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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314552/effects-of-mindfulness-meditation-on-occupational-functioning-and-health-care-utilization-in-individuals-with-anxiety
#1
Elizabeth A Hoge, Brittany M Guidos, Mihriye Mete, Eric Bui, Mark H Pollack, Naomi M Simon, Mary Ann Dutton
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of mindfulness meditation on occupational functioning in individuals with Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). METHODS: Fifty-seven individuals with GAD (mean (SD) age=39 (13); 56% women) participated in an 8-week clinical trial in which they were randomized to mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) or an attention control class. In this secondary analysis, absenteeism, entire workdays missed, partial workdays missed, and healthcare utilization patterns were assessed before and after treatment...
April 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299475/group-interventions-to-promote-mental-health-in-health-professional-education-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#2
Kristin Lo, Jamie Waterland, Paula Todd, Tanvi Gupta, Margaret Bearman, Craig Hassed, Jennifer L Keating
Effects of interventions for improving mental health of health professional students has not been established. This review analysed interventions to support mental health of health professional students and their effects. The full holdings of Medline, PsycINFO, EBM Reviews, Cinahl Plus, ERIC and EMBASE were searched until 15th April 2016. Inclusion criteria were randomised controlled trials of undergraduate and post graduate health professional students, group interventions to support mental health compared to alternative education, usual curriculum or no intervention; and post-intervention measurements for intervention and control participants of mindfulness, anxiety, depression, stress/distress or burnout...
March 15, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298660/hyperlactatemia-and-cardiac-surgery
#3
REVIEW
Jonathon Minton, David A Sidebotham
The normal blood lactate level is 0-2 mmol/L, and a value above 3-5 mmol/L is variably used to define hyperlactatemia. In cardiac surgical patients, hyperlactatemia can arise from both hypoxic and non-hypoxic mechanisms. The major non-hypoxic mechanism is likely stress-induced accelerated aerobic metabolism, in which elevated lactate results from a mass effect on the lactate/pyruvate equilibrium. The lactate/pyruvate ratio is normal (<20) in this circumstance. Hyperlactatemia can also result from impaired global or regional oxygen delivery, in which case the lactate/pyruvate ratio is typically elevated (>20)...
March 2017: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294294/mother-child-attachment-from-infancy-to-the-preschool-years-predicting-security-and-stability
#4
Elizabeth Meins, Jean-François Bureau, Charles Fernyhough
Relations between maternal mind-mindedness (appropriate and nonattuned mind-related comments), children's age-2 perspective-taking abilities, and attachment security at 44 (n = 165) and 51 (n = 128) months were investigated. Nonattuned comments predicted insecure preschool attachment, via insecure 15-month attachment security (44-month attachment) and poorer age-2 perspective-taking abilities (51-month attachment). With regard to attachment stability, higher perspective-taking abilities distinguished the stable secure groups from (a) the stable insecure groups and (b) children who changed from secure to insecure (at trend level)...
March 10, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291302/psychosocial-group-interventions-to-improve-psychological-well-being-in-adults-living-with-hiv
#5
REVIEW
Ingrid van der Heijden, Naeemah Abrahams, David Sinclair
BACKGROUND: Being diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and labelled with a chronic, life-threatening, and often stigmatizing disease, can impact on a person's well-being. Psychosocial group interventions aim to improve life-functioning and coping as individuals adjust to the diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of psychosocial group interventions for improving the psychological well-being of adults living with HIV/AIDS. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following electronic databases up to 14 March 2016: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) published in the Cochrane Library (Issue 2, 2016), PubMed (MEDLINE) (1996 to 14 March 2016), Embase (1996 to 14 March 2016), and Clinical Trials...
March 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286971/yin-yoga-and-mindfulness-a-five-week-randomized-controlled-study-evaluating-the-effects-of-the-yomi-program-on-stress-and-worry
#6
Frida Hylander, Maria Johansson, Daiva Daukantaitė, Kai Ruggeri
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The YOMI program is a psychoeducational training and physical practice-based program that bridges knowledge from evidence-based psychotherapy with the practice of mindfulness and yin yoga. It consists of 10 content-specific sessions and does not include home assignments. The primary purpose of this randomized controlled trial is to evaluate the effects of the five-week YOMI program on perceived stress, worry and mindfulness in a non-clinical sample. DESIGN AND METHOD: In this randomized controlled trial participants were assigned to two groups...
