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gallstone ileus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147883/clinical-and-radiological-diagnosis-of-gallstone-ileus-a-mini-review
#1
Liisa Chang, Minna Chang, Hanna M Chang, Aina I Chang, Fuju Chang
Gallstone ileus is a rare cause of bowel obstruction, which mainly affects the elderly population. The associated mortality is estimated to be up to 30%. The presentation of gallstone ileus is notoriously non-specific, and this often contributes to the delay in diagnosis. The diagnosis of gallstone ileus relies on a radiological approach, and herein we discuss the benefits and drawbacks of the use of different modalities of radiological imaging: plain abdominal films, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound scanning...
November 16, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137063/gallstone-ileus-displaying-the-typical-rigler-triad-and-an-occult-second-ectopic-stone-a-case-report
#2
Li Wang, Ping Dong, Yi Zhang, Bole Tian
RATIONALE: Gallstone ileus is a rare complication of cholecystolithiasis. It has a female predominance and can result in high mortality rates. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 71-year-old woman complaining of recurrent vomiting and vague epigastralgia for > 2 weeks presented to our department. DIAGNOSIS: Based on her physical examination, laboratory test results and radiographic findings (the typical Rigler's triad), she was diagnosed with gallstone ileus caused by multiple ectopic stones...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033757/gallstone-ileus-an-unlikely-cause-of-mechanical-small-bowel-obstruction
#3
Estela Abich, Daniel Glotzer, Edward Murphy
Gallstone ileus is a rare disease that accounts for 1-4% of intestinal obstructions. Almost exclusively a condition in the older female population, it is a difficult diagnosis to make. We report the case of gallstone ileus in a 94-year-old Caucasian female, who presented to the emergency department with acute-onset nausea, coffee-ground emesis, lack of bowel movement, and abdominal distension. On CT scan, the diagnosis of gallstone ileus was made by the presence of a cholecystoduodenal fistula, pneumobilia, and small bowel obstruction...
May 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019098/gallstone-ileus-monocentric-experience-looking-for-the-adequate-approach
#4
Vincenzo Scuderi, Vincenzo Adamo, Marco Naddeo, William Di Natale, Ljevin Boglione, Sebastiano Cavalli
Common complications of biliary lithiasis are cholecystitis, bile duct lithiasis, and acute biliary pancreatitis. Gallstone ileus is uncommon complications often requiring surgical approach. It is a mechanical bowel obstruction caused by a biliary calculus usually originating from a bilioenteric fistula. Because of the limited number of reported cases, the optimal surgical method of treatment has been the subject of ongoing debate. A retrospective, observational, descriptive study was conduct on patients diagnosed with non-neoplastic bowel occlusion...
October 10, 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018012/colonic-gallstone-ileus
#5
Lee Sigmon, Jared Rejeski, Brandon Marion, Michael Fina
Gallstone ileus is a rare aetiology of bowel obstruction and very infrequently occurs in the colon. Typically, colonic gallstone ileus carries a high morbidity and mortality and requires surgery. This case report describes a cholecystocolonic fistula in a patient with ulcerative colitis with resulting colonic gallstone ileus, which was successfully intervened on via an endoscopic approach.
