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Cosmetic dermatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918007/cosmetic-approach-to-the-asian-population
#1
Karin Eshagh, Cameron K Rokhsar
The types of cosmetic procedures favored by Asian individuals are unique and tailored to their anatomical differences. Thus, a customized approach is taken for different cosmetic procedures, ranging from neurotoxins and fillers to nonablative fractional resurfacing. The purpose of this review article is to identify the different types of cosmetic procedures commonly sought by Asian individuals and to understand how these different procedures are customized toward their aesthetic preferences. This review integrates the findings from multiple clinical trials available on PubMed...
December 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896835/contact-sensitization-to-limonene-and-linalool-hydroperoxides-in-spain-a-geidac-prospective-study
#2
Gustavo Deza, Begoña García-Bravo, Juan F Silvestre, Maria A Pastor-Nieto, Ricardo González-Pérez, Felipe Heras-Mendaza, Pedro Mercader, Virginia Fernández-Redondo, Bo Niklasson, Ana M Giménez-Arnau
BACKGROUND: Limonene and linalool are common fragrance terpenes widely used in cosmetic, household and hygiene products. Their primary oxidation products formed after air exposure, the hydroperoxides, have been recognized as important contact haptens. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of contact allergy to hydroperoxides of limonene (Lim-OOHs) and hydroperoxides of linalool (Lin-OOHs) in Spain, and to define the optimal concentration for screening in consecutive patients...
November 29, 2016: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879084/topical-preparations-and-their-use-in-dermatology
#3
Johannes Wohlrab
The challenges of everyday clinical routine require dermatologists to have a basic knowledge of the composition of topical preparations as well as the regulatory background associated with their prescription. Proper selection, prescription, and application of topical preparations, depending on the respective indication, are key to professional and responsible medical practice. Problems commonly arise with respect to regulatory classifications (medicinal products, medical devices, or cosmetics), eligibility for reimbursement by the statutory health insurances (GKV), and insufficient declaration of vehicle systems...
November 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874885/patient-reported-outcomes-of-azelaic-acid-foam-15-for-patients-with-papulopustular-rosacea-secondary-efficacy-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-double-blind-phase-3-trial
#4
Stephen Tyring, James A Solomon, Gerald Staedtler, Jason P Lott, Richard Nkulikiyinka, Kaweh Shakery
Patient-reported treatment outcomes are important for evaluating the impact of drug therapies on patient experience. A randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled, parallel-group, multicenter, phase 3 study was conducted in 961 participants to assess patient perception of efficacy, utility, and effect on quality of life (QOL) of an azelaic acid (AzA) 15% foam formulation for the treatment of papulopustular rosacea (PPR). Secondary end points included patient-reported global assessment of treatment response, global assessment of tolerability, and opinion on cosmetic acceptability and practicability of product use...
October 2016: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871345/terra-firma-forme-dermatosis-in-singaporean-patients-the-alcohol-wipe-sign
#5
Choon Chiat Oh, Hazel H Oon, See Ket Ng, Shang Ian Tee, Anjali Jhingan, Wei-Sheng Chong
The term terra firma-forme dermatosis arises from the Latin phrase terra firma, meaning dry land (dirt), thus implying dirt-like dermatosis. The authors highlight five cases of patients with terra firma-forme dermatosis presenting to our dermatology center between 2012 and 2013. All patients presented to the dermatologist for persistent reticulated brown patches on the skin. These patients ranged in age from 6 to 22 years. All patients had tried various cleansing soaps and agents but were unable to remove the patches...
2016: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859716/response-to-the-concept-of-fragile-skin-a-case-of-disease-mongering-in-dermatology
#6
Ulrike Blume-Peytavi
We thank Dr Elsner for his interest in our supplement "Fragility of epidermis in newborns, children and adolescents" recently published in this journal, but note his concern about the value of the term "fragile skin" as a scientifically useful disease definition, given the wide spectrum of conditions covered by the term [1]. Contrary to what is suggested in the letter by Dr Elsner, fragile skin is not a "disease" and should not be confounded with skin fragility existing in the repertoire of dermatological diseases requiring medical treatment using pharmaceutical interventions (e...
November 11, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846016/botanicals-in-dermatology-essential-oils-botanical-allergens-and-current-regulatory-practices
#7
Sarah Mortimer, Margo Reeder
Largely because of their perceived safety, the use of essential oils and other botanically derived products has become increasingly popular. Recent evidence raises concern about the safety of these products, frequently found in cosmetics and sought as an alternative to standard medical treatments. Essential oils are challenging to standardize because of the variable growing conditions, genetics, and harvesting of botanicals. There exists a potential for adverse reactions, in particular allergic contact dermatitis...
