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Cosmetic dermatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141057/lasers-light-and-the-treatment-of-acne-a-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature
#1
Lana X Tong, Jeremy A Brauer
INTRODUCTION: Acne vulgaris is common dermatologic condition with an estimated prevalence of 70 to 87%. Acne has been shown to have a significant impact on patient quality of life and mental health, especially as inflammatory lesions typically occur on cosmetically sensitive areas with the potential for permanent scarring. There have been numerous advances in the treatment of inflammatory acne with light-based and laser devices. OBJECTIVE: To review the current evidence for light-based and laser treatments in the management of inflammatory acne...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136056/ideals-of-facial-beauty
#2
Peter W Hashim, John K Nia, Mark Taliercio, Gary Goldenberg
Facial aesthetic procedures are central to cosmetic dermatology. Success depends not only on improving individual structures but also on establishing facial harmony. Several canons of aesthetic dimensions have been described, and these concepts can provide a useful basis for procedural planning. Here, we review aesthetic facial measurements and proportions as well as the variations that may occur in different ethnic groups and the changes that develop with age.
October 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108551/cosmetic-dermatology-for-men
#3
EDITORIAL
Neil S Sadick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Dermatologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102368/-body-dysmorphic-disorder-future-prospects-of-medical-care
#4
E Siegfried, A Ayrolles, H Rahioui
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by excessive preoccupation with a slight or imagined defect in one's physical appearance, believing they look ugly, abnormal or deformed. While the most common preoccupations focus on the skin, hair and nose, any part of the body may be involved. Preoccupations are intrusive, time-consuming and hard to control. Repetitive behaviors are performed in response to the preoccupations. BDD is associated with marked impairment in socio-professional functioning, poor quality of life and high suicide rates...
November 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089638/a-quantitative-and-non-contact-technique-to-characterise-microstructural-variations-of-skin-tissues-during-photo-damaging-process-based-on-mueller-matrix-polarimetry
#5
Yang Dong, Honghui He, Wei Sheng, Jian Wu, Hui Ma
Skin tissue consists of collagen and elastic fibres, which are highly susceptible to damage when exposed to ultraviolet radiation (UVR), leading to skin aging and cancer. However, a lack of non-invasive detection methods makes determining the degree of UVR damage to skin in real time difficult. As one of the fundamental features of light, polarization can be used to develop imaging techniques capable of providing structural information about tissues. In particular, Mueller matrix polarimetry is suitable for detecting changes in collagen and elastic fibres...
October 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080856/formulation-and-evaluation-of-selected-transmucosal-dosage-forms-containing-a-double-fixed-dose-of-acyclovir-and-ketoconazole
#6
Joe M Viljoen, Danélia Botes, Jan H Steenekamp
Viral and fungal dermatological manifestations are often the first and only sign of HIV/AIDS. They are cosmetically disfiguring and threaten the quality of life, but can be treated by acyclovir and ketoconazole, correspondingly. This study attempted the formulation of stable, double fixed-dose acyclovir and ketoconazole novel transmucosal dosage forms, which are able to provide an efficient flux for both compounds. A cream, gel and lip balm formulation containing both drugs were formulated that can be applied to mucosal tissue...
November 1, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075869/-body-dysmorphic-disorder-diagnostics-and-treatment-in-cosmetic-dermatology
#7
REVIEW
T Lahousen, D Linder, T Gieler, U Gieler
People with a body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) suffer from excessive preoccupation and anxiety about an imagined or to others a negligible defect in their appearance. They cannot bear to look at themselves, feel ugly, are convinced that their nose, their physique and their skin are disfiguring. The more concerned they become about their appearance, the more their attention is drawn to the ostensible blemishes and reinforces the impression of their own unattractiveness. Those affected do not consider themselves to be ill, but are convinced that it is a real physical defect which forces them again and again to stand in front of the mirror...
October 26, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070025/daylight-photodynamic-therapy-versus-cryosurgery-for-the-treatment-and-prophylaxis-of-actinic-keratoses-of-the-face%C3%A2-%C3%A2-protocol-of-a-multicenter-prospective-randomized-controlled-two-armed-study
#8
E Kohl, M Koller, F Zeman, R-M Szeimies, W G Philipp-Dormston, W Prager, P A Gerber, S Karrer
BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy with daylight (DL-PDT) is efficacious in treating actinic keratosis (AK), but the efficacy of field-directed, repetitive DL-PDT for the treatment and prophylaxis of AK in photodamaged facial skin has not yet been investigated. METHODS/DESIGN: In this multicenter, prospective, randomized, controlled, two-armed, observer-blinded trial, patients with a minimum of 5 mild-to-moderate AK lesions on photodamaged facial skin are randomly allocated to two treatment groups: DL-PDT with methyl aminolevulinate (MAL) and cryosurgery...
