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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227889/nursing-and-midwifery-students-stress-and-coping-during-their-undergraduate-education-programmes-an-integrative-review
#1
REVIEW
Bridie McCarthy, Anna Trace, Moira O'Donovan, Caroline Brady-Nevin, Margaret Murphy, Maria O'Shea, Patricia O'Regan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review is to examine the literature related to the sources of stress, coping mechanisms and interventions to support undergraduate nursing and midwifery students to cope with stress during their undergraduate education. DESIGN: Integrative literature review. DATA SOURCES: The databases CINAHL, PubMed and PsycINFO were searched for articles published between 2010 and 2016. Search terms in various combinations were used for example; student nurse, student midwife, undergraduate, stress, coping and interventions...
November 28, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224921/effects-of-acrylamide-on-oxidant-antioxidant-parameters-and-cyp2e1-expression-in-rat-pancreatic-endocrine-cells
#2
Jelena Marković, Milena Stošić, Danijela Kojić, Milica Matavulj
Oxidative stress is one of the principle mechanism of acrylamide-induced toxicity. Acrylamide is metabolized by cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) to glycidamide or by direct conjugation with glutathione. Bearing in mind that up to now the effects of acrylamide on oxidative stress status and CYP2E1 level in endocrine pancreas have not been studied we performed qualitative and quantitative immunohistochemical evaluation of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1), superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2), catalase (CAT) and CYP2E1 expression in islets of Langerhans of rats subchronically treated with 25 or 50mg/kg bw of acrylamide...
December 7, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220782/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-chronic-pain-evidence-and-applications
#3
REVIEW
Muhammad Hassan Majeed, Ali Ahsan Ali, Donna M Sudak
Chronic pain is estimated to occur in from 5.5% to 33% of the world's adult population (Gureje et al., 1998). Chronic pain is frequently treated with opiates, which has produced an opiate addiction crisis (Dowell et al., 2016). Several non-pharmacological treatment alternatives can help manage chronic pain. There is moderate evidence that mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) such as meditation, yoga, and stress reduction lower the perception of pain, increase mobility, improve functioning and well-being. By integrating MBIs and other therapeutic interventions in a multi-disciplinary pain management plan, clinicians can improve treatment outcomes and potentially decrease pain-related medication utilization...
December 5, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220541/yoga-for-stroke-rehabilitation
#4
REVIEW
Maggie Lawrence, Francisco T Celestino Junior, Hemilianna Hs Matozinho, Lindsay Govan, Jo Booth, Jane Beecher
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major health issue and cause of long-term disability and has a major emotional and socioeconomic impact. There is a need to explore options for long-term sustainable interventions that support stroke survivors to engage in meaningful activities to address life challenges after stroke. Rehabilitation focuses on recovery of function and cognition to the maximum level achievable, and may include a wide range of complementary strategies including yoga.Yoga is a mind-body practice that originated in India, and which has become increasingly widespread in the Western world...
December 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218049/immunoglobulins-g-from-sera-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-patients-induce-oxidative-stress-and-upregulation-of-antioxidative-system-in-bv-2-microglial-cell-line
#5
Milena Milošević, Katarina Milićević, Iva Božić, Irena Lavrnja, Ivana Stevanović, Dunja Bijelić, Marija Dubaić, Irena Živković, Zorica Stević, Rashid Giniatullin, Pavle Andjus
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disorder with a very fast progression, no diagnostic tool for the presymptomatic phase, and still no effective treatment of the disease. Although ALS affects motor neurons, the overall pathophysiological condition points out to the non-cell autonomous mechanisms, where astrocytes and microglia play crucial roles in the disease progression. We have already shown that IgG from sera of ALS patients (ALS IgG) induce calcium transients and an increase in the mobility of acidic vesicles in cultured rat astrocytes...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212643/designing-a-resilience-program-for-critical-care-nurses
#6
Meredith Mealer, Rachel Hodapp, David Conrad, Sona Dimidjian, Barbara O Rothbaum, Marc Moss
BACKGROUND: Workplace stress can affect job satisfaction, increase staff turnover and hospital costs, and reduce quality of patient care. Highly resilient nurses adapt to stress and use a variety of skills to cope effectively. OBJECTIVE: To gain data on a mindfulness-based cognitive therapy resilience intervention for intensive care unit nurses to see if the intervention program would be feasible and acceptable. METHODS: Focus-group interviews were conducted by videoconference with critical care nurses who were members of the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses...
