keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

NuRD

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935866/hic1-hypermethylated-in-cancer-1-sumoylation-is-dispensable-for-dna-repair-but-is-essential-for-the-apoptotic-dna-damage-response-ddr-to-irreparable-dna-double-strand-breaks-dsbs
#1
Sonia Paget, Marion Dubuissez, Vanessa Dehennaut, Joe Nassour, Brennan T Harmon, Nathalie Spruyt, Ingrid Loison, Corinne Abbadie, Brian R Rood, Dominique Leprince
The tumor suppressor gene HIC1 (Hypermethylated In Cancer 1) encodes a transcriptional repressor mediating the p53-dependent apoptotic response to irreparable DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) through direct transcriptional repression of SIRT1. HIC1 is also essential for DSB repair as silencing of endogenous HIC1 in BJ-hTERT fibroblasts significantly delays DNA repair in functional Comet assays. HIC1 SUMOylation favours its interaction with MTA1, a component of NuRD complexes. In contrast with irreparable DSBs induced by 16-hours of etoposide treatment, we show that repairable DSBs induced by 1 h etoposide treatment do not increase HIC1 SUMOylation or its interaction with MTA1...
December 7, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909100/lhx2-interacts-with-the-nurd-complex-and-regulates-cortical-neuron-subtype-determinants-fezf2-and-sox11
#2
Bhavana Muralidharan, Zeba Khatri, Upasana Maheshwari, Ritika Gupta, Basabdatta Roy, Saurabh J Pradhan, Krishanpal Karmodiya, Hari Padmanabhan, Ashwin Shetty, Chinthapalli Balaji, Ullas Kolthur-Seetharam, Jeffrey D Macklis, Sanjeev Galande, Shubha Tole
: In the developing cerebral cortex, sequential transcriptional programs take neuroepithelial cells from proliferating progenitors to differentiated neurons with unique molecular identities. The regulatory changes that occur in the chromatin of the progenitors are not well understood. During deep layer neurogenesis, we show that transcription factor Lhx2 binds to distal regulatory elements of Fezf2 and Sox11, critical determinants of neuron subtype identity in the mouse neocortex. We demonstrate that Lhx2 binds to the NuRD histone remodeling complex subunits LSD1, HDAC2, and RBBP4, which are proximal regulators of the epigenetic state of chromatin...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894081/mbd3-inhibits-formation-of-liver-cancer-stem-cells
#3
Ruizhi Li, Qihua He, Shuo Han, Mingzhi Zhang, Jinwen Liu, Ming Su, Shiruo Wei, Xuan Wang, Li Shen
Liver cancer cells can be reprogrammed into induced cancer stem cells (iCSCs) by exogenous expression of the reprogramming transcription factors Oct4, Sox2, Klf4 and c-Myc (OSKM). The nucleosome remodeling and deacetylase (NuRD) complex is essential for reprogramming somatic cells. In this study, we investigated the function of NuRD in the induction of liver CSCs. We showed that suppression of methyl-CpG binding domain protein 3 (MBD3), a core subunit of the NuRD repressor complex, together with OSKM transduction, induces conversion of liver cancer cells into stem-like cells...
November 22, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806305/a-functional-switch-of-nurd-chromatin-remodeling-complex-subunits-regulates-mouse-cortical-development
#4
Justyna Nitarska, Jacob G Smith, William T Sherlock, Michele M G Hillege, Alexi Nott, William D Barshop, Ajay A Vashisht, James A Wohlschlegel, Richard Mitter, Antonella Riccio
Histone modifications and chromatin remodeling represent universal mechanisms by which cells adapt their transcriptional response to rapidly changing environmental conditions. Extensive chromatin remodeling takes place during neuronal development, allowing the transition of pluripotent cells into differentiated neurons. Here, we report that the NuRD complex, which couples ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling with histone deacetylase activity, regulates mouse brain development. Subunit exchange of CHDs, the core ATPase subunits of the NuRD complex, is required for distinct aspects of cortical development...
November 1, 2016: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793668/zip-restores-estrogen-receptor-expression-and-response-to-tamoxifen-in-estrogen-receptor-negative-tumors
#5
Ning Zhu, Jing Zhang, Xiaodong Qin, Ruidong Miao, Yuping Du, Jinbo Yang
As a component of NURD histone deacetylase complex, ZIP serves as a tumor suppressor gene in the development of breast tumors. However, whether it takes part in chemotherapy resistance remains poorly defined. In the present study, we reported that ZIP enhanced the response to SERM chemotherapy in ER-negative cells. Overexpression of ZIP suppressed EGFR expression level and restored ERalpha protein level in cells resistant to Tamoxifen. In vivo data confirmed those in vitro findings.
