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Cosmetic dermatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425626/non-cosmetic-dermatological-use-of-botulinum-neurotoxin
#1
Katlein França, David Castillo, Torello Lotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Dermatologic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403263/microneedling-in-all-skin-types-a-review
#2
Lauren Meshkov Bonati, Gorana Kuka Epstein, Tamara Lazic Strugar
<p>INTRODUCTION: Microneedling procedures are growing in popularity for a wide variety of skin conditions. This paper comprehensively reviews the medical literature regarding skin needling efficacy and safety in all skin types and in multiple dermatologic conditions.</p> <p>METHODS: A PubMed literature search was conducted in all languages without restriction and bibliographies of relevant articles reviewed. Search terms included: "microneedling," "percutaneous collagen induction," "needling," "skin needling," and "dermaroller...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397684/-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#3
Mustafa Bashir M Jawad, Magnus Sjögren
Body dysmorphic disorder is defined by a preoccupation of one or more non-existent or slight defects or flaws in the physical appearance. The prevalence is 1.7-2.4% in the general population with a higher incidence rate in women. The rate of suicidal ideation is as high as 80%, and up to 25% of the patients attempt to commit suicide. Comorbidities, such as obsessive compulsive disorder, depression, and anxiety, are frequent. These patients may seek cosmetic or dermatologic rather than psychological treatment...
February 6, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397660/-dermatologic-laser-surgery
#4
Lene Hedelund, Berit C Carlsen, Hans Bredsted Lomholt, Susanne Vissing, Merete Hædersdal
In this article we give an overview of which skin conditions that are currently treated with laser and explains the basic principles of treatment. In addition, we summarize recommendations of the Danish Dermatological Society for demarcation of medical treatments which can be provided free of charge from cosmetic self-payment treatments.
February 20, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392645/knowledge-and-behavior-regarding-cosmetics-in-koreans-visiting-dermatology-clinics
#5
Soyun Cho, Sohee Oh, Nack In Kim, Young Suck Ro, Joung Soo Kim, Young Min Park, Chun Wook Park, Weon Ju Lee, Dong Kun Kim, Dong Won Lee, Sang Jun Lee
BACKGROUND: Cosmetics can affect the skin condition profoundly, and yet no survey has been performed in Koreans visiting dermatology clinics. OBJECTIVE: To assess knowledge and consumer behavior regarding cosmetics in Koreans visiting dermatology clinics. METHODS: A questionnaire consisting of 43 questions concerning demographics and use/knowledge/selection/purchase of cosmetics was given to patients and accompanying persons who visited dermatologic clinics in university and private clinic settings...
April 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384669/dermatologic-features-of-classic-movie-villains-the-face-of-evil
#6
Julie Amthor Croley, Vail Reese, Richard F Wagner
Importance: Dichotomous dermatologic depictions of heroes and villains in movies have been used since the silent film age. Objective: To evaluate the hero-villain skin dichotomy in film by (1) identifying dermatologic findings of the all-time top 10 American film villains, (2) comparing these dermatologic findings to the all-time top 10 American film heroes quantitatively and qualitatively, and (3) analyzing dermatologic portrayals of film villains in depth. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this cross-sectional study, dermatologic findings for film heroes and villains in mainstream media were identified and compared quantitatively using a χ2 test with α < ...