October 25, 2017: BMC Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068598/the-sequence-of-lanugo-pattern-development-on-the-trunk-wall-in-human-fetuses
#9
Zygmunt Domagała, Paweł Dąbrowski, Wiesław Kurlej, Michał Porwolik, Sławomir Woźniak, Ryszard R Kacała, Bohdan Gworys
BACKGROUND: Due to a growing interest in developmental disorders, and in the long-term skin appendage diseases, both in the cosmetic industry and among specialists in dermatology (broadly defined), there is an increasing number of papers on hair development. The publications by the present team of authors are part of this trend. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to describe the topography and typology of skin pilosity patterns in human fetuses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 278 fetuses (141 male and 137 female) were qualified for the study...
September 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067709/sensitive-skin-in-korean-population-an-epidemiological-approach
#10
Y R Kim, H I Cheon, L Misery, C Taieb, Y W Lee
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Sensitive skin is characterized by uncomfortable sensations in response to multiple factors that do not normally have irritant properties. We used an epidemiological approach to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of sensitive skin in a Korean population, and compared the results with those of populations from other countries. METHODS: A representative nationwide sample of 1000 Koreans aged ≥15 years was selected. The methodology used in this study (questionnaires) was the same as that used in similar studies conducted in other countries...
October 25, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064988/signs-of-facial-aging-in-men-in-a-diverse-multinational-study-timing-and-preventive-behaviors
#11
MULTICENTER STUDY
Anthony M Rossi, Joseph Eviatar, Jeremy B Green, Robert Anolik, Michael Eidelman, Terrence C Keaney, Vic Narurkar, Derek Jones, Julia Kolodziejczyk, Adrienne Drinkwater, Conor J Gallagher
BACKGROUND: Men are a growing patient population in aesthetic medicine and are increasingly seeking minimally invasive cosmetic procedures. OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in the timing of facial aging and in the prevalence of preventive facial aging behaviors in men by race/ethnicity. METHODS: Men aged 18 to 75 years in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, and Australia rated their features using photonumeric rating scales for 10 facial aging characteristics...
November 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064982/lasers-and-energy-based-devices-in-men
#12
REVIEW
Milène K Crispin, George J Hruza, Suzanne L Kilmer
BACKGROUND: The demand for cosmetic treatments with lasers and energy-based devices has increased among men, but there is a dearth of literature that addresses the approach and treatment of cosmetic male patients. OBJECTIVE: To summarize common cosmetic concerns for which male patients seek cosmetic treatments and to provide sex-specific recommendations for the lasers and energy-based devices that can be used for treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors conducted a literature search using the PubMed/MEDLINE and Google Scholar databases using the search terms male, men, gender, and cosmetic dermatology...
November 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057502/validation-of-digital-photographic-reference-scales-for-evaluating-facial-aging-signs
#13
Randa Jdid, Julie Latreille, Frédérique Soppelsa, Erwin Tschachler, Frédérique Morizot
BACKGROUND: Validated tools are essential to evaluate facial skin aging for both dermatological and cosmetic investigations. While many visual aging scales have been developed, few have been validated and none in terms of degree of distinguishability (DD). We developed and validated a series of visual scales using a novel digital interface for scoring facial skin aging in Caucasian women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three dermatologists independently established scales for 12 distinct aging signs from high-definition facial photographs of 400 adult women (Fitzpatrick phototypes I-IV) taken under standardized conditions...
October 22, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057483/the-promise-of-marine-molecules-as-cosmetic-active-ingredients
#14
REVIEW
E G Brunt, J G Burgess
The marine environment represents an underexploited resource for the discovery of novel products, despite its high level of biological and chemical diversity. With increasing awareness of the harmful effects of chronic ultraviolet exposure, and a universal desire to improve cosmetic appearance, the market for new cosmetic ingredients is growing, and current trends have generated a greater demand for products sourced from the environment. A growing number of novel molecules from marine flora and fauna exhibit potent and effective dermatological activities...