October 25, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773593/foxk2-elicits-massive-transcription-repression-and-suppresses-the-hypoxic-response-and-breast-cancer-carcinogenesis
#6
Lin Shan, Xing Zhou, Xinhua Liu, Yue Wang, Dongxue Su, Yongqiang Hou, Na Yu, Chao Yang, Beibei Liu, Jie Gao, Yang Duan, Jianguo Yang, Wanjin Li, Jing Liang, Luyang Sun, Kexin Chen, Chenghao Xuan, Lei Shi, Yan Wang, Yongfeng Shang
Although clinically associated with severe developmental defects, the biological function of FOXK2 remains poorly explored. Here we report that FOXK2 interacts with transcription corepressor complexes NCoR/SMRT, SIN3A, NuRD, and REST/CoREST to repress a cohort of genes including HIF1β and EZH2 and to regulate several signaling pathways including the hypoxic response. We show that FOXK2 inhibits the proliferation and invasion of breast cancer cells and suppresses the growth and metastasis of breast cancer. Interestingly, FOXK2 is transactivated by ERα and transrepressed via reciprocal successive feedback by HIF1β/EZH2...
November 14, 2016: Cancer Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732854/zmynd8-co-localizes-with-nurd-on-target-genes-and-regulates-poly-adp-ribose-dependent-recruitment-of-gatad2a-nurd-to-sites-of-dna-damage
#7
Cornelia G Spruijt, Martijn S Luijsterburg, Roberta Menafra, Rik G H Lindeboom, Pascal W T C Jansen, Raghu Ram Edupuganti, Marijke P Baltissen, Wouter W Wiegant, Moritz C Voelker-Albert, Filomena Matarese, Anneloes Mensinga, Ina Poser, Harmjan R Vos, Hendrik G Stunnenberg, Haico van Attikum, Michiel Vermeulen
NuRD (nucleosome remodeling and histone deacetylase) is a versatile multi-protein complex with roles in transcription regulation and the DNA damage response. Here, we show that ZMYND8 bridges NuRD to a number of putative DNA-binding zinc finger proteins. The MYND domain of ZMYND8 directly interacts with PPPLΦ motifs in the NuRD subunit GATAD2A. Both GATAD2A and GATAD2B exclusively form homodimers and define mutually exclusive NuRD subcomplexes. ZMYND8 and NuRD share a large number of genome-wide binding sites, mostly active promoters and enhancers...
October 11, 2016: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673553/regulated-and-functional-expression-of-the-corepressor-mta3-in-rodent-testis
#8
Ke He, Hu Qu, Hui Wang, Shun Zhang, Xin-Hong Qian, Wei Li
Metastasis-associated protein 3 (MTA3) is a subunit of the Mi-2/nucleosome remodeling and deacetylase (NuRD) protein complex, with relevant roles in the regulation of cancerous epithelial to mesenchymal transition (ETM) in an estrogen-dependent manner, recently involved in the modulation of different physiological processes. Although these findings connect MTA3 expression with hormonal signaling in various systems, little is known about whether this relationship is conserved in testis where hormonal action is intensive...
September 27, 2016: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650712/mbd3-expression-and-dna-binding-patterns-are-altered-in-a-rat-model-of-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#9
Joanna Bednarczyk, Konrad J Dębski, Anna M Bot, Katarzyna Lukasiuk
The aim of the present study was to examine involvement of MBD3 (methyl-CpG-binding domain protein 3), a protein involved in reading DNA methylation patterns, in epileptogenesis and epilepsy. We used a well-characterized rat model of temporal lobe epilepsy that is triggered by status epilepticus, evoked by electrical stimulation of the amygdala. Stimulated and sham-operated animals were sacrificed 14 days after stimulation. We found that MBD3 transcript was present in neurons, oligodendrocytes, and astrocytes in both control and epileptic animals...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633282/pathogenesis-of-b%C3%A3-rjeson-forssman-lehmann-syndrome-insights-from-phf6-function
#10
REVIEW
Arezu Jahani-Asl, Cheng Cheng, Chi Zhang, Azad Bonni
Intellectual disability encompasses a large set of neurodevelopmental disorders of cognition that are more common in males than females. Although mutations in over 100 X-linked genes associated to intellectual disability have been identified, only a few X-linked intellectual disability proteins have been intensively studied. Hence, the molecular mechanisms underlying the majority of X-linked intellectual disability disorders remain poorly understood. A substantial fraction of X-linked intellectual disability genes encode nuclear proteins, suggesting that elucidating their functions in the regulation of transcription may provide novel insights into the pathogenesis of intellectual disability...
