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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907335/trial-protocol-the-use-of-mindfulness-based-intervention-for-improving-bracing-compliance-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Benjamin Hon Kei Yip, Xue Li, Christine Hiu Yan Leung, Ting Gao, Vincent Chi Ho Chung, Fiona Wai Ping Yu, Tsz Ping Lam, Jack Chun Yiu Cheng, Samuel Yeung Shan Wong
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most prevalent deforming orthopaedic condition; it causes significant disability when spinal curves progress beyond 45deg. Bracing is the primary treatment prescribed for adolescents with an immature skeleton who have spinal curves between 25 and 45deg. New evidence suggests that compliance with bracing significantly decreases the progression of high-risk curves to the threshold for surgery. Nonetheless, bracing is a stressful experience...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904042/the-challenge-of-stress-related-non-communicable-diseases
#2
EDITORIAL
Gregory L Fricchione
The greatest challenge facing medicine today involves the so-called non-communicable diseases (NCDs). This is true regardless of whether one's location is considered high-income, middle-income, or low-income. Basic research at all "OMICs" system levels will be significant in uncovering causal links that create NCD vulnerabilities in mind, brain, body, and society. Therefore, meeting this 21st century challenge by improving NCD management and prevention around the world will rely on advancement in this type of basic research...
June 15, 2018: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902053/unpredictability-body-awareness-and-eating-in-the-absence-of-hunger-a-cognitive-schemas-approach
#3
Randi P Proffitt Leyva, Sarah E Hill
OBJECTIVE: The current research examined whether cognitive schemas that emerge in the context of early life stress predict psychological and behavioral outcomes that increase obesity risk. Three studies tested this hypothesis, predicting that having an unpredictability schema-which is a mindset characterized by the belief that the world and the people in it are unpredictable and unreliable-would predict low body awareness and eating in the absence of hunger. METHOD: Self-report measures of early life environment, unpredictability schema, body awareness, and eating habits were used in Studies 1-3...
July 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901032/emotion-recognition-and-its-relation-to-prefrontal-function-and-network-in-heroin-plus-nicotine-dependence-a-pilot-study
#4
Hada Fong-Ha Ieong, Zhen Yuan
Many patients with substance use disorders (SUDs) live in a stressful environment, and comorbidity is not uncommon. Understanding the neural mechanisms underlying heroin and nicotine dependences and their relationships to social cognition could facilitate behavioral therapy efficacy. We aimed to provide a translational approach that leads to identifying potential biomarkers for opioid use disorder (OUD) susceptibility during recovery. We examined the clinical characters and the relationships between theory of mind (ToM) and executive functions in three groups: heroin plus nicotine-dependent (HND) patients who had remained heroin abstinent ( <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www...
April 2018: Neurophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899806/why-is-working-memory-performance-unstable-a-review-of-21-factors
#5
REVIEW
Rachael N Blasiman, Christopher A Was
In this paper, we systematically reviewed twenty-one factors that have been shown to either vary with or influence performance on working memory (WM) tasks. Specifically, we review previous work on the influence of intelligence, gender, age, personality, mental illnesses/medical conditions, dieting, craving, stress/anxiety, emotion/motivation, stereotype threat, temperature, mindfulness training, practice, bilingualism, musical training, altitude/hypoxia, sleep, exercise, diet, psychoactive substances, and brain stimulation on WM performance...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896150/recovery-of-repressed-memories-in-fibromyalgia-patients-treated-with-hyperbaric-oxygen-case-series-presentation-and-suggested-bio-psycho-social-mechanism
#6
Shai Efrati, Amir Hadanny, Shir Daphna-Tekoah, Yair Bechor, Kobi Tiberg, Nimrod Pik, Gil Suzin, Rachel Lev-Wiesel
Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS) is a condition considered to represent a prototype of central sensitization syndrome, characterized by chronic widespread pain and along with symptoms of fatigue, non-restorative sleep and cognitive difficulties. FMS can be induced by trauma, infection or emotional stress with cumulative evidence that dissociation is relatively frequent in FMS patients. Two randomized controlled trials have shown that hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) can induce neuroplasticity and be effective in patients suffering from FMS...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894374/mindfulness-in-a-graduate-nursing-curriculum-a-randomized-controlled-study
#7
Carrie Plummer, Eydie Cloyd, Jennifer K Doersam, Mary S Dietrich, Karen A Hande
This study evaluated a mindfulness-based stress reduction intervention for graduate nursing students. Forty-four participants engaged in 20 weekly, 1.5-hour sessions of mindfulness training. There were no statistically significant effects on participants' stress levels or quality of life, yet there was a statistically significant increase in overall mindfulness (P < .05).
