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lumbar cervical thoracic

Hiroki Kano, Yohei Matsuo, Noriaki Kubo, Satoshi Fujimi, Takashi Nishiii
STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective case series at a single institution. OBJECTIVE: The study was performed to investigate the characteristics of spinal injuries in survivors of suicidal jumping. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spinal fracture/dislocation is associated with high-energy trauma such as that induced by motor vehicle accidents. Survivors of suicidal jumping sometimes sustain spinal injuries. However, the characteristics of such spinal injuries are unclear...
June 21, 2018: Spine
Abhiraj D Bhimani, Ankit Indravadan Mehta
BACKGROUND: Intradural extramedullary (IDEM) spinal cord tumors account for two thirds of all intraspinal neoplasms. Surgery for IDEM tumors carries risk for many different complications, which to date have been poorly described and quantified. OBJECTIVE: To better characterize risk factors and complications for IDEM tumors, stratifying by spinal cord level and malignancy. METHODS: The ACS-NSQIP database was queried to determine 30-day outcomes following surgery for IDEM tumors between 2005 and 2016...
June 11, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Thaís Pereira Dias da Silva, Wildo Navegantes de Araújo, Marina Morato Stival, Aline Martins de Toledo, Thomaz Nogueira Burke, Rodrigo Luiz Carregaro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the musculoskeletal discomfort, work ability and residual fatigue in nursing professionals working in the hospital setting. METHOD: Cross-sectional study with professionals from a medium-sized public hospital. The Nordic symptom questionnaire, the work ability index, and the need for recovery scale (fatigue) were used. Data were analyzed descriptively and inferential tests were applied in order to verify the association of fatigue and work ability, and compare the fatigue among sectors analyzed...
June 11, 2018: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Ralph T Schär, Ekkehard Hewer, Christian T Ulrich
A 36-year-old man was diagnosed with Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) of the cervical spine with a unifocal expansive osteolytic lesion of C4. The surgical management with a 2-year follow-up and a review of the literature on LCH of the cervical spine are presented. Although a rare condition, LCH is an important differential diagnosis of any osteolytic lesion in the cervical spine with localized pain in a young adult patient. Review of the literature suggests a higher prevalence of LCH lesions affecting the cervical spine as compared with the thoracic or lumbar spine than historically reported...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
Yan Wang, Guo-Quan Zheng, Yong-Gang Zhang, Kai Song, Di-Yu Song, Xue-Song Zhang, Zheng Wang, Ning Lu, Ke-Ya Mao
OBJECTIVE: To describe and apply an optimal classification system for the management of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) that may be appropriate to make a preoperative surgical plan. BACKGROUND: The treatment choices of ankylosing spondylitis kyphosis remain controversial. The lack of a widely accepted classification system contributes to the variation in surgical decision making. METHODS: The classification is mainly based on radiographic findings...
July 2018: Spine Deformity
P Proks, L Stehlik, I Nyvltova, A Necas, M Vignoli, V Jekl
The aim of this retrospective study of 330 rabbits (164 males, 166 females) was to determine different vertebral formulas and prevalence of congenital vertebral anomalies in rabbits from radiographs of the cervical (C), thoracic (Th), lumbar (L) and sacral (S) segments of the vertebral column. The number of vertebrae in each segment of vertebral column, position of anticlinal vertebra and localisation and type of congenital abnormalities were recorded. In 280/330 rabbits (84.8%) with normal vertebral morphology, seven vertebral formulas were identified: C7/Th12/L7/S4 (252/330, 76...
June 2018: Veterinary Journal
Deborah Jeffery, Anne F Fish
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease. Motor neurons are affected in certain patterns, such as cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and bulbar (facial) regions. Although initial presentations can vary, eventually upper and lower motor neurons are lost in the two types of ALS: familial and sporadic. A case study highlighting the reality of living with bulbar ALS relays Sister A's journey from early to late ALS. Etiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment, and clinical care are discussed...
