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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607011/liposomal-amphotericin-b-nephrotoxicity-in-patients-with-hematological-malignancies-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#1
Marta Stanzani, Nicola Vianelli, Michele Cavo, Alessandro Maritati, Marta Morotti, Russell E Lewis
We retrospectively examined the incidence, onset, risk factors, and outcomes of renal injury during 103 treatment courses of liposomal amphotericin B (L-AMB) in 97 adult patients with hematological malignancies. All patients were analyzed before, during and after the administration of L-AMB, and renal injury was graded per the RIFLE criteria. Most patients (87.3%) received L-AMB at 3 mg/kg/day. Nearly two-thirds (61.7%) of treatment courses did not meet any RIFLE category for renal injury, while 19.4% of patients were classified at risk, 13...
June 12, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596039/assessment-of-aortic-wall-thrombus-predicts-outcomes-of-endovascular-repair-of-complex-aortic-aneurysms-using-fenestrated-and-branched-endografts
#2
Mauricio Ribeiro, Gustavo S Oderich, Thanila Macedo, Terri J Vrtiska, Jan Hofer, Julia Chini, Bernardo Mendes, Stephen Cha
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to investigate the correlation between atherothrombotic aortic wall thrombus (AWT) and clinical outcomes in patients treated by fenestrated-branched endovascular aortic repair (F-BEVAR) and present a new classification system for assessment of AWT burden. METHODS: The clinical data of 301 patients treated for pararenal and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs) by F-BEVAR was reviewed. The study excluded 89 patients with extent I to III TAAA because of extensive laminated thrombus within the aneurysm sac...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578358/incidence-and-outcome-of-acute-kidney-injury-by-the-prifle-criteria-for-children-receiving-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-after-heart-surgery
#3
Raja Abou Elella, Eiad Habib, Pavla Mokrusova, Princy Joseph, Hani Aldalaty, Mamdouh Al Ahmadi, Zohair Al Halees
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in patients treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). The RIFLE criteria demonstrate clinical relevance for diagnosing AKI and classifying its severity. OBJECTIVES: To systematically define the incidence, clinical course and outcome of AKI using the pediatric pRIFLE criteria. DESIGN: Retrospective, medical records review. SETTINGS: Pediatric cardiac surgical intensive care units at a tertiary care hospital in Riyadh...
May 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473672/colistin-associated-nephrotoxicity-among-patients-in-intensive-care-units-icu-of-hospitals-in-selangor
#4
M R Rashizal Sazli, A F Syed Mohamed, W M Wan Mazuan, S M Ling, A Mahmud, S Amin Nordin
INTRODUCTION: The increasing trend of extensively drugresistant gram negative bacteria responsible for nosocomial infections has prompted resurgence colistin usage. Colistin-induced nephrotoxicity is a concern with disparity in the reported rates between previous studies. This study aims to evaluate colistin-induced nephrotoxicity among Malaysian population. METHODS: The medical records of ICU patients receiving colistin therapy in Hospital Serdang and Hospital Sungai Buloh from 2010 to 2012 were retrospectively reviewed...
April 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471979/effects-of-6-hydroxyethyl-starch-130-0-4-on-postoperative-blood-loss-and-kidney-injury-in-off-pump-coronary-arterial-bypass-grafting-a-retrospective-study
#5
Jeong Jin Min, Hyun Sung Cho, Suyong Jeon, Jong-Hwan Lee, Jeong Jin Lee, Young Tak Lee
We retrospectively evaluated the effects of 6% hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4 on postoperative blood loss and acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB).Electronic medical records of 771 patients who underwent OPCAB in our hospital between July 2012 and July 2014 were reviewed, and 249 patients without intraoperative HES-exposure (group NoHES) were matched 1:N with intraoperative HES-exposed 413 patients (group HES) based on propensity score. The effects of intraoperative HES on postoperative cumulative blood loss within the first 24 hours, need for bleeding-related reoperation, and occurrence of postoperative AKI (determined by KDIGO and RIFLE criteria) were analyzed...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419138/clinical-significance-of-ngal-and-kim-1-for-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-with-scrub-typhus
#6
In O Sun, Sung Hye Shin, A Young Cho, Hyun Ju Yoon, Mi Yok Chang, Kwang Young Lee
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical significance of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) for acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with scrub typhus. METHODS: From 2014 to 2015, 145 patients were diagnosed with scrub typhus. Of these, we enrolled 138 patients who were followed up until renal recovery or for at least 3 months. We measured serum and urine NGAL and KIM-1 levels and evaluated prognostic factors affecting scrub typhus-associated AKI...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356662/pregnancy-related-acute-kidney-injury-an-analysis-of-165-cases
#7
E Mahesh, S Puri, V Varma, P R Madhyastha, S Bande, K C Gurudev
Pregnancy-related acute kidney injury (PRAKI) contributes to 3-7% of overall acute kidney injury (AKI) cases in Indian subcontinent. The aim of this study was to determine the outcomes of PRAKI and risk factors associated with renal injury and maternal mortality. One hundred and sixty-five patients with PRAKI, seen at M. S. Ramaiah Medical College between 2005 and 2014, were included in this, observational study. AKI was analyzed in terms of maximal stage of renal injury attained as per Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss of function, and End-stage renal disease (RIFLE) criteria...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355400/acute-kidney-injury-diagnosis-in-intensive-care-units-biomarkers-or-information
#8
Flávio Teles de Farias Filho, Maria Carolina Santos Malafaia, Erika Thaynara Martins
In recent years, the diagnosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) has been based on classifications such as RIFLE, AKIN and KDIGO, which has the goal of world standardization and timely recognition of the disease. It is essential that intensivists be aware about these classifications, because most of the time, they will have the first opportunity to diagnose AKI. However, it is still very common that the nephrologist consultation be performed in advanced stages of the AKI, when the interventions to halt the progression are very limited...
