keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

detraining

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220619/the-effect-of-whole-body-vibration-on-lower-body-resistance-detraining-in-college-age-women
#1
Keston G Lindsay, David L Nichols, Ronald W Davis, David D Marshall
PURPOSE: This study explored the effect of whole-body vibration (WBV) using accelerations of 2.56 g to 7.68 g on lower-body detraining. METHODS: All participants (N = 20) were trained using a lower-body resistance-training program for 30 min twice per week from Week 0 to Week 6. At the end of the program, they were randomly assigned to a control group that performed no further training or a WBV group that performed a progressive static WBV program. Data for the 5-repetition-maximum (5RM) squat and extensors and flexors of the knee and ankle were collected at Weeks 0, 6, 8, 10, and 12 for all participants...
December 8, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212672/cardiovascular-response-to-prescribed-detraining-among-recreational-athletes
#2
Charles Richard Pedlar, Marcel G Brown, Robert E Shave, James M Otto, Aimee Drane, Jennifer Michaud-Finch, Miranda Contursi, Meagan M Wasfy, Adolph Hutter, Michael H Picard, Gregory D Lewis, Aaron L Baggish
Exercise-induced cardiac remodeling (EICR) and the attendant myocardial adaptations characteristic of the athlete's heart may regress during periods of exercise reduction or abstinence. The time course and mechanisms underlying this reverse remodeling, specifically the impact of concomitant plasma volume (PV) contraction on cardiac chamber size, remain incompletely understood. We therefore studied recreational runners (n=21, aged 34 ± 7 years; 48% male) who completed an 18-week training program (~7 h.w-1) culminating in the 2016 Boston Marathon after which total exercise exposure was confined to <2 h...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162116/health-related-quality-of-life-handgrip-strength-and-falls-during-detraining-in-elderly-habitual-exercisers
#3
Izaro Esain, Ana Rodriguez-Larrad, Iraia Bidaurrazaga-Letona, Susana María Gil
BACKGROUND: The effects of regular exercise on physical functioning and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) have been thoroughly studied. In contrast, little is known about the changes which occur following cessation of activity (detraining). Here, we have investigated the effect of a 3 month detraining period on HRQOL and on handgrip strength in elderly people who had regularly exercised, and examined the association of these variables with falls. METHODS: Thirty-eight women and 11 men (mean age, 75...
November 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148626/effects-of-detraining-on-breathing-pattern-and-ventilatory-efficiency-in-young-soccer-players
#4
José R Alvero Cruz, Mauro Ronconi, Jerónimo Garcia Romero, José Naranjo Orellana
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effects of detraining on breathing pattern. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a sixweek detraining period on breathing patterns and ventilatory efficiency. METHODS: Fourteen young soccer players were evaluated at the end of a competitive season and after a sixweek detraining period. Assessment of respiratory efficiency was based on VE/VCO2 slope changes below 70% of exercise intensity. All participants underwent twice an incremental graded exercise test up to exhaustion...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114531/effects-of-a-short-term-detraining-period-on-muscle-functionality-and-cognition-of-strength-trained-older-women-a-preliminary-report
#5
Hélio José Coelho, Bruno Rodrigues, Ivan de Oliveira Gonçalves, Marco Carlos Uchida
The present study aimed to investigate the impact of a 1-month detraining composed by Christmas and New Year's Day in the functional and cognitive parameters of 12 older women who had previously participated in 22-week moderate intensity strength training program (ST; n=6) or remained performing their regular habits of life during all study period, without engaging in physical exercise programs (CG; n=6). Transfer capacity (i.e., Timed Up and Go [TUG]) and executive function (i.e., TUG with a cognitive task) were increased in the ST group after the intervention...
October 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091150/maintenance-of-exercise-training-benefits-is-associated-with-adequate-milk-and-dairy-products-intake-in-elderly-hypertensive-subjects-following-detraining
#6
Wilson Max Almeida Monteiro de Moraes, Neucilane Silveira Dos Santos, Larissa Pereira Aguiar, Luís Gustavo Oliveira de Sousa
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether maintenance of exercise training benefits is associated with adequate milk and dairy products intake in hypertensive elderly subjects after detraining. METHODS: Twenty-eight elderly hypertensive patients with optimal clinical treatment underwent 16 weeks of multicomponent exercise training program followed by 6 weeks of detraining, and were classified according to milk and dairy products intake as low milk (<3 servings) and high milk (≥3 servings) groups...
July 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052051/tongue-strengthening-exercises-in-healthy-older-adults-specificity-of-bulb-position-and-detraining-effects
#7
Leen Van den Steen, Charlotte Schellen, Katja Verstraelen, Anne-Sophie Beeckman, Jan Vanderwegen, Marc De Bodt, Gwen Van Nuffelen
Clinical tongue-strengthening therapy programs are generally based on the principles of exercise and motor learning, including the specificity paradigm. The aim of this study was to investigate the specific effect of anterior and posterior tongue-strengthening exercises (TSE) on tongue strength (TS) in healthy older adults and to measure possible detraining effects. Sixteen healthy elderly completed 8 weeks of TSE by means of the Iowa Oral Performance Instrument (IOPI). They were distributed in two different treatment arms and performed either exclusively anterior or posterior TSE (ATSE, n = 9 or PTSE, n = 7) depending on the treatment arm...
