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Cosmetic dermatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319278/the-use-of-minoxidil-in-the-treatment-of-male-and-female-androgenetic-alopecia-a-story-of-more-than-30-years
#1
Mauro Barbareschi
Even if minoxidil has been known for over 30 years as "hair growth stimulator" the precise mechanism of its action is not completely elucitated. Minoxidil shortens telogen, accelerates telogen-exogen phase and causes the premature entry of resting hair follicles into anagen phase. Moreover, minoxidil increases hair follicle size. A large part of hair treatment scientific literature confirms the efficacy of topically applied minoxidil in humans. In particular, patients treated with minoxidil showed a significant increase in "non vellus" hair count starting from baseline...
February 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309340/role-of-nonsurgical-chin-augmentation-in-full-face-rejuvenation-a-review-and-our-experience
#2
Monique J Vanaman Wilson, Isabela T Jones, Kimberly Butterwick, Sabrina G Fabi
BACKGROUND: The chin is a critical component to the perception of facial attractiveness. Dermal fillers offer a nonsurgical, temporary method of correcting mild to moderate chin retrusion and resorption. Thus far, discussion of this procedure has been largely limited to the plastic surgery and otolaryngology literature. OBJECTIVE: To review pertinent aspects of anatomy, patient evaluation, injection technique, concomitant therapies, and complications in chin augmentation using injectable fillers...
January 5, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258169/botulinum-toxin-in-the-field-of-dermatology-novel-indications
#3
REVIEW
Yoon Seob Kim, Eun Sun Hong, Hei Sung Kim
Since its approval by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2002 for glabellar wrinkles, botulinum toxin (BTX) has been widely used to correct facial wrinkles. As a result, many consider BTX synonymous with cosmetic dermatology. Recent studies indicate that BTX elicits biological effects on various skin cell types via the modulation of neurotransmitter release, and it seems that BTX has a wider zone of dermatologic influence than originally understood. Clinicians and researchers are now beginning to explore the potential of BTX beyond the amelioration of facial lines and encouraging results are seen with BTX in a variety of skin conditions...
December 16, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243674/turmeric-a-condiment-cosmetic-and-cure
#4
REVIEW
Hima Gopinath, Kaliaperumal Karthikeyan
Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) is an integral part of Asian culture and cuisine. It has been used in traditional medicine since centuries. A myriad of health benefits have been attributed to it. Curcumin, the most biologically active curcuminoid in turmeric, is being investigated in pre-clinical and clinical trials for its role in disease prevention and cure. It has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antineoplastic, anti-proliferative and antimicrobial effects. We review the chemistry of this plant, its cultural relevance in Indian skin care, and its uses in dermatology...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200763/the-lateral-tarsal-strip-for-paralytic-ectropion-in-patients-with-leprosy
#5
Mihn-Sook Jue, Jisook Yoo, Min-Soo Kim, Hyang-Joon Park
Background: In patients with leprosy, paralysis of the facial nerve results in the lower eyelid ectropion and lagophthalmos as a sequela even when the leprosy is cured. Paralytic ectropion causes many functional and cosmetic eye problems, leading to blindness if left untreated. Objective: The purpose of this retrospective study is to evaluate the efficacy of surgical correction of paralytic ectropion, the lateral tarsal strip, in patients with leprosy. Methods: Between 2010 and 2015, 40 Korean patients (44 eyelids) with paralytic ectropion who had visited Korean Hansen Welfare Association Hospital were treated with the lateral tarsal strip...
December 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192135/encephalocraniocutaneous-lipomatosis-haberland-syndrome
#6
Selçuk Özdoğan, Ceyhun Saymaz, Cumhur Kaan Yaltırık, Hanife Gülden Düzkalır, Mustafa Kaya, Nail Demirel, Ali Haluk Düzkalır, Başar Sarıkaya, Berrin Aktekin
BACKGROUND Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL) was first announced as a new type of ectomesodermal dysgenesis in 1970 by Haberland and Perou. ECCL was first described in 1970, and approximately 60 cases have been reported since then. The classic triad of ECCL are skin, ocular, and central nervous system involvement, including conditions such as unilateral porencephalic cyst, ipsilateral lipomatous hamartoma of the scalp-eyelids-eye globe, cortical atrophy, cranial asymmetry, developmental delay, seizures, mental retardation, and spasticity of the contralateral limbs...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161888/multiple-physiological-benefits-of-bird-s-nest-fern-asplenium-australasicum-frond-extract-for-dermatological-applications
#7
Wen-Wen Zeng, Lih-Shiuh Lai
p-coumaric acid and fucose-rich polysaccharide have been studied for many bio-functions in skin including cutaneous protection from oxidative damage and antiageing, respectively, as well as wound healing. The physiological activities of various bird's nest fern extracts (BNFE), containing considerable fucose-rich mucilage and p-coumaric acid, on fibroblast and human skin were first investigated. BNFE with higher polysaccharide content generally contributed to a better moisture holding capability. Furthermore, BNFE showed pronouncedly enhancing effect on collagen production and growth of fibroblast (NIH-3T3), clinical trial results revealed that the emulsions with 1% BNFE showed good moisturising effect and improved the elasticity of human skins effectively...
