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Choroidal detachment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930802/morphologic-features-associated-with-fibrotic-scarring-after-anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-therapy-in-polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy
#1
Jae Hui Kim, Young Suk Chang, Jong Woo Kim, Chul Gu Kim, Dong Won Lee, Ye Ji Kim
PURPOSE: To investigate morphologic features associated with fibrotic scarring after anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy in polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). METHODS: This retrospective study included 293 patients who had been diagnosed with PCV and treated with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor monotherapy during a 12-month follow-up period. Associations of morphologic features, including type of PCV, location of the polypoidal lesion, greatest linear dimension, largest polyp diameter, choroidal vascular hyperpermeability, pigment epithelial detachment, intraretinal fluid, and subretinal hyperreflective material (SHRM) with fibrotic scar at 12 months were analyzed...
September 19, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924418/optical-coherence-tomography-findings-and-successful-repair-of-retina-detachment-in-knobloch-syndrome
#2
Nazanin Ebrahimiadib, Bobeck S Modjtahedi, Kevin Ferenchak, Thanos D Papakostas, Jason S Mantagos, Demetrios G Vavvas
A 7-year-old Afghani girl was referred to the retina clinic of Massachusetts Eye and Ear for a chronic-appearing, macula-off retinal detachment in the left eye. On examination, best-corrected visual acuity was 20/400 in the right eye and 20/800 in the left eye. She had bilateral horizontal nystagmus. Ophthalmoscopy revealed prominent choroidal vessels, chorioretinal atrophy in the macular area, attenuated retinal vasculature, and pale optic discs bilaterally. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography demonstrated atrophy of the choriocapillaris and the retinal pigment epithelium, retinal thinning, and abnormal foveal contour...
2017: Digital Journal of Ophthalmology: DJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922308/large-retinal-pigment-epithelial-rip-associated-with-bullous-retinal-and-choroidal-detachment
#3
Jesse T McCann, Michael Engelbert
PURPOSE: To report a giant retinal pigment epithelium rip in a patient with a bullous retinal and choroidal detachment. METHODS: Case report with widefield imaging, fundus autofluorescence, and optical coherence tomography of the retina. RESULTS: This 62-year-old patient had a history of advanced glaucoma, trabeculectomy, blebitis, and endophthalmitis. He had cataract surgery 6 weeks before presentation. He was found to have a large bullous retinal and choroidal detachment with a large retinal pigment epithelium tear at the limit of the choroidal detachment...
October 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918060/outcomes-of-ahmed-glaucoma-valve-revision-in-pediatric-glaucoma
#4
Ahmed Mansour Al-Omairi, Aliah H Al Ameri, Sami Al-Shahwan, Arif O Khan, Ibrahim Al-Jadaan, Ahmed Mousa, Deepak P Edward
PURPOSE: Encapsulation of the Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) plate is a common cause for postoperative elevation of intraocular pressure, especially in children. Many reports have described the outcomes of AGV revision in adults. However, the outcomes of AGV revision in children are poorly documented. The aim of this study was to determine the outcomes of AGV revision in children. DESIGN: Retrospective cross sectional study METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients less than 15 years of age who underwent AGV revision with a minimum postoperative follow-up of six months was conducted...
September 13, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914559/bilateral-posterior-scleritis-associated-with-giant-cell-arteritis-a-case-report
#5
Mehmet Erdogan, Nihat Sayin, Dilbade Yıldız Ekinci, Sadik Bayramoglu
AIM: To report a case of bilateral posterior scleritis associated with giant cell arteritis Case Report: A 62-year-old female patient presented with bilateral progressive vision loss was diagnosed with bilateral posterior scleritis. According to clinical signs and symptoms and laboratory testing, Giant cell arteritis was also diagnosed. Within 8 weeks of the corticosteroid treatment, the serous retinal detachments completely resolved and choroidal thickness decreased in both eyes. Visual acuity increased, and the symtoms related to Giant cell arteritis improved...
September 15, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914005/delayed-absorption-of-subretinal-fluid-after-retinal-reattachment-surgery-and-associated-choroidal-features
#6
Jong Min Kim, Eun Jung Lee, Ga Eun Cho, Kunho Bae, Ju Yeun Lee, Gyule Han, Se Woong Kang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and associated clinical factors of delayed absorption of subretinal fluid (SRF) after surgery for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. METHODS: This study involved 36 eyes of 36 consecutive patients who underwent successful surgery for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. A complete ophthalmologic evaluation, including clinical fundus examination, optical coherence tomography, and indocyanine green angiography, was conducted before and after surgery...
