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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457147/a-scoping-review-of-health-outcomes-examined-in-randomized-controlled-trials-using-guided-imagery
#1
Peter R Giacobbi, Jonathan Stewart, Keeley Chaffee, Anna-Marie Jaeschke, Meagan Stabler, George A Kelley
Introduction: Guided imagery involves the controlled visualization of detailed mental images. This integrative health technique is used for healing, health maintenance, or the treatment of specific conditions. Guided imagery is an integral part of mindfulness meditation, hypnosis, and various relaxation exercises. However, evidence to support the widespread use and dissemination of guided imagery interventions has been lacking. The purposes of this scoping review were to document the scope of health outcomes and disease processes examined by guided imagery researchers and the journal outlets where this work has been published...
December 2017: Progress in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455384/novel-interventions-to-reduce-stress-and-overeating-in-overweight-pregnant-women-a-feasibility-study
#2
B A Laraia, N E Adler, K Coleman-Phox, C Vieten, L Mellin, J L Kristeller, M Thomas, N E Stotland, R H Lustig, M F Dallman, F M Hecht, N R Bush, C L de Groat, E Epel
Background High stress and depression during pregnancy are risk factors for worsened health trajectories for both mother and offspring. This is also true for pre-pregnancy obesity and excessive gestational weight gain. Reducing stress and depression may be one path to prevent excessive caloric intake and gestational weight gain. Study Purpose We tested the feasibility of two novel interventions aimed at reducing stress and overeating during pregnancy. Reflecting different theoretical underpinnings, the interventions target different mechanisms...
February 17, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447711/no-355-physiologic-basis-of-pain-in-labour-and-delivery-an-evidence-based-approach-to-its-management
#3
Julie Bonapace, Guy-Paul Gagné, Nils Chaillet, Raymonde Gagnon, Emmanuelle Hébert, Sarah Buckley
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence relating to nonpharmacological approaches in the management of pain during labour and delivery. To formulate recommendations for the usage of nonpharmacological approaches to pain management. OPTIONS: Nonpharmacological methods available for pain management during labour and delivery exist. These should be included in the counselling and care of women. EVIDENCE: PubMed and Medline were searched for articles in French and English on subjects related to "breastfeeding," "pain," "epidural," "anaesthesia," "analgesia," "labour," "labor," and combined with "gate control theory," "alternative therapies," "massage," "position," "mobility," "TENS," "bathing," "DNIC," "acupuncture," "acupressure," "sterile water injection," "higher center," "control mind," "cognitive structuring," "holistic health," "complementary therapy(ies)," "breathing," "relaxation," "mental imagery," "visualization," "mind focusing," "hypnosis," "auto-hypnosis," "sophrology," "mind and body interventions," "music," "odors," "biofeedback," "Lamaze," "Bonapace," "prenatal training," "gymnastic," "chanting," "haptonomy," "environment," "transcutaneous electrical stimulus-stimulation," "antenatal education," "support," "continuous support," "psychosocial support," "psychosomatic medicine," "supportive care," "companion," "intrapartum care," "nurse," "midwife(ves)," "father," "doula," "caregiver," " hormones," "oxytocin," "endorphin," "prolactin," "catecholamine," "adrenaline," and "noradrenaline" from 1990 to December 2015...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443019/a-community-based-stress-management-program-using-wearable-devices-to-assess-whole-body-physiological-responses-in-non-laboratory-settings
#4
Robert Carter, Kirtigandha Salwe Carter, John Holliday, Alice Holliday, Carlton Keith Harrison
A pragmatic breath-based intervention to benefit human performance and stress management is timely and valuable to individuals seeking holistic approaches for emotional regulation and optimizing compensatory reserve mechanisms. This protocol is designed to not only teach mind-body awareness but also to provide feedback utilizing physiological data and survey results. The primary findings of this study showed that heart coherence and alpha variables were significantly correlated after four weeks of the breath-based meditation stress protocol...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431918/examining-the-psychological-and-emotional-mechanisms-of-mindfulness-that-reduce-stress-to-enhance-healthy-behaviours
#5
Sara J Sagui-Henson, Sara M Levens, Cara L Blevins
Engagement in modifiable health behaviours plays a critical role in the development of chronic illnesses. Research suggests that mindfulness facilitates health-enhancing behaviour, yet the influence of mindfulness on different health behaviours and the mechanisms underlying this association are unclear. This study investigated a mediation model that explores psychological and emotional coping processes (reappraisal, suppression, and psychological flexibility) as mechanisms connecting mindfulness to reduced stress perceptions and reactions, which then predict physical activity, fruit and vegetable consumption, and sleep quality...
February 12, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425788/trait-mindfulness-predicts-the-presence-but-not-the-magnitude-of-cortisol-responses-to-acute-stress
#6
Andrew W Manigault, Alex Woody, Peggy M Zoccola, Sally S Dickerson
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness, or the practice of observing present moment experiences with acceptance, is thought to improve health at least partially by limiting hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis over-responsiveness during episodes of acute stress. However, models of allostatic load suggest that HPA axis under-responsiveness can also be detrimental to health, and the relationship between mindfulness and cortisol under-responsiveness has yet to be examined. The present study therefore aimed to address this knowledge gap, and to revisit the relationship between mindfulness and acute cortisol response magnitude while excluding (or statistically controlling for) individuals displaying HPA axis under-responsiveness...
