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Cosmetic dermatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095561/self-resolving-eruptive-keratoacanthomas-after-full-field-erbium-laser-resurfacing
#1
Eileen L Axibal, Julia D Kreger, Michael E Contreras, Joel L Cohen
Keratoacanthoma (KA) is a subtype of squamous cell carcinoma whose development has been linked to excessive sun exposure, immunosuppression, and trauma. Given the rapidly expanding therapeutic armamentarium for anti-aging modalities in dermatology, reports of KA secondary to invasive cosmetic procedures are on the rise. We present a case of eruptive KAs after full- eld ablative Erbium:YAG 2940 nm laser resurfacing of the face that resolved with minimal intervention. This case demonstrates the potential for a rare yet signi cant laser complication that may warrant discussion during the consenting process...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095535/a-systematic-review-of-paradoxical-adipose-hyperplasia-pah-post-cryolipolysis
#2
Derek Ho, Jared Jagdeo
BACKGROUND: Body sculpting, or body contouring, is among the fastest growing areas in cosmetic dermatology. Cryolipolysis, or "fat freezing," was FDA-cleared (CoolSculpting System, ZELTIQ Aesthetics, Pleasanton, CA) initially in 2010 for fat removal of the anks, and subsequently received FDA-clearance for other anatomical locations. Over the past several years, there have been increasing published reports and physician discussion regarding paradoxical adipose hyperplasia (PAH) post-cryolipolysis, previously identified as a "rare" adverse effect...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090508/laser-applications-in-surgery
#3
REVIEW
Beina Azadgoli, Regina Y Baker
In modern medicine, lasers are increasingly utilized for treatment of a variety of pathologies as interest in less invasive treatment modalities intensifies. The physics behind lasers allows the same basic principles to be applied to a multitude of tissue types using slight modifications of the system. Multiple laser systems have been studied within each field of medicine. The term "laser" was combined with "surgery," "ablation," "lithotripsy," "cancer treatment," "tumor ablation," "dermatology," "skin rejuvenation," "lipolysis," "cardiology," "atrial fibrillation (AF)," and "epilepsy" during separate searches in the PubMed database...
December 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088691/stability-effect-of-cholesterol-poly-acrylic-acid-in-a-stimuli-responsive-polymer-liposome-complex-obtained-from-soybean-lecithin-for-controlled-drug-delivery
#4
M G Simões, P Alves, Manuela Carvalheiro, P N Simões
The development of polymer-liposome complexes (PLCs), in particular for biomedical applications, has grown significantly in the last decades. The importance of these studies comes from the emerging need in finding intelligent controlled release systems, more predictable, effective and selective, for applications in several areas, such as treatment and/or diagnosis of cancer, neurological, dermatological, ophthalmic and orthopedic diseases, gene therapy, cosmetic treatments, and food engineering. This work reports the development and characterization of a pH sensitive system for controlled release based on PLCs...
January 4, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073339/dermal-safety-assessment-of-arm-hammer-laundry-products-formulated-for-sensitive-skin
#5
Douglas M Frederick, Linda Vorwerk, Archana Gupta, Annahita Ghassemi
CONTEXT: The prevalence of sensitive skin among the general population in industrialized countries is reported to be over 50%. Sensitive skin subjects often report significant reactions to contact with cosmetics, soaps and other consumer products. OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the overall skin compatibility and mildness program for a newly developed, lightly fragranced, colorant free laundry product (i.e. Arm & Hammer™ Sensitive Skin plus Skin-Friendly Fresh Scent), specially formulated for individuals with sensitive skin...
January 11, 2017: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060172/applications-of-burow-s-grafts-in-the-reconstruction-of-mohs-micrographic-surgery-defects
#6
Anastasia Benoit, Brian C Leach, Joel Cook
BACKGROUND: Surgical defects in anatomically challenging locations, such as near free margins or crossing cosmetic subunits, may present reconstructive challenges to the dermatologic surgeon. For selected defects, Burow's grafts may produce functional and aesthetic results in a single operative session. OBJECTIVE: To describe the applications of the Burow's graft technique for the repair of defects after Mohs micrographic surgery. METHODS: An institutional review board-approved retrospective database review of surgical defects repaired with Burow's grafting after Mohs micrographic surgery at the Medical University of South Carolina was performed...
