko Hirooka, Wataru Saito, Kenichi Namba, Kazuomi Mizuuchi, Daiju Iwata, Yuki Hashimoto, Susumu Ishida
PURPOSE: To determine if early post-treatment central choroidal thickness (CCT) changes can predict sunset glow fundus (SGF) development in patients with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease treated using systemic corticosteroids. METHODS: This retrospective case series included 39 eyes of 21 treatment-naïve patients with acute VKH disease who could be followed up for more than 12 months after systemic corticosteroid therapy. The eyes were divided into two groups according to whether SGF was present or absent at 12 months (9 eyes of 5 patients versus 30 eyes of 16 patients, respectively)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225725/clinical-features-of-affected-and-undetached-fellow-eyes-in-patients-with-fevr-associated-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment
#10
Miner Yuan, Xiaoyan Ding, Yu Yang, Fang Liu, Jiaqing Li, Xiaoling Liang, Xiongze Zhang, Andina Hu, Zijing Li, Zongyi Zhan, Lin Lu
PURPOSE: To report the clinical characteristics of the affected and fellow eyes in patients with familial exudative vitreoretinopathy-associated rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (FEVR-RRD). METHODS: This was a retrospective observational case series. The affected and fellow eyes were given complete examinations. The age, sex, clinical features of the affected eyes, and varied abnormalities of the fellow eyes were analyzed. RESULTS: Forty-three patients with FEVR-RRD were included...
March 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218368/intravitreal-dexamethasone-implant-ozurdex%C3%A2-for-exudative-retinal-detachment-after-proton-beam-therapy-for-choroidal-melanoma
#11
Ariane Malclès, Anh-Minh Nguyen, Thibaud Mathis, Jean-Daniel Grange, Laurent Kodjikian
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravitreal 0.7-mg dexamethasone implant (DEX-I) (Ozurdex®) in the treatment of extensive exudative retinal detachment (RD) associated with uveal melanoma treated using proton beam therapy (PBT). METHODS: Data from 10 patients with exudative RD after PBT treated with intravitreal injection of 0.7-mg DEX-I were reviewed retrospectively. The main outcome measures were resolution of exudative RD, visual acuity, and safety profile...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210185/neoplastic-leptomeningeal-disease-masquerading-as-central-serous-retinopathy-a-case-report
#12
Ibrahim Elaraoud, Hanif J Suleman, Peter Cikatricis, Helen Palmer
A 69-year-old man became aware of people's speech being out of synch with their lip movements alongside persistent headaches, both of which progressively worsened. A few weeks later, he developed progressive and painless visual loss in one eye. Initial neurological evaluation, inflammatory markers and head computed tomography scan were normal. Ophthalmological examination and OCT scan revealed right macular subretinal fluid with choroidal indentation, which prompted urgent further investigations including head MRI revealing extensive leptomeningeal disease...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203189/a-mystery-of-bilateral-annular-choroidal-and-exudative-retinal-detachment-with-no-systemic-involvement-is-it-part-of-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease-spectrum-or-a-new-entity
#13
Ibrahim Elaraoud, Walter Andreatta, Li Jiang, Kenan Damer, Jalil Al-Ibrahim
A 65-year-old Caucasian male presented to the eye emergency department with bilateral significant visual loss. He was otherwise healthy with no significant past medical history. Ophthalmic history was significant for chronic open-angle glaucoma, for which the patient was using latanoprost once daily to both eyes. There was no preceding history of trauma or ocular surgery and the patient was emmetropic. Two weeks prior to his presentation, he reported a headache, which settled spontaneously. Slit-lamp examination demonstrated bilateral keratic precipitates, bilateral significantly shallow anterior chamber, and bilaterally normal intraocular pressures of 16 mm Hg...