July 2018: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
Nicolas Amoretti, Palominos Diego, Pellegrin Amélie, Olivier Andreani, Pauline Foti, Heidy Schmid-Antomarchi, Jean-Claude Scimeca, Pascal Boileau
PURPOSE: to evaluate the technical feasibility and safety of CT and fluoroscopy guided percutaneous vertebroplasty in the treatment of tumoral vertebral fractures with posterior wall involvement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval and informed consent were obtained for this study. Sixty-three consecutive adult patients (35 women, 28 men; mean age+/- standard deviation: 69 years+/- 14) with tumoral spinal fractures that compromised the posterior wall were treated by means of percutaneous vertebroplasty with CT and fluoroscopy guidance...
July 2018: European Journal of Radiology
Erin M Mannen, Elizabeth A Friis, Hadley L Sis, Benjamin M Wong, Eileen S Cadel, Dennis E Anderson
The thoracic spine presents a challenge for biomechanical testing. With more segments than the lumbar and cervical regions and the integration with the rib cage, experimental approaches to evaluate the mechanical behavior of cadaveric thoracic spines have varied widely. Some researchers are now including the rib cage intact during testing, and some are incorporating follower load techniques in the thoracic spine. Both of these approaches aim to more closely model physiological conditions. To date, no studies have examined the impact of the rib cage on thoracic spine motion and stiffness in conjunction with follower loads...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Linda-Marie Ustaris, Roberta Seidman, Tejwant Bindra, Ratna Basak
A 4-year-old girl with no significant medical or family history presented with toe walking, leg pain, unsteady gait and frequent falls for 2 months. Examination revealed upper motor neuron signs in the lower extremities. Laboratory tests were normal including creatinephosphokinase and lactate dehydrogenase. Brain and lumbar spine MRI were normal. MRI cervical and thoracic spine showed a large intradural and extradural mass arising from the right C7 nerve root, widening of the neural canal with evidence of cord compression...
May 30, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Shi-Gan Luo, Zhao-Ming Zhong, Si-Yuan Zhu, Jian-Ting Chen
OBJECTIVE: The postoperative change in cervical sagittal alignment has an impact on health-related quality of life in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients who have undergone deformity correction. However, the effect of deformity correction on sagittal cervical profile is still controversial in the literatures. The objective of this study was to investigate the postoperative change in the cervical sagittal alignment of patients with AIS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 46 AIS patients treated by posterior instrumentation and fusion with pedicle screw constructs were included in the study...
April 22, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
M A Khan, G Deib, B Deldar, A M Patel, J S Barr
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Painful spinal metastases are a common cause of cancer-related morbidity. Percutaneous ablation presents an attractive minimally invasive alternative to conventional therapies. We performed a retrospective review of 69 patients with 102 painful spinal metastases undergoing microwave ablation and cementoplasty to determine the efficacy and safety of this treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Procedures were performed between January 2015 and October 2016 with the patient under general anesthesia using image guidance for 102 spinal metastases in 69 patients in the following areas: cervical ( n = 2), thoracic ( n = 50), lumbar ( n = 34), and sacral ( n = 16) spine...
