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Human papiloma virus

Irena Aleksioska-Papestiev, Vesna Chibisheva, Megi Micevska, Goran Dimitrov
Introduction: Cervical cancer is a malignancy originating in the transformation zone of the cervix, most commonly in the squamous cells. It is the fourth most common cancer in women worldwide, and the third most common cause of female cancer death. Genital human papilloma viruses (HPV) are sexually transmitted and approximately 630 milion people worldwide are infected. More than 200 genotypes, subtypes and variants have been reported, 13-15 being oncogenic type, which could be responsible for cervical intraepithelial lesions (CIN) or cancer...
February 2018: Medical Archives
Ilda P Ribeiro, Leonor Barroso, Francisco Marques, André Santos, Francisco Caramelo, Maria J Julião, Joana B Melo, Isabel M Carreira
The tongue is the most common and aggressive site for tumors in the oral cavity. These tumors are usually located in the lateral border of the tongue and are often related to the use of tobacco and alcohol. Clinical management of these tumors is predominantly based on anatomic location and TNM classification. The identification of molecular signatures with ability to explain the different outcomes observed in these patients is of paramount importance to guide and help their management. CASE PRESENTATION: we herein describe an 88-year-old woman diagnosed with synchronous bilateral tongue carcinoma...
October 4, 2017: Current Problems in Cancer
María Rosario Mercado Gutiérrez, Carolina Arean Cuns, María Luisa Gómez Dorronsoro, Irene Paniello Alastruey, Fermin Mallor Giménez, Maria Dolores Lozano Escario, Mercedes Santamaría Martínez
OBJECTIVE: Cervical carcinoma (CC) is the second cause of death among women aged 15 and 44 in Spain. CC is linked to hig-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection and its prevalence varies according age and geographical region. The awereness of the latter is essential for public health prevention efforts. The aim was to study the age related in HR-HPV genotypes in cytologies with squamous intraepithelial lesion (SIL). METHODS: From a total of 67,935 ginecologic cytologies over a four-year period, we selected cytologic specimens with SIL...
February 9, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
Urška Grdadolnik, Maja Sočan
BACKGROUND: Socio-economic inequalities may have an impact on the uptake of selfpaid vaccines. The aim of the study was to identify the effect of some socio economic determinants on vaccination rates with self-paid human papilloma virus (HPV) and rotavirus (RV) vaccines. METHODS: Vaccination coverage data, available in electronic database (administered by the National Institute of Public Health), were collected at administrative unit level. The socio-economic determinants (the average gross pay in euros, the unemployment rate, the educational and households structure, the population density, the number of inhabitants, the number of children aged from 0 to 4, the number of women aged from 15 to 30) were extracted from Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia web page...
March 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Selda Yörük, Ayla Açıkgöz, Gül Ergör
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study is to investigate knowledge, attitudes and behaviours concerning cervical cancer, HPV and HPV vaccine of female students studying at a university in a health related department and explore variables affecting taking the vaccine. METHODS: The research group consists of female students attending a health related department in Balıkesir University. The data of this cross-sectional research was collected via surveys. RESULTS: The average total knowledge score of the students concerning risks, symptoms and screening methods of cervical cancer and HPV vaccines was 14...
August 3, 2016: BMC Women's Health
Lauren M Carlson, Sam Gonzalez
In Costa Rica, cervical cancer is the second most common female cancer, despite accessibility of screening through the universal health care system. There is little understanding of knowledge levels of the adolescent population on cervical cancer, although this population is the most exposed to risk factors. This study sought to learn about male and female adolescent knowledge of preventative methods, infection acquisition, clinical manifestations and medical services. A total of 533 students from grades 7-12 from five public high schools in the rural San Carlos region participated in the study from March through April 2012...
September 2014: Revista de Biología Tropical
Dimitrios Karussis, Panayiota Petrou
A wide variety of inflammatory diseases temporally associated with the administration of various vaccines, has been reported in the literature. A PubMed search from 1979 to 2013 revealed seventy one (71) documented cases. The most commonly reported vaccinations that were associated with CNS demyelinating diseases included influenza (21 cases), human papilloma virus (HPV) (9 cases), hepatitis A or B (8 cases), rabies (5 cases), measles (5 cases), rubella (5 cases), yellow fever (3 cases), anthrax (2 cases),meningococcus (2 cases) and tetanus (2 cases)...
March 2014: Autoimmunity Reviews
María A Pando, Ivan C Balan, Curtis Dolezal, Ruben Marone, Victoria Barreda, Alex Carballo-Dieguez, María M Avila
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to investigate the frequency of male circumcision among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Buenos Aires, Argentina; the association between circumcision and sexually transmitted infections (STIs); and, among those uncircumcised, the willingness to be circumcised. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 500 MSM recruited through the respondent-driven sampling (RDS) technique. Participants underwent a consent process, responded to a Web-based survey that included questions on demographic information, sexual behaviour, and circumcision and provided biological samples...
2013: Journal of the International AIDS Society
M Teresa Urrutia, Ximena Concha, Giselle Riquelme, Oslando Padilla
INTRODUCTION: The human papilloma virus (HPV) is a common sexually transmitted infection in young people and recognized as the most important risk factor for cervical cancer (CC). AIM: To describe the degree of knowledge that a group of Chilean teenagers have of HPV infection, CC, and its relationship with preventive behavior. METHODS: This is an analytical study, with a random sample of 226 adolescents from three public schools of the Metropolitan Region in Santiago...
