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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670003/stress-and-alterations-in-the-pain-matrix-a-biopsychosocial-perspective-on-back-pain-and-its-prevention-and-treatment
#1
Pia-Maria Wippert, Christine Wiebking
The genesis of chronic pain is explained by a biopsychosocial model. It hypothesizes an interdependency between environmental and genetic factors provoking aberrant long-term changes in biological and psychological regulatory systems. Physiological effects of psychological and physical stressors may play a crucial role in these maladaptive processes. Specifically, long-term demands on the stress response system may moderate central pain processing and influence descending serotonergic and noradrenergic signals from the brainstem, regulating nociceptive processing at the spinal level...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669617/does-a-modified-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-mbct-course-have-the-potential-to-reduce-stress-and-burnout-in-nhs-gps-feasibility-study
#2
Kate Hamilton-West, Tracy Pellatt-Higgins, Neil Pillai
AimTo explore, for the first time, whether a modified mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) course has the potential to reduce stress and burnout among National Health Service (NHS) General Practitioners. BACKGROUND: There is a crisis of low morale among NHS GPs, with most describing their workload as 'unmanageable'. MBCT has been demonstrated to improve stress and burnout in other populations, but has not yet been evaluated in a cohort of NHS GPs. METHODS: NHS GPs in South East England (n=22) attended a modified version of the MBCT course approved by National Institute for Health and Care Excellence for prevention of depressive relapse...
April 19, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657562/mental-health-disorder-therapeutic-modalities-modified-for-the-gms
#3
REVIEW
Tipsuda Sumneangsanor, Sararud Vuthiarpa, Chomchueun Somprasert
Background: Mental health disorders can affect physical and psychological behaviors. The people of the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) have a high risk of mental health disorders, such as depression, stress, and substance abuse be-cause the people in this region are trafficked for forced sex work and various forms of forced labor. In these situations, vic-tims often endure violence and abuse from trafficking recruiters, employers, and other individuals. The purposes of this study were to identify the elements characterizing mental health disorders, especially in terms of depression, stress, and sub-stance abuse, and to identify the treatment modalities for mental health disorders in the GMS...
December 2017: Current Psychiatry Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656976/the-influence-of-postoperative-knee-stability-on-patient-satisfaction-in-cruciate-retaining-total-knee-arthroplasty
#4
Tomoyuki Kamenaga, Hirotsugu Muratsu, Yutaro Kanda, Hidetoshi Miya, Ryosuke Kuroda, Tomoyuki Matsumoto
BACKGROUND: Although knee stability is well known as an important element for the success of total knee arthroplasty (TKA), the direct relationship between clinical outcomes and knee stability is still unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine if postoperative knee stability and soft-tissue balance affect the functional outcomes and patient satisfaction after cruciate-retaining (CR) TKA. METHODS: Fifty-five patients with varus osteoarthritis of the knee who underwent CR TKA were included in this study, and their postoperative knee stability was assessed by stress radiography at extension and flexion 1 month postoperatively...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642766/trauma-related-sleep-problems-and-associated-health-outcomes-in-police-officers-a-path-analysis
#5
Brian A Chopko, Patrick A Palmieri, Richard E Adams
Police officers are frequently exposed to two different types of potentially traumatic events: one dealing with physical threats to self and the other involving the witnessing of harm to others. These different types of traumatic experiences are thought to produce various posttraumatic reactions. Furthermore, sleep problems are also reported as a hallmark of posttraumatic stress disorder. There is evidence, however, that sleep problems may mediate the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and health outcomes, especially physical health and depression...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629606/cancer-and-complementary-therapies-current-trends-in-survivors-interest-and-use
#6
Maryam Qureshi, Erin Zelinski, Linda E Carlson
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors use complementary therapies (CTs) for a variety of reasons; however, with interest and use reportedly on the rise and a widening range of products and practices available, there is a need to establish trends in and drivers of interest. We aimed to determine (1) frequencies of use, level of interest, and barriers for 30 specific CTs and (2) whether physical symptoms, perceived stress (PS), or spiritual well-being were related to interest levels. METHOD: A total of 212 cancer outpatients were surveyed at the Tom Baker Cancer Centre in Calgary, Canada...
April 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629280/effectiveness-of-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-with-mindfulness-in-end-stage-renal-disease-hemodialysis-patients
#7
Bo Kyung Sohn, Yun Kyu Oh, Jung-Seok Choi, Jiyoun Song, Ahyoung Lim, Jung Pyo Lee, Jung Nam An, Hee-Jeong Choi, Jae Yeon Hwang, Hee-Yeon Jung, Jun-Young Lee, Chun Soo Lim
Background: Many patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing hemodialysis (HD) experience depression. Depression influences patient quality of life (QOL), dialysis compliance, and medical comorbidity. We developed and applied a group cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program including mindfulness meditation for ESRD patients undergoing HD, and measured changes in QOL, mood, anxiety, perceived stress, and biochemical markers. Methods: We conducted group CBT over a 12-week period with seven ESRD patients undergoing HD and suffering from depression...
