keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nuclear lamin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299614/lamin-a-c-cardiomyopathies-current-understanding-and-novel-treatment-strategies
#1
REVIEW
Xi Wang, Allyson Zabell, Wonshill Koh, W H Wilson Tang
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is the third leading cause of heart failure in the USA. A major gene associated with DCM with cardiac conduction system disease is lamin A/C (LMNA) gene. Lamins are type V filaments that serve a variety of roles, including nuclear structure support, DNA repair, cell signaling pathway mediation, and chromatin organization. In 1999, LMNA was found responsible for Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) and, since then, has been found in association with a wide spectrum of diseases termed laminopathies, including LMNA cardiomyopathy...
March 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283545/macroh2a-histone-variants-maintain-nuclear-organization-and-heterochromatin-architecture
#2
Julien Douet, David Corujo, Roberto Malinverni, Justine Renauld, Viola Sansoni, Melanija Posavec Marjanović, Neus Cantari'o, Vanesa Valero, Fabien Mongelard, Philippe Bouvet, Axel Imhof, Marc Thiry, Marcus Buschbeck
Genetic loss-of-function studies in development, cancer and somatic cell reprogramming have suggested that the group of macroH2A histone variants might function through stabilizing the differentiated state by a yet unknown mechanism. Here, we present results demonstrating that macroH2A variants have a major function in maintaining nuclear organization and heterochromatin architecture. Specifically, we find that a substantial amount of macroH2A is associated with heterochromatic repeat sequences. We further identify macroH2A on sites of interstitial heterochromatin decorated by H3K9me3...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255090/regulatory-crosstalk-determines-the-cellular-levels-of-53bp1-a-critical-factor-in-dna-repair
#3
Franklin Mayca Pozo, Jinshan Tang, Kristen W Bonk, Ruth A Keri, Xinsheng Yao, Youwei Zhang
DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) severely disrupt DNA integrity. 53BP1 plays critical roles in determining DSB repair. While the recruitment of 53BP1 to the DSB site is key for its function, recent evidence suggests that 53BP1's abundance also plays an important role in DSB repair because recruitment to damage sites will be influenced by protein availability. Initial evidence has pointed to three proteins - the ubiquitin conjugating enzyme UbcH7, the cysteine protease cathepsin L (CTSL), and the nuclear structure protein lamin A/C - that may impact 53BP1 levels, but the roles of each protein and any interplay between them were unclear...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251054/surface-curvature-differentially-regulates-stem-cell-migration-and-differentiation-via-altered-attachment-morphology-and-nuclear-deformation
#4
Maike Werner, Sébastien B G Blanquer, Suvi P Haimi, Gabriela Korus, John W C Dunlop, Georg N Duda, Dirk W Grijpma, Ansgar Petersen
Signals from the microenvironment around a cell are known to influence cell behavior. Material properties, such as biochemical composition and substrate stiffness, are today accepted as significant regulators of stem cell fate. The knowledge of how cell behavior is influenced by 3D geometric cues is, however, strongly limited despite its potential relevance for the understanding of tissue regenerative processes and the design of biomaterials. Here, the role of surface curvature on the migratory and differentiation behavior of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) has been investigated on 3D surfaces with well-defined geometric features produced by stereolithography...
February 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246125/zmpste24-defends-against-influenza-and-other-pathogenic-viruses
#5
Bishi Fu, Lingyan Wang, Shitao Li, Martin E Dorf
Zinc metallopeptidase STE24 (ZMPSTE24) is a transmembrane metalloprotease whose catalytic activity is critical for processing lamin A on the inner nuclear membrane and clearing clogged translocons on the endoplasmic reticulum. We now report ZMPSTE24 is a virus-specific effector that restricts enveloped RNA and DNA viruses, including influenza A, Zika, Ebola, Sindbis, vesicular stomatitis, cowpox, and vaccinia, but not murine leukemia or adenovirus. ZMPSTE24-mediated antiviral action is independent of protease activity...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241138/the-molecular-architecture-of-lamins-in-somatic-cells
#6
Yagmur Turgay, Matthias Eibauer, Anne E Goldman, Takeshi Shimi, Maayan Khayat, Kfir Ben-Harush, Anna Dubrovsky-Gaupp, K Tanuj Sapra, Robert D Goldman, Ohad Medalia
The nuclear lamina is a fundamental constituent of metazoan nuclei. It is composed mainly of lamins, which are intermediate filament proteins that assemble into a filamentous meshwork, bridging the nuclear envelope and chromatin. Besides providing structural stability to the nucleus, the lamina is involved in many nuclear activities, including chromatin organization, transcription and replication. However, the structural organization of the nuclear lamina is poorly understood. Here we use cryo-electron tomography to obtain a detailed view of the organization of the lamin meshwork within the lamina...