November 22, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150154/cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinomas-scc-associated-with-cosmetic-skin-whitening-8-cases-reported-in-senegal
#8
F Ly, P Diousse, C Ndiaye, A Déme, B A Diatta, M T Ndiaye, M Diallo, A Diop, A D Kebe, F Fall, A Kane
BACKGROUND: The cosmetic use of bleaching products is common among women from sub-Saharan Africa. The most frequently used products are highly potent corticosteroids (clobetasol propionate) and hydroquinone. Herein, we report 8 cases of SCC in women using skin bleaching products for cosmetic purposes. Our aim is to describe the epidemiological, clinical and pathological aspects of the carcinomas observed during the course of skin lightening. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive multicentre study from August 2005 to January 2016 in three dermatology units in Senegal...
November 14, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141057/lasers-light-and-the-treatment-of-acne-a-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature
#9
Lana X Tong, Jeremy A Brauer
INTRODUCTION: Acne vulgaris is common dermatologic condition with an estimated prevalence of 70 to 87%. Acne has been shown to have a significant impact on patient quality of life and mental health, especially as inflammatory lesions typically occur on cosmetically sensitive areas with the potential for permanent scarring. There have been numerous advances in the treatment of inflammatory acne with light-based and laser devices. OBJECTIVE: To review the current evidence for light-based and laser treatments in the management of inflammatory acne...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136056/ideals-of-facial-beauty
#10
Peter W Hashim, John K Nia, Mark Taliercio, Gary Goldenberg
Facial aesthetic procedures are central to cosmetic dermatology. Success depends not only on improving individual structures but also on establishing facial harmony. Several canons of aesthetic dimensions have been described, and these concepts can provide a useful basis for procedural planning. Here, we review aesthetic facial measurements and proportions as well as the variations that may occur in different ethnic groups and the changes that develop with age.
October 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108551/cosmetic-dermatology-for-men
#11
EDITORIAL
Neil S Sadick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Dermatologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102368/-body-dysmorphic-disorder-future-prospects-of-medical-care
#12
E Siegfried, A Ayrolles, H Rahioui
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by excessive preoccupation with a slight or imagined defect in one's physical appearance, believing they look ugly, abnormal or deformed. While the most common preoccupations focus on the skin, hair and nose, any part of the body may be involved. Preoccupations are intrusive, time-consuming and hard to control. Repetitive behaviors are performed in response to the preoccupations. BDD is associated with marked impairment in socio-professional functioning, poor quality of life and high suicide rates...
November 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089638/a-quantitative-and-non-contact-technique-to-characterise-microstructural-variations-of-skin-tissues-during-photo-damaging-process-based-on-mueller-matrix-polarimetry
#13
Yang Dong, Honghui He, Wei Sheng, Jian Wu, Hui Ma
Skin tissue consists of collagen and elastic fibres, which are highly susceptible to damage when exposed to ultraviolet radiation (UVR), leading to skin aging and cancer. However, a lack of non-invasive detection methods makes determining the degree of UVR damage to skin in real time difficult. As one of the fundamental features of light, polarization can be used to develop imaging techniques capable of providing structural information about tissues. In particular, Mueller matrix polarimetry is suitable for detecting changes in collagen and elastic fibres...
October 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080856/formulation-and-evaluation-of-selected-transmucosal-dosage-forms-containing-a-double-fixed-dose-of-acyclovir-and-ketoconazole
#14
Joe M Viljoen, Danélia Botes, Jan H Steenekamp
Viral and fungal dermatological manifestations are often the first and only sign of HIV/AIDS. They are cosmetically disfiguring and threaten the quality of life, but can be treated by acyclovir and ketoconazole, correspondingly. This study attempted the formulation of stable, double fixed-dose acyclovir and ketoconazole novel transmucosal dosage forms, which are able to provide an efficient flux for both compounds. A cream, gel and lip balm formulation containing both drugs were formulated that can be applied to mucosal tissue...