March 2018: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627695/mindfulness-based-resilience-training-to-reduce-health-risk-stress-reactivity-and-aggression-among-law-enforcement-officers-a-feasibility-and-preliminary-efficacy-trial
#8
Michael S Christopher, Matthew Hunsinger, Lt Richard J Goerling, Sarah Bowen, Brant S Rogers, Cynthia R Gross, Eli Dapolonia, Jens C Pruessner
The primary objective of this study was to assess feasibility and gather preliminary outcome data on Mindfulness-Based Resilience Training (MBRT) for law enforcement officers. Participants (n = 61) were randomized to either an 8-week MBRT course or a no intervention control group. Self-report and physiological data were collected at baseline, post-training, and three months following intervention completion. Attendance, adherence, post-training participant feedback, and interventionist fidelity to protocol all demonstrated feasibility of MBRT for law enforcement officers...
March 23, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625603/postural-awareness-and-its-relation-to-pain-validation-of-an-innovative-instrument-measuring-awareness-of-body-posture-in-patients-with-chronic-pain
#9
Holger Cramer, Wolf E Mehling, Felix J Saha, Gustav Dobos, Romy Lauche
BACKGROUND: Habitual postural patterns are associated with musculoskeletal pain, and improving a maladaptive posture requires postural awareness in order to lead to clinical improvements. This study aimed to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of an innovative postural awareness scale. METHODS: A 12-item Postural Awareness Scale (PAS) was developed and administered to 512 chronic pain patients (50.3 ± 11.4 years, 91.6% female, 37.1% spinal/shoulder pain) to assess its factor structure and reliability...
April 6, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622275/longitudinal-cross-lagged-relationships-between-mindfulness-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-posttraumatic-growth-in-adolescents-following-the-yancheng-tornado-in-china
#10
Yuanyuan An, Guangzhe Yuan, Na Zhang, Wei Xu, Zhen Liu, Feng Zhou
Treatment of posttraumatic stress symptoms and facilitation of posttraumatic growth are two encouraging areas of research, yet little is understood about the relationships between trait mindfulness, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and posttraumatic growth. Previous work suggests the linkages among these variables, but most studies have been conducted in adult samples. The aim of this study was to examine longitudinal cross-lagged relationships between mindfulness, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and posttraumatic growth among adolescent survivors of the 2016 Jiangsu tornado in China...
March 20, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617642/the-science-and-translation-of-lactate-shuttle-theory
#11
REVIEW
George A Brooks
Once thought to be a waste product of anaerobic metabolism, lactate is now known to form continuously under aerobic conditions. Shuttling between producer and consumer cells fulfills at least three purposes for lactate: (1) a major energy source, (2) the major gluconeogenic precursor, and (3) a signaling molecule. "Lactate shuttle" (LS) concepts describe the roles of lactate in delivery of oxidative and gluconeogenic substrates as well as in cell signaling. In medicine, it has long been recognized that the elevation of blood lactate correlates with illness or injury severity...
April 3, 2018: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616573/physiology-learning-for-veterinary-students-impact-of-guided-practices-on-students-opinion-and-physiological-parameters
#12
Francisco A García-Vázquez, Raquel Romar, Joaquín Gadea, Carmen Matás, Pilar Coy, Salvador Ruiz
Over recent decades, education has increasingly focused on student-centered learning. Guided practices represent a new way of learning for undergraduate students of physiology, whereby the students turn into teacher-students and become more deeply involved in the subject by preparing and teaching a practical (laboratory) class to their peers. The goal was to assess the students' opinions about guided practices and how physiological parameters change during the activity. For this objective, two experiments were performed...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615905/four-weekly-ayahuasca-sessions-lead-to-increases-in-acceptance-capacities-a-comparison-study-with-a-standard-8-week-mindfulness-training-program
#13
Joaquim Soler, Matilde Elices, Elisabeth Dominguez-Clavé, Juan C Pascual, Amanda Feilding, Mayte Navarro-Gil, Javier García-Campayo, Jordi Riba
Background: The therapeutic effects of the Amazonian plant tea ayahuasca may relate to its ability to enhance mindfulness capacities. Ayahuasca induces a modified state of awareness through the combined action of its active principles: the psychedelic N,N- dimethyltryptamine (DMT) and a series of centrally acting β-carbolines, mainly harmine and tetrahydroharmine. To better understand the therapeutic potential of ayahuasca, here we compared the impact on mindfulness capacities induced by two independent interventions: (a) participation in four ayahuasca sessions without any specific purpose related to improving mindfulness capacities; and (b) participation in a standard mindfulness training course: 8 weeks mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), with the specific goal of improving these skills...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614706/yoga-and-meditation-based-lifestyle-intervention-increases-neuroplasticity-and-reduces-severity-of-major-depressive-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Madhuri R Tolahunase, Rajesh Sagar, Muneeb Faiq, Rima Dada
BACKGROUND: Current interventions for major depressive disorder (MDD) are suboptimal, and only one third respond to them on initial treatment. Neuroplasticity theories are the basis for several emerging treatments. Evidence on the impact of yoga, a well-known mind-body intervention, on neuroplasticity in MDD is limited. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of 12-week yoga- and meditation- based lifestyle intervention (YMLI) on depression severity and systemic biomarkers of neuroplasticity in adult MDD patients on routine drug treatment...
