Read by QxMD icon Read

Cosmetic dermatology

Blake P Sampson, Aaron M Secrest, Christopher B Hansen, Alan C Geller
BACKGROUND: The commercial tanning industry has opposed efforts to educate the public on the risks of tanning as well as attempts to restrict minors' access to tanning services. Despite a paucity of supporting literature, statements from the tanning industry claiming that dermatologists routinely use in-office phototherapy for cosmetic treatments and refer patients to tanning salons have successfully derailed and defeated legislation in many states. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate dermatologist referrals for ultraviolet radiation for cosmetic and medical purposes via tanning beds or phototherapy, as well as their opinions on tanning, legislation, and ultraviolet radiation counseling practices...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
Glynis Ablon
Within the field of dermatology, advances in the use of light emitting diodes (LEDs) have led to their clinical application for a variety of medical and cosmetic uses. Of note, one phototherapy device has demonstrated beneficial effects over a range of clinical applications (Omnilux™; GlobalMed Technologies, Glen Ellen, California). The study included a literature review of published studies. Using LEDs with frequencies of 415nm (blue), 633nm (red), and 830nm (infrared), this device has demonstrated significant results for the treatment of medical conditions, including mild-to-moderate acne vulgaris, wound healing, psoriasis, squamous cell carcinoma in situ (Bowen's disease), basal cell carcinoma, actinic keratosis, and cosmetic applications...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
Jennifer Gubitosa, Vito Rizzi, Angela Lopedota, Paola Fini, Anna Laurenzana, Gabriella Fibbi, Fiorenza Fanelli, Andrea Petrella, Valentino Laquintana, Nunzio Denora, Roberto Comparelli, Pinalysa Cosma
HYPOTHESIS: The interesting properties of Gold Nanoparticles (AuNPs) make them attractive for different application fields such as cosmetology, medicine and clinical nanotechnologies. In this work a fast, easy and eco-friendly method for the AuNPs synthesis is proposed by using the Punica Granatum Juice (PGJ) with potential dermatological and cosmetic applications. The AuNPs antioxidant activity, due to the presence of phenols from the juice, and their use as booster for improving the Sun Protection Factor (SPF) in commercial sunscreen formulations, are thus expounded...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Jin-Kyoung Yang, Eunjin Lee, In-Jun Hwang, DaBin Yim, Juhee Han, Yoon-Sik Lee, Jong-Ho Kim
The regulation of tyrosinase activity and reactive oxygen species is of great importance for the prevention of dermatological disorders in the fields of medicine and cosmetics. Herein, we report a strategy based on solid-phase peptide chemistry for the synthesis of β-lactoglobulin peptide fragment/caffeic acid (CA) conjugates (CA-Peps) with dual activities of tyrosinase inhibition and antioxidation. The purity of the prepared conjugates, CA-MHIR, CA-HIRL, and CA-HIR significantly increased to 99%, as acetonide-protected CA was employed in solid-phase coupling reactions on Rink amide resins...
March 13, 2018: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Sucharita Boddu, Peter W Hashim, John K Nia, Rebecca Horowitz, Aaron Farberg, Gary Goldenberg
Stem cell therapies are at the forefront of regenerative aesthetic medicine. Multipotent stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), progenitor cells that result from the dedifferentiation of specialized adult cells, have demonstrated promise in tissue regeneration for a wide range of dermatologic conditions and aesthetic applications. Herein, we review the potential of stem cells as a new frontier in aesthetic dermatology.
January 2018: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
Mónika Bakonyi, Attila Gácsi, Anita Kovács, Mária-Budai Szűcs, Szilvia Berkó, Erzsébet Csányi
The application of local anesthetics, usually administered by subcutaneous injection, is common in the course of diagnostic, therapeutic, and cosmetic dermatology procedures. The effective dermal delivery of lidocaine could offer a solution to many adverse effects caused by needle insertion, such as pain, local reactions or toxicity, and additionally, it avoids the disruption of anatomical landmarks. Therefore, novel dermal formulations of local anesthetics are needed to overcome the barrier function of the skin and provide sufficient and prolonged anesthesia...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Pablo Serrano-Castañeda, Jose Juan Escobar-Chavez, Isabel Marlen Rodriguez-Cruz, Luz Maria Melgoza, Jessica Martinez-Hernandez
The microneedles technology has found applications in many health-related fields. For example, their application in drugs and vaccines delivery as well, as the determination of biomarkers, has been reported. They also have a place in the dermatology and cosmetic areas such as the treatment of wounds from burns, scars, acne, depigmentation, and alopecia will be shown. Microneedles are used in therapeutic applications and are manufactured using materials such as metal (steel, titanium, nickel), polymer (oly-glycolic acid (PGA), poly-lactide-co-glycolide acid (PLGA), poly-L-lactic acid (PLA), chitosan), glass, silicon, ceramic, carbohydrates (trehalose, sucrose, mannitol)...