July 2018: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893182/influence-of-adjuvant-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-mbct-on-symptoms-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-in-veterans-results-from-a-randomized-control-study
#8
Mostafa Jasbi, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Gholamreza Karami, Maryam Omidbeygi, Maryam Peyravi, Ailin Panahi, Jafar Mirzaee, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand
Even 30 or more years after the end of a war, veterans can suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In the present study, we explored the influence on symptoms of PTSD among Iranian veterans of the Iran-Iraq war of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) as add-on to a standard treatment with citalopram. Forty-eight male veterans with PTSD (mean age: 52.97 years) took part in this eight-week intervention study. Standard treatment for all patients consisted of citalopram (30-50 mg/day at therapeutic dosages)...
June 12, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892820/protocols-for-studying-how-thyroid-hormone-receptors-trigger-adaptive-thermogenesis-in-mice
#9
Karine Gauthier
The ability of thyroid hormone T3 to stimulate energy expenditure and regulate different aspects of whole body metabolism has been recognized for over a 100 years. Indeed in 1895 Adolf Magnus Levy was already describing the influence of the thyroid on setting the basal metabolic rate. Now it has been well characterized that the level of circulating T3 is correlated with energy expenditure both in humans and in rodent models (Mullur et al., Physiol Rev 94:355-382, 2014; Silva, Thyroid 5:481-492, 1995). Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are respectively associated with low and high energy expenditure leading to high and low body mass index...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892321/considerations-for-research-and-development-of-culturally-relevant-mindfulness-interventions-in-american-minority-communities
#10
Jeffrey Proulx, Raina Croff, Barry Oken, Carolyn M Aldwin, Crystal Fleming, Dessa Bergen-Cico, Thao Le, Misbah Noorani
As many health disparities in American minority communities (AMCs) are stress-related, there has been an increased interest in the development of mindfulness programs as potential stress reduction measures in these communities. However, the bulk of the extant literature on mindfulness research and mindfulness interventions is based upon experiences with the larger White community. The intent of this commentary is to share a framework that includes key cultural considerations for conducting research and developing culturally-salient mindfulness programs with AMCs...
April 2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892247/interoceptive-awareness-skills-for-emotion-regulation-theory-and-approach-of-mindful-awareness-in-body-oriented-therapy-mabt
#11
Cynthia J Price, Carole Hooven
Emotion regulation involves a coherent relationship with the self, specifically effective communication between body, mind, and feelings. Effective emotion regulation involves the ability to accurately detect and evaluate cues related to physiological reactions to stressful events, accompanied by appropriate regulation strategies that temper and influence the emotional response. There is compelling evidence demonstrating links between poor or disrupted awareness of sensory information, or interoceptive awareness, and difficulties with emotion regulation...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889605/integrative-therapies-during-and-after-breast-cancer-treatment-asco-endorsement-of-the-sio-clinical-practice-guideline
#12
Gary H Lyman, Heather Greenlee, Kari Bohlke, Ting Bao, Angela M DeMichele, Gary E Deng, Judith M Fouladbakhsh, Brigitte Gil, Dawn L Hershman, Sami Mansfield, Dawn M Mussallem, Karen M Mustian, Erin Price, Susan Rafte, Lorenzo Cohen
Purpose The Society for Integrative Oncology (SIO) produced an evidence-based guideline on use of integrative therapies during and after breast cancer treatment that was determined to be relevant to the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) membership. ASCO considered the guideline for endorsement. Methods The SIO guideline addressed the use of integrative therapies for the management of symptoms and adverse effects, such as anxiety and stress, mood disorders, fatigue, quality of life, chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, lymphedema, chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy, pain, and sleep disturbance...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887823/a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-the-attention-training-technique-and-mindful-self-compassion-for-students-with-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety
#13
Ragni B Haukaas, Ingrid B Gjerde, Grunde Varting, Håvard E Hallan, Stian Solem
The Attention Training Technique (ATT) and Mindful Self-Compassion (MSC) are two promising psychological interventions. ATT is a 12-min auditory exercise designed to strengthen attentional control and promote external focus of attention, while MSC uses guided meditation and exercises designed to promote self-compassion. In this randomized controlled trial (RCT), a three-session intervention trial was conducted in which university students were randomly assigned to either an ATT-group ( n = 40) or a MSC-group ( n = 41)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887786/mindfulness-in-follow-up-care-after-breast-cancer-can-it-prevent-recurrence
#14
REVIEW
Carola Modica, Klaus Hoenig
This review focuses on the question whether mindfulness in follow-up care can contribute to the prevention of breast cancer (BC) recurrence. We first introduce behavioral risk and protective factors in follow-up care by presenting current research outcomes modulating individual risk for recurrence. We argue that although increased self-awareness is undoubtedly beneficial for BC survivors, it may also trigger adverse effects in vulnerable individuals such as overarousal and impaired emotional regulation. Indeed, research shows that many BC survivors are often confronted with clinical levels of fear of recurrence and anxiety and depressive symptoms...