2017: AACN Advanced Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211754/testing-the-mindfulness-to-meaning-theory-evidence-for-mindful-positive-emotion-regulation-from-a-reanalysis-of-longitudinal-data
#7
Eric L Garland, Adam W Hanley, Phillipe R Goldin, James J Gross
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The Mindfulness to Meaning Theory (MMT) provides a detailed process model of mindful positive emotion regulation. DESIGN: We conducted a post-hoc reanalysis of longitudinal data (N = 107) derived from a RCT of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) versus cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for social anxiety disorder to model the core constructs of the MMT (attentional control, decentering, broadened awareness, reappraisal, and positive affect) in a multivariate path analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211230/psychic-and-moral-exhaustion-in-primary-care-workers
#8
Priscilla Brandão Bacci Pegoraro, Rafaela Schaefer, Elma Lourdes Campos Pavone Zoboli
OBJECTIVE To report the experience of developing a workshop proposal to assist local managers with the identification, management and prevention of primary care workers' psychic and moral exhaustion. METHOD The workshop was developed through a literature review performed between November 2014 and June 2015. The temporal cut considered studies of the ten previous years. The selection included studies describing collective interventions for situations generating psychic and moral exhaustion, preferably in primary care services...
2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210872/new-nursing-faculty-and-incivility-applying-mindfulness-based-strategies
#9
Cheryl Green
Workplace incivility remains a problem within the nursing profession. As nurse leaders, we must recognize and not ignore the complexity of cultures that have adapted incivility into the work environment. Nursing education is a discipline that requires collaborative team work, independent drive, and commitment. New nursing faculty experiencing incivility can use mindfulness-based meditation approaches to cope with uncivil behaviors experienced within the workplace. Nurse educators applying the concepts of mindfulness can learn how to provide themselves self-care by reducing stress, as enhanced daily awareness of peace and calm are incorporated into their lifestyle...
January 2018: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205021/health-mind-in-a-health-brain
#10
Jyrki Korkeila
The last few years have seen an increase in the research of psychic well-being and positive mental health. A positive point of view refers not only to pleasure but also to the ability to act in a constructive manner in challenging situations, and effectively regulate negative feelings and stress. Although a positive state of mind is often a passing experience, it can also be developed. Analogously, effective methods tested in a controlled manner have been established for the development of positive capabilities...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203458/evaluating-in-car-movements-in-the-design-of-mindful-commute-interventions-exploratory-study
#11
Pablo Enrique Paredes, Nur Al-Huda Hamdan, Dav Clark, Carrie Cai, Wendy Ju, James A Landay
BACKGROUND: The daily commute could be a right moment to teach drivers to use movement or breath towards improving their mental health. Long commutes, the relevance of transitioning from home to work, and vice versa and the privacy of commuting by car make the commute an ideal scenario and time to perform mindful exercises safely. Whereas driving safety is paramount, mindful exercises might help commuters decrease their daily stress while staying alert. Increasing vehicle automation may present new opportunities but also new challenges...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201248/a-qualitative-study-with-healthcare-staff-exploring-the-facilitators-and-barriers-to-engaging-in-a-self-help-mindfulness-based-intervention
#12
Moitree Banerjee, Kate Cavanagh, Clara Strauss
In order to increase the cost-efficiency, availability and ease of accessing and delivering mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs), clinical and research interest in mindfulness-based self-help (MBSH) interventions has increased in recent years. Several studies have shown promising results of effectiveness of MBSH. However, like all self-help interventions, dropout rates and disengagement from MBSH are high. The current study explored the facilitators and barriers of engaging in a MBSH intervention. Semi-structured interviews with members of healthcare staff who took part in an MBSH intervention (n = 16) were conducted...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201244/mindfulness-based-interventions-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Anjulie Dhillon, Elizabeth Sparkes, Rui V Duarte
This systematic review aims to assess the effect of mindfulness-based interventions carried out during pregnancy exploring mindfulness and mental health outcomes. A systematic review was conducted to appraise the current literature on the subject area. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were agreed and after reviewing titles, abstracts and full papers, 14 articles met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review. The quality of included articles was checked using the Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196072/social-involvement-issues-in-patients-with-becker-muscular-dystrophy-a-questionnaire-survey-of-subjects-from-a-patient-registry
#14
Madoka Mori-Yoshimura, Yukio Mizuno, Sumiko Yoshida, Narihiro Minami, Naohiro Yonemoto, Fumi Takeuchi, Ichizo Nishino, Miho Murata, Shin'ichi Takeda, Yuji Takahashi, En Kimura
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the relationship between Becker Muscular Dystrophy (BMD) and developmental problems, school life, employment, and mental problems. We aimed to clarify whether BMD is a risk factor for developmental disorders, problematic behavior, psychiatric diseases, and other social difficulties in school life and employment. METHODS: Adults with genetically or immunohistochemically confirmed BMD from the Registry of Muscular Dystrophy in Japan (REMUDY) were asked to complete a questionnaire regarding patient history, school life, employment, and mental problems...