October 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942224/a-single-centre-case-series-of-gallstone-sigmoid-ileus-management
#6
Nicholas Farkas, Ravindran Karthigan, Trystan Lewis, James Read, Sami Farhat, Ahsan Zaidi, Nicholas West
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Gallstone sigmoid ileus is a rare condition that presents with symptoms of large bowel obstruction secondary to a gallstone impacted within the sigmoid colon. This arises because of three primary factors: cholelithiasis causing a cholecystoenteric fistula; a gallstone large enough to obstruct the bowel lumen; and narrowing of the bowel. We describe 3 patients treated in a district general hospital over a 3-year period, and discuss their management. METHODS: Cases were retrospectively analysed from a single center between 2015 and 2017 in line with the SCARE guidelines...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919024/out-of-place-gallstone-ileus
#7
Filippo Mearelli, Chiara Casarsa, Alberto Peretti, Francesca Spagnol, Antonio Giulio Gennari, Nicolò De Manzini, Gianni Biolo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904712/-colonic-gallstone-ileus-a-rare-cause-of-colonic-obstruction
#8
Khalid Mazine, Pierre Barsotti, Hicham Elbouhaddouti, Khalid Ait Taleb
Bile ileus with migration of the gallstone into the colon through cholecystocolonic fistula is rare. The diagnosis is difficult and often late. We here report the case of a 89-year old patient with a history of sigmoid diverticular disease presenting with colonic obstruction associated with bile ileus caused by migration of a large gallstone through cholecystocolonic fistula. Abdominal CT scan allowed the diagnosis. The patient underwent surgical extraction of the gallstone with sigmoidotomy followed by sigmoidostomy with subsequent recovery of the digestive continuity...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904245/gallstone-ileus-in-an-ederly-patient-case-report
#9
Antonino Tornambè, Giuseppe Tornambè
AIM: To report an another case of gallstone ileus in ederly patient that was treated with simple enterolithotomy. MATERIAL OF STUDY: We report a case of 84 years old female that was admitted with intestinal obstruction. A CT scan suggested small bowel obstruction secondary to gallstone ileus. In relation to the overall clinical condition, we decided to perform a simple enterolithotomy. DISCUSSION: The first case of a cholecysto intestinal fistula with a gallstone within the gastro intestinal tract was described n 1654 by, Thomas Bartholin in a necropsy study...
September 4, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845586/hepatobiliary-and-pancreatic-development-from-gallbladder-stone-to-gallstone-ileus
#10
P C Liu, M S Wu, M C Hsieh, F M Suk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808520/gallstone-ileus-dilemma-in-the-management
#11
Girish D Bakhshi, Rajesh G Chincholkar, Jasmine R Agarwal, Madhukar R Gupta, Prachiti S Gokhe, Amogh R Nadkarni
Gallstone ileus is a mechanical intestinal obstruction caused due to impaction of a large gallstone within the bowel. The ideal treatment of gallstone ileus remains controversial, with the main dilemma being between a one-stage and a two-stage surgical procedure. A 69-year old male patient presented with gallstone ileus. A one-stage procedure with enterolithotomy and primary closure of duodenal fistula was done. His immediate postoperative recovery was uneventful, but after 3 weeks of surgery, he developed respiratory complications and expired of multi-organ failure...
June 7, 2017: Clinics and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790094/gallstone-ileus-of-the-duodenum-an-unexpected-presentation-of-bouveret-s-syndrome
#12
Neil Tindell, Kayla Holmes, David Marotta
This report describes a patient who presented with a large gallstone obstructing the duodenal bulb, with the chief complaint of acute on chronic abdominal pain. Classically, this is known as Bouveret's syndrome or a gallstone ileus of the duodenum. Our patient's current health status presented a challenge, with the presence of several comorbidities, particularly a large abdominal aortic aneurism. We chose an open procedure for this reason. The stone was removed through a laparotomy, and the cholecystoduodenal fistula that the stone used to pass into the small bowel was repaired...
August 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750315/a-chip-off-the-old-block-a-case-report-of-gallstone-ileus-in-which-identification-of-a-facetted-stone-was-essential-in-preventing-re-laparotomy
#13
James O'Kelly, Paul Begg, David Anderson
Gallstone ileus is a rare presentation, accounting for 0.1% of cases of mechanical small bowel obstruction. Patients are often elderly with significant comorbidity. Treatment is based upon laparotomy and enterolithotomy. We present the case of a 75year old lady admitted as an emergency with a 4day history of small bowel obstruction. She was found on CT scan to have an impacted gallstone in the distal ileum. At operation, her impacted stone was removed through a proximal enterostomy. The stone however was found to have a squared off edge, raising the suspicion of a second fragment within the proximal small bowel lumen...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743097/less-is-more-an-outcome-assessment-of-patients-operated-for-gallstone-ileus-without-fistula-treatment
#14
Dario Tartaglia, Sohail Bakkar, Lorenzo Piccini, Jessica Bronzoni, Luigi Cobuccio, Andrea Bertolucci, Christian Galatioto, Massimo Chiarugi
BACKGROUND: The treatment of gallstone ileus (GI) consists of surgical removal of the impacted bilestone with or without cholecystectomy and repair of the biliodigestive fistula. The objective of this study was to assess whether sparing patients a definitive biliary procedure adversely influenced the outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of GI were reviewed. Two groups were identified: patients who underwent a definitive biliary procedure with relieving the intestinal obstruction (group 1/G1) and those who did not have a definitive biliary procedure (group 2/G2)...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732000/biliary-ileus-case-report
#15
Fernanda Kreve, Jonas Takada, Janaina Gatto, Francisco S Loss, Everson L A Artifon
Biliary ileusis a uncommon cause of mechanical bowel obstruction, affecting older adult patients who often have other significant medical conditions. It is caused by intestinal impaction of a gallstone that enters the bowel via a cholecysto-enteric fistula. The mortality rate is considerable, ranging between 12 and 27%. Treatment in most cases is surgical, aimed at the resolution of the intestinal obstruction. We report the case of a 55 year old patient diagnosed with biliary ileus, wich evolved without complications after a enterolithotomy...