December 2012: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
G Rajasekhar, Mohammed Mushtaq, Nanda Gopal Vura, Ravi Shekar, Sravan Kumar
Condylomata acuminatum is a sexually transmitted infectious disease caused by human papiloma virus on the skin. The transmission is mainly by close contact with infected person and autoinoculation. In oral cavity the condition manifests as soft pink nodules which proliferate and coalesce rapidly to form diffuse papillomatous clusters of varying size. Odontogenic myxoma is a rare tumor of jaws which occurs in the tooth-bearing areas of the mandible and maxilla. It is an uncommon, benign, but locally aggressive neoplasm...
December 2009: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Juan Pablo Mouesca, Miguel Javier Indart de Arza, Luis Stabilito
This article deals with anogenital warts (AGW) injuries caused by human papiloma virus (HPV) in children. Diagnosis, epidemiology, modes of transmission, differential diagnosis, relationship between AGW and cancer are descript. Also, it remarks the presence of AGW as indicator of child sexual abuse. Finally, it includes suggestions for the management of patients and their families by the paediatrician.
October 2012: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Faraz Shaikh, Parvish Sanehi, Rakesh Rawal
UNLABELLED: Cervical cancer is malignant neoplasm of the cervix uteri or cervical area. Human Papillomaviruses (HPVs) which are heterogeneous groups of small double stranded DNA viruses are considered as the primary cause of cervical cancer, involved in 90% of all Cervical Cancers. Two early HPV genes, E6 and E7, are known to play crucial role in tumor formation. E6 binds with p53 and prevents its translocation and thereby inhibit the ability of p53 to activate or repress target genes...
2012: Bioinformation
Tetsuo Nakayama
Adjuvant is originated from the Latin word "adjuvare" which means "help" in English to enhance the immunological responses when given together with antigens. The beginning of adjuvant was mineral oil which enhanced the immune response when it was given with inactivated Salmonella typhimurium. Aluminium salt was used to precipitate diphtheria toxoid and increased level of antibody response was demonstrated when administered with alum-precipitated antigens. Since 1930, aluminium salt has been used as DTaP (diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccine) adjuvant...
2011: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Alfonso Gutiérrez-Aguado
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the cost-utility of the vaccine against the Human Papiloma Virus (HPV) in peruvian women after the application of the vaccine at 10 years of age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cost-utility analysis was performed using the Markov´s hidden model in a hypothetical cohort of peruvian women, based on the information on epidemiological parameters, costs associated to uterine cervical cancer (UCC) and the efficacy and costs of the vaccine against the HPV...
July 2011: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
Simone Cristina Castanho Sabaini de Melo, Letícia Prates, Maria Dalva de Barros Carvalho, Sonia Silva Marcon, Sandra Marisa Pelloso
The aim of the present study was to verify the occurrence of citopathological alterations and risk factors of Uterine Cervical Neoplasm in women attended by SUS--the Public Healthcare System--in a district situated in the North of Paraná State, Brazil from 2001 to 2006. It was a descriptive transversal observational study. The data collection consisted in collection of test results from medical records and interviews. It was achieved 6.356 tests and, 1.02% (65) of the women examined presented alterations. From the tests made 4...
December 2009: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
María Teresa Solis, Francisco Aguayo, Macarena Vargas, Fabiola Olcay, Klaus Puschel, Alejandro Corvalán, Catterina Ferreccio
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the third cause of cancer death among Chilean women, affecting mainly women from low socioeconomic status. AIM: To determine main risk factors (RF) including human papiloma virus (HPV) types associated with abnormal cervical cytology (Atypical Squamous Cells of Undetermined Significance or ASCUS) among Chilean women from low socioeconomic status in Santiago, Chile. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A random population based sample of 616 women from La Pintana (a low-income district in Santiago) participated in 2001 in a HPV prevalence study and were re-evaluated in 2006 through a risk factors questionnaire, Papanicolaou test and DNA detection for HPV...
February 2010: Revista Médica de Chile
Miguel O'Ryan, María Teresa Valenzuela
Molecular, clinical and epidemiological studies have established beyond doubt that human papiloma viruses (HPV) cause cervical cancer. The virus is also associated with genital warts and other less common cancers in oropharynx, vulva, vagina and penis. Worldwide, VPH genotypes 16 and 18 are the most common high risk genotypes, detected in near 70% of women with cervical cancer. The discovery of a cause-effect relationship between several carcinogenic microorganisms and cancer open avenues for new diagnostic, treatment and prevention strategies...
November 2008: Revista Médica de Chile
J Mataix Díaz, I Betlloch Mas, N Pastor Tomás, J Bañuls Roca, M T Martínez
The objective of this study was to investigate the possible relationship between the presence of anogenital warts (AGW) in children and the sexual abuse as mode of transmission. Our series includes 8 patients with AGW who were treated in our hospital during the year 2007. A complete physical examination was carried out, including colposcopy or anoscopy, and samples were taken for histopathological examination and human papiloma virus (HPV) subtyping. We considered perinatal transmission as a possible route in two cases...
December 2008: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
Golubinka Bosevska, Nikola Panovski, Eleni Dokić, Violeta Grunevska
The aim of the study was to detect HIV RNA in seropositive patients using RT-PCR method and thus, to establish PCR methodology in the routine laboratory works. The total of 33 examined persons were divided in two groups: 1) 13 persons seropositive for HIV; and 2) 20 healthy persons - randomly selected blood donors that made the case control group. The subjects age was between 25 and 52 years (average 38,5). ELFA test for combined detection of HIV p24 antigen and anti HIV-1+2 IgG and ELISA test for detection of antibodies against HIV-1 and HIV-2, were performed for each examined person...
November 2008: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
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