December 2016: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606067/the-nurd-complex-component-p66-suppresses-photoreceptor-neuron-regeneration-in-planarians
#11
Constanza Vásquez-Doorman, Christian P Petersen
Regeneration involves precise control of cell fate to produce an appropriate complement of tissues formed within a blastema. Several chromatin-modifying complexes have been identified as required for regeneration in planarians, but it is unclear whether this class of molecules uniformly promotes the production of differentiated cells. We identify a function for p66, encoding a DNA-binding protein component of the NuRD (nucleosome remodeling and deacetylase) complex, as well as the chromodomain helicase chd4, in suppressing production of photoreceptor neurons (PRNs) in planarians...
June 2016: Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603575/repression-of-neuronal-nitric-oxide-nnos-synthesis-by-mta1-is-involved-in-oxidative-stress-induced-neuronal-damage
#12
Zi-Jun Gao, Jie Min, Xu-Cai Wu, Tian Yang, Chang-You Yan, Bu-Huai Dong, Tao Zhang
The Metastasis-associated protein 1 (MTA1) coregulator, an essential component of the nucleosome remodeling and deacetylase (NuRD) complex, potentiates neuroprotective effects against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. But the underlying mechanism(s) remain largely unknown. Here, we discovered that neuronal MTA1 was a target of oxidative stress, and stimulation of neurons with oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD) treatment significantly inhibited MTA1 expression. Additionally, MTA1 depletion augmented ischemic oxidative stress and thus promoted oxidative stress-induced neuronal cell death by OGD...
October 7, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570688/circumferential-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-imaging-of-the-swine-esophagus-using-a-micromotor-balloon-catheter
#13
Hsiang-Chieh Lee, Osman Oguz Ahsen, Kaicheng Liang, Zhao Wang, Cody Cleveland, Lucas Booth, Benjamin Potsaid, Vijaysekhar Jayaraman, Alex E Cable, Hiroshi Mashimo, Robert Langer, Giovanni Traverso, James G Fujimoto
We demonstrate a micromotor balloon imaging catheter for ultrahigh speed endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) which provides wide area, circumferential structural and angiographic imaging of the esophagus without contrast agents. Using a 1310 nm MEMS tunable wavelength swept VCSEL light source, the system has a 1.2 MHz A-scan rate and ~8.5 µm axial resolution in tissue. The micromotor balloon catheter enables circumferential imaging of the esophagus at 240 frames per second (fps) with a ~30 µm (FWHM) spot size...
August 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524420/twist1-promotes-breast-cancer-invasion-and-metastasis-by-silencing-foxa1-expression
#14
Y Xu, L Qin, T Sun, H Wu, T He, Z Yang, Q Mo, L Liao, J Xu
The heterogeneous breast cancers can be classified into different subtypes according to their histopathological characteristics and molecular signatures. Foxa1 expression is linked with luminal breast cancer (LBC) with good prognosis, whereas Twist1 expression is associated with basal-like breast cancer (BLBC) with poor prognosis owing to its role in promoting epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), invasiveness and metastasis. However, the regulatory and functional relationships between Twist1 and Foxa1 in breast cancer progression are unknown...
August 15, 2016: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503074/toxoplasma-gondii-tgist-co-opts-host-chromatin-repressors-dampening-stat1-dependent-gene-regulation-and-ifn-%C3%AE-mediated-host-defenses
#15
Gabrielle Gay, Laurence Braun, Marie-Pierre Brenier-Pinchart, Julien Vollaire, Véronique Josserand, Rose-Laurence Bertini, Aurélie Varesano, Bastien Touquet, Pieter-Jan De Bock, Yohann Coute, Isabelle Tardieux, Alexandre Bougdour, Mohamed-Ali Hakimi
An early hallmark of Toxoplasma gondii infection is the rapid control of the parasite population by a potent multifaceted innate immune response that engages resident and homing immune cells along with pro- and counter-inflammatory cytokines. In this context, IFN-γ activates a variety of T. gondii-targeting activities in immune and nonimmune cells but can also contribute to host immune pathology. T. gondii has evolved mechanisms to timely counteract the host IFN-γ defenses by interfering with the transcription of IFN-γ-stimulated genes...
