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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789260/respondent-driven-sampling-in-a-biomonitoring-study-of-refugees-from-burma-in-buffalo-new-york-who-eat-great-lakes-fish
#1
Ming Liu, Molly McCann, Elizabeth Lewis-Michl, Syni-An Hwang
BACKGROUND: Refugees from Burma who consume fish caught from local waterbodies have increased risk of exposure to environmental contaminants. We used respondent driven sampling (RDS) to sample this hard-to-reach population for the first Biomonitoring of Great Lakes Populations program. In the current study, we examined the interview data and assessed the effectiveness of RDS to sample the unique population. METHODS: In 2013, we used RDS to sample 205 Burmese refugees and immigrants residing in Buffalo, New York who consumed fish caught from Great Lakes waters...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776478/perceptions-of-health-care-professionals-on-the-effects-of-residential-summer-camp-in-their-patients
#2
P Galen DiDomizio, Ann Gillard
PURPOSE: A growing body of literature exists regarding medical specialty camps for children. However, very little of the research focuses on the perspectives of healthcare providers. This study explored perceptions of pediatric healthcare providers on a medical specialty camp for children. DESIGN AND METHODS: Interviews with five volunteer physicians and five nurses were conducted and analyzed using inductive content analysis. RESULTS: Results showed that healthcare providers perceived camp to be a positive influence on campers' normalization and healthcare ownership, and to strengthen patient-provider relationships...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733106/how-do-stimulant-treatments-for-adhd-work-evidence-for-mediation-by-improved-cognition
#3
Larry W Hawk, Whitney D Fosco, Craig R Colder, James G Waxmonsky, William E Pelham, Keri S Rosch
BACKGROUND: Stimulant medications such as methylphenidate (MPH) are the frontline treatment for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Despite their well-documented efficacy, the mechanisms by which stimulants improve clinical outcomes are not clear. The current study evaluated whether MPH effects on classroom behavior were mediated by improved cognitive functioning. METHODS: Children with ADHD (n = 82; 9-12 years old) participated in a week-long summer research camp, consisting of cognitive testing, classroom periods, and recreational activities...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732240/the-effectiveness-of-a-family-centered-childhood-obesity-intervention-at-the-ymca-a-pilot-study
#4
N Gentile, T K Kaufman, J Maxson, D M Klein, S Merten, M Price, L Swenson, A L Weaver, J Brewer, T Rajjo, C Narr, S Ziebarth, B A Lynch
Objective: Community-based, family-centered obesity prevention/treatment initiatives have been shown to be effective in reducing body mass index (BMI) and improving healthy habits in children if implemented with high intensity and sufficient duration. Let's Go! 5-2-1-0 Program (5-2-1-0) was incorporated into family-centered, monthly physical activity classes and cooking classes over six months delivered by Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) staff. We hypothesized that implementation of this intervention would improve 5-2-1-0 knowledge attainment, increase healthy behavior (based on 5- 2-1-0 curriculum), and improve BMI and waist circumference measurements in children...
2018: Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695457/a-digital-microfluidic-system-for-serological-immunoassays-in-remote-settings
#5
Alphonsus H C Ng, Ryan Fobel, Christian Fobel, Julian Lamanna, Darius G Rackus, Aimee Summers, Christopher Dixon, Michael D M Dryden, Charis Lam, Man Ho, Nooman S Mufti, Victor Lee, Mohd Afiq Mohd Asri, Edward A Sykes, M Dean Chamberlain, Rachael Joseph, Maurice Ope, Heather M Scobie, Alaine Knipes, Paul A Rota, Nina Marano, Paul M Chege, Mary Njuguna, Rosemary Nzunza, Ngina Kisangau, John Kiogora, Michael Karuingi, John Wagacha Burton, Peter Borus, Eugene Lam, Aaron R Wheeler
Serosurveys are useful for assessing population susceptibility to vaccine-preventable disease outbreaks. Although at-risk populations in remote areas could benefit from this type of information, they face several logistical barriers to implementation, such as lack of access to centralized laboratories, cold storage, and transport of samples. We describe a potential solution: a compact and portable, field-deployable, point-of-care system relying on digital microfluidics that can rapidly test a small volume of capillary blood for disease-specific antibodies...
April 25, 2018: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674290/the-impact-of-patterns-of-trauma-exposure-among-low-income-children-with-and-without-histories-of-child-maltreatment
#6
Abigail L Rosen, Elizabeth D Handley, Dante Cicchetti, Fred A Rogosch
Previous research has revealed a large prevalence of trauma experienced by children, creating high risk for the development of psychopathology. Research investigating the negative impacts of child maltreatment and other traumas has typically examined these experiences individually, controlling for co-occurring traumas, or has combined these experiences into a general variable of risk, thereby obscuring the complex relationships among environmental traumas and maltreatment. The current study expands on previous research by elucidating relationships between multiple contexts of overlapping traumas and maltreatment experienced by children, and by categorizing how these experiences join together to impact internalizing and externalizing symptomatology...