November 1, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075869/-body-dysmorphic-disorder-diagnostics-and-treatment-in-cosmetic-dermatology
#15
REVIEW
T Lahousen, D Linder, T Gieler, U Gieler
People with a body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) suffer from excessive preoccupation and anxiety about an imagined or to others a negligible defect in their appearance. They cannot bear to look at themselves, feel ugly, are convinced that their nose, their physique and their skin are disfiguring. The more concerned they become about their appearance, the more their attention is drawn to the ostensible blemishes and reinforces the impression of their own unattractiveness. Those affected do not consider themselves to be ill, but are convinced that it is a real physical defect which forces them again and again to stand in front of the mirror...
October 26, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070025/daylight-photodynamic-therapy-versus-cryosurgery-for-the-treatment-and-prophylaxis-of-actinic-keratoses-of-the-face%C3%A2-%C3%A2-protocol-of-a-multicenter-prospective-randomized-controlled-two-armed-study
#16
E Kohl, M Koller, F Zeman, R-M Szeimies, W G Philipp-Dormston, W Prager, P A Gerber, S Karrer
BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy with daylight (DL-PDT) is efficacious in treating actinic keratosis (AK), but the efficacy of field-directed, repetitive DL-PDT for the treatment and prophylaxis of AK in photodamaged facial skin has not yet been investigated. METHODS/DESIGN: In this multicenter, prospective, randomized, controlled, two-armed, observer-blinded trial, patients with a minimum of 5 mild-to-moderate AK lesions on photodamaged facial skin are randomly allocated to two treatment groups: DL-PDT with methyl aminolevulinate (MAL) and cryosurgery...
October 25, 2017: BMC Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068598/the-sequence-of-lanugo-pattern-development-on-the-trunk-wall-in-human-fetuses
#17
Zygmunt Domagała, Paweł Dąbrowski, Wiesław Kurlej, Michał Porwolik, Sławomir Woźniak, Ryszard R Kacała, Bohdan Gworys
BACKGROUND: Due to a growing interest in developmental disorders, and in the long-term skin appendage diseases, both in the cosmetic industry and among specialists in dermatology (broadly defined), there is an increasing number of papers on hair development. The publications by the present team of authors are part of this trend. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to describe the topography and typology of skin pilosity patterns in human fetuses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 278 fetuses (141 male and 137 female) were qualified for the study...
September 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067709/sensitive-skin-in-korean-population-an-epidemiological-approach
#18
Y R Kim, H I Cheon, L Misery, C Taieb, Y W Lee
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Sensitive skin is characterized by uncomfortable sensations in response to multiple factors that do not normally have irritant properties. We used an epidemiological approach to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of sensitive skin in a Korean population, and compared the results with those of populations from other countries. METHODS: A representative nationwide sample of 1000 Koreans aged ≥15 years was selected. The methodology used in this study (questionnaires) was the same as that used in similar studies conducted in other countries...
October 25, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064988/signs-of-facial-aging-in-men-in-a-diverse-multinational-study-timing-and-preventive-behaviors
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Anthony M Rossi, Joseph Eviatar, Jeremy B Green, Robert Anolik, Michael Eidelman, Terrence C Keaney, Vic Narurkar, Derek Jones, Julia Kolodziejczyk, Adrienne Drinkwater, Conor J Gallagher
BACKGROUND: Men are a growing patient population in aesthetic medicine and are increasingly seeking minimally invasive cosmetic procedures. OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in the timing of facial aging and in the prevalence of preventive facial aging behaviors in men by race/ethnicity. METHODS: Men aged 18 to 75 years in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, and Australia rated their features using photonumeric rating scales for 10 facial aging characteristics...
November 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064982/lasers-and-energy-based-devices-in-men
#20
REVIEW
Milène K Crispin, George J Hruza, Suzanne L Kilmer
BACKGROUND: The demand for cosmetic treatments with lasers and energy-based devices has increased among men, but there is a dearth of literature that addresses the approach and treatment of cosmetic male patients. OBJECTIVE: To summarize common cosmetic concerns for which male patients seek cosmetic treatments and to provide sex-specific recommendations for the lasers and energy-based devices that can be used for treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors conducted a literature search using the PubMed/MEDLINE and Google Scholar databases using the search terms male, men, gender, and cosmetic dermatology...
November 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
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