2018: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
E Forbat, F R Ali, F Al-Niaimi
Whilst the use of isotretinoin has revolutionized the treatment of acne vulgaris, isotretinoin is increasingly recognized as a useful therapeutic option for many other cutaneous conditions. We review the evidence underlying the use of isotretinoin for a variety of dermatological indications including hidradenitis suppurativa, sebaceous gland pathology, rosacea, scarring alopecia, cosmetic dermatology and non-melanoma skin cancer prophylaxis amongst other uses, and thus consider alternative uses within dermatology practice...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
Motoki Nakamura, Thomas Haarmann-Stemmann, Jean Krutmann, Akimichi Morita
Increasing ethical concerns regarding animal experimentation have led to the development of various alternative methods based on the 3Rs (Refinement, Reduction, and Replacement), first described by Russell and Burch in 1959. Cosmetic and skin aging research are particularly susceptible to concerns related to animal testing. In addition to animal welfare reasons, there are scientific and economic reasons to reduce and avoid animal experiments. Importantly, animal experiments may not reflect findings in humans mainly because of the differences of architectures and immune responses between animal skin and human skin...
February 25, 2018: Experimental Dermatology
Talayesa Buntinx-Krieg, Joseph Caravaglio, Renee Domozych, Robert P Dellavalle
Platforms of social media, including the website Reddit, have become increasingly popular sites for users to communicate medical information. A study investigating dermatology content on Reddit has not been performed in the current literature. The purpose of this study is to enumerate the dermatology subreddits, quantify subscribers, and characterize posts to estimate the presence of dermatology-related content on Reddit. A Reddit search of the fourteen most common skin diseases globally was performed. Additionally, the terms "dermatology", and "skin" were searched in order to identify more subreddits relevant to the field...
July 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
Peter K Boothman, Cameron Chesnut
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Duygu Gulmez Sevim, Ayse Ozturk Oner, Metin Unlu, Galip Ertugrul Mirza
A 25-year-old woman underwent diode laser application on the both upper eyelids in the dermatology department of a private hospital to obtain a cosmetic healing of the reddish look on her eyelids without any protective lenses. The patient experienced severe uveitis, atonic pupils, raised intraocular pressure, and increased sensitivity to light in her eyes on the following day of the procedure. Topical steroids and pressure-lowering agents were able to treat the acute uveitis and glaucoma, unfortunately the patient suffered from irreversible atonic and atrophic pupils and photosensitivity...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Caitlin N Suire, Sarah Nainar, Michael Fazio, Adam G Kreutzer, Tara Paymozd-Yazdi, Caitlyn L Topper, Caroline R Thompson, Malcolm A Leissring
Insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE) is an atypical zinc-metalloendopeptidase that hydrolyzes insulin and other intermediate-sized peptide hormones, many of which are implicated in skin health and wound healing. Pharmacological inhibitors of IDE administered internally have been shown to slow the breakdown of insulin and thereby potentiate insulin action. Given the importance of insulin and other IDE substrates for a variety of dermatological processes, pharmacological inhibitors of IDE suitable for topical applications would be expected to hold significant therapeutic and cosmetic potential...
2018: PloS One
Kenichiro Kasai
Background and aims: The selective removal of tattoos and benign cutaneous pigmented lesions with laser energy evolved rapidly with the development of the nanosecond-domain Q-switched laser (ns-laser). Recently, however, a series of picosecond-domain lasers (ps-lasers) with pulsewidths less than 1 ns has become commercially available, enabling more efficient and faster removal of pigmented lesions in the field of dermatologic laser surgery. Rationale behind the ps-laser: The efficacy of the ns-laser depended on the theory of selective photothermolysis, whereby an extremely short pulse width was delivered less than the thermal relaxation time (TRT) of a target...