March 25, 2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609475/effectiveness-of-a-smartphone-based-worry-reduction-training-for-stress-reduction-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Anke Versluis, Bart Verkuil, Philip Spinhoven, Jos F Brosschot
OBJECTIVE: Perseverative cognition (e.g. worry) and unconscious stress are suggested to be important mediators in the relation between stressors and physiological health. We examined whether a smartphone-based worry-reduction training improved a physiological marker of stress (i.e. increased heart rate variability [HRV]) and unconscious stress. DESIGN: Randomised-controlled trial was conducted with individuals reporting work stress (n = 136). Participants were randomised to the experimental, control or waitlist condition (resp...
April 3, 2018: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607379/experiences-of-the-breast-cancer-patients-undergoing-radiotherapy-at-a-public-hospital-peshawar-pakistan
#16
Gulzar Habibullah, Raisa Gul, Shanaz Cassum, Rehana Elahi
Objective: This study aimed to explore the experiences of female breast cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy (RT) in a public hospital in Peshawar, Pakistan. Methods: This study employed a descriptive exploratory method. A purposive sample of 14 breast cancer women undergoing RT was selected for this study. Data were collected over the period of 5 months, using a semi-structured interview guide and conducting in-depth face-to-face interviews. These interviews were audio taped and transcribed by a bilingual transcriber...
April 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606143/evaluation-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-life-and-a-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-stress-management-workshop-to-improve-healthcare-staff-stress-study-protocol-for-two-randomised-controlled-trials
#17
Clara Strauss, Jenny Gu, Nikki Pitman, Cavita Chapman, Willem Kuyken, Adrian Whittington
BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers experience higher levels of work-related stress and higher rates of sickness absence than workers in other sectors. Psychological approaches have potential in providing healthcare workers with the knowledge and skills to recognise stress and to manage stress effectively. The strongest evidence for effectiveness in reducing stress in the workplace is for stress-management courses based on cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) principles and mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs)...
April 2, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603699/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-fluoride-prophylactic-agents-on-mechanical-properties-of-nickel-titanium-wires-using-scanning-electron-microscope
#18
Ajay K Gupta, Gita Shukla, Poonam Sharma, Amit K Gupta, Amit Kumar, Deepika Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Orthodontic treatment these days is increasing in demand, and therefore, it is relatively imperative for the orthodontist to prescribe the use of fluoride-containing products, such as mouthwashes and gels, to help prevent dental caries and maintain healthy oral health. The aim of the study was to assess and evaluate the effects of fluoride prophylactic agents on mechanical properties of nickel titanium (NiTi) wires during orthodontic treatment using scanning electron microscope (SEM)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602138/the-effectiveness-of-mindfulness-meditation-for-nurses-and-nursing-students-an-integrated-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Pamela van der Riet, Tracy Levett-Jones, Catherine Aquino-Russell
BACKGROUND: A growing body of literature has identified a range of beneficial physiological and psychological outcomes from the regular practice of mindfulness meditation. For healthcare professionals, mindfulness meditation is claimed to reduce stress, anxiety and burnout, and enhance resilience. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this integrative review was to critically appraise the literature that related to the effectiveness of mindfulness meditation programs for nurses and nursing students...
March 24, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599851/potential-mechanisms-of-mindfulness-in-improving-sleep-and-distress
#20
Way K W Lau, Mei-Kei Leung, Yun-Kwok Wing, Tatia M C Lee
The mechanisms of mindfulness-improved sleep quality are not extensively studied. Recently, attention monitoring/awareness and acceptance in mindfulness have been proposed to be the underlying mechanisms that tackle distress and related disorders. The current study tested if acceptance moderated the relationship of awareness with psychological distress and sleep quality, and verified that psychological distress mediated the relationship between mindfulness and sleep quality in a group of community-dwelling healthy adults...
2018: Mindfulness
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