keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

detraining

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905240/different-training-programs-decrease-blood-pressure-during-submaximal-exercise
#1
Oscar Niño, Natalia Balagué, Daniel Aragonés, Juan Alamo, Guillermo Oviedo, Casimiro Javierre, Elisabet Guillamo, Maria C Delicado, Gines Viscor, Josep L Ventura
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to study the effects of aerobic, resistance, and mixed (aerobic and resistance) training programs on blood pressure, both at rest and during submaximal exercise in healthy people. METHODS: We randomized 39 physically active, healthy participants into aerobic, resistance, and mixed (aerobic and resistance) exercise groups, and a control group. The exercise groups trained for 60 min three times/week for 6 weeks, and a submaximal cycle ergometer test was performed before and after training, and 3 weeks after detraining...
November 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902118/concurrent-training-followed-by-detraining-does-the-resistance-training-intensity-matter
#2
António C Sousa, Daniel A Marinho, Maria H Gil, Mikel Izquierdo, David Rodríguez-Rosell, Henrique P Neiva, Mário C Marques
The aim of the present study was to analyze the training and detraining effects of concurrent aerobic training and resistance training against three different external loads on strength and aerobic variables. Thirty-two men were randomly assigned to four groups: low-load (LLG, n=9), moderate-load (MLG, n=9), high-load (HLG, n=8), and control group (CG, n=6). Resistance training consisted of FS with a low-load (40-55% 1RM), a moderate-load (55-70% 1RM) or a high-load (70-85% 1RM) combined with jump and sprint exercises...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899731/combined-physical-cognitive-training-enhances-postural-performances-during-daily-life-tasks-in-older-adults
#3
Rabeb Laatar, Hiba Kachouri, Rihab Borji, Haithem Rebai, Sonia Sahli
Physical-cognitive interventions seem promising to improve balance and gait performances and prevent falls in the elderly. Although these beneficial effects, it is still not clear whether these physical-cognitive training modalities leads to more general non-specific adaptations that can be transferred to some measures reflecting every day abilities. This randomized controlled trial examined postural (center of pressure oscillations), physical (lower body strength, gait speed, functional mobility, dynamic balance) and cognitive performances (reaction time) and postural performance during daily life tasks (walking while conversing on a phone and maintaining an upright standing posture while buttoning a shirt) in older adults (66...
September 9, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858726/optimal-retraining-time-for-regaining-functional-fitness-using-multicomponent-training-after-long-term-detraining-in-older-adults
#4
Minyoung Lee, Taehyun Lim, Jaehyuk Lee, Kimyeong Kim, BumChul Yoon
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the optimal retraining time for regaining functional fitness through multicomponent training following long-term detraining in older adults. This study first investigated the time course of functional fitness changes during 12-month multicomponent training, 12-month detraining, and 9-month retraining in 18 older adults (68.33±3.46) and then determined the optimal retraining time for regaining the post-training functional fitness level after a 12-month detraining period...