December 29, 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054954/plant-growth-biostimulants-dietary-feed-supplements-and-cosmetics-formulated-with-supercritical-co%C3%A2-algal-extracts
#7
REVIEW
Izabela Michalak, Katarzyna Chojnacka, Agnieszka Saeid
The review paper presents the use of algal extracts as safe and solvent-free components of plant growth biostimulants, dietary feed additives and cosmetics. Innovative technology that uses extracts obtained by supercritical CO₂ extraction, as a method of isolation of biologically active compounds from algal biomass, is presented. An important part of the complete technology is the final formulation of the product. This enabled realization of the further step which was assessment of the utilitarian properties of the extract-based products...
January 3, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052374/use-of-nicotinamide-in-dermatology
#8
REVIEW
E Forbat, F Al-Niaimi, F R Ali
Nicotinamide (niacinamide) is the water-soluble, amide form of vitamin B3. We review the evidence underlying the use of nicotinamide for various dermatological indications, including nonmelanoma cancer prophylaxis, blistering disorders, acne vulgaris and cosmetic indications, and speculate upon its future role in dermatological practice.
January 4, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040809/renewal-in-cosmetic-dermatology
#9
Suzan Obagi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034807/increased-permeability-of-reconstructed-human-epidermis-from-uvb-irradiated-keratinocytes
#10
Lilian Julia Löwenau, Christian Zoschke, Robert Brodwolf, Pierre Volz, Christian Hausmann, Suvara Wattanapitayakul, Alexander Boreham, Ulrike Alexiev, Monika Schäfer-Korting
Extrinsic (photo) aging accelerates chronologically aging in the skin due to cumulative UV irradiation. Despite recent insights into the molecular mechanisms of fibroblast aging, age-related changes of the skin barrier function have been understudied. In contrast, the constantly increasing subpopulation of aged patients causes a clinical need for effective and safe (dermatological) treatment. Herein, we reconstructed human epidermis from UVB-irradiated keratinocytes (UVB-RHE). UVB-irradiated keratinocytes show higher activity of senescence associated β-galactosidase, less cell proliferation, and reduced viability...
December 27, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032337/the-epidemic-of-methylisothiazolinone-a-european-prospective-study
#11
Jakob F Schwensen, Wolfgang Uter, Magnus Bruze, Cecilia Svedman, An Goossens, Mark Wilkinson, Ana Giménez Arnau, Margarida Gonçalo, Klaus E Andersen, Evy Paulsen, Tove Agner, Caterina Foti, Kristiina Aalto-Korte, John McFadden, Ian White, Jeanne D Johansen
BACKGROUND: The use of methylisothiazolinone (MI) in cosmetic products has caused an unprecedented epidemic of MI contact allergy. Current data concerning exposures at a European level are required. OBJECTIVES: To describe demographics and MI exposures for European patients with MI contact allergy. METHODS: Eleven European dermatology departments from eight European countries prospectively collected data between 1 May and 31 October 2015 among consecutive patients who had positive patch test reactions to MI (2000 ppm aq...
December 28, 2016: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018771/skincare-bootcamp-the-evolving-role-of-skincare
#12
Katie Rodan, Kathy Fields, George Majewski, Timothy Falla
BACKGROUND: Although cosmetic procedures have a significant impact on certain aspects of aging, such as deep, wrinkling, sagging, and volume loss, they fail to address the overall quality of the skin. METHODS: Daily skincare routines potentially can have a significant long-term impact on the overall quality of a person's complexion. RESULTS: By expanding our product knowledge, we can help our patients individualize their at-home skincare routine using effective products and ingredients designed to address their specific skin concern and support the professional care we deliver...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009316/-efficacy-of-combined-use-of-antioxidative-and-phototherapy-in-the-treatment-of-vitiligo
#13
N I Tsiskarishvili, A Katsitadze, N V Tsiskarishvili, Ts Tsiskarishvili, L Chitanava
Despite of numerous investigations, carried out practically in all countries of the world for the study of vitiligo and the search for its new effective therapies, pathogenic mechanisms of vitiligo are still poorly understood, and the proposed treatments are not perfect. One of the most accepted theories of the pathogenesis of vitiligo is an oxidative stress theory, according to which a series of biochemical anomalies cause oxidative stress, leading to accumulation of melanocytotoxic substances and inhibition of natural processes of detoxification with subsequent destruction of melanocytes in vitiligo focus...