April 16, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666495/war-and-peace-and-summer-camp
#7
Alex Haslam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616969/decrease-of-hypoglycaemic-episodes-of-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-after-participation-in-a-summer-camp
#8
Kiriaki Papa, Anastasios Vamvakis, Elena Laskaridou, Iliana Mameka, Kiriaki Tsiroukidou, Maria Kiriakou, Konstantina Kosta, Ioannis Ttsanakas, Maria Papagianni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600303/impact-of-changes-in-playing-time-on-playing-related-musculoskeletal-pain-in-string-music-students
#9
Judith Robitaille, Yannick Tousignant-Laflamme, Manon Guay
BACKGROUND: During their training, musicians must develop good work habits that they will carry on throughout their professional career in order to avoid potential chronic health problems, such as musculoskeletal pain. The effect of sudden changes in instrument playing-time on the development of playing-related musculoskeletal pain (PRMP) has not been thoroughly investigated in music students playing bowed string instruments (BSI), even though they are regularly exposed to such changes to perfect their playing skills...
March 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576977/seasonal-temperature-acclimatization-in-a-semi-fossorial-mammal-and-the-role-of-burrows-as-thermal-refuges
#10
Charlotte R Milling, Janet L Rachlow, Mark A Chappell, Meghan J Camp, Timothy R Johnson, Lisa A Shipley, David R Paul, Jennifer S Forbey
Small mammals in habitats with strong seasonal variation in the thermal environment often exhibit physiological and behavioral adaptations for coping with thermal extremes and reducing thermoregulatory costs. Burrows are especially important for providing thermal refuge when above-ground temperatures require high regulatory costs (e.g., water or energy) or exceed the physiological tolerances of an organism. Our objective was to explore the role of burrows as thermal refuges for a small endotherm, the pygmy rabbit ( Brachylagus idahoensis ), during the summer and winter by quantifying energetic costs associated with resting above and below ground...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535183/insl5-activates-multiple-signalling-pathways-and-regulates-glp-1-secretion-in-nci-h716-cells
#11
Sheng Y Ang, Bronwyn A Evans, Daniel P Poole, Romke Bron, Jesse J DiCello, Ross A D Bathgate, Martina Kocan, Dana S Hutchinson, Roger J Summers
Insulin-like peptide 5 (INSL5) is a newly discovered gut hormone expressed in colonic enteroendocrine L-cells but little is known about its biological function. Here, we show using RT-qPCR and in situ hybridisation that Insl5 mRNA is highly expressed in the mouse colonic mucosa, colocalised with proglucagon immunoreactivity. In comparison, mRNA for RXFP4 (the cognate receptor for INSL5) is expressed in various mouse tissues, including the intestinal tract. We show that the human enteroendocrine L-cell model NCI-H716 cell line, and goblet-like colorectal cell lines SW1463 and LS513 endogenously express RXFP4...
April 2018: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530472/medical-services-at-an-international-summer-camp-event-under-hot-and-humid-conditions-experiences-from-the-23rd-world-scout-jamboree-japan
#12
Takemasa Watanabe, Keiji Mizutani, Toshiyasu Iwai, Hiroshi Nakashima
INTRODUCTION: The 23rd World Scout Jamboree (WSJ) was a 10-day summer camp held in Japan in 2015 under hot and humid conditions. The attendees comprised 33,628 people from 155 countries and territories. The aim of this study was to examine the provision of medical services under such conditions and to identify preventive factors for major diseases among long-term campers. METHODS: Data were obtained from WSJ medical center records and examined to clarify the effects of age, sex, and period on visit frequencies and rates...
March 9, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462832/-pulmonary-medicine-and-its-institutions-during-national-socialism
#13
R Loddenkemper, N Konietzko, V Seehausen
When the National Socialists came to power in 1933, a complete paradigm shift took place in the health policy under the principle "Public interest ahead of self-interest". In the early years there was an intense discussion about whether tuberculosis (TB) is more caused by heredity or by infection. Finally, the arguments of leading TB specialists were accepted that TB is predominantly an infectious disease. In 1939, the year Germany started World War II, TB mortality was at its lowest, with only a few countries having lower rates...
February 2018: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441711/effects-of-residential-summer-camp-on-body-mass-index-and-body-composition-in-type-1-diabetes
#14
Jon D Oden, Brian Franklin, Ernesto Fernandez, Soumya Adhikari, Perrin C White
BACKGROUND: Body mass index (BMI) and fat mass may be higher in children with diabetes compared to healthy peers. It is not certain how diabetic children respond to exercise and diet interventions. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of summer camp on BMI and body composition in children with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Five hundred eighty-six children (5-19 years, 518 with type 1 diabetes, 68 without diabetes) were followed while attending camp...