November 2016: Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837412/skin-bleaching-and-dermatologic-health-of-african-and-afro-caribbean-populations-in-the-us-new-directions-for-methodologically-rigorous-multidisciplinary-and-culturally-sensitive-research
#8
Emma K T Benn, Andrew Alexis, Nihal Mohamed, Yan-Hong Wang, Ikhlas A Khan, Bian Liu
Skin-bleaching practices, such as using skin creams and soaps to achieve a lighter skin tone, are common throughout the world and are triggered by cosmetic reasons that oftentimes have deep historical, economic, sociocultural, and psychosocial roots. Exposure to chemicals in the bleaching products, notably, mercury (Hg), hydroquinone, and steroids, has been associated with a variety of adverse health effects, such as Hg poisoning and exogenous ochronosis. In New York City (NYC), skin care product use has been identified as an important route of Hg exposure, especially among Caribbean-born blacks and Dominicans...
November 11, 2016: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822110/the-danish-nonmelanoma-skin-cancer-dermatology-database
#9
REVIEW
Anna Lei Lamberg, Henrik Sølvsten, Ulrikke Lei, Gabrielle Randskov Vinding, Ida Marie Stender, Gregor Borut Ernst Jemec, Tine Vestergaard, Henrik Thormann, Merete Hædersdal, Tomas Norman Dam, Anne Braae Olesen
AIM OF DATABASE: The Danish Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer Dermatology Database was established in 2008. The aim of this database was to collect data on nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) treatment and improve its treatment in Denmark. NMSC is the most common malignancy in the western countries and represents a significant challenge in terms of public health management and health care costs. However, high-quality epidemiological and treatment data on NMSC are sparse. STUDY POPULATION: The NMSC database includes patients with the following skin tumors: basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma, Bowen's disease, and keratoacanthoma diagnosed by the participating office-based dermatologists in Denmark...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813656/filler-migration-to-the-forehead-due-to-multiple-filler-injections-in-a-patient-addicted-to-cosmetic-fillers
#10
Chia-Hua Lin, Chien-Ping Chiang, Bai-Yao Wu, Hong-Wei Gao
Filler migration is a potential complication following the injection of multiple fillers. With the increasing popularity of multiple filler injections, migrated granulomas should be an essential differential diagnosis for newly growing facial lumps. It is important for all physicians to be aware that complication induced by dermal fillers can occur in locations other than the planned injected sites. We described a case of filler migration to the forehead due to not only two fillers injections, as the patient was addicted to cosmetic fillers...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803921/use-of-adipose-derived-stem-cells-to-support-topical-skin-adhesive-for-wound-closure-a-preliminary-report-from-animal-in-vivo-study
#11
Maciej Nowacki, Katarzyna Pietkun, Arkadiusz Jundziłł, Tomasz Kloskowski, Dariusz Grzanka, Joanna Skopinska-Wisniewska, Kinga Scibior, Maciej Gagat, Marta Pokrywczyńska, Alina Grzanka, Wojciech Zegarski, Rafał Czajkowski, Tomasz Drewa, Barbara Zegarska
The aim of this study was to determine the local and systemic effects of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) as a component of topical skin adhesive in an animal artificial wound closure model. In presented study the cosmetic effects, histological analysis, mechanical properties, and cell migration have been assessed to evaluate the usefulness of ADSCs as supporting factor for octyl blend cyanoacrylate adhesive. The total of 40 rats were used and divided into six groups. In the Study Group, ADSCs were administered by multipoint injection of the six surrounding intrawound areas with additional freely leaving procedure of the cells between the skin flaps just before applying adhesive to close the wound...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795757/-cutaneous-depigmentation-in-black-female-population-for-cosmetic-purposes-results-of-a-kap-survey-conducted-in-abidjan-ivory-coast
#12
Sarah Kourouma, Ildevert Patrice Gbery, Mamadou Kaloga, Elidjé Joseph Ecra, Abdoulaye Sangaré, Isidore Yao Kouassi, Komenan Kassi, Alexandre Kouamé Kouassi, Pauline Yao Yoboué
INTRODUCTION: Cutaneous depigmentation for cosmeticis purposes is a widespread practice among black African women. It has many complications that have been well documented for decades. However, the reasons of practitioners are not well known. The aim of our study was to understand the motivating reasons of these women in order to conduct a communication campaign for behavior change. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional KAP survey (Knowledge/Attitudes/Practices) at the Dermatology Department of the University Hospital of Treichville (Abidjan) Data were analyzed using Epi Info 3...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785771/pharmacoeconomic-considerations-in-treating-actinic-keratosis-an-update
#13
REVIEW
Spencer M Vale, Dane Hill, Steven R Feldman
Actinic keratosis is one of the most common dermatological diagnoses worldwide, especially among the elderly, fair-skinned, and immunocompromised, and is associated with a risk of transformation to skin cancer. With actinic keratosis and skin cancer prevalence increasing as the aged population expands in the US, optimizing treatment strategies may produce cost savings for the healthcare system. Since the time of our last review in 2008, investigation of the economic considerations in treating actinic keratosis has advanced...