January 31, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422744/investigation-of-yoga-pranayama-and-vedic-mathematics-on-mindfulness-aggression-and-emotion-regulation
#7
Vasant Venkatraman Shastri, Alex Hankey, Bhawna Sharma, Sanjib Patra
Background: Competitive examinations, particularly in mathematics, have made emotional stress a major problem for preuniversity students, emotions like aggression toward fellow students and teachers increase. Mindfulness is a quality that reduces both emotional stress and aggression, so increasing mindfulness should be helpful. Aims: To study the effects of Yoga Pranayama (YP) and Vedic Mathematics (VM) on mindfulness, aggression, and emotion regulation. Methods: Participants were 12th graders attending a preuniversity college in Chikkamagaluru, India, of both genders...
September 2017: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422189/a-mindfulness-based-intervention-to-increase-resilience-to-stress-in-university-students-the-mindful-student-study-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Julieta Galante, Géraldine Dufour, Maris Vainre, Adam P Wagner, Jan Stochl, Alice Benton, Neal Lathia, Emma Howarth, Peter B Jones
BACKGROUND: The rising number of young people going to university has led to concerns about an increasing demand for student mental health services. We aimed to assess whether provision of mindfulness courses to university students would improve their resilience to stress. METHODS: We did this pragmatic randomised controlled trial at the University of Cambridge, UK. Students aged 18 years or older with no severe mental illness or crisis (self-assessed) were randomly assigned (1:1), via remote survey software using computer-generated random numbers, to receive either an 8 week mindfulness course adapted for university students (Mindfulness Skills for Students [MSS]) plus mental health support as usual, or mental health support as usual alone...
February 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422163/the-impact-of-complementary-therapies-on-psychosocial-factors-in-women-undergoing-in-vitro-fertilization-ivf-a-systematic-literature-review
#9
Jenna A LoGiudice, Jenna Massaro
AIM: This review evaluates the impact of complementary therapies on psychosocial factors in women undergoing IVF. BACKGROUND: According to the CDC, nearly 7% of married women in the United States face infertility. Approximately 1.5% of all infants born in the U.S. annually are conceived through assisted reproductive technologies (ART), such as IVF. Women undergoing ART report distress, anxiety, and depression related to their treatment. Stress has been cited as the top reason why women terminate treatment...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420083/an-investigation-of-neuroinjury-biomarkers-after-sport-related-concussion-from-the-subacute-phase-to-clinical-recovery
#10
Alex P Di Battista, Shawn G Rhind, Andrew J Baker, Rakesh Jetly, Jeff D Debad, Doug Richards, Michael G Hutchison
OBJECTIVES: To characterise a panel of neuroinjury-related blood biomarkers after sport-related concussion (SRC). We hypothesised significant differences in biomarker profiles between athletes with SRC and healthy controls at both subacute and medical clearance time points. METHODS: Thirty-eight interuniversity athletes were recruited over two athletic seasons (n = 19 SRC; n = 19 healthy matched-control). High-sensitivity immunoassay was used to evaluate 11 blood analytes at both the subacute phase after SRC and at medical clearance...
February 8, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420050/happier-healers-randomized-controlled-trial-of-mobile-mindfulness-for-stress-management
#11
Elaine Yang, Elizabeth Schamber, Rika M L Meyer, Jeffrey I Gold
PURPOSE: Medical students have higher rates of depression and psychologic distress than the general population, which may negatively impact academic performance and professional conduct. This study assessed whether 10-20 min of daily mindfulness meditation for 30 days, using a mobile phone application, could decrease perceived stress and improve well-being for medical students. METHODS: Eighty-eight medical students were stratified by class year and randomized to either intervention or control groups to use the mobile application Headspace, an audio-guided mindfulness meditation program, for 30 days...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419734/exploring-interventions-for-sleep-disorders-in-adolescent-cannabis-users
#12
REVIEW
Tzvi Furer, Komal Nayak, Jess P Shatkin
This review summarizes the available literature on the intersection of adolescent cannabis use and sleep disturbances, along with interventions for adolescent cannabis users who suffer sleep impairments. Adolescents are susceptible to various sleep disorders, which are often exacerbated by the use of substances such as cannabis. The relationship between cannabis and sleep is bidirectional. Interventions to improve sleep impairments among adolescent cannabis users to date have demonstrated limited efficacy, although few studies indicating the benefits of behavioral interventions-such as Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Insomnia or Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction-appear promising in the treatment of sleep disorders, which are present for users of cannabis...