April 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638830/abdominal-hernias-giant-colon-diverticulum-gist-intestinal-pneumatosis-colon-ischemia-cold-intussusception-gallstone-ileus-and-foreign-bodies-our-experience-and-literature-review-of-incidental-gastrointestinal-mdct-findings
#16
REVIEW
G Di Grezia, G Gatta, R Rella, D Donatello, G Falco, R Grassi, R Grassi
Incidental gastrointestinal findings are commonly detected on MDCT exams performed for various medical indications. This review describes the radiological MDCT spectrum of appearances already present in the past literature and in today's experience of several gastrointestinal acute conditions such as abdominal hernia, giant colon diverticulum, GIST, intestinal pneumatosis, colon ischemia, cold intussusception, gallstone ileus, and foreign bodies which can require medical and surgical intervention or clinical follow-up...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611568/two-anomalies-in-one-a-rare-case-of-an-intrahepatic-gallbladder-with-a-cholecystogastric-fistula
#17
Mohammad F Ali, David Friedel, Galina Levin
The gallbladder can be situated in a variety of anomalous positions. An intrahepatic gallbladder - the second most common ectopic location of the gallbladder - is one that is completely embedded within the liver parenchyma. Described in the literature as early as 1935, intrahepatic gallbladders predominantly result from a developmental anomaly but in some instances have been reported to be secondary to chronic inflammation. The significance of an intrahepatic gallbladder lies in the fact that 60% of the cases are associated with gallstones and may present a challenge for the general surgeon during cholecystectomy and other biliary operations in addition to causing misdiagnosis on imaging...
January 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611560/gallstone-ileus-caused-by-cholecystocolonic-fistula-and-gallstone-impaction-in-the-sigmoid-colon-review-of-the-literature-and-novel-surgical-treatment-with-trephine-loop-colostomy
#18
James W O'Brien, Lucy-Anne Webb, Luke Evans, Chris Speakman, Irshad Shaikh
Gallstone ileus is an uncommon cause of intestinal obstruction and occurs following the formation of a cholecystoenteric fistula, permitting passage of gallstones into the gastrointestinal tract. Impaction of a gallstone in the sigmoid colon is rare and is usually at sites of previous colonic disease. Definitive management can be challenging due to the advanced age and co-morbidity usually seen in this group of patients. We describe a patient successfully managed with on-table endoscopy and, under local anaesthetic, the formation of a left iliac fossa trephine loop colostomy, permitting an enterolithotomy to deliver the stone whilst accommodating for severe pre-existing distal sigmoid diverticular disease...
January 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572235/image-of-the-month-gallstone-ileus
#19
Chia-Ming Chang, Chian-Ze Peng, Yen-Chia Chen, Chorng-Kuang How
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525251/-gallstone-ileus-a-rare-cause-of-acute-bowel-obstruction
#20
T Dossouvi, B N'Timon, K Adabra, E Sorsy, P Meignie
Gallstone ileus is a rare cause of bowel obstruction observed in older persons. The diagnosis is based on computed tomography. Enterolithotomy with or without cholecystectomy and the repair of the fistula is the treatment of choice. The aim of our study is to report two cases of gallstone ileus and to describe the epidemiology, diagnosis and therapy of gallstone ileus.
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
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