February 13, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382089/estimation-of-the-land-surface-temperature-over-the-tibetan-plateau-by-using-chinese-fy-2c-geostationary-satellite-data
#15
Yuanyuan Hu, Lei Zhong, Yaoming Ma, Mijun Zou, Kepiao Xu, Ziyu Huang, Lu Feng
During the process of land-atmosphere interaction, one of the essential parameters is the land surface temperature (LST). The LST has high temporal variability, especially in its diurnal cycle, which cannot be acquired by polar-orbiting satellites. Therefore, it is of great practical significance to retrieve LST data using geostationary satellites. According to the data of FengYun 2C (FY-2C) satellite and the measurements from the Enhanced Observing Period (CEOP) of the Asia-Australia Monsoon Project (CAMP) on the Tibetan Plateau (CAMP/Tibet), a regression approach was utilized in this research to optimize the split window algorithm (SWA)...
January 28, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325483/characterization-of-vaccination-policies-for-attendance-and-employment-at-day-summer-camps-in-new-york-state
#16
William A Prescott, Kelsey C Violanti, Nicholas M Fusco
INTRODUCTION: New York state requires day/summer camps to keep immunization records for all enrolled campers and strongly recommends requiring vaccination for all campers and staff. The objective of this study was to characterize immunization requirements/recommendations for children/adolescents enrolled in and staff employed at day/summer camps in New York state. METHODS: An electronic hyperlink to a 9-question survey instrument was distributed via e-mail to 178 day/summer camps located in New York state cities with a population size greater than 100 000 people...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237795/the-headache-of-terror-a-matched-cohort-study-of-adolescents-from-the-ut%C3%A3-ya-and-the-hunt-study
#17
Synne Øien Stensland, John-Anker Zwart, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Grete Dyb
OBJECTIVE: To elaborate the risk of headache among adolescent survivors exposed to terror. METHODS: On July 22, 2011, a lone man opened gunfire, killing 69 people at a summer camp for adolescents on the Utøya islet in Norway. All 358 adolescent survivors 13 to 20 years of age were invited to participate in the Utøya interview study. Among the 213 (59%) respondents, half (49%) were male, the mean age was 17.7 years, and 13 (6%) were severely injured. For each survivor, 8 matched controls were drawn from the population-based Young-HUNT3 Study, conducted between 2006 and 2008, with a participation rate of 73%...
January 9, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235898/flash-glucose-measurements-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-in-real-life-settings-to-trust-or-not-to-trust
#18
Agnieszka Szadkowska, Andrzej Gawrecki, Arkadiusz Michalak, Dorota Zozulińska-Ziółkiewicz, Wojciech Fendler, Wojciech Młynarski
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To evaluate the clinical accuracy of a flash glucose monitoring device FreeStyle Libre (FSL) among children with type 1 diabetes in real-world settings during a summer camp. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During a summer camp, children with type 1 diabetes (n = 79, aged 8-18 years) were provided with FSLs for 12 days. On days 3, 7, and 11 of the study, they underwent supervised glucose testing at 8 timepoints. Glycemia was estimated by using FSL and measured with a personal glucometer within a period of 2 min...
January 2018: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210955/comparison-between-power-off-ice-test-and-performance-on-ice-anaerobic-testing
#19
Vincent Gosselin Boucher, Andrée-Anne Parent, Fanie St-Jean Miron, Mario Leone, Alain Steve Comtois
The importance of specific testing has been shown in ice hockey performance and the understanding and connection between them may lead to adapting training and follow up in elite athletes. The aim of the present study was to compare two off-ice power tests with performances on ice with a complete professional hockey team. The broad jump test and the vertical jump test were used for the off-ice evaluations, while the SAS-40 and the repeated skate sprint modify (RSSm) tests were used as the performance variables...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185874/-she-finally-smiles-%C3%A2-for-real-reducing-depressive-symptoms-and-bolstering-resilience-through-a-camp-intervention-for-lgbtq-youth
#20
Traci K Gillig, Lynn C Miller, Courtney M Cox
While summer camps are a recognized evidence-based strategy for building social and emotional skills among youth (U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2009), no known studies have evaluated the effects of camp programming for LGBTQ youth in the United States. This pilot study evaluates a novel program (Brave Trails) for LGBTQ youth ages 12 to 20, using a pre-post camper survey (N = 56) and a post-camp parent survey (N = 54). Results show campers experienced increases in identity affirmation and hope and a reduction in depressive symptoms...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
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