November 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004257/literature-review-of-cosmetic-procedures-in-men-approaches-and-techniques-are-gender-specific
#14
REVIEW
Brandon E Cohen, Sameer Bashey, Ashley Wysong
The proportion of men receiving non-surgical cosmetic procedures has risen substantially in recent years. Various physiologic, anatomic, and motivational considerations differentiate the treatments for male and female patients. Nevertheless, research regarding approaches to the male cosmetic patient is scarce. We sought to provide an overview and sex-specific discussion of the most popular cosmetic dermatologic procedures pursued by men by conducting a comprehensive literature review pertaining to non-surgical cosmetic procedures in male patients...
December 21, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935010/australian-dermatologists-perspective-on-skin-of-colour-results-of-a-national-survey
#15
Michelle A Rodrigues, Angelique L Ross, Steven Gilmore, Benjamin S Daniel
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study documents the perspectives of Australian dermatologists on the adequacy of teaching and training in skin of colour (SOC), and their confidence in diagnosing and treating common medical, surgical and cosmetic issues in SOC and to gauge their desire for further training in this area. METHODS: Surveys were distributed to Australasian Dermatologists during their annual scientific meeting in Melbourne, Australia in 2014. Completed surveys from dermatologists nationwide were collected and evaluated...
December 9, 2016: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931952/chemical-peeling-a-useful-tool-in-the-office
#16
M Truchuelo, P Cerdá, L F Fernández
Chemical peeling is a common treatment in cosmetic dermatology. A peel that has been used for many years is trichloroacetic acid. Its adverse effects have for a long time been a major limitation. We present a practical review of the characteristics, mechanisms of action, indications, and complications of superficial chemical peels and of peeling with trichloroacetic acid.
December 5, 2016: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918007/cosmetic-approach-to-the-asian-population
#17
Karin Eshagh, Cameron K Rokhsar
The types of cosmetic procedures favored by Asian individuals are unique and tailored to their anatomical differences. Thus, a customized approach is taken for different cosmetic procedures, ranging from neurotoxins and fillers to nonablative fractional resurfacing. The purpose of this review article is to identify the different types of cosmetic procedures commonly sought by Asian individuals and to understand how these different procedures are customized toward their aesthetic preferences. This review integrates the findings from multiple clinical trials available on PubMed...
December 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896835/contact-sensitization-to-limonene-and-linalool-hydroperoxides-in-spain-a-geidac-prospective-study
#18
Gustavo Deza, Begoña García-Bravo, Juan F Silvestre, Maria A Pastor-Nieto, Ricardo González-Pérez, Felipe Heras-Mendaza, Pedro Mercader, Virginia Fernández-Redondo, Bo Niklasson, Ana M Giménez-Arnau
BACKGROUND: Limonene and linalool are common fragrance terpenes widely used in cosmetic, household and hygiene products. Their primary oxidation products formed after air exposure, the hydroperoxides, have been recognized as important contact haptens. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of contact allergy to hydroperoxides of limonene (Lim-OOHs) and hydroperoxides of linalool (Lin-OOHs) in Spain, and to define the optimal concentration for screening in consecutive patients...
February 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879084/topical-preparations-and-their-use-in-dermatology
#19
Johannes Wohlrab
The challenges of everyday clinical routine require dermatologists to have a basic knowledge of the composition of topical preparations as well as the regulatory background associated with their prescription. Proper selection, prescription, and application of topical preparations, depending on the respective indication, are key to professional and responsible medical practice. Problems commonly arise with respect to regulatory classifications (medicinal products, medical devices, or cosmetics), eligibility for reimbursement by the statutory health insurances (GKV), and insufficient declaration of vehicle systems...
November 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874885/patient-reported-outcomes-of-azelaic-acid-foam-15-for-patients-with-papulopustular-rosacea-secondary-efficacy-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-double-blind-phase-3-trial
#20
Stephen Tyring, James A Solomon, Gerald Staedtler, Jason P Lott, Richard Nkulikiyinka, Kaweh Shakery
Patient-reported treatment outcomes are important for evaluating the impact of drug therapies on patient experience. A randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled, parallel-group, multicenter, phase 3 study was conducted in 961 participants to assess patient perception of efficacy, utility, and effect on quality of life (QOL) of an azelaic acid (AzA) 15% foam formulation for the treatment of papulopustular rosacea (PPR). Secondary end points included patient-reported global assessment of treatment response, global assessment of tolerability, and opinion on cosmetic acceptability and practicability of product use...
October 2016: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
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