October 19, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905240/different-training-programs-decrease-blood-pressure-during-submaximal-exercise
#8
Oscar Niño, Natalia Balagué, Daniel Aragonés, Juan Alamo, Guillermo Oviedo, Casimiro Javierre, Elisabet Guillamo, Maria C Delicado, Gines Viscor, Josep L Ventura
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to study the effects of aerobic, resistance, and mixed (aerobic and resistance) training programs on blood pressure, both at rest and during submaximal exercise in healthy people. METHODS: We randomized 39 physically active, healthy participants into aerobic, resistance, and mixed (aerobic and resistance) exercise groups, and a control group. The exercise groups trained for 60 min three times/week for 6 weeks, and a submaximal cycle ergometer test was performed before and after training, and 3 weeks after detraining...
November 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902118/concurrent-training-followed-by-detraining-does-the-resistance-training-intensity-matter
#9
António C Sousa, Daniel A Marinho, Maria H Gil, Mikel Izquierdo, David Rodríguez-Rosell, Henrique P Neiva, Mário C Marques
The aim of the present study was to analyze the training and detraining effects of concurrent aerobic training and resistance training against three different external loads on strength and aerobic variables. Thirty-two men were randomly assigned to four groups: low-load (LLG, n=9), moderate-load (MLG, n=9), high-load (HLG, n=8), and control group (CG, n=6). Resistance training consisted of FS with a low-load (40-55% 1RM), a moderate-load (55-70% 1RM) or a high-load (70-85% 1RM) combined with jump and sprint exercises...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899731/combined-physical-cognitive-training-enhances-postural-performances-during-daily-life-tasks-in-older-adults
#10
Rabeb Laatar, Hiba Kachouri, Rihab Borji, Haithem Rebai, Sonia Sahli
Physical-cognitive interventions seem promising to improve balance and gait performances and prevent falls in the elderly. Although these beneficial effects, it is still not clear whether these physical-cognitive training modalities leads to more general non-specific adaptations that can be transferred to some measures reflecting every day abilities. This randomized controlled trial examined postural (center of pressure oscillations), physical (lower body strength, gait speed, functional mobility, dynamic balance) and cognitive performances (reaction time) and postural performance during daily life tasks (walking while conversing on a phone and maintaining an upright standing posture while buttoning a shirt) in older adults (66...
September 9, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858726/optimal-retraining-time-for-regaining-functional-fitness-using-multicomponent-training-after-long-term-detraining-in-older-adults
#11
Minyoung Lee, Taehyun Lim, Jaehyuk Lee, Kimyeong Kim, BumChul Yoon
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the optimal retraining time for regaining functional fitness through multicomponent training following long-term detraining in older adults. This study first investigated the time course of functional fitness changes during 12-month multicomponent training, 12-month detraining, and 9-month retraining in 18 older adults (68.33±3.46) and then determined the optimal retraining time for regaining the post-training functional fitness level after a 12-month detraining period...
August 2, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839007/curcumin-limits-weight-gain-adipose-tissue-growth-and-glucose-intolerance-following-the-cessation-of-exercise-and-caloric-restriction-in-rats
#12
Trevor Teich, Jacklyn A Pivovarov, Deanna P Porras, Emily C Dunford, Michael C Riddell
Weight regain, adipose tissue growth, and insulin resistance can occur within days after the cessation of regular dieting and exercise. We investigated the effect of curcumin on preserving metabolic health and limiting adipose tissue growth following the cessation of daily exercise and caloric restriction (CR). Sprague-Dawley rats (6-7 wks old) underwent a 'training' protocol of 24 hr voluntary running wheel access and CR (15-20 g/day) for 3 wks ('All Trained') or were sedentary and fed ad libitum ('Sed'). After 3 wks, 'All Trained' were randomly divided into one group which was terminated immediately ('Trained'), and two detrained groups which had their wheels locked and were reintroduced to ad libitum feeding for 1 wk...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735824/effect-of-qigong-exercise-on-cognitive-function-blood-pressure-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-healthy-middle-aged-subjects
#13
Suphannika Ladawan, Kultida Klarod, Marc Philippe, Verena Menz, Inga Versen, Hannes Gatterer, Martin Burtscher
OBJECTIVE: To investigate effects of Qigong exercise on cognitive function, blood pressure and cardiorespiratory fitness in healthy middle-aged subjects. METHODS: Study part 1 examined the effects of Qigong exercise in 12 subjects (5 males, 7 females, aged 52.2±7.1years) who performed Qigong for 8 weeks (60min sessions, 3 times/week). Study part 2 evaluated the detraining effects 12 weeks after cessation of Qigong. Cognitive function (Digit Span Forward and Backward Test, Trail Making Tests part A and B), blood pressure, and exercise performance were determined at baseline, immediately after the training programme, and after the detraining period...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730867/external-load-training-does-not-alter-balance-performance-in-well-trained-women
#14
Jeffrey D Simpson, Brandon L Miller, Eric K O'Neal, Harish Chander, Adam C Knight
This study investigated the influence of external load training (ELT) on static and dynamic balance. Nineteen females stratified into two groups (ELT = 9, control = 10) completed three testing sessions over 6 weeks. The ELT group wore weighted vests (WV) of ~8% body mass for 32 h/week during daily living and three training sessions/week for 3 weeks. Following completion of ELT, a 3 week detraining (DET) phase was completed. Bilateral and unilateral static balance were assessed with eyes open and closed...