April 5, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377030/the-role-of-wide-local-excision-for-the-treatment-of-severe-hidradenitis-suppurativa-hurley-grade-iii-retrospective-analysis-of-74-patients
#7
Christian Posch, Babak Monshi, Tamara Quint, Igor Vujic, Nikolaus Lilgenau, Klemens Rappersberger
BACKGROUND: Effective medical treatment for patients with severe hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is limited. OBJECTIVES: We sought to measure the impact of wide local excision on quality of life in HS Hurley grade III patients and to examine the rate of postoperative complications, disease recurrences, and satisfaction with the cosmetic results. METHODS: Seventy-four patients were enrolled. Outcome measures included Dermatology Life Quality Index responses, disease duration, recurrence, previous therapies, postoperative complications, and satisfaction with cosmetic results...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356116/occupational-exposures-and-determinants-of-ultrafine-particle-concentrations-during-laser-hair-removal-procedures
#8
Emily J Eshleman, Mallory LeBlanc, Lisa B Rokoff, Yinyin Xu, Rui Hu, Kachiu Lee, Gary S Chuang, Gary Adamkiewicz, Jaime E Hart
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposures to ultrafine particles in the plume generated during laser hair removal procedures, the most commonly performed light based cosmetic procedure, have not been thoroughly characterized. Acute and chronic exposures to ambient ultrafine particles have been associated with a number of negative respiratory and cardiovascular health effects. Thus, the aim of this study was to measure airborne concentrations of particles in a diameter size range of 10 nm to 1 μm in procedure rooms during laser hair removal procedures...
March 29, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329583/dermatologic-care-of-the-transgender-patient
#9
Timothy Hermosura Almazan, Filamer D Kabigting
Literature is limited regarding the medical and cosmetic dermatologic issues pertinent to transgender patients and the reasons why 19 transgender individuals seek care from dermatologists. Clinical management of this population has historically been limited to 20 mental health providers, endocrinologists, and select surgeons with expertise in sex reassignment surgery. The impact of hormonal 21 therapy on transgender skin has been well documented in endocrinology journals, but is underrepresented in dermatology 22 literature...
October 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325400/the-blind-patient-and-the-cosmetic-dermatology-consultation-who-defines-beauty
#10
Sailesh Konda, Puja Kathrotiya, Jane M Grant-Kels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303596/the-phototoxic-potential-of-the-flavonoids-taxifolin-and-quercetin
#11
Alena Rajnochová Svobodová, Alena Ryšavá, Michaela Psotová, Pavel Kosina, Bohumil Zálešák, Jitka Ulrichová, Jitka Vostálová
Quercetin, one of the most abundant polyphenols in the plant kingdom has been shown to be photodegraded on exposure to UV light. Despite the fact, it is a component of several dermatological preparations. Its phototoxic potential has not been evaluated to date. The aim of this study was to assess whether photo-induced degradation of quercetin is linked to phototoxic effects on living cells. Its dihydro derivative, taxifolin, was included in the study. For evaluation, the 3T3 Neutral Red Uptake Phototoxicity Test according to OECD TG 432 was used...
March 16, 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301622/expert-consensus-on-cosmetic-outcomes-after-treatment-of-actinic-keratosis
#12
Brian Berman, Glynis R Ablon, Neal D Bhatia, Roger I Ceilley, David J Goldberg, Mark S Nestor, Susan H Weinkle
<p>Dermatologists treat actinic keratosis (AK) primarily because these lesions have the potential to progress to invasive squamous cell carcinoma. Patients, on the other hand, generally seek treatment to remove the lesions and achieve an improved appearance of their skin following treatment. In selecting a treatment option for AK, dermatologists should consider post-treatment cosmesis, because cosmetic outcomes differ across AK treatments. To obtain expert opinion on the cosmetic sequelae related to chronically photodamaged skin and the treatment of AK, an expert panel meeting among dermatologists was conducted in February 2016...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301365/preserving-the-legitimacy-of-board-certification
#13
Michael S Hanemann, Holly C Wall, John A Dean
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this discussion were to inform the medical community about the American Board of Cosmetic Surgery's ongoing attempts in Louisiana to achieve equivalency to American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) member boards so that its diplomates may use the term "board certified" in advertising and to ensure public safety by upholding the standards for medical board certification. BACKGROUND: In 2011, Louisiana passed a truth in medical advertising law, which was intended to protect the public by prohibiting the use of the term "board certified" by improperly credentialed physicians...