October 23, 2017: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049429/correlation-of-handheld-reflectance-confocal-microscopy-with-radial-video-mosaicing-for-margin-mapping-of-lentigo-maligna-and-lentigo-maligna-melanoma
#15
Oriol Yélamos, Miguel Cordova, Nina Blank, Kivanc Kose, Stephen W Dusza, Erica Lee, Milind Rajadhyaksha, Kishwer S Nehal, Anthony M Rossi
Importance: The management of lentigo maligna (LM) and LM melanoma (LMM) is challenging because of extensive subclinical spread and its occurrence on cosmetically sensitive areas. Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) improves diagnostic accuracy for LM and LMM and can be used to delineate their margins. Objectives: To evaluate whether handheld RCM with radial video mosaicing (HRCM-RV) offers accurate presurgical assessment of LM and LMM margins. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective study included consecutive patients with biopsy-proven LM and LMM located on the head and neck area who sought consultation for surgical management from March 1, 2016, through March 31, 2017, at the Dermatology Service of the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center...
October 11, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030376/disfiguring-facial-pyoderma-vegetans-with-an-excellent-outcome
#16
James Keitley, Liezel Griffin, Luisa Motta, Janice Ferguson, Helen Young
We describe a case of disfiguring facial pyoderma vegetans in order to highlight the challenges in managing this rare skin condition and review the literature.A 54-year-old woman presented to dermatology clinic with a 3-month history of a left-sided facial lesion, which had been treated as an infected sebaceous cyst. The lesion had dramatically increased in size in the weeks prior to presentation. There was a history of Crohn's disease and ileal adenocarcinoma, both of which were in remission. A clinical diagnosis of pyoderma vegetans was made and the patient responded well to immunosuppressive therapy with oral ciclosporin...
October 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026366/trigeminal-trophic-syndrome-associated-with-the-use-of-synthetic-marijuana
#17
Fawad A Khan, Rinu Manacheril, Robin Ulep, Julie E Martin, Anil Chimakurthy
BACKGROUND: Trigeminal trophic syndrome (TTS) is an uncommon disorder of the trigeminal nerve tract and trigeminal brainstem nucleus. The syndrome is characterized by a triad of unilateral crescentic ulcers with anesthesia and paresthesias of the involved trigeminal dermatomes. CASE REPORT: A 24-year-old right-handed black female presented to our emergency department with a 4-week history of rapidly progressive painless desquamation/denudation of skin over her right face and scalp...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023082/be-vigilant-for-skin-manifestations-of-inherited-cancer-syndromes
#18
Alice SM Tidman
More than 200 hereditary cancer susceptibility syndromes have been described, and it is thought that they account for 5-10% of all cancers. Many have dermatological manifestations (usually lesions, occasionally rashes) which frequently precede other systemic pathology. Dermatological signs are usually non-specific and often trivial in appearance, making their significance easy to overlook and a clinical diagnosis challenging. Histological examination is often required to differentiate lesions. They are usually benign and pathologically unrelated to the primary tumours, with the exception of the atypical moles of the dysplastic naevus syndrome, and may present simply as a cosmetic problem for the patient...
January 2017: Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969253/patch-test-results-from-an-occupational-and-contact-dermatitis-clinic-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-southern-india-a-retrospective-study
#19
Kumaravel Sadagopan, Deepa Kalappan, Nirmala Sivaprakasam, Vinoth
INTRODUCTION: Occupational contact dermatitis, accounting for 95% of cases of occupational dermatoses, is the most common occupational skin disease. AIM: To find out the various allergens in different occupational and environmental settings causing contact allergy, from our patients presented with contact dermatitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a retrospective study from the data in hospital outpatient register over one year period, which includes patients with age ranging from 11 years to 73 years...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960450/pterygium-inversum-unguis-secondary-to%C3%A2-gel-polish
#20
J Cervantes, M Sanchez, A E Eber, M Perper, A Tosti
BACKGROUND: Pterygium inversum unguis (PIU) is characterized by the abnormal adherence of the hyponychium to the ventral surface of the nail plate. It can be both unsightly and painful, resulting in morbidity for patients. Gel polish is a popular nail cosmetic that has been reported to cause several complications. PIU may be another adverse outcome. OBJECTIVE: To highlight a newly-recognized adverse effect of a popular beauty technique. METHODS: This retrospective and prospective case series reports 17 women who developed PIU after gel polish use...
September 28, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
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