November 29, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194555/three-simple-mindfulness-practices-to-manage-holiday-stress
#15
EDITORIAL
Mona Shattell, Angela Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194467/sleep-hygiene-education-as-a-treatment-of-insomnia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Ka-Fai Chung, Chit-Tat Lee, Wing-Fai Yeung, Man-Sum Chan, Emily Wing-Yue Chung, Wai-Ling Lin
Background: Sleep hygiene education (SHE) is commonly used as a treatment of insomnia in general practice. Whether SHE or cognitive-behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I), a treatment with stronger evidence base, should be provided first remains unclear. Objective: To review the efficacy of SHE for poor sleep or insomnia. Methods: We systematically searched six key electronic databases up until May 2017. Two researchers independently selected relevant publications, extracted data and evaluated methodological quality according to the Cochrane criteria...
November 29, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190348/computational-fluid-dynamics-study-of-the-end-side-and-sequential-coronary-artery-bypass-anastomoses-in-a-native-coronary-occlusion-model
#17
Kaoru Matsuura, Wei Wei Jin, Hao Liu, Goro Matsumiya
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the haemodynamic patterns in each anastomosis fashion using a computational fluid dynamic study in a native coronary occlusion model. METHODS: Fluid dynamic computations were carried out with ANSYS CFX (ANSYS Inc., Canonsburg, PA, USA) software. The incision lengths for parallel and diamond anastomoses were fixed at 2 mm. Native vessels were set to be totally occluded. The diameter of both the native and graft vessels was set to be 2 mm...
November 27, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188547/humor-as-wisdom-for-reframing-life
#18
Sang Uk Lee
Human beings inevitably experience anxiety but attempt to avoid facing it through various forms of self-deception. This avoidance can lead to pathological symptoms. Young and middle-aged adults may be especially susceptible to suffering from anxiety because they are often single-mindedly pursuing means of achieving security. For these and others who fail to embrace life with warm enthusiasm, humor can serve to alleviate stress. This article views humor as a characteristic disposition of older adults-their humor signifying a sense of integrity and wisdom that often accompanies the aging process...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187408/review-of-systematic-reviews-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-to-improve-quality-of-life-in-cancer-survivors
#19
Morvwen Duncan, Elisavet Moschopoulou, Eldrid Herrington, Jennifer Deane, Rebecca Roylance, Louise Jones, Liam Bourke, Adrienne Morgan, Trudie Chalder, Mohamed A Thaha, Stephanie C Taylor, Ania Korszun, Peter D White, Kamaldeep Bhui
OBJECTIVES: Over two million people in the UK are living with and beyond cancer. A third report diminished quality of life. DESIGN: A review of published systematic reviews to identify effective non-pharmacological interventions to improve the quality of life of cancer survivors. DATA SOURCES: Databases searched until May 2017 included PubMed, Cochrane Central, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Web of Science, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and PsycINFO...
November 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185375/the-effects-of-family-based-mindfulness-intervention-on-adhd-symptomology-in-young-children-and-their-parents-a-randomized-control-trial
#20
Herman H M Lo, Simpson W L Wong, Janet Y H Wong, Jerf W K Yeung, Eline Snel, Samuel Y S Wong
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to investigate the feasibility of a family-based mindfulness intervention in improving children with inattention and hyperactivity symptoms. METHOD: A total of 100 children aged 5 to 7 years with ADHD symptoms and their parents were randomly assigned to a family-based mindfulness intervention ( n = 50) or a wait-list control group ( n = 50). RESULTS: Families from intervention group had greater improvements in children's ADHD symptoms, with medium effect sizes of -0...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
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