Read by QxMD icon Read


Marco Tucci, Stefania Stucci, Anna Passarelli, Stella D'Oronzo, Franco Silvestris
Interleukin-17A (IL-17A) promotes the osteoclast (OC)-like differentiation of dendritic cells (DCs) in multiple myeloma (MM), and contributes to the pathogenesis of myeloma bone disease (MBD). In our study, EVR significantly abrogated the in vitro OC-like activity of DCs from 12 MM patients. Exploring the EVR effects, we found that the inhibition of the osteo-erosive activity of OC-DCs was mostly due to the blockade of signals driven by the IL-17A receptor toward CEBPbeta/MAFB axis Therefore, MM patients with MBD would probably benefit from mTOR inhibition...
October 17, 2016: Experimental Hematology
Motoko Tanaka, Kazuki Yoshida, Shingo Fukuma, Kazuko Ito, Kazutaka Matsushita, Masafumi Fukagawa, Shunichi Fukuhara, Tadao Akizawa
OBJECTIVES: Anemia is an important prognostic factor in hemodialysis patients. It has been reported that parathyroidectomy ameliorates anemia and reduces the requirement of postoperative erythropoiesis-stimulating agents. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of cinacalcet, which is considered as a pharmacological parathyroidectomy, on anemia in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: We used data from a prospective cohort of Japanese hemodialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism; the criteria were: intact parathyroid hormone concentrations ≥ 180 pg/mL or use of an intravenous or oral vitamin D receptor activator...
2016: PloS One
Mohana Krishnan Baskar, Prakhya Balakrishna Murthy
Effects of pyrethroids (beta-cyfluthrin, bifenthrin, cypermethrin, deltamethrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, and permethrin) on the burst parameters (mean burst rate [MBR], percent spikes in burst [PSB], mean burst duration [MBD], mean spikes in burst [MSB], mean interspike interval in burst [MISIB], and mean interburst interval [MIBI]) have been investigated using the microelectrode array technique. Rat cortical neuronal networks (between 24 and 35 DIV) were exposed to the five accumulative concentrations of pyrethroids (0...
October 13, 2016: Neurotoxicology
Nathan K Archer, Nithin D Adappa, James N Palmer, Noam A Cohen, Jan M Harro, Steven K Lee, Lloyd S Miller, Mark E Shirtliff
Approximately 20% of the population is persistently colonized by S. aureus in the nares. Th17-like immune responses mediated by the IL-17 family of cytokines and neutrophils are becoming recognized as relevant host defense mechanisms for resolution of S. aureus mucocutaneous infections. Since antimicrobial peptides are regulated by the IL-17 cytokines, we sought to determine the role of IL-17 cytokines in production of antimicrobial peptides in a murine model of S. aureus nasal carriage. We discovered that nasal tissue supernatants have anti-staphylococcal activity, and mice deficient in both IL-17A and IL-17F lost the ability to clear S...
October 10, 2016: Infection and Immunity
Pablo Molina, José L Górriz, Sandra Beltrán, Belén Vizcaino, Luis M Pallardó
Although some experimental targets involved in calcium deposition are emerging, no intervention has been described to reliably reverse vascular calcification (VC). We report a case of severe VC regression in a parathyroidectomized patient on hemodialysis over 12-year follow-up, highlighting the use of calcium-free phosphate binders and a 2.5 mEq/L calcium dialysate for reducing calcium loading, despite persistent asymptomatic hypocalcemia occurrences. This case suggests that phosphate-binder choice and calcium dialysate concentration could be influenced by other components of CKD-MBD besides biochemical parameters, such as the presence of VC, so concluding that asymptomatic hypocalcemia may not be as harmful as once supposed, and conferring greater prognostic weight to the presence of VC than to calcium levels...
October 10, 2016: Clinical Nephrology
Giuseppe Cianciolo, Mario Cozzolino
During the last decade, a new view into the molecular mechanisms of chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorder (CKD-MBD) has been proposed, with fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) as a novel player in the field. Enhanced serum FGF23 levels cause a reduction in serum phosphate, together with calcitriol suppression and consequent hyperparathyroidism (HPT). In contrast, reduced serum FGF23 levels are associated with hyperphosphatemia, higher calcitriol levels and parathyroid hormone (PTH) suppression. In addition, serum FGF23 levels are greatly increased and positively correlated with serum phosphate levels in CKD patients...