March 13, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284968/recrudescence-of-symptoms-of-remote-ischemic-stroke-after-a-cerebral-angiogram-report-of-a-case
#7
Stephanie R Falatko, Philip G R Schmalz, Mark Harrigan
BACKGROUND: Recrudescence, or reappearance of previously resolved symptoms of ischemic stroke, may occur after physiological stress. Although this syndrome is generally thought to be uncommon, it may actually account for a significant proportion of stroke mimics. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 67-year-old man was admitted with a Hunt-Hess grade II spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage. He underwent a digital subtraction cerebral angiogram as part of his imaging evaluation. About 30 minutes after the procedure, he developed dysarthria, right facial droop and a right pronator drift...
March 8, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284709/the-next-step-for-stress-research-in-primates-to-identify-relationships-between-glucocorticoid-secretion-and-fitness
#8
REVIEW
Jacinta C Beehner, Thore J Bergman
Glucocorticoids are hormones that mediate the energetic demands that accompany environmental challenges. It is therefore not surprising that these metabolic hormones have come to dominate endocrine research on the health and fitness of wild populations. Yet, several problems have been identified in the vertebrate research that also apply to the non-human primate research. First, glucocorticoids should not be used as a proxy for fitness (unless a link has previously been established between glucocorticoids and fitness for a particular population)...
March 15, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278589/assessment-and-treatment-of-mental-fatigue-after-a-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
Birgitta Johansson, Lars Rönnbäck
Mental fatigue is a frequently occurring symptom after mild, moderate or severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Such mental fatigue may become a long-lasting problem, irrespective of severity and even after recovery from other neurological or psychiatric symptoms. Two characteristics of this mental fatigue are that patients easily become exhausted and there is generally a long recovery time. There is a need to increase knowledge and awareness of mental fatigue as it interferes considerably with work, studies, and social activities...
March 1, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278020/maternal-mind-mindedness-as-a-linking-mechanism-between-childbirth-related-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-and-parenting-stress
#10
Elena Camisasca, Rossella Procaccia, Sarah Miragoli, Giovanni Giulio Valtolina, Paola Di Blasio
The researchers of this study have two aims: The first one is to verify whether PTS symptoms, evaluated at 87 hours and at 3 months post-partum, are associated with MM and parenting stress, measured at 17 months post-partum. The second purpose is to investigate, at 17 months, the predictive effects of PTS symptoms on the dimensions of parenting stress and to explore whether MM mediates these associations. 41 mother-infant dyads participated in the study. The results show that, at 17 months, hyper-arousal symptoms predicted both MM and parenting stress...
February 19, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275643/a-translational-approach-to-clinical-practice-via-stress-responsive-glucocorticoid-receptor-signaling
#11
COMMENT
Mario F Juruena, Bruno Agustini, Anthony J Cleare, Allan H Young
A recent article by Kwan and colleagues could elegantly demonstrate the necessary interaction between neuronal serotonin (5-HT) systems and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis through glucocorticoid receptors (GR), producing an adequate stress response, in this case, responding to hypoxia with an increase in hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPC). There is an intricate system connecting brain, body and mind and this exchange is only possible when all these systems-nervous, endocrine, and immune-have receptors on critical cells to receive information (via messenger molecules) from each of the other systems...
2017: Stem Cell Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271341/mantras-help-the-general-psychological-well-being-of-college-students-a-pilot-study
#12
Aruna Lolla
The mind receives deep effect of harmonizing from incantatory spiritual verse known as "mantra." This ancient Indian spiritual science of sound vibrations had been used to help the mind, body and life. Students in top-ranking colleges often feel pressurized and complain of depression. Mantras could help ease their stress. This work attempts to study the impact of mantra on the psychological well-being of college students. Volunteers selected and listened to the mantra of their choice in the test period. Psychological tests were conducted before and after the test period...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267813/decellularized-scaffold-of-cryopreserved-rat-kidney-retains-its-recellularization-potential
#13
Baldeep Chani, Veena Puri, Ranbir C Sobti, Vivekanand Jha, Sanjeev Puri
The multi-cellular nature of renal tissue makes it the most challenging organ for regeneration. Therefore, till date whole organ transplantations remain the definitive treatment for the end stage renal disease (ESRD). The shortage of available organs for the transplantation has, thus, remained a major concern as well as an unsolved problem. In this regard generation of whole organ scaffold through decellularization followed by regeneration of the whole organ by recellularization is being viewed as a potential alternative for generating functional tissues...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264496/the-role-of-mindfulness-in-reducing-the-adverse-effects-of-childhood-stress-and-trauma
#14
REVIEW
Robin Ortiz, Erica M Sibinga
Research suggests that many children are exposed to adverse experiences in childhood. Such adverse childhood exposures may result in stress and trauma, which are associated with increased morbidity and mortality into adulthood. In general populations and trauma-exposed adults, mindfulness interventions have demonstrated reduced depression and anxiety, reduced trauma-related symptoms, enhanced coping and mood, and improved quality of life. Studies in children and youth also demonstrate that mindfulness interventions improve mental, behavioral, and physical outcomes...