July 21, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651660/sudden-improvement-in-ventricular-repolarization-abnormality-after-a-short-detraining-period-in-an-athlete
#15
Noriko Motoki, Yohei Akazawa, Akira Hachiya, Yuji Inaba
We describe the case of a 17-year-old male soccer player with T-wave inversion in precordial leads in resting electrocardiography, which also disclosed sinus bradycardia, early repolarization, and increased QRS voltage. These findings strongly suggested cardiomyopathy. The patient's T-wave inversion disappeared during only 2 weeks of detraining, and it re-appeared 2 weeks after resumption of intensive training. This sudden change in electrocardiographic parameters over a short period helped in identifying the adolescent as having athlete's heart...
June 27, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642711/weekly-time-course-of-neuro-muscular-adaptation-to-intensive-strength-training
#16
Niklas Brown, Dieter Bubeck, Daniel F B Haeufle, Johannes Weickenmeier, Ellen Kuhl, Wilfried Alt, Syn Schmitt
Detailed description of the time course of muscular adaptation is rarely found in literature. Thus, models of muscular adaptation are difficult to validate since no detailed data of adaptation are available. In this article, as an initial step toward a detailed description and analysis of muscular adaptation, we provide a case report of 8 weeks of intense strength training with two active, male participants. Muscular adaptations were analyzed on a morphological level with MRI scans of the right quadriceps muscle and the calculation of muscle volume, on a voluntary strength level by isometric voluntary contractions with doublet stimulation (interpolated twitch technique) and on a non-voluntary level by resting twitch torques...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621884/young-athletes-with-ventricular-premature-beats-continuing-or-not-intense-training-and-competition
#17
A Parisi, E Tranchita, C Minganti, F Sperandii, E Guerra, L Calò, P Borrione, F Pigozzi
Isolated ventricular premature beats (VPBs) are commonly found during pre-participation screening in athletes. Currently, the debate about the role of detraining in reducing the number of VPBs is still open. This study evaluated the arrhythmic risk in a population of young competitive athletes who showed VPBs during eligibility evaluation and that did not undergo detraining but continued practicing competitive sports. 3746 consecutive subjects underwent pre-participation screening. Athletes who showed VPBs were selected and underwent second level evaluation (Echocardiogram, 24 hour Holter ECG and Exercise test)...
June 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594711/effects-of-repeated-yearly-exposure-to-exercise-training-on-blood-pressure-and-metabolic-syndrome-evolution
#18
Felix Morales-Palomo, Miguel Ramirez-Jimenez, Juan F Ortega, Pedro L Lopez-Galindo, Juan Fernandez-Martin, Ricardo Mora-Rodriguez
OBJECTIVE: To study if repeated yearly training programs consolidate the transient blood pressure (BP) improvements of one exercise program into durable adaptations. METHODS: Obese middle-age individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS) underwent high-intensity aerobic interval training during 16 weeks (November to mid-March) in 3 consecutive years [training group (TRAIN); N = 23]. Evolution of MetS components was compared with a matched-group that remained sedentary [control group (CONT); N = 26]...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533074/exercise-science-principles-and-the-vocal-warm-up-implications-for-singing-voice-pedagogy
#19
Matthew Hoch, Mary J Sandage
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESES: Principles from exercise science literature were applied to singing warm-up pedagogy as a method for examining parallels between athletic and voice training. Analysis of the use of exercise principles in vocal warm-up should illuminate aspects of voice training that may be further developed in the future. METHODS/DESIGN: A selected canon of standard voice pedagogy texts and well-regarded warm-up methods were evaluated for use of exercise science principles for skill acquisition and fatigue resistance...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505224/muscle-bioenergetic-considerations-for-intrinsic-laryngeal-skeletal-muscle-physiology
#20
Mary J Sandage, Audrey G Smith
Purpose: Intrinsic laryngeal skeletal muscle bioenergetics, the means by which muscles produce fuel for muscle metabolism, is an understudied aspect of laryngeal physiology with direct implications for voice habilitation and rehabilitation. The purpose of this review is to describe bioenergetic pathways identified in limb skeletal muscle and introduce bioenergetic physiology as a necessary parameter for theoretical models of laryngeal skeletal muscle function. Method: A comprehensive review of the human intrinsic laryngeal skeletal muscle physiology literature was conducted...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
keyword
keyword
38839
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"