January 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182090/deep-sclerectomy-with-nonabsorbable-implant-t-flux-in-patients-with-pseudoexfoliation-glaucoma
#14
Pavel Studeny, Alina-Dana Baxant, Jana Vranova, Pavel Kuchynka, Jitka Pokorna
Purpose. To evaluate the effectiveness of deep sclerectomy with T-flux implant (DS T-flux) in patients with pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (PExG). Methods. 20 eyes of 18 patients with medically uncontrolled PExG have undergone DS T-flux implantation. Postoperatively we evaluated the IOP values and the frequency of complications. The minimum follow-up time was 12 months (20 eyes) and the maximum 24 months (10 eyes). Results. The mean preoperative IOP was 36.8 ± 8.7 mmHg. The IOP significantly decreased throughout all postoperative periods (P < 0...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161929/presumed-sterile-endophthalmitis-afer-intravitreal-triamcinolone-kenalog-more-common-and-less-benign-than-we-thought
#15
Angie H C Fong, Carmen K M Chan
PURPOSE: This study aimed to review the incidence and clinical outcome of presumed sterile endophthalmitis after the off-label use of intravitreal Kenalog injections (triamcinolone acetonide with 1.5% benzyl alcohol) and to compare it with the presumed sterile endophthalmitis incidence after intravitreal Kenacort-A (0.99% benzyl alcohol) at our center. DESIGN: This was a single-center, retrospective, consecutive, interventional case series of all patients who underwent intravitreal Kenalog injections at Hong Kong Eye Hospital from November 1, 2009, to July 31, 2012...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154791/acute-angle-closure-glaucoma-secondary-to-polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy-a-devastating-complication
#16
Prabu Baskaran, Manavi D Sindal, Pankaja Dhoble, Seema Ramakrishnan, Venkatesh Rengaraj, Pradeep Ramulu
Acute angle closure glaucoma (ACG) in the setting of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) is a catastrophic complication that has been documented infrequently in literature. Ours is the second only report that describes hemorrhagic choroidal detachment as an event leading to acute angle closure glaucoma in PCV patients and the first one to describe the use of diode cyclophotocoagulation (CPC) for this condition. The purpose of this article is to familiarize readers with this entity that has an extremely dismal visual prognosis...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153505/three-cases-of-erdheim-chester-disease-with-intraocular-manifestations-imaging-and-histopathology-findings-of-a-rare-entity
#17
Anna C S Tan, Suzanne Yzer, Neal Atebara, Brian P Marr, Robert M Verdijk, Virgil A S H Dalm, K Bailey Freund, Lawrence Yannuzzi, Tom Missotten
PURPOSE: To report intraocular manifestations of ECD with multimodal imaging. DESIGN: A retrospective observational case series. METHODS: This was a multi-center case series of three patients with confirmed tissue diagnosis of ECD that showed intraocular manifestations and were imaged at baseline and follow-up visits. RESULTS: Intraocular manifestations are rarely observed in association with Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD)...
January 30, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151873/bimatoprost-induced-late-onset-choroidal-detachment-after-trabeculectomy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Shunsuke Nakakura, Asuka Noguchi, Hitoshi Tabuchi, Yoshiaki Kiuchi
BACKGROUND: Choroidal detachment (CD) is often observed at an early period particularly after trabeculectomy and glaucoma drainage implant surgery. However, topical antiglaucoma eye drop-induced CD is a rare complication. Here, we report a case of topical bimatoprost-induced late-onset CD after trabeculectomy and review the literature. CASE REPORT: A 74-year-old man who suffered from primary open-angle glaucoma underwent his initial trabeculectomy with mitomycin-C in the right eye...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145973/optical-coherence-tomography-findings-in-cytomegalovirus-retinitis-a-longitudinal-study
#19
Alessandro Invernizzi, Aniruddha Agarwal, Vittoria Ravera, Marta Oldani, Giovanni Staurenghi, Francesco Viola
PURPOSE: To evaluate the vitreal, retinal, and choroidal features using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in eyes affected by cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with either active or inactive CMV retinitis were included in the study. Complete ophthalmic examination, serial color fundus photography, and SD-OCT (with and without enhanced depth imaging function) were performed for all the subjects at baseline and follow-up visits...
January 31, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145971/subthreshold-laser-treatment-for-serous-retinal-detachment-in-dome-shaped-macula-associated-with-pathologic-myopia
#20
Maurizio Battaglia Parodi, Pierluigi Iacono, Francesco Bandello
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of the subthreshold laser treatment as a therapeutic option in the treatment of serous retinal detachment secondary to dome-shaped macula. METHODS: Prospective pilot study with 12-month follow-up. Each patient underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination, including best-corrected visual acuity, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, and spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Eyes with persistent serous retinal detachment lasting for a minimum of 12 months and absence of best-corrected visual acuity improvement underwent subthreshold laser treatment in a single session...
January 31, 2017: Retina
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