March 1, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237702/lamin-a-overexpression-promotes-osteoblast-differentiation-and-calcification-in-the-mc3t3-e1-preosteoblastic-cell-line
#7
Naoya Tsukune, Masako Naito, Kubota Tatsuya, Ozawa Yasumasa, Nagao Mayu, Ohashi Akiko, Sato Shuichi, Takahashi Tomihisa
Lamin A/C is a component of the nuclear lamina, which is involved in cellular proliferation and differentiation. However, the mechanism by which lamin A regulates osteoblast differentiation is not well understood. In this study, we investigated lamin A/C expression during osteoblast differentiation in a preosteoblastic cell line, MC3T3-E1. Real-time PCR analysis showed that lamin A/C mRNA expression was upregulated during BMP-2 induced osteoblast differentiation. Treatment with the estrogen receptor antagonist, fulvestrant, inhibited osteoblast differentiation and the upregulation of lamin A/C mRNA and protein expressions in the presence of BMP-2...
February 22, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229933/nuclear-lamins-and-progerin-are-dispensable-for-antioxidant-nrf2-response-to-arsenic-and-cadmium
#8
Kazunori Hashimoto, Rima Majumdar, Yoshiaki Tsuji
Lamins are important constituents of the nuclear inner membrane and provide a platform for transcription factors and chromatin. Progerin, a C-terminal truncated lamin A mutant, causes premature aging termed Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS). Oxidative stress appears to be involved in the pathogenesis of HGPS, although the mechanistic role of progerin remains elusive. Here we examined whether nuclear lamins are important for a cellular antioxidant mechanism, and whether progerin compromises it. We investigated the activation of nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) which regulates various antioxidant genes including heme oxygenase-1 (HMOX1), following exposure to sodium arsenite or cadmium chloride in lamin knockdown human cell lines and primary HGPS human fibroblasts...
February 14, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214269/immunohistochemistry-on-a-panel-of-emery-dreifuss-muscular-dystrophy-samples-reveals-nuclear-envelope-proteins-as-inconsistent-markers-for-pathology
#9
Phu Le Thanh, Peter Meinke, Nadia Korfali, Vlastimil Srsen, Michael I Robson, Manfred Wehnert, Benedikt Schoser, Caroline A Sewry, Eric C Schirmer
Reports of aberrant distribution for some nuclear envelope proteins in cells expressing a few Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy mutations raised the possibility that such protein redistribution could underlie pathology and/or be diagnostic. However, this disorder is linked to 8 different genes encoding nuclear envelope proteins, raising the question of whether a particular protein is most relevant. Therefore, myoblast/fibroblast cultures from biopsy and tissue sections from a panel of nine Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy patients (4 male, 5 female) including those carrying emerin and FHL1 (X-linked) and several lamin A (autosomal dominant) mutations were stained for the proteins linked to the disorder...
December 21, 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168519/pcna-is-recruited-to-irradiated-chromatin-in-late-s-phase-and-is-most-pronounced-in-g2-phase-of-the-cell-cycle
#10
Eva Bártová, Jana Suchánková, Soňa Legartová, Barbora Malyšková, Matúš Hornáček, Magdalena Skalníková, Martin Mašata, Ivan Raška, Stanislav Kozubek
DNA repair is a complex process that prevents genomic instability. Many proteins play fundamental roles in regulating the optimal repair of DNA lesions. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) is a key factor that initiates recombination-associated DNA synthesis after injury. Here, in very early S-phase, we show that the fluorescence intensity of mCherry-tagged PCNA after local micro-irradiation was less than the fluorescence intensity of non-irradiated mCherry-PCNA-positive replication foci. However, PCNA protein accumulated at locally irradiated chromatin in very late S-phase of the cell cycle, and this effect was more pronounced in the following G2 phase...