February 8, 2018: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419580/self-monitoring-lifestyle-behavior-in-overweight-and-obese-pregnant-women-qualitative-findings
#13
Carol Shieh, Claire Burke Draucker
BACKGROUND: Excessive maternal gestational weight gain increases pregnancy and infant complications. Self-monitoring has been shown to be an effective strategy in weight management. Literature, however, is limited in describing pregnant women's engagement in self-monitoring. AIM: This qualitative study explored the experiences of overweight and obese pregnant women who self-monitored their eating, walking, and weight as participants in an intervention for excessive gestational weight gain prevention...
March 2018: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417836/heart-rate-variability-as-a-marker-of-distress-and-recovery-the-effect-of-brief-supportive-expressive-group-therapy-with-mindfulness-in-cancer-patients
#14
HyeYoun Park, Sohee Oh, Yumi Noh, Ju Young Kim, Jeong-Hyun Kim
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the effects of brief supportive expressive group therapy with mindfulness for cancer patients and to assess the utility of heart rate variability (HRV) as a biomarker of distress and treatment effect. METHODS: A total of 28 female patients with nonmetastatic cancer at a university hospital in South Korea received a 4-week modified group therapy for distress reduction. The BESTMIND (Brief Expression and Support Therapy with Mindfulness) program consisted of supportive-expressive group therapy and mindfulness-based stress reduction...
February 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415222/military-tailored-yoga-for-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#15
Robin E Cushing, Kathryn L Braun, Susan W Alden C-Iayt, Alan R Katz
Introduction: Among veterans of post-9/11 conflicts, estimates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) range from 9% shortly after returning from deployment to 31% a year after deployment. Clinical and pharmaceutically based treatments are underutilized. This could be due to concerns related to lost duty days, as well as PTSD patients' fears of stigma of having a mental health condition. Yoga has been shown to reduce PTSD symptoms in the civilian population, but few studies have tested the impact of yoga on veterans of post-9/11 conflicts...
February 5, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405918/economic-impact-of-third-wave-cognitive-behavioral-therapies-a-systematic-review-and-quality-assessment-of-economic-evaluations-in-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
REVIEW
Albert Feliu-Soler, Ausiàs Cebolla, Lance M McCracken, Francesco D'Amico, Martin Knapp, Alba López-Montoyo, Javier García-Campayo, Joaquim Soler, Rosa M Baños, Adrián Pérez-Aranda, Laura Andrés-Rodriguez, María Rubio-Valera, Juan V Luciano
The term third-wave cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) encompasses new forms of CBT that both extend and innovate within CBT. Most third-wave therapies have been subject to randomized controlled trials (RCTs) focused on clinical effectiveness; however, the number and quality of economic evaluations in these RCTs has been unknown and may be few. Evidence about efficiency of these therapies may help support decisions on efficient allocation of resources in health policies. The main aim of this study was to systematically review the economic impact of third-wave therapies in the treatment of patients with physical or mental conditions...
January 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405863/effect-of-seminar-on-compassion-on-student-self-compassion-mindfulness-and-well-being-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Celine M Ko, Fran Grace, Gilbert N Chavez, Sarah J Grimleya, Emily R Dalrymple, Lisa E Olson
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness-based interventions have been shown to have psychological benefits in college students. We explored the effects of an academic seminar on compassion on student psychological health. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-one participants (14 male, 27 female, mean age 19.8 ±1.4 years) were assessed pre- and post- spring semesters 2013 and 2014. METHODS: Students were randomized to the seminar on compassion or a wait-list control group...
February 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401335/influence-of-personality-traits-on-the-effective-performance-of-lifesaving-interventions-example-of-the-tourniquet-application-in-forward-combat-casualty-care
#18
Quentin Vuillemin, Pierre-Eric Schwartzbrod, Pierre Pasquier, Florian Sibille, Marion Trousselard, Marie-Hélène Ferrer
Introduction: Health care delivery in military conflicts implies high-stress environments. Hemorrhage is the first cause of survivable death among combat casualties, and tourniquet application is one of the most critical lifesaving interventions on the battlefield. However, previous studies have shown high failure rates in tourniquet application. Our study aimed to assess the correlation between personality traits that may interfere with effective tourniquet application in a simulated extremity hemorrhage...
January 1, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397087/the-benefits-of-yoga-in-children
#19
REVIEW
Chandra Nanthakumar
The number of children suffering from stress and anxiety in Malaysia is on the rise. Evidence shows that mind-body therapies such as mindfulness therapy, meditation and yoga have been practiced in many other countries to reduce and/or manage the psychological effects of stress and anxiety. This review article looks at the intervention of yoga as a meditative movement practice in helping school children manage stress and anxiety. Articles were retrieved using a combination of databases including PubMed/MEDLINE, and PsycINFO...
January 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389736/psychological-stress-and-mitochondria-a-systematic-review
#20
Martin Picard, Bruce S McEwen
OBJECTIVE: Mitochondria are multifunctional life-sustaining organelles that represent a potential intersection point between psychosocial experiences and biological stress responses. This article provides a systematic review of the effects of psychological stress on mitochondrial structure and function. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature investigating the effects of psychological stress on mitochondrial function was conducted. The review focused on experimentally controlled studies allowing us to draw causal inference about the effect of induced psychological stress on mitochondria...
February 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
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