March 16, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300445/botanicals-with-dermatologic-properties-derived-from-first-nations-healing
#14
Sophia Colantonio, Jason K Rivers
INTRODUCTION: First Nations people have a long history of working with medicinal plants used to treat skin diseases. The purpose was to assess the dermatologic therapeutic potential of western red cedar, white spruce, birch, balsam poplar, and black spruce. METHODS: Based on expert recommendations, 5 trees were selected that were used in First Nations medicine for cutaneous healing and have potential and/or current application to dermatology today. We searched several databases up to June 12, 2014...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274365/eleventh-world-congress-of-the-international-academy-of-cosmetic-dermatology-panama-city-panama-june-23-25-2016
#15
Vesna Petronic-Rosic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272086/effectiveness-and-safety-of-surgical-excision-in-the-treatment-of-digital-mucoid-cysts
#16
Galina Balakirski, Christoph Loeser, Jens M Baron, Edgar Dippel, Laurenz Schmitt
BACKGROUND: Digital mucoid cysts have a tendency for recurrence after operative intervention. Several procedures are in use. OBJECTIVE: Retrospective evaluation for effectiveness, safety and patient satisfaction by using a questionnaire after treatment for digital mucoid cysts with targeted surgical excision and closure by flap-design. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients treated with surgical excision for digital mucoid cysts at the Dermatology Department of the Ludwigshafen City Hospital between 2007 and 2011 were evaluated using a specially designed questionnaire...
March 7, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253633/fatty-acids-penetration-into-human-skin-ex-vivo-a-tof-sims-analysis-approach
#17
Vytis Čižinauskas, Nicolas Elie, Alain Brunelle, Vitalis Briedis
Linoleic, oleic, palmitoleic, palmitic, and stearic fatty acids (FAs) are commonly used in dermatological formulations. They differ by their structure, presence in the skin, and mode of application in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics compounding. These FAs are also known as chemical penetration enhancers, but their mechanisms of penetration enhancement and effect on barrier characteristics of the skin require additional study. In this study, the authors conducted an ex vivo analysis of the distribution of lipid components in the epidermis and dermis of human skin after applying individual FAs...
March 2, 2017: Biointerphases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220373/body-dysmorphic-disorder-history-and-curiosities
#18
Katlein França, Maria Grazia Roccia, David Castillo, Mana ALHarbi, Georgi Tchernev, Anastasia Chokoeva, Torello Lotti, Massimo Fioranelli
Body dysmorphic disorder is a chronic psychiatric disorder characterized by excessive preoccupation with an absent or minimal physical deformity. It causes severe distress and impairs normal functioning. In the last centuries, this disorder has been mentioned in the medical literature by important mental health practitioners by different names, such as "dysmorphophobia" or "dermatologic hypochondriasis". However, not until the last century was it included among the obsessive-compulsive disorders, although its classification has changed over time...
February 20, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216888/effect-of-absolute-from-hibiscus-syriacus-l-flower-on-wound-healing-in-keratinocytes
#19
Seok Won Yoon, Kang Pa Lee, Do-Yoon Kim, Dae Il Hwang, Kyung-Jong Won, Dae Won Lee, Hwan Myung Lee
BACKGROUND: Proliferation and migration of keratinocytes are essential for the repair of cutaneous wounds. Hibiscus syriacus L. has been used in Asian medicine; however, research on keratinocytes is inadequate. OBJECTIVE: To establish the dermatological properties of absolute from Hibiscus syriacus L. flower (HSF) and to provide fundamental research for alternative medicine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified the composition of HSF absolute using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213845/topical-formulation-containing-beeswax-based-nanoparticles-improved-in-vivo-skin-barrier-function
#20
Carla Souza, Luis Alexandre Pedro de Freitas, Patrícia Maria Berardo Gonçalves Maia Campos
Lipid nanoparticles have shown many advantages for treatment/prevention of skin disorders with damaged skin barrier function. Beeswax is a favorable candidate for the development of nanosystems in the cosmetic and dermatological fields because of its advantages for the development of products for topical application. In the present study, beeswax-based nanoparticles (BNs) were prepared using the hot melt microemulsion technique and incorporated to a gel-cream formulation. The formulation was subsequently evaluated for its rheological stability and effect on stratum corneum water content (SCWC) and transepidermal water loss (TEWL) using in vivo biophysical techniques...
February 17, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
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