October 2016: Clinical Kidney Journal
Weilan Wu, Xuguang Feng, Ye Yuan, Ying Liu, Meiyu Li, Jianguo Bin, Yunbin Xiao, Wangjun Liao, Yulin Liao, Wenzhu Zhang, Jianping Bin
PURPOSE: Ultrasound molecular imaging (UMI) has potential to evaluate an inflammatory profile of endothelium. However, it is less successful in large arteries. This study compared magnetic microbubbles (MBs) selectively targeted to endothelial P-selectin and dual-targeting MBs in vitro and in vivo. PROCEDURES: MBs were modified with P-selectin antibody (MBPM) or isotype control antibody (MBCM) via a magnetic streptavidin bridge, and MBs were conjugated to P-selectin antibody (MBP) or both P-selectin antibody and PAA-sialyl Lewis(x) (MBD) via regular streptavidin linker...
September 26, 2016: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
Samine Boloursaz, Sirous Nekooei, Farrokh Seilanian Toosi, Hossein Rezaei-Dalouei, Behrooz Davachi, Sahar Kazemi, Bita Abbasi
Objectives. The aim of this article is to represent the first reported case with cooccurrence of two rare alcohol related complications. Case Report. We report a 38-year-old man with chronic alcoholism who presented with both cranial and peripheral nerve palsy. On MRI examination characteristic findings of Marchiafava-Bignami disease were recognized. Discussion. Marchiafava-Bignami disease (MBD) is a rare complication of long-term, heavy alcohol abuse that has characteristic MRI findings. Acute alcohol related polyneuropathy (AARP) is another rare and not-well-understood complication of chronic alcohol abuse...
2016: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
Jinhee Lee, Wataru Yoshida, Koichi Abe, Kazuhiko Nakabayashi, Hironobu Wakeda, Kenichiro Hata, Christophe A Marquette, Loïc J Blum, Koji Sode, Kazunori Ikebukuro
DNA methylation level at a certain gene region is considered as a new type of biomarker for diagnosis and its miniaturized and rapid detection system is required for diagnosis. Here we have developed a simple electrochemical detection system for DNA methylation using methyl CpG-binding domain (MBD) and a glucose dehydrogenase (GDH)-fused zinc finger protein. This analytical system consists of three steps: (1) methylated DNA collection by MBD, (2) PCR amplification of a target genomic region among collected methylated DNA, and (3) electrochemical detection of the PCR products using a GDH-fused zinc finger protein...
September 17, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Chu Zhou, Fang Wang, Jin-Wei Wang, Lu-Xia Zhang, Ming-Hui Zhao
BACKGROUND: Mineral and bone disorder (MBD), especially hyperphosphatemia, is an independently risk factor for adverse prognosis in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, CKD-MBD among Chinese population was poorly studied. This study aimed to investigate the status of MBD and its association with cardiovascular parameters in Chinese patients with predialysis CKD. METHODS: Chinese Cohort Study of Chronic Kidney Disease (C-STRIDE) is a prospective multicenter cohort study involving predialysis CKD patients in China...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
(no author information available yet)
Myeloma bone disease (MBD), the skeletal lesions caused by multiple myeloma, is also known as skeletal related events and includes bone pain, osteoporosis, pathological fractures, osteolytic bone lesions, spinal instability, spinal cord and nerve root compression and extramedullary plasmacytoma. It is now generally accepted that patients with these complications usually require surgical management and that such treatment is safe and effective. The aims of surgical interventions are to alleviate pain, improve quality of life, treat potential or existing pathological fractures, decompress the spinal cord and nerve roots, and reestablish bone continuity...
August 2016: Orthopaedic Surgery
Ruijie Shi, Jiahui Zhang, Jingyuan Li, Ketao Wang, Haiying Jia, Lin Zhang, Putong Wang, Jun Yin, Fanrong Meng, Yongchun Li
DNA methylation is a major epigenetic marker in plants that plays a crucial role in transcriptional and developmental regulation. The DNA methylation 'code' is thought to be 'read' by a set of proteins containing methyl-CpG-binding domain (MBD). However, little is known about MBD genes in common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Here, we report the isolation and characterization of TaMBD6 and its homeologues (TaMBD6_A, TaMBD6_B, and TaMBD6_D) in hexaploid wheat. The cDNA was quite different among the three homeologues and InDel mutations were detected in 5'-UTR and coding region...
September 1, 2016: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Anneleen Decock, Maté Ongenaert, Bram De Wilde, Bénédicte Brichard, Rosa Noguera, Frank Speleman, Jo Vandesompele
Stage 4S neuroblastoma (NB) is a special type of NB found in infants with metastases at diagnosis and is associated with an excellent outcome due to its remarkable capacity to undergo spontaneous regression. As genomics have not been able to explain this intriguing clinical presentation, we here aimed at profiling the DNA methylome of stage 4S NB to better understand this phenomenon. To this purpose, differential methylation analyses between International Neuroblastoma Staging System (INSS) stage 4S, stage 4 and stage 1/2 were performed, using methyl-CpG-binding domain (MBD) sequencing data of 14 stage 4S, 14 stage 4, and 13 stage 1/2 primary NB tumors (all MYCN non-amplified in order not to confound results)...