February 28, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263646/psychometric-properties-of-a-polish-version-of-the-inventory-of-cognitive-affect-regulation-strategies-icarus
#15
Urszula Barańczuk, Bogdan Zawadzki, Barbara W Kamholz, Adele M Hayes, Amy Lawrence
The aim of the present study was to develop a Polish version of the Inventory of Cognitive Affect Regulation Strategies (ICARUS) and to examine its psychometric properties in a sample of trauma-exposed individuals. The fidelity of instrument translation was assessed in bilingual retests with 103 undergraduate students of English philology. Psychometric properties were examined in a sample of 1,129 trauma-exposed participants. The Polish version of ICARUS exhibited (a) substantial congruence between item and scale scores with the English version of ICARUS; (b) acceptable internal consistency, ranging from α = ...
March 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263398/randomized-controlled-trial-of-inner-resources-meditation-for-family-dementia-caregivers
#16
Lynn C Waelde, Hilary Meyer, Jason M Thompson, Larry Thompson, Dolores Gallagher-Thompson
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial examined the comparative effectiveness of 2 interventions for improving diurnal cortisol slope and life satisfaction and reducing stress symptoms among older female dementia family caregivers. METHOD: Thirty-one family dementia caregivers were randomized to 8 weeks of Inner Resources for Stress mindfulness meditation and mantra training (IR) or psychoeducation and telephone support (PTS). RESULTS: Intention-to-treat analyses revealed statistically significant pre-post improvements in diurnal cortisol slope and overall life satisfaction, but not depression or self-efficacy, in the IR relative to the PTS group...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261051/the-life-span-model-of-suicide-and-its-neurobiological-foundation
#17
Birgit Ludwig, Bhaskar Roy, Qingzhong Wang, Badari Birur, Yogesh Dwivedi
The very incomprehensibility of the suicidal act has been occupying the minds of researchers and health professionals for a long time. Several theories of suicide have been proposed since the beginning of the past century, and a myriad of neurobiological studies have been conducted over the past two decades in order to elucidate its pathophysiology. Both neurobiology and psychological theories tend to work in parallel lines that need behavioral and empirical data respectively, to confirm their hypotheses. In this review, we are proposing a "Life Span Model of Suicide" with an attempt to integrate the "Stress-Diathesis Model" and the "Interpersonal Model of Suicide" into a neurobiological narrative and support it by providing a thorough compilation of related genetic, epigenetic, and gene expression findings...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251663/emotion-dysregulation-and-autonomic-responses-to-film-rumination-and-body-awareness-extending-psychophysiological-research-to-a-naturalistic-clinical-setting-and-a-chemically-dependent-female-sample
#18
Sheila E Crowell, Cynthia J Price, Megan E Puzia, Mona Yaptangco, Sunny Chieh Cheng
Substance use is a complex clinical problem characterized by emotion dysregulation and daily challenges that can interfere with laboratory research. Thus, few psychophysiological studies examine autonomic and self-report measures of emotion dysregulation with multidiagnostic, chemically dependent samples or extend this work into naturalistic settings. In this study, we used a within-subject design to examine changes in respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), electrodermal activity (EDA), and self-reported affect across three tasks designed to elicit distinct psychophysiological and emotional response patterns...
March 2, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247808/mindfulness-part-2-how-to-reduce-stress
#19
Mandy Day-Calder
Practising mindfulness cannot stop challenging things happening in your life, but it can help you to control your response. Buddhists use an analogy of two arrows to explain this: the first arrow is the actual event which, though difficult or painful, is often outside your control. For example, starting your shift and finding out you are short-staffed yet again. The second arrow is your reaction, which might be to get angry, stressed or grumpy.
March 1, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247409/mindfulness-and-parenting-distress-among-parents-of-children-with-disabilities-a-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Ahmad Rayan, Muayyad Ahmad
PURPOSE: The purpose of this review was to determine the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) for management of parenting distress in parents of children with disabilities. DESIGN: A narrative review was conducted. A search protocol was conducted using Google Scholar, EBSCO, Pubmed, CINAHL, Ovid, and PsycINFO databases up to September 1, 2016. RESULTS: Interventions used a variety of approaches to implement mindfulness training, including MBIs and combined mindfulness and other interventions...
March 1, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
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