January 20, 2017: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167501/comprehensive-characterization-of-neutrophil-genome-topology
#11
Yina Zhu, Ke Gong, Matthew Denholtz, Vivek Chandra, Mark P Kamps, Frank Alber, Cornelis Murre
Neutrophils are responsible for the first line of defense against invading pathogens. Their nuclei are uniquely structured as multiple lobes that establish a highly constrained nuclear environment. Here we found that neutrophil differentiation was not associated with large-scale changes in the number and sizes of topologically associating domains (TADs). However, neutrophil genomes were enriched for long-range genomic interactions that spanned multiple TADs. Population-based simulation of spherical and toroid genomes revealed declining radii of gyration for neutrophil chromosomes...
January 15, 2017: Genes & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157724/orchestration-of-late-events-in-erythropoiesis-by-klf1-eklf
#12
Merlin Nithya Gnanapragasam, James J Bieker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Transcriptional regulators provide the molecular and biochemical basis for the cell specific properties and characteristics that follow from their central role in establishing tissue-restricted expression. Precise and sequential control of terminal cell divisions, nuclear condensation, and enucleation are defining characteristics within erythropoietic differentiation. This review is focused on KLF1, a central global regulator of this process. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies in the past year have brought a number of proteins that are targets of KLF1 regulation into focus with respect to their roles in terminal erythroid differentiation...
February 2, 2017: Current Opinion in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155164/detection-of-endogenous-nuclear-proteins-in-plant-cells-localizing-nuclear-matrix-constituent-proteins-nmcps-the-plant-analogs-of-lamins
#13
Malgorzata Ciska, Susana Moreno Díaz de la Espina
At present, two complementary approaches are used for in situ protein visualization in plant nuclei. Imaging of transformed fluorescent proteins is the election tool for the analysis of protein movement and interaction. However, this methodology presents several drawbacks for the identification/localization of endogenous nuclear factors, such as over-expression or mislocalization of transformed proteins. In contrast, immunocytochemistry with specific antibodies represents a powerful tool for the localization of endogenous nuclear proteins at their "native" nuclear sub-compartments...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148597/the-nucleoskeleton
#14
REVIEW
Stephen A Adam
SUMMARYThe nucleoskeleton is an important structural feature of the metazoan nucleus and is involved in the regulation of genome expression and maintenance. The nuclear lamins are intermediate filament proteins that form a peripheral nucleoskeleton in concert with other lamin-associated proteins. Several other proteins normally found in the cytoskeleton have also been identified in the nucleus, but, as will be discussed here, their roles in forming a nucleoskeleton have not been elucidated. Nevertheless, mutations in lamins and lamin-associated proteins cause a spectrum of diseases, making them interesting targets for future research...
February 1, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145526/zp3-is-required-for-germinal-vesicle-breakdown-in-mouse-oocyte-meiosis
#15
Lei-Lei Gao, Chun-Xiang Zhou, Xiao-Lan Zhang, Peng Liu, Zhen Jin, Gang-Yi Zhu, Yang Ma, Jing Li, Zhi-Xia Yang, Dong Zhang
ZP3 is a principal component of the zona pellucida (ZP) of mammalian oocytes and is essential for normal fertility, and knockout of ZP3 causes complete infertility. ZP3 promotes fertilization by recognizing sperm binding and activating the acrosome reaction; however, additional cellular roles for ZP3 in mammalian oocytes have not been yet reported. In the current study, we found that ZP3 was strongly expressed in the nucleus during prophase and gradually translocated to the ZP. Knockdown of ZP3 by a specific siRNA dramatically inhibited germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) (marking the beginning of meiosis), significantly reducing the percentage of MII oocytes...