August 22, 2016: Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491823/research-highlights
#16
(no author information available yet)
In this issue, we highlight a report by Hiraoka et al. that provides insight into the signalling pathways that regulate the transition from meiotic prophase I to metaphase I; work by Franco et al. that shows how communication between clonal cancer cells promotes tumour growth; and a study by Zhang, Aubert et al. that identifies a core NuRD chromatin remodelling complex.
August 2016: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471257/sall4-controls-differentiation-of-pluripotent-cells-independently-of-the-nucleosome-remodelling-and-deacetylation-nurd-complex
#17
Anzy Miller, Meryem Ralser, Susan L Kloet, Remco Loos, Ryuichi Nishinakamura, Paul Bertone, Michiel Vermeulen, Brian Hendrich
Sall4 is an essential transcription factor for early mammalian development and is frequently overexpressed in cancer. Although it is reported to play an important role in embryonic stem cell (ESC) self-renewal, whether it is an essential pluripotency factor has been disputed. Here, we show that Sall4 is dispensable for mouse ESC pluripotency. Sall4 is an enhancer-binding protein that prevents precocious activation of the neural gene expression programme in ESCs but is not required for maintenance of the pluripotency gene regulatory network...
September 1, 2016: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418512/chromatin-remodeling-inactivates-activity-genes-and-regulates-neural-coding
#18
Yue Yang, Tomoko Yamada, Kelly K Hill, Martin Hemberg, Naveen C Reddy, Ha Y Cho, Arden N Guthrie, Anna Oldenborg, Shane A Heiney, Shogo Ohmae, Javier F Medina, Timothy E Holy, Azad Bonni
Activity-dependent transcription influences neuronal connectivity, but the roles and mechanisms of inactivation of activity-dependent genes have remained poorly understood. Genome-wide analyses in the mouse cerebellum revealed that the nucleosome remodeling and deacetylase (NuRD) complex deposits the histone variant H2A.z at promoters of activity-dependent genes, thereby triggering their inactivation. Purification of translating messenger RNAs from synchronously developing granule neurons (Sync-TRAP) showed that conditional knockout of the core NuRD subunit Chd4 impairs inactivation of activity-dependent genes when neurons undergo dendrite pruning...
July 15, 2016: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27414498/toxoplasma-effector-recruits-the-mi-2-nurd-complex-to-repress-stat1-transcription-and-block-ifn-%C3%AE-dependent-gene-expression
#19
Philipp Olias, Ronald D Etheridge, Yong Zhang, Michael J Holtzman, L David Sibley
Interferon gamma (IFN-γ) is an essential mediator of host defense against intracellular pathogens, including the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii. However, prior T. gondii infection blocks IFN-γ-dependent gene transcription, despite the downstream transcriptional activator STAT1 being activated and bound to cognate nuclear promoters. We identify the parasite effector that blocks STAT1-dependent transcription and show it is associated with recruitment of the Mi-2 nucleosome remodeling and deacetylase (NuRD) complex, a chromatin-modifying repressor...
July 13, 2016: Cell Host & Microbe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378074/loss-of-histone-deacetylase-hdac1-induces-cell-death-in-drosophila-epithelial-cells-through-jnk-and-hippo-signaling
#20
Tianyi Zhang, Zhentao Sheng, Wei Du
Inactivation of HDAC1 and its homolog HDAC2 or addition of HDAC inhibitors in mammalian systems induces apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, and developmental defects. Although these phenotypes have been extensively characterized, the precise underlying mechanisms remain unclear, particularly in in vivo settings. In this study, we show that inactivation of Rpd3, the only HDAC1 and HDAC2 ortholog in Drosophila, induced apoptosis and clone elimination in the developing eye and wing imaginal discs. Depletion of Rpd3 by RNAi cell-autonomously increased JNK activities and decreased activities of Yki, the nuclear effecter of Hippo signaling pathway...
August 2016: Mechanisms of Development
keyword
keyword
38860
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"