August 2, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839007/curcumin-limits-weight-gain-adipose-tissue-growth-and-glucose-intolerance-following-the-cessation-of-exercise-and-caloric-restriction-in-rats
#5
Trevor Teich, Jacklyn A Pivovarov, Deanna P Porras, Emily C Dunford, Michael C Riddell
Weight regain, adipose tissue growth, and insulin resistance can occur within days after the cessation of regular dieting and exercise. We investigated the effect of curcumin on preserving metabolic health and limiting adipose tissue growth following the cessation of daily exercise and caloric restriction (CR). Sprague-Dawley rats (6-7 wks old) underwent a 'training' protocol of 24 hr voluntary running wheel access and CR (15-20 g/day) for 3 wks ('All Trained') or were sedentary and fed ad libitum ('Sed'). After 3 wks, 'All Trained' were randomly divided into one group which was terminated immediately ('Trained'), and two detrained groups which had their wheels locked and were reintroduced to ad libitum feeding for 1 wk...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735824/effect-of-qigong-exercise-on-cognitive-function-blood-pressure-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-healthy-middle-aged-subjects
#6
Suphannika Ladawan, Kultida Klarod, Marc Philippe, Verena Menz, Inga Versen, Hannes Gatterer, Martin Burtscher
OBJECTIVE: To investigate effects of Qigong exercise on cognitive function, blood pressure and cardiorespiratory fitness in healthy middle-aged subjects. METHODS: Study part 1 examined the effects of Qigong exercise in 12 subjects (5 males, 7 females, aged 52.2±7.1years) who performed Qigong for 8 weeks (60min sessions, 3 times/week). Study part 2 evaluated the detraining effects 12 weeks after cessation of Qigong. Cognitive function (Digit Span Forward and Backward Test, Trail Making Tests part A and B), blood pressure, and exercise performance were determined at baseline, immediately after the training programme, and after the detraining period...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730867/external-load-training-does-not-alter-balance-performance-in-well-trained-women
#7
Jeffrey D Simpson, Brandon L Miller, Eric K O'Neal, Harish Chander, Adam C Knight
This study investigated the influence of external load training (ELT) on static and dynamic balance. Nineteen females stratified into two groups (ELT = 9, control = 10) completed three testing sessions over 6 weeks. The ELT group wore weighted vests (WV) of ~8% body mass for 32 h/week during daily living and three training sessions/week for 3 weeks. Following completion of ELT, a 3 week detraining (DET) phase was completed. Bilateral and unilateral static balance were assessed with eyes open and closed...
July 21, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651660/sudden-improvement-in-ventricular-repolarization-abnormality-after-a-short-detraining-period-in-an-athlete
#8
Noriko Motoki, Yohei Akazawa, Akira Hachiya, Yuji Inaba
We describe the case of a 17-year-old male soccer player with T-wave inversion in precordial leads in resting electrocardiography, which also disclosed sinus bradycardia, early repolarization, and increased QRS voltage. These findings strongly suggested cardiomyopathy. The patient's T-wave inversion disappeared during only 2 weeks of detraining, and it re-appeared 2 weeks after resumption of intensive training. This sudden change in electrocardiographic parameters over a short period helped in identifying the adolescent as having athlete's heart...
June 27, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642711/weekly-time-course-of-neuro-muscular-adaptation-to-intensive-strength-training
#9
Niklas Brown, Dieter Bubeck, Daniel F B Haeufle, Johannes Weickenmeier, Ellen Kuhl, Wilfried Alt, Syn Schmitt
Detailed description of the time course of muscular adaptation is rarely found in literature. Thus, models of muscular adaptation are difficult to validate since no detailed data of adaptation are available. In this article, as an initial step toward a detailed description and analysis of muscular adaptation, we provide a case report of 8 weeks of intense strength training with two active, male participants. Muscular adaptations were analyzed on a morphological level with MRI scans of the right quadriceps muscle and the calculation of muscle volume, on a voluntary strength level by isometric voluntary contractions with doublet stimulation (interpolated twitch technique) and on a non-voluntary level by resting twitch torques...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621884/young-athletes-with-ventricular-premature-beats-continuing-or-not-intense-training-and-competition
#10
A Parisi, E Tranchita, C Minganti, F Sperandii, E Guerra, L Calò, P Borrione, F Pigozzi
Isolated ventricular premature beats (VPBs) are commonly found during pre-participation screening in athletes. Currently, the debate about the role of detraining in reducing the number of VPBs is still open. This study evaluated the arrhythmic risk in a population of young competitive athletes who showed VPBs during eligibility evaluation and that did not undergo detraining but continued practicing competitive sports. 3746 consecutive subjects underwent pre-participation screening. Athletes who showed VPBs were selected and underwent second level evaluation (Echocardiogram, 24 hour Holter ECG and Exercise test)...