April 2018: Breast Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886882/the-use-of-a-perioperative-supra-physiological-dose-of-glucocorticoid-is-not-supported-by-evidence-a-systematic-review
#15
Bashir Fouad Khazen, Alaa El-Hussuna
INTRODUCTION: A supra-physiological dose of glucocorticoid (SDS) is administered routinely in the perioperative management of patients on long-term regular glucocorticoid therapy. The dose of glucocorticoid used in these regimens varies. The current treatment is based on two 60-year-old case reports. No data exist to document the required dose of glucocorticoid to prevent perioperative hypotension or the category of patients needing this dose. Having in mind that high doses of glucocorticoids have several potential side effects, this practice ought to be re-evaluated in the light of available evidence...
June 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882926/violence-exposure-and-mental-health-of-college-students-in-the-united-states
#16
Shervin Assari, Maryam Moghani Lankarani
Background : Despite the well-established link between exposure to violence and mental health problems, less is known about this association among college students. The current study aimed to investigate the association between history of exposure to violence and mental health of American college students. Methods : Healthy Mind Study (HMS, 2016⁻2017) is a national online survey of 41,898 adult college students. The independent variable was lifetime history of exposure to violence (psychological, physical, and sexual)...
May 24, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875882/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-versus-pure-cognitive-behavioural-self-help-for-perfectionism-a-pilot-randomised-study
#17
Kirsty James, Katharine A Rimes
This pilot study compared mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) with a self-help guide based on cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for university students experiencing difficulties due to perfectionism. Participants were randomised to an MBCT intervention specifically tailored for perfectionism or pure CBT self-help. Questionnaires were completed at baseline, 8 weeks later (corresponding to the end of MBCT) and at 10-week follow-up. Post-intervention intention-to-treat (ITT) analyses identified that MBCT participants ( n  = 28) had significantly lower levels of perfectionism and stress than self-help participants ( n  = 32)...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875880/the-utility-of-home-practice-in-mindfulness-based-group-interventions-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Annette Lloyd, Ross White, Catrin Eames, Rebecca Crane
A growing body of research supports the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs). MBIs consider home-practice as essential to increasing the therapeutic effects of the treatment. To date however, the synthesis of the research conducted on the role of home-practice in controlled MBI studies has been a neglected area. This review aimed to conduct a narrative synthesis of published controlled studies, evaluating mindfulness-based group interventions, which have specifically measured home-practice. Empirical research literature published until June 2016 was searched using five databases...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873802/complementary-alternative-and-integrative-treatment-for-substance-use-disorders
#19
Gail Van Kanegan, Julie Worley
Complementary alternative and integrative medicine (CAIM) modalities are increasingly sought after by patients with chronic health conditions such as substance use disorders (SUDs). Evidence suggests that CAIM interventions can improve symptoms commonly seen in patients with SUDs, such as stress, anxiety, depression, and pain. Mindfulness-based intervention (MBI), such as meditation, has proven effective for a variety of conditions, including SUDs. Other CAIM strategies, such as manipulative body practices and healing energy medicine techniques, are also showing some evidence of effectiveness...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872924/a-mindfulness-intervention-to-reduce-maternal-distress-in-neonatal-intensive-care-a-mixed-methods-pilot-study
#20
Tamar Mendelson, Ciara McAfee, April Joy Damian, Amitoj Brar, Pamela Donohue, Erica Sibinga
Mothers with an infant in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are at risk for depression, anxiety, and trauma symptoms, with negative implications for maternal-infant bonding, maternal well-being, and infant development. Few interventions to promote NICU mothers' mental health, however, have been developed or tested. This pre-post pilot study assessed feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary outcomes of a mindfulness intervention for NICU mothers. Twenty-seven mothers were recruited from a university NICU and offered a mindfulness intervention via introductory video and audio-recorded practices...
June 5, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
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