October 27, 2016: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771432/fullerene-nanoparticle-in-dermatological-and-cosmetic-applications
#14
S Zeinab Mousavi, Shohreh Nafisi, Howard I Maibach
Nanoparticles are equipped with exceptional properties which make them well suitable for diverse and novel applications. Fullerene is one of the nanomaterials that has valuable applications in the field of biomedicine. It possesses exceptional antioxidant capacity which has made it a promising core ingredient in many dermatological and skin care products. However, fullerene has the potentials to display a range of activities resulting in cell death or dysfunction. This review outlines the achievements made so far by reporting studies that have focused on incorporating fullerene in skin care products and cosmetics and assessed their beneficial effects...
October 19, 2016: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768196/correction-of-age-related-midface-volume-loss-with-low-volume-hyaluronic-acid-filler
#15
Monique Vanaman Wilson, Sabrina Guillen Fabi, Ryan Greene
Importance: The pivotal approval trial for a smooth, highly cohesive, viscous, 20-mg/mL hyaluronic acid filler demonstrated sustained aesthetic improvement, with a mean injection volume of 6.65 mL. In daily practice, however, it is not often practical or necessary to use large injection volumes to achieve the desired cosmetic outcome. Objective: To assess the efficacy, longevity, and patient satisfaction associated with correction of age-related midface volume loss using the low volumes of hyaluronic acid filler more commonly used in day-to-day practice...
October 20, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761090/screening-for-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-a-dermatology-outpatient-setting-at-a-tertiary-care-centre
#16
Fibin Thanveer, Niti Khunger
CONTEXT: A distressing pre-occupation with an imagined or slight defect in appearance with a marked negative effect on the patient's life is the core symptom of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). AIM: To screen the patients attending a dermatology clinic at a tertiary care centre for BDD using the BDD-dermatology version (DV) questionnaire. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This cross-sectional study enrolled 245 consecutive patients from the dermatology outpatients clinic...
July 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756961/melasma-a-rare-adverse-effect-of-clomipramine
#17
Sujita Kumar Kar
Melasma is a hyperpigmented dermatological condition common in females. Drugs such as steroids, cosmetics, and photosensitizing agents are known to cause melasma. We report here a case of an adult male with obsessive-compulsive disorder, receiving clomipramine, who developed melasma.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749442/dermatologic-surgical-instruments-a-history-and-review
#18
Sumul A Gandhi, Jeremy T Kampp
BACKGROUND: Dermatologic surgery requires precision and accuracy given the delicate nature of procedures performed. The use of the most appropriate instrument for each action helps optimize both functionality and cosmetic outcome. OBJECTIVE: To review the history of surgical instruments used in dermatology, with a focus on mechanism and evolution to the instruments that are used in current practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted via textbook and journal research for historic references while review of current references was conducted online using multiple search engines and PubMed...
October 4, 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731355/quantification-and-characterization-of-uvb-induced-mitochondrial-fragmentation-in-normal-primary-human-keratinocytes
#19
Romain Jugé, Josselin Breugnot, Célia Da Silva, Sylvie Bordes, Brigitte Closs, Abdel Aouacheria
UV irradiation is a major environmental factor causing skin dryness, aging and cancer. UVB in particular triggers cumulative DNA damage, oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction. The objective of our study was to provide both qualitative and quantitative analysis of how mitochondria respond to UVB irradiation in normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEK) of healthy donors, with the rationale that monitoring mitochondrial shape will give an indication of cell population fitness and enable the screening of bioactive agents with UVB-protective properties...
October 12, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721398/synergistic-efficacy-of-salicylic-acid-with-a-penetration-enhancer-on-human-skin-monitored-by-oct-and-diffuse-reflectance-spectroscopy
#20
Qingliang Zhao, Cuixia Dai, Shanhui Fan, Jing Lv, Liming Nie
Salicylic acid (SA) has been frequently used as a facial chemical peeling agent (FCPA) in various cosmetics for facial rejuvenation and dermatological treatments in the clinic. However, there is a tradeoff between therapeutic effectiveness and possible adverse effects caused by this agent for cosmetologists. To optimize the cosmetic efficacy with minimal concentration, we proposed a chemical permeation enhancer (CPE) azone to synergistically work with SA on human skin in vivo. The optical properties of human skin after being treated with SA alone and SA combined with azone (SA@azone) were successively investigated by diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and optical coherence tomography (OCT)...
October 10, 2016: Scientific Reports
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