September 6, 2016: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
Yao Jiang, Zhixiang Shen, Jingjing Zhang, Changying Xing, Xiaoming Zha, Chong Shen, Ming Zeng, Guang Yang, Huijuan Mao, Bo Zhang, Xiangbao Yu, Bin Sun, Chun Ouyang, Yifei Ge, Lina Zhang, Chen Cheng, Jing Zhang, Caixia Yin, Huimin Chen, Ningning Wang
BACKGROUND: In chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, decreased heart rate variability (HRV) reflects impaired cardiac automatic nervous function and high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Lower HRV in patients with severe secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT), a clinical manifestation of CKD-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD), could be reversed by parathyroidectomy (PTX). It has been proved that leptin interacts with the autonomic nervous function. However, the associations between leptin and HRV in CKD patients and their longitudinal changes in SHPT patients after PTX are still unknown...
2016: American Journal of Nephrology
Jordi Bover, Pablo Ureña-Torres, José Luis Górriz, María Jesús Lloret, Iara da Silva, César Ruiz-García, Pamela Chang, Mariano Rodríguez, José Ballarín
Cardiovascular (CV) calcification is a highly prevalent condition at all stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and is directly associated with increased CV and global morbidity and mortality. In the first part of this review, we have shown that CV calcifications represent an important part of the CKD-MBD complex and are a superior predictor of clinical outcomes in our patients. However, it is also necessary to demonstrate that CV calcification is a modifiable risk factor including the possibility of decreasing (or at least not aggravating) its progression with iatrogenic manoeuvres...
August 29, 2016: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
C Stirzaker, J Z Song, W Ng, Q Du, N J Armstrong, W J Locke, A L Statham, H French, R Pidsley, F Valdes-Mora, E Zotenko, S J Clark
Cancer is characterised by DNA hypermethylation and gene silencing of CpG island-associated promoters, including tumour-suppressor genes. The methyl-CpG-binding domain (MBD) family of proteins bind to methylated DNA and can aid in the mediation of gene silencing through interaction with histone deacetylases and histone methyltransferases. However, the mechanisms responsible for eliciting CpG island hypermethylation in cancer, and the potential role that MBD proteins play in modulation of the methylome remain unclear...
September 5, 2016: Oncogene
Sharon M Moe
Disordered calcium balance and homeostasis are common in patients with chronic kidney disease. Such alterations are commonly associated with abnormal bone remodeling, directly and indirectly. Similarly, positive calcium balance may also be a factor in the pathogenesis of extra skeletal soft tissue and arterial calcification. Calcium may directly affect cardiac structure and function through direct effects to alter cell signaling due to abnormal intracellular calcium homeostasis 2) extra-skeletal deposition of calcium and phosphate in the myocardium and small cardiac arterioles, 3) inducing cardiomyocyte hypertrophy through calcium and hormone activation of NFAT signaling mechanisms, and 4) increased aorta calcification resulting in chronic increased afterload leading to hypertrophy...
August 27, 2016: Bone
Nobuki Hayakawa, Atsushi Suzuki
Metabolic bone disorders that are represented by secondary hyperparathyroidism occur with the progression of chronic kidney disease(CKD). The administration of activated vitamin D is expected to improve high-turnover bone disorders and is widely used for the management of bone mineral diseases in patients with CKD and end-stage renal disease. CKD is an underlying disease of secondary osteoporosis and coexists with primary osteoporosis at a high rate. With regard to osteoporosis patients with renal insufficiency, the administration of activated vitamin D is also thought to reduce the fracture incidence by both increasing bone mass and reducing falls...
September 2016: Clinical Calcium
Takayuki Hamano, Chikako Nakano
The authors of Freedom study enrolling primary osteoporosis patients argued that the anti-fracture effect of denosmab is not dependent on baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate(eGFR)by showing the non-significant interaction term between treatment and CKD stage. However, given disproportionate numbers of patients in each subgroup(4069, 2817, and only 73 patients, in CKD stage 2, 3, and, 4, respectively), this study seems to lack the statistical power to reach a definite conclusion on the effect modification by CKD stage...
September 2016: Clinical Calcium
Suguru Yamamoto, Isei Ei, Ichiei Narita
Teriparatide, 1-34 parathyroid hormone, is one of effective treatments for osteoporosis. Teriparatide shows an anabolic effect for bone formation, as a result, increases bone mineral density as well as prevention of fractures in the general population. On the other hand, there are a few report about the effect of teriparatide on increase of bone mineral density in maintenance hemodialysis patients. In addition to CKD-MBD, osteoporosis is also an important pathological change in ESRD patients, therefore its safety and efficacy should be discussed in more detail...
September 2016: Clinical Calcium
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"