June 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594711/effects-of-repeated-yearly-exposure-to-exercise-training-on-blood-pressure-and-metabolic-syndrome-evolution
#11
Felix Morales-Palomo, Miguel Ramirez-Jimenez, Juan F Ortega, Pedro L Lopez-Galindo, Juan Fernandez-Martin, Ricardo Mora-Rodriguez
OBJECTIVE: To study if repeated yearly training programs consolidate the transient blood pressure (BP) improvements of one exercise program into durable adaptations. METHODS: Obese middle-age individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS) underwent high-intensity aerobic interval training during 16 weeks (November to mid-March) in 3 consecutive years [training group (TRAIN); N = 23]. Evolution of MetS components was compared with a matched-group that remained sedentary [control group (CONT); N = 26]...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533074/exercise-science-principles-and-the-vocal-warm-up-implications-for-singing-voice-pedagogy
#12
Matthew Hoch, Mary J Sandage
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESES: Principles from exercise science literature were applied to singing warm-up pedagogy as a method for examining parallels between athletic and voice training. Analysis of the use of exercise principles in vocal warm-up should illuminate aspects of voice training that may be further developed in the future. METHODS/DESIGN: A selected canon of standard voice pedagogy texts and well-regarded warm-up methods were evaluated for use of exercise science principles for skill acquisition and fatigue resistance...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505224/muscle-bioenergetic-considerations-for-intrinsic-laryngeal-skeletal-muscle-physiology
#13
Mary J Sandage, Audrey G Smith
Purpose: Intrinsic laryngeal skeletal muscle bioenergetics, the means by which muscles produce fuel for muscle metabolism, is an understudied aspect of laryngeal physiology with direct implications for voice habilitation and rehabilitation. The purpose of this review is to describe bioenergetic pathways identified in limb skeletal muscle and introduce bioenergetic physiology as a necessary parameter for theoretical models of laryngeal skeletal muscle function. Method: A comprehensive review of the human intrinsic laryngeal skeletal muscle physiology literature was conducted...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448687/postexercise-blood-flow-restriction-does-not-enhance-muscle-hypertrophy-induced-by-multiple-set-high-load-resistance-exercise
#14
Haruhiko Madarame, Satoshi Nakada, Takahisa Ohta, Naokata Ishii
To test the applicability of postexercise blood flow restriction (PEBFR) in practical training programmes, we investigated whether PEBFR enhances muscle hypertrophy induced by multiple-set high-load resistance exercise (RE). Seven men completed an eight-week RE programme for knee extensor muscles. Employing a within-subject design, one leg was subjected to RE + PEBFR, whereas contralateral leg to RE only. On each exercise session, participants performed three sets of unilateral knee extension exercise at approximately 70% of their one-repetition maximum for RE leg first, and then performed three sets for RE + PEBFR leg...
April 27, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377392/effects-of-testosterone-and-evoked-resistance-exercise-after-spinal-cord-injury-terex-sci-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Ashraf S Gorgey, Refka E Khalil, Ranjodh Gill, Laura C O'Brien, Timothy Lavis, Teodoro Castillo, David X Cifu, Jeannie Savas, Rehan Khan, Christopher Cardozo, Edward J Lesnefsky, David R Gater, Robert A Adler
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) are at a lifelong risk of obesity and chronic metabolic disorders including insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. Within a few weeks of injury, there is a significant decline in whole body fat-free mass, particularly lower extremity skeletal muscle mass, and subsequent increase in fat mass (FM). This is accompanied by a decrease in anabolic hormones including testosterone. Testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) has been shown to increase skeletal muscle mass and improve metabolic profile...