December 31, 2017: Laser Therapy
Scott Plensdorf, Maria Livieratos, Nabil Dada
Pigmentation disorders are commonly diagnosed, evaluated, and treated in primary care practices. Typical hyperpigmentation disorders include postinflammatory hyperpigmentation, melasma, solar lentigines, ephelides (freckles), and café au lait macules. These conditions are generally benign but can be distressing to patients. Appropriate dermatologic history, skin examination, and skin biopsy, when appropriate, can help exclude melanoma and its precursors. In addition to addressing the underlying condition, hyperpigmentation is treated with topical agents, chemical peels, cryotherapy, light or laser therapy, or a combination of these methods...
December 15, 2017: American Family Physician
W J Song, X M Yan
Intense pulsed light (IPL) is a broad spectrum incoherent light which is produced by high-output xenon lamp. Since the invention of the first-generation IPL in 1994, IPL technology has been developing rapidly and extensively utilized in multiple fields relevant to dermatology across the world. In 2004, the fourth-generation IPL system was introduced with the optimal pulse technology (OPT) and has soon been used for cosmetic purposes all over the world. In 2002, Dr. Toyos found that the meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) and dye eye disease (DED)symptoms of the rosacea patients who received IPL treatment have been improving significantly, therefore he started to explore the application of IPL system to treatment of dry eye disease...
February 11, 2018: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Alexandra Seamens, Elizabeth Nieman, Kristen Losavio, Bridget Bradley, Kate Nelson, Kuang-Ho Chen, Suephy Chen, Jack Arbiser, Leslie P Lawley
BACKGROUND: Infantile hemangiomas (IH) with functional or cosmetic concerns necessitate systemictreatment for which propranolol is the preferred treatment. However, the mechanism ofaction is unknown. Mouse models suggest the angiopoietin-2 (Ang2)/Tie-2 system isimplicated. Ang2 can promote endothelial growth or induce apoptosis depending on thepresence of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). This pilot study investigates thesaliva Ang2 levels in infants with IH treated with and without systemic propranolol...
February 10, 2018: Experimental Dermatology
Janna Frombach, Anna Sonnenburg, Björn-Dirk Krapohl, Torsten Zuberbier, Matthias Peiser, Ralf Stahlmann, Maximilian Schreiner
Allergic contact dermatitis is a widespread health disorder and occupational skin disease. Hence, screening for contact-sensitizing chemicals is highly relevant to toxicology, dermatology, and occupational medicine. The use of animal tests for this purpose is constrained by ethical considerations, need for high-throughput screening, and legislation (e.g., for cosmetics in the European Union). T cell activation is the final and most specific key event of the "adverse outcome pathway" for skin sensitization and therefore a promising target for the development of in vitro sensitization assays...
January 30, 2018: Archives of Toxicology
Brigitte Dréno, Vincenzo Bettoli, Elena Araviiskaia, Miguel Sanchez Viera, Anne Bouloc
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is one of the main reasons for dermatological consultations. Severity and response to treatment may be impacted by various external factors or exposome. AIM: to assess the impact of environmental factors on acne and to provide a comprehensive overview of the acne exposome. METHODS: two consensus meetings of five European dermatologists and a comprehensive literature search on exposome factors triggering acne served as a basis for this review...
January 29, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Meng-Chien Hsieh, Yi-Chia Wu, Shu-Hung Huang, Yur-Ren Kuo, Su-Shin Lee
Nd:YAG laser has been used extensively for its versatility in treating many common aesthetic problems, but numerous adverse effects are often complained by recipients of Nd:YAG laser. This study introduces the ANT1 soybean extract cream, which was formulated to alleviate adverse effects after laser therapy. This study explores whether ANT1 enhances the repair mechanism of the postlaser skin, decreases laser-induced complication, and shortens recovery time. The study also aims to pinpoint the ANT1 concentration that is most effective in improving the skin condition after Nd-YAG laser therapy...
January 25, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"