September 11, 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911990/peri-dome-choroidal-deepening-in-highly-myopic-eyes-with-dome-shaped-maculas
#7
Kyoko Ohno-Matsui, Yuxin Fang, Kengo Uramoto, Kosei Shinohara, Tae Yokoi, Tomoka Ishida, Jost B Jonas
PURPOSE: To determine characteristics of peri-dome choroidal deepening (PDCD) surrounding dome-shaped maculas (DSMs) in highly myopic eyes. DESIGN: Observational case series. METHODS: Applying swept-source optical coherence tomography, we examined the posterior pole of highly myopic eyes with DSMs. RESULTS: The study included 91 highly myopic eyes (67 patients; mean age: 60.0±15.1 years; mean axial length: 30.0±7.4mm) with a mean dome height of the DSM of 232±132 μm...
September 11, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902095/detection-of-treatment-naive-choroidal-neovascularization-in-age-related-macular-degeneration-by-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#8
Daniel Ahmed, Martin Stattin, Alexandra Graf, Julia Forster, Carl Glittenberg, Ilse Krebs, Siamak Ansari-Shahrezaei
PURPOSE: To compare the detection rate of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in treatment-naive neovascular age-related macular degeneration by swept source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA, Topcon's DRI Triton) working at 1,050 nm wavelength versus fluorescence angiography. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of 156 eyes (107 neovascular age-related macular degeneration and 49 dry AMD) in 98 patients, previously diagnosed by multimodal imaging using fluorescein (FA) and indocyanine green angiography (Heidelberg's Spectralis) in a tertiary retina center, evaluated by SS-OCTA 4...
September 4, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895632/-oct-angiography-in-exudative-amd-with-detachment-of-vascularised-retinal-pigment-epithelium
#9
Frederic Gunnemann, Kai Rothaus, Marie-Louise Farecki, Henrik Faatz, Benedikt Book, Albrecht Lommatzsch, Daniel Pauleikoff
Background The aim of the following extended case study was to analyse whether choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) in vascularised epithelial detachments (PED) in OCT angiography (OCT-A) can be better visualised in OCT-A than in the established angiographic methods during the course of anti-VEGF therapy and if possible used to quantify the CNV size and flow area. These findings were compared with other SD-OCT characteristics of the lesion (PED height, retinal thickness). Patients and Methods 8 patients with PED and associated CNV were diagnosed with multimodal imaging and additionally OCT angiography was performed...
September 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894975/reperfusion-of-the-choriocapillaris-observed-using-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-hypertensive-choroidopathy
#10
Miwa Saito, Akihiro Ishibazawa, Reiko Kinouchi, Akitoshi Yoshida
PURPOSE: Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) can visualize the vascular status of the choriocapillaris noninvasively and separately from the other vascular beds. We describe focal ischemia in the choriocapillaris and reperfusion of the area in hypertensive choroidopathy using en-face OCTA. CASE: A 32-year-old woman diagnosed with pregnancy-induced hypertension presented with acute anorthopia in the right eye after delivery via Caesarian section. Fundus examination showed an Elschnig's spot and serous retinal detachment (SRD) in the inferior perifoveal region...
September 11, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891028/the-use-of-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-pachychoroid-spectrum-diseases-a-concurrent-comparison-with-dye-angiography
#11
Sibel Demirel, Özge Yanık, Hilal Nalcı, Figen Batıoğlu, Emin Özmert
PURPOSE: The study objective was to compare dye angiography and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in detecting choroidal neovascuarization (CNV) in patients presenting with pachychoroid features and flat irregular pigment epithelial detachment (PED). METHODS: Nineteen eyes of 17 patients, presenting with flat PED and pachychoroid features, and without age-related macular degeneration or any other degenerative change, were analyzed. Fuorescein angiography (FA)/Indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) and OCTA were performed during the same visit...
September 11, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875111/carotid-cavernous-fistula-masquerading-as-delayed-suprachoroidal-hemorrhage-after-trabeculectomy
#12
Mukesh Jain, Md Shahid Alam, Bipasha Mukherjee, Rajiv Raman
Objective: Carotid cavernous fistulae (CCFs) are abnormal communications between the cavernous sinus and the carotid arterial system. Based on the etiology, CCFs can be traumatic, spontaneous and rarely iatrogenic. We report an interesting case of new onset CCF associated with shallow choroidal detachment after trabeculectomy surgery. Method: Observational case report Result: A 69-year-old male patient presented with complain of proptosis, congestion, and gross diminution of vision in the left eye following trabeculectomy elsewhere...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868277/extramedullary-relapse-of-acute-myelogenous-leukemia-presenting-as-a-large-serous-retinal-detachment
#13
Wesley Green, P Kumar Rao, George J Harocopos
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To describe the rare presentation of a large, unilateral, serous retinal detachment as an extramedullary manifestation of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) recurrence without bone marrow or central nervous system involvement after more than 1 year of follow-up. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A teenage patient with AML, previously treated with multiple courses of systemic chemotherapy, radiation, and bone marrow transplant, presented with acute vision loss...