May 24, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
Ying-Zhao Yan, Qing-Ping Li, Cong-Cong Wu, Xiang-Xiang Pan, Zhen-Xuan Shao, Shao-Qing Chen, Ke Wang, Xi-Bang Chen, Xiang-Yang Wang
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of studies on spinal morphology in asymptomatic Asian and Western patients have been reported. Variation in spinal anatomy among patients is considered as the cause of wrong-level surgery in up to 40% of cases. The present study examined the rate of presence of 11 thoracic vertebrae and 6 lumbar vertebrae in 293 asymptomatic Chinese adult volunteers. METHODS: From May 27, 2016, to November 11, 2017, a cohort of 325 asymptomatic Chinese adults meeting the study exclusion criteria was recruited...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
J Brocal, S De Decker, R José-López, E G Manzanilla, J Penderis, C Stalin, S Bertram, J J Schoenebeck, C Rusbridge, N Fitzpatrick, R Gutierrez-Quintana
The number of cervical vertebrae in mammals is almost constant at seven, regardless of their neck length, implying that there is selection against variation in this number. Homebox (Hox) genes are involved in this evolutionary mammalian conservation, and homeotic transformation of cervical into thoracic vertebrae (cervical ribs) is a common phenotypic abnormality when Hox gene expression is altered. This relatively benign phenotypic change can be associated with fatal traits in humans. Mutations in genes upstream of Hox, inbreeding and stressors during organogenesis can also cause cervical ribs...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Anatomy
Mustafa Kocaer, Varol Gülseren, İsa Aykut Özdemir, Özgü Güngördük, Emre Merter Mart, Muzaffer Sanci, Kemal Güngördük
AIM: We sought to identify risk factors and management options for uterine cervical cancer (UCC) patients with a vertebral metastasis (VM) treated over the course of 23 years. METHODS: Among 844 UCC patients, 18 were diagnosed with a VM. Thirty-six control patients with UCC but without recurrence were matched to these 18 in terms of stage and histological tumor type using a dependent random sampling method. A logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors prognostic of VM; the results are presented as odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
M Krzykała, P Leszczyński, M Grześkowiak, T Podgórski, M Woźniewicz-Dobrzyńska, A Konarska, R Strzelczyk, J Lewandowski, J M Konarski
Common practice in field hockey requires athletes to adopt a semi-crouched posture, so players have a greater risk of musculoskeletal disorders than non-athletes. The aim of the present study was to assess how field hockey determines asymmetry in morphological and functional characteristics of the body by comparing athletes to control participants. The sample consisted of 15 male field hockey players from the Polish Youth National Team and 14 male university students. Antimeric differences in the chosen variables between body sub-regions were assessed...
March 27, 2018: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
Johan Hambraeus, Kjerstin S Hambraeus, Jan Persson
Objective: To describe a practical approach for the diagnosis and treatment of thoracic zygapophyseal joint pain and to present preliminary clinical data on the effects of this treatment approach on health-related quality of life. Design: An observational study. Setting: Specialist outpatient pain clinic in northern Sweden. Subjects: Patients with long-term thoracic pain. Methods: We describe a method of radiofrequency denervation of thoracic zygapophyseal joints...
May 1, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Regina P Woon, Lindsay M Andras, Hilali Noordeen, Stephen Morris, John Hutchinson, Suken A Shah, Jeff Pawelek, Charles E Johnston, David L Skaggs
STUDY DESIGN: Surgeon survey. OBJECTIVES: To determine if magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) following implantation of magnetically controlled growing rods (MCGRs) is associated with any adverse events. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Magnetically controlled growing rods have been shown to reduce the need for repeated surgical procedures and improve costs when compared to traditional growing rods, but concerns about MRI compatibility exist. MRIs are often clinically indicated in the EOS population...
May 2018: Spine Deformity
Chao Liu, Guoquan Zheng, Yue Guo, Kai Song, Xiangyu Tang, Xuesong Zhang, Zheng Wang, Yan Wang
OBJECTIVE: To report on the radiologic outcomes of different osteotomy position-selection strategies for a two-level osteotomy for correcting severe ankylosing spondylitis kyphosis. METHODS: From July 2009 to September 2016, a total of 46 patients in our department with severe ankylosing spondylitis kyphosis who underwent two-level pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) were studied. Pre- and postoperative relevant parameters were recorded. The patients were divided into two types and further separated into four groups...
May 2018: Spine Deformity
Shoichi Haimoto, Ralph T Schär, Yusuke Nishimura, Masahito Hara, Toshihiko Wakabayashi, Howard J Ginsberg
OBJECTIVE Recent studies have demonstrated the efficacy of subfascial intrawound application of vancomycin powder in spine surgery in reducing the rate of surgical site infections (SSIs). However, to date no study has evaluated the efficacy and safety of suprafascial application of vancomycin powder in spine surgery. The purpose of this study was to quantify the rate of SSIs after open instrumented posterior spinal fusion with and without application of suprafascial vancomycin powder and to evaluate the rate of vancomycin powder-related local adverse effects...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
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