March 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353411/polymyxin-b-and-vancomycin-associated-acute-kidney-injury-in-critically-ill-patients
#9
Douglas de Sousa Soares, André da Fonte Reis, Geraldo Bezerra da Silva Junior, Tacyano Tavares Leite, Sérgio Luiz Arruda Parente Filho, Carina Vieira de Oliveira Rocha, Elizabeth De Francesco Daher
BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate renal toxicities of Polymyxin B and Vancomycin among critically ill patients and risk factors for acute kidney injury (AKI). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted with patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) of a tertiary hospital in Brazil. Patients were divided into two groups: those who used association of Polymyxin B + Vancomycin (Group I) and those who used only Polymyxin B (Group II). Risk factors for AKI were also analyzed...
May 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353153/good-tolerability-of-high-dose-colistin-based-therapy-in-patients-with-haematological-malignancies
#10
Sara Grignolo, Paola Tatarelli, Fabio Guolo, Paola Minetto, Giulia Rivoli, Daniela Guardo, Valerio Del Bono, Riccardo Varaldo, Francesca Gualandi, Filippo Ballerini, Annamaria Raiola, Marco Gobbi, Claudio Viscoli, Malgorzata Mikulska
PURPOSE: Colistin is usually the only drug fully active against multi-drug resistant Gram-negative bacteria, but its nephrotoxicity might limit its use. Recent pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic data suggest that high dose of colistin, preceded by a loading dose, are needed to maximize its antibacterial effect. The aim of this study was to determine the safety of high doses colistin, in haematology population. METHODS: A retrospective review of haematology patients who received high dose colistin-based therapy in years 2011-2016 was performed...
March 28, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303771/epidemiology-and-outcome-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-children-a-single-center-study
#11
Werner Keenswijk, Jill Vanmassenhove, Ann Raes, Evelyn Dhont, Johan VandeWalle
BACKGROUND: Information on the epidemiology of Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) in children is scarce. We performed a single center retrospective cohort study to analyze the incidence of AKI, the male/female ratio, the underlying etiology, and age at presentation. We also aimed to assess outcome measured by mortality, duration of PICU stay, and development of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). METHODS: Records were searched for children presenting with or developing AKI between 1st January 2008 and 1st January 2015...
March 17, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298367/incidence-risk-factors-and-clinical-outcomes-of-acute-kidney-injury-associated-with-scrub-typhus-a-retrospective-study-of-510-consecutive-patients-in-south-korea-2001-2013
#12
Kyungo Hwang, Ha Nee Jang, Tae Won Lee, Hyun Seop Cho, Eunjin Bae, Se-Ho Chang, Dong Jun Park
OBJECTIVES: Renal involvement in scrub typhus ranges from simple urinary abnormalities to acute kidney injury (AKI) leading to death. This study evaluated the incidence, predictors and prognosis of AKI associated with scrub typhus according to the RIFLE (risk, injury, failure, loss, end-stage kidney disease) criteria. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the medical records of patients diagnosed with scrub typhus from January 2001 to November 2013 in Gyeongsang National University Hospital...
March 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296531/risk-factors-associated-with-acute-kidney-injury-in-a-cohort-of-20-575-arthroplasty-patients
#13
Pyry Jämsä, Esa Jämsen, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Jarkko Kalliovalkama, Antti Eskelinen, Niku Oksala
Background and purpose - Patients developing postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) are at risk of higher morbidity and mortality. In arthroplasty patients, many pre- and perioperative factors are associated with AKI but some of the risk factors are unclear. We report the incidence of postoperative AKI, the conditions associated with it, and survival rates in AKI patients. Patients and methods - We obtained data from 20,575 consecutive hip or knee arthroplasties. Postoperative AKI, occurring within 7 days after the operation, was defined using the risk, injury, failure, loss, and end-stage (RIFLE) criteria...