April 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328712/resistance-training-induced-elevations-in-muscular-strength-in-trained-men-are-maintained-after-2-weeks-of-detraining-and-not-differentially-affected-by-whey-protein-supplementation
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Paul S Hwang, Thomas L Andre, Sarah K McKinley-Barnard, Flor E Morales Marroquín, Joshua J Gann, Joon J Song, Darryn S Willoughby
Hwang, PS, Andre, TL, McKinley-Barnard, SK, Morales Marroquín, FE, Gann, JJ, Song, JJ, and Willoughby, DS. Resistance training-induced elevations in muscular strength in trained men are maintained after 2 weeks of detraining and not differentially affected by whey protein supplementation. J Strength Cond Res 31(4): 869-881, 2017-Resistance training (RT) with nutritional strategies incorporating whey protein intake postexercise can stimulate muscle protein synthesis and elicit hypertrophy. The early phases of training-induced anabolic responses can be attenuated with longer-term training...
April 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314091/changes-in-muscle-architecture-of-biceps-femoris-induced-by-eccentric-strength-training-with-nordic-hamstring-exercise
#17
D Alonso-Fernandez, P Docampo-Blanco, J Martinez-Fernandez
Eccentric strength training alters muscle architecture, but it is also an important factor for the prevention of hamstring injuries. The purpose was to determine the architectural adaptations of the biceps femoris long head (BFlh) after eccentric strength training with nordic hamstring exercise (NHE), followed by a subsequent detraining period. The participants in this intervention (n=23) completed a period of 13 weeks consisting of a first week of control and prior training, followed by 8 weeks of eccentric strength training with NHE, and concluding with a 4-week period of detraining...
March 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287021/evaluation-of-a-static-stretching-intervention-on-vascular-endothelial-function-and-arterial-stiffness
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Hiromi Shinno, Satoshi Kurose, Yutaka Yamanaka, Kyoko Higurashi, Yaeko Fukushima, Hiromi Tsutsumi, Yutaka Kimura
PURPOSE: Maintenance and enhancement of vascular endothelial function contribute to the prevention of cardiovascular disease and prolong a healthy life expectancy. Given the reversible nature of vascular endothelial function, interventions to improve this function might prevent arteriosclerosis. Accordingly, we studied the effects of a 6-month static stretching intervention on vascular endothelial function (reactive hyperaemia peripheral arterial tonometry index: RH-PAT index) and arterial stiffness (brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity: baPWV) and investigated the reversibility of these effects after a 6-month detraining period following intervention completion...
June 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275174/physiological-and-clinical-relevance-of-exercise-ventilatory-efficiency-in-copd
#19
REVIEW
J Alberto Neder, Danilo C Berton, Flavio F Arbex, Maria Clara Alencar, Alcides Rocha, Priscila A Sperandio, Paolo Palange, Denis E O'Donnell
Exercise ventilation (V'E) relative to carbon dioxide output (V'CO2 ) is particularly relevant to patients limited by the respiratory system, e.g. those with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). High V'E-V'CO2 (poor ventilatory efficiency) has been found to be a key physiological abnormality in symptomatic patients with largely preserved forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1). Establishing an association between high V'E-V'CO2 and exertional dyspnoea in mild COPD provides evidence that exercise intolerance is not a mere consequence of detraining...
March 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270443/skeletal-muscle-pgc-1%C3%AE-signaling-is-sufficient-to-drive-an-endurance-exercise-phenotype-and-to-counteract-components-of-detraining-in-mice
#20
Samuel Lee, Teresa C Leone, Lisa Rogosa, John Rumsey, Julio Ayala, Paul M Coen, Robert H Fitts, Rick B Vega, Daniel P Kelly
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator (PGC)-1α and -1β serve as master transcriptional regulators of muscle mitochondrial functional capacity and are capable of enhancing muscle endurance when overexpressed in mice. We sought to determine whether muscle-specific transgenic overexpression of PGC-1β affects the detraining response following endurance training. First, we established and validated a mouse exercise-training-detraining protocol. Second, using multiple physiological and gene expression end points, we found that PGC-1β overexpression in skeletal muscle of sedentary mice fully recapitulated the training response...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
keyword
keyword
38839
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"