July 2017: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860706/investigation-into-the-quantitative-and-qualitative-characteristics-of-choroidal-melanoma-through-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-b-scan-ultrasound
#14
Vassilis Papayiannis, Konstantinos T Tsaousis, Constantinos A Kouskouras, Afroditi Haritanti, Vasilios F Diakonis, Ioannis T Tsinopoulos
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the homogeneity and vascularity of choroidal melanoma through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and brightness modulation (B-mode) ultrasound scan and their correlation with dimensions of tumor, as well as to measure the sensitivity of both modalities in retinal detachment (RD) detection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective chart review included patients diagnosed with choroidal melanoma. All these patients underwent MRI scans using T2-weighted (T2-WI) and T1-weighted (T1-WI) sequences, before and after an intravenous injection of paramagnetic contrast material...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860700/changes-of-outer-retinal-microstructures-after-photodynamic-therapy-for-chronic-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#15
Kimiko Shimizu, Yohei Hashimoto, Keiko Azuma, Yoko Nomura, Ryo Obata, Hidenori Takahashi, Yasuo Yanagi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the morphological changes in retinal microstructures following modified photodynamic therapy (PDT) for chronic central serous chorioretinopathy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of 21 consecutive eyes (age, 59±8.0 years [mean ± SD]) of 21 patients with chronic central serous chorioretinopathy. Inner foveal thickness (the distance between the internal limiting membrane and external limiting membrane), photoreceptor outer segment (PROS) length at the point without serous retinal detachment and choroidal thickness were assessed with enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography before treatment and at 1, 3 and 6 months after modified PDT...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858151/posterior-surgical-revision-of-failed-fornix-based-trabeculectomy
#16
Doaa H Sobeih, Paul R Cotran
PURPOSE: To evaluate outcomes after revision of failed fornix-based trabeculectomy using a posterior conjunctival incision and Mitomycin C (MMC). METHODS: Cases were identified using Current Procedural Terminology codes. Information from clinical records was analyzed retrospectively. Complete success was defined as intraocular pressure (IOP) ≤16 mmHg with no glaucoma medications and IOP reduction of >20% from preoperative levels. Qualified success was defined as IOP ≤16 with or without medications and IOP reduction of >20%...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856428/intraoperative-b-scan-ultrasonography-and-pars-plana-vitrectomy-for-severe-open-globe-injury-with-hemorrhagic-retinal-and-choroidal-detachment
#17
Nobuhiko Shiraki, Taku Wakabayashi, Tatsuhiko Sato, Hirokazu Sakaguchi, Kohji Nishida
PURPOSE: Our purpose was to report the initial clinical experience of intraoperative B-scan ultrasonography in combination with 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy for severe open globe injury with hemorrhagic retinal and choroidal detachment. METHODS: Six eyes of six consecutive patients with severe open globe injury underwent intraoperative B-scan ultrasonography and 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy at Osaka University Hospital in Japan. The feasibility of intraoperative B-scan ultrasonography, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), retinal reattachment, and intraoperative and postoperative complications were evaluated...
August 30, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844323/idiopathic-acute-exudative-polymorphous-vitelliform-maculopathy-clinical-spectrum-and-multimodal-imaging-characteristics
#18
Irene Barbazetto, Kunal K Dansingani, Rosa Dolz-Marco, Alfonso Giovannini, F C Piccolino, Anita Agarwal, Lawrence A Yannuzzi
PURPOSE: To describe clinical findings in patients with acute exudative polymorphous vitelliform maculopathy (AEPVM). DESIGN: Retrospective, observational, multicenter case series review. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive patients diagnosed with idiopathic AEPVM. METHODS: Review of clinical charts, multimodal imaging, electrophysiologic findings, and genetic findings in previously unpublished patients and review of the literature...
August 22, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834921/multiple-serous-pigment-epithelial-detachments-in-association-with-major-weight-loss-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Valeria Kheir, Aude Ambresin, Irmela Mantel
PURPOSE: To report about two cases with bilateral multiple serous pigment epithelial detachments (sPED) following major acute weight loss. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of patients who presented with bilateral multiple sPED following acute major weight loss. The files were reviewed for their general and ophthalmic history, medication, ophthalmic status, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and enhanced depth imaging, fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography, arterial pressure, and laboratory workup...
August 21, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834901/outcomes-of-23-gauge-pars-plana-vitrectomy-combined-with-phacoemulsification-and-capsulotomy-without-intraocular-lens-implantation-in-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment-associated-with-choroidal-detachment
#20
Huiyan Xu, David Lutrin, Zhifeng Wu
Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment associated with choroidal detachment (RRDCD) is a special type of complex retinal detachment, and usually has a poor prognosis. This study aimed to assess the anatomical outcomes of 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (23G PPV) combined with phacoemulsification (phaco) and capsulotomy without intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in patients with RRDCD.Seventy-six consecutive patients with RRDCD, who underwent retinal repair surgery from January 2010 to December 2014, were retrospectively analyzed...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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