March 15, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294557/double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-routine-peri-operative-use-of-terlipressin-in-adult-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#14
Mettu Srinivas Reddy, Ilankumaran Kaliamoorthy, Akila Rajakumar, Selvakumar Malleeshwaran, Ellango Appuswamy, Sukanya Lakshmi, Joy Varghese, Mohamed Rela
BACKGROUND: Peri-operative terlipressin (Tp) during living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) has been shown to reduce intra-operative portal pressures and improve renal function. Its role and safety profile has never been evaluated in a double-blinded RCT. AIM: To evaluate the haemodynamic effects, clinical benefits and safety of peri-operative terlipressin infusion in adult LDLT. METHODS: This was a single centre double-blind RCT. Consenting adults with chronic liver disease and low risk of post-transplant renal dysfunction (PTRD) undergoing their first LDLT were randomized...
March 14, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270643/charlson-comorbidity-index-for-prediction-of-outcome-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-critically-ill-patients
#15
Sumaira Talib, Fatima Sharif, Sidra Manzoor, Sonia Yaqub, Waqar Kashif
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to determine predictors of outcomes in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury (AKI), and to study the impact of the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) as a prognostic indicator. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included critically ill patients who were admitted with AKI or developed AKI during their hospital stay. The impact of comorbidity was evaluated by the CCI, while severity of AKI was assessed by the RIFLE criteria...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258686/ischaemic-preconditioning-for-the-reduction-of-renal-ischaemia-reperfusion-injury
#16
REVIEW
Theo P Menting, Kimberley E Wever, Denise Md Ozdemir-van Brunschot, Daan Ja Van der Vliet, Maroeska M Rovers, Michiel C Warle
BACKGROUND: Ischaemia reperfusion injury can lead to kidney dysfunction or failure. Ischaemic preconditioning is a short period of deprivation of blood supply to particular organs or tissue, followed by a period of reperfusion. It has the potential to protect kidneys from ischaemia reperfusion injury. OBJECTIVES: This review aimed to look at the benefits and harms of local and remote ischaemic preconditioning to reduce ischaemia and reperfusion injury among people with renal ischaemia reperfusion injury...
March 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219327/incidence-timing-and-outcome-of-aki-in-critically-ill-patients-varies-with-the-definition-used-and-the-addition-of-urine-output-criteria
#17
J Koeze, F Keus, W Dieperink, I C C van der Horst, J G Zijlstra, M van Meurs
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious complication of critical illness with both attributed morbidity and mortality at short-term and long-term. The incidence of AKI reported in critically ill patients varies substantially with the population evaluated and the definitions used. We aimed to assess which of the AKI definitions (RIFLE, AKIN or KDIGO) with or without urine output criteria recognizes AKI most frequently and quickest. Additionally, we conducted a review on the comparison of incidence proportions of varying AKI definitions in populations of critically ill patients...
February 20, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182801/acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-treated-with-vancomycin-and-piperacillin-tazobactam-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#18
W Cliff Rutter, Donna R Burgess, Jeffery C Talbert, David S Burgess
BACKGROUND: Empiric antimicrobial therapy often consists of the combination of gram-positive coverage with vancomycin (VAN) and gram-negative coverage, specifically an antipseudomonal beta-lactam such as piperacillin-tazobactam (PTZ). Nephrotoxicity is commonly associated with VAN therapy; however, recent reports show higher nephrotoxicity rates among patients treated with the combination of VAN and PTZ. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effect of the VAN/PTZ combination on acute kidney injury (AKI) compared to VAN and PTZ monotherapies...
February 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182036/acute-kidney-injury-and-mortality-in-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-a-single-center-experience
#19
B Sehgal, P George, M J John, C Samuel
Hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) is a life-saving procedure for patients with several malignant and nonmalignant hematological disorders. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication after HSCT. The aim of the study was to identify the incidence and outcomes of AKI associated with HSCT in our center. Sixty-six HSCT recipients from October 2008 to March 2014 at Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, were followed up till July 31, 2014. RIFLE criteria utilizing serum creatinine was used to diagnose and stage AKI...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167560/nephrotoxicity-in-patients-with-or-without-cystic-fibrosis-treated-with-polymyxin-b-compared-to-colistin
#20
Ryan L Crass, W Cliff Rutter, Donna R Burgess, Craig A Martin, David S Burgess
Nephrotoxicity is the primary adverse effect of the polymyxins. The relative rates of toxicity of polymyxin B and colistin have not been fully elucidated, especially in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). A retrospective cohort study of adults treated with polymyxin B or colistin for at least 48 h was conducted. The primary endpoint was the incidence of kidney injury assessed by RIFLE (i.e., risk, injury, failure, loss, end-stage renal disease) criteria. Risk factors for kidney injury were evaluated using multivariate Cox regression...
April 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
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