February 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144580/-meniscal-scar-as-a-landmark-for-the-joint-line-in-revision-total-knee-replacement
#16
Wasim Sardar Khan, Jagmeet Bhamra, Rhodri Williams, Rhidian Morgan-Jones
AIM: To determine whether tissue identified at the joint line was actually remnant "meniscal" scar tissue or not. METHODS: Nine patients undergoing revision knee surgery following informed consent had meniscal scar tissue sent to the histology department for analyses. All revisions were performed where joint line had been raised or lowered at earlier surgery. Although preoperative radiographic evaluations suggested that the joint line had been altered, intraoperatively there was scar tissue at the level of the recreated joint line...
January 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137286/chrom3d-three-dimensional-genome-modeling-from-hi-c-and-nuclear-lamin-genome-contacts
#17
Jonas Paulsen, Monika Sekelja, Anja R Oldenburg, Alice Barateau, Nolwenn Briand, Erwan Delbarre, Akshay Shah, Anita L Sørensen, Corinne Vigouroux, Brigitte Buendia, Philippe Collas
Current three-dimensional (3D) genome modeling platforms are limited by their inability to account for radial placement of loci in the nucleus. We present Chrom3D, a user-friendly whole-genome 3D computational modeling framework that simulates positions of topologically-associated domains (TADs) relative to each other and to the nuclear periphery. Chrom3D integrates chromosome conformation capture (Hi-C) and lamin-associated domain (LAD) datasets to generate structure ensembles that recapitulate radial distributions of TADs detected in single cells...
January 30, 2017: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134781/implications-for-diverse-functions-of-the-linc-complexes-based-on-the-structure
#18
REVIEW
Miki Hieda
The linker of nucleoskeleton and cytoskeleton (LINC) complex is composed of the outer and inner nuclear membrane protein families Klarsicht, Anc-1, and Syne homology (KASH), and Sad1 and UNC-84 (SUN) homology domain proteins. Increasing evidence has pointed to diverse functions of the LINC complex, such as in nuclear migration, nuclear integrity, chromosome movement and pairing during meiosis, and mechanotransduction to the genome. In metazoan cells, the nuclear envelope possesses the nuclear lamina, which is a thin meshwork of intermediate filaments known as A-type and B-type lamins and lamin binding proteins...
January 26, 2017: Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125586/a-novel-lamin-a-mutant-responsible-for-congenital-muscular-dystrophy-causes-distinct-abnormalities-of-the-cell-nucleus
#19
Alice Barateau, Nathalie Vadrot, Patrick Vicart, Ana Ferreiro, Michèle Mayer, Delphine Héron, Corinne Vigouroux, Brigitte Buendia
A-type lamins, the intermediate filament proteins participating in nuclear structure and function, are encoded by LMNA. LMNA mutations can lead to laminopathies such as lipodystrophies, premature aging syndromes (progeria) and muscular dystrophies. Here, we identified a novel heterozygous LMNA p.R388P de novo mutation in a patient with a non-previously described severe phenotype comprising congenital muscular dystrophy (L-CMD) and lipodystrophy. In culture, the patient's skin fibroblasts entered prematurely into senescence, and some nuclei showed a lamina honeycomb pattern...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125396/current-insights-into-lmna-cardiomyopathies-existing-models-and-missing-lincs
#20
Daniel Brayson, Catherine M Shanahan
The nuclear lamina is a critical structural domain for the maintenance of genomic stability and whole-cell mechanics. Mutations in the LMNA gene, which encodes nuclear A-type lamins lead to the disruption of these key cellular functions, resulting in a number of devastating diseases known as laminopathies. Cardiomyopathy is a common laminopathy and is highly penetrant with poor prognosis. To date, cell mechanical instability and dysregulation of gene expression have been proposed as the main mechanisms driving cardiac dysfunction, and indeed discoveries in these areas have provided some promising leads in terms of therapeutics...
January 2, 2017: Nucleus
keyword
keyword
38866
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"